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Malacostraca

Description

Malacostraca is the largest of the six classes of crustaceans, containing about 40,000 living species, divided among 16 orders. Its members, the malacostracans, display a great diversity of body forms and include crabs, lobsters, crayfish, shrimp, krill, woodlice, amphipods, mantis shrimp and many other, less familiar animals. They are abundant in all marine environments and have colonised freshwater and terrestrial habitats. They are segmented animals, united by a common body plan comprising 20 body segments (rarely 21), and divided into a head, thorax, and abdomen.


Source Data
SourceIDLink
Global Biodiversity Information Facility ID (GBIF)229https://www.gbif.org/species/229
PaleoBioDB ID (PBDB)22215https://paleobiodb.org/classic/checkTaxonInfo?taxon_no=22215
Rankclass
Taxonomy (GBIF,PBDB)Life : Animalia : Arthropoda : Malacostraca
Taxonomic Status (GBIF)accepted
Classification
RankNameAuthor
kingdomAnimaliaLinnaeus 1758
Bilateria
EubilateriaAx 1987
ProtostomiaGrobben 1908
Ecdysozoa
Panarthropoda
phylumArthropodaLatreille 1829
subphylumMandibulata
Pancrustacea
subphylumCrustaceaBrünnich 1772
subclassMalacostracaLatreille 1802
Unranked entries are considered an unranked clade in modern classifications. Ranks may be repeated or presented in the wrong order because authors may disagree about how to rank taxa.
Scientific NameMalacostraca
Status (PBDB)extant
Taxon Size (PBDB)6,919
Extant Size (PBDB)2,317 (33%)
First Recorded Appearance530 - 513 Ma
Cambrian
Motilityactively mobile
Visionwell-developed
Dietomnivore
Taphonomychitin
Primary Reference (PBDB)P. A. Latreille. 1802. Histoire Naturelle, Générale et Particulière des Crustacés et des Insectes, Tome Troisième
Wikipediahttps://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Malacostraca

External Images

Fossil Distribution

Subtaxa

NameStatusCommon Name(s)Fossil OccurrencesOldestYoungest
Amphionidacea
order
accepted00 Ma
Extant
Amphipoda
order
acceptedAmphipod3174 Ma
Middle Jurassic
0 Ma
Extant
Anaspidacea
order
accepted10307 Ma
Carboniferous
0 Ma
Extant
Bathynellacea
order
accepted00 Ma
Extant
Bochusacea
order
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Cumacea
order
acceptedHooded Shrimp1165 Ma
Middle Jurassic
0 Ma
Extant
Decapoda
order
acceptedDecapod5,634339 Ma
Carboniferous
0 Ma
Extant
Euphausiacea
order
accepted00 Ma
Extant
Isopoda
order
acceptedIsopod83272 Ma
Permian
0 Ma
Extant
Leptostraca
order
accepted1260 Ma
Permian
0 Ma
Extant
Lophogastrida
order
accepted14247 Ma
Early Triassic
0 Ma
Extant
Mysida
order
acceptedMysid Shrimp15359 Ma
Late Devonian
0 Ma
Extant
Stomatopoda
order
acceptedMantis Shrimp30339 Ma
Carboniferous
0 Ma
Extant
Tanaidacea
order
accepted44260 Ma
Permian
0 Ma
Extant
Thermosbaenacea
order
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Acadiocarididae
family
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Acanthotelsonidae
family
accepted1311 Ma
Carboniferous
307 Ma
Carboniferous
Aenigmacarididae
family
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Anthracophausiidae
family
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Aratidecthidae
family
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Aristozoidae
family
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Belotelsonidae
family
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Canadaspididae
family
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Caryocarididae
family
accepted31485 Ma
Cambrian
419 Ma
Early Devonian
Ceratiocarididae
family
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Echinocarididae
family
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Essoidiidae
family
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Hymenocarididae
family
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Jerometichenoriidae
family
accepted1279 Ma
Permian
272 Ma
Permian
Kallidecthidae
family
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Mictocarididae
family
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Minicarididae
family
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Notocarididae
family
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Ohiocarididae
family
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Palaeocarididae
family
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Palaeopemphidae
family
accepted3269 Ma
Permian
265 Ma
Permian
Pephricarididae
family
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Perimecturidae
family
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Perspicarididae
family
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Ptychocarididae
family
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Pygocephalidae
family
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Rhinocarididae
family
accepted0
Sairocarididae
family
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Spelaeogriphidae
family
accepted4145 Ma
Late Jurassic
0 Ma
Extant
Squillitidae
family
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Tealliocarididae
family
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Tylocarididae
family
accepted4265 Ma
Permian
254 Ma
Permian
Waterstonellidae
family
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Aenigmacaris
genus
accepted1307 Ma
Carboniferous
304 Ma
Carboniferous
Amphipeltis
genus
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Archaeocaris
genus
accepted0
Arenosicaris
genus
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Bairdops
genus
accepted0
Bellocaris
genus
accepted1347 Ma
Carboniferous
331 Ma
Carboniferous
Branchiocaris
genus
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Chitinomandibulum
genus
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Cinerocaris
genus
accepted1433 Ma
Silurian
427 Ma
Silurian
Dictyocaris
genus
accepted5443 Ma
Silurian
423 Ma
Silurian
Dilophaspis
genus
accepted0
Discinocaris
genus
accepted4461 Ma
Middle Ordovician
419 Ma
Early Devonian
Douglasocaris
genus
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Hoplita
genus
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Iraticaris
genus
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Joanellia
genus
accepted2331 Ma
Carboniferous
323 Ma
Carboniferous
Kallidecthes
genus
accepted0
Nothozoe
genus
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Octotriangulella
genus
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Palaeosyncaris
genus
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Paleosquilla
genus
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Permocaris
genus
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Phasganocaris
genus
accepted0
Pittinucaris
genus
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Protobalanus
genus
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Pseudoarctolepis
genus
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Pygaspis
genus
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Sagittiformosus
genus
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Sairocaris
genus
accepted0
Sosiocaris
genus
accepted1269 Ma
Permian
265 Ma
Permian
Thoronetia
genus
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Tuzoia
genus
accepted31530 Ma
Cambrian
458 Ma
Late Ordovician
Eripha gonagra
species
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB

Unlinked PBDB sub-entries

NameStatusFossil OccurrencesExtantOldestYoungest
Hymenostraca
order
Not linked to GBIF1extinct516 Ma
Cambrian
513 Ma
Cambrian
Hoplostraca
order
Not linked to GBIF0extinct
Phyllocarida
subclass
Not linked to GBIF220extant530 Ma
Cambrian
254 Ma
Permian
Palaeostomatopoda
order
Not linked to GBIF0extinct
Aeschronectida
order
Not linked to GBIF5extinct331 Ma
Carboniferous
303 Ma
Carboniferous
Eocaridacea
order
Not linked to GBIF1extinct315 Ma
Carboniferous
307 Ma
Carboniferous
Belotelsonidea
order
Not linked to GBIF0extinct
Waterstonellidea
order
Not linked to GBIF0extinct
Palaeocaridacea
order
Not linked to GBIF0extinct
Eumalacostraca
subclass
Not linked to GBIF82extant359 Ma
Late Devonian
0.01 Ma
Pleistocene
Eucarida
superorder
Not linked to GBIF5,634extant339 Ma
Carboniferous
Hoplocarida
subclass
Not linked to GBIF30extant339 Ma
Carboniferous
Amphipeltis
genus
Not linked to GBIF2extinct318 Ma
Carboniferous
315 Ma
Carboniferous

Synonymy List

YearName and Author
1802Malacostraca Latreille p. 20
1904Malacostraca Martin p. 94
1984Malacostraca Squires p. 55
1992Malacostraca Bengtson p. 1022
1999Malacostraca Squires p. 28
2001Malacostraca Martin and Davis p. 65
2002Malacostraca Sepkoski, Jr.
2003Malacostraca Kiessling
2004Malacostraca Briggs et al. p. 131

References

Latreille P. A. , Histoire Naturelle, Générale et Particulière des Crustacés et des Insectes, Tome Troisième, 1-467
Martin G. C. (1904) Malacostraca, Maryland Geological Survey Miocene Text, 94
Squires R. L. (1984) Megapaleontology of the Eocene Llajas Formation, Simi Valley, California, Contributions in Science, Natural History Museum of Los Angeles County 350, 1-76
Bengtson S. (1992) Proterozoic and earliest Cambrian skeletal metazoans, The Proterozoic Biosphere: A Multidisciplinary Study, 1017-1034
Martin J. W., Davis G. E. (2001) An Updated Classification of the Recent Crustacea, Natural History Museum of Los Angeles County Science Series 39, 1-124
Sepkoski, Jr. J. J. (2002) A compendium of fossil marine animal genera, Bulletins of American Paleontology 363, 1-560
Kiessling W. (2003) Personal data
Briggs D. E. G., Sutton M. D., et al (2004) A new phyllocarid (Crustacea: Malacostraca) from the Silurian Fossil-Lagerstätte of Herefordshire, UK, Proceedings of the Royal Society of London B 271, 131-138
Parker, S.P. (ed). (1982). Synopsis and Classification of Living Organisms. McGraw-Hill, New York. 2 volumes. - via The Interim Register of Marine and Nonmarine Genera
Gärdenfors, Ulf, Hall, Ragnar, Hallingbäck, Tomas, Hansson, Hans G. & Hedström, Lars (2003) Djur, svampar och växter i Sverige 2003. Förteckning över antal arter per familj. ArtDatabanken Rapporterar 5, ArtDatabanken, Uppsala. (reviderad excelfil med svenska djurfamiljer). - via Dyntaxa. Svensk taxonomisk databas
Brusca, R.C.; Brusca, G.J. (1990). Invertebrates. Sinauer Associates: Sunderland, MA (USA). ISBN 0-87893-098-1. 922 pp. - via World Register of Introduced Marine Species (WRiMS)
Martin, J.W., & Davis, G.E. (2001). An updated classification of the recent Crustacea. Science Series, 39. Natural History Museum of Los Angeles County. Los Angeles, CA (USA). 124 pp. - via World Register of Introduced Marine Species (WRiMS)
Price, W. (2001). World list of Mysidacea. - via World Register of Introduced Marine Species (WRiMS)
International Commission on Zoological Nomenclature. Opinion 592 Rejection of Bertrand, 1763, Dictionnaire Universel des Fossiles Propres et des Fossiles Accidentels.Bulletin of Zoological Nomenclature 18(2), 114-120 (1961) - via Official Lists and Indexes of Names in Zoology
Martin, Joel W., and George E. Davis, 2001: An Updated Classification of the Recent Crustacea. Natural History Museum of Los Angeles, Science Series 39. 124. - via Integrated Taxonomic Information System (ITIS)
Bowman, Thomas E., and Lawrence G. Abele / Lawrence G. Abele, ed. / Dorothy E. Bliss, ed.-in-chief, 1982: Chapter 1: Classification of the Recent Crustacea. The Biology of Crustacea, vol. 1: Systematics, the Fossil Record, and Biogeography. 1-27. - via Integrated Taxonomic Information System (ITIS)
Brusca, R.C.; Brusca, G.J. (1990). Invertebrates. Sinauer Associates: Sunderland, MA (USA). ISBN 0-87893-098-1. 922 pp. - via World Register of Marine Species
Martin, J.W., & Davis, G.E. (2001). An updated classification of the recent Crustacea. Science Series, 39. Natural History Museum of Los Angeles County. Los Angeles, CA (USA). 124 pp. - via World Register of Marine Species
Price, W. (2001). World list of Mysidacea. - via World Register of Marine Species
Data courtesy of: PBDB: The Paleobiology Database, Creative Commons CC-BY licenced. , GBIF: the Global Biodiversity Information Facility, various licences, iDigBio, various licences, and EOL: The Encyclopedia of Life (Open Data Public Domain). Because fossils are made of minerals too!
 
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