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Stenolaemata

Description

Stenolaemata are a class of marine bryozoans. This class originated in the Ordovician, and members still live today. All extant species are in the order Cyclostomatida.


Source Data
SourceIDLink
Global Biodiversity Information Facility ID (GBIF)226https://www.gbif.org/species/226
PaleoBioDB ID (PBDB)24774https://paleobiodb.org/classic/checkTaxonInfo?taxon_no=24774
Rankclass
Taxonomy (GBIF,PBDB)Life : Animalia : Bryozoa : Stenolaemata
Taxonomic Status (GBIF)accepted
Classification
RankNameAuthor
kingdomAnimaliaLinnaeus 1758
Bilateria
EubilateriaAx 1987
ProtostomiaGrobben 1908
Spiralia
Polyzoa
phylumBryozoaEhrenberg 1831
classStenolaemataBorg 1926
Unranked entries are considered an unranked clade in modern classifications. Ranks may be repeated or presented in the wrong order because authors may disagree about how to rank taxa.
Scientific NameStenolaemata
Status (PBDB)extant
Taxon Size (PBDB)3,343
Extant Size (PBDB)115 (3.4%)
First Recorded Appearance485 - 478 Ma
Paleozoic
Motilitystationary, attached
Visionblind
Dietsuspension feeder
Taphonomylow Mg calcite
Primary Reference (PBDB)J. J. Sepkoski, Jr. 2002. A compendium of fossil marine animal genera. Bulletins of American Paleontology 363:1-560
Common Name(s) Narrow Throat Bryozoans, Stenolaemates, Stenostomates
Wikipediahttps://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Stenolaemata

External Images

Fossil Distribution

Subtaxa

NameStatusCommon Name(s)Fossil OccurrencesOldestYoungest
Cryptostomida
order
accepted491470 Ma
Middle Ordovician
252 Ma
Permian
Cyclostomatida
order
accepted74136 Ma
Early Cretaceous
0 Ma
Extant
Cystoporida
order
accepted1,980472 Ma
Early Ordovician
61.6 Ma
Paleocene
Fenestrida
order
accepted4,616461 Ma
Middle Ordovician
72.1 Ma
Late Cretaceous
Trepostomatida
order
accepted3,812485 Ma
Cambrian
145 Ma
Late Jurassic
Arcticoporidae
family
accepted6247 Ma
Early Triassic
209 Ma
Late Triassic
Cavidae
family
accepted12170 Ma
Middle Jurassic
7.25 Ma
Miocene
Constellariidae
family
accepted25468 Ma
Middle Ordovician
423 Ma
Silurian
Fascigeridae
family
accepted0
Girtyoporidae
family
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Hederellidae
family
accepted99450 Ma
Late Ordovician
269 Ma
Permian
Medvedkellidae
family
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Phragmoporidae
family
accepted9485 Ma
Cambrian
450 Ma
Late Ordovician
Ptilodictyonidae
family
accepted259470 Ma
Middle Ordovician
384 Ma
Middle Devonian
Reptariidae
family
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Rhabdomesontidae
family
accepted8466 Ma
Middle Ordovician
323 Ma
Carboniferous
Rhinidictyonidae
family
accepted0
Semicosciniumidae
family
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Acanthoceramoporella
genus
accepted2446 Ma
Late Ordovician
443 Ma
Silurian
Acrogenia
genus
accepted3388 Ma
Middle Devonian
383 Ma
Late Devonian
Actinotrypella
genus
accepted2290 Ma
Permian
269 Ma
Permian
Aluverina
genus
accepted0
Arborocladia
genus
accepted0
Athrophragma
genus
accepted4468 Ma
Middle Ordovician
450 Ma
Late Ordovician
Australopolypora
genus
accepted3331 Ma
Carboniferous
272 Ma
Permian
Bactropora
genus
accepted0
Bigeyella
genus
accepted2393 Ma
Early Devonian
376 Ma
Late Devonian
Buskopora
genus
accepted4427 Ma
Silurian
388 Ma
Middle Devonian
Bythotrypa
genus
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Callocladia
genus
accepted7423 Ma
Silurian
323 Ma
Carboniferous
Calopora
genus
accepted7461 Ma
Middle Ordovician
450 Ma
Late Ordovician
Canutrypa
genus
accepted3393 Ma
Early Devonian
376 Ma
Late Devonian
Carinophylloporina
genus
accepted0
Ceramella
genus
accepted5388 Ma
Middle Devonian
383 Ma
Late Devonian
Cervella
genus
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Chainodictyon
genus
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Chazydictya
genus
accepted37468 Ma
Middle Ordovician
450 Ma
Late Ordovician
Crassaluna
genus
accepted0
Cuffeyella
genus
accepted0
Cystitrypa
genus
accepted1237 Ma
Middle Triassic
228 Ma
Late Triassic
Duncanoclema
genus
accepted0
Enallopora
genus
accepted10461 Ma
Middle Ordovician
443 Ma
Silurian
Esthonioporina
genus
accepted61485 Ma
Cambrian
265 Ma
Permian
Euspilopora
genus
accepted4388 Ma
Middle Devonian
383 Ma
Late Devonian
Fenesteverta
genus
accepted1331 Ma
Carboniferous
323 Ma
Carboniferous
Fenestralia
genus
accepted6345 Ma
Carboniferous
307 Ma
Carboniferous
Fenestrapora
genus
accepted4408 Ma
Early Devonian
383 Ma
Late Devonian
Filihernodia
genus
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Filites
genus
accepted12393 Ma
Early Devonian
269 Ma
Permian
Goldfussitrypa
genus
accepted0
Helicopora
genus
accepted0
Hemiulrichostylus
genus
accepted0
Jifarahpora
genus
accepted1450 Ma
Late Ordovician
444 Ma
Silurian
Kasakhstanella
genus
accepted0
Loculipora
genus
accepted38443 Ma
Silurian
326 Ma
Carboniferous
Mirifenestella
genus
accepted0
Nekhorosheviella
genus
accepted4485 Ma
Cambrian
478 Ma
Early Ordovician
Nemacanthopora
genus
accepted0
Oanduella
genus
accepted2468 Ma
Middle Ordovician
450 Ma
Late Ordovician
Orbiramus
genus
accepted6485 Ma
Cambrian
478 Ma
Early Ordovician
Ottoseetaxis
genus
accepted11468 Ma
Middle Ordovician
450 Ma
Late Ordovician
Pakridictya
genus
accepted0
Papillalunaria
genus
accepted0
Parachasmatopora
genus
accepted2445 Ma
Late Ordovician
433 Ma
Silurian
Phragmophera
genus
accepted1290 Ma
Permian
279 Ma
Permian
Pinnatopora
genus
accepted5359 Ma
Late Devonian
279 Ma
Permian
Pseudocyrtopora
genus
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Pteropora
genus
accepted2446 Ma
Late Ordovician
444 Ma
Silurian
Ptiloporina
genus
accepted0
Pywackia
genus
accepted1541 Ma
Cambrian
485 Ma
Cambrian
Ralfina
genus
accepted2450 Ma
Late Ordovician
444 Ma
Silurian
Ralfinella
genus
accepted4461 Ma
Middle Ordovician
443 Ma
Silurian
Ramiporalia
genus
accepted2359 Ma
Late Devonian
354 Ma
Carboniferous
Reptelea
genus
accepted0
Reptocavea
genus
accepted6145 Ma
Late Jurassic
130 Ma
Early Cretaceous
Reteporina
genus
accepted10431 Ma
Silurian
383 Ma
Late Devonian
Rhinopora
genus
accepted22443 Ma
Silurian
427 Ma
Silurian
Rosacilla
genus
accepted0
Scalaripora
genus
accepted0
Semiopora
genus
accepted0
Sibiredictya
genus
accepted0
Speotrypa
genus
accepted2388 Ma
Middle Devonian
383 Ma
Late Devonian
Sphragiopora
genus
accepted0
Spirentalophora
genus
accepted6136 Ma
Early Cretaceous
130 Ma
Early Cretaceous
Stictoporellina
genus
accepted3461 Ma
Middle Ordovician
446 Ma
Late Ordovician
Strebloplax
genus
accepted2331 Ma
Carboniferous
323 Ma
Carboniferous
Strotopora
genus
accepted0
Syringoclemis
genus
accepted53296 Ma
Permian
272 Ma
Permian
Taeniodictya
genus
accepted9345 Ma
Carboniferous
343 Ma
Carboniferous
Thamnotrypa
genus
accepted0
Trepostomina
genus
accepted0
Trigonodictya
genus
accepted26461 Ma
Middle Ordovician
439 Ma
Silurian
Volgia
genus
accepted0
Worthenopora
genus
accepted14354 Ma
Carboniferous
336 Ma
Carboniferous
Xenotrypa
genus
accepted2464 Ma
Middle Ordovician
461 Ma
Middle Ordovician
Mecyonoecia gracilis
species
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Mecyonoecia robusta
species
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Streblotrya multipora
species
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB

Unlinked PBDB sub-entries

NameStatusFossil OccurrencesExtantOldestYoungest
Cyclostomata
order
Not linked to GBIF1,899extant470 Ma
Middle Ordovician
0.01 Ma
Pleistocene
Cystoporata
order
Not linked to GBIF495extinct479 Ma
Early Ordovician
228 Ma
Late Triassic
Trepostomida
order
Not linked to GBIF2,851extinct485 Ma
Cambrian
0.01 Ma
Pleistocene
Fenestrata
order
Not linked to GBIF667extinct470 Ma
Middle Ordovician
61.7 Ma
Paleocene
Rhabdomesida
order
Not linked to GBIF1,105extinct458 Ma
Late Ordovician
209 Ma
Late Triassic
Tubuliporata
order
Not linked to GBIF0extant
Fenestrata
order
Not linked to GBIF241extinct470 Ma
Middle Ordovician
393 Ma
Early Devonian
Palaeostomata
superorder
Not linked to GBIF2,177extinct485 Ma
Cambrian
85.8 Ma
Late Cretaceous

Synonymy List

YearName and Author
1926Stenolaemata Borg
1987Stenolaemata Boardman and Cheetham p. 506
1997Stenolaemata Lee et al.
1998Stenolaemata Zrzavy et al.
2002Stenolaemata Sepkoski, Jr.
2009Stenolaemata Jimenez Sanchez
2011Stenolaemata Koromyslova
2012Stenolaemata Ernst and Nakrem
2014Stenolaemata Ernst et al.
2015Stenolaemata Ernst et al.

References

Sepkoski, Jr. J. J. (2002) A compendium of fossil marine animal genera, Bulletins of American Paleontology 363, 1-560
Boardman R. S., Cheetham A. H. (1987) Phylum Bryozoa, Fossil Invertebrates, 497-549
Lee D. E., Scholz J., et al (1997) Paleoecology of a Late Eocene Mobile Rockground Biota from North Otago, New Zealand, Palaios 12 6, 568-581 doi:10.2307/3515412
Zrzavy J., Mihulka S., et al (1998) Phylogeny of the Metazoa based on morphological and 18S ribosomal DNA evidence, Cladistics 14, 249-285
Jimenez Sanchez A. (2009) The upper Katian (Ordovician) bryozoans from the Eastern Iberian Chains (NE Spain), Bulletin of Geosciences 84 4, 687-738
Koromyslova A.V. (2011) Bryozoans of the Latorp and Volkhov Horizons (Lower–Middle Ordovician) of the Leningrad Region, Paleontological Journal 45 8, 887-980 doi:10.1134/S0031030111080028
Ernst A., Nakrem H. A. (2012) Late Ordovician (Sandbian) bryozoans and their depositional environment, Furuberget Formation, Mjøsa District, Oslo Region, Norway, Bulletin of Geosciences 87 1, 21-44
Ernst A., Kraft P., et al (2014) Trepostome bryozoans from the Zahorany Formation (Upper Ordovician) of Lodenice, Prague Basin, Czech Republic, Palaeontologische Zeitschrift 88, 11-26 doi:10.1007/s12542-013-0183-3
Ernst A., Jiménez-Sánchez A., et al (2015) Bryozoan fauna of the Upper Ordovician (Katian) of Alnif, Morocco, Senckenberg Gesellschaft fur Naturforschung and Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 2015
Parker, S.P. (ed). (1982). Synopsis and Classification of Living Organisms. McGraw-Hill, New York. 2 volumes. - via The Interim Register of Marine and Nonmarine Genera
Gärdenfors, Ulf, Hall, Ragnar, Hallingbäck, Tomas, Hansson, Hans G. & Hedström, Lars (2003) Djur, svampar och växter i Sverige 2003. Förteckning över antal arter per familj. ArtDatabanken Rapporterar 5, ArtDatabanken, Uppsala. (reviderad excelfil med svenska djurfamiljer). - via Dyntaxa. Svensk taxonomisk databas
Margulis, L.; Schwartz, K.V. (1982). Five Kingdoms : an illustrated guide to the phyla of life on earth. Second edition. Freeman. - via World Register of Marine Species
Margulis, L.; Schwartz, K.V. (1998). Five Kingdoms: an illustrated guide to the Phyla of life on earth. 3rd edition. Freeman: New York, NY (USA). ISBN 0-7167-3027-8. xx, 520 pp. - via World Register of Marine Species
Data courtesy of: PBDB: The Paleobiology Database, Creative Commons CC-BY licenced. , GBIF: the Global Biodiversity Information Facility, various licences, iDigBio, various licences, and EOL: The Encyclopedia of Life (Open Data Public Domain). Because fossils are made of minerals too!
 
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