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Insecta

Description

Insects or Insecta (from Latin insectum) are hexapod invertebrates and the largest group within the arthropod phylum. Definitions and circumscriptions vary; usually, insects comprise a class within the Arthropoda. As used here, the term Insecta is synonymous with Ectognatha. Insects have a chitinous exoskeleton, a three-part body (head, thorax and abdomen), three pairs of jointed legs, compound eyes and one pair of antennae. Insects are the most diverse group of animals; they include more than a million described species and represent more than half of all known living organisms. The total number of extant species is estimated at between six and ten million; potentially over 90% of the animal life forms on Earth are insects. Insects may be found in nearly all environments, although only a small number of species reside in the oceans, which are dominated by another arthropod group, crustaceans.


Source Data
SourceIDLink
Global Biodiversity Information Facility ID (GBIF)216https://www.gbif.org/species/216
PaleoBioDB ID (PBDB)56637https://paleobiodb.org/classic/checkTaxonInfo?taxon_no=56637
Rankclass
Taxonomy (GBIF,PBDB)Life : Animalia : Arthropoda : Insecta
Taxonomic Status (GBIF)accepted
Classification
RankNameAuthor
kingdomAnimaliaLinnaeus 1758
Bilateria
EubilateriaAx 1987
ProtostomiaGrobben 1908
Ecdysozoa
Panarthropoda
phylumArthropodaLatreille 1829
subphylumMandibulata
Pancrustacea
superclassHexapodaLatreille 1825
CercofilataKukalová-Peck 1987
classInsectaLinnaeus 1758
Unranked entries are considered an unranked clade in modern classifications. Ranks may be repeated or presented in the wrong order because authors may disagree about how to rank taxa.
Scientific NameInsecta
Status (PBDB)extant
Taxon Size (PBDB)45,573
Extant Size (PBDB)9,412 (21%)
First Recorded Appearance372 - 359 Ma
Late Devonian
Environmentterrestrial
Motilityactively mobile (based on Arthropoda)
Taphonomychitin
Primary Reference (PBDB)C. Linnaeus. 1758. Systema Naturae per Regna Tria Naturae, Secundum Classes, Ordines, Genera, Species, cum Characteribus, Differentiis, Synonymis, Locis. Editio Decima 1:1-824
Common Name(s) Insects, Insect
Wikipediahttps://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Insecta

External Images

Fossil Distribution

Subtaxa

NameStatusCommon Name(s)Fossil OccurrencesOldestYoungest
Archaeognatha
order
acceptedJumping Bristletails79311 Ma
Carboniferous
0 Ma
Extant
Blattodea
order
acceptedCockroach1,679323 Ma
Carboniferous
0 Ma
Extant
Caloneurodea
order
accepted83318 Ma
Carboniferous
254 Ma
Permian
Cnemidolestodea
order
accepted188315 Ma
Carboniferous
157 Ma
Jurassic
Coleoptera
order
acceptedBeetle13,295299 Ma
Carboniferous
0 Ma
Extant
Dermaptera
order
acceptedEarwig171228 Ma
Late Triassic
0 Ma
Extant
Diaphanopterodea
order
accepted111318 Ma
Carboniferous
269 Ma
Permian
Diptera
order
acceptedFly7,649247 Ma
Early Triassic
0 Ma
Extant
Embioptera
order
acceptedWebspinners23260 Ma
Permian
0 Ma
Extant
Eoblattida
order
accepted313318 Ma
Carboniferous
157 Ma
Jurassic
Ephemeroptera
order
acceptedMayfly407290 Ma
Permian
0 Ma
Extant
Glosselytrodea
order
accepted63279 Ma
Permian
166 Ma
Middle Jurassic
Grylloblattodea
order
acceptedIce Crawler170315 Ma
Carboniferous
0 Ma
Extant
Hemiptera
order
acceptedTrue Bug5,016318 Ma
Carboniferous
0 Ma
Extant
Hymenoptera
order
accepted5,494237 Ma
Middle Triassic
0 Ma
Extant
Hypoperlida
order
accepted25280 Ma
Permian
254 Ma
Permian
Lepidoptera
order
acceptedMoth350209 Ma
Late Triassic
0 Ma
Extant
Mantodea
order
acceptedMantis58152 Ma
Late Jurassic
0 Ma
Extant
Mantophasmatodea
order
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Mecoptera
order
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Megaloptera
order
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Meganisoptera
order
acceptedGriffinfly98323 Ma
Carboniferous
228 Ma
Late Triassic
Megasecoptera
order
accepted146323 Ma
Carboniferous
252 Ma
Permian
Miomoptera
order
accepted112311 Ma
Carboniferous
228 Ma
Late Triassic
Neuroptera
order
acceptedLacewing1,175296 Ma
Permian
0 Ma
Extant
Odonata
order
acceptedDragonfly1,475237 Ma
Middle Triassic
0 Ma
Extant
Orthoptera
order
acceptedGrasshopper1,600318 Ma
Carboniferous
0 Ma
Extant
Palaeodictyoptera
order
accepted357326 Ma
Carboniferous
254 Ma
Permian
Paoliida
order
accepted180318 Ma
Carboniferous
252 Ma
Permian
Phasmida
order
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Plecoptera
order
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Protocoleoptera
order
accepted285299 Ma
Carboniferous
93.9 Ma
Late Cretaceous
Protorthoptera
order
accepted113318 Ma
Carboniferous
242 Ma
Middle Triassic
Psocodea
order
acceptedBark Louse237201 Ma
Early Jurassic
0 Ma
Extant
Raphidioptera
order
acceptedSnakefly207279 Ma
Permian
0 Ma
Extant
Reculoidea
order
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Siphonaptera
order
acceptedFlea22166 Ma
Middle Jurassic
0 Ma
Extant
Strepsiptera
order
acceptedTwisted-winged Parasite46105 Ma
Early Cretaceous
0 Ma
Extant
Thysanoptera
order
acceptedThrips301279 Ma
Permian
0 Ma
Extant
Titanoptera
order
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Trichoptera
order
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Zoraptera
order
accepted19113 Ma
Early Cretaceous
0 Ma
Extant
Zygentoma
order
acceptedSilverfish32122 Ma
Early Cretaceous
0 Ma
Extant
Abrocomophagidae
family
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Acaridiae
family
accepted00 Ma
Extant
Aerophasmatidae
family
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Aerophasmidae
family
accepted14197 Ma
Early Jurassic
89.8 Ma
Late Cretaceous
Aeroplanidae
family
accepted4237 Ma
Middle Triassic
209 Ma
Late Triassic
Aethiocarenidae
family
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Alienopteridae
family
accepted18122 Ma
Early Cretaceous
46.2 Ma
Eocene
Ampelipteridae
family
accepted9318 Ma
Carboniferous
269 Ma
Permian
Apheloneuridae
family
accepted4290 Ma
Permian
272 Ma
Permian
Archipanorpidae
family
accepted1228 Ma
Late Triassic
209 Ma
Late Triassic
Archipseudophasmatidae
family
accepted7199.6 Ma
Late Cretaceous
33.9 Ma
Oligocene
Archipsyllidae
family
accepted19272 Ma
Permian
93.5 Ma
Late Cretaceous
Argentinalidae
family
accepted1323 Ma
Carboniferous
315 Ma
Carboniferous
Asiuropidae
family
accepted1279 Ma
Permian
272 Ma
Permian
Avioxyelidae
family
accepted1315 Ma
Carboniferous
307 Ma
Carboniferous
Bacteriidae
family
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Bardocoleidae
family
accepted4279 Ma
Permian
272 Ma
Permian
Baryshnyalidae
family
accepted1318 Ma
Carboniferous
315 Ma
Carboniferous
Bechlyidae
family
accepted1311 Ma
Carboniferous
307 Ma
Carboniferous
Boltonocostidae
family
accepted2315 Ma
Carboniferous
311 Ma
Carboniferous
Bovicolidae
family
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Brachyphyllophagidae
family
accepted2166 Ma
Middle Jurassic
157 Ma
Jurassic
Camptotaxineuridae
family
accepted1290 Ma
Permian
279 Ma
Permian
Campylopteridae
family
accepted1304 Ma
Carboniferous
299 Ma
Carboniferous
Cheliphlebidae
family
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Choristosialidae
family
accepted1290 Ma
Permian
279 Ma
Permian
Chresmodidae
family
accepted29166 Ma
Middle Jurassic
93.5 Ma
Late Cretaceous
Cretereismatidae
family
accepted0
Cretophasmatidae
family
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Cyphoneuridae
family
accepted0
Dolabellapsocidae
family
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Erasipteridae
family
accepted9318 Ma
Carboniferous
307 Ma
Carboniferous
Eugeropteridae
family
accepted2323 Ma
Carboniferous
315 Ma
Carboniferous
Gallophasmatidae
family
accepted155.8 Ma
Eocene
48.6 Ma
Eocene
Gelasopteridae
family
accepted1290 Ma
Permian
279 Ma
Permian
Geropteridae
family
accepted1323 Ma
Carboniferous
315 Ma
Carboniferous
Haemotopinidae
family
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Hemizygopteridae
family
accepted5290 Ma
Permian
265 Ma
Permian
Heptapsogasteridae
family
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Huangiopteridae
family
accepted2279 Ma
Permian
272 Ma
Permian
Hydracnellae
family
accepted00 Ma
Extant
Kirchneralidae
family
accepted1323 Ma
Carboniferous
315 Ma
Carboniferous
Kliveriidae
family
accepted1315 Ma
Carboniferous
311 Ma
Carboniferous
Lapeyriidae
family
accepted1279 Ma
Permian
272 Ma
Permian
Lepismenae
family
acceptedSilverfish00 Ma
Extant
Lithoneuridae
family
accepted0
Lodeviidae
family
accepted2290 Ma
Permian
272 Ma
Permian
Lonchodidae
family
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Lophioneuridae
family
accepted43290 Ma
Permian
83.5 Ma
Late Cretaceous
Luiseiidae
family
accepted1299 Ma
Carboniferous
296 Ma
Permian
Mantoblattidae
family
accepted199.6 Ma
Late Cretaceous
93.5 Ma
Late Cretaceous
Martynopsocidae
family
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Mickoleitiidae
family
accepted3164 Ma
Middle Jurassic
112 Ma
Early Cretaceous
Microptysmatidae
family
accepted38296 Ma
Permian
252 Ma
Permian
Miracopteridae
family
accepted2279 Ma
Permian
272 Ma
Permian
Mixotermitidae
family
accepted1311 Ma
Carboniferous
307 Ma
Carboniferous
Montanuraliidae
family
accepted1279 Ma
Permian
272 Ma
Permian
Necrophasmatidae
family
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Necrosciidae
family
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Neoblattariae
family
accepted2145 Ma
Late Jurassic
0 Ma
Extant
Oboraneuridae
family
accepted1296 Ma
Permian
290 Ma
Permian
Omalidae
family
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Pachymorphidae
family
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Palaeoblattariae
family
accepted80315 Ma
Carboniferous
0 Ma
Extant
Palaexovoididae
family
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Palophidae
family
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Paurophlebiidae
family
accepted16237 Ma
Middle Triassic
228 Ma
Late Triassic
Perielytridae
family
accepted1280 Ma
Permian
273 Ma
Permian
Permagriidae
family
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Permelytridae
family
accepted24296 Ma
Permian
279 Ma
Permian
Permetatoridae
family
accepted1279 Ma
Permian
272 Ma
Permian
Permophasmatidae
family
accepted5279 Ma
Permian
254 Ma
Permian
Permophlebiidae
family
accepted1272 Ma
Permian
265 Ma
Permian
Permopsocidae
family
accepted19290 Ma
Permian
279 Ma
Permian
Permostridulidae
family
accepted3279 Ma
Permian
272 Ma
Permian
Phalangita
family
accepted00 Ma
Extant
Pholidoptilidae
family
accepted1272 Ma
Permian
269 Ma
Permian
Phthiridae
family
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Planelytridae
family
accepted1296 Ma
Permian
290 Ma
Permian
Podurellae
family
accepted238.0 Ma
Eocene
0 Ma
Extant
Prionoglaridae
family
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Prochresmodidae
family
accepted11247 Ma
Early Triassic
228 Ma
Late Triassic
Protelytridae
family
accepted13305 Ma
Carboniferous
279 Ma
Permian
Psocidiidae
family
accepted34299 Ma
Carboniferous
182 Ma
Early Jurassic
Psoquilidae
family
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Riciniae
family
accepted00 Ma
Extant
Saurodectidae
family
accepted1125 Ma
Early Cretaceous
113 Ma
Early Cretaceous
Saxonagrionidae
family
accepted1279 Ma
Permian
272 Ma
Permian
Scorpionides
family
accepted00 Ma
Extant
Sinotriadophlebiidae
family
accepted1237 Ma
Middle Triassic
228 Ma
Late Triassic
Srokalarvidae
family
accepted1311 Ma
Carboniferous
307 Ma
Carboniferous
Stephanastidae
family
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Stereochoristidae
family
accepted1228 Ma
Late Triassic
209 Ma
Late Triassic
Surijokopsocidae
family
accepted1269 Ma
Permian
265 Ma
Permian
Susumaniidae
family
accepted29166 Ma
Middle Jurassic
56.8 Ma
Paleocene
Tarachocelidae
family
accepted1399.6 Ma
Late Cretaceous
93.5 Ma
Late Cretaceous
Thyrsophoridae
family
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Trachopterygidae
family
accepted1290 Ma
Permian
279 Ma
Permian
Triadotypidae
family
accepted8247 Ma
Early Triassic
228 Ma
Late Triassic
Tshekarcephalidae
family
accepted3279 Ma
Permian
269 Ma
Permian
Tshekarchiereidae
family
accepted1279 Ma
Permian
272 Ma
Permian
Uninervidae
family
accepted3260 Ma
Permian
191 Ma
Early Jurassic
Voltzialestidae
family
accepted6279 Ma
Permian
228 Ma
Late Triassic
Westphalopsocidae
family
accepted1315 Ma
Carboniferous
307 Ma
Carboniferous
Westphalothripidesidae
family
accepted1315 Ma
Carboniferous
307 Ma
Carboniferous
Xiphopteridae
family
accepted2237 Ma
Middle Triassic
228 Ma
Late Triassic
Zoropsocidae
family
accepted0
Zygopsocidae
family
accepted2254 Ma
Permian
252 Ma
Permian
Acronirmus
genus
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Aetophlebiopsis
genus
accepted1280 Ma
Permian
273 Ma
Permian
Anthracocorides
genus
accepted1315 Ma
Carboniferous
311 Ma
Carboniferous
Archicarabides
genus
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Arrhinotermes
genus
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Aseripterella
genus
accepted1315 Ma
Carboniferous
311 Ma
Carboniferous
Atelopteron
genus
accepted0
Bethouxia
genus
accepted1279 Ma
Permian
272 Ma
Permian
Bifurculapes
genus
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Bruayaphis
genus
accepted1315 Ma
Carboniferous
307 Ma
Carboniferous
Carbonympha
genus
accepted1311 Ma
Carboniferous
307 Ma
Carboniferous
Cavalarva
genus
accepted2279 Ma
Permian
272 Ma
Permian
Celliforma
genus
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Cercopyllis
genus
accepted3299 Ma
Carboniferous
296 Ma
Permian
Cochliophylax
genus
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Conopsoides
genus
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Controversala
genus
accepted1315 Ma
Carboniferous
307 Ma
Carboniferous
Crasselytron
genus
accepted1296 Ma
Permian
290 Ma
Permian
Cretereisma
genus
accepted7122 Ma
Early Cretaceous
112 Ma
Early Cretaceous
Cricolia
genus
accepted1183 Ma
Early Jurassic
182 Ma
Early Jurassic
Curvilarva
genus
accepted1279 Ma
Permian
272 Ma
Permian
Dictyocicada
genus
accepted2304 Ma
Carboniferous
299 Ma
Carboniferous
Dytiscomorphus
genus
accepted1315 Ma
Carboniferous
311 Ma
Carboniferous
Elasmophasma
genus
accepted199.6 Ma
Late Cretaceous
93.5 Ma
Late Cretaceous
Electrotimema
genus
accepted138.0 Ma
Eocene
33.9 Ma
Oligocene
Eoprephasma
genus
accepted256.0 Ma
Paleocene
47.8 Ma
Eocene
Fangumellus
genus
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Forfexala
genus
accepted2311 Ma
Carboniferous
307 Ma
Carboniferous
Frenguelliphlebia
genus
accepted1237 Ma
Middle Triassic
228 Ma
Late Triassic
Grammepus
genus
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Griphologus
genus
accepted1152 Ma
Late Jurassic
145 Ma
Late Jurassic
Havilanditermes
genus
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Insectichnus
genus
accepted0
Kargalotypus
genus
accepted1265 Ma
Permian
260 Ma
Permian
Kounicia
genus
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Kustia
genus
accepted1315 Ma
Carboniferous
311 Ma
Carboniferous
Leenurina
genus
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Lithographus
genus
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Lodevolongzhua
genus
accepted1290 Ma
Permian
279 Ma
Permian
Microcarrizo
genus
accepted2299 Ma
Carboniferous
296 Ma
Permian
Mogsonus
genus
accepted1164 Ma
Middle Jurassic
152 Ma
Late Jurassic
Neurostena
genus
accepted1304 Ma
Carboniferous
299 Ma
Carboniferous
Omaliella
genus
accepted2315 Ma
Carboniferous
315 Ma
Carboniferous
Palaeodictyopteron
genus
accepted0
Palaeotermes
genus
accepted1201 Ma
Early Jurassic
197 Ma
Early Jurassic
Paracridites
genus
accepted1315 Ma
Carboniferous
311 Ma
Carboniferous
Paralongzhua
genus
accepted1290 Ma
Permian
279 Ma
Permian
Parempheria
genus
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Permichnium
genus
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Phthanocoris
genus
accepted1306 Ma
Carboniferous
303 Ma
Carboniferous
Phytophtirites
genus
accepted111.6 Ma
Miocene
7.25 Ma
Miocene
Planocephalus
genus
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Pseudoacridites
genus
accepted1311 Ma
Carboniferous
307 Ma
Carboniferous
Pseudochauliodites
genus
accepted1237 Ma
Middle Triassic
228 Ma
Late Triassic
Pseudojantaropterix
genus
accepted2130 Ma
Early Cretaceous
125 Ma
Early Cretaceous
Pseudotermes
genus
accepted1307 Ma
Carboniferous
299 Ma
Carboniferous
Pterichnus
genus
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Pteronepionites
genus
accepted2315 Ma
Carboniferous
315 Ma
Carboniferous
Rambouskia
genus
accepted199.6 Ma
Late Cretaceous
93.5 Ma
Late Cretaceous
Raptoblatta
genus
accepted1122 Ma
Early Cretaceous
112 Ma
Early Cretaceous
Rhyncothura
genus
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Rhyniella
genus
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Rugelytron
genus
accepted1296 Ma
Permian
290 Ma
Permian
Seirolarva
genus
accepted1228 Ma
Late Triassic
201 Ma
Early Jurassic
Sinogerarus
genus
accepted1315 Ma
Carboniferous
311 Ma
Carboniferous
Strudiella
genus
accepted1372 Ma
Late Devonian
359 Ma
Late Devonian
Sumixam
genus
accepted1311 Ma
Carboniferous
307 Ma
Carboniferous
Sylphalula
genus
accepted1315 Ma
Carboniferous
311 Ma
Carboniferous
Taotieichnus
genus
accepted1201 Ma
Early Jurassic
199 Ma
Early Jurassic
Termitidiopsis
genus
accepted1307 Ma
Carboniferous
299 Ma
Carboniferous
Tillyardites
genus
accepted1254 Ma
Permian
252 Ma
Permian
Tomeferusa
genus
accepted1183 Ma
Early Jurassic
182 Ma
Early Jurassic
Triadochorista
genus
accepted2242 Ma
Middle Triassic
228 Ma
Late Triassic
Triassologus
genus
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Trimerocephalium
genus
accepted1183 Ma
Early Jurassic
182 Ma
Early Jurassic
Troglobius
genus
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Tshekardaenigma
genus
accepted1279 Ma
Permian
272 Ma
Permian
Venelytron
genus
accepted1296 Ma
Permian
290 Ma
Permian
Xylokrypta
genus
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Acalloblattina richmondiana
species
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Acrestrichites scapulicornis
species
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Amagopsyche perlata
species
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Anhydrophibus brodiei
species
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Aphrophara protocalla
species
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Apolosoma tenerum
species
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Archaeocompsoneura superba
species
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Archaeolopus falcatus
species
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Baedasymyia dominicana
species
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Cardiphorus exhumatus
species
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Cardiphorus lithographus
species
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Cardiphorus requiescens
species
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Cim cunsitans
species
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Cir turca
species
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Cira rutilans
species
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Coelida wyomingensis
species
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Dicranomya primitiva
species
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Dieconura arcuata
species
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Dieconura rigida
species
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Dipeltis diploidiscus
species
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Dityopsis packardi
species
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Dityopsis scudderi
species
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Dolophicus praemissis
species
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Eliarus quadristicus
species
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Graeophonus carbonarius
species
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Hadotermes eocenicus
species
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Handentomus americanum
species
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Haplolibethra tuberculata
species
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Hybius rohweri
species
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Lavenshina elegantula
species
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Libellulepis wilmattae
species
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Libethroides inusitata
species
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Locustopris lacoei
species
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Megacercopsis optima
species
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Metopoblatta microptera
species
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Miophenalia cilipes
species
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Nomizomene cretacea
species
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Ochliridia lineata
species
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Paleotaxnus vetus
species
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Patrochus henshawi
species
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Phryganaea nigripennis
species
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Phygadenon petrifactellus
species
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Propolynoe laccoei
species
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Protoedalis brachystoma
species
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Protophtheria atra
species
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Red 4-guttatus
species
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Red attelaboides
species
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Red collaris
species
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Red maculatus
species
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Red marginatus
species
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Red varius
species
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Rhapidiopsis diversipenna
species
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Sitonia paginarum
species
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Spliomastax oligoneurus
species
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Thaumastocladuis simplex
species
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB

Unlinked PBDB sub-entries

NameStatusFossil OccurrencesExtantOldestYoungest
Plecopteroidea
superfamily
Not linked to GBIF0
Thomsonia
genus
Not linked to GBIF0extant
Corrodentia
order
Not linked to GBIF0extinct
Permodictyoptera
order
Not linked to GBIF0extinct
Apterygota
subclass
Not linked to GBIF0extant
Neuropteroidea
order
Not linked to GBIF0extinct
Plecopterodea
superorder
Not linked to GBIF0extant
Oligometabola
unranked clade
Not linked to GBIF0extant
Planocephalus
genus
Not linked to GBIF1extinct37.2 Ma
Eocene
33.9 Ma
Oligocene
Lepismatona
subclass
Not linked to GBIF2extant299 Ma
Carboniferous
296 Ma
Permian
Dicondylia
unranked clade
Not linked to GBIF46,564extant372 Ma
Late Devonian
Longipedia
genus
Not linked to GBIF1extinct125 Ma
Early Cretaceous
122 Ma
Early Cretaceous
Glossata
class
Not linked to GBIF0extant
Myriapoda
subclass
Not linked to GBIF0extant
Acera
subclass
Not linked to GBIF0extant
Apterodicera
subclass
Not linked to GBIF0extant
Pterodicera
subclass
Not linked to GBIF0extant
Pterygogenea
class
Not linked to GBIF0extant
Mesophthiridae
family
Not linked to GBIF1extinct99.6 Ma
Late Cretaceous
93.5 Ma
Late Cretaceous

Obsolete Names

NameSourceTaxon RankTaxonomy
Ideloblattidae GBIFfamilyAnimalia : Arthropoda : Insecta : Ideloblattidae

Synonymy List

YearName and Author
1758Insecta Linnaeus p. 13
1775Ulonata Fabricius p. 269
1796Thysanoura Latreille p. 173
1798Ulonata Fabricius p. 183
1798Ulonata Illiger p. 498
1802Insecta Latreille p. 40
1802Thysanoura Latreille p. 69
1804Thysanoura Latreille p. 137
1845Aphis plana Brodie pp. 33, 120 figs. Pl 2, fig 10a-b
1845Termes grandaevus Brodie pp. 33, 119 figs. Pl 2, fig 5
1845Hemerobius higginsi Brodie pp. 71, 102 figs. Pl 9, fig 15
1849Bittacus reticulatus Heer p. 90 figs. Pl 5, fig 11
1854Libellulium kaupii Westwood pp. 387, 395 figs. Pl 17 fig 21
1854Cercopidium schaefferi Westwood pp. 389, 396 figs. Pl 18, fig 5
1856Orthophlebia minuta Giebel p. 260
1856Lygaeites priscus Giebel p. 360
1856Flata haidingeri Giebel p. 371
1856Termes peccanae Massalongo p. 19 figs. Pl 2, figs 5,6
1858Termes grandaevus Hagen p. 181
1865Cyclocoris Heer p. 91
1865Cyclocoris pinguis Heer p. 91 figs. Pl 8, fig 27
1869Tipularia teyleri Weyenbergh pp. 11-12 figs. Pl 1 fig 6
1869Cheilosia dubia Weyenbergh p. 13 figs. Pl 1 fig 3
1869Chrysopa solenhofensis Weyenbergh p. 18 figs. Pl I fig 11, 12
1869Hemerobius fossilis Weyenbergh p. 18 figs. Pl I fig 15
1869Corixa mortua Weyenbergh p. 22 fig. 18
1869Forficularia problematica Weyenbergh pp. 28-29 fig. 26
1869Phaneroptera striata Weyenbergh pp. 29-30 fig. 28
1869Carabus winkleri Weyenbergh pp. 32-33 fig. 56
1869Hydroporus petefractus Weyenbergh pp. 33-34 fig. 54
1869Anisorhynchus lapideus Weyenbergh pp. 39-40 fig. 40
1869Leptura primigenia Weyenbergh p. 40 fig. 33
1870Anthophorites gaudryi Oustalet p. 104 figs. Pl 2, figs 11,13
1874Saperdites cristallosus Weyenbergh p. 85 figs. Pl 3, fig 5
1874Blattaria Weyenbergh p. 86
1874Blattaria dunckeri Weyenbergh p. 86 figs. Pl 3, fig 12
1874Cercopis prisca Weyenbergh p. 86 figs. Pl 3, fig 10
1874Cicada proserpina Weyenbergh p. 86 figs. Pl 3, fig 9
1874Ephemera deposita Weyenbergh p. 86 figs. Pl 3, fig 14
1874Ephemera meyeri Weyenbergh p. 86 figs. Pl 3, fig 13
1874Meloe bavaricus Weyenbergh p. 86 figs. Pl 5, fig 6
1874Termes fossilis Weyenbergh p. 86 figs. Pl 3, fig 15
1876Chauliodites minor Blake p. 426 figs. Pl 16, fig 6
1882Nematus cretaceus Fritsch p. 6 figs. Pl II fig 4-6
1884Nematus cretaceus Fri? p. 205 fig. 79.4
1886Termes peccanae Omboni p. 1426 fig. 7
1888Anisorhynchus lapideus Oppenheim p. 241 figs. Pl 31, fig 7
1890Palaeovelia Scudder p. 349
1897Carabus winkleri Meunier figs. Pl 9, fig 16
1897Corixa mortua Meunier figs. Pl 9, fig 15
1899Mourloniella Meunier p. 125
1899Mourloniella solenhofensis Meunier p. 125 fig. 1
1904Thysanura Börner p. 523
YearName and Author
1906Palaeodictyopteron anglicanum Handlirsch p. 62 figs. Pl VIII fig 16
1906Palaeodictyopteron latipenne Handlirsch p. 63 figs. Pl VIII fig 18
1906Palaeodictyopteron mazonum Handlirsch p. 63 figs. Pl VIII fig 17
1906Palaeodictyopteron virginianum Handlirsch p. 63 figs. Pl VIII fig 19
1906Gyrophlebia Handlirsch p. 129
1906Gyrophlebia longicollis Handlirsch p. 129 figs. Pl XIII fig 13
1906Triadosialis Handlirsch p. 403
1906Palaeodictyopteron latipenne Handlirsch p. 688 fig. 15
1906Palaeodictyopteron mazonum Handlirsch p. 688 fig. 14
1906Palaeodictyopteron virginianum Handlirsch p. 688 fig. 16
1906Gyrophlebia Handlirsch p. 697
1906Gyrophlebia longicollis Handlirsch p. 697 fig. 26
1911Sypharopteroidea Handlirsch
1914Velia bouatia Meunier p. 191 figs. 3; Pl VI fig 3
1919Palaeodictyopteron anglicanum Handlirsch p. 536
1919Palaeodictyopteron latipenne Handlirsch p. 536
1919Palaeodictyopteron mazonum Handlirsch p. 536
1919Palaeodictyopteron virginianum Handlirsch p. 536
1919Gyrophlebia Handlirsch p. 538
1919Gyrophlebia longicollis Handlirsch p. 538
1919Aspidothorax dubius Handlirsch p. 580
1921Gymnopleurus eocaenicus Meunier p. 12 figs. 25-26
1922Gyrophlebia Handlirsch p. 73
1922Gyrophlebia longicollis Handlirsch p. 73
1929Ideloblattidae Zalessky
1932Ideloblattidae Zalessky p. 185
1950Meganeura vischerae Zalessky p. 104 figs. Fig 4; Pl II fig 2-5
1954Mesonotoperla Riek p. 167
1956Idomastotermes Haupt p. 23
1956Idomastotermes mysticus Haupt p. 24 fig. 16
1965Idomastotermes Emerson p. 13
1965Idomastotermes mysticus Emerson p. 13
1976Paroryssus suspectus Lin p. 115 figs. Pl 1 fig 1
1976Anthophorites gaudryi Zeuner and Manning p. 195
1980Paroryssus suspectus Wang p. 153 figs. Pl 70, fig 8
1982Hebeitermes Hong p. 70
1982Hebeitermes weichangensis Hong p. 71 figs. Pl 26, fig 5; text-fig 54
1984Hopeitermes Hong p. 143
1984Hopeitermes weichangensis Hong p. 144
1989Insecta Shoshani et al. p. 435
1989Insecta Zhang
1990Mesorhagiophryne Hong and Wang p. 152
1990Mesorhagiophryne incerta Hong and Wang p. 153 figs. Pl 26, fig 4; text-figs 6.5.153-154
1992Insecta Carpenter
1992Mesonotoperla Carpenter p. 97
1992Gyrophlebia Carpenter p. 132
1993Palaeovelia Nel and Paicheler p. 80
1998Mesorhagiophryne Nagatomi and Yang p. 141
1998Mesorhagiophryne incerta Nagatomi and Yang p. 144 figs. 102, 103
2001Caririephemera Zamboni p. 132
2001Caririephemera marquesi Zamboni p. 132 figs. Pl 2, figs G,H
2005Insecta Martens et al.
2014Insecta Misof et al.

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Yoshizawa,Kazunori,Saigusa,T. (2001) Phylogenetic analysis of paraneopteran orders (Insecta: Neoptera) based on forewing base structure, with comments on monophyly of Auchenorrhyncha (Hemiptera) - via Phthiraptera.info
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Judd,W. W. (1954) Some records of ectoparasitic Acarina and Insecta from mammals in Ontario - via Phthiraptera.info
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Lakshminarayana,K. V. (1982) Notes on the type collection of the chewing-lice (Phthiraptera, Mallophaga S. L., : Insecta) in the zoological survey of India - via Phthiraptera.info
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Serra-Freire,Nicolau Maués da,Valim,Michel Paiva,Raposa,Marcos A. (2006) Associations between chewing lice (Insecta, Phthiraptera) and albatrosses and petrels (Aves, Procellariiformes) collected in Brazil - via Phthiraptera.info
Roger D. Price,Kopij,Grzegorz (2009) Chewing Lice (Insecta: Phithiraptera) from Birds Associated with the Cymbopogon-Themeda Grasslands of the Free State, South Africa - via Phthiraptera.info
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Cicchino,Armando Conrado,Castro,Dolores del Carmen,Baldo,J. C. (2000) Elenco de los Phthiraptera (Insecta) hallados en distintas poblaciones locales de Ctenomys (Rodentia: Octodontidae) de Argentina, Uruguay, Paraguay, Bolivia, y Brasil - via Phthiraptera.info
Moran,N. A.,Baumann,P.,von Dohlen,C. D. (1995) Faster evolutionary rates in endosymbiotic bacteria than in cospeciating insect hosts - via Phthiraptera.info
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Rasnitsyn,Alexander P.,Zherikhin,Vladimir Vasilievich (1999) First fossil chewing louse from the Lower Cretaceous of Baissa, Transbaikalia (Insecta, Pediculida = Phthiriaptera,[sic] Saurodectidae fam. n.) - via Phthiraptera.info
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Ricardo L. Palma,Stranger,R. H. (1998) Lice (Insecta: Phthiraptera) from some Australian birds - via Phthiraptera.info
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Hayward, P.J.; Ryland, J.S. (Ed.). (1990). The marine fauna of the British Isles and North-West Europe: 1. Introduction and protozoans to arthropods. Clarendon Press: Oxford, UK. ISBN 0-19-857356-1. 627 pp. - via World Register of Marine Species
Gärdenfors, Ulf, Hall, Ragnar, Hallingbäck, Tomas, Hansson, Hans G. & Hedström, Lars (2003) Djur, svampar och växter i Sverige 2003. Förteckning över antal arter per familj. ArtDatabanken Rapporterar 5, ArtDatabanken, Uppsala. (reviderad excelfil med svenska djurfamiljer). - via Dyntaxa. Svensk taxonomisk databas
Alroy, J. (2015) Fossilworks. Gateway to the Paleobiology Database. Online: http://fossilworks.org - via Dyntaxa. Svensk taxonomisk databas
Parker, S.P. (ed). (1982). Synopsis and Classification of Living Organisms. McGraw-Hill, New York. 2 volumes. - via The Interim Register of Marine and Nonmarine Genera
Data courtesy of: PBDB: The Paleobiology Database, Creative Commons CC-BY licenced. , GBIF: the Global Biodiversity Information Facility, various licences, iDigBio, various licences, and EOL: The Encyclopedia of Life (Open Data Public Domain). Because fossils are made of minerals too!
 
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