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Crinoidea

Description

Crinoids are marine animals that make up the class Crinoidea, one of the classes of the phylum Echinodermata, which also includes the starfish, brittle stars, sea urchins and sea cucumbers. Those crinoids which, in their adult form, are attached to the sea bottom by a stalk are commonly called sea lilies, while the unstalked forms are called feather stars or comatulids, being members of the largest crinoid order, Comatulida.


Source Data
SourceIDLink
Global Biodiversity Information Facility ID (GBIF)215https://www.gbif.org/species/215
PaleoBioDB ID (PBDB)31590https://paleobiodb.org/classic/checkTaxonInfo?taxon_no=31590
Rankclass
Taxonomy (GBIF,PBDB)Life : Animalia : Echinodermata : Crinoidea
Taxonomic Status (GBIF)accepted
Classification
RankNameAuthor
kingdomAnimaliaLinnaeus 1758
TriploblasticaLankester 1877
NephrozoaJondelius et al. 2002
DeuterostomiaGrobben 1908
Ambulacraria
phylumEchinodermataKlein 1754
subphylumCrinozoaMatsumoto 1929
classCrinoideaMiller 1821
Unranked entries are considered an unranked clade in modern classifications. Ranks may be repeated or presented in the wrong order because authors may disagree about how to rank taxa.
Scientific NameCrinoidea
Status (PBDB)extant
Taxon Size (PBDB)2,595
Extant Size (PBDB)68 (2.6%)
First Recorded Appearance513 - 505 Ma
Cambrian
Environmentmarine (based on Echinodermata)
Motilitystationary, attached
Visionblind
Dietsuspension feeder
Reproductiondispersal=water,planktonic (based on Echinodermata)
Ontogenyaccretion,addition of parts (based on Echinodermata)
Ecospace CommentsLIFE HISTORY: Erect and surficial, non-motile attached, suspension feeder according to Bambach et al (2007); low-upper level tiering according to Bottjer & Ausich (1986); placed in upper-level epifaunal tier.
Taphonomyhigh Mg calcite
Primary Reference (PBDB)J. J. Sepkoski, Jr. 2002. A compendium of fossil marine animal genera. Bulletins of American Paleontology 363:1-560
Common Name(s) Sea Lilies And Feather Stars, Sea Lilies, Sea Lily, Feather Stars, Sea Lillies
Wikipediahttps://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Crinoidea

External Images

Fossil Distribution

Subtaxa

NameStatusCommon Name(s)Fossil OccurrencesOldestYoungest
Bourgueticrinida
order
accepted73101 Ma
Late Cretaceous
0 Ma
Extant
Comatulida
order
acceptedFeather Star118166 Ma
Middle Jurassic
0 Ma
Extant
Isocrinida
order
accepted532279 Ma
Permian
0 Ma
Extant
Millericrinida
order
accepted167461 Ma
Middle Ordovician
0 Ma
Extant
Acolocrinidae
family
accepted10470 Ma
Middle Ordovician
427 Ma
Silurian
Acrocrinidae
family
accepted9359 Ma
Late Devonian
304 Ma
Carboniferous
Actinocrinitidae
family
accepted85372 Ma
Late Devonian
279 Ma
Permian
Aesiocrinidae
family
accepted22323 Ma
Carboniferous
279 Ma
Permian
Agassizocrinidae
family
accepted13318 Ma
Carboniferous
279 Ma
Permian
Aishacrinidae
family
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Allagecrinidae
family
accepted46427 Ma
Silurian
265 Ma
Permian
Alphacrinidae
family
accepted1485 Ma
Cambrian
479 Ma
Early Ordovician
Amabilicrinidae
family
accepted12365 Ma
Late Devonian
343 Ma
Carboniferous
Ampelocrinidae
family
accepted53339 Ma
Carboniferous
272 Ma
Permian
Ampullacrinidae
family
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Anamesocrinidae
family
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Anobasicrinidae
family
accepted12323 Ma
Carboniferous
302 Ma
Carboniferous
Anthracocrinidae
family
accepted21470 Ma
Middle Ordovician
444 Ma
Silurian
Apektocrinidae
family
accepted0
Aphelecrinidae
family
accepted22376 Ma
Late Devonian
290 Ma
Permian
Apographiocrinidae
family
accepted31318 Ma
Carboniferous
269 Ma
Permian
Arkacrinidae
family
accepted17331 Ma
Carboniferous
315 Ma
Carboniferous
Ascocystitidae
family
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Asperocrinidae
family
accepted2411 Ma
Early Devonian
383 Ma
Late Devonian
Babanicrinidae
family
accepted9466 Ma
Middle Ordovician
445 Ma
Late Ordovician
Barycrinidae
family
accepted3296 Ma
Permian
290 Ma
Permian
Batocrinidae
family
accepted47408 Ma
Early Devonian
343 Ma
Carboniferous
Bistomiacystidae
family
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Blothrocrinidae
family
accepted30323 Ma
Carboniferous
265 Ma
Permian
Botryocrinidae
family
accepted205443 Ma
Silurian
323 Ma
Carboniferous
Bridgerocrinidae
family
accepted7376 Ma
Late Devonian
279 Ma
Permian
Cadocrinidae
family
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Calceocrinidae
family
accepted241470 Ma
Middle Ordovician
279 Ma
Permian
Calceolispongiidae
family
accepted70306 Ma
Carboniferous
254 Ma
Permian
Carabocrinidae
family
accepted0
Carpocrinidae
family
accepted13443 Ma
Silurian
383 Ma
Late Devonian
Caryocrinitidae
family
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Catacrinidae
family
accepted66345 Ma
Carboniferous
272 Ma
Permian
Catillocrinidae
family
accepted29376 Ma
Late Devonian
279 Ma
Permian
Cercidocrinidae
family
accepted2359 Ma
Late Devonian
290 Ma
Permian
Cincinnaticrinidae
family
accepted252472 Ma
Early Ordovician
433 Ma
Silurian
Clathrocrinidae
family
accepted1272 Ma
Permian
269 Ma
Permian
Clonocrinidae
family
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Codiacrinidae
family
accepted18318 Ma
Carboniferous
254 Ma
Permian
Coelocrinidae
family
accepted1296 Ma
Permian
290 Ma
Permian
Colpodecrinidae
family
accepted2461 Ma
Middle Ordovician
450 Ma
Late Ordovician
Columbicrinidae
family
accepted6466 Ma
Middle Ordovician
450 Ma
Late Ordovician
Columbocystidae
family
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Comarocystitidae
family
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Conometridae
family
accepted227.3 Ma
Oligocene
25.2 Ma
Oligocene
Corematocrinidae
family
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Cornucrinidae
family
accepted10461 Ma
Middle Ordovician
443 Ma
Silurian
Corythocrinidae
family
accepted5359 Ma
Late Devonian
290 Ma
Permian
Cromyocrinidae
family
accepted96323 Ma
Carboniferous
272 Ma
Permian
Crotalocrinitidae
family
accepted34443 Ma
Silurian
403 Ma
Early Devonian
Cryptocrinitidae
family
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Cupressocrinitidae
family
accepted32419 Ma
Early Devonian
361 Ma
Late Devonian
Cupulocrinidae
family
accepted15470 Ma
Middle Ordovician
445 Ma
Late Ordovician
Cyathocrinitidae
family
accepted212453 Ma
Late Ordovician
252 Ma
Permian
Cyathocystidae
family
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Cyclocharacidae
family
accepted3453 Ma
Late Ordovician
444 Ma
Silurian
Cyclocystoididae
family
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Cyclomischidae
family
accepted2354 Ma
Carboniferous
290 Ma
Permian
Cymbiocrinidae
family
accepted17323 Ma
Carboniferous
303 Ma
Carboniferous
Dactylocrinidae
family
accepted6339 Ma
Carboniferous
307 Ma
Carboniferous
Decacrinidae
family
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Decadocrinidae
family
accepted16365 Ma
Late Devonian
279 Ma
Permian
Decameridae
family
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Delgadocrinidae
family
accepted1466 Ma
Middle Ordovician
461 Ma
Middle Ordovician
Dendrocrinidae
family
accepted107478 Ma
Early Ordovician
411 Ma
Early Devonian
Dichocrinidae
family
accepted129365 Ma
Late Devonian
254 Ma
Permian
Dimerocrinitidae
family
accepted121461 Ma
Middle Ordovician
411 Ma
Early Devonian
Diphuicrinidae
family
accepted49318 Ma
Carboniferous
299 Ma
Carboniferous
Dolatocrinidae
family
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Echmatocrinidae
family
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Edriocrinidae
family
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Eknomocrinidae
family
accepted0
Encrinidae
family
accepted134439 Ma
Silurian
209 Ma
Late Triassic
Erisocrinidae
family
accepted40318 Ma
Carboniferous
254 Ma
Permian
Eucalyptocrinitidae
family
accepted137453 Ma
Late Ordovician
383 Ma
Late Devonian
Eupachycrinidae
family
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Euryocrinidae
family
accepted16318 Ma
Carboniferous
296 Ma
Permian
Euspirocrinidae
family
accepted21453 Ma
Late Ordovician
272 Ma
Permian
Eustenocrinidae
family
accepted41485 Ma
Cambrian
441 Ma
Silurian
Exaesiodiscidae
family
accepted7427 Ma
Silurian
359 Ma
Late Devonian
Floricyclidae
family
accepted11372 Ma
Late Devonian
359 Ma
Late Devonian
Flucticharacidae
family
accepted1388 Ma
Middle Devonian
383 Ma
Late Devonian
Galateacrinidae
family
accepted4318 Ma
Carboniferous
307 Ma
Carboniferous
Gasterocomidae
family
accepted13433 Ma
Silurian
388 Ma
Middle Devonian
Glossocrinidae
family
accepted7365 Ma
Late Devonian
345 Ma
Carboniferous
Glyptocrinidae
family
accepted255478 Ma
Early Ordovician
436 Ma
Silurian
Graphiocrinidae
family
accepted19372 Ma
Late Devonian
269 Ma
Permian
Habrotecrinidae
family
accepted1479 Ma
Early Ordovician
472 Ma
Early Ordovician
Hapalocrinidae
family
accepted18443 Ma
Silurian
403 Ma
Early Devonian
Haplocrinitidae
family
accepted1393 Ma
Early Devonian
388 Ma
Middle Devonian
Hemicosmitidae
family
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Heterocrinidae
family
accepted23470 Ma
Middle Ordovician
444 Ma
Silurian
Heterocystidae
family
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Hexacrinidae
family
accepted1419 Ma
Early Devonian
359 Ma
Late Devonian
Hexacrinitidae
family
accepted58443 Ma
Silurian
307 Ma
Carboniferous
Holopodidae
family
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Homalocrinidae
family
accepted2461 Ma
Middle Ordovician
445 Ma
Late Ordovician
Homocrinidae
family
accepted234470 Ma
Middle Ordovician
423 Ma
Silurian
Hybocrinidae
family
accepted44470 Ma
Middle Ordovician
445 Ma
Late Ordovician
Hydreionocrinidae
family
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Hypocrinidae
family
accepted1296 Ma
Permian
290 Ma
Permian
Ichthyocrinidae
family
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Indocrinidae
family
accepted7290 Ma
Permian
265 Ma
Permian
Iocrinidae
family
accepted137478 Ma
Early Ordovician
443 Ma
Silurian
Kraterocrinidae
family
accepted1272 Ma
Permian
254 Ma
Permian
Kstutocrinidae
family
accepted10383 Ma
Late Devonian
359 Ma
Late Devonian
Lampterocrinidae
family
accepted0
Lanternocrinidae
family
accepted14235 Ma
Late Triassic
201 Ma
Early Jurassic
Laudonocrinidae
family
accepted26323 Ma
Carboniferous
302 Ma
Carboniferous
Lecanocrinidae
family
accepted49443 Ma
Silurian
411 Ma
Early Devonian
Leocrinidae
family
accepted21222 Ma
Late Triassic
201 Ma
Early Jurassic
Leptocarphiidae
family
accepted6372 Ma
Late Devonian
359 Ma
Late Devonian
Maennilicrinidae
family
accepted4461 Ma
Middle Ordovician
450 Ma
Late Ordovician
Malocystitidae
family
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Marsupiocrinidae
family
accepted27443 Ma
Silurian
411 Ma
Early Devonian
Marsupitidae
family
accepted386.3 Ma
Late Cretaceous
83.6 Ma
Late Cretaceous
Mastigocrinidae
family
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Melocrinidae
family
accepted17419 Ma
Early Devonian
372 Ma
Late Devonian
Melocrinitidae
family
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Mespilocrinidae
family
accepted33318 Ma
Carboniferous
260 Ma
Permian
Mollocrinidae
family
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Myelodactylidae
family
accepted25453 Ma
Late Ordovician
411 Ma
Early Devonian
Opsiocrinidae
family
accepted0
Pachylocrinidae
family
accepted32372 Ma
Late Devonian
279 Ma
Permian
Paerticrinidae
family
accepted1443 Ma
Silurian
439 Ma
Silurian
Palaeocystitidae
family
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Pandanocrinidae
family
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Paradelocrinidae
family
accepted22318 Ma
Carboniferous
279 Ma
Permian
Paragaricocrinidae
family
accepted4318 Ma
Carboniferous
290 Ma
Permian
Paramelocrinidae
family
accepted1443 Ma
Silurian
441 Ma
Silurian
Patelliocrinidae
family
accepted93461 Ma
Middle Ordovician
419 Ma
Early Devonian
Pelecocrinidae
family
accepted2315 Ma
Carboniferous
254 Ma
Permian
Periechocrinidae
family
accepted3439 Ma
Silurian
388 Ma
Middle Devonian
Periechocrinitidae
family
accepted8423 Ma
Silurian
354 Ma
Carboniferous
Pirasocrinidae
family
accepted83323 Ma
Carboniferous
272 Ma
Permian
Pisocrinidae
family
accepted103443 Ma
Silurian
371 Ma
Late Devonian
Platycrinitidae
family
accepted276419 Ma
Early Devonian
254 Ma
Permian
Platycystitidae
family
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Plicodendrocrinidae
family
accepted19461 Ma
Middle Ordovician
411 Ma
Early Devonian
Porphyrocrinidae
family
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Poteriocrinidae
family
accepted47388 Ma
Middle Devonian
326 Ma
Carboniferous
Poteriocrinitidae
family
accepted21393 Ma
Early Devonian
254 Ma
Permian
Prophyllocrinidae
family
accepted4296 Ma
Permian
290 Ma
Permian
Protencrinidae
family
accepted4323 Ma
Carboniferous
296 Ma
Permian
Pterocomidae
family
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Pyrgocystidae
family
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Qingyanocrinidae
family
accepted20247 Ma
Early Triassic
242 Ma
Middle Triassic
Ramseyocrinidae
family
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Reteocrinidae
family
accepted33485 Ma
Cambrian
444 Ma
Silurian
Rhenocrinidae
family
accepted1279 Ma
Permian
272 Ma
Permian
Rhipidocystidae
family
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Rhodocrinidae
family
accepted71419 Ma
Early Devonian
343 Ma
Carboniferous
Rhodocrinitidae
family
accepted141485 Ma
Cambrian
326 Ma
Carboniferous
Roveacrinidae
family
accepted12252 Ma
Permian
70.6 Ma
Late Cretaceous
Rutkowskicrinidae
family
accepted9409 Ma
Early Devonian
383 Ma
Late Devonian
Saccocomidae
family
accepted96252 Ma
Permian
0 Ma
Extant
Sagenocrinitidae
family
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Salairocrinidae
family
accepted6384 Ma
Middle Devonian
359 Ma
Late Devonian
Schuchertocystidae
family
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Schyschcatocrinidae
family
accepted23419 Ma
Early Devonian
359 Ma
Late Devonian
Scyphocrinitidae
family
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Scytalocrinidae
family
accepted115372 Ma
Late Devonian
290 Ma
Permian
Solanocrinitidae
family
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Somphocrinidae
family
accepted0
Spaniocrinidae
family
accepted9318 Ma
Carboniferous
269 Ma
Permian
Staphylocrinidae
family
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Stelidiocrinidae
family
accepted2450 Ma
Late Ordovician
443 Ma
Silurian
Stellarocrinidae
family
accepted38336 Ma
Carboniferous
279 Ma
Permian
Stenocrinidae
family
accepted19388 Ma
Middle Devonian
359 Ma
Late Devonian
Stipatocrinidae
family
accepted3441 Ma
Silurian
433 Ma
Silurian
Streblocrinidae
family
accepted11427 Ma
Silurian
290 Ma
Permian
Stukaliniidae
family
accepted0
Sundacrinidae
family
accepted6296 Ma
Permian
254 Ma
Permian
Sycocrinitidae
family
accepted2296 Ma
Permian
290 Ma
Permian
Synbathocrinidae
family
accepted81388 Ma
Middle Devonian
290 Ma
Permian
Synerocrinidae
family
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Tantalocrinidae
family
accepted1388 Ma
Middle Devonian
383 Ma
Late Devonian
Taranshicrinidae
family
accepted4372 Ma
Late Devonian
359 Ma
Late Devonian
Taxocrinidae
family
accepted93456 Ma
Late Ordovician
279 Ma
Permian
Tetracrinidae
family
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Texacrinidae
family
accepted24306 Ma
Carboniferous
254 Ma
Permian
Thalamocrinidae
family
accepted18443 Ma
Silurian
392 Ma
Middle Devonian
Thenarocrinidae
family
accepted2461 Ma
Middle Ordovician
450 Ma
Late Ordovician
Thomacystidae
family
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Timorechinidae
family
accepted2296 Ma
Permian
279 Ma
Permian
Titanocrinidae
family
accepted2485 Ma
Cambrian
479 Ma
Early Ordovician
Tribrachyocrinidae
family
accepted42296 Ma
Permian
260 Ma
Permian
Tunisiacrinidae
family
accepted1269 Ma
Permian
265 Ma
Permian
Uintacrinidae
family
accepted489.8 Ma
Late Cretaceous
83.5 Ma
Late Cretaceous
Zeacrinitidae
family
accepted19296 Ma
Permian
272 Ma
Permian
Abacocrinus
genus
accepted2439 Ma
Silurian
433 Ma
Silurian
Abactinocrinus
genus
accepted1372 Ma
Late Devonian
359 Ma
Late Devonian
Acacocrinus
genus
accepted2443 Ma
Silurian
427 Ma
Silurian
Acariaiocrinus
genus
accepted0
Acolocrinus
genus
accepted7470 Ma
Middle Ordovician
450 Ma
Late Ordovician
Acrocrinus
genus
accepted25339 Ma
Carboniferous
318 Ma
Carboniferous
Aethocrinus
genus
accepted3485 Ma
Cambrian
478 Ma
Early Ordovician
Agostocrinus
genus
accepted0
Alcimocrinus
genus
accepted2323 Ma
Carboniferous
315 Ma
Carboniferous
Allagecrinus
genus
accepted8365 Ma
Late Devonian
303 Ma
Carboniferous
Allocrinus
genus
accepted13443 Ma
Silurian
419 Ma
Early Devonian
Alloprosallocrinus
genus
accepted29354 Ma
Carboniferous
343 Ma
Carboniferous
Allozygocrinus
genus
accepted3439 Ma
Silurian
431 Ma
Silurian
Ammonicrinus
genus
accepted2403 Ma
Early Devonian
392 Ma
Middle Devonian
Amphicrinus
genus
accepted7336 Ma
Carboniferous
303 Ma
Carboniferous
Amphoracrinus
genus
accepted13345 Ma
Carboniferous
339 Ma
Carboniferous
Amsdenanteris
genus
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Anartiocrinus
genus
accepted0
Ancoracrinus
genus
accepted0
Anisocrinus
genus
accepted2445 Ma
Late Ordovician
427 Ma
Silurian
Annulocolumnus
genus
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Anthinocrinus
genus
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Anthracocrinus
genus
accepted5470 Ma
Middle Ordovician
450 Ma
Late Ordovician
Anulocrinus
genus
accepted8470 Ma
Middle Ordovician
446 Ma
Late Ordovician
Apodasmocrinus
genus
accepted7470 Ma
Middle Ordovician
450 Ma
Late Ordovician
Arachnocrinus
genus
accepted0
Archaeocrinus
genus
accepted33470 Ma
Middle Ordovician
444 Ma
Silurian
Arroyocrinus
genus
accepted6290 Ma
Permian
254 Ma
Permian
Asaphocrinus
genus
accepted8443 Ma
Silurian
419 Ma
Early Devonian
Ascetocrinus
genus
accepted0
Aspidocrinus
genus
accepted2419 Ma
Early Devonian
411 Ma
Early Devonian
Asymmetrocrinus
genus
accepted0
Atelestocrinus
genus
accepted7359 Ma
Late Devonian
343 Ma
Carboniferous
Atractocrinus
genus
accepted1388 Ma
Middle Devonian
383 Ma
Late Devonian
Atrapocrinus
genus
accepted1323 Ma
Carboniferous
315 Ma
Carboniferous
Aulocrinus
genus
accepted1345 Ma
Carboniferous
343 Ma
Carboniferous
Axicrinus
genus
accepted16247 Ma
Early Triassic
228 Ma
Late Triassic
Azygocrinus
genus
accepted0
Bactrocrinites
genus
accepted9443 Ma
Silurian
383 Ma
Late Devonian
Balearocrinus
genus
accepted0
Baltocrinus
genus
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Basleocrinus
genus
accepted0
Bathericrinus
genus
accepted0
Belemnocrinus
genus
accepted1359 Ma
Late Devonian
354 Ma
Carboniferous
Benthocrinus
genus
accepted0
Bihaticrinus
genus
accepted1216 Ma
Late Triassic
212 Ma
Late Triassic
Bikocrinus
genus
accepted2443 Ma
Silurian
433 Ma
Silurian
Birgelenocrinus
genus
accepted572.1 Ma
Late Cretaceous
61.6 Ma
Paleocene
Blairocrinus
genus
accepted2359 Ma
Late Devonian
347 Ma
Carboniferous
Blothronagma
genus
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Bohemicocrinus
genus
accepted0
Bohnerticrinus
genus
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Boliviacrinus
genus
accepted2408 Ma
Early Devonian
393 Ma
Early Devonian
Brabeocrinus
genus
accepted2323 Ma
Carboniferous
303 Ma
Carboniferous
Brahmacrinus
genus
accepted2433 Ma
Silurian
347 Ma
Carboniferous
Bromidocrinus
genus
accepted3461 Ma
Middle Ordovician
450 Ma
Late Ordovician
Bronaughocrinus
genus
accepted0
Brychiocrinus
genus
accepted0
Bursacrinus
genus
accepted0
Bystrowicrinus
genus
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Calpiocrinus
genus
accepted0
Catatonocrinus
genus
accepted5443 Ma
Silurian
427 Ma
Silurian
Catholicorhachis
genus
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Catillocrinus
genus
accepted28354 Ma
Carboniferous
343 Ma
Carboniferous
Celtocrinus
genus
accepted1478 Ma
Early Ordovician
470 Ma
Middle Ordovician
Ceratocrinus
genus
accepted0
Cestocrinus
genus
accepted2372 Ma
Late Devonian
343 Ma
Carboniferous
Charactocrinus
genus
accepted6445 Ma
Late Ordovician
427 Ma
Silurian
Chinacrinus
genus
accepted8372 Ma
Late Devonian
359 Ma
Late Devonian
Chirocrinus
genus
accepted1453 Ma
Late Ordovician
445 Ma
Late Ordovician
Cincinnaticrinus
genus
accepted234470 Ma
Middle Ordovician
444 Ma
Silurian
Clarkeocrinus
genus
accepted0
Clathrocrinus
genus
accepted3323 Ma
Carboniferous
303 Ma
Carboniferous
Claviculacrinus
genus
accepted0
Cleiocrinus
genus
accepted30461 Ma
Middle Ordovician
445 Ma
Late Ordovician
Clidochirus
genus
accepted4453 Ma
Late Ordovician
411 Ma
Early Devonian
Clistocrinus
genus
accepted0
Clithrocrinus
genus
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Clonocrinus
genus
accepted6433 Ma
Silurian
392 Ma
Middle Devonian
Coenocystis
genus
accepted2354 Ma
Carboniferous
260 Ma
Permian
Colpodecrinus
genus
accepted1461 Ma
Middle Ordovician
450 Ma
Late Ordovician
Comanthocrinus
genus
accepted0
Comaturella
genus
accepted2156 Ma
Jurassic
145 Ma
Late Jurassic
Compsocrinus
genus
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Cordylocrinus
genus
accepted3427 Ma
Silurian
411 Ma
Early Devonian
Cornucrinus
genus
accepted10461 Ma
Middle Ordovician
443 Ma
Silurian
Corynecrinus
genus
accepted0
Corythocrinus
genus
accepted0
Cradeocrinus
genus
accepted3393 Ma
Early Devonian
354 Ma
Carboniferous
Cremacrinus
genus
accepted58461 Ma
Middle Ordovician
445 Ma
Late Ordovician
Crinerocrinus
genus
accepted2470 Ma
Middle Ordovician
450 Ma
Late Ordovician
Cryphiocrinus
genus
accepted1336 Ma
Carboniferous
326 Ma
Carboniferous
Culicocrinus
genus
accepted3445 Ma
Late Ordovician
403 Ma
Early Devonian
Culmicrinus
genus
accepted2345 Ma
Carboniferous
343 Ma
Carboniferous
Cusacrinus
genus
accepted4359 Ma
Late Devonian
347 Ma
Carboniferous
Cyclocaudex
genus
accepted6331 Ma
Carboniferous
299 Ma
Carboniferous
Cyclocrista
genus
accepted5311 Ma
Carboniferous
260 Ma
Permian
Cyclocyclicus
genus
accepted20485 Ma
Cambrian
339 Ma
Carboniferous
Cyclocyclopa
genus
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Cyclohexagonalis
genus
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Cycloscapus
genus
accepted1311 Ma
Carboniferous
307 Ma
Carboniferous
Cylicocrinus
genus
accepted3433 Ma
Silurian
427 Ma
Silurian
Cylindrocauliscus
genus
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Cyphostelechus
genus
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Cyrtocrinus
genus
accepted2166 Ma
Middle Jurassic
157 Ma
Jurassic
Cyttarocrinus
genus
accepted6388 Ma
Middle Devonian
383 Ma
Late Devonian
Dactylocrinus
genus
accepted1384 Ma
Middle Devonian
382 Ma
Late Devonian
Dasciocrinus
genus
accepted2339 Ma
Carboniferous
318 Ma
Carboniferous
Deltacrinus
genus
accepted5433 Ma
Silurian
359 Ma
Late Devonian
Deocrinus
genus
accepted3468 Ma
Middle Ordovician
453 Ma
Late Ordovician
Depaocrinus
genus
accepted0
Diabolocrinus
genus
accepted18470 Ma
Middle Ordovician
450 Ma
Late Ordovician
Diamenocrinus
genus
accepted7419 Ma
Early Devonian
393 Ma
Early Devonian
Dichostreblocrinus
genus
accepted2354 Ma
Carboniferous
306 Ma
Carboniferous
Dicirrocrinus
genus
accepted1409 Ma
Early Devonian
403 Ma
Early Devonian
Dilatocrinus
genus
accepted0
Dinotocrinus
genus
accepted3359 Ma
Late Devonian
326 Ma
Carboniferous
Displodocrinus
genus
accepted0
Dochmocrinus
genus
accepted1272 Ma
Permian
254 Ma
Permian
Dolerocrinus
genus
accepted0
Doliocrinus
genus
accepted2461 Ma
Middle Ordovician
450 Ma
Late Ordovician
Dronovicrinus
genus
accepted2372 Ma
Late Devonian
359 Ma
Late Devonian
Eifelocrinus
genus
accepted0
Eirmocrinus
genus
accepted2315 Ma
Carboniferous
307 Ma
Carboniferous
Elpasocrinus
genus
accepted0
Elpidocrinus
genus
accepted3443 Ma
Silurian
419 Ma
Early Devonian
Emperocrinus
genus
accepted1433 Ma
Silurian
427 Ma
Silurian
Eohalysiocrinus
genus
accepted33443 Ma
Silurian
392 Ma
Middle Devonian
Eomyelodactylus
genus
accepted21443 Ma
Silurian
433 Ma
Silurian
Eoparisocrinus
genus
accepted2453 Ma
Late Ordovician
427 Ma
Silurian
Eopinnacrinus
genus
accepted1461 Ma
Middle Ordovician
450 Ma
Late Ordovician
Eretmocrinus
genus
accepted72359 Ma
Late Devonian
311 Ma
Carboniferous
Espanocrinus
genus
accepted0
Ethelocrinus
genus
accepted1331 Ma
Carboniferous
323 Ma
Carboniferous
Eucheirocrinus
genus
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Eucladocrinus
genus
accepted15354 Ma
Carboniferous
343 Ma
Carboniferous
Euerisocrinus
genus
accepted0
Euonychocrinus
genus
accepted12372 Ma
Late Devonian
303 Ma
Carboniferous
Eurax
genus
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Euryocrinus
genus
accepted4388 Ma
Middle Devonian
345 Ma
Carboniferous
Euspirocrinus
genus
accepted16445 Ma
Late Ordovician
419 Ma
Early Devonian
Eutrochocrinus
genus
accepted0
Exocrinus
genus
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Exoriocrinus
genus
accepted17306 Ma
Carboniferous
303 Ma
Carboniferous
Exsulacrinus
genus
accepted0
Fabalium
genus
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Fascicrinus
genus
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Floricyclus
genus
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Follicrinus
genus
accepted3409 Ma
Early Devonian
403 Ma
Early Devonian
Fossulacrinus
genus
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Gammarocrinites
genus
accepted1165 Ma
Middle Jurassic
161 Ma
Jurassic
Gastrocrinus
genus
accepted2409 Ma
Early Devonian
403 Ma
Early Devonian
Gaulocrinus
genus
accepted9354 Ma
Carboniferous
343 Ma
Carboniferous
Gaurocrinus
genus
accepted5453 Ma
Late Ordovician
444 Ma
Silurian
Gazacrinus
genus
accepted11443 Ma
Silurian
419 Ma
Early Devonian
Geraocrinus
genus
accepted1466 Ma
Middle Ordovician
458 Ma
Late Ordovician
Globacrocrinus
genus
accepted2318 Ma
Carboniferous
311 Ma
Carboniferous
Glyptocrinus
genus
accepted182470 Ma
Middle Ordovician
436 Ma
Silurian
Gnorimocrinus
genus
accepted2443 Ma
Silurian
419 Ma
Early Devonian
Gothocrinus
genus
accepted1433 Ma
Silurian
427 Ma
Silurian
Griphocrinus
genus
accepted2408 Ma
Early Devonian
393 Ma
Early Devonian
Grypocrinus
genus
accepted2443 Ma
Silurian
419 Ma
Early Devonian
Hadrocrinus
genus
accepted0
Hagnocrinus
genus
accepted12443 Ma
Silurian
419 Ma
Early Devonian
Hallocrinus
genus
accepted0
Harrellicrinus
genus
accepted1290 Ma
Permian
279 Ma
Permian
Hemicrinus
genus
accepted2136 Ma
Early Cretaceous
130 Ma
Early Cretaceous
Hemistreptacron
genus
accepted0
Hercocrinus
genus
accepted2458 Ma
Middle Ordovician
453 Ma
Late Ordovician
Heterostaurus
genus
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Heterostelechus
genus
accepted1311 Ma
Carboniferous
307 Ma
Carboniferous
Hexagonocyclicus
genus
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Hirneacrinus
genus
accepted7439 Ma
Silurian
423 Ma
Silurian
Holcocrinus
genus
accepted13372 Ma
Late Devonian
343 Ma
Carboniferous
Homalocrinus
genus
accepted0
Hormocrinus
genus
accepted2441 Ma
Silurian
439 Ma
Silurian
Hydriocrinus
genus
accepted2260 Ma
Permian
252 Ma
Permian
Hypsinomocrinus
genus
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Hyrtanecrinus
genus
accepted0
Ibanocrinus
genus
accepted1443 Ma
Silurian
433 Ma
Silurian
Ibexocrinus
genus
accepted0
Isocatillocrinus
genus
accepted0
Kalpidocrinus
genus
accepted0
Kanabinocrinus
genus
accepted2443 Ma
Silurian
439 Ma
Silurian
Kansacrinus
genus
accepted0
Kojvicrinus
genus
accepted2290 Ma
Permian
279 Ma
Permian
Kopficrinus
genus
accepted1408 Ma
Early Devonian
393 Ma
Early Devonian
Kophinocrinus
genus
accepted3388 Ma
Middle Devonian
383 Ma
Late Devonian
Kyreocrinus
genus
accepted1441 Ma
Silurian
439 Ma
Silurian
Lageniocrinus
genus
accepted1427 Ma
Silurian
423 Ma
Silurian
Lamprosterigma
genus
accepted2311 Ma
Carboniferous
307 Ma
Carboniferous
Laudonocrinus
genus
accepted2306 Ma
Carboniferous
303 Ma
Carboniferous
Laurelocrinus
genus
accepted4433 Ma
Silurian
427 Ma
Silurian
Lebetocrinus
genus
accepted1345 Ma
Carboniferous
345 Ma
Carboniferous
Leptocarphium
genus
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Levicyathocrinites
genus
accepted2443 Ma
Silurian
427 Ma
Silurian
Lichenocrinus
genus
accepted33470 Ma
Middle Ordovician
444 Ma
Silurian
Macarocrinus
genus
accepted3409 Ma
Early Devonian
403 Ma
Early Devonian
Macnamaratylus
genus
accepted0
Malaiocrinus
genus
accepted0
Manticrinus
genus
accepted4441 Ma
Silurian
427 Ma
Silurian
Mantikosocrinus
genus
accepted0
Merocrinus
genus
accepted175470 Ma
Middle Ordovician
450 Ma
Late Ordovician
Mespilocrinus
genus
accepted15354 Ma
Carboniferous
326 Ma
Carboniferous
Metacatillocrinus
genus
accepted0
Methabocrinus
genus
accepted0
Mollocrinus
genus
accepted0
Monstrocrinus
genus
accepted1403 Ma
Early Devonian
392 Ma
Middle Devonian
Mooreanteris
genus
accepted3311 Ma
Carboniferous
299 Ma
Carboniferous
Mooreocrinus
genus
accepted2318 Ma
Carboniferous
311 Ma
Carboniferous
Moscovicrinus
genus
accepted3290 Ma
Permian
265 Ma
Permian
Mycocrinus
genus
accepted0
Mysticocrinus
genus
accepted2433 Ma
Silurian
423 Ma
Silurian
Nactocrinus
genus
accepted1359 Ma
Late Devonian
354 Ma
Carboniferous
Nanocrinus
genus
accepted0
Neoarchaeocrinus
genus
accepted6453 Ma
Late Ordovician
408 Ma
Early Devonian
Neocatillocrinus
genus
accepted0
Neodichocrinus
genus
accepted0
Neoprotencrinus
genus
accepted1299 Ma
Carboniferous
296 Ma
Permian
Nereocrinus
genus
accepted0
Nothrosterigma
genus
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Notiocrinus
genus
accepted0
Nunnacrinus
genus
accepted1359 Ma
Late Devonian
354 Ma
Carboniferous
Nuxocrinus
genus
accepted0
Nyctocrinus
genus
accepted0
Oenochoacrinus
genus
accepted0
Orthogonocrinus
genus
accepted193.9 Ma
Late Cretaceous
89.8 Ma
Late Cretaceous
Osteocrinus
genus
accepted84252 Ma
Permian
201 Ma
Early Jurassic
Ottawacrinus
genus
accepted4461 Ma
Middle Ordovician
450 Ma
Late Ordovician
Oxynocrinus
genus
accepted0
Pachyocrinus
genus
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Pagecrinus
genus
accepted0
Paianocrinus
genus
accepted0
Paiderocrinus
genus
accepted4443 Ma
Silurian
433 Ma
Silurian
Palaeocrinus
genus
accepted17468 Ma
Middle Ordovician
445 Ma
Late Ordovician
Paraclidochirus
genus
accepted0
Paracosmetocrinus
genus
accepted8372 Ma
Late Devonian
345 Ma
Carboniferous
Paracremacrinus
genus
accepted2461 Ma
Middle Ordovician
450 Ma
Late Ordovician
Paradelocrinus
genus
accepted1315 Ma
Carboniferous
307 Ma
Carboniferous
Paradiabolocrinus
genus
accepted3461 Ma
Middle Ordovician
450 Ma
Late Ordovician
Paradoxocrinus
genus
accepted0
Paragaricocrinus
genus
accepted1265 Ma
Permian
260 Ma
Permian
Paragazacrinus
genus
accepted1433 Ma
Silurian
427 Ma
Silurian
Paragraphiocrinus
genus
accepted0
Parallelocrinus
genus
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Paramelocrinus
genus
accepted1427 Ma
Silurian
419 Ma
Early Devonian
Pararchaeocrinus
genus
accepted4470 Ma
Middle Ordovician
450 Ma
Late Ordovician
Parascytalocrinus
genus
accepted2345 Ma
Carboniferous
343 Ma
Carboniferous
Parastachyocrinus
genus
accepted0
Parastephanocrinus
genus
accepted0
Parasycocrinus
genus
accepted0
Parazophocrinus
genus
accepted2443 Ma
Silurian
419 Ma
Early Devonian
Parindocrinus
genus
accepted0
Parisangulocrinus
genus
accepted6409 Ma
Early Devonian
403 Ma
Early Devonian
Parisocrinus
genus
accepted9450 Ma
Late Ordovician
343 Ma
Carboniferous
Patelliocrinus
genus
accepted6441 Ma
Silurian
427 Ma
Silurian
Paulocrinus
genus
accepted1433 Ma
Silurian
427 Ma
Silurian
Pegocrinus
genus
accepted0
Pelecocrinus
genus
accepted9359 Ma
Late Devonian
326 Ma
Carboniferous
Pelidocrinus
genus
accepted3427 Ma
Silurian
419 Ma
Early Devonian
Pellecrinus
genus
accepted6359 Ma
Late Devonian
343 Ma
Carboniferous
Peltacrinus
genus
accepted3470 Ma
Middle Ordovician
450 Ma
Late Ordovician
Pentagonocyclicus
genus
accepted33464 Ma
Middle Ordovician
339 Ma
Carboniferous
Pentagonopternix
genus
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Pentaramicrinus
genus
accepted3339 Ma
Carboniferous
318 Ma
Carboniferous
Pentaridica
genus
accepted3331 Ma
Carboniferous
307 Ma
Carboniferous
Pentaxocrinus
genus
accepted2290 Ma
Permian
279 Ma
Permian
Perissocrinus
genus
accepted1419 Ma
Early Devonian
359 Ma
Late Devonian
Petalocrinus
genus
accepted25443 Ma
Silurian
426 Ma
Silurian
Petrocrinus
genus
accepted0
Petschoracrinus
genus
accepted2315 Ma
Carboniferous
279 Ma
Permian
Phanocrinus
genus
accepted60339 Ma
Carboniferous
279 Ma
Permian
Philocrinus
genus
accepted4260 Ma
Permian
254 Ma
Permian
Phrygilocrinus
genus
accepted0
Phyllocrinus
genus
accepted5165 Ma
Middle Jurassic
130 Ma
Early Cretaceous
Physetocrinus
genus
accepted0
Pinegicrinus
genus
accepted1272 Ma
Permian
269 Ma
Permian
Pirasocrinus
genus
accepted1306 Ma
Carboniferous
303 Ma
Carboniferous
Pithocrinus
genus
accepted0
Platycion
genus
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Platyhexacrinus
genus
accepted1359 Ma
Late Devonian
347 Ma
Carboniferous
Platyplateium
genus
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Plemnocrinus
genus
accepted0
Plesiocrinus
genus
accepted0
Plotocrinus
genus
accepted0
Plummeranteris
genus
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Poecilocrinus
genus
accepted1113 Ma
Early Cretaceous
101 Ma
Late Cretaceous
Pogonipocrinus
genus
accepted0
Polygonocrinus
genus
accepted1306 Ma
Carboniferous
303 Ma
Carboniferous
Polypeltes
genus
accepted0
Porocrinus
genus
accepted52470 Ma
Middle Ordovician
444 Ma
Silurian
Poteriocrinus
genus
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Praecupulocrinus
genus
accepted3453 Ma
Late Ordovician
445 Ma
Late Ordovician
Preptopremnum
genus
accepted3311 Ma
Carboniferous
265 Ma
Permian
Proapsidocrinus
genus
accepted0
Probletocrinus
genus
accepted1306 Ma
Carboniferous
303 Ma
Carboniferous
Prochoidiocrinus
genus
accepted0
Prolobocrinus
genus
accepted0
Promelocrinus
genus
accepted4443 Ma
Silurian
427 Ma
Silurian
Pterotocrinus
genus
accepted80339 Ma
Carboniferous
318 Ma
Carboniferous
Pycnosaccus
genus
accepted6443 Ma
Silurian
419 Ma
Early Devonian
Pyrenocrinus
genus
accepted0
Quinquecaudex
genus
accepted14470 Ma
Middle Ordovician
445 Ma
Late Ordovician
Ramulicrinus
genus
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Ramulocrinus
genus
accepted37359 Ma
Late Devonian
326 Ma
Carboniferous
Rhachicrinus
genus
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Rhadinocrinus
genus
accepted1409 Ma
Early Devonian
403 Ma
Early Devonian
Rhaphanocrinus
genus
acceptedCrinoid12461 Ma
Middle Ordovician
444 Ma
Silurian
Rhenocrinus
genus
accepted2409 Ma
Early Devonian
403 Ma
Early Devonian
Rhopalocrinus
genus
accepted1393 Ma
Early Devonian
388 Ma
Middle Devonian
Rhopocrinus
genus
accepted1336 Ma
Carboniferous
326 Ma
Carboniferous
Ricebocrinus
genus
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Roemerocrinus
genus
accepted0
Rookuelacrinus
genus
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Rugulosocrinus
genus
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Saaremaacrinus
genus
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Sarocrinus
genus
accepted3345 Ma
Carboniferous
343 Ma
Carboniferous
Scammatocrinus
genus
accepted0
Schedexocrinus
genus
accepted2290 Ma
Permian
279 Ma
Permian
Schistocrinus
genus
accepted0
Schultzicrinus
genus
accepted3419 Ma
Early Devonian
388 Ma
Middle Devonian
Sclerocrinus
genus
accepted1136 Ma
Early Cretaceous
130 Ma
Early Cretaceous
Sellardsicrinus
genus
accepted1318 Ma
Carboniferous
315 Ma
Carboniferous
Sidericrinus
genus
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Siderocrinites
genus
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Sigambrocrinus
genus
accepted1419 Ma
Early Devonian
408 Ma
Early Devonian
Silfonocrinus
genus
accepted2443 Ma
Silurian
433 Ma
Silurian
Sinocrinus
genus
accepted2315 Ma
Carboniferous
296 Ma
Permian
Sostronocrinus
genus
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Springeracrocrinus
genus
accepted2359 Ma
Late Devonian
345 Ma
Carboniferous
Springericrinus
genus
accepted16354 Ma
Carboniferous
343 Ma
Carboniferous
Stachyocrinus
genus
accepted0
Steganocrinus
genus
accepted0
Stereoaster
genus
accepted2443 Ma
Silurian
433 Ma
Silurian
Stibarocrinus
genus
accepted2443 Ma
Silurian
433 Ma
Silurian
Stinocrinus
genus
accepted2359 Ma
Late Devonian
345 Ma
Carboniferous
Stipatocrinus
genus
accepted2441 Ma
Silurian
433 Ma
Silurian
Stiptocrinus
genus
accepted7433 Ma
Silurian
411 Ma
Early Devonian
Streblocrinus
genus
accepted1388 Ma
Middle Devonian
383 Ma
Late Devonian
Stylocrinus
genus
accepted1443 Ma
Silurian
419 Ma
Early Devonian
Sublobalocrinus
genus
accepted2303 Ma
Carboniferous
302 Ma
Carboniferous
Sunwaptacrinus
genus
accepted1359 Ma
Late Devonian
354 Ma
Carboniferous
Synchirocrinus
genus
accepted7443 Ma
Silurian
403 Ma
Early Devonian
Synerocrinus
genus
accepted1323 Ma
Carboniferous
315 Ma
Carboniferous
Tagenocrinus
genus
accepted0
Tarachiocrinus
genus
accepted0
Tarantocrinus
genus
accepted0
Tasmanocrinus
genus
accepted2296 Ma
Permian
272 Ma
Permian
Teleiocrinus
genus
accepted0
Telikosocrinus
genus
accepted0
Terpnocrinus
genus
accepted4306 Ma
Carboniferous
303 Ma
Carboniferous
Tetrabrachiocrinus
genus
accepted5269 Ma
Permian
260 Ma
Permian
Tetracrinus
genus
accepted2190 Ma
Early Jurassic
156 Ma
Jurassic
Tetragonocyclicus
genus
accepted5411 Ma
Early Devonian
393 Ma
Early Devonian
Thalamocrinus
genus
accepted18443 Ma
Silurian
392 Ma
Middle Devonian
Thallocrinus
genus
accepted4409 Ma
Early Devonian
403 Ma
Early Devonian
Thenarocrinus
genus
accepted0
Tholiacrinus
genus
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Tholocrinus
genus
accepted3339 Ma
Carboniferous
318 Ma
Carboniferous
Thuringocrinus
genus
accepted0
Tiaracrinus
genus
accepted4426 Ma
Silurian
392 Ma
Middle Devonian
Tirocrinus
genus
accepted1443 Ma
Silurian
433 Ma
Silurian
Tornatilicrinus
genus
accepted0
Traumatocrinus
genus
accepted12242 Ma
Middle Triassic
222 Ma
Late Triassic
Triacrinus
genus
accepted7409 Ma
Early Devonian
388 Ma
Middle Devonian
Triboloporus
genus
accepted1485 Ma
Cambrian
443 Ma
Silurian
Trilobocrinus
genus
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Trimerocrinus
genus
accepted0
Tripatocrinus
genus
accepted0
Trophocrinus
genus
accepted5359 Ma
Late Devonian
345 Ma
Carboniferous
Trypherocrinus
genus
accepted1441 Ma
Silurian
439 Ma
Silurian
Turbocrinus
genus
accepted1443 Ma
Silurian
433 Ma
Silurian
Typanocrinus
genus
accepted1441 Ma
Silurian
439 Ma
Silurian
Tyrieocrinus
genus
accepted5336 Ma
Carboniferous
326 Ma
Carboniferous
Tytthocrinus
genus
accepted1388 Ma
Middle Devonian
383 Ma
Late Devonian
Ulrichicrinus
genus
accepted1345 Ma
Carboniferous
343 Ma
Carboniferous
Urushicrinus
genus
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Veugelersia
genus
accepted170.6 Ma
Late Cretaceous
66.0 Ma
Late Cretaceous
Virucrinus
genus
accepted36461 Ma
Middle Ordovician
450 Ma
Late Ordovician
Wachsmuthicrinus
genus
accepted4354 Ma
Carboniferous
343 Ma
Carboniferous
Westheadocrinus
genus
accepted1456 Ma
Late Ordovician
446 Ma
Late Ordovician
Wilsonicrinus
genus
accepted2461 Ma
Middle Ordovician
427 Ma
Silurian
Woodocrinus
genus
accepted4336 Ma
Carboniferous
326 Ma
Carboniferous
Worthenocrinus
genus
accepted1345 Ma
Carboniferous
343 Ma
Carboniferous
Xenocatillocrinus
genus
accepted0
Xenocrinus
genus
accepted36456 Ma
Late Ordovician
433 Ma
Silurian
Xysmacrinus
genus
accepted1443 Ma
Silurian
433 Ma
Silurian
Zangucrinus
genus
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Zeacrinites
genus
accepted9336 Ma
Carboniferous
318 Ma
Carboniferous
Zirocrinus
genus
accepted2443 Ma
Silurian
433 Ma
Silurian
Zostocrinus
genus
accepted2388 Ma
Middle Devonian
383 Ma
Late Devonian
Zygotocrinus
genus
accepted0
Acantharthropterum acutum
species
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Acantharthropterum cornu
species
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Amphelecrinus madisonensis
species
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Amphelecrinus sacculatus
species
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Archacocrinus graffhami
species
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Archaetoxocrinus burfordi
species
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Areocrinus bassus
species
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Aulosomphostega incisa
species
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Balocrinus mexicanus
species
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Batocrinusus gallatinensis
species
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Bountypocrinus galarus
species
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Bunarthrum septatum
species
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Cactorcrinus limabrachiatus
species
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Caleocrinus longifrons
species
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Carinocrinus eventus
species
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Carinocrinus stevensi
species
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Childonocrinus echinatus
species
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Childonocrinus trinodi
species
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Coenarthropterum corrugatum
species
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Columnal elliptica
species
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Columnal nodosus
species
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Columnal quadrangulata
species
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Cyclopentagonopa granulosa
species
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Dendocrinus diaphoros
species
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Ellipsellipsopa lastissima
species
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Ellipsellipsopa spicata
species
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Engoniarthrum granulosum
species
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Engoniarthrum lineatum
species
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Eriosocrinus georgeae
species
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Gisacanthostega angusta
species
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Goliocrinus confussus
species
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Hearteocrinus trubinatus
species
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Henanobasis coffeyvillensis
species
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Hexacrinus leai
species
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Hoplarthrum canalis
species
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Hoplarthrum tenue
species
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Isotrianobasis urna
species
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Lophaglaopolygonum tenuirugosum
species
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Macrocrinarthrum corrugatum
species
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Macrocrinarthrum tuberculatum
species
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Magaliocrinus aplatus
species
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Magaliocrinus exotericus
species
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Marsipocrinus concavus
species
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Marsipocrinus corrugatus
species
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Marsipocrinus excavatus
species
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Marsipocrinus magnificus
species
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Marsipocrinus pinnatus
species
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Marsipocrinus stellatus
species
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Marsipocrinus striatissimus
species
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Marsipocrinus striatus
species
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Marsipocrinus striatusormis
species
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Marsipocrinus tennesseensis
species
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Marsipocrinus turbinatus
species
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Nolichukia casteri
species
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Paleantedon caroliniana
species
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Paragassiocrinus atoka
species
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Paramestocrinus bulbosus
species
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Paramestocrinus papillatus
species
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Parathelocrinus ellipticus
species
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Penicillocrinus parvus
species
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Pentagonocyclopa dispar
species
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Pentanobasis regularis
species
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Pentecatobasis excavata
species
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Pentexobasis glypta
species
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Pentexobasis plana
species
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Pericyclus rubra
species
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Platycrinus agassizi
species
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Platycrinus basicraniatus
species
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Platycrinus canadensis
species
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Platycrinus corporiculus
species
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Platycrinus davisi
species
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Platycrinus glyptus
species
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Platycrinus haydeni
species
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Platycrinus montanaenis
species
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Platycrinus nactus
species
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Platycrinus nodostriatus
species
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Platycrinus peculiaris
species
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Platycrinus pendens
species
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Platycrinus planus
species
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Platycrinus spinifer
species
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Platycrinus symmetricus
species
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Platycrinus vexabilis
species
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Pottsicrinus quinstilus
species
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Schedaglaopolygonum corrugatum
species
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Steropecrinus rugosus
species
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Trianobasis bridwelli
species
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Trophocrinusinus variabilisis
species
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Tropiocrinus carinatus
species
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Tropiocrinus planatus
species
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Ubaghsocrinus planatikosus
species
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB

Unlinked PBDB sub-entries

NameStatusFossil OccurrencesExtantOldestYoungest
Echmatocrinida
order
Not linked to GBIF0extinct
Tetractocrinus
genus
Not linked to GBIF0extinct
Camerata
subclass
Not linked to GBIF2,827extinct485 Ma
Cambrian
254 Ma
Permian
Solanocrinus
genus
Not linked to GBIF1extinct161 Ma
Jurassic
156 Ma
Jurassic
Angulata
order
Not linked to GBIF9extinct466 Ma
Middle Ordovician
445 Ma
Late Ordovician
Pentacrinoidea
subclass
Not linked to GBIF6,496extant485 Ma
Cambrian
0.01 Ma
Pleistocene
Aethocrinea
subclass
Not linked to GBIF3extinct485 Ma
Cambrian
478 Ma
Early Ordovician
Protocrinoidea
superfamily
Not linked to GBIF0extinct
Pentacrinidae
family
Not linked to GBIF1extinct72.1 Ma
Late Cretaceous
66.0 Ma
Late Cretaceous
Protocrinoida
order
Not linked to GBIF2extinct485 Ma
Cambrian
479 Ma
Early Ordovician
Dicyclica
subclass
Not linked to GBIF0extinct

Synonymy List

YearName and Author
1821Crinoidea Miller
1900Entrochus rotiformis Koken
1998Crinoidea Barnes p. 308
2002Crinoidea Sepkoski, Jr.
2003Crinoidea Guensberg and Sprinkle p. 16

References

Sepkoski, Jr. J. J. (2002) A compendium of fossil marine animal genera, Bulletins of American Paleontology 363, 1-560
Guensberg T. E., Sprinkle J. (2003) The oldest known crinoids (Early Ordovician, Utah) and a new crinoid plate homology system, Bulletins of American Paleontology 364, 1-43
Parker, S.P. (ed). (1982). Synopsis and Classification of Living Organisms. McGraw-Hill, New York. 2 volumes. - via The Interim Register of Marine and Nonmarine Genera
Strand, Malin (2011) EchinodermataNN.xls. Excel-fi via mejll från Malin Strand 2011-02-17. - via Dyntaxa. Svensk taxonomisk databas
WoRMS (2013) Accessed through: World Register of Marine Species at http://www.marinespecies.eu/ - via Dyntaxa. Svensk taxonomisk databas
Hansson, G, Samuelsson, Cedhagen & Strand (2013) Nationalnyckeln till Sveriges flora och fauna. Tagghudingar–svalgsträngsdjur. Echinodermata– Hemichordata. - via Dyntaxa. Svensk taxonomisk databas
Hess H, Messing CG, Ausich WI (2011) Treatise on Invertebrate Paleontology, Part T, Echinodermata 2 Revised, Crinoidea vol. 3. University of Kansas Press, Lawrence, Kansas. - via World Register of Marine Species
Ubaghs G, Moore RC, Wienberg Rasmussen H, Lane NG, Breimer A, Strimple HL, Brower JC, Jeffords RM, Sprinkle J, Peck RE, Macurda Jr DB, Meyer DL, Roux M, Sieverts-Doreck H, Fay RO, Robison RA (1978) Crinoidea. In: Moore RC, Teichert C (eds.) Treatise on Invertebrate Paleontology. Pt. T, Echinodermata 2, vols. 1-3. Geological Society of America & University of Kansas Press, Boulder, Colorado & Lawrence [Vol. 1, p. i-xxxviii, Tl-T402; Volume 2, p. T403-T812; Volume 3, p. T813-Tl027] Kansas. p. - via World Register of Marine Species
Hansson, H.G. (2001). Echinodermata, in: Costello, M.J. et al. (Ed.) (2001). European register of marine species: a check-list of the marine species in Europe and a bibliography of guides to their identification. Collection Patrimoines Naturels,. 50: pp. 336-351. - via World Register of Marine Species
Miller JS (1821) A natural history of the Crinoidea or lily-shaped animals, with observations on the genera Asteria, Euryale, Comatula, and Marsupites. C. Frost. Bristol. 150 p., 50 pl. - via World Register of Marine Species
Smith, Andrew B., 1984: Classification of the Echinodermata. Palaeontology, vol 27, pt. 3. 431-459. - via Integrated Taxonomic Information System (ITIS)
Hendler, Gordon, John E. Miller, David L. Pawson, and Porter M. Kier, 1995: null. Sea Stars, Sea Urchins, and Allies: Echinoderms of Florida and the Caribbean. xi + 390. - via Integrated Taxonomic Information System (ITIS)
Brusca, Richard C., and Gary J. Brusca, 2002: null. Invertebrates, Second Edition. xx + 936. - via Integrated Taxonomic Information System (ITIS)
Hess H, Ausich WI, Brett CE, Simms MJ (1999) Fossil Crinoids. Cambridge University Press. Cambridge. 275 p. - via World Register of Marine Species
Data courtesy of: PBDB: The Paleobiology Database, Creative Commons CC-BY licenced. , GBIF: the Global Biodiversity Information Facility, various licences, iDigBio, various licences, and EOL: The Encyclopedia of Life (Open Data Public Domain). Because fossils are made of minerals too!
 
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