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Aves

Description

Birds are a group of warm-blooded vertebrates constituting the class Aves, characterized by feathers, toothless beaked jaws, the laying of hard-shelled eggs, a high metabolic rate, a four-chambered heart, and a strong yet lightweight skeleton. Birds are the only living dinosaurs, having evolved from feathered dinosaurs within the theropod group. Birds live worldwide and range in size from the 5 cm (2 in) bee hummingbird to the 2.75 m (9 ft) ostrich. There are about ten thousand living species, more than half of which are passerine, or "perching" birds. Birds have wings whose development varies according to species; the only known groups without wings are the extinct moa and elephant birds. Wings, which evolved from forelimbs, gave birds the ability to fly, although further evolution has led to the loss of flight in some birds, including ratites, penguins, and diverse endemic island species. The digestive and respiratory systems of birds are also uniquely adapted for flight. Some bird species of aquatic environments, particularly seabirds and some waterbirds, have further evolved for swimming.


Source Data
SourceIDLink
Global Biodiversity Information Facility ID (GBIF)212https://www.gbif.org/species/212
PaleoBioDB ID (PBDB)36616https://paleobiodb.org/classic/checkTaxonInfo?taxon_no=36616
Rankclass
Taxonomy (GBIF,PBDB)Life : Animalia : Chordata : Aves
Taxonomic Status (GBIF)accepted
Classification
RankNameAuthor
kingdomAnimaliaLinnaeus 1758
TriploblasticaLankester 1877
NephrozoaJondelius et al. 2002
DeuterostomiaGrobben 1908
phylumChordataHaeckel 1847
subphylumVertebrataLamarck 1801
superclassGnathostomataGegenbauer 1874
OsteichthyesHuxley 1880
SarcopterygiiRomer 1955
subclassDipnotetrapodomorpha(Nelson 2006)
subclassTetrapodomorphaAhlberg 1991
TetrapodaJaekel 1911
ReptiliomorphaSäve-Söderbergh 1934
AnthracosauriaSäve-Söderbergh 1934
BatrachosauriaEfremov 1946
CotylosauriaCope 1880
AmniotaHaeckel 1866
SauropsidaHuxley 1864
classReptiliaLaurenti 1768
subclassEureptiliaOlson 1947
RomeriidaGauthier et al. 1988
DiapsidaOsborn 1903
EosuchiaBroom 1914
NeodiapsidaBenton 1985
SauriaGauthier 1984
Archosauromorpha(Huene 1946)
CrocopodaEzcurra 2016
ArchosauriformesGauthier 1986
EucrocopodaEzcurra 2016
ArchosauriaCope 1869
informalAvemetatarsaliaBenton 1999
OrnithodiraGauthier 1986
DinosauromorphaBenton 1985
DinosauriformesNovas 1992
DinosauriaOwen 1842
SaurischiaSeeley 1888
TheropodaMarsh 1881
NeotheropodaBakker 1986
AverostraPaul 2002
TetanuraeGauthier 1986
orderAvetheropodaPaul 1988
suborderCoelurosauriaHuene 1914
ManiraptoraGauthier 1986
ParavesSereno 1997
classAvesLinnaeus 1758
Unranked entries are considered an unranked clade in modern classifications. Ranks may be repeated or presented in the wrong order because authors may disagree about how to rank taxa.
Scientific NameAves
Status (PBDB)extant
Taxon Size (PBDB)5,864
Extant Size (PBDB)3,020 (52%)
First Recorded Appearance168 - 165 Ma
Middle Jurassic
Environmentterrestrial (based on Theropoda)
Motilityactively mobile (based on Theropoda)
Dietcarnivore (based on Coelurosauria)
Reproductionoviparous, dispersal=direct/internal,mobile (based on Theropoda)
Ontogenyaccretion,modification of parts (based on Theropoda)
Taphonomyhydroxylapatite,compact or dense (based on Theropoda)
Primary Reference (PBDB)C. Linnaeus. 1758. Systema Naturae per Regna Tria Naturae, Secundum Classes, Ordines, Genera, Species, cum Characteribus, Differentiis, Synonymis, Locis. Editio Decima 1:1-824
Common Name(s) Bird, Birds
Wikipediahttps://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Aves

External Images

Fossil Distribution

Subtaxa

NameStatusCommon Name(s)Fossil OccurrencesOldestYoungest
Accipitriformes
order
accepted57250.3 Ma
Eocene
0 Ma
Extant
Anseriformes
order
acceptedWaterfowl1,37483.6 Ma
Late Cretaceous
0 Ma
Extant
Apodiformes
order
acceptedSwift856.0 Ma
Paleocene
0 Ma
Extant
Apterygiformes
order
acceptedKiwi1519.0 Ma
Miocene
0 Ma
Extant
Bucerotiformes
order
acceptedHornbill813.8 Ma
Miocene
0 Ma
Extant
Caprimulgiformes
order
acceptedNightjar16355.8 Ma
Eocene
0 Ma
Extant
Cariamiformes
order
accepted717.5 Ma
Miocene
0 Ma
Extant
Casuariiformes
order
acceptedCassowary1728.4 Ma
Oligocene
0 Ma
Extant
Charadriiformes
order
acceptedShorebird1,48183.5 Ma
Late Cretaceous
0 Ma
Extant
Ciconiiformes
order
accepted108136 Ma
Early Cretaceous
0 Ma
Extant
Coliiformes
order
acceptedMousebird1156.0 Ma
Paleocene
0 Ma
Extant
Columbiformes
order
acceptedDove57583.6 Ma
Late Cretaceous
0 Ma
Extant
Coraciiformes
order
accepted6956.8 Ma
Paleocene
0 Ma
Extant
Cuculiformes
order
acceptedCuckoo8658.7 Ma
Paleocene
0 Ma
Extant
Eurypygiformes
order
accepted50.01 Ma
Pleistocene
0 Ma
Extant
Falconiformes
order
acceptedRaptor21050.3 Ma
Eocene
0 Ma
Extant
Galliformes
order
acceptedFowl65783.5 Ma
Late Cretaceous
0 Ma
Extant
Gaviiformes
order
acceptedLoon9370.6 Ma
Late Cretaceous
0 Ma
Extant
Gruiformes
order
accepted70599.6 Ma
Late Cretaceous
0 Ma
Extant
Leptosomiformes
order
accepted458.7 Ma
Paleocene
0 Ma
Extant
Mesitornithiformes
order
accepted10.13 Ma
Pleistocene
0 Ma
Extant
Musophagiformes
order
accepted00 Ma
Extant
Opisthocomiformes
order
accepted329.0 Ma
Oligocene
0 Ma
Extant
Otidiformes
order
accepted1613.8 Ma
Miocene
0 Ma
Extant
Passeriformes
order
acceptedPerching Bird1,68638.0 Ma
Eocene
0 Ma
Extant
Pelecaniformes
order
accepted40470.6 Ma
Late Cretaceous
0 Ma
Extant
Phaethontiformes
order
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Phoenicopteriformes
order
acceptedFlamingo7155.8 Ma
Eocene
0 Ma
Extant
Piciformes
order
accepted11948.6 Ma
Eocene
0 Ma
Extant
Podicipediformes
order
acceptedGrebe17133.9 Ma
Oligocene
0 Ma
Extant
Procellariiformes
order
accepted71770.6 Ma
Late Cretaceous
0 Ma
Extant
Psittaciformes
order
acceptedParrot21759.2 Ma
Paleocene
0 Ma
Extant
Pteroclidiformes
order
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Rheiformes
order
accepted2358.7 Ma
Paleocene
0 Ma
Extant
Sphenisciformes
order
acceptedPenguin29666.0 Ma
Late Cretaceous
0 Ma
Extant
Strigiformes
order
acceptedOwl47461.7 Ma
Paleocene
0 Ma
Extant
Struthioniformes
order
accepted10041.3 Ma
Eocene
0 Ma
Extant
Suliformes
order
accepted57170.6 Ma
Late Cretaceous
0 Ma
Extant
Tinamiformes
order
acceptedTinamou1817.5 Ma
Miocene
0 Ma
Extant
Trogoniformes
order
acceptedTrogon856.0 Ma
Paleocene
0 Ma
Extant
Aberratiodontuidae
family
accepted0
Ambiortidae
family
accepted0
Apatornithidae
family
accepted0
Apsaravidae
family
accepted0
Archaeopterygidae
family
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Boluochidae
family
accepted0
Chaoyangidae
family
accepted0
Chaoyangornithidae
family
accepted0
Colymbidae
family
accepted13.60 Ma
Pliocene
0 Ma
Extant
Concornithidae
family
accepted0
Cursornithidae
family
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Cuspirostrisornithidae
family
accepted1125 Ma
Early Cretaceous
113 Ma
Early Cretaceous
Dinornithiformes
family
accepted6319.0 Ma
Miocene
Dromiceiidae
family
accepted00 Ma
Extant
Dryornithidae
family
accepted0
Enaliornithidae
family
accepted0
Enantiornithidae
family
accepted283.5 Ma
Late Cretaceous
66.0 Ma
Late Cretaceous
Enantiornithiformes
family
accepted0
Eoenantiornithiformes
family
accepted2125 Ma
Early Cretaceous
113 Ma
Early Cretaceous
Eurolimnornithidae
family
accepted0
Gansuidae
family
accepted0
Gobipterygidae
family
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Hermosiornithidae
family
accepted0
Hesperornithidae
family
accepted70101 Ma
Late Cretaceous
66.0 Ma
Late Cretaceous
Iberomesornithidae
family
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Ichthyornidae
family
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Ichthyornithidae
family
accepted0
Jeholornithidae
family
accepted0
Liaoningornithidae
family
accepted0
Liaoxiornithidae
family
accepted0
Limnornithidae
family
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Lithornidae
family
accepted0
Longirostravisidae
family
accepted0
Medioolithidae
family
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Megalapterygidae
family
accepted32.59 Ma
Pleistocene
Palaeociconiidae
family
accepted0
Palaeocursornithidae
family
accepted0
Patagopterygidae
family
accepted0
Phororhacosidae
family
acceptedTerror Bird0
Praeornithidae
family
accepted1164 Ma
Middle Jurassic
152 Ma
Late Jurassic
Procelaridae
family
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Protopterygidae
family
accepted0
Ptenopodiscidae
family
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Rahonavidae
family
accepted0
Sandcoleidae
family
accepted263.3 Ma
Paleocene
47.8 Ma
Eocene
Sapeornithidae
family
accepted0
Sinornithidae
family
accepted0
Sinosauropterygidae
family
accepted0
Songlingornithidae
family
accepted0
Stereornithidae
family
accepted0
Yanornithidae
family
accepted0
Yixianornithidae
family
accepted0
Zhyraornithidae
family
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Acanthiparus
genus
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Acanthylis
genus
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Acredula
genus
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Aedon
genus
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Aethiopsar
genus
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Aethorhynchus
genus
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Agathopus
genus
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Agrilorhinus
genus
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Alario
genus
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Alectrophasis
genus
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Amazilius
genus
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Analcipus
genus
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Anorthura
genus
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Anthodiaeta
genus
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Anuropsis
genus
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Arachnechthra
genus
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Arachnoraphis
genus
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Archibuteo
genus
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Areoturnix
genus
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Artamia
genus
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Artomyias
genus
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Asturia
genus
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Athenoptera
genus
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Avolatavis
genus
accepted0
Baeocerca
genus
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Banksianus
genus
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Bhringa
genus
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Bhuchanga
genus
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Biensis
genus
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Botha
genus
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Bourcieria
genus
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Brachypodius
genus
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Brachypternus
genus
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Brachyrhamphus
genus
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Broderipus
genus
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Bucia
genus
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Buglodytes
genus
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Butalis
genus
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Cactornis
genus
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Caereba
genus
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Calamanthella
genus
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Calamodyta
genus
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Calamoecetor
genus
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Calamornis
genus
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Calendula
genus
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Calophasis
genus
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Carine
genus
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Carvanaca
genus
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Caulodromus
genus
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Centrites
genus
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Cerchneipicus
genus
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Chalcurus
genus
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Chamaeospiza
genus
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Chaptia
genus
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Chatarrhaea
genus
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Chelidon
genus
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Chiromachaeris
genus
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Chlorodyta
genus
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Chlorospiza
genus
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Chrysomitridops
genus
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Chrysomitris
genus
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Cinnamopteryx
genus
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Cissopica
genus
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Clorhynchus
genus
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Collurio
genus
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Corax
genus
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Corydalla
genus
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Coryllis
genus
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Corythocichla
genus
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Cosmetornis
genus
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Coturniculus
genus
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Crocopus
genus
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Crucirostra
genus
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Cryptonix
genus
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Cultrides
genus
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Cultrunguis
genus
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Cyanomyia
genus
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Cyanomyias
genus
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Cyanops
genus
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Dasycephala
genus
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Delattria
genus
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Dendrobiastes
genus
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Dendrochelidon
genus
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Dendromanes
genus
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Desertipicus
genus
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Digenea
genus
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Diplopterus
genus
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Dissemuroides
genus
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Dorifera
genus
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Drepanoplectes
genus
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Drymocataphus
genus
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Drymoipus
genus
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Dryonastes
genus
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Dumeticola
genus
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Duncanula
genus
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Elasmonetta
genus
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Entomophila
genus
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Eremialector
genus
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Eriopus
genus
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Erythronota
genus
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Erythrosterna
genus
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Eudrepanis
genus
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Eulabes
genus
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Euprinodes
genus
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Eupsilostoma
genus
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Eupsychortyx
genus
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Euspiza
genus
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Eutolmaetus
genus
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Floricola
genus
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Franklinia
genus
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Fregilus
genus
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Fringalanda
genus
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Galeopsar
genus
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Gallita
genus
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Gallophasis
genus
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Globicera
genus
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Gnathospiza
genus
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Graucalus
genus
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Gruipeda
genus
accepted15201 Ma
Early Jurassic
191 Ma
Early Jurassic
Gymnogenys
genus
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Gymnopelia
genus
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Hapalocercus
genus
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Hapalophus
genus
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Heliotrypha
genus
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Hetaerornis
genus
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Heterhyphantes
genus
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Heterocorax
genus
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Heterura
genus
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Hierax
genus
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Horeites
genus
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Horizillas
genus
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Hydrobata
genus
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Hydrornis
genus
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Hypacanthis
genus
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Hyptiopus
genus
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Hypuroptila
genus
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Iache
genus
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Idopleura
genus
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Iolaema
genus
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Ixocincla
genus
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Ixops
genus
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Ixulus
genus
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Janthothorax
genus
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Jerdonia
genus
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Jora
genus
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Juida
genus
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Karrucincla
genus
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Kittacincla
genus
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Krimnochelidon
genus
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Kurukuru
genus
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Lagenoplastes
genus
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Laletes
genus
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Lampropygia
genus
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Lamprotreron
genus
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Laopteryx
genus
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Leioptila
genus
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Leucopolius
genus
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Lichenops
genus
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Lillia
genus
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Limnopardalus
genus
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Linota
genus
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Lithofalco
genus
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Lobiospiza
genus
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Loborhamphus
genus
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Lobornis
genus
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Lophotes
genus
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Macrocercus
genus
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Macrocorax
genus
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Mainatus
genus
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Malacocichla
genus
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Malacocircus
genus
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Malacolophus
genus
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Malacothraupis
genus
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Mecistura
genus
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Megalorhynchus
genus
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Megaloscelornis
genus
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Megalotis
genus
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Melanobucco
genus
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Melanocichla
genus
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Melanopteryx
genus
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Melias
genus
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Melizophilus
genus
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Merva
genus
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Mesia
genus
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Metoponia
genus
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Microcorax
genus
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Microperdix
genus
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Micropogon
genus
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Microtarsus
genus
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Molpastes
genus
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Myiomoira
genus
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Myletes
genus
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Myristicivora
genus
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Myrmophila
genus
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Myzantha
genus
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Nannocnus
genus
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Nasiterna
genus
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Neisna
genus
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Neoparadisea
genus
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Nesocentor
genus
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Nesonetta
genus
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Nigravis
genus
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Nisus
genus
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Notiocorys
genus
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Notodela
genus
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Ochthodiaeta
genus
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Ocyris
genus
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Oenops
genus
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Oligura
genus
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Ololygon
genus
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Omeotreron
genus
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Opetiorynchos
genus
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Ophrydornis
genus
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Oreocincla
genus
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Oreoperdix
genus
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Oreopyra
genus
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Oreosterops
genus
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Orpheus
genus
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Ortygometra
genus
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Ostinops
genus
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Otocompsa
genus
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Oxycerca
genus
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Oxyglossus
genus
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Oxyrhamphus
genus
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Pachyglossa
genus
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Pachyprora
genus
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Palaeobonasa
genus
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Palaeoperdix
genus
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Palaeoplancus
genus
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Paludicola
genus
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Palumbus
genus
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Parulus
genus
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Pedilorhynchus
genus
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Penthetriopsis
genus
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Phaeoptila
genus
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Phaiolaima
genus
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Phalacrotreron
genus
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Phlexis
genus
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Phoenicomanes
genus
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Phoenicornis
genus
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Phoenicothraupis
genus
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Phoenicura
genus
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Phonipara
genus
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Phyllopneuste
genus
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Phyllornis
genus
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Picolaptes
genus
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Pinarocichla
genus
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Piscivorenantiornis
genus
accepted1125 Ma
Early Cretaceous
113 Ma
Early Cretaceous
Poecilothraupis
genus
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Poliopsar
genus
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Poliospiza
genus
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Pounamua
genus
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Praxilla
genus
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Proparus
genus
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Propasser
genus
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Propyrrhula
genus
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Proturacus
genus
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Psammornis
genus
accepted0
Psaropholus
genus
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Pseudochloris
genus
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Pseudolalage
genus
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Pseudonematophila
genus
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Pseudornis
genus
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Pseudosicalis
genus
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Pseudotharrhaleus
genus
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Psittaculus
genus
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Pteroclurus
genus
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Ptilochloris
genus
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Ptilocolpa
genus
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Pyrgisoma
genus
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Pyrgita
genus
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Pyrrhospiza
genus
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Pyrrhulauda
genus
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Raperia
genus
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Raya
genus
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Regerhinus
genus
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Reguloides
genus
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Rhinocichla
genus
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Rhodophila
genus
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Rhopoterpe
genus
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Rhynchaspis
genus
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Sacfa
genus
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Sagmatorrhina
genus
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Sathrocercus
genus
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Satyra
genus
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Scientific
genus
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Scops
genus
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Scotocichla
genus
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Secretarius
genus
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Serresius
genus
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Setosura
genus
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Sibia
genus
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Sisopygis
genus
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Sparvius
genus
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Spermospiza
genus
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Spizalauda
genus
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Spizixus
genus
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Stactocichla
genus
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Staphida
genus
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Stelgidocichla
genus
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Stictapteryx
genus
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Stoparola
genus
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Stringonyx
genus
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Strobilophaga
genus
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Suya
genus
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Sycobius
genus
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Talpacotia
genus
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Tamatia
genus
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Tatare
genus
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Tchitrea
genus
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Tenthaca
genus
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Tephras
genus
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Tephrocorys
genus
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Teracus
genus
accepted133.9 Ma
Oligocene
28.4 Ma
Oligocene
Textor
genus
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Thaumatias
genus
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Thereiceryx
genus
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Theron
genus
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Thringorhina
genus
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Thriponax
genus
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Tiga
genus
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Tinnunculus
genus
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Toria
genus
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Tribura
genus
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Tripsurus
genus
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Trocaza
genus
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Turdinulus
genus
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Urile
genus
accepted00 Ma
Extant
Urobrachya
genus
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Urochroma
genus
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Urocichla
genus
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Urogalba
genus
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Vaginalis
genus
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Wetmoregyps
genus
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Xenocichla
genus
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Xylocota
genus
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Yalavis
genus
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Zonogastris
genus
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Zonophaps
genus
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Abrornis affinis
species
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Abrornis albogularis
species
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Abrornis castaniceps
species
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Abrornis chloronotus
species
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Abrornis chrysea
species
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Abrornis erochroa
species
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Abrornis flavigularis
species
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Abrornis fulvifacies
species
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Abrornis hodgsoni
species
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Abrornis jerdoni
species
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Abrornis olivacea
species
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Abrornis ripponi
species
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Abrornis schisticeps
species
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Abrornis superciliaris
species
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Aeithalus caroli
species
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Alaudula persica
species
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Alaudula seebohmi
species
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Alaudula somalica
species
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Anorhinus austeni
species
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Anthocichla phayrei
species
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Aulacorhamphus calorhynchus
species
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Aulacorhamphus cyanolaemus
species
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Aulacorhamphus erythrognathus
species
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Aulacorhamphus phaeolaemus
species
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Aulacorhamphus sexnotatus
species
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Aulacorhamphus whitelianus
species
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Bathyrhynchus brevirostris
species
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Bessonornis macclounii
species
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Bessonornis modesta
species
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Biparia rufigula
species
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Bledi batesi
species
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Brachyurus davisoni
species
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Brachyurus propinquus
species
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Brachyurus steerii
species
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Buchanga innexa
species
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Buchanga insularis
species
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Buchanga leucogenis
species
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Buchanga leucophaea
species
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Buchanga mouhoti
species
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Buchanga stigmatops
species
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Buchanga wallacei
species
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Calamacichla ansorgei
species
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Calendrella baetica
species
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Calliste argentea
species
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Calliste argyrofenges
species
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Calliste chrysonota
species
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Calliste chrysophrys
species
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Calliste coelicolor
species
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Calliste cyanescens
species
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Calliste cyanotis
species
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Calliste dowii
species
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Calliste florida
species
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Calliste fulvicervix
species
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Calliste gouldi
species
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Calliste inornata
species
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Calliste lamprotis
species
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Calliste lunigera
species
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Calliste melanotis
species
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Calliste punctulata
species
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Calliste ruficapilla
species
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Calliste rufigenis
species
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Calliste taylori
species
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Calliste venusta
species
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Calliste virescens
species
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Calliste whitelyi
species
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Calliste xanthogastra
species
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Callophasis humiae
species
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Canuophagus gutturalis
species
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Caprimuigus lentiginosus
species
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Ceblephyris javensis
species
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Cecropsis archetes
species
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Cecropsis arctivitta
species
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Cecropsis melanocrissus
species
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Celeopicus fraseri
species
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Ceromacra cinerascens
species
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Ceromacra hypomelaena
species
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Certhilaudi albescens
species
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Chalcostethia aspasia
species
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Charitocirus maculatus
species
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Chatorhea eclipes
species
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Chotorhea chrysopogon
species
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Chotorhea rafflesii
species
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Chrysopicus melanolaimus
species
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Cittocincla brevicauda
species
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Cittocincla cebuensis
species
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Cittocincla nigra
species
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Cittocincla nigrorum
species
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Coryphilus dryas
species
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Cotyle fulvipennis
species
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Cringer aureus
species
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Cryptonyx niger
species
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Culipeta schisticeps
species
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Cymochoria markhami
species
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Cynnyris mediocris
species
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Debdrocolaptes eytoni
species
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Defilippia burrowsii
species
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Denarocopus minor
species
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Dendropicus camerunensis
species
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Dendropicus fuscescens
species
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Dendropicus lafresnayi
species
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Dendropicus nandensis
species
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Dendropicus simoni
species
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Dendropicus xantholophus
species
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Dessornis humeralis
species
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Diphlogaena eva
species
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Diphlogaena hesperus
species
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Donacicola spectabilis
species
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Drymoeca blanfordi
species
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Drymoeca brachyptera
species
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Drymoeca flavirostris
species
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Drymoeca haesitata
species
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Drymoeca pekinensis
species
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Drymoeca swanzii
species
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Drymoepus rufescens
species
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Edoliisoma poliopsa
species
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Edoliisoma salomonis
species
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Edoliisoma timonense
species
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Edoliisoma utakwensis
species
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Edoliosoma alterum
species
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Elania cotta
species
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Eliminia longicauda
species
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Emphonia finschi
species
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Erythracus swynnertoni
species
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Ethyrura modesta
species
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Euethia johnstonei
species
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Euplocamus nobilis
species
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Eurycercus cinerascens
species
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Euscarthus impiger
species
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Euscarthymus impiger
species
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Eutriochis astur
species
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Formicovora speciosa
species
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Fregilus enca
species
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Fringillauda sordida
species
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Garralux waddelli
species
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Geocichla andamanensis
species
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Geocichla aurata
species
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Geocichla batesi
species
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Geocichla camaronensis
species
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Geocichla dixoni
species
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Geocichla erythronota
species
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Geocichla everetti
species
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Geocichla innotata
species
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Geocichla layardi
species
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Geocichla machiki
species
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Geocichla papuensis
species
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Geocichla rubecula
species
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Geocichla tricolor
species
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Glaucomyias sordida
species
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Glyciphilia notabilis
species
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Gracaulus tenuirostris
species
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Gymnorhis pyrgita
species
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Helminthophilia crissalis
species
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Hemixus canipennis
species
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Hemixus castanonotus
species
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Hemixus davisoni
species
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Hemixus hildebrandi
species
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Hemixus tickelli
species
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Heteroocercua aurantiiventris
species
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Hydlochelidon albostriata
species
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Hylopezas macularia
species
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Hypoxanthus atriceps
species
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Hyterhyphantes stephanophorus
species
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Hytochelidon nigricans
species
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Ianthoenas griseogularis
species
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Ianthoenas hypoenochroa
species
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Ianthoenas nicobarica
species
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Ianthoenas rawlinsoni
species
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Iora nigrolutea
species
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Iotreron eugeniae
species
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Ixidia paroticalis
species
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Ixidia webberi
species
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Iyngipicus canicapillus
species
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Iyngipicus doerriesi
species
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Iyngipicus fulvifasciatus
species
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Iyngipicus grandis
species
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Iyngipicus kizuki
species
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Iyngipicus peninsularis
species
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Iyngipicus picatus
species
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Iyngipicus pumilus
species
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Iyngipicus seebohmi
species
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Lagonisticta congica
species
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Lagonostica landanae
species
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Lepthasthenura paranensis
species
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Leucocerca burmanica
species
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Lioptila pulchella
species
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Lobipes incanus
species
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Lobipes tropicus
species
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Lobotus oriolinus
species
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Lyngipicus ramsayi
species
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Macrospherus flavicans
species
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Malacocercus huttoni
species
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Malimibus rubricollis
species
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Megabias aequatorialis
species
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Megapicus sclateri
species
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Melanoparus funereus
species
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Melittophagus meridionalis
species
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Melittophagus oreobates
species
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Mesobucco duvauceli
species
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Mesobucco duvaugli
species
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Mesobucco eximius
species
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Mesopicus decipiens
species
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Mesopicus goertae
species
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Mesopicus haematostigma
species
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Mesopicus johnstoni
species
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Mesopicus ruwenzori
species
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Mesopicus selysie
species
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Mfrafra africana
species
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Microura squamata
species
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Mimeta decipiens
species
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Mimeta meruloides
species
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Minodoria striaticeps
species
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Musicapa johnstoni
species
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Musicapula westermanni
species
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Musicicapula malayana
species
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Mylophoneus klossii
species
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Nessillas mariae
species
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Noctua maculata
species
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Noctua tarayensis
species
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Noctua tubiger
species
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Notiospar curaeus
species
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Nycticornx mandibularis
species
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Ochtoeca leucometopa
species
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Ornismia bonarpartei
species
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Ornismia torquata
species
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Ornysmia lindenii
species
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Oroecestes gularis
species
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Ortygops macmillani
species
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Ortygops notata
species
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Ostrelata cervicalis
species
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Ostrelata heraldica
species
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Ostrelata hypoleuca
species
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Ostrelata phaeopygia
species
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Ostrelata wilsoni
species
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Oththoeca poliogastra
species
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Otyphantes sharpii
species
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Paeoptera kenricki
species
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Phaeolaema cervinigularis
species
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Phaiopicus blythii
species
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Phaiopicus jerdonii
species
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Phlegoenas kubaryi
species
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Phlogoenas albicollis
species
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Phlogoenas bartletti
species
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Phlogoenas bimaculata
species
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Phlogoenas johannae
species
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Phlogoenas solomonensis
species
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Phormophlectes insignis
species
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Phyllmyias berlepschi
species
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Pinaornis rhodesiae
species
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Pinarolaema buckleyi
species
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Piprnmorpha oleaginea
species
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Platyrhnchus cancrominus
species
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Platyrhynchus albogularis
species
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Platyrhynchus cancrominus
species
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Platyrhynchus coronatus
species
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Platyrhynchus flavigularis
species
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Platyrhynchus griseiceps
species
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Platyrhynchus saturatus
species
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Platyrhynchus senex
species
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Plectorhycha lanceolata
species
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Ploceipasser donaldsoni
species
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Poliolophus basilanicus
species
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Poliolophus philippinensis
species
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Polionetta haringtoni
species
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Poliopicus johnstoni
species
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Poliositta azurea
species
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Prionchilus vincens
species
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Psarnpholus ardens
species
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Psaroglossa spiloptera
species
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Pseudohirundo griseopyga
species
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Psitticara leptorhynchus
species
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Pterythius aeralatus
species
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Pterythius pallidus
species
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Pterythius ricketti
species
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Pterythius xanthochloris
species
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Ptiocichla basilanica
species
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Pyctorhis altirostris
species
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Pyctorhis gracilis
species
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Pyctorhis griseigularis
species
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Pyctorhis longirostris
species
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Pyctorhis sinensis
species
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Pyrhocorax forsythi
species
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Pyronites superciliosus
species
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Pyrotogon fasciatus
species
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Rhamphocaenus albiventris
species
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Rhamphocaenus sanctaemarthae
species
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Rhectes nigrescens
species
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Rhectes phaeocephalus
species
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Rhodocanthis flaviceps
species
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Saya superciliaris
species
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Scelospizias pusillus
species
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Schizorhis leopoldi
species
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Scotornis climacurus
species
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Sericosomus olivaceiceps
species
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Seriolphus lunatus
species
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Sharpia ayresi
species
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Sigmodius mentalis
species
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Sigmodius scopifrons
species
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Specotheres flaviventris
species
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Sphenoecus fulvus
species
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Spirocorys razae
species
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Spizaeetus ayresii
species
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Stachyrhidopsis bhamoensis
species
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Stiphornis xanthogaster
species
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Tachyphorus albispecularis
species
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Telephonus jamesi
species
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Telephonus minutus
species
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Telephonus percivali
species
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Temnoris fulvifrons
species
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Tephropsilus hypostictus
species
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Tersiphone lindsayi
species
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Thalassodroma leucogaster
species
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Thrirponax philippinensis
species
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Trichalopterum erathrolaema
species
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Trochalopterum cinereiceps
species
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Trochalopterum cinnamomeum
species
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Trochalopterum erythrocephalum
species
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Trochalopterum erythrolaema
species
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Trochalopterum holerythrops
species
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Trochalopterum mendionale
species
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Trochalopterum milnei
species
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Trochalopterum morrisonianum
species
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Trochalopterum peninsulae
species
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Trochalopterum ramsayi
species
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Trochalopterum ripponi
species
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Trochalopterum sharpei
species
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Trochalopterum yunnanense
species
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Truon wakefieldii
species
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Turacus donaldsoni
species
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Turacus fischeri
species
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Turacus livingstonii
species
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Turacus sharpei
species
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Turdulus davisoni
species
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Tyrannicsus improbus
species
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Urospizias jardinei
species
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Urospizias natalis
species
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Vireolanus melitophrys
species
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Vireosylvia cobanensis
species
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Volvovicora intermedia
species
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Warsangli johannis
species
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Xanthiscus flavescens
species
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Xanthopygia affinis
species
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB

Unlinked PBDB sub-entries

NameStatusFossil OccurrencesExtantOldestYoungest
Cariamae
suborder
Not linked to GBIF81extant61.6 Ma
Paleocene
0.01 Ma
Pleistocene
Odontornithes
subclass
Not linked to GBIF0extinct
Metornithes
unranked clade
Not linked to GBIF0
Ignotornidae
family
Not linked to GBIF10extinct145 Ma
Late Jurassic
72.1 Ma
Late Cretaceous
Koreanaornipodidae
family
Not linked to GBIF16extinct151 Ma
Late Jurassic
Jindongornipodidae
family
Not linked to GBIF4extinct125 Ma
Early Cretaceous
101 Ma
Late Cretaceous
Pansphenisciformes
unranked clade
Not linked to GBIF0extant
Uhangrichnus
genus
Not linked to GBIF4extinct113 Ma
Early Cretaceous
66.0 Ma
Late Cretaceous
Pygostylia
unranked clade
Not linked to GBIF9,226extant168 Ma
Middle Jurassic
Sinosauropterygiformes
order
Not linked to GBIF0extinct
Palaeoaves
unranked clade
Not linked to GBIF2extinct157 Ma
Jurassic
125 Ma
Early Cretaceous
Eoaves
unranked clade
Not linked to GBIF8extinct61.6 Ma
Paleocene
37.2 Ma
Eocene
Shandongornipodidae
family
Not linked to GBIF1extinct129 Ma
Early Cretaceous
101 Ma
Late Cretaceous
Jeholornithiformes
order
Not linked to GBIF0extinct
Jeholornis
genus
Not linked to GBIF4extinct125 Ma
Early Cretaceous
113 Ma
Early Cretaceous
Crax
genus
Not linked to GBIF0extant
Manu
genus
Not linked to GBIF1extinct27.3 Ma
Oligocene
25.2 Ma
Oligocene
Shenzhouraptor
genus
Not linked to GBIF1extinct125 Ma
Early Cretaceous
122 Ma
Early Cretaceous
Omnivoropterygiformes
order
Not linked to GBIF1extinct125 Ma
Early Cretaceous
113 Ma
Early Cretaceous
Proornis
genus
Not linked to GBIF1extinct145 Ma
Late Jurassic
101 Ma
Late Cretaceous
Yandangithiformes
order
Not linked to GBIF1extinct83.5 Ma
Late Cretaceous
70.6 Ma
Late Cretaceous
Protoaviformes
order
Not linked to GBIF0extinct
Avimimiformes
order
Not linked to GBIF0extinct
Jixiangornis
genus
Not linked to GBIF1extinct125 Ma
Early Cretaceous
122 Ma
Early Cretaceous
Sinornithiformes
order
Not linked to GBIF0extinct
Gansuiformes
unranked clade
Not linked to GBIF0extinct
Gastornithiformes
order
Not linked to GBIF1161.6 Ma
Paleocene
47.8 Ma
Eocene
Tshulia
genus
Not linked to GBIF1extinct58.7 Ma
Paleocene
55.8 Ma
Eocene
Mystiornithiformes
order
Not linked to GBIF1125 Ma
Early Cretaceous
113 Ma
Early Cretaceous
Pangalliformes
unranked clade
Not linked to GBIF0extinct
Tatarornipes
genus
Not linked to GBIF4extinct130 Ma
Early Cretaceous
125 Ma
Early Cretaceous
Aegotheliformes
order
Not linked to GBIF0extinct
Qianshanornithidae
family
Not linked to GBIF166.0 Ma
Late Cretaceous
61.7 Ma
Paleocene
Barrosopus
genus
Not linked to GBIF1extinct83.5 Ma
Late Cretaceous
70.6 Ma
Late Cretaceous
Archaeornithipus
genus
Not linked to GBIF1extinct164 Ma
Middle Jurassic
101 Ma
Late Cretaceous
Longipennes
unranked clade
Not linked to GBIF0extinct
Odontoglossae
unranked clade
Not linked to GBIF0extant
Paludicolae
unranked clade
Not linked to GBIF0extant
Pachycorioolithidae
family
Not linked to GBIF1extinct113 Ma
Early Cretaceous
101 Ma
Late Cretaceous
Moguiornipes
genus
Not linked to GBIF1extinct145 Ma
Late Jurassic
101 Ma
Late Cretaceous
Mirandornithes
unranked clade
Not linked to GBIF0extant
Telmatoformes
order
Not linked to GBIF0extant
Micropodiformes
order
Not linked to GBIF0extinct
Psittacopedidae
family
Not linked to GBIF2extinct55.8 Ma
Eocene
40.4 Ma
Eocene
Limiavipedidae
family
Not linked to GBIF2extinct129 Ma
Early Cretaceous
101 Ma
Late Cretaceous
Kuszholiidae
family
Not linked to GBIF0extinct
Praeornithes
subclass
Not linked to GBIF1extinct164 Ma
Middle Jurassic
152 Ma
Late Jurassic
Gobioolithidae
family
Not linked to GBIF3extinct83.6 Ma
Late Cretaceous
70.6 Ma
Late Cretaceous
Ornithopappi
order
Not linked to GBIF0extinct
Eurhipidura
subclass
Not linked to GBIF0extant
Archornithes
subclass
Not linked to GBIF0extinct

Obsolete Names

NameSourceTaxon RankTaxonomy
Phyllomanes Gistl, 1848GBIFgenusAnimalia : Chordata : Aves : Phyllomanes
Lepturus Moehring, 1758GBIFgenusAnimalia : Chordata : Aves : Lepturus
Lophorus Billberg, 1828GBIFgenusAnimalia : Chordata : Aves : Lophorus

Synonymy List

YearName and Author
1758Aves Linnaeus p. 12
1852Protopelargus Reichenbach
1852Protopelargus meyeri Reichenbach
1852Tantaleus Reichenbach
1852Tantaleus brecciensis Reichenback
1866Aves Haeckel p. CXXXIX
1866Sauriurae Haeckel p. CXXXIX
1866Saururae Haeckel p. CXXXIX
1878Eupterornis remensis Lemoine
1880Saururae Marsh p. 187
1887Aves Baur p. 101
1890Saururae Zittel p. 820
1891Proherodius Lydekker
1891Proherodius oweni Lydekker
1898Aves Gadow p. 30
1902Aves Hay p. 517
1902Saururae Hay p. 518
1904Aves Case p. 58
1911Aves Jaekel p. 167
1933Eupterornis remensis Lambrecht p. 261
1933Proherodius Lambrecht p. 316
1933Proherodius oweni Lambrecht p. 316
1934Saururae Swinton p. 12
1934Aves Säve-Söderbergh p. 17
1954Aves Huene p. 57
1974Aves Bakker and Galton p. 171
1981Aves Thurmond and Jones p. 163
1982Aves Gardiner p. 229
1984Sauriurae Martin p. 146
1985Aves Gauthier and Padian pp. 190-191 fig. 2
1986Aves Bakker p. 460
1986Aves Gauthier p. 14
YearName and Author
1987Patagonichnornis Casamiquela
1989Aves Gauthier et al. p. 348
1989Aves Shoshani et al. p. 436
1990Aves Benton p. 19
1992Aves Novas p. 148
1993Aves Chatterjee p. 283
1995Aves Currie p. 25A
1995Aves Holtz, Jr. p. 35A
1995Tantaleus brecciensis Milkovsky
1996Aves Holtz, Jr. p. 42A
1997Sauriurae Hou
1997Aves Hutchinson and Padian p. 129
1997Aves Sereno p. 444
1998Aves Barnes
1998Aves Holtz, Jr. p. 40
1998Aves Sereno p. 65
1999Sauriurae Hou and Chen p. 834
1999Sauriurae Hou et al. p. 679
1999Aves Padian et al. p. 71 fig. 1
1999Aves Sereno p. 2139 fig. 2
2000Aves Holtz, Jr. pp. 35-36 fig. 5
2000Sauriurae Kurochkin p. 533
2001Aves Norell and Clarke p. 183
2002Aves Sepkoski, Jr.
2003Aves Rauhut p. 156
2004Aves Senter et al. p. 2 fig. 2
2005Aves Clarke et al. p. 307
2007Aves Chatterjee and Templin p. 1577 fig. 4
2007Aves Livezey and Zusi p. 89
2013Aves Kurochkin et al.
2014Aves O'Connor and Sullivan

References

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Haeckel E. , Generelle Morphologie der Organismen, Allgemeine Grundzuge der Organischen Formen-Wissenschaft, Mechanisch Begründet Durch die von Charles Darwin Reformirte Descendez-Theorie. Verlag von Georg Reimer, Berlin, CLX-462
Haeckel E. , Generelle Morphologie der Organismen, Allgemeine Grundzuge der Organischen Formen-Wissenschaft, Mechanisch Begründet Durch die von Charles Darwin Reformirte Descendez-Theorie. Verlag von Georg Reimer, Berlin, CLX-462
Haeckel E. , Generelle Morphologie der Organismen, Allgemeine Grundzuge der Organischen Formen-Wissenschaft, Mechanisch Begründet Durch die von Charles Darwin Reformirte Descendez-Theorie. Verlag von Georg Reimer, Berlin, CLX-462
Marsh O. C. Odontornithes: A monograph on the extinct toothed birds of North America, Report of the Geological Exploration of the Fortieth Parallel, made by order of the Secretary of War according to acts of Congress of March 2, 1867, and March 3, 1869, under the direction of Brig. and Bvt. Major General A. A. Humphreys, Chief of Engineers by Clarence King, U.S. Geologist. Government Printing Office, Washington, D.C. 7, 1-201
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Gadow H. , A Classification of Vertebrata Recent and Extinct, xvii-82
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Gauthier J. A., Padian K. (1985) Phylogenetic, functional, and aerodynamic analyses of the origin of birds and their flight, In M. K. Hecht, J. H. Ostrom, G. Viohl, and P. Wellnhofer (eds.), The Beginnings of Birds: Proceedings of the International Archaeopteryx Conference, Eichstätt 1984. Freunde des Jura-Museums Eichstätt, Eichstätt, 185-197
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Milkovsky J. (1995) Nomenclatural and taxonomic status of fossil birds described by H.G.L. Reichenbach in 1852, Courier Forschungsinstitut Senckenberg 181, 311-316
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Hou L., Martin L. D., et al (1999) A diapsid skull in a new species of the primitive bird Confuciusornis, Nature 399, 679-682
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Rauhut O. W. M. (2003) The interrelationships and evolution of basal theropod dinosaurs, Special Papers in Palaeontology 69, 1-213
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Clarke J. A., Tambussi C. P., et al (2005) Definitive fossil evidence for the extant avian radiation in the Cretaceous, Nature 433 20, 305-308
Livezey B. C., Zusi R. L. (2007) Higher-order phylogeny of modern birds (Theropoda, Aves: Neornithes) based on comparative anatomy. II. Analysis and discussion, Zoological Journal of the Linnean Society 149 1, 1-95
Kurochkin E. N., Chatterjee S., et al (2013) An emryonic enantiornithine bird and associated eggs from the Cretaceous of Mongolia, Paleontological Journal 47 11, 1252-1269
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Gordon Augustus H Bedford (1932) A synoptic check-list and hostlist of the ectoparasites found on South African Mammalia, Aves, Reptilia. Part II - via Phthiraptera.info
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Martín-Mateo,María Paz,J. Gallego (12/1977) Malófagos recogidos sobre aves en Cataluña (Mallophaga) - via Phthiraptera.info
Gutiérrez,P. N.,Martínez Gómez,F. J.,Navarrete,I.,Acosta,I. (1982) Parásitos de Corvidae (Aves: Passerformes) en el valle de los Pedroches (Córdoba). Primera relacion - via Phthiraptera.info
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Modrzejewska,Maria,Złotorzycka,Jadwiga,Towarnicka,I. (1997) Qualitative and quantitative study of biting lice (Mallophaga) from selected species of Charadriiformes (Aves) - via Phthiraptera.info
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Data courtesy of: PBDB: The Paleobiology Database, Creative Commons CC-BY licenced. , GBIF: the Global Biodiversity Information Facility, various licences, iDigBio, various licences, and EOL: The Encyclopedia of Life (Open Data Public Domain). Because fossils are made of minerals too!
 
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