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Rhynchonellata

Description

The Rhynchonelata is a class of Lower Cambrian to Recent articulate brachiopods that combines orders from within the Rhynchonelliformea (Articulata revised) with well developed pedicle attachment. Shell forms vary from those with wide hinge lines to beaked forms with virtually no hinge line and from generally smooth to strongly plicate. Most all are biconvex. Lophophores vary and include both looped and spiraled forms. Although morphologically distinct, included orders follow a consistent phylogenetic sequence.


Source Data
SourceIDLink
Global Biodiversity Information Facility ID (GBIF)210https://www.gbif.org/species/210
PaleoBioDB ID (PBDB)82921https://paleobiodb.org/classic/checkTaxonInfo?taxon_no=82921
Rankclass
Taxonomy (GBIF,PBDB)Life : Animalia : Brachiopoda : Rhynchonellata
Taxonomic Status (GBIF)accepted
Classification
(PBDB,GBIF)
RankNameAuthor
-Eukaryota
-OpisthokontaCavalier-Smith 1987
kingdomAnimalia
-Bilateria
-EubilateriaAx 1987
-ProtostomiaGrobben 1908
-Spiralia
superphylumLophotrochozoa
-Lophophorata
phylumBrachiopodaCuvier 1805
subphylumRhynchonelliformeaWilliams et al. 1996
classRhynchonellataWilliams et al. 1996
Scientific NameRhynchonellata
Opinions (PBDB)
NameRankOpinionEvidenceAuthor
Rhynchonellataclassbelongs to Rhynchonelliformeastated without evidenceChen and Shi, 1999
Rhynchonellataclassbelongs to Rhynchonelliformeastated with evidenceWilliams et al., 2000
Rhynchonellataclassbelongs to Rhynchonelliformeastated without evidenceFeldman, 2002
Rhynchonellataclassbelongs to Rhynchonelliformeastated with evidenceZuykov et al., 2008
Rhynchonellataclassbelongs to Rhynchonelliformeastated without evidenceKaim et al., 2010
Rhynchonellataclassbelongs to Rhynchonelliformeastated with evidenceHansen and Holmer, 2011
Status (PBDB)extant
Taxon Size (PBDB)11,916
Extant Size (PBDB)479 (4.0%)
First Recorded Appearance530 - 516 Ma
Cambrian
Motilitystationary, attached (based on Brachiopoda)
Visionblind
Dietsuspension feeder (based on Brachiopoda)
Taphonomylow Mg calcite (based on Brachiopoda)
Primary Reference (PBDB)A. Williams, S. J. Carlson, and C. H. C. Brunton, L. E. Holmer, L. E. Popov, M. Mergl, J. R. Laurie, M. G. Bassett, L. R. M. Cocks, J.-Y. Rong, S. S. Lazarev, R. E. Grant, P. R. Racheboeuf, Y.-G. Jin, B. R. Wardlaw, D. A. T. Harper, A. D. Wright, M. 2000. Part H Brachiopoda (revised): Volumes 2 & 3, Linguliformea, Craniiformea, Rhynchonelliformea (part). Treatise on Invertebrate Paleontology
Common Name(s) 嘴殻
Wikipediahttps://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Rhynchonellata

External Images

Subtaxa

NameStatusCommon Name(s)Fossil OccurrencesOldestYoungest
Athyridida
order
accepted (GBIF)
listed (PBDB)
12,507461 Ma
Middle Ordovician
183 Ma
Early Jurassic
Atrypida
order
accepted (GBIF)
listed (PBDB)
7,026472 Ma
Early Ordovician
201 Ma
Early Jurassic
Orthida
order
accepted (GBIF)
listed (PBDB)
20,218530 Ma
Cambrian
168 Ma
Middle Jurassic
Pentamerida
order
accepted (GBIF)
listed (PBDB)
3,797516 Ma
Cambrian
380 Ma
Late Devonian
Protorthida
order
accepted (GBIF)
listed (PBDB)
693530 Ma
Cambrian
383 Ma
Late Devonian
Rhynchonellida
order
accepted (GBIF)
listed (PBDB)
21,676488 Ma
Cambrian
0 Ma
Extant
Spiriferida
order
accepted (GBIF)
listed (PBDB)
18,760466 Ma
Middle Ordovician
183 Ma
Early Jurassic
Spiriferinida
order
accepted (GBIF)
listed (PBDB)
6,294443 Ma
Silurian
174 Ma
Middle Jurassic
Terebratulida
order
accepted (GBIF)
listed (PBDB)
17,002433 Ma
Silurian
0 Ma
Extant
Thecideida
order
accepted (GBIF)
listed (PBDB)
225242 Ma
Middle Triassic
0 Ma
Extant
Cadomelloidea
superfamily
listed (PBDB)5201 Ma
Early Jurassic
182 Ma
Early Jurassic
Cardiarinidae
family
accepted (GBIF)
listed (PBDB)
1304 Ma
Carboniferous
304 Ma
Carboniferous
Mongolellidae
family
accepted (GBIF)
listed (PBDB)
Tropidoleptidae
family
accepted (GBIF)
listed (PBDB)
446419 Ma
Early Devonian
383 Ma
Late Devonian
Arzonella
genus
accepted (GBIF)No associated record in PBDB
Cadomella
genus
accepted (GBIF)
listed (PBDB)
5201 Ma
Early Jurassic
182 Ma
Early Jurassic
Dentatrypa
genus
doubtful (GBIF)
listed (PBDB)
4411 Ma
Early Devonian
393 Ma
Early Devonian

Synonymy List

YearName and Author
1996Rhynchonellata Williams et al.
1999Rhynchonellata Chen and Shi
2000Rhynchonellata Williams et al.
2001Rhynchonellata Carlson p. 1111
2002Rhynchonellata Feldman p. 37
2003Rhynchonellata Benedetto
YearName and Author
2007Rhynchonellata Zuykov and Harper
2008Rhynchonellata Zuykov et al.
2010Rhynchonellata Kaim et al. p. 76
2011Rhynchonellata Hansen and Holmer
2014Rhynchonellata Jakobsen et al.
2017Rhynchonellata Liljeroth et al.

References

Williams A., Carlson S. J., et al (2000) Part H Brachiopoda (revised): Volumes 2 & 3, Linguliformea, Craniiformea, Rhynchonelliformea (part)., Treatise on Invertebrate Paleontology, 1-919
Chen Z. Q., Shi G. R. (1999) Chuiella gen. nov. (Brachiopoda) and palaeoecology from the Lower Carboniferous of the Kunlun Mountains, NW China, Alcheringa 23, 259-275
Carlson S. J. (2001) Ghosts of the Past, Present, and Future in Brachiopod Systematics, Journal of Paleontology 75 6, 1109-1118
Feldman H. R. (2002) A new species of Coenothyris (Brachiopoda) from the Triassic (Upper Anisian-Ladinian) of Israel, Journal of Paleontology 76 1, 34-42
Benedetto J. L. (2003) Early Ordovician (Arenig) brachiopods from volcanicalstic rocks of the Famatina Range, northwest Argentina, Journal of Paleontology 77 2, 212-242
Zuykov M. A., Harper D. A. T. (2007) Platystrophia (Orthida) and new related Ordovician and Early Silurian brachiopod genera, Estonian Journal of Earth Sciences 56, 11-34
Zuykov M. A., Terentiev S. S., et al (2008) New endemic brachiopod and echinoderm genera from the Upper Ordovician of the St. Petersburg region, northwestern Russia, Geological Society of Sweden, Geologiska Föreningen 130 2, 87-93
Kaim A., Bitner A., et al (2010) A monospecific assemblage of terebratulide brachiopods in the Upper Cretaceous seep deposits of Omagari, Hokkaido, Japan, Acta Palaeontologica Polonica 55 1, 73-84
Hansen J., Holmer L. E. (2011) Taxonomy and biostratigraphy of Ordovician brachiopods from northeastern Ny Friesland, Spitsbergen, Zootaxa 3076, 1-122
Jakobsen K. G., Brock G. A., et al (2014) Brachiopods associated with stromatoporoid mounds from the Middle to Upper Ordovician Cashions Creek Limestone, Tasmania, Memoirs of the Association of Australasian Palaeontologists 45 45, 249-265
Liljeroth M., Harper D. A. T., et al (2017) Ordovician rhynchonelliformean brachiopods from Co. Waterford, SE Ireland: Palaeobiogeography of the Leinster Terrane, Fossils and Strata 62, 1-164 doi:10.111/let.12205
Howson, C.M. (2001). Brachiopoda, in: Costello, M.J. et al. (Ed.) (2001). European register of marine species: a check-list of the marine species in Europe and a bibliography of guides to their identification. Collection Patrimoines Naturels, 50: pp. 334 - via World Register of Marine Species
Williams, A.; Carlson, S.; Brunton, C. H. C.; Holmer, L. E.; Popov, L. E. (1996). A supra-ordinal classification of the Brachiopoda. Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society, Biological Sciences. 351: 1117-1193. - via World Register of Marine Species
Data courtesy of: PBDB: The Paleobiology Database, Creative Commons CC-BY licenced. , GBIF: the Global Biodiversity Information Facility, various licences, iDigBio, various licences, and EOL: The Encyclopedia of Life (Open Data Public Domain). Because fossils are made of minerals too!
Data courtesy of: PBDB: The Paleobiology Database, Creative Commons CC-BY licenced. , GBIF: the Global Biodiversity Information Facility, various licences, iDigBio, various licences, and EOL: The Encyclopedia of Life (Open Data Public Domain). Because fossils are made of minerals too!
 
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