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Lingulata

Description

Lingulata is a class of brachiopods, among the oldest of all brachiopods having existed since the Cambrian period (541 million years ago). They are also among the most morphologically conservative of the brachiopods, having lasted from their earliest appearance to the present with very little change in shape. Shells of living specimens found today in the waters around Japan are almost identical to ancient Cambrian fossils.


Source Data
SourceIDLink
Global Biodiversity Information Facility ID (GBIF)209https://www.gbif.org/species/209
PaleoBioDB ID (PBDB)26323https://paleobiodb.org/classic/checkTaxonInfo?taxon_no=26323
Rankclass
Taxonomy (GBIF,PBDB)Life : Animalia : Brachiopoda : Lingulata
Taxonomic Status (GBIF)accepted
Classification
RankNameAuthor
kingdomAnimaliaLinnaeus 1758
Bilateria
EubilateriaAx 1987
ProtostomiaGrobben 1908
Spiralia
superphylumLophotrochozoa
Lophophorata
phylumBrachiopodaCuvier 1805
subphylumLinguliformeaWilliams et al. 1996
classLingulataGorjansky and Popov 1985
Unranked entries are considered an unranked clade in modern classifications. Ranks may be repeated or presented in the wrong order because authors may disagree about how to rank taxa.
Scientific NameLingulata
Status (PBDB)extant
Taxon Size (PBDB)900
Extant Size (PBDB)41 (4.6%)
First Recorded Appearance541 - 520 Ma
Cambrian
Motilitystationary, attached (based on Brachiopoda)
Visionblind
Dietsuspension feeder (based on Brachiopoda)
Taphonomylow Mg calcite (based on Brachiopoda)
Primary Reference (PBDB)J. J. Sepkoski, Jr. 2002. A compendium of fossil marine animal genera. Bulletins of American Paleontology 363:1-560
Wikipediahttps://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Lingulata

External Images

Fossil Distribution

Subtaxa

NameStatusCommon Name(s)Fossil OccurrencesOldestYoungest
Acrotretida
order
accepted1,458541 Ma
Cambrian
66.0 Ma
Late Cretaceous
Lingulida
order
accepted5,279541 Ma
Cambrian
0 Ma
Extant
Siphonotretida
order
accepted174516 Ma
Cambrian
269 Ma
Permian
Anabolotretidae
family
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Curticidae
family
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Linguliporidae
family
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Ptychopeltidae
family
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Dearbornia
genus
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Westralicrania
genus
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB

Unlinked PBDB sub-entries

NameStatusFossil OccurrencesExtantOldestYoungest
Discinida
order
Not linked to GBIF2extinct456 Ma
Late Ordovician
431 Ma
Silurian

Synonymy List

YearName and Author
1985Lingulata Gorjansky and Popov
1993Lingulata Holmer
2000Lingulata Popov
2000Lingulata Williams et al. p. 30
2001Lingulata Carlson p. 1111
2002Lingulata Sepkoski, Jr.
YearName and Author
2003Lingulata Emig
2006Lingulata Emig and Herrera p. 231
2008Lingulata Peng and Shi p. 156
2009Lingulata Holmer and Bengtson p. 257
2011Lingulata Hansen and Holmer
2017Lingulata Skovsted et al.

References

Sepkoski, Jr. J. J. (2002) A compendium of fossil marine animal genera, Bulletins of American Paleontology 363, 1-560
Holmer L. E. (1993) The Lower Ordovician brachiopod genus Lamanskya and the Family Elkaniidae, Transactions of the Royal Society of Edinburgh: Earth Sciences 84, 151-160
Popov L. E. (2000) Late Ordovician linguliformean microbrachiopods from north-central Kazakhstan, Alcheringa 24, 257-275
Williams A., Carlson S. J., et al (2000) Part H Brachiopoda (revised): Volumes 2 & 3, Linguliformea, Craniiformea, Rhynchonelliformea (part)., Treatise on Invertebrate Paleontology, 1-919
Carlson S. J. (2001) Ghosts of the Past, Present, and Future in Brachiopod Systematics, Journal of Paleontology 75 6, 1109-1118
Emig C. C., Herrera Z. (2006) Dignomia munsterii (Brachiopoda, Lingulata) from the Ordovician of Bolivia, with redescription of the genus, Geodiversitas 28 2, 227-237
Peng Y., Shi G. R. (2008) New Early Triassic Lingulidae (Brachiopoda) genera and species from South China, Alcheringa 32, 149-170
Holmer L. E., Bengtson P. (2009) The first occurrence of a lingulid brachiopod from the Cretaceous of Sergipe, Brazil, with a restudy of ‘Lingula’ bagualensis Wilckens, 1905 from southern Patagonia, Palaeontologische Zeitschrift 83, 255-266
Hansen J., Holmer L. E. (2011) Taxonomy and biostratigraphy of Ordovician brachiopods from northeastern Ny Friesland, Spitsbergen, Zootaxa 3076, 1-122
Skovsted C. B., Knight I., et al (2017) Depth related brachiopod faunas from the lower Cambrian Forteau Formation of southern Labrador and western Newfoundland, Canada, Palaeontologia Electronica 20.3 54A, 1-52
Gorjansky, V. Y.; Popov, L. E. (1985). Morfologiya, sistematicheskoe polozhenie i proiskhozhdenie bezzamkovykh brakhiopod s karbonatnoj rakovinoj. [The morphology, systematic position, and origin of inarticulate brachiopods with carbonate shells]. Paleontologicheskii Zhurnal. 3: 3-13. - via World Register of Marine Species
Holmer, L. E. (2001). Phylogeny and classification: Linguliformea and Craniiformea. Paleontological Society Papers. 7, 11-26. - via World Register of Marine Species
Gorjansky, V. Y.; Popov, L. E. (1985). Morfologiya, sistematicheskoe polozhenie i proiskhozhdenie bezzamkovykh brakhiopod s karbonatnoj rakovinoj. [The morphology, systematic position, and origin of inarticulate brachiopods with carbonate shells]. Paleontologicheskii Zhurnal. 3: 3-13. - via World Register of Introduced Marine Species (WRiMS)
Holmer, L. E. (2001). Phylogeny and classification: Linguliformea and Craniiformea. Paleontological Society Papers. 7, 11-26. - via World Register of Introduced Marine Species (WRiMS)
Data courtesy of: PBDB: The Paleobiology Database, Creative Commons CC-BY licenced. , GBIF: the Global Biodiversity Information Facility, various licences, iDigBio, various licences, and EOL: The Encyclopedia of Life (Open Data Public Domain). Because fossils are made of minerals too!
 
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