登录注册
主页关于 MindatMindat手册Mindat的历史版权Who We Are联系我们于 Mindat.org刊登广告
捐赠给 MindatCorporate Sponsorship赞助板页已赞助的板页在 Mindat刊登 广告的广告商于 Mindat.org刊登广告
Learning CenterWhat is a mineral?The most common minerals on earthInformation for EducatorsMindat ArticlesThe Elements书籍及杂志
搜索矿物的性质搜索矿物的化学Advanced Locality Search随意显示任何一 种矿物Random Locality使用minID搜索邻近产地Search Articles搜索词汇表更多搜索选项
搜索:
矿物名称:
地区产地名称:
关键字:
 
Mindat手册添加新照片Rate Photos产区编辑报告Coordinate Completion Report添加词汇表项目
Mining Companies统计会员列表Mineral Museums矿物展及活动The Mindat目录表设备设置
照片搜索Photo Galleries今天最新的照片昨天最新的照片用户照片相集过去每日精选照片相集Mineral Photography
BETA TEST - Fossil data and pages are very much experimental and under development. Please report any problems

Hydrozoa

Description

Hydrozoa (hydrozoans, from ancient Greek ὕδωρ, hydro, "water" and ζῷον, zoon, "animal") are a taxonomic class of individually very small, predatory animals, some solitary and some colonial, most living in salt water. The colonies of the colonial species can be large, and in some cases the specialized individual animals cannot survive outside the colony. A few genera within this class live in fresh water. Hydrozoans are related to jellyfish and corals and belong to the phylum Cnidaria.


Source Data
SourceIDLink
Global Biodiversity Information Facility ID (GBIF)205https://www.gbif.org/species/205
PaleoBioDB ID (PBDB)4596https://paleobiodb.org/classic/checkTaxonInfo?taxon_no=4596
Rankclass
Taxonomy (GBIF,PBDB)Life : Animalia : Cnidaria : Hydrozoa
Taxonomic Status (GBIF)accepted
Classification
RankNameAuthor
kingdomAnimaliaLinnaeus 1758
phylumCnidariaHatschek 1888
subphylumMedusozoa
classHydrozoaOwen 1843
Unranked entries are considered an unranked clade in modern classifications. Ranks may be repeated or presented in the wrong order because authors may disagree about how to rank taxa.
Scientific NameHydrozoa
Status (PBDB)extant
Taxon Size (PBDB)160
Extant Size (PBDB)23 (14%)
First Recorded Appearance635 - 541 Ma
Neoproterozoic
Motilitystationary, attached
Visionblind
Dietcarnivore, suspension feeder
Ecospace CommentsCOMMENTS: Includes erect, surficial, and pelagic tiering, non-motile attached, facultatively motile attach, non-motile unattached, and fully motile slow motility, and suspension-feeding, predation, photosymbiosis.
Taphonomyaragonite
Primary Reference (PBDB)J. J. Sepkoski, Jr. 2002. A compendium of fossil marine animal genera. Bulletins of American Paleontology 363:1-560
Common Name(s) Hydralike Animals, Hydroids, Hydrozoans, Hydromedusae
Wikipediahttps://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Hydrozoa

External Images

Fossil Distribution

Subtaxa

NameStatusCommon Name(s)Fossil OccurrencesOldestYoungest
Actinulida
order
accepted00 Ma
Extant
Anthoathecata
order
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Leptothecata
order
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Limnomedusae
order
accepted3247 Ma
Early Triassic
242 Ma
Middle Triassic
Narcomedusae
order
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Siphonophorae
order
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Trachymedusae
order
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Amphicaryoninae
family
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Calycellidae
family
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Chondroplidae
family
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Conchopeltidae
family
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Inocaulidae
family
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Lemniscateridae
family
accepted13247 Ma
Early Triassic
222 Ma
Late Triassic
Oceanidae
family
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Octocannoidae
family
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Paragotoeidae
family
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Pentasmiliidae
family
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Pulemidae
family
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Rhabdohydridae
family
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Archaeocryptolaria
genus
accepted0
Archaeolafoea
genus
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Bullatella
genus
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Cambrohydra
genus
accepted1520 Ma
Cambrian
516 Ma
Cambrian
Cancellistroma
genus
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Concentristroma
genus
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Eisenackiella
genus
accepted186.3 Ma
Late Cretaceous
83.6 Ma
Late Cretaceous
Eoporpita
genus
accepted8635 Ma
Neoproterozoic
541 Ma
Cambrian
Fungistroma
genus
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Kullingia
genus
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Lorenzinites
genus
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Mesodendrium
genus
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Ovatoscutum
genus
accepted3635 Ma
Neoproterozoic
541 Ma
Cambrian
Palaeacmea
genus
accepted2478 Ma
Early Ordovician
458 Ma
Middle Ordovician
Palaelophacmaea
genus
accepted3130 Ma
Early Cretaceous
125 Ma
Early Cretaceous
Palaeoaplysina
genus
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Parkeria
genus
accepted7105 Ma
Early Cretaceous
93.5 Ma
Late Cretaceous
Plumalina
genus
accepted6384 Ma
Middle Devonian
359 Ma
Late Devonian
Pontifennia
genus
accepted1472 Ma
Early Ordovician
466 Ma
Middle Ordovician
Amphipora nattressi
species
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Camptostroma resseri
species
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Chaetetes wyomingensis
species
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Errinia boschmai
species
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Errinia cheilopora
species
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Errinia cyclopora
species
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Errinia fascicularis
species
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Errinia lowei
species
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Ferestromatopora turbinata
species
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Laomedia gigantea
species
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Pasytheca dubia
species
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Pasytheca griffini
species
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Pasytheca nodosa
species
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Rhizorageum roseum
species
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB

Unlinked PBDB sub-entries

NameStatusFossil OccurrencesExtantOldestYoungest
Trachylinida
order
Not linked to GBIF0
Hydroida
order
Not linked to GBIF29extant520 Ma
Cambrian
66.0 Ma
Late Cretaceous
Siphonophorida
order
Not linked to GBIF2extant427 Ma
Silurian
419 Ma
Early Devonian
Milleporina
order
Not linked to GBIF165extant388 Ma
Middle Devonian
Stylasterina
order
Not linked to GBIF40extant70.6 Ma
Late Cretaceous
0.13 Ma
Pleistocene
Lemniscaterina
order
Not linked to GBIF13extinct247 Ma
Early Triassic
222 Ma
Late Triassic
Sphaeractinida
order
Not linked to GBIF7extinct105 Ma
Early Cretaceous
93.5 Ma
Late Cretaceous
Spongiomorphida
order
Not linked to GBIF129extinct254 Ma
Permian
47.8 Ma
Eocene
Tubulariae
order
Not linked to GBIF2extant85.8 Ma
Late Cretaceous
33.9 Ma
Oligocene
Hydrocorallinae
order
Not linked to GBIF2247 Ma
Early Triassic
206 Ma
Late Triassic
Fistulella
genus
Not linked to GBIF10extinct427 Ma
Silurian
393 Ma
Early Devonian
Chondrophorina
suborder
Not linked to GBIF0extinct

Synonymy List

YearName and Author
1843Hydrozoa Owen
1904Hydrozoa Ulrich p. 433
1998Hydrozoa Barnes p. 183
2002Hydrozoa Sepkoski, Jr.
2013Hydrozoa Kayal et al.

References

Sepkoski, Jr. J. J. (2002) A compendium of fossil marine animal genera, Bulletins of American Paleontology 363, 1-560
Ulrich E. O. (1904) Hydrozoa, Maryland Geological Survey Miocene Text, 433-437
Kayal E., Roure B., et al (2013) Cnidarian phylogenetic relationships as revealed by mitogenomics, BMC Evolutionary Biology 13, 5
Gärdenfors, Ulf, Hall, Ragnar, Hallingbäck, Tomas, Hansson, Hans G. & Hedström, Lars (2003) Djur, svampar och växter i Sverige 2003. Förteckning över antal arter per familj. ArtDatabanken Rapporterar 5, ArtDatabanken, Uppsala. (reviderad excelfil med svenska djurfamiljer). - via Dyntaxa. Svensk taxonomisk databas
Calder, R. (2012) On a collection of hydroids (Cnidaria, Hydrozoa, Hydroidolina) from the west coast of Sweden, with a checklist of species from the region - via Dyntaxa. Svensk taxonomisk databas
WoRMS (2015) Accessed through World Register of Marine Species at http://www.marinespecies.org/ - via Dyntaxa. Svensk taxonomisk databas
Cairns, Stephen D., Dale R. Calder, Anita Brinckmann-Voss, Clovis B. Castro, Daphne G. Fautin,..., 2002: Common and Scientific Names of Aquatic Invertebrates from the United States and Canada: Cnidaria and Ctenophora, Second Edition, 2002. American Fisheries Society Special Publication 28. xi + 115. - via Integrated Taxonomic Information System (ITIS)
Grassé, Pierre-P., ed., 1993: null. Traité de Zoologie: Anatomie, Systématique, Biologie: Cnidaires, Hydrazoaires, Scyphozoaires, Cubozoaires, Cténaires, Tome 3, fascicule 2. 1-1117. - via Integrated Taxonomic Information System (ITIS)
Moore, Raymond C., 1956: null. Treatise on Invertebrate Paleontology. Part F: Coelenterata. xx + F1-F498. - via Integrated Taxonomic Information System (ITIS)
Oosterbaan, A. (1985) - via Taxa Watermanagement the Netherlands (TWN)
Vervoort, W. & Faasse, M. (2009) - via Taxa Watermanagement the Netherlands (TWN)
Parker, S.P. (ed). (1982). Synopsis and Classification of Living Organisms. McGraw-Hill, New York. 2 volumes. - via The Interim Register of Marine and Nonmarine Genera
Cartwright, P., & Collins, A. G. 2007. Class Hydrozoa. in: Daly, M., Brugler, M. R., Cartwright, P., Collins, A. G., Dawson, M. N., France, S. C., McFadden, C. S., Opresko, D. M., Rodriguez, E., Romano, S., & Stake, J. 2007. The phylum Cnidaria: A review of phylogenetic patterns and diversity 300 years after Linnaeus. Zootaxa 1668: 127-182. - via World Register of Introduced Marine Species (WRiMS)
Cartwright, P., & Collins, A. G. 2007. Class Hydrozoa. in: Daly, M., Brugler, M. R., Cartwright, P., Collins, A. G., Dawson, M. N., France, S. C., McFadden, C. S., Opresko, D. M., Rodriguez, E., Romano, S., & Stake, J. 2007. The phylum Cnidaria: A review of phylogenetic patterns and diversity 300 years after Linnaeus. Zootaxa 1668: 127-182. - via World Register of Marine Species
Owen, R., 1843. Lectures on the comparative anatomy and physiology of the invertebrate animals. - via World Register of Introduced Marine Species (WRiMS)
Owen, R., 1843. Lectures on the comparative anatomy and physiology of the invertebrate animals. - via World Register of Marine Species
Data courtesy of: PBDB: The Paleobiology Database, Creative Commons CC-BY licenced. , GBIF: the Global Biodiversity Information Facility, various licences, iDigBio, various licences, and EOL: The Encyclopedia of Life (Open Data Public Domain). Because fossils are made of minerals too!
 
矿物 and/or 产地  
版权所有© mindat.org1993年至2020年,除了规定的地方。 Mindat.org全赖于全球数千个以上成员和支持者们的参与。
隐私政策 - 条款和条款细则 - 联络我们 Current server date and time: 2020.2.24 15:32:38
Go to top of page