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Actinopterygii

Description

Actinopterygii, or the ray-finned fishes, constitute a class or subclass of the bony fishes.


Source Data
SourceIDLink
Global Biodiversity Information Facility ID (GBIF)204https://www.gbif.org/species/204
PaleoBioDB ID (PBDB)67345https://paleobiodb.org/classic/checkTaxonInfo?taxon_no=67345
Rankclass (GBIF)
superclass (PBDB)
Taxonomy (GBIF,PBDB)Life : Animalia : Chordata : Actinopterygii
Taxonomic Status (GBIF)accepted
Classification
(PBDB,GBIF)
RankNameAuthor
-Eukaryota
-OpisthokontaCavalier-Smith 1987
kingdomAnimalia
-TriploblasticaLankester 1877
-NephrozoaJondelius et al. 2002
-DeuterostomiaGrobben 1908
phylumChordataHaeckel 1847
subphylumVertebrataLamarck 1801
superclassGnathostomataGegenbauer 1874
-Osteichthyes
classActinopterygii
Common Nameray-finned fish
Scientific NameActinopterygii
Opinions (PBDB)
NameRankOpinionEvidenceAuthor
Actinopterygiiorderbelongs to Teleostomistated with evidenceGadow, 1898
Actinopterygiiorderbelongs to Teleostomistated without evidenceWoodward, 1902
Actinopterygiiorderbelongs to Piscesstated without evidenceLambe, 1908
Actinopterygiiclassbelongs to Teleostomistated without evidenceWoodward, 1916
Actinopterygiiclassbelongs to Osteichthyesstated without evidenceDaly, 1973
Actinopterygiiclassbelongs to Osteichthyesstated with evidenceAhlberg, 1991
Actinopterygiiclassbelongs to Osteichthyesstated without evidenceCvancara and Hoganson, 1993
Actinopterygiiclassbelongs to Teleostomistated without evidenceZalohar et al., 2009
Actinopterygiiclassbelongs to Osteichthyesstated without evidencePoyato-Ariza, 2010
Actinopterygiisuperclassbelongs to Osteichthyesstated with evidenceBetancur-R et al., 2013
Actinopterygiiclassbelongs to Chordatastated without evidenceFourriére et al., 2014
Status (PBDB)extant
Taxon Size (PBDB)7,061
Extant Size (PBDB)2,101 (30%)
First Recorded Appearance388 - 383 Ma
Devonian
Environmentmarine (based on Vertebrata)
Motilityactively mobile
Taphonomyphosphatic (based on Vertebrata)
Primary Reference (PBDB)A. Meyer and R. Zardoya. 2003. Recent advances in the (molecular) phylogeny of vertebrates. Annual Review of Ecology, Evolution, and Systematics 34:311-338
Common Name(s) Strålfeniga Fiskar, Ray-finned Fishes, Променепері, 条鰭, Ray-finned Fish, Beenvissen, Strahlenflosser
Wikipediahttps://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Actinopterygii

External Images

Subtaxa

NameStatusCommon Name(s)Fossil OccurrencesOldestYoungest
Actinopteri
class
listed (PBDB)12,624388 Ma
Middle Devonian
0 Ma
Extant
Cladistia
class
listed (PBDB)58101 Ma
Late Cretaceous
0 Ma
Extant
Polypteri
superorder
listed (PBDB)0 Ma
Extant
Acipenseriformes
order
accepted (GBIF)
listed (PBDB)
233252 Ma
Permian
0 Ma
Extant
Aeduelliformes
order
listed (PBDB)5323 Ma
Carboniferous
296 Ma
Permian
Albuliformes
order
accepted (GBIF)
listed (PBDB)
Bonefish134112 Ma
Early Cretaceous
0 Ma
Extant
Amiiformes
order
accepted (GBIF)
listed (PBDB)
Bowfin544254 Ma
Permian
0 Ma
Extant
Anguilliformes
order
accepted (GBIF)
listed (PBDB)
Eel219145 Ma
Late Jurassic
0 Ma
Extant
Asarotiformes
order
listed (PBDB)183.6 Ma
Late Cretaceous
83.6 Ma
Late Cretaceous
Ateleopodiformes
order
accepted (GBIF)
listed (PBDB)
Jellynose Fish0 Ma
Extant
Atheriniformes
order
accepted (GBIF)
listed (PBDB)
Silverside1856.0 Ma
Paleocene
0 Ma
Extant
Aulopiformes
order
accepted (GBIF)
listed (PBDB)
80129 Ma
Early Cretaceous
0 Ma
Extant
Batrachoidiformes
order
accepted (GBIF)
listed (PBDB)
Toadfish2547.8 Ma
Eocene
0 Ma
Extant
Beloniformes
order
accepted (GBIF)
listed (PBDB)
4756.0 Ma
Paleocene
0 Ma
Extant
Beryciformes
order
accepted (GBIF)
listed (PBDB)
103101 Ma
Late Cretaceous
0 Ma
Extant
Bobastraniiformes
order
listed (PBDB)
Cetomimiformes
order
accepted (GBIF)
listed (PBDB)
0 Ma
Extant
Characiformes
order
accepted (GBIF)
listed (PBDB)
18683.6 Ma
Late Cretaceous
0 Ma
Extant
Clupeiformes
order
accepted (GBIF)
listed (PBDB)
260129 Ma
Early Cretaceous
0 Ma
Extant
Cypriniformes
order
accepted (GBIF)
listed (PBDB)
Carp-like Fish277152 Ma
Late Jurassic
0 Ma
Extant
Cyprinodontiformes
order
accepted (GBIF)
listed (PBDB)
1972.1 Ma
Late Cretaceous
0 Ma
Extant
Discordichthyiformes
order
listed (PBDB)19269 Ma
Permian
259 Ma
Permian
Elopiformes
order
accepted (GBIF)
listed (PBDB)
234156 Ma
Jurassic
0 Ma
Extant
Esociformes
order
accepted (GBIF)
listed (PBDB)
7785.8 Ma
Late Cretaceous
0 Ma
Extant
Eurynotoidiformes
order
listed (PBDB)34273 Ma
Permian
259 Ma
Permian
Gadiformes
order
accepted (GBIF)
listed (PBDB)
38866.0 Ma
Late Cretaceous
0 Ma
Extant
Gasterosteiformes
order
accepted (GBIF)
listed (PBDB)
1659.2 Ma
Paleocene
0 Ma
Extant
Gobiesociformes
order
accepted (GBIF)
listed (PBDB)
0 Ma
Extant
Gonorynchiformes
order
accepted (GBIF)No associated record in PBDB
Gymnotiformes
order
accepted (GBIF)
listed (PBDB)
0 Ma
Extant
Isospondyli
order
listed (PBDB)10166 Ma
Middle Jurassic
0 Ma
Extant
Lampriformes
order
accepted (GBIF)
listed (PBDB)
211.6 Ma
Miocene
0 Ma
Extant
Lepisosteiformes
order
accepted (GBIF)
listed (PBDB)
Gar813247 Ma
Early Triassic
0 Ma
Extant
Lophiiformes
order
accepted (GBIF)
listed (PBDB)
Anglerfish4766.0 Ma
Late Cretaceous
0 Ma
Extant
Mugiliformes
order
accepted (GBIF)
listed (PBDB)
1833.9 Ma
Oligocene
0 Ma
Extant
Myctophiformes
order
accepted (GBIF)
listed (PBDB)
457101 Ma
Late Cretaceous
0 Ma
Extant
Notacanthiformes
order
accepted (GBIF)
listed (PBDB)
448.6 Ma
Eocene
0 Ma
Extant
Ophidiiformes
order
accepted (GBIF)
listed (PBDB)
22672.1 Ma
Late Cretaceous
0 Ma
Extant
Osmeriformes
order
accepted (GBIF)
listed (PBDB)
328.4 Ma
Oligocene
0 Ma
Extant
Osteoglossiformes
order
accepted (GBIF)
listed (PBDB)
131168 Ma
Middle Jurassic
0 Ma
Extant
Paramblypteriformes
order
listed (PBDB)12307 Ma
Carboniferous
265 Ma
Permian
Perciformes
order
accepted (GBIF)
listed (PBDB)
Perch-like Fish68283.6 Ma
Late Cretaceous
0 Ma
Extant
Percopsiformes
order
accepted (GBIF)
listed (PBDB)
770.6 Ma
Late Cretaceous
0 Ma
Extant
Pleuronectiformes
order
accepted (GBIF)
listed (PBDB)
Flatfish141130 Ma
Early Cretaceous
0 Ma
Extant
Polymixiiformes
order
accepted (GBIF)
listed (PBDB)
Beardfish1499.6 Ma
Late Cretaceous
0 Ma
Extant
Polypteriformes
order
accepted (GBIF)
listed (PBDB)
58101 Ma
Late Cretaceous
0 Ma
Extant
Saccopharyngiformes
order
accepted (GBIF)
listed (PBDB)
0 Ma
Extant
Salmoniformes
order
accepted (GBIF)
listed (PBDB)
208125 Ma
Early Cretaceous
0 Ma
Extant
Scorpaeniformes
order
accepted (GBIF)
listed (PBDB)
3347.8 Ma
Eocene
0 Ma
Extant
Siluriformes
order
accepted (GBIF)
listed (PBDB)
Catfish642152 Ma
Late Jurassic
0 Ma
Extant
Stephanoberyciformes
order
accepted (GBIF)
listed (PBDB)
0 Ma
Extant
Stomiiformes
order
accepted (GBIF)
listed (PBDB)
133101 Ma
Late Cretaceous
0 Ma
Extant
Synbranchiformes
order
accepted (GBIF)
listed (PBDB)
0 Ma
Extant
Syngnathiformes
order
accepted (GBIF)
listed (PBDB)
8856.0 Ma
Paleocene
0 Ma
Extant
Tarrasiiformes
order
listed (PBDB)1345 Ma
Carboniferous
345 Ma
Carboniferous
Tetraodontiformes
order
accepted (GBIF)
listed (PBDB)
178105 Ma
Early Cretaceous
0 Ma
Extant
Trachichthyiformes
order
listed (PBDB)
Zeiformes
order
accepted (GBIF)
listed (PBDB)
447.8 Ma
Eocene
0 Ma
Extant
Aetheospondyli
suborder
listed (PBDB)3101 Ma
Late Cretaceous
0 Ma
Extant
Protospondyli
suborder
listed (PBDB)
Acentrophoridae
family
accepted (GBIF)No associated record in PBDB
Aceratiidae
family
accepted (GBIF)No associated record in PBDB
Acrolepididae
family
accepted (GBIF)No associated record in PBDB
Aeduellidae
family
accepted (GBIF)
listed (PBDB)
5323 Ma
Carboniferous
296 Ma
Permian
Aeduelliidae
family
accepted (GBIF)No associated record in PBDB
Aesopichthyidae
family
accepted (GBIF)
listed (PBDB)
9326 Ma
Carboniferous
326 Ma
Carboniferous
Aetheodontidae
family
accepted (GBIF)No associated record in PBDB
Alabidae
family
accepted (GBIF)No associated record in PBDB
Allothrissopidae
family
accepted (GBIF)No associated record in PBDB
Amblypteridae
family
accepted (GBIF)No associated record in PBDB
Amphicentridae
family
accepted (GBIF)No associated record in PBDB
Anarrhichthyidae
family
accepted (GBIF)No associated record in PBDB
Ankylophoridae
family
accepted (GBIF)No associated record in PBDB
Anoplopomidae
family
accepted (GBIF)No associated record in PBDB
Aphareidae
family
accepted (GBIF)No associated record in PBDB
Apidosiidae
family
accepted (GBIF)No associated record in PBDB
Archaeomaenidae
family
accepted (GBIF)No associated record in PBDB
Asarotidae
family
accepted (GBIF)
listed (PBDB)
183.6 Ma
Late Cretaceous
83.6 Ma
Late Cretaceous
Ascalaboidae
family
accepted (GBIF)No associated record in PBDB
Ascelichthyidae
family
accepted (GBIF)No associated record in PBDB
Asineopidae
family
accepted (GBIF)No associated record in PBDB
Aspidophoroididae
family
accepted (GBIF)No associated record in PBDB
Aspidorhynchidae
family
accepted (GBIF)No associated record in PBDB
Asterodontidae
family
accepted (GBIF)No associated record in PBDB
Atherstoniidae
family
accepted (GBIF)No associated record in PBDB
Atopoclinidae
family
accepted (GBIF)No associated record in PBDB
Bajaichthyidae
family
accepted (GBIF)No associated record in PBDB
Birgeriidae
family
accepted (GBIF)No associated record in PBDB
Bleekeriidae
family
accepted (GBIF)No associated record in PBDB
Blennioidei
family
accepted (GBIF)No associated record in PBDB
Blepsiidae
family
accepted (GBIF)No associated record in PBDB
Bobasatraniidae
family
accepted (GBIF)No associated record in PBDB
Boreolepidae
family
accepted (GBIF)No associated record in PBDB
Boreolepididae
family
accepted (GBIF)No associated record in PBDB
Bovictidae
family
accepted (GBIF)No associated record in PBDB
Brachydegmidae
family
accepted (GBIF)No associated record in PBDB
Brembodontidae
family
accepted (GBIF)No associated record in PBDB
Bunocephalidae
family
accepted (GBIF)No associated record in PBDB
Butidae
family
accepted (GBIF)No associated record in PBDB
Calamoichthyidae
family
accepted (GBIF)No associated record in PBDB
Callipurbeckiidae
family
accepted (GBIF)No associated record in PBDB
Canobiidae
family
accepted (GBIF)No associated record in PBDB
Carbovelidae
family
accepted (GBIF)No associated record in PBDB
Catervariolidae
family
accepted (GBIF)No associated record in PBDB
Cebidichthyidae
family
accepted (GBIF)No associated record in PBDB
Centrolepidae
family
accepted (GBIF)
listed (PBDB)
2199 Ma
Early Jurassic
197 Ma
Early Jurassic
Centrolepididae
family
accepted (GBIF)No associated record in PBDB
Cephaloxenidae
family
accepted (GBIF)No associated record in PBDB
Chanoididae
family
accepted (GBIF)No associated record in PBDB
Characinidae
family
accepted (GBIF)No associated record in PBDB
Characodontidae
family
accepted (GBIF)No associated record in PBDB
Cheirolepididae
family
accepted (GBIF)No associated record in PBDB
Chimarrhichthyidae
family
accepted (GBIF)No associated record in PBDB
Chirodontidae
family
accepted (GBIF)No associated record in PBDB
Chongichthyidae
family
accepted (GBIF)No associated record in PBDB
Chuhsiungichthiidae
family
accepted (GBIF)No associated record in PBDB
Chuhsiungichthyidae
family
accepted (GBIF)No associated record in PBDB
Cladocyclidae
family
accepted (GBIF)No associated record in PBDB
Cleiothrolepididae
family
accepted (GBIF)No associated record in PBDB
Cleithrolepididae
family
accepted (GBIF)No associated record in PBDB
Coccocephalichthyidae
family
accepted (GBIF)No associated record in PBDB
Coccodontidae
family
accepted (GBIF)No associated record in PBDB
Coccolepidae
family
accepted (GBIF)No associated record in PBDB
Coccolepididae
family
accepted (GBIF)No associated record in PBDB
Colobodontidae
family
accepted (GBIF)No associated record in PBDB
Commentryidae
family
accepted (GBIF)No associated record in PBDB
Coridae
family
accepted (GBIF)No associated record in PBDB
Cornuboniscidae
family
accepted (GBIF)No associated record in PBDB
Cosmoptychiidae
family
accepted (GBIF)No associated record in PBDB
Cottocomerphoridae
family
accepted (GBIF)No associated record in PBDB
Cryphiolepididae
family
accepted (GBIF)No associated record in PBDB
Cyclolepidae
family
accepted (GBIF)
listed (PBDB)
548.6 Ma
Eocene
48.6 Ma
Eocene
Dalliidae
family
accepted (GBIF)No associated record in PBDB
Dapediidae
family
accepted (GBIF)No associated record in PBDB
Denticidae
family
accepted (GBIF)No associated record in PBDB
Derepodichthyidae
family
accepted (GBIF)No associated record in PBDB
Dicellopygidae
family
accepted (GBIF)No associated record in PBDB
Dictyopygidae
family
accepted (GBIF)No associated record in PBDB
Diphyodontidae
family
accepted (GBIF)No associated record in PBDB
Diploprionidae
family
accepted (GBIF)No associated record in PBDB
Discordichthyidae
family
accepted (GBIF)
listed (PBDB)
19269 Ma
Permian
259 Ma
Permian
Dorsetichthyidae
family
accepted (GBIF)No associated record in PBDB
Dwykiidae
family
accepted (GBIF)No associated record in PBDB
Elassomidae
family
accepted (GBIF)No associated record in PBDB
Elonichthyidae
family
accepted (GBIF)No associated record in PBDB
Emblemariidae
family
accepted (GBIF)No associated record in PBDB
Eoplethodidae
family
accepted (GBIF)No associated record in PBDB
Eosemionotidae
family
accepted (GBIF)No associated record in PBDB
Erilepidae
family
accepted (GBIF)No associated record in PBDB
Etheostomidae
family
accepted (GBIF)No associated record in PBDB
Eurycormidae
family
accepted (GBIF)No associated record in PBDB
Eurynotoidiidae
family
accepted (GBIF)
listed (PBDB)
34273 Ma
Permian
259 Ma
Permian
Evenkiidae
family
accepted (GBIF)No associated record in PBDB
Ferrifronsidae
family
accepted (GBIF)No associated record in PBDB
Fitzroyiidae
family
accepted (GBIF)No associated record in PBDB
Flutidae
family
accepted (GBIF)No associated record in PBDB
Fuyuanperleididae
family
accepted (GBIF)No associated record in PBDB
Gabanellidae
family
accepted (GBIF)No associated record in PBDB
Gebrayelichthyidae
family
accepted (GBIF)No associated record in PBDB
Gigactinidae
family
accepted (GBIF)No associated record in PBDB
Gladiopycnodontidae
family
accepted (GBIF)No associated record in PBDB
Glaucosomidae
family
accepted (GBIF)No associated record in PBDB
Gobioidei
family
accepted (GBIF)No associated record in PBDB
Gonatodidae
family
accepted (GBIF)No associated record in PBDB
Gooeidae
family
accepted (GBIF)No associated record in PBDB
Guildayichthyidae
family
accepted (GBIF)No associated record in PBDB
Gyrodontidae
family
accepted (GBIF)No associated record in PBDB
Habroichthyidae
family
accepted (GBIF)No associated record in PBDB
Hadrodontidae
family
accepted (GBIF)No associated record in PBDB
Haplolepididae
family
accepted (GBIF)No associated record in PBDB
Helostomidae
family
accepted (GBIF)No associated record in PBDB
Hemerocoetidae
family
accepted (GBIF)No associated record in PBDB
Henicichthyidae
family
accepted (GBIF)No associated record in PBDB
Hippoglossidae
family
accepted (GBIF)No associated record in PBDB
Holuridae
family
accepted (GBIF)No associated record in PBDB
Hoplopagridae
family
accepted (GBIF)No associated record in PBDB
Hysterocarpidae
family
accepted (GBIF)No associated record in PBDB
Ichthyodectidae
family
accepted (GBIF)No associated record in PBDB
Ichthyokentemidae
family
accepted (GBIF)No associated record in PBDB
Jordaniidae
family
accepted (GBIF)No associated record in PBDB
Kentuckiidae
family
accepted (GBIF)No associated record in PBDB
Koonwarriidae
family
accepted (GBIF)No associated record in PBDB
Kyphosichthyidae
family
accepted (GBIF)No associated record in PBDB
Labroidei
family
accepted (GBIF)No associated record in PBDB
Lawniidae
family
accepted (GBIF)No associated record in PBDB
Lepidoglanidae
family
accepted (GBIF)No associated record in PBDB
Lepidosteidae
family
accepted (GBIF)No associated record in PBDB
Lepidotidae
family
accepted (GBIF)
listed (PBDB)
3166 Ma
Middle Jurassic
93.5 Ma
Late Cretaceous
Leptolepididae
family
accepted (GBIF)No associated record in PBDB
Liparopidae
family
accepted (GBIF)No associated record in PBDB
Luganoiidae
family
accepted (GBIF)No associated record in PBDB
Lycodapodidae
family
accepted (GBIF)No associated record in PBDB
Macrouroididae
family
accepted (GBIF)No associated record in PBDB
Marcopoloichthyidae
family
accepted (GBIF)No associated record in PBDB
Medidae
family
accepted (GBIF)No associated record in PBDB
Mesturidae
family
accepted (GBIF)No associated record in PBDB
Milyeringidae
family
accepted (GBIF)No associated record in PBDB
Mimiidae
family
accepted (GBIF)No associated record in PBDB
Muglioididae
family
accepted (GBIF)No associated record in PBDB
Muraenolepidae
family
accepted (GBIF)No associated record in PBDB
Neolabridae
family
accepted (GBIF)No associated record in PBDB
Neoletherinidae
family
accepted (GBIF)No associated record in PBDB
Neophrynichthyidae
family
accepted (GBIF)No associated record in PBDB
Niphonidae
family
accepted (GBIF)No associated record in PBDB
Nursallidae
family
accepted (GBIF)No associated record in PBDB
Oligopleuridae
family
accepted (GBIF)
listed (PBDB)
1125 Ma
Early Cretaceous
125 Ma
Early Cretaceous
Oligoridae
family
accepted (GBIF)No associated record in PBDB
Ophicephalidae
family
accepted (GBIF)No associated record in PBDB
Ophioclinidae
family
accepted (GBIF)No associated record in PBDB
Ophiodontidae
family
accepted (GBIF)No associated record in PBDB
Ophiopsiellidae
family
accepted (GBIF)No associated record in PBDB
Ophiopsiidae
family
accepted (GBIF)No associated record in PBDB
Opisthomyzonidae
family
accepted (GBIF)No associated record in PBDB
Osorioichthyidae
family
accepted (GBIF)No associated record in PBDB
Oxylebiidae
family
accepted (GBIF)No associated record in PBDB
Pachycormidae
family
accepted (GBIF)No associated record in PBDB
Palaeoniscidae
family
accepted (GBIF)
listed (PBDB)
287384 Ma
Middle Devonian
145 Ma
Late Jurassic
Panxianichthyidae
family
accepted (GBIF)No associated record in PBDB
Paraclupeidae
family
accepted (GBIF)No associated record in PBDB
Peltopleuridae
family
accepted (GBIF)No associated record in PBDB
Periophthalmidae
family
accepted (GBIF)No associated record in PBDB
Perleididae
family
accepted (GBIF)No associated record in PBDB
Phanerorhynchidae
family
accepted (GBIF)No associated record in PBDB
Pharyngopilidae
family
accepted (GBIF)No associated record in PBDB
Pholidicthyidae
family
accepted (GBIF)No associated record in PBDB
Pholidophoridae
family
accepted (GBIF)No associated record in PBDB
Pholidopleuridae
family
accepted (GBIF)No associated record in PBDB
Platysiagidae
family
accepted (GBIF)No associated record in PBDB
Platysomidae
family
accepted (GBIF)No associated record in PBDB
Plethodidae
family
accepted (GBIF)No associated record in PBDB
Pleuropholidae
family
accepted (GBIF)No associated record in PBDB
Poecilidae
family
accepted (GBIF)No associated record in PBDB
Polyacanthidae
family
accepted (GBIF)No associated record in PBDB
Polymerichthyidae
family
accepted (GBIF)No associated record in PBDB
Polzbergiidae
family
accepted (GBIF)No associated record in PBDB
Pomadasidae
family
accepted (GBIF)No associated record in PBDB
Priscacaridae
family
accepted (GBIF)No associated record in PBDB
Prohaleciteidae
family
accepted (GBIF)No associated record in PBDB
Protobramidae
family
accepted (GBIF)No associated record in PBDB
Protosyngnathidae
family
accepted (GBIF)No associated record in PBDB
Psammichthyidae
family
accepted (GBIF)No associated record in PBDB
Pseudobeaconiidae
family
accepted (GBIF)No associated record in PBDB
Pteropsaridae
family
accepted (GBIF)No associated record in PBDB
Ptycholepididae
family
accepted (GBIF)No associated record in PBDB
Pycnodontes
family
accepted (GBIF)
listed (PBDB)
282296 Ma
Permian
0 Ma
Extant
Pycnodontidae
family
accepted (GBIF)No associated record in PBDB
Pygaeidae
family
accepted (GBIF)No associated record in PBDB
Pygidiidae
family
accepted (GBIF)No associated record in PBDB
Pygopteridae
family
accepted (GBIF)No associated record in PBDB
Redfieldiidae
family
accepted (GBIF)No associated record in PBDB
Rhabdolepidae
family
accepted (GBIF)No associated record in PBDB
Rhabodlepidae
family
accepted (GBIF)No associated record in PBDB
Rhadinichthyidae
family
accepted (GBIF)No associated record in PBDB
Rhegmatidae
family
accepted (GBIF)No associated record in PBDB
Rogeniidae
family
accepted (GBIF)No associated record in PBDB
Runulidae
family
accepted (GBIF)No associated record in PBDB
Saurichthyidae
family
accepted (GBIF)
listed (PBDB)
292265 Ma
Permian
168 Ma
Middle Jurassic
Saurodontidae
family
accepted (GBIF)No associated record in PBDB
Sauropsidae
family
accepted (GBIF)
listed (PBDB)
Scanilepididae
family
accepted (GBIF)No associated record in PBDB
Sciaenoidei
family
accepted (GBIF)No associated record in PBDB
Scomberoidei
family
accepted (GBIF)No associated record in PBDB
Scorpaenichthyidae
family
accepted (GBIF)No associated record in PBDB
Scorpidae
family
accepted (GBIF)No associated record in PBDB
Semiophoridae
family
accepted (GBIF)No associated record in PBDB
Sinipercidae
family
accepted (GBIF)No associated record in PBDB
Siphonognathidae
family
accepted (GBIF)No associated record in PBDB
Siyuichthyidae
family
accepted (GBIF)No associated record in PBDB
Sorbinichthyidae
family
accepted (GBIF)No associated record in PBDB
Sparisomidae
family
accepted (GBIF)No associated record in PBDB
Sparoidei
family
accepted (GBIF)
listed (PBDB)
219101 Ma
Late Cretaceous
0 Ma
Extant
Sphaerodontidae
family
accepted (GBIF)No associated record in PBDB
Stegotrachelidae
family
accepted (GBIF)No associated record in PBDB
Strepheoschematidae
family
accepted (GBIF)No associated record in PBDB
Styracopteridae
family
accepted (GBIF)No associated record in PBDB
Synapturidae
family
accepted (GBIF)No associated record in PBDB
Synchridae
family
accepted (GBIF)No associated record in PBDB
Tarrasiidae
family
accepted (GBIF)No associated record in PBDB
Tegeolepididae
family
accepted (GBIF)No associated record in PBDB
Thoracopteridae
family
accepted (GBIF)No associated record in PBDB
Trissolepididae
family
accepted (GBIF)No associated record in PBDB
Tungusichthyidae
family
accepted (GBIF)No associated record in PBDB
Uarbrichthyidae
family
accepted (GBIF)No associated record in PBDB
Unamichthyidae
family
accepted (GBIF)No associated record in PBDB
Urosthenidae
family
accepted (GBIF)No associated record in PBDB
Varialepididae
family
accepted (GBIF)No associated record in PBDB
Verilidae
family
accepted (GBIF)No associated record in PBDB
Willomorichthyidae
family
accepted (GBIF)No associated record in PBDB
Xenesthidae
family
accepted (GBIF)No associated record in PBDB
Xenichthyidae
family
accepted (GBIF)No associated record in PBDB
Xiphiostomidae
family
accepted (GBIF)No associated record in PBDB
Xiphisternidae
family
accepted (GBIF)No associated record in PBDB
Yelangichthyidae
family
accepted (GBIF)No associated record in PBDB
Aetheretmon
genus
accepted (GBIF)
listed (PBDB)
Aethocephalichthys
genus
accepted (GBIF)
listed (PBDB)
185.8 Ma
Late Cretaceous
85.8 Ma
Late Cretaceous
Akanolepis
genus
doubtful (GBIF)
listed (PBDB)
Akromystax
genus
accepted (GBIF)No associated record in PBDB
Ameghinichthys
genus
accepted (GBIF)
listed (PBDB)
1151 Ma
Late Jurassic
151 Ma
Late Jurassic
Anapterus
genus
accepted (GBIF)
listed (PBDB)
Andalusias
genus
accepted (GBIF)No associated record in PBDB
Andreolepis
genus
accepted (GBIF)No associated record in PBDB
Aneurolepis
genus
accepted (GBIF)
listed (PBDB)
6247 Ma
Early Triassic
242 Ma
Middle Triassic
Angatubichthys
genus
accepted (GBIF)No associated record in PBDB
Angolaichthys
genus
accepted (GBIF)No associated record in PBDB
Apateodus
genus
accepted (GBIF)
listed (PBDB)
7105 Ma
Early Cretaceous
72.1 Ma
Late Cretaceous
Aphelolepis
genus
accepted (GBIF)No associated record in PBDB
Apomesodon
genus
accepted (GBIF)No associated record in PBDB
Arcodonichthys
genus
accepted (GBIF)No associated record in PBDB
Arduafrons
genus
accepted (GBIF)No associated record in PBDB
Armigatus
genus
accepted (GBIF)No associated record in PBDB
Asialepidotus
genus
accepted (GBIF)No associated record in PBDB
Asiatolepis
genus
accepted (GBIF)No associated record in PBDB
Atacamichthys
genus
accepted (GBIF)No associated record in PBDB
Atkinsonella
genus
accepted (GBIF)
listed (PBDB)
111.6 Ma
Miocene
11.6 Ma
Miocene
Aulolepis
genus
accepted (GBIF)
listed (PBDB)
Australichthys
genus
doubtful (GBIF)
listed (PBDB)
Avonichthys
genus
listed (PBDB)1359 Ma
Late Devonian
359 Ma
Late Devonian
Baoqingichthys
genus
accepted (GBIF)
listed (PBDB)
14254 Ma
Permian
252 Ma
Permian
Bavarichthys
genus
accepted (GBIF)No associated record in PBDB
Beagiascus
genus
accepted (GBIF)
listed (PBDB)
4326 Ma
Carboniferous
326 Ma
Carboniferous
Beishanichthys
genus
accepted (GBIF)No associated record in PBDB
Caelatichthys
genus
accepted (GBIF)No associated record in PBDB
Camposichthys
genus
accepted (GBIF)No associated record in PBDB
Cerinichthys
genus
accepted (GBIF)No associated record in PBDB
Chandlerichthys
genus
accepted (GBIF)No associated record in PBDB
Chanoides
genus
accepted (GBIF)No associated record in PBDB
Cheirodopsis
genus
accepted (GBIF)
listed (PBDB)
1345 Ma
Carboniferous
345 Ma
Carboniferous
Cheirothrix
genus
accepted (GBIF)
listed (PBDB)
Chondrosteus
genus
accepted (GBIF)No associated record in PBDB
Chuhsiungichthys
genus
accepted (GBIF)No associated record in PBDB
Cipactlichthys
genus
accepted (GBIF)No associated record in PBDB
Coccocephalichthys
genus
accepted (GBIF)No associated record in PBDB
Cooyoo
genus
accepted (GBIF)No associated record in PBDB
Cornuboniscus
genus
accepted (GBIF)No associated record in PBDB
Crenilepis
genus
accepted (GBIF)No associated record in PBDB
Crossognathus
genus
accepted (GBIF)No associated record in PBDB
Ctenothrissa
genus
accepted (GBIF)
listed (PBDB)
193.5 Ma
Late Cretaceous
93.5 Ma
Late Cretaceous
Cuneognathus
genus
accepted (GBIF)
listed (PBDB)
1372 Ma
Late Devonian
372 Ma
Late Devonian
Dactylopogon
genus
accepted (GBIF)
listed (PBDB)
Daninia
genus
accepted (GBIF)No associated record in PBDB
Daqingshaniscus
genus
accepted (GBIF)No associated record in PBDB
Dialipina
genus
accepted (GBIF)No associated record in PBDB
Dinopteryx
genus
doubtful (GBIF)
listed (PBDB)
Diplospondichthys
genus
accepted (GBIF)
listed (PBDB)
199.6 Ma
Late Cretaceous
99.6 Ma
Late Cretaceous
Ducanichthys
genus
accepted (GBIF)No associated record in PBDB
Ebenaqua
genus
accepted (GBIF)No associated record in PBDB
Echidnocephalus
genus
accepted (GBIF)
listed (PBDB)
189.8 Ma
Late Cretaceous
89.8 Ma
Late Cretaceous
Elopoides
genus
accepted (GBIF)No associated record in PBDB
Enchelurus
genus
accepted (GBIF)
listed (PBDB)
Eurypoma
genus
accepted (GBIF)
listed (PBDB)
1156 Ma
Jurassic
156 Ma
Jurassic
Exocoetoides
genus
doubtful (GBIF)
listed (PBDB)
Flugopterus
genus
accepted (GBIF)No associated record in PBDB
Frodoichthys
genus
accepted (GBIF)No associated record in PBDB
Fukangichthys
genus
accepted (GBIF)No associated record in PBDB
Gigapteryx
genus
accepted (GBIF)No associated record in PBDB
Gimlichthys
genus
accepted (GBIF)No associated record in PBDB
Gracilignathichthys
genus
accepted (GBIF)No associated record in PBDB
Grimmenodon
genus
accepted (GBIF)No associated record in PBDB
Guaymayenia
genus
accepted (GBIF)
listed (PBDB)
1247 Ma
Early Triassic
247 Ma
Early Triassic
Gunterichthys
genus
accepted (GBIF)
listed (PBDB)
1323 Ma
Carboniferous
323 Ma
Carboniferous
Gyrosteus
genus
accepted (GBIF)No associated record in PBDB
Halecopsis
genus
listed (PBDB)356.0 Ma
Paleocene
56.0 Ma
Paleocene
Heterostrophus
genus
accepted (GBIF)No associated record in PBDB
Heterothrissa
genus
accepted (GBIF)No associated record in PBDB
Histiothrissa
genus
accepted (GBIF)
listed (PBDB)
Holcolepis
genus
accepted (GBIF)No associated record in PBDB
Holopterygius
genus
accepted (GBIF)No associated record in PBDB
Huanghelepsis
genus
accepted (GBIF)No associated record in PBDB
Hulettia
genus
accepted (GBIF)No associated record in PBDB
Humilichthys
genus
accepted (GBIF)No associated record in PBDB
Ichthyokentema
genus
accepted (GBIF)No associated record in PBDB
Ichthyotringa
genus
accepted (GBIF)No associated record in PBDB
Illiniichthys
genus
accepted (GBIF)No associated record in PBDB
Jinanichthys
genus
accepted (GBIF)No associated record in PBDB
Kalops
genus
accepted (GBIF)
listed (PBDB)
2339 Ma
Carboniferous
339 Ma
Carboniferous
Kelemejtubus
genus
accepted (GBIF)No associated record in PBDB
Khantausia
genus
accepted (GBIF)No associated record in PBDB
Kyphosichthys
genus
accepted (GBIF)No associated record in PBDB
Lawrenciella
genus
accepted (GBIF)No associated record in PBDB
Leufuichthys
genus
accepted (GBIF)No associated record in PBDB
Ligulalepis
genus
accepted (GBIF)No associated record in PBDB
Limnomis
genus
accepted (GBIF)
listed (PBDB)
Lineagruan
genus
accepted (GBIF)
listed (PBDB)
6326 Ma
Carboniferous
326 Ma
Carboniferous
Longdeichthys
genus
accepted (GBIF)No associated record in PBDB
Lophosteus
genus
accepted (GBIF)No associated record in PBDB
Luederia
genus
accepted (GBIF)No associated record in PBDB
Macraulostomus
genus
accepted (GBIF)No associated record in PBDB
Mallotus
genus
accepted (GBIF)
listed (PBDB)
32.59 Ma
Pleistocene
0 Ma
Extant
Meemania
genus
listed (PBDB)
Melanecta
genus
accepted (GBIF)No associated record in PBDB
Mendocinichthys
genus
accepted (GBIF)No associated record in PBDB
Mesoclupea
genus
accepted (GBIF)No associated record in PBDB
Mesolepis
genus
accepted (GBIF)
listed (PBDB)
1359 Ma
Late Devonian
359 Ma
Late Devonian
Microcoelia
genus
listed (PBDB)
Moythomasia
genus
accepted (GBIF)No associated record in PBDB
Muensterichthys
genus
accepted (GBIF)No associated record in PBDB
Neochallaia
genus
accepted (GBIF)No associated record in PBDB
Neosemionotus
genus
accepted (GBIF)No associated record in PBDB
Nozamichthys
genus
accepted (GBIF)No associated record in PBDB
Occithrissops
genus
accepted (GBIF)No associated record in PBDB
Ogunichthys
genus
accepted (GBIF)No associated record in PBDB
Opistopteryx
genus
accepted (GBIF)
listed (PBDB)
Osorioichthys
genus
accepted (GBIF)No associated record in PBDB
Pachylebias
genus
doubtful (GBIF)
listed (PBDB)
Pacorichthys
genus
accepted (GBIF)No associated record in PBDB
Palaeoniscinotus
genus
accepted (GBIF)
listed (PBDB)
1228 Ma
Late Triassic
228 Ma
Late Triassic
Palaeothrissum
genus
accepted (GBIF)No associated record in PBDB
Paralycoptera
genus
accepted (GBIF)No associated record in PBDB
Paramblypterus
genus
accepted (GBIF)
listed (PBDB)
4299 Ma
Carboniferous
265 Ma
Permian
Parascopelus
genus
accepted (GBIF)
listed (PBDB)
316.0 Ma
Miocene
7.25 Ma
Miocene
Paratarrasius
genus
accepted (GBIF)
listed (PBDB)
5326 Ma
Carboniferous
326 Ma
Carboniferous
Pateroperca
genus
accepted (GBIF)No associated record in PBDB
Peia
genus
accepted (GBIF)No associated record in PBDB
Pelecorapis
genus
accepted (GBIF)No associated record in PBDB
Phacodus
genus
accepted (GBIF)No associated record in PBDB
Phoenicolepis
genus
accepted (GBIF)No associated record in PBDB
Pholidophorichthys
genus
accepted (GBIF)No associated record in PBDB
Phylactocephalus
genus
accepted (GBIF)No associated record in PBDB
Pietschellus
genus
accepted (GBIF)No associated record in PBDB
Piranhamesodon
genus
accepted (GBIF)No associated record in PBDB
Placidichthys
genus
accepted (GBIF)No associated record in PBDB
Placopleurus
genus
accepted (GBIF)No associated record in PBDB
Plethodus
genus
accepted (GBIF)
listed (PBDB)
Prolebias
genus
doubtful (GBIF)
listed (PBDB)
Pronotacanthus
genus
accepted (GBIF)
listed (PBDB)
133.9 Ma
Oligocene
33.9 Ma
Oligocene
Proportheus
genus
accepted (GBIF)No associated record in PBDB
Prosantichthys
genus
accepted (GBIF)No associated record in PBDB
Protarpon
genus
accepted (GBIF)No associated record in PBDB
Protaulopsis
genus
accepted (GBIF)
listed (PBDB)
156.0 Ma
Paleocene
0 Ma
Extant
Protoclupea
genus
accepted (GBIF)No associated record in PBDB
Prymnetes
genus
accepted (GBIF)No associated record in PBDB
Pseudoberyx
genus
accepted (GBIF)
listed (PBDB)
Ramphosus
genus
accepted (GBIF)No associated record in PBDB
Reticulolepis
genus
accepted (GBIF)
listed (PBDB)
3260 Ma
Permian
260 Ma
Permian
Rharbichthys
genus
accepted (GBIF)No associated record in PBDB
Rhinellus
genus
accepted (GBIF)
listed (PBDB)
Rhinopycnodus
genus
accepted (GBIF)No associated record in PBDB
Rhynchorhinus
genus
accepted (GBIF)
listed (PBDB)
256.0 Ma
Paleocene
56.0 Ma
Paleocene
Roslerichthys
genus
accepted (GBIF)
listed (PBDB)
1299 Ma
Carboniferous
299 Ma
Carboniferous
Sakamenichthys
genus
accepted (GBIF)No associated record in PBDB
Salmo
genus
accepted (GBIF)
listed (PBDB)
Salmon0 Ma
Extant
Santanasalmo
genus
accepted (GBIF)No associated record in PBDB
Santosius
genus
accepted (GBIF)No associated record in PBDB
Sardinioides
genus
accepted (GBIF)
listed (PBDB)
0 Ma
Extant
Schizospondylus
genus
accepted (GBIF)
listed (PBDB)
Sedenhorstia
genus
accepted (GBIF)No associated record in PBDB
Senekichthys
genus
accepted (GBIF)
listed (PBDB)
1359 Ma
Late Devonian
359 Ma
Late Devonian
Shuleichthys
genus
accepted (GBIF)No associated record in PBDB
Spinofacia
genus
accepted (GBIF)
listed (PBDB)
2323 Ma
Carboniferous
323 Ma
Carboniferous
Stegotrachelus
genus
accepted (GBIF)
listed (PBDB)
2388 Ma
Middle Devonian
388 Ma
Middle Devonian
Subortichthys
genus
accepted (GBIF)No associated record in PBDB
Taemasacanthus
genus
accepted (GBIF)No associated record in PBDB
Tanaocrossus
genus
accepted (GBIF)No associated record in PBDB
Tanypterichthys
genus
accepted (GBIF)No associated record in PBDB
Tarrasius
genus
accepted (GBIF)
listed (PBDB)
1345 Ma
Carboniferous
345 Ma
Carboniferous
Tegeolepis
genus
accepted (GBIF)No associated record in PBDB
Telepholis
genus
doubtful (GBIF)
listed (PBDB)
Terenolepis
genus
listed (PBDB)1419 Ma
Early Devonian
419 Ma
Early Devonian
Tetragonopterus
genus
accepted (GBIF)
listed (PBDB)
Thryptodus
genus
doubtful (GBIF)
listed (PBDB)
Tischlingerichthys
genus
accepted (GBIF)No associated record in PBDB
Todiltia
genus
accepted (GBIF)No associated record in PBDB
Tonghuaichthys
genus
accepted (GBIF)No associated record in PBDB
Utahacanthus
genus
accepted (GBIF)No associated record in PBDB
Vallecillichthys
genus
accepted (GBIF)No associated record in PBDB
Wardichthys
genus
accepted (GBIF)
listed (PBDB)
Woodichthys
genus
accepted (GBIF)No associated record in PBDB
Zhejiangichthys
genus
accepted (GBIF)No associated record in PBDB

Obsolete Names

NameSourceTaxon RankTaxonomy
Palaeoniscoidae GBIFfamilyAnimalia : Chordata : Actinopterygii : Palaeoniscoidae

Synonymy List

YearName and Author
1839Lepidotus trotti Balsamo-Crivelli p. 427
1857Pholidophorus lepturus Bellotti
1857Semionotus dubius Bellotti
1857Lepidotus pectoralis Bellotti p. 420
1857Semionotus brevis Bellotti p. 422
1857Pholidophorus rueppelli Bellotti p. 428
1876Semionotus inornatus Henry p. 417 figs. Pl 2, fig 23
1885Semionotus mendozaensis Geinitz
1887Actinopterygii Cope
1890Palaeoniscoidae Rohon
1895Ophiopsis lepturus Woodward p. 172
1895Heterolepidotus pectoralis Woodward p. 312
1895Allolepidotus rueppelli Woodward p. 315
1898Actinopterygii Gadow p. 7
1902Actinopterygii Woodward p. 3
1906Actinopterygii Andrews p. 313
1908Actinopterygii Lambe
1910Ophiopsis lepturus de Alessandri p. 87 figs. Pl 3, fig 4
1910Ophiopsis lariensis de Alessandri p. 89 figs. Pl 3, figs 5,6
1910Eugnathus trottii de Alessandri p. 97 figs. Pl 5, fig 3
1910Heterolepidotus pectoralis de Alessandri p. 100 figs. Pl 5, fig 4; pl 6, fig 1; pl 7, fig 1
1910Heterolepidotus brevis de Alessandri p. 107 figs. Pl 7, fig 2
1910Allolepidotus rueppelli de Alessandri p. 118 figs. Pl 8, figs 3,4
1910Eugnathus trottii de Allessandri p. 97 figs. Pl 5, fig 3
1916Actinopterygii Woodward p. 23
1944Gyrolepidoides cuyanus Cabrera
1946Palaeoniscoidea Dunkle p. 402
1946Cenechoia paramillensis Rusconi
1946Eurynotus uspallatensis Rusconi
1946Pholidophorus dentatus Rusconi
1946Semionotus unicristatus Rusconi
1947Cenechoia sulcata Rusconi
1947Pholidophorus vallejensis Rusconi
1948Gyrolepidoides multistriatus Rusconi
YearName and Author
1950Semionotus vallejensis Rusconi
1952Neochallaia leonensis Rusconi
1960Palaeoniscoidea Gardiner p. 241
1966Actinopterygii Casier p. 103
1973Actinopterygii Daly p. 564
1977Actinopterygii Miles
1978Actinopterygii Schaeffer and Dalquest p. 8
1981Actinopterygii Thurmond and Jones p. 80
1987Actinopterygii Kumar and Loyal p. 68
1988Actinopterygii Case and Schwimmer p. 297
1991Actinopterygii Ahlberg p. 280
1993Actinopterygii Cvancara and Hoganson p. 13
1993Actinopterygii Domning and Clark p. 413
1995Ophiopsis lepturus Bürgin p. 818 figs. 12-14
1995Palaeoniscimorpha Lund et al. pp. 215-220
1997Actinopterygii Delsate p. 129
1999Actinopterygii Cartanyá p. 540
1999Actinopterygii Weems p. 32
2001Furo trottii Lombardo p. 355 figs. 7-9; pl 2A
2002Palaeoniscimorpha Poplin and Lund
2003Actinopterygii Delsate p. 17
2003Actinopterygii Meyer and Zardoya
2004Palaeoniscimorpha Prokofiev
2006Actinopterygii Grande and Hilton p. 5
2007Actinopterygii Carnevale p. 8
2008Actinopterygii Long et al.
2009Palaeonisci Minikh and Minikh p. 144
2009Actinopterygii Zalohar et al. p. 80
2010Actinopterygii Poyato-Ariza p. 651
2011Actinopterygii Long p. 242
2013Actinopterygii Betancur-R. et al.
2013Actinopterygii Denton p. 786
2014Actinopterygii Fourriére et al. p. 380
2018Actinopterygii Carnevale and Godfrey p. 163

References

Meyer A., Zardoya R. (2003) Recent advances in the (molecular) phylogeny of vertebrates, Annual Review of Ecology, Evolution, and Systematics 34, 311-338
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Data courtesy of: PBDB: The Paleobiology Database, Creative Commons CC-BY licenced. , GBIF: the Global Biodiversity Information Facility, various licences, iDigBio, various licences, and EOL: The Encyclopedia of Life (Open Data Public Domain). Because fossils are made of minerals too!
Data courtesy of: PBDB: The Paleobiology Database, Creative Commons CC-BY licenced. , GBIF: the Global Biodiversity Information Facility, various licences, iDigBio, various licences, and EOL: The Encyclopedia of Life (Open Data Public Domain). Because fossils are made of minerals too!
 
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