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Actinopterygii

Description

Actinopterygii, or the ray-finned fishes, constitute a class or subclass of the bony fishes.


Source Data
SourceIDLink
Global Biodiversity Information Facility ID (GBIF)204https://www.gbif.org/species/204
PaleoBioDB ID (PBDB)67345https://paleobiodb.org/classic/checkTaxonInfo?taxon_no=67345
Rankclass (GBIF)
superclass (PBDB)
Taxonomy (GBIF,PBDB)Life : Animalia : Chordata : Actinopterygii
Taxonomic Status (GBIF)accepted
Classification
RankNameAuthor
kingdomAnimaliaLinnaeus 1758
TriploblasticaLankester 1877
NephrozoaJondelius et al. 2002
DeuterostomiaGrobben 1908
phylumChordataHaeckel 1847
subphylumVertebrataLamarck 1801
superclassGnathostomataGegenbauer 1874
OsteichthyesHuxley 1880
superclassActinopterygii(Cope 1887)
Unranked entries are considered an unranked clade in modern classifications. Ranks may be repeated or presented in the wrong order because authors may disagree about how to rank taxa.
Scientific NameActinopterygii
Status (PBDB)extant
Taxon Size (PBDB)7,061
Extant Size (PBDB)2,101 (30%)
First Recorded Appearance388 - 383 Ma
Devonian
Environmentmarine (based on Vertebrata)
Motilityactively mobile
Taphonomyphosphatic (based on Vertebrata)
Primary Reference (PBDB)A. Meyer and R. Zardoya. 2003. Recent advances in the (molecular) phylogeny of vertebrates. Annual Review of Ecology, Evolution, and Systematics 34:311-338
Common Name(s) Ray-finned Fishes, Ray-finned Fish
Wikipediahttps://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Actinopterygii

External Images

Subtaxa

NameStatusCommon Name(s)Fossil OccurrencesOldestYoungest
Acipenseriformes
order
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Albuliformes
order
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Amiiformes
order
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Anguilliformes
order
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Ateleopodiformes
order
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Atheriniformes
order
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Aulopiformes
order
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Batrachoidiformes
order
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Beloniformes
order
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Beryciformes
order
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Cetomimiformes
order
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Characiformes
order
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Clupeiformes
order
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Cypriniformes
order
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Cyprinodontiformes
order
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Elopiformes
order
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Esociformes
order
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Gadiformes
order
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Gasterosteiformes
order
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Gobiesociformes
order
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Gonorynchiformes
order
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Gymnotiformes
order
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Lampriformes
order
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Lepisosteiformes
order
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Lophiiformes
order
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Mugiliformes
order
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Myctophiformes
order
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Notacanthiformes
order
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Ophidiiformes
order
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Osmeriformes
order
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Osteoglossiformes
order
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Perciformes
order
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Percopsiformes
order
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Pleuronectiformes
order
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Polymixiiformes
order
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Polypteriformes
order
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Saccopharyngiformes
order
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Salmoniformes
order
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Scorpaeniformes
order
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Siluriformes
order
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Stephanoberyciformes
order
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Stomiiformes
order
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Synbranchiformes
order
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Syngnathiformes
order
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Tetraodontiformes
order
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Zeiformes
order
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Acentrophoridae
family
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Aceratiidae
family
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Acrolepididae
family
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Aeduellidae
family
accepted5323 Ma
Carboniferous
272 Ma
Permian
Aeduelliidae
family
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Aesopichthyidae
family
accepted9326 Ma
Carboniferous
318 Ma
Carboniferous
Aetheodontidae
family
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Alabidae
family
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Allothrissopidae
family
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Amblypteridae
family
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Amphicentridae
family
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Anarrhichthyidae
family
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Ankylophoridae
family
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Anoplopomidae
family
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Aphareidae
family
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Apidosiidae
family
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Archaeomaenidae
family
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Asarotidae
family
accepted183.6 Ma
Late Cretaceous
72.1 Ma
Late Cretaceous
Ascalaboidae
family
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Ascelichthyidae
family
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Asineopidae
family
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Aspidophoroididae
family
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Aspidorhynchidae
family
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Asterodontidae
family
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Atherstoniidae
family
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Atopoclinidae
family
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Bajaichthyidae
family
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Birgeriidae
family
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Bleekeriidae
family
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Blennioidei
family
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Blepsiidae
family
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Bobasatraniidae
family
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Boreolepidae
family
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Boreolepididae
family
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Bovictidae
family
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Brachydegmidae
family
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Brembodontidae
family
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Bunocephalidae
family
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Butidae
family
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Calamoichthyidae
family
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Callipurbeckiidae
family
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Canobiidae
family
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Carbovelidae
family
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Catervariolidae
family
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Cebidichthyidae
family
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Centrolepidae
family
accepted2199 Ma
Early Jurassic
190 Ma
Early Jurassic
Centrolepididae
family
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Cephaloxenidae
family
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Chanoididae
family
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Characinidae
family
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Characodontidae
family
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Cheirolepididae
family
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Chimarrhichthyidae
family
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Chirodontidae
family
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Chongichthyidae
family
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Chuhsiungichthiidae
family
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Chuhsiungichthyidae
family
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Cladocyclidae
family
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Cleiothrolepididae
family
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Cleithrolepididae
family
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Coccocephalichthyidae
family
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Coccodontidae
family
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Coccolepidae
family
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Coccolepididae
family
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Colobodontidae
family
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Commentryidae
family
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Coridae
family
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Cornuboniscidae
family
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Cosmoptychiidae
family
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Cottocomerphoridae
family
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Cryphiolepididae
family
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Cyclolepidae
family
accepted548.6 Ma
Eocene
33.9 Ma
Oligocene
Dalliidae
family
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Dapediidae
family
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Denticidae
family
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Derepodichthyidae
family
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Dicellopygidae
family
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Dictyopygidae
family
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Diphyodontidae
family
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Diploprionidae
family
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Discordichthyidae
family
accepted19269 Ma
Permian
252 Ma
Permian
Dorsetichthyidae
family
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Dwykiidae
family
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Elassomidae
family
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Elonichthyidae
family
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Emblemariidae
family
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Eoplethodidae
family
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Eosemionotidae
family
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Erilepidae
family
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Etheostomidae
family
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Eurycormidae
family
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Eurynotoidiidae
family
accepted34273 Ma
Permian
252 Ma
Permian
Evenkiidae
family
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Ferrifronsidae
family
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Fitzroyiidae
family
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Flutidae
family
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Fuyuanperleididae
family
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Gabanellidae
family
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Gebrayelichthyidae
family
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Gigactinidae
family
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Gladiopycnodontidae
family
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Glaucosomidae
family
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Gobioidei
family
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Gonatodidae
family
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Gooeidae
family
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Guildayichthyidae
family
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Gyrodontidae
family
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Habroichthyidae
family
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Hadrodontidae
family
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Haplolepididae
family
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Helostomidae
family
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Hemerocoetidae
family
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Henicichthyidae
family
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Hippoglossidae
family
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Holuridae
family
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Hoplopagridae
family
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Hysterocarpidae
family
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Ichthyodectidae
family
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Ichthyokentemidae
family
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Jordaniidae
family
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Kentuckiidae
family
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Koonwarriidae
family
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Kyphosichthyidae
family
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Labroidei
family
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Lawniidae
family
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Lepidoglanidae
family
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Lepidosteidae
family
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Lepidotidae
family
accepted3166 Ma
Middle Jurassic
89.3 Ma
Late Cretaceous
Leptolepididae
family
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Liparopidae
family
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Luganoiidae
family
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Lycodapodidae
family
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Macrouroididae
family
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Marcopoloichthyidae
family
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Medidae
family
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Mesturidae
family
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Milyeringidae
family
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Mimiidae
family
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Muglioididae
family
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Muraenolepidae
family
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Neolabridae
family
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Neoletherinidae
family
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Neophrynichthyidae
family
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Niphonidae
family
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Nursallidae
family
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Oligopleuridae
family
accepted1125 Ma
Early Cretaceous
122 Ma
Early Cretaceous
Oligoridae
family
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Ophicephalidae
family
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Ophioclinidae
family
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Ophiodontidae
family
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Ophiopsiellidae
family
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Ophiopsiidae
family
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Opisthomyzonidae
family
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Osorioichthyidae
family
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Oxylebiidae
family
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Pachycormidae
family
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Palaeoniscidae
family
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Panxianichthyidae
family
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Paraclupeidae
family
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Peltopleuridae
family
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Periophthalmidae
family
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Perleididae
family
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Phanerorhynchidae
family
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Pharyngopilidae
family
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Pholidicthyidae
family
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Pholidophoridae
family
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Pholidopleuridae
family
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Platysiagidae
family
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Platysomidae
family
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Plethodidae
family
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Pleuropholidae
family
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Poecilidae
family
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Polyacanthidae
family
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Polymerichthyidae
family
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Polzbergiidae
family
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Pomadasidae
family
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Priscacaridae
family
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Prohaleciteidae
family
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Protobramidae
family
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Protosyngnathidae
family
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Psammichthyidae
family
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Pseudobeaconiidae
family
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Pteropsaridae
family
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Ptycholepididae
family
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Pycnodontes
family
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Pycnodontidae
family
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Pygaeidae
family
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Pygidiidae
family
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Pygopteridae
family
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Redfieldiidae
family
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Rhabdolepidae
family
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Rhabodlepidae
family
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Rhadinichthyidae
family
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Rhegmatidae
family
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Rogeniidae
family
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Runulidae
family
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Saurichthyidae
family
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Saurodontidae
family
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Sauropsidae
family
accepted0
Scanilepididae
family
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Sciaenoidei
family
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Scomberoidei
family
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Scorpaenichthyidae
family
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Scorpidae
family
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Semiophoridae
family
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Sinipercidae
family
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Siphonognathidae
family
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Siyuichthyidae
family
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Sorbinichthyidae
family
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Sparisomidae
family
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Sparoidei
family
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Sphaerodontidae
family
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Stegotrachelidae
family
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Strepheoschematidae
family
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Styracopteridae
family
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Synapturidae
family
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Synchridae
family
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Tarrasiidae
family
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Tegeolepididae
family
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Thoracopteridae
family
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Trissolepididae
family
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Tungusichthyidae
family
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Uarbrichthyidae
family
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Unamichthyidae
family
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Urosthenidae
family
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Varialepididae
family
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Verilidae
family
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Willomorichthyidae
family
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Xenesthidae
family
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Xenichthyidae
family
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Xiphiostomidae
family
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Xiphisternidae
family
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Yelangichthyidae
family
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Aetheretmon
genus
accepted0
Aethocephalichthys
genus
accepted185.8 Ma
Late Cretaceous
83.5 Ma
Late Cretaceous
Akromystax
genus
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Ameghinichthys
genus
accepted1151 Ma
Late Jurassic
145 Ma
Late Jurassic
Anapterus
genus
accepted0
Andalusias
genus
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Andreolepis
genus
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Aneurolepis
genus
accepted6247 Ma
Early Triassic
235 Ma
Late Triassic
Angatubichthys
genus
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Angolaichthys
genus
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Apateodus
genus
accepted7105 Ma
Early Cretaceous
66.0 Ma
Late Cretaceous
Aphelolepis
genus
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Apomesodon
genus
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Arcodonichthys
genus
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Arduafrons
genus
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Armigatus
genus
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Asialepidotus
genus
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Asiatolepis
genus
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Atacamichthys
genus
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Atkinsonella
genus
accepted111.6 Ma
Miocene
7.25 Ma
Miocene
Aulolepis
genus
accepted0
Baoqingichthys
genus
accepted14254 Ma
Permian
251 Ma
Early Triassic
Bavarichthys
genus
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Beagiascus
genus
accepted4326 Ma
Carboniferous
318 Ma
Carboniferous
Beishanichthys
genus
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Caelatichthys
genus
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Camposichthys
genus
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Cerinichthys
genus
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Chandlerichthys
genus
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Chanoides
genus
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Cheirodopsis
genus
accepted1345 Ma
Carboniferous
343 Ma
Carboniferous
Chondrosteus
genus
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Chuhsiungichthys
genus
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Cipactlichthys
genus
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Coccocephalichthys
genus
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Cooyoo
genus
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Cornuboniscus
genus
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Crenilepis
genus
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Crossognathus
genus
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Cuneognathus
genus
accepted1372 Ma
Late Devonian
359 Ma
Late Devonian
Daninia
genus
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Daqingshaniscus
genus
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Dialipina
genus
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Diplospondichthys
genus
accepted199.6 Ma
Late Cretaceous
93.5 Ma
Late Cretaceous
Ducanichthys
genus
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Ebenaqua
genus
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Elopoides
genus
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Flugopterus
genus
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Frodoichthys
genus
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Fukangichthys
genus
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Gigapteryx
genus
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Gimlichthys
genus
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Gracilignathichthys
genus
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Grimmenodon
genus
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Guaymayenia
genus
accepted1247 Ma
Early Triassic
237 Ma
Middle Triassic
Gyrosteus
genus
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Heterostrophus
genus
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Heterothrissa
genus
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Holcolepis
genus
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Holopterygius
genus
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Huanghelepsis
genus
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Hulettia
genus
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Humilichthys
genus
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Ichthyokentema
genus
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Ichthyotringa
genus
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Illiniichthys
genus
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Jinanichthys
genus
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Kalops
genus
accepted2339 Ma
Carboniferous
318 Ma
Carboniferous
Kelemejtubus
genus
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Khantausia
genus
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Kyphosichthys
genus
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Lawrenciella
genus
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Leufuichthys
genus
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Ligulalepis
genus
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Limnomis
genus
accepted0
Lineagruan
genus
accepted6326 Ma
Carboniferous
318 Ma
Carboniferous
Longdeichthys
genus
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Lophosteus
genus
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Luederia
genus
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Macraulostomus
genus
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Melanecta
genus
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Mendocinichthys
genus
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Mesoclupea
genus
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Mesolepis
genus
accepted1359 Ma
Late Devonian
323 Ma
Carboniferous
Moythomasia
genus
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Muensterichthys
genus
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Neochallaia
genus
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Neosemionotus
genus
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Nozamichthys
genus
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Occithrissops
genus
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Ogunichthys
genus
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Osorioichthys
genus
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Pacorichthys
genus
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Palaeoniscinotus
genus
accepted1228 Ma
Late Triassic
201 Ma
Early Jurassic
Palaeothrissum
genus
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Paralycoptera
genus
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Paramblypterus
genus
accepted4299 Ma
Carboniferous
260 Ma
Permian
Parascopelus
genus
accepted316.0 Ma
Miocene
5.33 Ma
Miocene
Paratarrasius
genus
accepted5326 Ma
Carboniferous
318 Ma
Carboniferous
Pateroperca
genus
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Peia
genus
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Pelecorapis
genus
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Phacodus
genus
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Phoenicolepis
genus
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Pholidophorichthys
genus
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Phylactocephalus
genus
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Pietschellus
genus
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Piranhamesodon
genus
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Placidichthys
genus
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Placopleurus
genus
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Proportheus
genus
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Prosantichthys
genus
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Protarpon
genus
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Protoclupea
genus
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Prymnetes
genus
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Ramphosus
genus
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Reticulolepis
genus
accepted3260 Ma
Permian
254 Ma
Permian
Rharbichthys
genus
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Rhinopycnodus
genus
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Rhynchorhinus
genus
accepted256.0 Ma
Paleocene
47.8 Ma
Eocene
Roslerichthys
genus
accepted1299 Ma
Carboniferous
290 Ma
Permian
Sakamenichthys
genus
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Santanasalmo
genus
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Santosius
genus
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Schizospondylus
genus
accepted0
Sedenhorstia
genus
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Senekichthys
genus
accepted1359 Ma
Late Devonian
299 Ma
Carboniferous
Shuleichthys
genus
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Spinofacia
genus
accepted2323 Ma
Carboniferous
315 Ma
Carboniferous
Stegotrachelus
genus
accepted2388 Ma
Middle Devonian
383 Ma
Late Devonian
Subortichthys
genus
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Taemasacanthus
genus
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Tanaocrossus
genus
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Tanypterichthys
genus
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Tarrasius
genus
accepted1345 Ma
Carboniferous
343 Ma
Carboniferous
Tegeolepis
genus
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Tischlingerichthys
genus
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Todiltia
genus
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Tonghuaichthys
genus
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Utahacanthus
genus
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Vallecillichthys
genus
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Wardichthys
genus
accepted0
Woodichthys
genus
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Zhejiangichthys
genus
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB

Unlinked PBDB sub-entries

NameStatusFossil OccurrencesExtantOldestYoungest
Tarrasiiformes
order
Not linked to GBIF1extinct345 Ma
Carboniferous
343 Ma
Carboniferous
Halecopsis
genus
Not linked to GBIF3extinct56.0 Ma
Paleocene
47.8 Ma
Eocene
Actinopteri
class
Not linked to GBIF12,624extant388 Ma
Middle Devonian
Asarotiformes
order
Not linked to GBIF1extinct83.6 Ma
Late Cretaceous
72.1 Ma
Late Cretaceous
Polypteri
superorder
Not linked to GBIF0extant
Bobastraniiformes
order
Not linked to GBIF0extinct
Aeduelliformes
order
Not linked to GBIF5extinct323 Ma
Carboniferous
272 Ma
Permian
Eurynotoidiformes
order
Not linked to GBIF34extinct273 Ma
Permian
252 Ma
Permian
Discordichthyiformes
order
Not linked to GBIF19extinct269 Ma
Permian
252 Ma
Permian
Cladistia
class
Not linked to GBIF58extant101 Ma
Late Cretaceous
Isospondyli
order
Not linked to GBIF10extant166 Ma
Middle Jurassic
33.9 Ma
Oligocene
Paramblypteriformes
order
Not linked to GBIF12307 Ma
Carboniferous
260 Ma
Permian
Meemania
genus
Not linked to GBIF0extinct
Protospondyli
suborder
Not linked to GBIF0extinct
Aetheospondyli
suborder
Not linked to GBIF3extant101 Ma
Late Cretaceous
41.3 Ma
Eocene
Microcoelia
genus
Not linked to GBIF0extinct
Terenolepis
genus
Not linked to GBIF1extinct419 Ma
Early Devonian
408 Ma
Early Devonian
Avonichthys
genus
Not linked to GBIF1extinct359 Ma
Late Devonian
347 Ma
Carboniferous
Trachichthyiformes
order
Not linked to GBIF0extinct

Obsolete Names

NameSourceTaxon RankTaxonomy
Palaeoniscoidae GBIFfamilyAnimalia : Chordata : Actinopterygii : Palaeoniscoidae

Synonymy List

YearName and Author
1839Lepidotus trotti Balsamo-Crivelli p. 427
1857Pholidophorus lepturus Bellotti
1857Semionotus dubius Bellotti
1857Lepidotus pectoralis Bellotti p. 420
1857Semionotus brevis Bellotti p. 422
1857Pholidophorus rueppelli Bellotti p. 428
1876Semionotus inornatus Henry p. 417 figs. Pl 2, fig 23
1885Semionotus mendozaensis Geinitz
1887Actinopterygii Cope
1890Palaeoniscoidae Rohon
1895Ophiopsis lepturus Woodward p. 172
1895Heterolepidotus pectoralis Woodward p. 312
1895Allolepidotus rueppelli Woodward p. 315
1898Actinopterygii Gadow p. 7
1902Actinopterygii Woodward p. 3
1906Actinopterygii Andrews p. 313
1908Actinopterygii Lambe
1910Ophiopsis lepturus de Alessandri p. 87 figs. Pl 3, fig 4
1910Ophiopsis lariensis de Alessandri p. 89 figs. Pl 3, figs 5,6
1910Eugnathus trottii de Alessandri p. 97 figs. Pl 5, fig 3
1910Heterolepidotus pectoralis de Alessandri p. 100 figs. Pl 5, fig 4; pl 6, fig 1; pl 7, fig 1
1910Heterolepidotus brevis de Alessandri p. 107 figs. Pl 7, fig 2
1910Allolepidotus rueppelli de Alessandri p. 118 figs. Pl 8, figs 3,4
1910Eugnathus trottii de Allessandri p. 97 figs. Pl 5, fig 3
1916Actinopterygii Woodward p. 23
1944Gyrolepidoides cuyanus Cabrera
1946Palaeoniscoidea Dunkle p. 402
1946Cenechoia paramillensis Rusconi
1946Eurynotus uspallatensis Rusconi
1946Pholidophorus dentatus Rusconi
1946Semionotus unicristatus Rusconi
1947Cenechoia sulcata Rusconi
1947Pholidophorus vallejensis Rusconi
1948Gyrolepidoides multistriatus Rusconi
YearName and Author
1950Semionotus vallejensis Rusconi
1952Neochallaia leonensis Rusconi
1960Palaeoniscoidea Gardiner p. 241
1966Actinopterygii Casier p. 103
1973Actinopterygii Daly p. 564
1977Actinopterygii Miles
1978Actinopterygii Schaeffer and Dalquest p. 8
1981Actinopterygii Thurmond and Jones p. 80
1987Actinopterygii Kumar and Loyal p. 68
1988Actinopterygii Case and Schwimmer p. 297
1991Actinopterygii Ahlberg p. 280
1993Actinopterygii Cvancara and Hoganson p. 13
1993Actinopterygii Domning and Clark p. 413
1995Ophiopsis lepturus Bürgin p. 818 figs. 12-14
1995Palaeoniscimorpha Lund et al. pp. 215-220
1997Actinopterygii Delsate p. 129
1999Actinopterygii Cartanyá p. 540
1999Actinopterygii Weems p. 32
2001Furo trottii Lombardo p. 355 figs. 7-9; pl 2A
2002Palaeoniscimorpha Poplin and Lund
2003Actinopterygii Delsate p. 17
2003Actinopterygii Meyer and Zardoya
2004Palaeoniscimorpha Prokofiev
2006Actinopterygii Grande and Hilton p. 5
2007Actinopterygii Carnevale p. 8
2008Actinopterygii Long et al.
2009Palaeonisci Minikh and Minikh p. 144
2009Actinopterygii Zalohar et al. p. 80
2010Actinopterygii Poyato-Ariza p. 651
2011Actinopterygii Long p. 242
2013Actinopterygii Betancur-R. et al.
2013Actinopterygii Denton p. 786
2014Actinopterygii Fourriére et al. p. 380
2018Actinopterygii Carnevale and Godfrey p. 163

References

Meyer A., Zardoya R. (2003) Recent advances in the (molecular) phylogeny of vertebrates, Annual Review of Ecology, Evolution, and Systematics 34, 311-338
Balsamo-Crivelli G. Descrizione d'un nuovo rettile fossile della famiglia dei Paleosauri, e di due pesci fossili trovati nel calcareo nero, sopra Varenna sul lago di Como, dal nobile sig. Lodovico Trotti, con alcune riflessioni geologiche, Il Politecnico 1, 421-431
Henry M. J. L'Infralias dans la Franche-Comté [The Lower Lias of Franche-Comté], Mémoires de la Société d'Émulation du Doubs, 4e série 10, 287-486
Woodward A. S. , Catalogue of the Fossil Fishes in the British Museum (Natural History), Part III, 1-544
Woodward A. S. , Catalogue of the Fossil Fishes in the British Museum (Natural History), Part III, 1-544
Woodward A. S. , Catalogue of the Fossil Fishes in the British Museum (Natural History), Part III, 1-544
Gadow H. , A Classification of Vertebrata Recent and Extinct, xvii-82
Woodward A. S. (1902) The fishes of the English chalk, Palaeontographical Society 56, 1-56
Andrews C. W. (1906) , A Descriptive Catalogue of the Tertiary Vertebrata of Fayum, Egypt, 1-324
Lambe L. M. (1908) The Vertebrata of the Oligocene of the Cypress Hills, Saskatchewan, Contributions to Canadian Palaeontology 3 4, 1-65 doi:10.5962/bhl.title.61444
de Alessandri G. (1910) Studii sui pesci Triasici della Lombardia, Memorie della Societa Italiana di Scienze Naturali e del Museo Civico di Storia Naturale di Milano 7 1, 1-145
de Alessandri G. (1910) Studii sui pesci Triasici della Lombardia, Memorie della Societa Italiana di Scienze Naturali e del Museo Civico di Storia Naturale di Milano 7 1, 1-145
de Alessandri G. (1910) Studii sui pesci Triasici della Lombardia, Memorie della Societa Italiana di Scienze Naturali e del Museo Civico di Storia Naturale di Milano 7 1, 1-145
de Alessandri G. (1910) Studii sui pesci Triasici della Lombardia, Memorie della Societa Italiana di Scienze Naturali e del Museo Civico di Storia Naturale di Milano 7 1, 1-145
de Alessandri G. (1910) Studii sui pesci Triasici della Lombardia, Memorie della Societa Italiana di Scienze Naturali e del Museo Civico di Storia Naturale di Milano 7 1, 1-145
de Alessandri G. (1910) Studii sui pesci Triasici della Lombardia, Memorie della Societa Italiana di Scienze Naturali e del Museo Civico di Storia Naturale di Milano 7 1, 1-145
Woodward A. S. (1916) The fossil fishes of the English Wealden and Purbeck Formations, Palaeontographical Society, London 1915, 1-48
Dunkle D. H. (1946) A new palaeoniscoid fish from the Lower Permian of Texas, Journal of the Washington Academy of Science 36, 402-409
Gardiner B. G. (1960) A revision of certain actinopterygian and coelacanth fishes, chiefly from the Lower Lias, Bulletin of the British Museum (Natural History), Geology 4 7, 241-384
Casier E. (1966) , Faune ichthyologique du London Clay, 1-510
Daly E. (1973) A Lower Permian vertebrate fauna from southern Oklahoma, Journal of Paleontology 47 3, 562-589
Miles R. S. (1977) Dipnoan (lungfish) skulls and the relationships of the group: a study based on new species from the Devonian of Australia, Zoological Journal of the Linnean Society 61, 1-328
Schaeffer B., Dalquest W. W. (1978) A palaeonisciform braincase from the Permian of Texas, with comments on cranial fissures and the posterior myodome, American Museum Novitates 2658, 1-15
Thurmond J. T., Jones D. E. (1981) , Fossil Vertebrates of Alabama, 1-244
Kumar K., Loyal R. S. (1987) Eocene ichthyofauna from the Subathu Formation, Northwestern Himalaya, India., Journal of the Palaeontological Society of India 32, 60-84
Case G. R., Schwimmer D. R. (1988) Late Cretaceous Fish from the Blufftown Formation (Campanian) in Western Georgia, Journal of Paleontology 62 2, 290-301
Ahlberg P. E. (1991) A re-examination of sarcopterygian interrelationships, with special reference to the Porolepiformes, Zoological Journal of the Linnean Society 103 3, 241-287 doi:10.1111/j.1096-3642.1991.tb00905.x
Cvancara A. M., Hoganson J. W. (1993) Vertebrates of the Cannonball Formation (Paleocene) in North and South Dakota, Journal of Vertebrate Paleontology 13 1, 1-23
Domning D. P., Clark J. M. (1993) Jamaican Tertiary marine Vertebratra, Geological Society of America Memoir 182, 413-415
Bürgin T. (1995) Actinopterygian fishes (Osteichthyes; Actinopterygii) from the Kalkschieferzone (uppermost Ladinian) near Meride (Canton Ticino, southern Switzerland), Eclogae Geologicae Helvetiae 88 3, 803-826
Delsate D. (1997) Actinoptérygiens du Toarcien inférieur du Grand Duché de Luxembourg: Présence de Leptoplepis normandica Nybelin 1962 (Téléostéen) ave otolithes in situ, Travaux scientifiques du Musée d’Histoire Naturelle de Luxembourg 27, 125-129
Cartanyá J. (1999) An overview of the Middle Triassic actinopterygians from Alcover, Mont-ral and El Pinetell (Catalonia, Spain), Mesozoic Fishes 2 - Systematics and the Fossil Record 2, 535-551
Weems R. E. (1999) Part 4. Actinopterygian Fishes from the Fisher/Sullivan Site, Virginia Division of Mineral Resources Publication 152, 53-100
Lombardo C. (2001) Actinopterygians from the Middle Triassic of Northern Italy and Canton Ticino (Switzerland): Anatomical Descriptions and Nomenclatural Problems, Rivista Italiana di Paleontologia e Stratigrafia 107 3, 345-369
Poplin C. M., Lund R. (2002) Two Carboniferous fine-eyed palaeoniscoids (Pisces, Actinopterygii) from Bear Gluch (USA), Journal of Paleontology 76 6, 1014-1028
Delsate D. (2003) Une nouvelle faune des poissons et requins Toarciens du sud du Luxembourg (Dudelange) et de L'Allemange (Schömberg), Bulletin de l'Académie Lorrain des Sciences 42, 13-49
Prokofiev A. M. (2004) A remarkable new paleoniscoid fish (Osteichthyes: Actinopterygii) from the Lower Carboniferous of Tuva Republic (Russia), Paleontological Research 8 2, 109-114
Grande L., Hilton E. J. (2006) An exquisitely preserved skeleton representing a primitive sturgeon from the Upper Cretaceous Judith River Formation of Montana (Acipenseriformes: Acipenseridae: n. gen. and sp.), The Paleontological Society Memoir 65, Journal of Paleontology 80 4, suppl., 1-39
Carnevale G. (2007) Fossil fishes from the Serravallian (Middle Miocene) of Torricella Peligna, Italy, Palaeontographia Italica 91, 1-67
Long J. A., Choo B., et al (2008) A new basal actinopterygian fish from the Middle Devonian Aztec\r\nSiltstone of Antarctica, Antarctic Science 20 4, 393-412 doi:10.1017/S0954102008001144
Minikh A. V., Minikh M. G. (2009) Main events in development of the Middle-Upper Permian ichthyofauna of Eastern Europe, Researches on paleontology and biostratigraphy of ancient continental deposits (Memories of Professor Vitalii G. Ochev), 141-157
Zalohar J., Hitij T., et al (2009) Two new species of seahorses (Syngnathidae, Hippocampus) from the Middle Miocene (Sarmatian) Coprolitic Horizon in Tunjice Hills, Slovenia: the oldest fossil record of seahorses, Annales de Paleontologie 95, 71-96
Poyato-Ariza F. (2010) Polazzodus, gen. nov., A New Pycnodont Fish from the Late Cretaceous of Northeastern Italy, Journal of Vertebrate Paleontology 30 3, 650-664 doi:10.1080/02724631003762955
Long J. A. (2011) , The Rise of Fishes: 500 Million Years of Evolution (Second Edition), 1-287
Betancur-R. R., Broughton R. E., et al (2013) The tree of life and a new classification of bony fishes, PLOS Currents Tree of Life doi:10.1371/currents.tol.53ba26640df0ccaee75bb165c8c26288
Denton J. S. (2013) Lanternfish (Teleostei, Myctophiformes, Myctophidae) body fossils from the Modelo Formation (Upper Miocene) of Los Angeles County, California, Journal of Vertebrate Paleontology 33 4, 786-793 doi:10.1080/039.033.0415
Fourriére M., Reyes-Bonilla H., et al (2014) Fishes of Clipperton Atoll, Eastern Pacific: Checklist, Endemism, and Analysis of Completeness of the Inventory, Pacific Science 68 3, 375-395 doi:10.2984/68.3.7
Carnevale G., Godfrey S. J. (2018) Miocene Bony Fishes of the Calvert, Choptank, St. Marys, and Eastover Formations, Chesapeake Group, Maryland and Virginia, Smithsonian Contribution to Paleobiology, 161-212
Alroy, J. (2015) Fossilworks. Gateway to the Paleobiology Database. Online: http://fossilworks.org - via Dyntaxa. Svensk taxonomisk databas
Eschmeyer, R. (eds.) (2010) Catalog of Fishes electronic version (15 January 2010). http://research.calacademy.org/ichthyology/catalog/fishcatmain.asp - via Dyntaxa. Svensk taxonomisk databas
Fricke, R., Eschmeyer, W. N. & Van der Laan, R. (eds). (2019). Catalog of Fishes: Genera, Species, References. Electronic version accessed dd mmm 2019. - via World Register of Marine Species
Fricke, R., Eschmeyer, W. N. & Van der Laan, R. (eds). (2019). Catalog of Fishes: Genera, Species, References. Electronic version accessed dd mmm 2019. - via World Register of Introduced Marine Species (WRiMS)
Data courtesy of: PBDB: The Paleobiology Database, Creative Commons CC-BY licenced. , GBIF: the Global Biodiversity Information Facility, various licences, iDigBio, various licences, and EOL: The Encyclopedia of Life (Open Data Public Domain). Because fossils are made of minerals too!
 
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