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Cubozoa

Description

Box jellyfish (class Cubozoa) are cnidarian invertebrates distinguished by their cube-shaped medusae. Some species of box jellyfish produce extremely potent venom: Chironex fleckeri, Carukia barnesi and Malo kingi. Stings from these and a few other species in the class are extremely painful and can be fatal to humans.


Source Data
SourceIDLink
Global Biodiversity Information Facility ID (GBIF)176https://www.gbif.org/species/176
PaleoBioDB ID (PBDB)92033https://paleobiodb.org/classic/checkTaxonInfo?taxon_no=92033
Rankclass
Taxonomy (GBIF,PBDB)Life : Animalia : Cnidaria : Cubozoa
Taxonomic Status (GBIF)accepted
Classification
RankNameAuthor
kingdomAnimaliaLinnaeus 1758
phylumCnidariaHatschek 1888
subphylumMedusozoa
classCubozoa
Unranked entries are considered an unranked clade in modern classifications. Ranks may be repeated or presented in the wrong order because authors may disagree about how to rank taxa.
Scientific NameCubozoa
Status (PBDB)extant
Taxon Size (PBDB)4
Extant Size (PBDB)2 (50%)
First Recorded Appearance513 - 501 Ma
Cambrian
Primary Reference (PBDB)W. Kiessling. 2003. Personal data.
Common Name(s) Box Jellyfish, Box Jellies, Cubomedusas, Fire Medusas, Sea Wasps
Wikipediahttps://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Cubozoa

External Images

Fossil Distribution

Subtaxa

NameStatusCommon Name(s)Fossil OccurrencesOldestYoungest
Carybdeida
order
accepted00 Ma
Extant
Chirodropida
order
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB

Synonymy List

YearName and Author
2003Cubozoa Kiessling
2013Cubozoa Kayal et al.

References

Kiessling W. (2003) Personal data
Kayal E., Roure B., et al (2013) Cnidarian phylogenetic relationships as revealed by mitogenomics, BMC Evolutionary Biology 13, 5
Daly, M., M.R. Brugler, P. Cartwright, A.G. Collins, M.N. Dawson, D.G. Fautin, S.C. France, C.S. McFadden, D.M. Opresko, E. Rodriquez, S.L. Romano, J.L. Stake. (2007). The phylum Cnidaria: A review of phylogenetic patterns and diversity 300 years after Linnaeus. Zootaxa. (1668): 127-182. - via World Register of Marine Species
Cornelius, P.F.S. (2001). Cubozoa, in: Costello, M.J. et al. (Ed.) (2001). European register of marine species: a check-list of the marine species in Europe and a bibliography of guides to their identification. Collection Patrimoines Naturels, 50: pp. 111 - via World Register of Marine Species
Cairns, Stephen D., Dale R. Calder, Anita Brinckmann-Voss, Clovis B. Castro, Daphne G. Fautin,..., 2002: Common and Scientific Names of Aquatic Invertebrates from the United States and Canada: Cnidaria and Ctenophora, Second Edition, 2002. American Fisheries Society Special Publication 28. xi + 115. - via Integrated Taxonomic Information System (ITIS)
MARYMEGAN DALY, MERCER R. BRUGLER, PAULYN CARTWRIGHT, ALLEN G. COLLINS, MICHAEL N. DAWSON, DAPHNE G. FAUTIN, SCOTT C. FRANCE, CATHERINE S. MCFADDEN, DENNIS M. OPRESKO, ESTEFANIA RODRIGUEZ, SANDRA L. ROMANO & JOEL L. STAKE (2007) The phylum Cnidaria: A review of phylogenetic patterns and diversity 300 years after Linnaeus. Zootaxa 1668: 127–182. In: Zhang, Z.-Q. & Shear, W.A. (Eds) (2007) Linnaeus Tercentenary: Progress in Invertebrate Taxonomy. Zootaxa, 1668, 1–766. - via Dyntaxa. Svensk taxonomisk databas
Parker, S.P. (ed). (1982). Synopsis and Classification of Living Organisms. McGraw-Hill, New York. 2 volumes. - via The Interim Register of Marine and Nonmarine Genera
Marques, Antonio C., and Allen G. Collins, 2004: Cladistic analysis of Medusozoa and cnidarian evolution. Invertebrate Biology, vol. 123, no. 1. 23-42. - via Integrated Taxonomic Information System (ITIS)
Data courtesy of: PBDB: The Paleobiology Database, Creative Commons CC-BY licenced. , GBIF: the Global Biodiversity Information Facility, various licences, iDigBio, various licences, and EOL: The Encyclopedia of Life (Open Data Public Domain). Because fossils are made of minerals too!
 
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