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Cephalopoda

Description

A cephalopod is any member of the molluscan class Cephalopoda (Greek plural κεφαλόποδα, kephalópoda; "head-feet") such as a squid, octopus, or nautilus. These exclusively marine animals are characterized by bilateral body symmetry, a prominent head, and a set of arms or tentacles (muscular hydrostats) modified from the primitive molluscan foot. Fishermen sometimes call them inkfish, referring to their common ability to squirt ink. The study of cephalopods is a branch of malacology known as teuthology.


Source Data
SourceIDLink
Global Biodiversity Information Facility ID (GBIF)136https://www.gbif.org/species/136
PaleoBioDB ID (PBDB)12315https://paleobiodb.org/classic/checkTaxonInfo?taxon_no=12315
Rankclass
Taxonomy (GBIF,PBDB)Life : Animalia : Mollusca : Cephalopoda
Taxonomic Status (GBIF)accepted
Classification
RankNameAuthor
kingdomAnimaliaLinnaeus 1758
Bilateria
EubilateriaAx 1987
ProtostomiaGrobben 1908
Spiralia
superphylumLophotrochozoa
phylumMolluscaLinnaeus 1758
classCephalopodaCuvier 1797
Unranked entries are considered an unranked clade in modern classifications. Ranks may be repeated or presented in the wrong order because authors may disagree about how to rank taxa.
Scientific NameCephalopoda
Status (PBDB)extant
Taxon Size (PBDB)20,175
Extant Size (PBDB)42 (0.21%)
First Recorded Appearance516 - 513 Ma
Cambrian
Motilityfast-moving
Visionwell-developed
Dietcarnivore
Taphonomyaragonite
Primary Reference (PBDB)J. J. Sepkoski, Jr. 2002. A compendium of fossil marine animal genera. Bulletins of American Paleontology 363:1-560
Common Name(s) Cephalopods, Squids, Octopuses, Nautilus, And Ammonites, Octopuses, Squids
Wikipediahttps://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Cephalopoda

External Images

Subtaxa

NameStatusCommon Name(s)Fossil OccurrencesOldestYoungest
Ammonoidea
order
acceptedAmmonite76,817419 Ma
Early Devonian
56.0 Ma
Paleocene
Belemnitida
order
acceptedBelemnite1,320516 Ma
Cambrian
33.9 Ma
Oligocene
Myopsida
order
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Nautilida
order
accepted4,089479 Ma
Early Ordovician
0 Ma
Extant
Octopoda
order
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Oegopsida
order
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Sepiida
order
acceptedCuttlefish59252 Ma
Permian
0 Ma
Extant
Spirulida
order
accepted647.8 Ma
Eocene
0 Ma
Extant
Vampyromorpha
order
acceptedVampire Squids3156 Ma
Jurassic
0 Ma
Extant
Acaroceratidae
family
accepted12499 Ma
Cambrian
485 Ma
Cambrian
Acleistoceratidae
family
accepted40456 Ma
Late Ordovician
383 Ma
Late Devonian
Actinoceratidae
family
accepted149479 Ma
Early Ordovician
336 Ma
Carboniferous
Aequilobidae
family
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Aktjuboceratidae
family
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Allotrioceratidae
family
accepted3485 Ma
Cambrian
458 Ma
Late Ordovician
Allumettoceratidae
family
accepted0
Anahamulinidae
family
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Analytoceratidae
family
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Anomalosaepiidae
family
accepted259.2 Ma
Paleocene
55.8 Ma
Eocene
Apocrinoceratidae
family
accepted7485 Ma
Cambrian
461 Ma
Middle Ordovician
Apsidoceratidae
family
accepted82470 Ma
Middle Ordovician
443 Ma
Silurian
Archiacoceratidae
family
accepted2409 Ma
Early Devonian
383 Ma
Late Devonian
Arctohungaritidae
family
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Arionoceratidae
family
accepted51433 Ma
Silurian
392 Ma
Middle Devonian
Armenoceratidae
family
accepted167485 Ma
Cambrian
247 Ma
Early Triassic
Ascoceratidae
family
accepted75461 Ma
Middle Ordovician
423 Ma
Silurian
Astiericeratidae
family
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Aulacoceratidae
family
acceptedBelemnite55279 Ma
Permian
183 Ma
Early Jurassic
Bactritidae
family
accepted150419 Ma
Early Devonian
222 Ma
Late Triassic
Bajkaloceratidae
family
accepted0
Balkoceratidae
family
accepted1501 Ma
Cambrian
485 Ma
Cambrian
Baltoceratidae
family
accepted110485 Ma
Cambrian
444 Ma
Silurian
Barrandeoceratidae
family
accepted7464 Ma
Middle Ordovician
452 Ma
Late Ordovician
Barrandoceratidae
family
accepted50466 Ma
Middle Ordovician
423 Ma
Silurian
Bassleroceratidae
family
accepted34485 Ma
Cambrian
466 Ma
Middle Ordovician
Bathmoceratidae
family
accepted17479 Ma
Early Ordovician
450 Ma
Late Ordovician
Bathyteuthidae
family
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Beloteuthidae
family
accepted0
Berriasellidae
family
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Beyrichitidae
family
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Bojobactritidae
family
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Boletzkyidae
family
accepted0
Bolloceratidae
family
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Botryceratidae
family
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Brachycycloceratidae
family
accepted24326 Ma
Carboniferous
252 Ma
Permian
Brevicoceratidae
family
accepted14450 Ma
Late Ordovician
388 Ma
Middle Devonian
Carbactinoceratidae
family
accepted37339 Ma
Carboniferous
299 Ma
Carboniferous
Celaenidae
family
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Chihlioceratidae
family
accepted4485 Ma
Cambrian
466 Ma
Middle Ordovician
Chitinoteuthididae
family
acceptedBelemnite0
Choanoceratidae
family
accepted1433 Ma
Silurian
431 Ma
Silurian
Chtenopterygidae
family
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Cicatritidae
family
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Clinoceratidae
family
accepted54472 Ma
Early Ordovician
443 Ma
Silurian
Clydinceratidae
family
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Craspeditidae
family
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Crioceratitidae
family
accepted393140 Ma
Early Cretaceous
93.5 Ma
Late Cretaceous
Cyclostomiceratidae
family
accepted20485 Ma
Cambrian
450 Ma
Late Ordovician
Cyrtendoceratidae
family
accepted39485 Ma
Cambrian
458 Ma
Late Ordovician
Cyrtoceratidae
family
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Cyrtocerinidae
family
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Cyrtogomphoceratidae
family
accepted70470 Ma
Middle Ordovician
393 Ma
Early Devonian
Cyrtopleuritidae
family
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Cyrtovaginoceratidae
family
accepted0
Daaitidae
family
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Dawsonoceratidae
family
accepted172479 Ma
Early Ordovician
388 Ma
Middle Devonian
Decoritidae
family
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Derolytoceratidae
family
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Devonocheilidae
family
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Diestoceratidae
family
accepted135485 Ma
Cambrian
439 Ma
Silurian
Discoceratidae
family
accepted0
Discosoridae
family
accepted20450 Ma
Late Ordovician
384 Ma
Middle Devonian
Donovaniconidae
family
accepted1314 Ma
Carboniferous
306 Ma
Carboniferous
Dorsoplanitidae
family
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Dubariceratidae
family
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Ectocentritidae
family
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Ellesmeroceratidae
family
accepted463501 Ma
Cambrian
461 Ma
Middle Ordovician
Emericiceratidae
family
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Emmonsoceratidae
family
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Endoceratidae
family
accepted495485 Ma
Cambrian
86.3 Ma
Late Cretaceous
Endocycloceratidae
family
accepted0
Engorthoceratidae
family
accepted0
Entimoceratidae
family
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Eodesmoceratidae
family
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Eothinoceratidae
family
accepted25485 Ma
Cambrian
461 Ma
Middle Ordovician
Episageceratidae
family
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Eriditidae
family
accepted3453 Ma
Late Ordovician
444 Ma
Silurian
Eskimoceratidae
family
accepted0
Estonioceratidae
family
accepted57485 Ma
Cambrian
458 Ma
Late Ordovician
Eudoceratidae
family
accepted0
Floweritidae
family
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Galfettitidae
family
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Geisonoceratidae
family
accepted188472 Ma
Early Ordovician
112 Ma
Early Cretaceous
Geopeltididae
family
accepted0
Georginidae
family
accepted1472 Ma
Early Ordovician
458 Ma
Late Ordovician
Glochinomorphidae
family
accepted0
Gonioceratidae
family
accepted121470 Ma
Middle Ordovician
443 Ma
Silurian
Gouldoceratidae
family
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Graciloceratidae
family
accepted13472 Ma
Early Ordovician
444 Ma
Silurian
Greenlandoceratidae
family
accepted0
Guangyuanoceratidae
family
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Hebetoceratidae
family
accepted15466 Ma
Middle Ordovician
444 Ma
Silurian
Helicancylidae
family
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Hematitidae
family
accepted16339 Ma
Carboniferous
318 Ma
Carboniferous
Hemiphragmoceratidae
family
accepted18443 Ma
Silurian
419 Ma
Early Devonian
Hercoceratidae
family
accepted10411 Ma
Early Devonian
403 Ma
Early Devonian
Huaiheceratidae
family
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Humeoceratidae
family
accepted0
Huroniidae
family
accepted20479 Ma
Early Ordovician
423 Ma
Silurian
Hyattoceratidae
family
accepted13290 Ma
Permian
254 Ma
Permian
Idiosepiidae
family
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Intejoceratidae
family
accepted0
Jovellaniidae
family
accepted11461 Ma
Middle Ordovician
411 Ma
Early Devonian
Kalaenidae
family
accepted0
Karagandoceratidae
family
accepted5354 Ma
Carboniferous
345 Ma
Carboniferous
Karoceratidae
family
accepted3423 Ma
Silurian
408 Ma
Early Devonian
Keyserlingitidae
family
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Khvalynitidae
family
accepted47251 Ma
Early Triassic
222 Ma
Late Triassic
Kionoceratidae
family
accepted170468 Ma
Middle Ordovician
306 Ma
Carboniferous
Lambeoceratidae
family
accepted0
Lamellaptychidae
family
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Lamellorthoceratidae
family
accepted10419 Ma
Early Devonian
388 Ma
Middle Devonian
Lechritroceratidae
family
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Lechritrochoceratidae
family
accepted7443 Ma
Silurian
423 Ma
Silurian
Leptoceratoididae
family
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Leptotheuthidae
family
accepted0
Leptotheuthididae
family
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Leurocycloceratidae
family
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Libycoceratidae
family
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Lioteuthididae
family
accepted1183 Ma
Early Jurassic
182 Ma
Early Jurassic
Lissonitidae
family
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Lituitidae
family
accepted97479 Ma
Early Ordovician
423 Ma
Silurian
Loligosepiidae
family
accepted11209 Ma
Late Triassic
182 Ma
Early Jurassic
Lowoceratidae
family
accepted3439 Ma
Silurian
427 Ma
Silurian
Macroscaphidae
family
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Majoceratidae
family
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Manchuroceratidae
family
accepted55485 Ma
Cambrian
450 Ma
Late Ordovician
Mandaloceratidae
family
accepted9441 Ma
Silurian
419 Ma
Early Devonian
Mastigophoridae
family
accepted0
Mastiogoteuthidae
family
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Mecynoceratidae
family
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Meekoceratidae
family
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Mesoceratidae
family
accepted0
Michelinoceratidae
family
accepted0
Mojsisovicsiidae
family
accepted315113 Ma
Early Cretaceous
86.3 Ma
Late Cretaceous
Mongolocertidae
family
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Monoditidae
family
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Mysterioceratidae
family
accepted8467 Ma
Middle Ordovician
450 Ma
Late Ordovician
Naedyceratidae
family
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Naefiteuthididae
family
accepted0
Najaceratidae
family
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Nannolytoceratidae
family
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Narthecoceratidae
family
accepted11461 Ma
Middle Ordovician
444 Ma
Silurian
Necroteuthididae
family
accepted0
Nephriticeratidae
family
accepted18450 Ma
Late Ordovician
383 Ma
Late Devonian
Nothoceratidae
family
accepted4439 Ma
Silurian
388 Ma
Middle Devonian
Novacaroceratidae
family
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Offleyoceratidae
family
accepted0
Olenikitidae
family
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Oncoceratidae
family
accepted344479 Ma
Early Ordovician
318 Ma
Carboniferous
Oonoceratidae
family
accepted20466 Ma
Middle Ordovician
383 Ma
Late Devonian
Ophidioceratidae
family
accepted0
Ophioceratidae
family
accepted0
Ormoceratidae
family
accepted114479 Ma
Early Ordovician
371 Ma
Late Devonian
Orthoceratidae
family
accepted1,061485 Ma
Cambrian
206 Ma
Late Triassic
Ostenoteuthidae
family
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Padunoceratidae
family
accepted1464 Ma
Middle Ordovician
461 Ma
Middle Ordovician
Palaeobelemnopsidae
family
acceptedBelemnite3260 Ma
Permian
252 Ma
Permian
Palaeololiginidae
family
accepted0
Palicitidae
family
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Parabactritidae
family
accepted6299 Ma
Carboniferous
254 Ma
Permian
Paraganitidae
family
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Paranannitidae
family
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Paraphragmitidae
family
accepted17439 Ma
Silurian
423 Ma
Silurian
Parauloceratidae
family
accepted2411 Ma
Early Devonian
408 Ma
Early Devonian
Parentitidae
family
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Phlycticrioceratidae
family
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Phragmoceratidae
family
accepted52456 Ma
Late Ordovician
408 Ma
Early Devonian
Phragmoteuthididae
family
accepted4260 Ma
Permian
201 Ma
Early Jurassic
Phricodoceratidae
family
accepted86197 Ma
Early Jurassic
183 Ma
Early Jurassic
Phthanoncoceratidae
family
accepted5479 Ma
Early Ordovician
461 Ma
Middle Ordovician
Piloceratidae
family
accepted84485 Ma
Cambrian
458 Ma
Middle Ordovician
Plectoceratidae
family
accepted26479 Ma
Early Ordovician
443 Ma
Silurian
Plectronoceratidae
family
accepted6501 Ma
Cambrian
5.33 Ma
Miocene
Plesioteuthididae
family
accepted0
Pleuroacanthitidae
family
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Polydesmiidae
family
accepted15479 Ma
Early Ordovician
461 Ma
Middle Ordovician
Polyelasmoceratidae
family
accepted3450 Ma
Late Ordovician
392 Ma
Middle Devonian
Polymeridae
family
accepted7485 Ma
Cambrian
470 Ma
Middle Ordovician
Poterioceratidae
family
accepted7376 Ma
Late Devonian
299 Ma
Carboniferous
Probillingsitidae
family
accepted72461 Ma
Middle Ordovician
443 Ma
Silurian
Propinacoceratidae
family
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Protactinoceratidae
family
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Proteoceratidae
family
accepted323485 Ma
Cambrian
433 Ma
Silurian
Proterocameroceratidae
family
accepted152485 Ma
Cambrian
450 Ma
Late Ordovician
Protoaulacoceratidae
family
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Protocycloceratidae
family
accepted138485 Ma
Cambrian
299 Ma
Carboniferous
Pseudarietitidae
family
accepted9359 Ma
Late Devonian
347 Ma
Carboniferous
Pseudorthoceratidae
family
accepted359461 Ma
Middle Ordovician
252 Ma
Permian
Pseudotissotiidae
family
accepted19399.6 Ma
Late Cretaceous
86.3 Ma
Late Cretaceous
Psuedorthoceratidae
family
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Punctaptychidae
family
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Rangeroceratidae
family
accepted5485 Ma
Cambrian
461 Ma
Middle Ordovician
Rhiphaeoteuthidae
family
accepted0
Rioceratidae
family
accepted21485 Ma
Cambrian
468 Ma
Middle Ordovician
Robsonoceratidae
family
accepted0
Rudolfoceratidae
family
accepted12485 Ma
Cambrian
466 Ma
Middle Ordovician
Ruedemannoceratidae
family
accepted3472 Ma
Early Ordovician
458 Ma
Late Ordovician
Sactorthoceratidae
family
accepted34479 Ma
Early Ordovician
427 Ma
Silurian
Sagenitidae
family
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Sepiaphoridae
family
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Shideleroceratidae
family
accepted2450 Ma
Late Ordovician
444 Ma
Silurian
Sichuanoceratidae
family
accepted10439 Ma
Silurian
411 Ma
Early Devonian
Sinoceratidae
family
accepted26468 Ma
Middle Ordovician
444 Ma
Silurian
Sinotitidae
family
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Sinuobactritidae
family
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Sirenitidae
family
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Sonneratiidae
family
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Sphaerorthoceratidae
family
accepted106443 Ma
Silurian
371 Ma
Late Devonian
Sphaerortoceratidae
family
accepted0
Sphooceratidae
family
accepted11443 Ma
Silurian
411 Ma
Early Devonian
Spyroceratidae
family
accepted370472 Ma
Early Ordovician
252 Ma
Permian
Stemtonoceratidae
family
accepted0
Stephanitidae
family
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Stereoplasmoceratidae
family
accepted20485 Ma
Cambrian
450 Ma
Late Ordovician
Striatoceratidae
family
accepted0
Surenitidae
family
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Sygambritidae
family
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Tarphyceratidae
family
accepted107485 Ma
Cambrian
450 Ma
Late Ordovician
Taxyceratidae
family
accepted0
Teudopseidae
family
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Teudopsidae
family
accepted0
Thylacoceratidae
family
accepted2485 Ma
Cambrian
466 Ma
Middle Ordovician
Tirolitidae
family
accepted123252 Ma
Permian
247 Ma
Early Triassic
Trachyteuthididae
family
accepted0
Trainoceratidae
family
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Trimeroceratidae
family
accepted35443 Ma
Silurian
419 Ma
Early Devonian
Tripleuroceratidae
family
accepted0
Tripteroceratidae
family
accepted66470 Ma
Middle Ordovician
433 Ma
Silurian
Trochleiceratidae
family
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Trocholitidae
family
accepted186485 Ma
Cambrian
443 Ma
Silurian
Troedssonellidae
family
accepted28485 Ma
Cambrian
450 Ma
Late Ordovician
Uddenitidae
family
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Ukhtoceratidae
family
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Uranoceratidae
family
accepted6453 Ma
Late Ordovician
427 Ma
Silurian
Valcouroceratidae
family
accepted96468 Ma
Middle Ordovician
444 Ma
Silurian
Wademidae
family
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Westonoceratidae
family
accepted135479 Ma
Early Ordovician
403 Ma
Early Devonian
Wutinoceratidae
family
accepted19479 Ma
Early Ordovician
458 Ma
Late Ordovician
Xiaoshanoceratidae
family
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Xiphoteuthididae
family
acceptedBelemnite124265 Ma
Permian
174 Ma
Middle Jurassic
Yanheceratidae
family
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Yorkoceratidae
family
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Acanthoplites
genus
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Aethiosolen
genus
accepted0
Akidocheilus
genus
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Allotissotia
genus
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Amoebites
genus
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Ampakabites
genus
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Amundiptychites
genus
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Ancylotropaeum
genus
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Anthomorpha
genus
accepted0
Aphyctoceras
genus
accepted1419 Ma
Early Devonian
411 Ma
Early Devonian
Aptychus
genus
accepted10165 Ma
Middle Jurassic
70.6 Ma
Late Cretaceous
Arctoteuthis
genus
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Arisphinctes
genus
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Arkelloceras
genus
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Arkonoceras
genus
accepted4427 Ma
Silurian
411 Ma
Early Devonian
Balkanites
genus
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Bernhardites
genus
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Besairieceras
genus
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Boreopeltis
genus
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Botellusoceras
genus
accepted1472 Ma
Early Ordovician
466 Ma
Middle Ordovician
Cacheoceras
genus
accepted0
Camereiceras
genus
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Campitius
genus
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Caracoliceras
genus
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Cleistosphinctes
genus
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Coeloderoceras
genus
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Colvillia
genus
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Conchorhynchus
genus
accepted293.5 Ma
Late Cretaceous
66.0 Ma
Late Cretaceous
Cornaptychus
genus
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Craginites
genus
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Cranocephalites
genus
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Crenuloceras
genus
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Curvites
genus
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Darellia
genus
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Deiradoceras
genus
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Delecticeras
genus
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Derolytoceras
genus
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Dettermanites
genus
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Dichotomosphinctes
genus
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Didymoceratoides
genus
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Diploceras
genus
accepted2113 Ma
Early Cretaceous
99.6 Ma
Late Cretaceous
Dipoloceroides
genus
accepted7113 Ma
Early Cretaceous
99.6 Ma
Late Cretaceous
Discosphinctes
genus
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Donacoceras
genus
accepted1461 Ma
Middle Ordovician
444 Ma
Silurian
Drakeoceras
genus
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Durotrigensia
genus
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Eidophylloceras
genus
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Enigmoceras
genus
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Eotripteroceras
genus
accepted1461 Ma
Middle Ordovician
450 Ma
Late Ordovician
Epideroceras
genus
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Epizigzagiceras
genus
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Eudoceras
genus
accepted0
Franchia
genus
accepted4168 Ma
Middle Jurassic
165 Ma
Middle Jurassic
Furoniceras
genus
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Geczyceras
genus
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Germanoteuthis
genus
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Glochinomorpha
genus
accepted1272 Ma
Permian
269 Ma
Permian
Gonolkites
genus
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Gouldoceras
genus
accepted1456 Ma
Late Ordovician
450 Ma
Late Ordovician
Gracililamellaptychus
genus
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Gramadella
genus
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Granulaptychus
genus
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Granulochetoceras
genus
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Guerangericeras
genus
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Hadrocheilus
genus
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Hlawiceras
genus
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Imbricatoceras
genus
accepted8456 Ma
Late Ordovician
433 Ma
Silurian
Infabricaticeras
genus
accepted293.5 Ma
Late Cretaceous
89.3 Ma
Late Cretaceous
Infraparkinsonia
genus
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Infrapatoceras
genus
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Ingridella
genus
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Jeanrogericeras
genus
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Johnsonites
genus
accepted0
Karapadites
genus
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Keraiaceras
genus
accepted1485 Ma
Cambrian
479 Ma
Early Ordovician
Kheraiceras
genus
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Kiotoceras
genus
accepted0
Kophinoceras
genus
accepted0
Kugeloceras
genus
accepted0
Laevaptychus
genus
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Laevilamellaptychus
genus
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Leurocycloceras
genus
accepted13443 Ma
Silurian
423 Ma
Silurian
Loxoceras
genus
accepted0
Manuaniceras
genus
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Marathonites
genus
accepted17307 Ma
Carboniferous
265 Ma
Permian
Marekites
genus
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Meneghiniceras
genus
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Metacymbites
genus
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Metoxynoticeras
genus
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Najaceras
genus
accepted0
Nelimenia
genus
accepted0
Nevadaceras
genus
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Nolaniceras
genus
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Oistoceras
genus
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Oligosella
genus
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Onychites
genus
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Oregonites
genus
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Orthogarantiana
genus
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Palaeocycloceras
genus
accepted4479 Ma
Early Ordovician
464 Ma
Middle Ordovician
Paradakeoceras
genus
accepted3485 Ma
Cambrian
478 Ma
Early Ordovician
Parahelenites
genus
accepted4461 Ma
Middle Ordovician
431 Ma
Silurian
Paramadiganella
genus
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Parasolenoceras
genus
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Paratrematoceras
genus
accepted1251 Ma
Early Triassic
247 Ma
Early Triassic
Paroecotraustes
genus
accepted37168 Ma
Middle Jurassic
161 Ma
Jurassic
Penhsioceras
genus
accepted2479 Ma
Early Ordovician
466 Ma
Middle Ordovician
Perkinsoceras
genus
accepted0
Pervinquieria
genus
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Platynoticeras
genus
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Platyscaphites
genus
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Plectolites
genus
accepted0
Plesiotissotia
genus
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Pohlsepia
genus
accepted1311 Ma
Carboniferous
307 Ma
Carboniferous
Polyplectites
genus
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Praebigotites
genus
accepted3172 Ma
Middle Jurassic
168 Ma
Middle Jurassic
Propolyptychites
genus
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Pseudogarantiana
genus
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Pseudoglaphyrites
genus
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Pseudovirgatites
genus
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Rhomboteuthis
genus
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Rhyncholites
genus
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Rhyncolites
genus
accepted172.1 Ma
Late Cretaceous
66.0 Ma
Late Cretaceous
Rhytidohoplites
genus
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Richmondoceras
genus
accepted3450 Ma
Late Ordovician
444 Ma
Silurian
Rossicoceras
genus
accepted4453 Ma
Late Ordovician
445 Ma
Late Ordovician
Rossoceras
genus
accepted2472 Ma
Early Ordovician
458 Ma
Late Ordovician
Schneidia
genus
accepted11164 Ma
Middle Jurassic
145 Ma
Late Jurassic
Selwynoceras
genus
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Sewardoceras
genus
accepted0
Shaoyangoceras
genus
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Sidemina
genus
accepted0
Siphonium
genus
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Slemmestadoceras
genus
accepted3485 Ma
Cambrian
478 Ma
Early Ordovician
Smedaliceras
genus
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Spathiceras
genus
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Sphaeroptychius
genus
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Subarcthoplites
genus
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Sublunuloceras
genus
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Subplanitoides
genus
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Sulciferites
genus
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Talkeetnites
genus
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Telleroceras
genus
accepted0
Tetragonites
genus
accepted168125 Ma
Early Cretaceous
66.0 Ma
Late Cretaceous
Tienoceras
genus
accepted1279 Ma
Permian
272 Ma
Permian
Triadoteuthis
genus
accepted1242 Ma
Middle Triassic
235 Ma
Late Triassic
Trinitoceras
genus
accepted0
Tugurites
genus
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Tuxednites
genus
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Vassaroceras
genus
accepted3485 Ma
Cambrian
479 Ma
Early Ordovician
Vidrioceras
genus
accepted12307 Ma
Carboniferous
299 Ma
Carboniferous
Wetherbyoceras
genus
accepted0
Williamsoceras
genus
accepted0
Yorkoceras
genus
accepted0
Zugmontites
genus
accepted0
Ancanthoceras bellense
species
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Ancanthoceras lonsdalei
species
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Ancanthoceras stephensoni
species
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Ancanthoceras wintoni
species
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Ancistruceras deckeri
species
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Aneuretocerass variabile
species
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Calcyrtoceras bouleauxense
species
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Chlidonocrinus echinatus
species
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Crytoceras cretaceum
species
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Crytoceras planodorsatum
species
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Enploteuthis margaritifera
species
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Glebsoceras chispaense
species
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Goldringoceras lentiexpansum
species
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Japakella insularum
species
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Litophragmatoceras incomptum
species
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Metaptycoceras annulatum
species
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Neoganides grahamensis
species
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Onetoceras marylandicum
species
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Onoceras brevicurvatum
species
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Onoceras mckenzicum
species
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Onoceras mumiaforme
species
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Piestoceras obliquum
species
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Pleurophorella exilis
species
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Pleurophorella leei
species
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Polmorphites senescens
species
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Procerithium sandoi
species
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Protospongia socorroense
species
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Pseudodanubuites nicholsi
species
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Pseudopteria stephensoni
species
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Toloceras dowlingi
species
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Torricelliceras spinosus
species
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB

Unlinked PBDB sub-entries

NameStatusFossil OccurrencesExtantOldestYoungest
Plectonocerida
order
Not linked to GBIF0extinct
Protactinocerida
order
Not linked to GBIF0extinct
Yanhecerida
order
Not linked to GBIF3extinct499 Ma
Cambrian
485 Ma
Cambrian
Ascocerida
order
Not linked to GBIF164extinct466 Ma
Middle Ordovician
423 Ma
Silurian
Actinocerida
order
Not linked to GBIF701extinct485 Ma
Cambrian
247 Ma
Early Triassic
Endocerida
order
Not linked to GBIF871extinct499 Ma
Cambrian
86.3 Ma
Late Cretaceous
Discosorida
order
Not linked to GBIF304extinct485 Ma
Cambrian
99.6 Ma
Late Cretaceous
Oncocerida
order
Not linked to GBIF803extinct485 Ma
Cambrian
299 Ma
Carboniferous
Tarphycerida
order
Not linked to GBIF361extinct485 Ma
Cambrian
419 Ma
Early Devonian
Barrandeocerida
order
Not linked to GBIF196extinct479 Ma
Early Ordovician
383 Ma
Late Devonian
Desmoceras
genus
Not linked to GBIF1extinct113 Ma
Early Cretaceous
101 Ma
Late Cretaceous
Boletzkida
order
Not linked to GBIF0extinct
Coleoidea
subclass
Not linked to GBIF2,074extant516 Ma
Cambrian
0.01 Ma
Pleistocene
Nautiloidea
subclass
Not linked to GBIF4,552extant488 Ma
Cambrian
Bactritoidea
subclass
Not linked to GBIF160extinct419 Ma
Early Devonian
222 Ma
Late Triassic
Tetrabranchiata
subclass
Not linked to GBIF0extant
Ellesmerocerida
order
Not linked to GBIF647extinct501 Ma
Cambrian
5.33 Ma
Miocene
Endoceratoidea
subclass
Not linked to GBIF25extinct485 Ma
Cambrian
99.6 Ma
Late Cretaceous
Actinoceratoidea
subclass
Not linked to GBIF0extinct
Orthoceratoidea
subclass
Not linked to GBIF217extinct485 Ma
Cambrian
228 Ma
Late Triassic
Hadrocheilus
genus
Not linked to GBIF0extinct
Akidocheilus
genus
Not linked to GBIF0extinct
Mesoteuthoidea
superfamily
Not linked to GBIF9extinct89.8 Ma
Late Cretaceous
70.6 Ma
Late Cretaceous
Pseudorthocerida
order
Not linked to GBIF730extinct472 Ma
Early Ordovician
252 Ma
Permian
Orthoceratoidea
subclass
Not linked to GBIF2,701extinct485 Ma
Cambrian
112 Ma
Early Cretaceous
Nautilus (Solenochilus)
subgenus
Not linked to GBIF0extinct
Didymoceras
genus
Not linked to GBIF1extinct479 Ma
Early Ordovician
466 Ma
Middle Ordovician

Obsolete Names

NameSourceTaxon RankTaxonomy
Ohioceratidae GBIFfamilyAnimalia : Mollusca : Cephalopoda : Ohioceratidae

Synonymy List

YearName and Author
1797Cephalopoda Cuvier
1895Cephalopoda Stanton p. 72
1904Cephalopoda Martin p. 130
1927Cephalopoda Smith
1936Ohioceratidae Shimizu and Obata
1945Michelinoceratinae Flower
1964Leurocycloceratinae Sweet p. 230
YearName and Author
1967Cephalopoda Miagkova
1984Cephalopoda Squires p. 54
2001Cephalopoda Wells and Houston p. 129
2002Cephalopoda Sepkoski, Jr.
2005Michelinoceratinae Evans p. 57
2006Cephalopoda Giribet et al. p. 7724

References

Sepkoski, Jr. J. J. (2002) A compendium of fossil marine animal genera, Bulletins of American Paleontology 363, 1-560
Stanton T. W. Contributions to the Cretaceous paleontology of the Pacific coast. : The fauna of the Knoxville, Bulletin of the United States Geological Survey 133, 1-132 doi:10.3133/b133
Smith J. P. (1927) Upper Triassic marine invertebrate faunas of North America, United States Geological Survey Professional Paper 141, 1-262
Miagkova E. I. (1967) Siluriiskie nautiloidei Sibirskoi platformy, 1-55
Squires R. L. (1984) Megapaleontology of the Eocene Llajas Formation, Simi Valley, California, Contributions in Science, Natural History Museum of Los Angeles County 350, 1-76
Wells A., Houston W. W. K. (2001) , Zoological Catalogue of Australia: Mollusca 17 2
Evans D. H. (2005) The Lower and Middle Ordovician cephalopod faunas of England and Wales, Monograph of the Palaeontographical Society 623, 1-81
Giribet G., Okusu A., et al (2006) Evidence for a clade composed of molluscs with serially repeated structures: monoplacophorans are related to chitons, Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences 103 20, 7723-7728
WoRMS (2016) Accessed through World Register of Marine Species at http://www.marinespecies.org/ - via Dyntaxa. Svensk taxonomisk databas
Gärdenfors, Ulf, Hall, Ragnar, Hallingbäck, Tomas, Hansson, Hans G. & Hedström, Lars (2003) Djur, svampar och växter i Sverige 2003. Förteckning över antal arter per familj. ArtDatabanken Rapporterar 5, ArtDatabanken, Uppsala. (reviderad excelfil med svenska djurfamiljer). - via Dyntaxa. Svensk taxonomisk databas
Le Renard, J. (2016) CLEMAM: Check List of European Marine Mollusca. Online: http://www.somali.asso.fr/clemam/index.clemam.html - via Dyntaxa. Svensk taxonomisk databas
Cuvier, G. 1795. Second Mémoire sur l'organisation et les rapports des animaux à sang blanc, dans lequel on traite de la structure des Mollusques et de leur division en ordre, lu à la société d'Histoire Naturelle de Paris, le 11 prairial an troisième [30 May 1795]. Magazin Encyclopédique, ou Journal des Sciences, des Lettres et des Arts, 1795 [1. année] 2: 433-449. - via World Register of Marine Species
Sweeney, M. J. and C. F. E. Roper / N. A. Voss, M. Vecchione, R. B. Toll and M. J. Sweeney, eds., 1998: Classification, type localities and type repositories of recent Cephalopoda. Systematics and Biogeography of Cephalopods. Smithsonian Contributions to Zoology, 586 (I-II). 561-599. - via Integrated Taxonomic Information System (ITIS)
Young R.E. , Vecchione M. & Mangold K.M. (2012) Cephalopoda Cuvier 1797. Octopods, squids, nautiluses, etc.. Version 10 November 2012 (under construction). http://tolweb.org/Cephalopoda/19386/2012.11.10 in The Tree of Life Web Project, http://tolweb.org/ - via World Register of Marine Species
Cuvier, G. 1795. Second Mémoire sur l'organisation et les rapports des animaux à sang blanc, dans lequel on traite de la structure des Mollusques et de leur division en ordre, lu à la société d'Histoire Naturelle de Paris, le 11 prairial an troisième [30 May 1795]. Magazin Encyclopédique, ou Journal des Sciences, des Lettres et des Arts, 1795 [1. année] 2: 433-449. - via World Register of Introduced Marine Species (WRiMS)
Young R.E. , Vecchione M. & Mangold K.M. (2012) Cephalopoda Cuvier 1797. Octopods, squids, nautiluses, etc.. Version 10 November 2012 (under construction). http://tolweb.org/Cephalopoda/19386/2012.11.10 in The Tree of Life Web Project, http://tolweb.org/ - via World Register of Introduced Marine Species (WRiMS)
Data courtesy of: PBDB: The Paleobiology Database, Creative Commons CC-BY licenced. , GBIF: the Global Biodiversity Information Facility, various licences, iDigBio, various licences, and EOL: The Encyclopedia of Life (Open Data Public Domain). Because fossils are made of minerals too!
 
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