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Anthocerotopsida

Description

Hornworts are a group of non-vascular plants constituting the division Anthocerotophyta. The common name refers to the elongated horn-like structure, which is the sporophyte. As in mosses and liverworts, the flattened, green plant body of a hornwort is the gametophyte plant.


Source Data
SourceIDLink
Global Biodiversity Information Facility ID (GBIF)132https://www.gbif.org/species/132
PaleoBioDB ID (PBDB)55131https://paleobiodb.org/classic/checkTaxonInfo?taxon_no=55131
Rankclass
Taxonomy (GBIF)Life : Plantae : Anthocerotophyta : Anthocerotopsida
Taxonomy (PBDB)Life : Chlorobiota : Anthocerophyta : Anthocerotopsida
Taxonomic Status (GBIF)accepted
Classification
RankNameAuthor
kingdomChlorobiota
subkingdomStreptobionta
Embryobiotes
superphylumAnthoceromorpha
phylumAnthocerophyta
classAnthocerotopsida
Unranked entries are considered an unranked clade in modern classifications. Ranks may be repeated or presented in the wrong order because authors may disagree about how to rank taxa.
Scientific NameAnthocerotopsida
Status (PBDB)extant
Taxon Size (PBDB)2
Extant Size (PBDB)2 (100%)
First Recorded Appearance28.4 - 11.6 Ma
Cenozoic
Primary Reference (PBDB)P. Kenrick and P.R. Crane. 1997. The Origin and Early Diversification of Land Plants: a Cladistic Study
Wikipediahttps://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Anthocerotopsida

Fossil Distribution

Subtaxa

NameStatusCommon Name(s)Fossil OccurrencesOldestYoungest
Anthocerotales
order
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Dendrocerotales
order
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Notothyladales
order
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Phymatocerotales
order
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB

Unlinked PBDB sub-entries

NameStatusFossil OccurrencesExtantOldestYoungest
Anthoceros
genus
Not linked to GBIF27extant28.4 Ma
Oligocene

Synonymy List

YearName and Author
1997Anthocerotopsida Kenrick and Crane

References

Kenrick P., Crane P.R. (1997) , The Origin and Early Diversification of Land Plants: a Cladistic Study
Ruggiero, M. A.; Gordon, D. P.; Orrell, T. M.; Bailly, N.; Bourgoin, T.; Brusca, R. C.; Cavalier-Smith, T.; Guiry, M. D.; Kirk, P. M. (2015). Correction: A Higher Level Classification of All Living Organisms. PLoS ONE. 10(4): e0119248. - via World Register of Marine Species
Gärdenfors, Ulf, Hall, R., Hallingbäck, T., Hansson, H.G. & Hedström, L. (2003) Djur, svampar och växter i Sverige 2003. Förteckning över antal arter per familj. ArtDatabanken Rapporterar 5, ArtDatabanken, Uppsala. (reviderad excelfil med svenska växtfamiljer). - via Dyntaxa. Svensk taxonomisk databas
Renzaglia, Karen S., Juan C. Villarreal, and R. Joel Duff / Goffinet, B., and A. J. Shaw, eds., 2008: New insights into morphology, anatomy, and systematics of hornworts. Bryophyte Biology, Second Edition. 139-171. - via Integrated Taxonomic Information System (ITIS)
Söderström, Lars, Anders Hagborg, Matt von Konrat, Sharon Bartholomew-Began, David Bell, et al., 2016: World Checklist of hornworts and liverworts. PhytoKeys, vol. 59. 1-828. - via Integrated Taxonomic Information System (ITIS)
Data courtesy of: PBDB: The Paleobiology Database, Creative Commons CC-BY licenced. , GBIF: the Global Biodiversity Information Facility, various licences, iDigBio, various licences, and EOL: The Encyclopedia of Life (Open Data Public Domain). Because fossils are made of minerals too!
 
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