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Scolopendromorpha

Description

Centipedes (from the New Latin prefix centi-, "hundred", and the Latin word pes, pedis, "foot") are predatory arthropods belonging to the class Chilopoda of the subphylum Myriapoda, an arthropod group which also includes millipedes and other multi-legged creatures. Centipedes are elongated metameric creatures with one pair of legs per body segment. Most centipedes are generally venomous and could inflict a painful bite, injecting their venom through pincer-like appendage known as forcipules. Despite the name, centipedes can have a varying number of legs, ranging from 30 to 354. Centipedes always have an odd number of pairs of legs. Therefore, no centipede has exactly 100 legs. Similar to spiders and scorpions, centipedes are predominantly carnivorous.


Source Data
SourceIDLink
Global Biodiversity Information Facility ID (GBIF)1252https://www.gbif.org/species/1252
PaleoBioDB ID (PBDB)290420https://paleobiodb.org/classic/checkTaxonInfo?taxon_no=290420
Rankorder
Taxonomy (GBIF,PBDB)Life : Animalia : Arthropoda : Chilopoda : Scolopendromorpha
Taxonomic Status (GBIF)accepted
Classification
RankNameAuthor
kingdomAnimaliaLinnaeus 1758
Bilateria
EubilateriaAx 1987
ProtostomiaGrobben 1908
Ecdysozoa
Panarthropoda
phylumArthropodaLatreille 1829
classMyriapodaLatreille 1802
classChilopoda(Latreille 1817)
Pleurostigmophora
Phylactrometria
EpimorphaHaase 1880
orderScolopendromorpha
Unranked entries are considered an unranked clade in modern classifications. Ranks may be repeated or presented in the wrong order because authors may disagree about how to rank taxa.
Scientific NameScolopendromorpha
Status (PBDB)extant
Taxon Size (PBDB)18
Extant Size (PBDB)8 (44%)
First Recorded Appearance280 - 273 Ma
Permian
Motilityactively mobile (based on Arthropoda)
Primary Reference (PBDB)G. D. Edgecombe and G. Giribet. 2007. Evolutionary biology of centipedes (Myriapoda: Chilopoda). Annual Reviews of Entomology 52:151-170
Common Name(s) Scolopendromorphs
Wikipediahttps://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Scolopendromorpha

External Images

Fossil Distribution

Subtaxa

NameStatusCommon Name(s)Fossil OccurrencesOldestYoungest
Cryptopidae
family
accepted223.0 Ma
Miocene
0 Ma
Extant
Cryptopsidae
family
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Mimopidae
family
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Plutoniumidae
family
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Scolopendridae
family
accepted3122 Ma
Early Cretaceous
0 Ma
Extant
Scolopocryptopidae
family
accepted123.0 Ma
Miocene
0 Ma
Extant

Unlinked PBDB sub-entries

NameStatusFossil OccurrencesExtantOldestYoungest
Permocrassacus
genus
Not linked to GBIF1extinct280 Ma
Permian
273 Ma
Permian
Permocryptops
genus
Not linked to GBIF1extinct260 Ma
Permian
254 Ma
Permian

Synonymy List

YearName and Author
1969Scolopendrida Hoffman p. 604
2007Scolopendromorpha Edgecombe and Giribet
2018Scolopendromorpha Riquelme and Hernández-Patricio p. 644

References

Edgecombe G. D., Giribet G. (2007) Evolutionary biology of centipedes (Myriapoda: Chilopoda), Annual Reviews of Entomology 52, 151-170
Hoffman R. L. (1969) Myriapoda, exclusive of Insecta, Treatise on Invertebrate Paleontology, Part 4, Arthropoda 4 2, 572-606
Riquelme F., Hernández-Patricio M. (2018) The millipedes and centipedes of Chiapas amber, Check List 14 4, 637-646
Gärdenfors, Ulf, Hall, Ragnar, Hallingbäck, Tomas, Hansson, Hans G. & Hedström, Lars (2003) Djur, svampar och växter i Sverige 2003. Förteckning över antal arter per familj. ArtDatabanken Rapporterar 5, ArtDatabanken, Uppsala. (reviderad excelfil med svenska djurfamiljer). - via Dyntaxa. Svensk taxonomisk databas
Andersson, Meidell, A, Scheller, Winqvist, Osterkamp Madsen, Djursvoll, Budd & Gärdenfors (2005) Nationalnyckeln till Sveriges flora och fauna. Mångfotingar. Myriapoda. - via Dyntaxa. Svensk taxonomisk databas
Bonato, L., G. D. Edgecombe, and M. Zapparoli / Minelli, A., ed., 2011: Chilopoda - Taxonomic overview. Treatise on Zoology - The Myriapoda, vol. 1. 363-443. - via Integrated Taxonomic Information System (ITIS)
Data courtesy of: PBDB: The Paleobiology Database, Creative Commons CC-BY licenced. , GBIF: the Global Biodiversity Information Facility, various licences, iDigBio, various licences, and EOL: The Encyclopedia of Life (Open Data Public Domain). Because fossils are made of minerals too!
 
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