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Geophilomorpha

Description

Centipedes (from the New Latin prefix centi-, "hundred", and the Latin word pes, pedis, "foot") are predatory arthropods belonging to the class Chilopoda of the subphylum Myriapoda, an arthropod group which also includes millipedes and other multi-legged creatures. Centipedes are elongated metameric creatures with one pair of legs per body segment. Most centipedes are generally venomous and could inflict a painful bite, injecting their venom through pincer-like appendage known as forcipules. Despite the name, centipedes can have a varying number of legs, ranging from 30 to 354. Centipedes always have an odd number of pairs of legs. Therefore, no centipede has exactly 100 legs. Similar to spiders and scorpions, centipedes are predominantly carnivorous.


Source Data
SourceIDLink
Global Biodiversity Information Facility ID (GBIF)1251https://www.gbif.org/species/1251
PaleoBioDB ID (PBDB)288298https://paleobiodb.org/classic/checkTaxonInfo?taxon_no=288298
Rankorder
Taxonomy (GBIF,PBDB)Life : Animalia : Arthropoda : Chilopoda : Geophilomorpha
Taxonomic Status (GBIF)accepted
Classification
RankNameAuthor
kingdomAnimaliaLinnaeus 1758
Bilateria
EubilateriaAx 1987
ProtostomiaGrobben 1908
Ecdysozoa
Panarthropoda
phylumArthropodaLatreille 1829
classMyriapodaLatreille 1802
classChilopoda(Latreille 1817)
Pleurostigmophora
Phylactrometria
EpimorphaHaase 1880
orderGeophilomorpha
Unranked entries are considered an unranked clade in modern classifications. Ranks may be repeated or presented in the wrong order because authors may disagree about how to rank taxa.
Scientific NameGeophilomorpha
Status (PBDB)extant
Taxon Size (PBDB)16
Extant Size (PBDB)5 (31%)
First Recorded Appearance156 - 151 Ma
Jurassic
Motilityactively mobile (based on Arthropoda)
Primary Reference (PBDB)M. E. Clapham. 2018. Insect taxonomy information from the internet, with fixing of species orphaned by genus synonymy.
Common Name(s) Earth Centipedes, Wire Centipedes
Wikipediahttps://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Geophilomorpha

External Images

Fossil Distribution

Subtaxa

NameStatusCommon Name(s)Fossil OccurrencesOldestYoungest
Aphilodontidae
family
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Ballophilidae
family
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Dignathodontidae
family
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Eriphantidae
family
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Eucratonychidae
family
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Geophilidae
family
accepted7156 Ma
Jurassic
0 Ma
Extant
Gonibregmatidae
family
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Himantariidae
family
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Linotaeniidae
family
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Macronicophilidae
family
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Mecistocephalidae
family
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Neogeophilidae
family
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Oryidae
family
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Schendylidae
family
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Tampiyidae
family
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Zelanophilidae
family
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Buziniphilus
genus
accepted199.6 Ma
Late Cretaceous
93.5 Ma
Late Cretaceous
Calciphilus
genus
accepted15.33 Ma
Miocene
2.59 Ma
Pleistocene
Acrophilus toltecus
species
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Andineum clarum
species
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Andineum leium
species
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Andineum pauronyx
species
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Cerethnius naiquatanus
species
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Conidamus augens
species
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Idiothus shelfordi
species
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Orunguis koestneri
species
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Osmandyla eudonta
species
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Osmandyla munda
species
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Portona rica
species
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Portuna socia
species
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Ricorya erga
species
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Saturodes isolatus
species
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Stigmatogater dimidiatus
species
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Type erzurumensis
species
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Verunguis paucipes
species
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Zinaphe colombiana
species
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB

Unlinked PBDB sub-entries

NameStatusFossil OccurrencesExtantOldestYoungest
Adesmata
unranked clade
Not linked to GBIF8extant156 Ma
Jurassic
16.0 Ma
Miocene

Synonymy List

YearName and Author
1969Geophilida Hoffman p. 603
2007Geophilomorpha Edgecombe and Giribet
2018Geophilomorpha Riquelme and Hernández-Patricio p. 644

References

Clapham M. E. (2018) Insect taxonomy information from the internet, with fixing of species orphaned by genus synonymy
Hoffman R. L. (1969) Myriapoda, exclusive of Insecta, Treatise on Invertebrate Paleontology, Part 4, Arthropoda 4 2, 572-606
Edgecombe G. D., Giribet G. (2007) Evolutionary biology of centipedes (Myriapoda: Chilopoda), Annual Reviews of Entomology 52, 151-170
Riquelme F., Hernández-Patricio M. (2018) The millipedes and centipedes of Chiapas amber, Check List 14 4, 637-646
Hayward, P.J.; Ryland, J.S. (Ed.). (1990). The marine fauna of the British Isles and North-West Europe: 1. Introduction and protozoans to arthropods. Clarendon Press: Oxford, UK. ISBN 0-19-857356-1. 627 pp. - via World Register of Marine Species
Barber, A. D. (2009). Littoral myriapods. a review. Soil Organisms. 81(3): 735-760. - via World Register of Marine Species
Minelli, A. (2001). Chilopoda and Diplopoda, in: Costello, M.J. et al. (Ed.) (2001). European register of marine species: a check-list of the marine species in Europe and a bibliography of guides to their identification. Collection Patrimoines Naturels, 50: pp. 323 - via World Register of Marine Species
Gärdenfors, Ulf, Hall, Ragnar, Hallingbäck, Tomas, Hansson, Hans G. & Hedström, Lars (2003) Djur, svampar och växter i Sverige 2003. Förteckning över antal arter per familj. ArtDatabanken Rapporterar 5, ArtDatabanken, Uppsala. (reviderad excelfil med svenska djurfamiljer). - via Dyntaxa. Svensk taxonomisk databas
Andersson, Meidell, A, Scheller, Winqvist, Osterkamp Madsen, Djursvoll, Budd & Gärdenfors (2005) Nationalnyckeln till Sveriges flora och fauna. Mångfotingar. Myriapoda. - via Dyntaxa. Svensk taxonomisk databas
Bonato, Lucio, Leandro Drago, and Jérome Murienne, 2014: Phylogeny of Geophilomorpha (Chilopoda) inferred from new morphological and molecular evidence. Cladistics, vol. 30, no. 5. 485-507. - via Integrated Taxonomic Information System (ITIS)
Bonato, L., G. D. Edgecombe, and M. Zapparoli / Minelli, A., ed., 2011: Chilopoda - Taxonomic overview. Treatise on Zoology - The Myriapoda, vol. 1. 363-443. - via Integrated Taxonomic Information System (ITIS)
Data courtesy of: PBDB: The Paleobiology Database, Creative Commons CC-BY licenced. , GBIF: the Global Biodiversity Information Facility, various licences, iDigBio, various licences, and EOL: The Encyclopedia of Life (Open Data Public Domain). Because fossils are made of minerals too!
 
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