登录注册
主页关于 MindatMindat手册Mindat的历史版权Who We Are联系我们于 Mindat.org刊登广告
捐赠给 MindatCorporate Sponsorship赞助板页已赞助的板页在 Mindat刊登 广告的广告商于 Mindat.org刊登广告
Learning CenterWhat is a mineral?The most common minerals on earthInformation for EducatorsMindat ArticlesThe Elements书籍及杂志
搜索矿物的性质搜索矿物的化学Advanced Locality Search随意显示任何一 种矿物Random Locality使用minID搜索邻近产地Search Articles搜索词汇表更多搜索选项
搜索:
矿物名称:
地区产地名称:
关键字:
 
Mindat手册添加新照片Rate Photos产区编辑报告Coordinate Completion Report添加词汇表项目
Mining Companies统计会员列表Mineral Museums矿物展及活动The Mindat目录表设备设置
照片搜索Photo Galleries今天最新的照片昨天最新的照片用户照片相集过去每日精选照片相集Mineral Photography
BETA TEST - Fossil data and pages are very much experimental and under development. Please report any problems

Brachiopoda

Description

Brachiopods, phylum Brachiopoda, are a group of lophotrochozoan animals that have hard "valves" (shells) on the upper and lower surfaces, unlike the left and right arrangement in bivalve molluscs. Brachiopod valves are hinged at the rear end, while the front can be opened for feeding or closed for protection. Two major groups are recognized, articulate and inarticulate. The word "articulate" is used to describe the tooth-and-groove features of the valve-hinge which is present in the articulate group, and absent from the inarticulate group. This is the leading diagnostic feature (fossilizable), by which the two main groups can be readily distinguished. Articulate brachiopods have toothed hinges and simple opening and closing muscles, while inarticulate brachiopods have untoothed hinges and a more complex system of muscles used to keep the two valves aligned. In a typical brachiopod a stalk-like pedicle projects from an opening in one of the valves near the hinges, known as the pedicle valve, keeping the animal anchored to the seabed but clear of silt that would obstruct the opening.


Source Data
SourceIDLink
Global Biodiversity Information Facility ID (GBIF)110https://www.gbif.org/species/110
PaleoBioDB ID (PBDB)26322https://paleobiodb.org/classic/checkTaxonInfo?taxon_no=26322
Rankphylum
Taxonomy (GBIF,PBDB)Life : Animalia : Brachiopoda
Taxonomic Status (GBIF)accepted
Scientific NameBrachiopoda
Status (PBDB)extant
Taxon Size (PBDB)18,904
Extant Size (PBDB)564 (3.0%)
First Recorded Appearance541 - 530 Ma
Cambrian
Motilitystationary, attached
Dietsuspension feeder
Ecospace CommentsECOSPACE CODE: 361. LIFE HISTORY: Epifaunal suspension feeder (Caron & Jackson, 2008).
Taphonomylow Mg calcite
Primary Reference (PBDB)J. J. Sepkoski, Jr. 2002. A compendium of fossil marine animal genera. Bulletins of American Paleontology 363:1-560
Common Name(s) Lamp Shell, Brachiopods, Lamp Shells, Lampshells, Bivalve Coelomates
Wikipediahttps://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Brachiopoda

External Images

Subtaxa

NameStatusCommon Name(s)Fossil OccurrencesOldestYoungest
Chileata
class
accepted173520 Ma
Cambrian
254 Ma
Permian
Craniata
class
accepted1,327516 Ma
Cambrian
0 Ma
Extant
Kutorginata
class
accepted128541 Ma
Cambrian
466 Ma
Middle Ordovician
Lingulata
class
accepted6,945541 Ma
Cambrian
0 Ma
Extant
Obolellata
class
accepted90541 Ma
Cambrian
427 Ma
Silurian
Rhynchonellata
class
accepted108,662530 Ma
Cambrian
0 Ma
Extant
Strophomenata
class
accepted56,120516 Ma
Cambrian
0 Ma
Extant
Tommotiida
class
accepted246541 Ma
Cambrian
501 Ma
Cambrian
Inarticulata
order
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Alphaneospiriferidae
family
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Cryptotretidae
family
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Mickwitziidae
family
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Paterinidae
family
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Anatrypa
genus
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Anomites
genus
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Branxtonia
genus
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Crania
genus
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Harttina
genus
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Iphidella
genus
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Lathamella
genus
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Leptolepyron
genus
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Longtancunella
genus
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Ocruranus
genus
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Orbicula
genus
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Oymurania
genus
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Palaeocarrickella
genus
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Pereudesia
genus
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Pseudoleptostrophia
genus
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Tegulella
genus
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Terebratulites
genus
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Thecidium
genus
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Xianshanella
genus
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Zalvera
genus
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Actrotreta highgatensis
species
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Bicostata bicostata
species
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Boreadortis crassa
species
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Boreadortis recula
species
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Carniferella alleni
species
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Carniferella costellata
species
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Clotinda rotunda
species
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Delororthis vescus
species
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Echinoroelia pretiosa
species
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Inocaulus minganensis
species
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Komia eganensis
species
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Liorhynchus carboniferum
species
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Liorhynchus haguei
species
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Mocphorhynchus newmexicoense
species
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Muscrospirifer parvus
species
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Neopatystrophia saxbyensis
species
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Pagetides clydensis
species
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Pagetides cooperi
species
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Pagetides gracilis
species
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Pagetides pusilla
species
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Parafusus aurecollis
species
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Parafusus catinulus
species
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Parafusus duodenaria
species
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Parafusus eurekensis
species
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Parafusus manardensis
species
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Platyostoma perplexa
species
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Podogonium allegania
species
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Podogonium nevadensis
species
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Priscochiton alia
species
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Proanoplia pygmaea
species
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Pseudoxybelocer americana
species
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Rapidiorhynchus newmexicoense
species
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Rhabdostrophia striatisculpta
species
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Spenorhynchia angulata
species
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Stophomena kiaeri
species
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Tecnocrytina fissiplicata
species
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Yangtzella reticulatus
species
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB

Unlinked PBDB sub-entries

NameStatusFossil OccurrencesExtantOldestYoungest
Eccentrotheca
genus
Not linked to GBIF52extinct541 Ma
Cambrian
513 Ma
Cambrian
Ernogia
genus
Not linked to GBIF4extinct541 Ma
Cambrian
520 Ma
Cambrian
Lathamella
genus
Not linked to GBIF9extinct541 Ma
Cambrian
516 Ma
Cambrian
Surindia
genus
Not linked to GBIF0extinct
Tegulella
genus
Not linked to GBIF10extinct468 Ma
Middle Ordovician
450 Ma
Late Ordovician
Agastapleura
genus
Not linked to GBIF0extinct
Biarea
genus
Not linked to GBIF0extinct
Cornwallia
genus
Not linked to GBIF0extinct
Dirinus
genus
Not linked to GBIF0extinct
Jilinia
genus
Not linked to GBIF0extinct
Larium
genus
Not linked to GBIF0extinct
Manosia
genus
Not linked to GBIF1extinct456 Ma
Late Ordovician
444 Ma
Silurian
Nekvasilovella
genus
Not linked to GBIF0extinct
Neogypidula
genus
Not linked to GBIF0extinct
Pomatospirella
genus
Not linked to GBIF3extinct242 Ma
Middle Triassic
232 Ma
Late Triassic
Reflexia
genus
Not linked to GBIF0extinct
Rhynchoferella
genus
Not linked to GBIF0extinct
Rictia
genus
Not linked to GBIF0extinct
Socraticum
genus
Not linked to GBIF0extinct
Spondylobolus
genus
Not linked to GBIF0extinct
Venezuelia
genus
Not linked to GBIF0extinct
Virbium
genus
Not linked to GBIF0extinct
Yeosinella
genus
Not linked to GBIF0extinct
Yongjia
genus
Not linked to GBIF0extinct
Linguliformea
subphylum
Not linked to GBIF7,320extant541 Ma
Cambrian
0.01 Ma
Pleistocene
Disciniformea
subphylum
Not linked to GBIF0
Craniiformea
subphylum
Not linked to GBIF1,327extant516 Ma
Cambrian
Rhynchonelliformea
subphylum
Not linked to GBIF165,208extant541 Ma
Cambrian
Punctospiracea
superfamily
Not linked to GBIF0extinct
Acanthotretella
genus
Not linked to GBIF6extinct513 Ma
Cambrian
501 Ma
Cambrian
Clitambonoidea
suborder
Not linked to GBIF2extinct472 Ma
Early Ordovician
464 Ma
Middle Ordovician
Thecidium
genus
Not linked to GBIF3extant235 Ma
Late Triassic
133 Ma
Early Cretaceous
Iphidella
genus
Not linked to GBIF13extinct516 Ma
Cambrian
478 Ma
Early Ordovician
Pholidops
genus
Not linked to GBIF67extinct461 Ma
Middle Ordovician
383 Ma
Late Devonian
Dallinacea
superfamily
Not linked to GBIF0extinct
Pygocaulia
subclass
Not linked to GBIF0
Oymurania
genus
Not linked to GBIF12extinct520 Ma
Cambrian
513 Ma
Cambrian
Plectorhynchonella
genus
Not linked to GBIF1extinct372 Ma
Late Devonian
359 Ma
Late Devonian
Mickwitziidae
family
Not linked to GBIF29extinct530 Ma
Cambrian
513 Ma
Cambrian

References

Sepkoski, Jr. J. J. (2002) A compendium of fossil marine animal genera, Bulletins of American Paleontology 363, 1-560
Gärdenfors, Ulf, Hall, Ragnar, Hallingbäck, Tomas, Hansson, Hans G. & Hedström, Lars (2003) Djur, svampar och växter i Sverige 2003. Förteckning över antal arter per familj. ArtDatabanken Rapporterar 5, ArtDatabanken, Uppsala. (reviderad excelfil med svenska djurfamiljer). - via Dyntaxa. Svensk taxonomisk databas
Alroy, J. (2015) Fossilworks. Gateway to the Paleobiology Database. Online: http://fossilworks.org - via Dyntaxa. Svensk taxonomisk databas
Brands, S.J. (comp.) (2014) The Taxonomicon. Universal Taxonomic Services, Zwaag, The Netherlands. [http://taxonomicon.taxonomy.nl/]. 1989-present. - via Dyntaxa. Svensk taxonomisk databas
WoRMS (2016) Accessed through World Register of Marine Species at http://www.marinespecies.org/ - via Dyntaxa. Svensk taxonomisk databas
Kaesler, R.L. (Ed.). (1997-2008). Brachiopoda. Treatise on Invertebrate Paleontology, Part H: Brachiopoda Revised. Geological Society of America, Boulder. University of Kansas Press, Lawrence, vol. 1-6. - via World Register of Marine Species
web search (AJR) - via The Interim Register of Marine and Nonmarine Genera
web search (AJR) - via The Interim Register of Marine and Nonmarine Genera
Kaesler, R.L. (Ed.). (1997-2008). Brachiopoda. Treatise on Invertebrate Paleontology, Part H: Brachiopoda Revised. Geological Society of America, Boulder. University of Kansas Press, Lawrence, vol. 1-6. - via World Register of Introduced Marine Species (WRiMS)
Emig, C. C.; Bitner, M. A.; Álvarez, F. (2013). Phylum Brachiopoda. In: Zhang, Z.-Q. (Ed.) Animal Biodiversity: An Outline of Higher-level Classification and Survey of Taxonomic Richness (Addenda 2013). Zootaxa. 3703(1): 75-78. - via The Interim Register of Marine and Nonmarine Genera
Brusca, Richard C., and Gary J. Brusca, 1990: null. Invertebrates. xiii + 992. - via Integrated Taxonomic Information System (ITIS)
Ruggiero, M. A.; Gordon, D. P.; Orrell, T. M.; Bailly, N.; Bourgoin, T.; Brusca, R. C.; Cavalier-Smith, T.; Guiry, M. D.; Kirk, P. M. (2015). A higher level classification of all living organisms. PLOS ONE. 10(4): e0119248. - via The Interim Register of Marine and Nonmarine Genera
Data courtesy of: PBDB: The Paleobiology Database, Creative Commons CC-BY licenced. , GBIF: the Global Biodiversity Information Facility, various licences, iDigBio, various licences, and EOL: The Encyclopedia of Life (Open Data Public Domain). Because fossils are made of minerals too!
 
矿物 and/or 产地  
版权所有© mindat.org1993年至2020年,除了规定的地方。 Mindat.org全赖于全球数千个以上成员和支持者们的参与。
隐私政策 - 条款和条款细则 - 联络我们 Current server date and time: 2020.2.24 13:49:17
Go to top of page