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Porifera

Description

Sponges, the members of the phylum Porifera (meaning "pore bearer"), are a basal Metazoa (animal) clade as a sister of the Diploblasts. They are multicellular organisms that have bodies full of pores and channels allowing water to circulate through them, consisting of jelly-like mesohyl sandwiched between two thin layers of cells. The branch of zoology that studies sponges is known as spongiology.


Source Data
SourceIDLink
Global Biodiversity Information Facility ID (GBIF)105https://www.gbif.org/species/105
PaleoBioDB ID (PBDB)2894https://paleobiodb.org/classic/checkTaxonInfo?taxon_no=2894
Rankphylum
Taxonomy (GBIF,PBDB)Life : Animalia : Porifera
Taxonomic Status (GBIF)accepted
Scientific NamePorifera
Status (PBDB)extant
Taxon Size (PBDB)5,044
Extant Size (PBDB)254 (5.0%)
First Recorded Appearance635 - 541 Ma
Neoproterozoic
Motilitystationary, attached
Dietsuspension feeder
Primary Reference (PBDB)J. J. Sepkoski, Jr. 2002. A compendium of fossil marine animal genera. Bulletins of American Paleontology 363:1-560
Common Name(s) Sponge, Sponges
Wikipediahttps://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Porifera

External Images

Fossil Distribution

Subtaxa

NameStatusCommon Name(s)Fossil OccurrencesOldestYoungest
Calcarea
class
acceptedCalcareous Sponge673520 Ma
Cambrian
0 Ma
Extant
Demospongiae
class
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Hexactinellida
class
acceptedGlass Sponge2,648635 Ma
Neoproterozoic
0 Ma
Extant
Homoscleromorpha
class
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Acanthastrellidae
family
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Acanthinocyathidae
family
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Acrochordoniidae
family
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Actinodictyidae
family
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Actinostromatidae
family
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Actinostromellidae
family
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Alpinothalamiidae
family
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Anthaspidellidae
family
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Anthracosyconidae
family
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Aplysellidae
family
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Archaeodorydermatidae
family
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Astroboliidae
family
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Astrocladiidae
family
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Astylospongiidae
family
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Atelodictyidae
family
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Aulaceratidae
family
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Aulaceridae
family
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Aulaxiniidae
family
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Aulocopiidae
family
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Burgundidae
family
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Burgundiidae
family
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Carterellidae
family
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Cassianothalamiidae
family
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Ceotinellidae
family
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Cephaloraphiditidae
family
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Chaetetidae
family
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Cheilosporitiidae
family
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Chenendoporidae
family
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Chiastoclonellidae
family
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Choiidae
family
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Chonellidae
family
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Clathrodictyidae
family
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Cnemidiastridae
family
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Coenostromatidae
family
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Costamorphiidae
family
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Cribrothalamiidae
family
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Criccospongiidae
family
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Cryptoporocyathidae
family
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Cylindrophymatidae
family
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Cytoraceidae
family
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Deningeriidae
family
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Densastromatidae
family
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Desmidoporidae
family
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Diplostromatidae
family
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Discocoeliidae
family
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Discostromatidae
family
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Disjectoporidae
family
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Dorydermatidae
family
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Druinellidae
family
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Dystactospongiidae
family
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Ecclimadictyidae
family
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Elasmocoeliidae
family
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Elasmostomatidae
family
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Ellipsactinidae
family
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Eospongiidae
family
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Erbocyathidae
family
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Favosichaetetidae
family
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Ferestromatoporidae
family
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Gerronostromatidae
family
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Gigantothalamiidae
family
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Halichondritidae
family
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Hallirhoidae
family
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Hamptoniidae
family
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Haplistiidae
family
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Hazeliidae
family
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Heliospongiidae
family
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Helminthophyllidae
family
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Helobrachiidae
family
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Hermatostromatidae
family
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Hetairacyathidae
family
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Hindiidae
family
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Idiostromatidae
family
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Ivantsoviidae
family
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Jereicidae
family
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Jereidae
family
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Kaliapsidae
family
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Khmeriidae
family
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Labechiidae
family
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Lecanellidae
family
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Leptomitidae
family
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Lophiostromatidae
family
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Mastosiidae
family
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Megarhizidae
family
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Milliporellidae
family
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Milliporidiidae
family
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Musaspongiidae
family
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Nexospongiidae
family
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Nuchidae
family
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Pachinionidae
family
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Pachynionidae
family
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Paelospongiidae
family
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Parastromatoporidae
family
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Parastromatoporoidae
family
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Phrissospongiidae
family
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Piraniidae
family
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Platychoniidae
family
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Pleromatidae
family
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Plinthodermatiidae
family
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Plinthosellidae
family
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Polymastidae
family
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Polysiphonidae
family
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Polytubithalamiidae
family
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Porosphaeridae
family
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Protetraclisidae
family
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Protetraclistidae
family
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Pseudolabechiidae
family
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Pseudoverruculinidae
family
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Pulchrilaminidae
family
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Pyraniidae
family
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Radiocelliidae
family
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Rosenellidae
family
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Saccospongiidae
family
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Scolioraphididae
family
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Scytaliidae
family
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Seliscothonidae
family
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Sestrostromellidae
family
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Siphoniidae
family
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Solenoporaceae
family
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Sphaeractinidae
family
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Sphaeractiniidae
family
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Spinocladiidae
family
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Spongiomorphidae
family
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Stachyoditidae
family
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Stelletidae
family
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Stictostromatidae
family
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Streptosolenidae
family
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Stromatoceriidae
family
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Stromatoporellidae
family
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Stromatoporidae
family
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Stylostromatidae
family
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Syringostromatidae
family
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Syringostromellidae
family
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Takakkawiidae
family
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Tebagathalamiidae
family
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Tienodictyidae
family
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Tiverinidae
family
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Trupetostromatidae
family
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Ulospongiellidae
family
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Vauxiidae
family
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Virgulidae
family
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Wapkiidae
family
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Achrochordiella
genus
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Adaecyathus
genus
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Afiacyathus
genus
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Agastrocyathus
genus
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Agyrekocyathus
genus
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Alconeracyathus
genus
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Alexandricyathus
genus
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Allosaccus
genus
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Amorphofungia
genus
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Amorphospongia
genus
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Antarcticocyathus
genus
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Antoniocoscinus
genus
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Archaeolynthus
genus
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Archaeopharetra
genus
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Ardrossacyathus
genus
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Arisacyathus
genus
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Aroonacyathus
genus
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Arrythmocricus
genus
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Aulacospongia
genus
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Auliscocyathus
genus
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Baikalocyathus
genus
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Baikalopectinus
genus
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Batenevia
genus
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Bayleicyathus
genus
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Belemnospongia
genus
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Beltanacyathus
genus
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Benacia
genus
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Bicoscinus
genus
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Bottonaecyathus
genus
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Bulbospongia
genus
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Cadniacyathus
genus
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Calceolispongia
genus
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Caliculospongia
genus
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Calyptocoscinus
genus
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Camarocladia
genus
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Carpicyathus
genus
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Cassianochaetetes
genus
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Ceriospongia
genus
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Chaetetopsis
genus
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Chouberticyathus
genus
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Cladodermia
genus
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Claruscoscinus
genus
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Clathricoscinus
genus
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Clavidictyon
genus
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Clionoides
genus
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Cnemidium
genus
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Coniculospongia
genus
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Conochaetetes
genus
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Conosclera
genus
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Copleicyathus
genus
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Cordilleracyathus
genus
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Coronacollina
genus
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Cotyliscus
genus
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Cribroscyphia
genus
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Crucicyathus
genus
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Cupulospongia
genus
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Cyclocyathella
genus
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Cylindrocoelia
genus
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Deceptioncyathus
genus
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Dendrocoelia
genus
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Devonospongia
genus
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Dictyofavus
genus
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Dictyophytra
genus
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Didesmospongia
genus
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Diotricheum
genus
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Eocyathispongia
genus
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Eremitacyathus
genus
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Erismacoscinus
genus
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Erugatocyathus
genus
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Exocyathus
genus
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Fallocyathus
genus
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Fenestrocyathus
genus
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Flexiostroma
genus
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Forospongia
genus
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Fridaycyathus
genus
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Geniculicyathus
genus
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Ginkgospongia
genus
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Globosocyathus
genus
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Gordonicyathus
genus
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Gordonifungia
genus
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Graphoscyphia
genus
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Halysicyathus
genus
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Hawkercyathus
genus
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Hemispongia
genus
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Hippalimus
genus
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Hupecyathus
genus
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Ichnospongia
genus
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Ichnusocyathus
genus
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Inacyathella
genus
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Incrustospongia
genus
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Inessocyathus
genus
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Ischnspongia
genus
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Janussenia
genus
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Jebileticoscinus
genus
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Joanaecyathus
genus
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Jugalicyathus
genus
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Jumarella
genus
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Kaltatocyathus
genus
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Kandatocyathus
genus
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Karatubulus
genus
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Keriocoelia
genus
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Kotuyicyathellus
genus
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Kozlowskispongia
genus
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Ladaecyathus
genus
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Larecyathus
genus
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Lasiocladia
genus
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Laubenfelsia
genus
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Leiofungia
genus
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Leptosocyathellus
genus
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Limnoretheles
genus
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Lobatospongia
genus
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Loculicyathus
genus
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Loiscupula
genus
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Lophoptychium
genus
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Lovcenipora
genus
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Magenia
genus
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Magnicanalifera
genus
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Maldeotaina
genus
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Markocyathus
genus
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Mastostroma
genus
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Mennericyathus
genus
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Metaldetimorpha
genus
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Mikhnocyathus
genus
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Mussooriella
genus
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Nabaviella
genus
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Nalivkinicyathus
genus
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Nochoroicyathellus
genus
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Nochoroicyathus
genus
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Ocellaria
genus
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Orbicoscinus
genus
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Ortmannia
genus
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Ozarkocoelia
genus
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Pachycalymma
genus
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Pachycoscinus
genus
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Palaeoderma
genus
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Palaeoierea
genus
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Palmericyathellus
genus
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Palmericyathus
genus
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Paraaplysinofibria
genus
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Paramelonella
genus
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Paranacyathus
genus
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Paronadella
genus
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Paronaespongia
genus
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Perispongia
genus
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Perturbatacrusta
genus
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Pilodicoscinus
genus
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Placodictyum
genus
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Platysphaerocoelia
genus
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Polycoscinus
genus
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Porocoscinus
genus
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Porocyathus
genus
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Portusgratiaespongia
genus
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Prethmophyllum
genus
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Pretiosocyathellus
genus
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Propleroma
genus
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Propriolynthus
genus
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Pseudotennericyathellus
genus
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Ptilispongia
genus
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Pulsatospongia
genus
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Putapacyathus
genus
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Radiofibrosclera
genus
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Rasetticyathus
genus
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Rauffella
genus
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Rectannulus
genus
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Reiswigia
genus
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Retecoscinus
genus
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Retetumulus
genus
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Retilamina
genus
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Rhizacyathus
genus
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Riasanospongia
genus
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Robertocyathus
genus
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Robustocyathus
genus
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Roepella
genus
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Rotundocyathus
genus
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Rowanpectinus
genus
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Rozanovicoscinus
genus
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Rudanulus
genus
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Sakhacyathus
genus
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Salairocyathus
genus
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Sanxiacyathus
genus
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Sekwicyathus
genus
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Shitangspongia
genus
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Sichotecyathus
genus
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Sigmocoscinus
genus
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Sigmofungia
genus
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Sinospongia
genus
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Siphonocoelia
genus
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Solactiniella
genus
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Sparsispongia
genus
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Spirillicyathus
genus
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Stevocyathus
genus
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Streptospongia
genus
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Stromatofungia
genus
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Subtumulocyathellus
genus
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Taleolaspongia
genus
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Taylorcyathus
genus
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Tegerocyathella
genus
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Tegerocyathus
genus
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Tennericyathus
genus
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Tetraspongia
genus
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Thalamocyathellus
genus
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Torosocyathellus
genus
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Tragos
genus
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Trammeria
genus
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Tumulifungia
genus
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Tumuliolynthus
genus
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Tumulocyathellus
genus
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Tumulocyathus
genus
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Tumuloglobosus
genus
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Tunkia
genus
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Tylodictya
genus
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Ungula
genus
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Ussuricyathus
genus
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Vacuocyathus
genus
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Vadimocyathus
genus
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Veronicacyathus
genus
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Verrucospongia
genus
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Vologdinocyathus
genus
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Warriootacyathus
genus
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Yukonocyathus
genus
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Zonacyathus
genus
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Acanthellia tenuispiculata
species
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Ceratopsionilla pyriformis
species
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Cerelasma gyrosphaera
species
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Cerelpemma radiolarium
species
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Chalazodes granulatum
species
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Chalazodes romingeri
species
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Cladorhizina arctica
species
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Coniella levantinae
species
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Cydonium mulleri
species
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Dictocylindrus fascicularis
species
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Gabella intermedia
species
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Graptospongia silurica
species
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Haliclopetrosia flabelliformis
species
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Hemidragmaxia erecta
species
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Hemihalichondria nigra
species
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Heterostylissa purpurea
species
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Hispidium shikmona
species
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Hylotellopsis amabilis
species
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Lepidolites dickhauti
species
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Lithistid wiedeyi
species
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Monanthella strongylata
species
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Palmispongia radiata
species
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Paracytheridea floweri
species
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Prodactylioceras hadra
species
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Pseudoinquisitor ichnata
species
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Raufella filosa
species
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Rufuspongia triporata
species
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Sagenella ambigua
species
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Sanidastrodesma lithistioides
species
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Specus fimbriatus
species
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Spirasterella calciculata
species
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Stannophyllum radiolarium
species
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Synops macandrewi
species
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Synops media
species
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Trachyaerma speciosa
species
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB
Verticellites budaensia
species
acceptedNo associated record in PBDB

Unlinked PBDB sub-entries

NameStatusFossil OccurrencesExtantOldestYoungest
Demospongea
class
Not linked to GBIF8,975extant541 Ma
Cambrian
Stromatoporoidea
class
Not linked to GBIF4,938extinct541 Ma
Cambrian
66.0 Ma
Late Cretaceous
Homoscleromorpha
order
Not linked to GBIF2extant161 Ma
Jurassic
151 Ma
Late Jurassic
Heteractinida
class
Not linked to GBIF282extant530 Ma
Cambrian
201 Ma
Early Jurassic
Holocoelia
genus
Not linked to GBIF4extinct242 Ma
Middle Triassic
133 Ma
Early Cretaceous
Trammeria
genus
Not linked to GBIF4extinct228 Ma
Late Triassic
209 Ma
Late Triassic
Oligoplagia
genus
Not linked to GBIF2extinct209 Ma
Late Triassic
201 Ma
Early Jurassic
Caliculospongia
genus
Not linked to GBIF0extinct
Clathrispongia
genus
Not linked to GBIF0extinct
Cotyliscus
genus
Not linked to GBIF0extinct
Cyathophyscus
genus
Not linked to GBIF0extinct
Drosdovia
genus
Not linked to GBIF0extinct
Eocoryne
genus
Not linked to GBIF0extinct
Glenodictyum
genus
Not linked to GBIF0extinct
Megalelasma
genus
Not linked to GBIF0extinct
Microcoryne
genus
Not linked to GBIF7extinct520 Ma
Cambrian
505 Ma
Cambrian
Nabaviella
genus
Not linked to GBIF7extinct520 Ma
Cambrian
485 Ma
Cambrian
Matthewcyathus
genus
Not linked to GBIF0extinct
Nostrocyathus
genus
Not linked to GBIF0extinct
Polyactinellidae
family
Not linked to GBIF22extinct530 Ma
Cambrian
501 Ma
Cambrian
Disjectoporidae
family
Not linked to GBIF154extinct290 Ma
Permian
133 Ma
Early Cretaceous
Phymoraphinia
genus
Not linked to GBIF283.5 Ma
Late Cretaceous
70.6 Ma
Late Cretaceous
Mussooriella
genus
Not linked to GBIF1extinct541 Ma
Cambrian
530 Ma
Cambrian
Cuneiphycus
genus
Not linked to GBIF5extinct323 Ma
Carboniferous
299 Ma
Carboniferous
Sinoflabrum
genus
Not linked to GBIF0extinct
Archaeocyatha
class
Not linked to GBIF3,906extinct635 Ma
Neoproterozoic
444 Ma
Silurian
Thectardis
genus
Not linked to GBIF4extinct635 Ma
Neoproterozoic
541 Ma
Cambrian
Shitangspongia
genus
Not linked to GBIF1extinct516 Ma
Cambrian
513 Ma
Cambrian
Namapoikia
genus
Not linked to GBIF1extinct635 Ma
Neoproterozoic
541 Ma
Cambrian
Solactiniella
genus
Not linked to GBIF3extinct541 Ma
Cambrian
513 Ma
Cambrian
Scyphia
genus
Not linked to GBIF2extinct235 Ma
Late Triassic
61.6 Ma
Paleocene
Tragos
genus
Not linked to GBIF2extinct260 Ma
Permian
254 Ma
Permian
Cyclospongia
genus
Not linked to GBIF1extinct443 Ma
Silurian
423 Ma
Silurian
Coronacollina
genus
Not linked to GBIF5extinct635 Ma
Neoproterozoic
541 Ma
Cambrian
Dendrocoelia
genus
Not linked to GBIF0extinct
Palaeoierea
genus
Not linked to GBIF1extinct235 Ma
Late Triassic
232 Ma
Late Triassic
Limnoretheles
genus
Not linked to GBIF1extinct235 Ma
Late Triassic
232 Ma
Late Triassic
Sparsispongia
genus
Not linked to GBIF7extinct140 Ma
Early Cretaceous
129 Ma
Early Cretaceous
Cribroscyphia
genus
Not linked to GBIF1extinct133 Ma
Early Cretaceous
129 Ma
Early Cretaceous
Cupulochonia
genus
Not linked to GBIF14extinct235 Ma
Late Triassic
129 Ma
Early Cretaceous
Leiofungia
genus
Not linked to GBIF7extinct247 Ma
Early Triassic
228 Ma
Late Triassic
Stromatofungia
genus
Not linked to GBIF2extinct419 Ma
Early Devonian
383 Ma
Late Devonian
Amorphofungia
genus
Not linked to GBIF8extinct235 Ma
Late Triassic
129 Ma
Early Cretaceous
Codites
genus
Not linked to GBIF4extinct156 Ma
Jurassic
151 Ma
Late Jurassic
Psephidia
genus
Not linked to GBIF0extinct
Eocyathispongia
genus
Not linked to GBIF1extinct635 Ma
Neoproterozoic
541 Ma
Cambrian
Limnorea
genus
Not linked to GBIF1extinct168 Ma
Middle Jurassic
165 Ma
Middle Jurassic
Sclerospongiae
class
Not linked to GBIF1extinct254 Ma
Permian
252 Ma
Permian
Archaeocyathidae
family
Not linked to GBIF313extinct530 Ma
Cambrian
505 Ma
Cambrian
Spirocyathidae
family
Not linked to GBIF0extinct

Synonymy List

YearName and Author
1836Porifera Grant
2002Porifera Sepkoski, Jr.
2003Porifera Kiessling
2005Porifera Adl et al. p. 401 figs. Table 1

References

Sepkoski, Jr. J. J. (2002) A compendium of fossil marine animal genera, Bulletins of American Paleontology 363, 1-560
Kiessling W. (2003) Personal data
Adl S. M., Simpson A. G. B., et al (2005) The new higher level classification of eukaryotes with emphasis on the taxonomy of protists, Journal of Eukaryotic Microbiology 52 5, 399-451
Hooper, J.N.A.; Van Soest, R.W.M.; Pisera, A. (2011). Phylum Porifera Grant, 1826. In: Zhang, Z.-Q. (Ed.) Animal biodiversity: An outline of higher-level classification and survey of taxonomic richness. Zootaxa. 3148: 13-18. - via The Interim Register of Marine and Nonmarine Genera
Hooper, John N. A., and Rob W. M. van Soest, eds., 2002: null. Systema Porifera: A Guide to the Classification of Sponges. xlviii + 1708. - via Integrated Taxonomic Information System (ITIS)
Hooper, John N. A., Rob W. M. van Soest, and Andrzej Pisera / Zhang, Z.-Q., ed., 2011: Phylum Porifera Grant, 1826. In: Animal biodiversity: An outline of higher-level classification and survey of taxonomic richness. Zootaxa, issue 3148. 13-18. - via Integrated Taxonomic Information System (ITIS)
Hooper, J.N.A.; Van Soest, R.W.M. (Eds.). (2002). Systema Porifera: a guide to the classification of Sponges. Kluwer Academic/ Plenum Publishers: New York, Boston, Dordrecht, London, Moscow. 2 Volumes. 1706 pp. ISBN 0-306-47260-0. - via World Register of Marine Species
Ruggiero, M. A.; Gordon, D. P.; Orrell, T. M.; Bailly, N.; Bourgoin, T.; Brusca, R. C.; Cavalier-Smith, T.; Guiry, M. D.; Kirk, P. M. (2015). A higher level classification of all living organisms. PLOS ONE. 10(4): e0119248. - via The Interim Register of Marine and Nonmarine Genera
Brusca, Richard C., and Gary J. Brusca, 1990: null. Invertebrates. xiii + 992. - via Integrated Taxonomic Information System (ITIS)
Hooper, J.N.A.; Van Soest, R.W.M.; Debrenne, F. (2002). Phylum Porifera Grant, 1826. pp. 9-14 in: Hooper, J.N.A.; van Soest, R.W.M. (Eds.) Systema Porifera: a guide to the classification of sponges. Volume 1 (Kluwer Academic/ Plenum Publishers: New York, Boston, Dordrecht, London, Moscow). - via World Register of Marine Species
Grant, R.E. (1836). Animal Kingdom. Pp. 107-118. In: Todd, R.B. (Ed.),The Cyclopaedia of Anatomy and Physiology. Volume 1. (Sherwood,Gilbert, and Piper: London): 1-813. - via World Register of Marine Species
Gärdenfors, Ulf, Hall, Ragnar, Hallingbäck, Tomas, Hansson, Hans G. & Hedström, Lars (2003) Djur, svampar och växter i Sverige 2003. Förteckning över antal arter per familj. ArtDatabanken Rapporterar 5, ArtDatabanken, Uppsala. (reviderad excelfil med svenska djurfamiljer). - via Dyntaxa. Svensk taxonomisk databas
Hooper, J.N.A.; Van Soest, R.W.M. (Eds.). (2002). Systema Porifera: a guide to the classification of Sponges. Kluwer Academic/ Plenum Publishers: New York, Boston, Dordrecht, London, Moscow. 2 Volumes. 1706 pp. ISBN 0-306-47260-0. - via World Register of Introduced Marine Species (WRiMS)
Hooper, J.N.A.; Van Soest, R.W.M.; Debrenne, F. (2002). Phylum Porifera Grant, 1826. pp. 9-14 in: Hooper, J.N.A.; van Soest, R.W.M. (Eds.) Systema Porifera: a guide to the classification of sponges. Volume 1 (Kluwer Academic/ Plenum Publishers: New York, Boston, Dordrecht, London, Moscow). - via World Register of Introduced Marine Species (WRiMS)
Grant, R.E. (1836). Animal Kingdom. Pp. 107-118. In: Todd, R.B. (Ed.),The Cyclopaedia of Anatomy and Physiology. Volume 1. (Sherwood,Gilbert, and Piper: London): 1-813. - via World Register of Introduced Marine Species (WRiMS)
WoRMS (2018) Accessed through World Register of Marine Species at http://www.marinespecies.org/ - via Dyntaxa. Svensk taxonomisk databas
Ols Eggers et al. (2007) - via Taxa Watermanagement the Netherlands (TWN)
Hayward, P.J. & Ryland, J.S. (2002) - via Taxa Watermanagement the Netherlands (TWN)
Data courtesy of: PBDB: The Paleobiology Database, Creative Commons CC-BY licenced. , GBIF: the Global Biodiversity Information Facility, various licences, iDigBio, various licences, and EOL: The Encyclopedia of Life (Open Data Public Domain). Because fossils are made of minerals too!
 
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