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Porifera

Description

Sponges, the members of the phylum Porifera (meaning "pore bearer"), are a basal Metazoa (animal) clade as a sister of the Diploblasts. They are multicellular organisms that have bodies full of pores and channels allowing water to circulate through them, consisting of jelly-like mesohyl sandwiched between two thin layers of cells. The branch of zoology that studies sponges is known as spongiology.


Source Data
SourceIDLink
Global Biodiversity Information Facility ID (GBIF)105https://www.gbif.org/species/105
PaleoBioDB ID (PBDB)2894https://paleobiodb.org/classic/checkTaxonInfo?taxon_no=2894
Rankphylum
Taxonomy (GBIF,PBDB)Life : Animalia : Porifera
Taxonomic Status (GBIF)accepted
Classification
(PBDB,GBIF)
RankNameAuthor
-Eukaryota
-OpisthokontaCavalier-Smith 1987
kingdomAnimalia
phylumPoriferaGrant 1836
Common Namesponge
Scientific NamePorifera
Opinions (PBDB)
NameRankOpinionEvidenceAuthor
Poriferaphylumbelongs to Metazoasecond handSepkoski, 2002
Poriferaphylumbelongs to Parazoastated without evidenceKiessling, 2003
Poriferaphylumbelongs to Metazoastated without evidenceAdl et al., 2005
Status (PBDB)extant
Taxon Size (PBDB)5,044
Extant Size (PBDB)254 (5.0%)
First Recorded Appearance635 - 541 Ma
Neoproterozoic
Motilitystationary, attached
Dietsuspension feeder
Primary Reference (PBDB)J. J. Sepkoski, Jr. 2002. A compendium of fossil marine animal genera. Bulletins of American Paleontology 363:1-560
Common Name(s) Sponge, Schwämme, Esponjas, Sifongo, Sponges, Sponzen, Spugne, Svampdjur, éponges, 海綿動物, Esponja, Porifero
Wikipediahttps://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Porifera

External Images

Fossil Distribution

Subtaxa

NameStatusCommon Name(s)Fossil OccurrencesOldestYoungest
Archaeocyatha
class
listed (PBDB)3,906635 Ma
Neoproterozoic
450 Ma
Late Ordovician
Calcarea
class
accepted (GBIF)
listed (PBDB)
Calcareous Sponge673520 Ma
Cambrian
0 Ma
Extant
Demospongiae
class
accepted (GBIF)
listed (PBDB)
Demosponge8,975541 Ma
Cambrian
0 Ma
Extant
Heteractinida
class
listed (PBDB)282530 Ma
Cambrian
0 Ma
Extant
Hexactinellida
class
accepted (GBIF)
listed (PBDB)
Glass Sponge2,648635 Ma
Neoproterozoic
0 Ma
Extant
Homoscleromorpha
class
accepted (GBIF)
listed (PBDB)
2161 Ma
Jurassic
0 Ma
Extant
Sclerospongiae
class
listed (PBDB)1254 Ma
Permian
254 Ma
Permian
Stromatoporoidea
class
listed (PBDB)4,938541 Ma
Cambrian
72.1 Ma
Late Cretaceous
Acanthastrellidae
family
accepted (GBIF)No associated record in PBDB
Acanthinocyathidae
family
accepted (GBIF)No associated record in PBDB
Acrochordoniidae
family
accepted (GBIF)No associated record in PBDB
Actinodictyidae
family
accepted (GBIF)
listed (PBDB)
315461 Ma
Middle Ordovician
388 Ma
Middle Devonian
Actinostromatidae
family
accepted (GBIF)
listed (PBDB)
415458 Ma
Late Ordovician
166 Ma
Middle Jurassic
Actinostromellidae
family
accepted (GBIF)No associated record in PBDB
Alpinothalamiidae
family
accepted (GBIF)No associated record in PBDB
Anthaspidellidae
family
accepted (GBIF)
listed (PBDB)
427516 Ma
Cambrian
164 Ma
Middle Jurassic
Anthracosyconidae
family
accepted (GBIF)No associated record in PBDB
Aplysellidae
family
accepted (GBIF)No associated record in PBDB
Archaeocyathidae
family
accepted (GBIF)
listed (PBDB)
313530 Ma
Cambrian
513 Ma
Cambrian
Archaeodorydermatidae
family
accepted (GBIF)No associated record in PBDB
Astroboliidae
family
accepted (GBIF)No associated record in PBDB
Astrocladiidae
family
accepted (GBIF)No associated record in PBDB
Astylospongiidae
family
accepted (GBIF)No associated record in PBDB
Atelodictyidae
family
accepted (GBIF)No associated record in PBDB
Aulaceratidae
family
accepted (GBIF)No associated record in PBDB
Aulaceridae
family
accepted (GBIF)No associated record in PBDB
Aulaxiniidae
family
accepted (GBIF)No associated record in PBDB
Aulocopiidae
family
accepted (GBIF)No associated record in PBDB
Burgundidae
family
accepted (GBIF)No associated record in PBDB
Burgundiidae
family
accepted (GBIF)No associated record in PBDB
Carterellidae
family
accepted (GBIF)No associated record in PBDB
Cassianothalamiidae
family
accepted (GBIF)No associated record in PBDB
Ceotinellidae
family
accepted (GBIF)No associated record in PBDB
Cephaloraphiditidae
family
accepted (GBIF)No associated record in PBDB
Chaetetidae
family
accepted (GBIF)
listed (PBDB)
356461 Ma
Middle Ordovician
38.0 Ma
Eocene
Cheilosporitiidae
family
accepted (GBIF)No associated record in PBDB
Chenendoporidae
family
accepted (GBIF)No associated record in PBDB
Chiastoclonellidae
family
accepted (GBIF)No associated record in PBDB
Choiidae
family
accepted (GBIF)No associated record in PBDB
Chonellidae
family
accepted (GBIF)No associated record in PBDB
Clathrodictyidae
family
accepted (GBIF)
listed (PBDB)
446461 Ma
Middle Ordovician
331 Ma
Carboniferous
Cnemidiastridae
family
accepted (GBIF)No associated record in PBDB
Coenostromatidae
family
accepted (GBIF)No associated record in PBDB
Costamorphiidae
family
accepted (GBIF)No associated record in PBDB
Cribrothalamiidae
family
accepted (GBIF)No associated record in PBDB
Criccospongiidae
family
accepted (GBIF)No associated record in PBDB
Cryptoporocyathidae
family
accepted (GBIF)No associated record in PBDB
Cylindrophymatidae
family
accepted (GBIF)No associated record in PBDB
Cytoraceidae
family
accepted (GBIF)No associated record in PBDB
Deningeriidae
family
accepted (GBIF)No associated record in PBDB
Densastromatidae
family
accepted (GBIF)No associated record in PBDB
Desmidoporidae
family
accepted (GBIF)No associated record in PBDB
Diplostromatidae
family
accepted (GBIF)No associated record in PBDB
Discocoeliidae
family
accepted (GBIF)No associated record in PBDB
Discostromatidae
family
accepted (GBIF)No associated record in PBDB
Disjectoporidae
family
accepted (GBIF)
listed (PBDB)
154290 Ma
Permian
140 Ma
Early Cretaceous
Dorydermatidae
family
accepted (GBIF)No associated record in PBDB
Druinellidae
family
accepted (GBIF)No associated record in PBDB
Dystactospongiidae
family
accepted (GBIF)No associated record in PBDB
Ecclimadictyidae
family
accepted (GBIF)No associated record in PBDB
Elasmocoeliidae
family
accepted (GBIF)No associated record in PBDB
Elasmostomatidae
family
accepted (GBIF)No associated record in PBDB
Ellipsactinidae
family
accepted (GBIF)No associated record in PBDB
Eospongiidae
family
accepted (GBIF)No associated record in PBDB
Erbocyathidae
family
accepted (GBIF)No associated record in PBDB
Favosichaetetidae
family
accepted (GBIF)No associated record in PBDB
Ferestromatoporidae
family
accepted (GBIF)No associated record in PBDB
Gerronostromatidae
family
accepted (GBIF)No associated record in PBDB
Gigantothalamiidae
family
accepted (GBIF)No associated record in PBDB
Halichondritidae
family
accepted (GBIF)No associated record in PBDB
Hallirhoidae
family
accepted (GBIF)No associated record in PBDB
Hamptoniidae
family
accepted (GBIF)No associated record in PBDB
Haplistiidae
family
accepted (GBIF)No associated record in PBDB
Hazeliidae
family
accepted (GBIF)No associated record in PBDB
Heliospongiidae
family
accepted (GBIF)No associated record in PBDB
Helminthophyllidae
family
accepted (GBIF)No associated record in PBDB
Helobrachiidae
family
accepted (GBIF)No associated record in PBDB
Hermatostromatidae
family
accepted (GBIF)No associated record in PBDB
Hetairacyathidae
family
accepted (GBIF)No associated record in PBDB
Hindiidae
family
accepted (GBIF)No associated record in PBDB
Idiostromatidae
family
accepted (GBIF)No associated record in PBDB
Ivantsoviidae
family
accepted (GBIF)No associated record in PBDB
Jereicidae
family
accepted (GBIF)No associated record in PBDB
Jereidae
family
accepted (GBIF)No associated record in PBDB
Kaliapsidae
family
accepted (GBIF)No associated record in PBDB
Khmeriidae
family
accepted (GBIF)No associated record in PBDB
Labechiidae
family
accepted (GBIF)No associated record in PBDB
Lecanellidae
family
accepted (GBIF)No associated record in PBDB
Leptomitidae
family
accepted (GBIF)No associated record in PBDB
Lophiostromatidae
family
accepted (GBIF)No associated record in PBDB
Mastosiidae
family
accepted (GBIF)No associated record in PBDB
Megarhizidae
family
accepted (GBIF)No associated record in PBDB
Milliporellidae
family
accepted (GBIF)No associated record in PBDB
Milliporidiidae
family
accepted (GBIF)No associated record in PBDB
Musaspongiidae
family
accepted (GBIF)No associated record in PBDB
Nexospongiidae
family
accepted (GBIF)No associated record in PBDB
Nuchidae
family
accepted (GBIF)No associated record in PBDB
Pachinionidae
family
accepted (GBIF)No associated record in PBDB
Pachynionidae
family
accepted (GBIF)No associated record in PBDB
Paelospongiidae
family
accepted (GBIF)No associated record in PBDB
Parastromatoporidae
family
accepted (GBIF)No associated record in PBDB
Parastromatoporoidae
family
accepted (GBIF)No associated record in PBDB
Phrissospongiidae
family
accepted (GBIF)No associated record in PBDB
Piraniidae
family
accepted (GBIF)No associated record in PBDB
Platychoniidae
family
accepted (GBIF)No associated record in PBDB
Pleromatidae
family
accepted (GBIF)No associated record in PBDB
Plinthodermatiidae
family
accepted (GBIF)No associated record in PBDB
Plinthosellidae
family
accepted (GBIF)No associated record in PBDB
Polyactinellidae
family
listed (PBDB)22530 Ma
Cambrian
513 Ma
Cambrian
Polymastidae
family
accepted (GBIF)No associated record in PBDB
Polysiphonidae
family
accepted (GBIF)No associated record in PBDB
Polytubithalamiidae
family
accepted (GBIF)No associated record in PBDB
Porosphaeridae
family
accepted (GBIF)No associated record in PBDB
Protetraclisidae
family
accepted (GBIF)No associated record in PBDB
Protetraclistidae
family
accepted (GBIF)No associated record in PBDB
Pseudolabechiidae
family
accepted (GBIF)No associated record in PBDB
Pseudoverruculinidae
family
accepted (GBIF)No associated record in PBDB
Pulchrilaminidae
family
accepted (GBIF)No associated record in PBDB
Pyraniidae
family
accepted (GBIF)No associated record in PBDB
Radiocelliidae
family
accepted (GBIF)No associated record in PBDB
Rosenellidae
family
accepted (GBIF)No associated record in PBDB
Saccospongiidae
family
accepted (GBIF)No associated record in PBDB
Scolioraphididae
family
accepted (GBIF)No associated record in PBDB
Scytaliidae
family
accepted (GBIF)No associated record in PBDB
Seliscothonidae
family
accepted (GBIF)No associated record in PBDB
Sestrostromellidae
family
accepted (GBIF)No associated record in PBDB
Siphoniidae
family
accepted (GBIF)No associated record in PBDB
Solenoporaceae
family
accepted (GBIF)No associated record in PBDB
Sphaeractinidae
family
accepted (GBIF)No associated record in PBDB
Sphaeractiniidae
family
accepted (GBIF)No associated record in PBDB
Spinocladiidae
family
accepted (GBIF)No associated record in PBDB
Spirocyathidae
family
listed (PBDB)
Spongiomorphidae
family
accepted (GBIF)No associated record in PBDB
Stachyoditidae
family
accepted (GBIF)
listed (PBDB)
267423 Ma
Silurian
376 Ma
Late Devonian
Stelletidae
family
accepted (GBIF)No associated record in PBDB
Stictostromatidae
family
accepted (GBIF)No associated record in PBDB
Streptosolenidae
family
accepted (GBIF)No associated record in PBDB
Stromatoceriidae
family
accepted (GBIF)No associated record in PBDB
Stromatoporellidae
family
accepted (GBIF)
listed (PBDB)
388450 Ma
Late Ordovician
365 Ma
Late Devonian
Stromatoporidae
family
accepted (GBIF)
listed (PBDB)
407458 Ma
Late Ordovician
156 Ma
Jurassic
Stylostromatidae
family
accepted (GBIF)No associated record in PBDB
Syringostromatidae
family
accepted (GBIF)No associated record in PBDB
Syringostromellidae
family
accepted (GBIF)No associated record in PBDB
Takakkawiidae
family
accepted (GBIF)No associated record in PBDB
Tebagathalamiidae
family
accepted (GBIF)No associated record in PBDB
Tienodictyidae
family
accepted (GBIF)No associated record in PBDB
Tiverinidae
family
accepted (GBIF)No associated record in PBDB
Trupetostromatidae
family
accepted (GBIF)
listed (PBDB)
251426 Ma
Silurian
380 Ma
Late Devonian
Ulospongiellidae
family
accepted (GBIF)No associated record in PBDB
Vauxiidae
family
accepted (GBIF)No associated record in PBDB
Virgulidae
family
accepted (GBIF)No associated record in PBDB
Wapkiidae
family
accepted (GBIF)No associated record in PBDB
Achrochordiella
genus
accepted (GBIF)No associated record in PBDB
Adaecyathus
genus
accepted (GBIF)No associated record in PBDB
Afiacyathus
genus
accepted (GBIF)No associated record in PBDB
Agastrocyathus
genus
accepted (GBIF)No associated record in PBDB
Agyrekocyathus
genus
accepted (GBIF)No associated record in PBDB
Alconeracyathus
genus
accepted (GBIF)No associated record in PBDB
Alexandricyathus
genus
accepted (GBIF)No associated record in PBDB
Allosaccus
genus
accepted (GBIF)No associated record in PBDB
Amorphofungia
genus
accepted (GBIF)
listed (PBDB)
8235 Ma
Late Triassic
133 Ma
Early Cretaceous
Amorphospongia
genus
accepted (GBIF)No associated record in PBDB
Antarcticocyathus
genus
accepted (GBIF)No associated record in PBDB
Antoniocoscinus
genus
accepted (GBIF)No associated record in PBDB
Archaeolynthus
genus
accepted (GBIF)
listed (PBDB)
207530 Ma
Cambrian
516 Ma
Cambrian
Archaeopharetra
genus
accepted (GBIF)No associated record in PBDB
Ardrossacyathus
genus
accepted (GBIF)No associated record in PBDB
Arisacyathus
genus
accepted (GBIF)No associated record in PBDB
Aroonacyathus
genus
accepted (GBIF)No associated record in PBDB
Arrythmocricus
genus
accepted (GBIF)No associated record in PBDB
Aulacospongia
genus
accepted (GBIF)No associated record in PBDB
Auliscocyathus
genus
accepted (GBIF)No associated record in PBDB
Baikalocyathus
genus
accepted (GBIF)No associated record in PBDB
Baikalopectinus
genus
accepted (GBIF)No associated record in PBDB
Batenevia
genus
accepted (GBIF)No associated record in PBDB
Bayleicyathus
genus
accepted (GBIF)No associated record in PBDB
Belemnospongia
genus
accepted (GBIF)No associated record in PBDB
Beltanacyathus
genus
accepted (GBIF)No associated record in PBDB
Benacia
genus
accepted (GBIF)No associated record in PBDB
Bicoscinus
genus
accepted (GBIF)No associated record in PBDB
Bottonaecyathus
genus
accepted (GBIF)No associated record in PBDB
Bulbospongia
genus
accepted (GBIF)No associated record in PBDB
Cadniacyathus
genus
accepted (GBIF)No associated record in PBDB
Calceolispongia
genus
accepted (GBIF)No associated record in PBDB
Caliculospongia
genus
accepted (GBIF)
listed (PBDB)
Calyptocoscinus
genus
accepted (GBIF)No associated record in PBDB
Camarocladia
genus
accepted (GBIF)No associated record in PBDB
Carpicyathus
genus
accepted (GBIF)No associated record in PBDB
Cassianochaetetes
genus
accepted (GBIF)No associated record in PBDB
Ceriospongia
genus
accepted (GBIF)No associated record in PBDB
Chaetetopsis
genus
accepted (GBIF)No associated record in PBDB
Chouberticyathus
genus
accepted (GBIF)No associated record in PBDB
Cladodermia
genus
accepted (GBIF)No associated record in PBDB
Claruscoscinus
genus
accepted (GBIF)No associated record in PBDB
Clathricoscinus
genus
accepted (GBIF)No associated record in PBDB
Clathrispongia
genus
listed (PBDB)
Clavidictyon
genus
accepted (GBIF)No associated record in PBDB
Clionoides
genus
accepted (GBIF)No associated record in PBDB
Cnemidium
genus
accepted (GBIF)No associated record in PBDB
Codites
genus
listed (PBDB)4156 Ma
Jurassic
156 Ma
Jurassic
Coniculospongia
genus
accepted (GBIF)No associated record in PBDB
Conochaetetes
genus
accepted (GBIF)No associated record in PBDB
Conosclera
genus
accepted (GBIF)No associated record in PBDB
Copleicyathus
genus
accepted (GBIF)No associated record in PBDB
Cordilleracyathus
genus
accepted (GBIF)No associated record in PBDB
Coronacollina
genus
accepted (GBIF)
listed (PBDB)
5635 Ma
Neoproterozoic
635 Ma
Neoproterozoic
Cotyliscus
genus
accepted (GBIF)
listed (PBDB)
Cribroscyphia
genus
accepted (GBIF)
listed (PBDB)
1133 Ma
Early Cretaceous
133 Ma
Early Cretaceous
Crucicyathus
genus
accepted (GBIF)No associated record in PBDB
Cuneiphycus
genus
listed (PBDB)5323 Ma
Carboniferous
304 Ma
Carboniferous
Cupulochonia
genus
listed (PBDB)14235 Ma
Late Triassic
133 Ma
Early Cretaceous
Cupulospongia
genus
accepted (GBIF)No associated record in PBDB
Cyathophyscus
genus
listed (PBDB)
Cyclocyathella
genus
accepted (GBIF)No associated record in PBDB
Cyclospongia
genus
listed (PBDB)1443 Ma
Silurian
443 Ma
Silurian
Cylindrocoelia
genus
accepted (GBIF)No associated record in PBDB
Deceptioncyathus
genus
accepted (GBIF)No associated record in PBDB
Dendrocoelia
genus
accepted (GBIF)
listed (PBDB)
Devonospongia
genus
accepted (GBIF)No associated record in PBDB
Dictyofavus
genus
accepted (GBIF)No associated record in PBDB
Dictyophytra
genus
accepted (GBIF)No associated record in PBDB
Didesmospongia
genus
accepted (GBIF)No associated record in PBDB
Diotricheum
genus
accepted (GBIF)No associated record in PBDB
Drosdovia
genus
listed (PBDB)
Eocoryne
genus
listed (PBDB)
Eocyathispongia
genus
accepted (GBIF)
listed (PBDB)
1635 Ma
Neoproterozoic
635 Ma
Neoproterozoic
Eremitacyathus
genus
accepted (GBIF)No associated record in PBDB
Erismacoscinus
genus
accepted (GBIF)No associated record in PBDB
Erugatocyathus
genus
accepted (GBIF)No associated record in PBDB
Exocyathus
genus
accepted (GBIF)No associated record in PBDB
Fallocyathus
genus
accepted (GBIF)No associated record in PBDB
Fenestrocyathus
genus
accepted (GBIF)No associated record in PBDB
Flexiostroma
genus
accepted (GBIF)No associated record in PBDB
Forospongia
genus
accepted (GBIF)No associated record in PBDB
Fridaycyathus
genus
accepted (GBIF)No associated record in PBDB
Geniculicyathus
genus
accepted (GBIF)No associated record in PBDB
Ginkgospongia
genus
accepted (GBIF)No associated record in PBDB
Glenodictyum
genus
listed (PBDB)
Globosocyathus
genus
accepted (GBIF)No associated record in PBDB
Gordonicyathus
genus
accepted (GBIF)No associated record in PBDB
Gordonifungia
genus
accepted (GBIF)No associated record in PBDB
Graphoscyphia
genus
accepted (GBIF)No associated record in PBDB
Halysicyathus
genus
accepted (GBIF)No associated record in PBDB
Hawkercyathus
genus
accepted (GBIF)No associated record in PBDB
Hemispongia
genus
accepted (GBIF)No associated record in PBDB
Hippalimus
genus
accepted (GBIF)No associated record in PBDB
Holocoelia
genus
listed (PBDB)4242 Ma
Middle Triassic
140 Ma
Early Cretaceous
Hupecyathus
genus
accepted (GBIF)No associated record in PBDB
Ichnospongia
genus
accepted (GBIF)No associated record in PBDB
Ichnusocyathus
genus
accepted (GBIF)No associated record in PBDB
Inacyathella
genus
accepted (GBIF)No associated record in PBDB
Incrustospongia
genus
accepted (GBIF)No associated record in PBDB
Inessocyathus
genus
accepted (GBIF)No associated record in PBDB
Ischnspongia
genus
accepted (GBIF)No associated record in PBDB
Janussenia
genus
accepted (GBIF)No associated record in PBDB
Jebileticoscinus
genus
accepted (GBIF)No associated record in PBDB
Joanaecyathus
genus
accepted (GBIF)No associated record in PBDB
Jugalicyathus
genus
accepted (GBIF)No associated record in PBDB
Jumarella
genus
accepted (GBIF)No associated record in PBDB
Kaltatocyathus
genus
accepted (GBIF)No associated record in PBDB
Kandatocyathus
genus
accepted (GBIF)No associated record in PBDB
Karatubulus
genus
accepted (GBIF)No associated record in PBDB
Keriocoelia
genus
accepted (GBIF)No associated record in PBDB
Kotuyicyathellus
genus
accepted (GBIF)No associated record in PBDB
Kozlowskispongia
genus
accepted (GBIF)No associated record in PBDB
Ladaecyathus
genus
accepted (GBIF)No associated record in PBDB
Larecyathus
genus
accepted (GBIF)No associated record in PBDB
Lasiocladia
genus
accepted (GBIF)No associated record in PBDB
Laubenfelsia
genus
accepted (GBIF)No associated record in PBDB
Leiofungia
genus
accepted (GBIF)
listed (PBDB)
7247 Ma
Early Triassic
235 Ma
Late Triassic
Leptosocyathellus
genus
accepted (GBIF)No associated record in PBDB
Limnorea
genus
listed (PBDB)1168 Ma
Middle Jurassic
168 Ma
Middle Jurassic
Limnoretheles
genus
accepted (GBIF)
listed (PBDB)
1235 Ma
Late Triassic
235 Ma
Late Triassic
Lobatospongia
genus
accepted (GBIF)No associated record in PBDB
Loculicyathus
genus
accepted (GBIF)No associated record in PBDB
Loiscupula
genus
accepted (GBIF)No associated record in PBDB
Lophoptychium
genus
accepted (GBIF)No associated record in PBDB
Lovcenipora
genus
accepted (GBIF)No associated record in PBDB
Magenia
genus
accepted (GBIF)No associated record in PBDB
Magnicanalifera
genus
accepted (GBIF)No associated record in PBDB
Maldeotaina
genus
accepted (GBIF)No associated record in PBDB
Markocyathus
genus
accepted (GBIF)No associated record in PBDB
Mastostroma
genus
accepted (GBIF)No associated record in PBDB
Matthewcyathus
genus
listed (PBDB)
Megalelasma
genus
listed (PBDB)
Mennericyathus
genus
accepted (GBIF)No associated record in PBDB
Metaldetimorpha
genus
accepted (GBIF)No associated record in PBDB
Microcoryne
genus
listed (PBDB)7520 Ma
Cambrian
513 Ma
Cambrian
Mikhnocyathus
genus
accepted (GBIF)No associated record in PBDB
Mussooriella
genus
accepted (GBIF)
listed (PBDB)
1541 Ma
Cambrian
541 Ma
Cambrian
Nabaviella
genus
accepted (GBIF)
listed (PBDB)
7520 Ma
Cambrian
497 Ma
Cambrian
Nalivkinicyathus
genus
accepted (GBIF)No associated record in PBDB
Namapoikia
genus
listed (PBDB)1635 Ma
Neoproterozoic
635 Ma
Neoproterozoic
Nochoroicyathellus
genus
accepted (GBIF)No associated record in PBDB
Nochoroicyathus
genus
accepted (GBIF)No associated record in PBDB
Nostrocyathus
genus
listed (PBDB)
Ocellaria
genus
accepted (GBIF)No associated record in PBDB
Oligoplagia
genus
listed (PBDB)2209 Ma
Late Triassic
209 Ma
Late Triassic
Orbicoscinus
genus
accepted (GBIF)No associated record in PBDB
Ortmannia
genus
accepted (GBIF)No associated record in PBDB
Ozarkocoelia
genus
accepted (GBIF)No associated record in PBDB
Pachycalymma
genus
accepted (GBIF)No associated record in PBDB
Pachycoscinus
genus
accepted (GBIF)No associated record in PBDB
Palaeoderma
genus
accepted (GBIF)No associated record in PBDB
Palaeoierea
genus
accepted (GBIF)
listed (PBDB)
1235 Ma
Late Triassic
235 Ma
Late Triassic
Palmericyathellus
genus
accepted (GBIF)No associated record in PBDB
Palmericyathus
genus
accepted (GBIF)No associated record in PBDB
Paraaplysinofibria
genus
accepted (GBIF)No associated record in PBDB
Paramelonella
genus
accepted (GBIF)No associated record in PBDB
Paranacyathus
genus
accepted (GBIF)No associated record in PBDB
Paronadella
genus
accepted (GBIF)No associated record in PBDB
Paronaespongia
genus
accepted (GBIF)No associated record in PBDB
Perispongia
genus
accepted (GBIF)No associated record in PBDB
Perturbatacrusta
genus
accepted (GBIF)No associated record in PBDB
Phymoraphinia
genus
listed (PBDB)283.5 Ma
Late Cretaceous
83.5 Ma
Late Cretaceous
Pilodicoscinus
genus
accepted (GBIF)No associated record in PBDB
Placodictyum
genus
accepted (GBIF)No associated record in PBDB
Platysphaerocoelia
genus
accepted (GBIF)No associated record in PBDB
Polycoscinus
genus
accepted (GBIF)No associated record in PBDB
Porocoscinus
genus
accepted (GBIF)No associated record in PBDB
Porocyathus
genus
accepted (GBIF)No associated record in PBDB
Portusgratiaespongia
genus
accepted (GBIF)No associated record in PBDB
Prethmophyllum
genus
accepted (GBIF)No associated record in PBDB
Pretiosocyathellus
genus
accepted (GBIF)No associated record in PBDB
Propleroma
genus
accepted (GBIF)No associated record in PBDB
Propriolynthus
genus
accepted (GBIF)No associated record in PBDB
Psephidia
genus
listed (PBDB)
Pseudotennericyathellus
genus
accepted (GBIF)No associated record in PBDB
Ptilispongia
genus
accepted (GBIF)No associated record in PBDB
Pulsatospongia
genus
accepted (GBIF)No associated record in PBDB
Putapacyathus
genus
accepted (GBIF)No associated record in PBDB
Radiofibrosclera
genus
accepted (GBIF)No associated record in PBDB
Rasetticyathus
genus
accepted (GBIF)No associated record in PBDB
Rauffella
genus
accepted (GBIF)No associated record in PBDB
Rectannulus
genus
accepted (GBIF)No associated record in PBDB
Reiswigia
genus
accepted (GBIF)No associated record in PBDB
Retecoscinus
genus
accepted (GBIF)No associated record in PBDB
Retetumulus
genus
accepted (GBIF)No associated record in PBDB
Retilamina
genus
accepted (GBIF)No associated record in PBDB
Rhizacyathus
genus
accepted (GBIF)No associated record in PBDB
Riasanospongia
genus
accepted (GBIF)No associated record in PBDB
Robertocyathus
genus
accepted (GBIF)No associated record in PBDB
Robustocyathus
genus
accepted (GBIF)No associated record in PBDB
Roepella
genus
accepted (GBIF)No associated record in PBDB
Rotundocyathus
genus
accepted (GBIF)No associated record in PBDB
Rowanpectinus
genus
accepted (GBIF)No associated record in PBDB
Rozanovicoscinus
genus
accepted (GBIF)No associated record in PBDB
Rudanulus
genus
accepted (GBIF)No associated record in PBDB
Sakhacyathus
genus
accepted (GBIF)No associated record in PBDB
Salairocyathus
genus
accepted (GBIF)No associated record in PBDB
Sanxiacyathus
genus
accepted (GBIF)No associated record in PBDB
Scyphia
genus
listed (PBDB)2235 Ma
Late Triassic
66.0 Ma
Late Cretaceous
Sekwicyathus
genus
accepted (GBIF)No associated record in PBDB
Shitangspongia
genus
accepted (GBIF)
listed (PBDB)
1516 Ma
Cambrian
516 Ma
Cambrian
Sichotecyathus
genus
accepted (GBIF)No associated record in PBDB
Sigmocoscinus
genus
accepted (GBIF)No associated record in PBDB
Sigmofungia
genus
accepted (GBIF)No associated record in PBDB
Sinoflabrum
genus
listed (PBDB)
Sinospongia
genus
accepted (GBIF)No associated record in PBDB
Siphonocoelia
genus
accepted (GBIF)No associated record in PBDB
Solactiniella
genus
accepted (GBIF)
listed (PBDB)
3541 Ma
Cambrian
516 Ma
Cambrian
Sparsispongia
genus
accepted (GBIF)
listed (PBDB)
7140 Ma
Early Cretaceous
133 Ma
Early Cretaceous
Spirillicyathus
genus
accepted (GBIF)No associated record in PBDB
Stevocyathus
genus
accepted (GBIF)No associated record in PBDB
Streptospongia
genus
accepted (GBIF)No associated record in PBDB
Stromatofungia
genus
accepted (GBIF)
listed (PBDB)
2419 Ma
Early Devonian
388 Ma
Middle Devonian
Subtumulocyathellus
genus
accepted (GBIF)No associated record in PBDB
Taleolaspongia
genus
accepted (GBIF)No associated record in PBDB
Taylorcyathus
genus
accepted (GBIF)No associated record in PBDB
Tegerocyathella
genus
accepted (GBIF)No associated record in PBDB
Tegerocyathus
genus
accepted (GBIF)No associated record in PBDB
Tennericyathus
genus
accepted (GBIF)No associated record in PBDB
Tetraspongia
genus
accepted (GBIF)No associated record in PBDB
Thalamocyathellus
genus
accepted (GBIF)No associated record in PBDB
Thectardis
genus
listed (PBDB)Triangle4635 Ma
Neoproterozoic
635 Ma
Neoproterozoic
Torosocyathellus
genus
accepted (GBIF)No associated record in PBDB
Tragos
genus
accepted (GBIF)
listed (PBDB)
2260 Ma
Permian
260 Ma
Permian
Trammeria
genus
accepted (GBIF)
listed (PBDB)
4228 Ma
Late Triassic
228 Ma
Late Triassic
Tumulifungia
genus
accepted (GBIF)No associated record in PBDB
Tumuliolynthus
genus
accepted (GBIF)No associated record in PBDB
Tumulocyathellus
genus
accepted (GBIF)No associated record in PBDB
Tumulocyathus
genus
accepted (GBIF)No associated record in PBDB
Tumuloglobosus
genus
accepted (GBIF)No associated record in PBDB
Tunkia
genus
accepted (GBIF)No associated record in PBDB
Tylodictya
genus
accepted (GBIF)No associated record in PBDB
Ungula
genus
accepted (GBIF)No associated record in PBDB
Ussuricyathus
genus
accepted (GBIF)No associated record in PBDB
Vacuocyathus
genus
accepted (GBIF)No associated record in PBDB
Vadimocyathus
genus
accepted (GBIF)No associated record in PBDB
Veronicacyathus
genus
accepted (GBIF)No associated record in PBDB
Verrucospongia
genus
accepted (GBIF)No associated record in PBDB
Vologdinocyathus
genus
accepted (GBIF)No associated record in PBDB
Warriootacyathus
genus
accepted (GBIF)No associated record in PBDB
Yukonocyathus
genus
accepted (GBIF)No associated record in PBDB
Zonacyathus
genus
accepted (GBIF)No associated record in PBDB
Acanthellia tenuispiculata
species
accepted (GBIF)No associated record in PBDB
Ceratopsionilla pyriformis
species
accepted (GBIF)No associated record in PBDB
Cerelasma gyrosphaera
species
accepted (GBIF)No associated record in PBDB
Cerelpemma radiolarium
species
accepted (GBIF)No associated record in PBDB
Chalazodes granulatum
species
accepted (GBIF)No associated record in PBDB
Chalazodes romingeri
species
accepted (GBIF)No associated record in PBDB
Cladorhizina arctica
species
accepted (GBIF)No associated record in PBDB
Coniella levantinae
species
accepted (GBIF)No associated record in PBDB
Cydonium mulleri
species
accepted (GBIF)No associated record in PBDB
Dictocylindrus fascicularis
species
accepted (GBIF)No associated record in PBDB
Gabella intermedia
species
accepted (GBIF)No associated record in PBDB
Graptospongia silurica
species
accepted (GBIF)No associated record in PBDB
Haliclopetrosia flabelliformis
species
accepted (GBIF)No associated record in PBDB
Hemidragmaxia erecta
species
accepted (GBIF)No associated record in PBDB
Hemihalichondria nigra
species
accepted (GBIF)No associated record in PBDB
Heterostylissa purpurea
species
accepted (GBIF)No associated record in PBDB
Hispidium shikmona
species
accepted (GBIF)No associated record in PBDB
Hylotellopsis amabilis
species
accepted (GBIF)No associated record in PBDB
Lepidolites dickhauti
species
accepted (GBIF)No associated record in PBDB
Lithistid wiedeyi
species
accepted (GBIF)No associated record in PBDB
Monanthella strongylata
species
accepted (GBIF)No associated record in PBDB
Palmispongia radiata
species
accepted (GBIF)No associated record in PBDB
Paracytheridea floweri
species
accepted (GBIF)No associated record in PBDB
Prodactylioceras hadra
species
accepted (GBIF)No associated record in PBDB
Pseudoinquisitor ichnata
species
accepted (GBIF)No associated record in PBDB
Raufella filosa
species
accepted (GBIF)No associated record in PBDB
Rufuspongia triporata
species
accepted (GBIF)No associated record in PBDB
Sagenella ambigua
species
accepted (GBIF)No associated record in PBDB
Sanidastrodesma lithistioides
species
accepted (GBIF)No associated record in PBDB
Specus fimbriatus
species
accepted (GBIF)No associated record in PBDB
Spirasterella calciculata
species
accepted (GBIF)No associated record in PBDB
Stannophyllum radiolarium
species
accepted (GBIF)No associated record in PBDB
Synops macandrewi
species
accepted (GBIF)No associated record in PBDB
Synops media
species
accepted (GBIF)No associated record in PBDB
Trachyaerma speciosa
species
accepted (GBIF)No associated record in PBDB
Verticellites budaensia
species
accepted (GBIF)No associated record in PBDB

Synonymy List

YearName and Author
1836Porifera Grant
2002Porifera Sepkoski, Jr.
2003Porifera Kiessling
2005Porifera Adl et al. p. 401 figs. Table 1

References

Sepkoski, Jr. J. J. (2002) A compendium of fossil marine animal genera, Bulletins of American Paleontology 363, 1-560
Kiessling W. (2003) Personal data
Adl S. M., Simpson A. G. B., et al (2005) The new higher level classification of eukaryotes with emphasis on the taxonomy of protists, Journal of Eukaryotic Microbiology 52 5, 399-451
Hooper, J.N.A.; Van Soest, R.W.M.; Pisera, A. (2011). Phylum Porifera Grant, 1826. In: Zhang, Z.-Q. (Ed.) Animal biodiversity: An outline of higher-level classification and survey of taxonomic richness. Zootaxa. 3148: 13-18. - via The Interim Register of Marine and Nonmarine Genera
Hooper, John N. A., and Rob W. M. van Soest, eds., 2002: null. Systema Porifera: A Guide to the Classification of Sponges. xlviii + 1708. - via Integrated Taxonomic Information System (ITIS)
Hooper, John N. A., Rob W. M. van Soest, and Andrzej Pisera / Zhang, Z.-Q., ed., 2011: Phylum Porifera Grant, 1826. In: Animal biodiversity: An outline of higher-level classification and survey of taxonomic richness. Zootaxa, issue 3148. 13-18. - via Integrated Taxonomic Information System (ITIS)
Hooper, J.N.A.; Van Soest, R.W.M. (Eds.). (2002). Systema Porifera: a guide to the classification of Sponges. Kluwer Academic/ Plenum Publishers: New York, Boston, Dordrecht, London, Moscow. 2 Volumes. 1706 pp. ISBN 0-306-47260-0. - via World Register of Marine Species
Ruggiero, M. A.; Gordon, D. P.; Orrell, T. M.; Bailly, N.; Bourgoin, T.; Brusca, R. C.; Cavalier-Smith, T.; Guiry, M. D.; Kirk, P. M. (2015). A higher level classification of all living organisms. PLOS ONE. 10(4): e0119248. - via The Interim Register of Marine and Nonmarine Genera
Brusca, Richard C., and Gary J. Brusca, 1990: null. Invertebrates. xiii + 992. - via Integrated Taxonomic Information System (ITIS)
Hooper, J.N.A.; Van Soest, R.W.M.; Debrenne, F. (2002). Phylum Porifera Grant, 1826. pp. 9-14 in: Hooper, J.N.A.; van Soest, R.W.M. (Eds.) Systema Porifera: a guide to the classification of sponges. Volume 1 (Kluwer Academic/ Plenum Publishers: New York, Boston, Dordrecht, London, Moscow). - via World Register of Marine Species
Grant, R.E. (1836). Animal Kingdom. Pp. 107-118. In: Todd, R.B. (Ed.),The Cyclopaedia of Anatomy and Physiology. Volume 1. (Sherwood,Gilbert, and Piper: London): 1-813. - via World Register of Marine Species
Gärdenfors, Ulf, Hall, Ragnar, Hallingbäck, Tomas, Hansson, Hans G. & Hedström, Lars (2003) Djur, svampar och växter i Sverige 2003. Förteckning över antal arter per familj. ArtDatabanken Rapporterar 5, ArtDatabanken, Uppsala. (reviderad excelfil med svenska djurfamiljer). - via Dyntaxa. Svensk taxonomisk databas
Hooper, J.N.A.; Van Soest, R.W.M. (Eds.). (2002). Systema Porifera: a guide to the classification of Sponges. Kluwer Academic/ Plenum Publishers: New York, Boston, Dordrecht, London, Moscow. 2 Volumes. 1706 pp. ISBN 0-306-47260-0. - via World Register of Introduced Marine Species (WRiMS)
Hooper, J.N.A.; Van Soest, R.W.M.; Debrenne, F. (2002). Phylum Porifera Grant, 1826. pp. 9-14 in: Hooper, J.N.A.; van Soest, R.W.M. (Eds.) Systema Porifera: a guide to the classification of sponges. Volume 1 (Kluwer Academic/ Plenum Publishers: New York, Boston, Dordrecht, London, Moscow). - via World Register of Introduced Marine Species (WRiMS)
Grant, R.E. (1836). Animal Kingdom. Pp. 107-118. In: Todd, R.B. (Ed.),The Cyclopaedia of Anatomy and Physiology. Volume 1. (Sherwood,Gilbert, and Piper: London): 1-813. - via World Register of Introduced Marine Species (WRiMS)
WoRMS (2018) Accessed through World Register of Marine Species at http://www.marinespecies.org/ - via Dyntaxa. Svensk taxonomisk databas
Ols Eggers et al. (2007) - via Taxa Watermanagement the Netherlands (TWN)
Hayward, P.J. & Ryland, J.S. (2002) - via Taxa Watermanagement the Netherlands (TWN)
Data courtesy of: PBDB: The Paleobiology Database, Creative Commons CC-BY licenced. , GBIF: the Global Biodiversity Information Facility, various licences, iDigBio, various licences, and EOL: The Encyclopedia of Life (Open Data Public Domain). Because fossils are made of minerals too!
Data courtesy of: PBDB: The Paleobiology Database, Creative Commons CC-BY licenced. , GBIF: the Global Biodiversity Information Facility, various licences, iDigBio, various licences, and EOL: The Encyclopedia of Life (Open Data Public Domain). Because fossils are made of minerals too!
 
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