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Xonotlite

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About XonotliteHide

Formula:
Ca6(Si6O17)(OH)2
Colour:
White, grey, pale pink, colorless
Lustre:
Vitreous, Silky, Pearly
Hardness:
Crystal System:
Monoclinic
Name:
Named in 1866 by Karl Friedrich August Rammelsberg after its discovery locality, Tetela de Xonotla, Mexico.
An ino-silicate mineral with double dreier chains. Several polytypes are known (Hejny & Armbruster, 2001): Ma2bc (space group P2/a, a = 17.032, b = 7.363, c = 7.012 Å, β = 90.36°), Ma2b2c (space group A2/a, a = 17.032, b = 7.363, c = 14.023 Å, β = 90.36°) and M2a2bc (space group P-1 , a = 8.712, b = 7.363, c = 7.012 Å, α = 89.99° β = 90.36°, γ = 102.18°).

Related to the Tobermorite Group.

Visit gemdat.org for gemological information about Xonotlite.


Classification of XonotliteHide

Approved, 'Grandfathered' (first described prior to 1959)
9.DG.35

9 : SILICATES (Germanates)
D : Inosilicates
G : Inosilicates with 3-periodic single and multiple chains
66.3.1.1

66 : INOSILICATES Double-Width,Unbranched Chains,(W=2)
3 : Amphiboles - Ca-Na subgroup
14.5.12

14 : Silicates not Containing Aluminum
5 : Silicates of Ca

Pronounciation of XonotliteHide

Pronounciation:
PlayRecorded byCountry
Jolyon & Katya RalphUnited Kingdom

Physical Properties of XonotliteHide

Vitreous, Silky, Pearly
Transparency:
Transparent, Translucent
Colour:
White, grey, pale pink, colorless
Hardness:
6½ on Mohs scale

Optical Data of XonotliteHide

Type:
Biaxial (+)
RI values:
nα = 1.583 nβ = 1.585 nγ = 1.595
2V:
Calculated: 50°
Max Birefringence:
δ = 0.012
Image shows birefringence interference colour range (at 30µm thickness)
and does not take into account mineral colouration.
Surface Relief:
Moderate
Dispersion:
small

Chemical Properties of XonotliteHide

Formula:
Ca6(Si6O17)(OH)2
IMA Formula:
Ca6Si6O17(OH)2
Common Impurities:
Fe,Mn,H2O

Crystallography of XonotliteHide

Crystal System:
Monoclinic
Class (H-M):
2/m - Prismatic
Cell Parameters:
a = 17.032 Å, b = 7.363 Å, c = 7.012 Å
β = 90.36°
Ratio:
a:b:c = 2.313 : 1 : 0.952
Unit Cell V:
879.33 ų (Calculated from Unit Cell)
Comment:
Space group P2/a (Ma2bc polytype).

X-Ray Powder DiffractionHide

Image Loading

Radiation - Copper Kα
Data Set:
Data courtesy of RRUFF project at University of Arizona, used with permission.

Type Occurrence of XonotliteHide

Synonyms of XonotliteHide

Other Language Names for XonotliteHide

Varieties of XonotliteHide

Mg-bearing XonotliteA Mg-bearing variety of xonotlite.

Common AssociatesHide

Associated Minerals Based on Photo Data:
24 photos of Xonotlite associated with InesiteCa2(Mn,Fe)7Si10O28(OH)2 · 5H2O
19 photos of Xonotlite associated with RoeblingitePb2Ca6Mn2+(Si3O9)2(SO4)2(OH)2 · 4H2O
18 photos of Xonotlite associated with HendricksiteKZn3(Si3Al)O10(OH)2
16 photos of Xonotlite associated with ClinohedriteCaZn(SiO4) · H2O
15 photos of Xonotlite associated with Ganophyllite(K,Na,Ca)2Mn8(Si,Al)12(O,OH)32 · 8H2O
13 photos of Xonotlite associated with Hydroxyapophyllite-(K)KCa4(Si8O20)(OH,F) · 8H2O
13 photos of Xonotlite associated with StringhamiteCaCu(SiO4) · H2O
11 photos of Xonotlite associated with PrehniteCa2Al2Si3O10(OH)2
11 photos of Xonotlite associated with OlmiiteCaMn2+[SiO3(OH)](OH)
10 photos of Xonotlite associated with DatoliteCaB(SiO4)(OH)

Related Minerals - Nickel-Strunz GroupingHide

9.DG.05BustamiteCaMn2+(Si2O6)Tric. 1 : P1
9.DG.05FerrobustamiteCaFe2+(Si2O6)Tric.
9.DG.05PectoliteNaCa2Si3O8(OH)Tric. 1 : P1
9.DG.05SeranditeNaMn2+2Si3O8(OH)Tric. 1 : P1
9.DG.05WollastoniteCaSiO3Tric. 1 : P1
9.DG.05Wollastonite-1ACaSiO3Tric. 1 : P1
9.DG.07CascanditeCa(Sc,Fe3+)(HSi3O9)Tric. 1
9.DG.08Plombièrite[Ca4Si6O16(OH)2 · 2H2O]·(Ca·5H2O)Orth.
9.DG.10Clinotobermorite[Ca4Si6O17 · 2H2O]·(Ca·3H2O)Mon.
9.DG.10RiversideiteCa5(HSi3O9)2 · 2H2OOrth.
9.DG.10Tobermorite[Ca4Si6O17 · 2H2O]·(Ca·3H2O)Orth.
9.DG.15FoshagiteCa4(Si3O9)(OH)2Tric.
9.DG.20JenniteCa9(Si3O9)2(OH)8 · 8H2OTric.
9.DG.25ParaumbiteK3Zr2H(Si3O9)2 · nH2OOrth.
9.DG.25UmbiteK2(Zr,Ti)Si3O9 · H2OOrth.
9.DG.30SørenseniteNa4SnBe2Si6O16(OH)4Mon. 2/m : B2/b
9.DG.40HillebranditeCa2(SiO3)(OH)2Orth. mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m) : Cmcm
9.DG.45ZoriteNa8(Ti,Nb)5(Si6O17)2(OH,O)5 · 14H2OOrth.
9.DG.45ChivruaiiteCa4(Ti,Nb)5(Si6O17)2(OH,O)5 · 13-14H2OOrth. mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m) : Cmmm
9.DG.50Haineaultite(Na,Ca)5Ca(Ti,Nb)5(Si6O17)2(OH,F)8 · 5H2OOrth. 2 2 2 : C2 2 2
9.DG.55EpididymiteNa2Be2Si6O15 · H2OOrth. mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m) : Pnma
9.DG.60EudidymiteNa2Be2Si6O15 · H2OMon. 2/m : B2/b
9.DG.65ElpiditeNa2ZrSi6O15 · 3H2OOrth.
9.DG.70Fenaksite(K,Na)4(Fe,Mn)2(Si4O10)2(OH,F)Tric.
9.DG.70LitidioniteCuNaKSi4O10Tric.
9.DG.70ManaksiteKNaMnSi4O10Tric.
9.DG.75TinaksiteK2Na(Ca,Mn2+)2TiO[Si7O18(OH)]Tric.
9.DG.75TokkoiteK2Ca4[Si7O18(OH)](OH,F)Tric.
9.DG.75SenkevichiteCsKNaCa2TiO[Si7O18](OH)Tric. 1 : P1
9.DG.80CanasiteK3Na3Ca5Si12O30(OH)4Mon.
9.DG.80FluorcanasiteK3Na3Ca5Si12O30F4 · H2OMon. m : Bm
9.DG.85MiseriteK1.5-x(Ca,Y,REE)5(Si6O15)(Si2O7)(OH,F)2 · yH2OTric.
9.DG.90FrankameniteK3Na3Ca5(Si12O30)(F,OH)4 · H2OTric.
9.DG.92Charoite(K,Sr)15-16(Ca,Na)32[Si6O11(O,OH)6]2[Si12O18(O,OH)12]2[Si17O25(O,OH)18]2(OH,F)4 · ~3H2OMon. 2/m : P21/m
9.DG.95YuksporiteK4(Ca,Na)14(Sr,Ba)2(◻,Mn,Fe)(Ti,Nb)4(O,OH)4(Si6O17)2(Si2O7)3(H2O,OH)3Orth.
9.DG.97Eveslogite(Na,K,Ca,Sr,Ba)48 [(Ti,Nb,Mn,Fe2+)12Si48O144(OH)12](F,OH,Cl)14Mon. 2/m : P2/m

Related Minerals - Dana Grouping (8th Ed.)Hide

66.3.1.2ZoriteNa8(Ti,Nb)5(Si6O17)2(OH,O)5 · 14H2OOrth.
66.3.1.3EudidymiteNa2Be2Si6O15 · H2OMon. 2/m : B2/b
66.3.1.4EpididymiteNa2Be2Si6O15 · H2OOrth. mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m) : Pnma
66.3.1.5YuksporiteK4(Ca,Na)14(Sr,Ba)2(◻,Mn,Fe)(Ti,Nb)4(O,OH)4(Si6O17)2(Si2O7)3(H2O,OH)3Orth.

Related Minerals - Hey's Chemical Index of Minerals GroupingHide

14.5.1WollastoniteCaSiO3Tric. 1 : P1
14.5.2Wollastonite-7TCaSiO3
14.5.3Wollastonite-2MCaSiO3Mon. 2/m : P21/b
14.5.4RankiniteCa3Si2O7Mon. 2/m : P21/b
14.5.5KilchoaniteCa6(SiO4)(Si3O10)Orth.
14.5.6LarniteCa2SiO4Mon. 2/m
14.5.7BredigiteCa7Mg(SiO4)4Orth.
14.5.8HatruriteCa3(SiO4)OTrig.
14.5.9RosenhahniteHCa3[Si3O9(OH)]Tric.
14.5.10DellaiteCa6Si3O11(OH)2Tric.
14.5.11AfwilliteCa3(HSiO4)2 · 2H2OMon. m : Bb
14.5.13FoshagiteCa4(Si3O9)(OH)2Tric.
14.5.14HillebranditeCa2(SiO3)(OH)2Orth. mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m) : Cmcm
14.5.15JaffeiteCa6(Si2O7)(OH)6Trig. 3 : P3
14.5.16SuoluniteCa2(H2Si2O7) · H2OOrth.
14.5.17KillalaiteCa6.4(H0.6Si2O7)2(OH)2Mon.
14.5.18OkeniteCa10Si18O46 · 18H2OTric. 1 : P1
14.5.19RiversideiteCa5(HSi3O9)2 · 2H2OOrth.
14.5.20TrabzoniteCa4(Si3O9)(OH)2Orth. mm2 : Ama2
14.5.21GyroliteNaCa16Si23AlO60(OH)8 · 14H2OTric. 1 : P1
14.5.22FoshallasiteCa3[Si2O7] · 3H2O(?)
14.5.23Tobermorite[Ca4Si6O17 · 2H2O]·(Ca·3H2O)Orth.
14.5.24Clinotobermorite[Ca4Si6O17 · 2H2O]·(Ca·3H2O)Mon.
14.5.25NekoiteCa3Si6O15·7H2OTric. 1 : P1
14.5.26Plombièrite[Ca4Si6O16(OH)2 · 2H2O]·(Ca·5H2O)Orth.
14.5.27JenniteCa9(Si3O9)2(OH)8 · 8H2OTric.

Fluorescence of XonotliteHide

May fluoresce and phosphoresce violet in SW, MW, and LW ultraviolet light (Franklin, New Jersey).

Other InformationHide

Health Risks:
No information on health risks for this material has been entered into the database. You should always treat mineral specimens with care.

References for XonotliteHide

Reference List:
Sort by Year (asc) | by Year (desc) | by Author (A-Z) | by Author (Z-A)
Rammelsberg, Karl Friedrich August, Z. Deutsch. Geol. Ges. (1866): 18: 33.
Larsen, E.S. (1923), The identity of eakleite and xonotlite, American Mineralogist: 8: 181-182.
Taylor, H.F.W. (1953), The identity of jurupaite and xonotlite: Mineralogical Magazine: 30: 338-341.
Doklady Akademii Nauk SSSR: 104: 615-618 (in Russian).
Journal of the Mineral Society of Japan (1972): 10: 358.
Zeitschrift für Kristallographie (1981): 154: 271.
Hejny, C. and Armbruster, T. (2001): Polytypism in xonotlite Ca6Si6O17(OH)2. Z. Kristallogr. 216, 396-408.
Bernstein, S., Fehr, K. T. & Hochleitner, R. (2009): Crystal chemistry of Xonotlite Ca6Si6O17(OH)2. Part I: Determination of polytypes using X-Ray Powder Diffraction (XRPD). Neues Jahrbuch für Mineralogie - Abhandlungen, 186, 153-162.

Internet Links for XonotliteHide

Localities for XonotliteHide

This map shows a selection of localities that have latitude and longitude coordinates recorded. Click on the symbol to view information about a locality. The symbol next to localities in the list can be used to jump to that position on the map.

Locality ListHide

- This locality has map coordinates listed. - This locality has estimated coordinates. ⓘ - Click for further information on this occurrence. ? - Indicates mineral may be doubtful at this locality. - Good crystals or important locality for species. - World class for species or very significant. (TL) - Type Locality for a valid mineral species. (FRL) - First Recorded Locality for everything else (eg varieties). Struck out - Mineral was erroneously reported from this locality. Faded * - Never found at this locality but inferred to have existed at some point in the past (eg from pseudomorphs.)

All localities listed without proper references should be considered as questionable.
Australia
 
  • Tasmania
    • Huon Valley municipality
      • Huon-Channel region
        • Weld River district
Analyses in prep, R Bottrill
Bottrill, R.S., Baker, W.E. (2008) A Catalogue of the Minerals of Tasmania. Geological Survey Tasmania Bulletin 73, 254 pages.
  • Victoria
    • Rural City of Benalla
Aust.Jour. Earth Sci. 46:251 (1999)
  • Western Australia
    • Coolgardie Shire
      • Widgiemooltha
B. Grguric
    • Kalgoorlie-Boulder Shire
      • Woolibar Station (Hampton Plains Goldfield)
        • South Kal Mines (South Kalgoorlie Gold Mine; HBJ)
Sue Koepke collection; from Frank Radke
Bulgaria
 
  • Yambol Province
    • Bolyarovo Obshtina
I. Kostov, V. Breskovska, J. Mincheva-Stefanova, G. Kirov (1964): Minerals of Bulgaria. Sofia, Bulgaria, 540 pp. (in Bulgarian).
Canada
 
  • Newfoundland and Labrador
    • Newfoundland
      • Bay of Islands
        • Cox's Cove
Ray L. Frost, Mahen Mahendran, Keerthan Poologanathan, Yunfei Xi, Raman spectroscopic study of the mineral xonotlite Ca6Si6O17(OH)2—A component of plaster boards, Materials Research Bulletin (in press)
Traill, R. J. (1980) Catalog of Canadian Minerals: Revised 1980. Geological Survey of Canada Paper 80-18.
  • Ontario
    • Thunder Bay District
      • Blake Township
Traill, R. J. (1980) Catalog of Canadian Minerals: Revised 1980. Geological Survey of Canada Paper 80-18.
  • Québec
    • Estrie
      • Les Sources RCM
        • Asbestos
GRICE, J.D., WILLIAMS, R. (1979) The Jeffrey Mine, Asbestos, Quebec. Mineralogical Record, 10, 69-80.; GRICE, J.D. (1989) The Jeffrey Mine, Asbestos, Quebec: The Western World's Largest Asbestos Deposit. In: Famous Mineral Localities of Canada. Published by Fitzhenry & Whiteside Limited & the National Museum of Natural Sciences, 190 pages: 115-123; 179-181.
    • Outaouais
      • Les Collines-de-l'Outaouais RCM
        • Chelsea
Geological Survey of Canada Miscellaneous Report 41
Cuba
 
  • Cienfuegos Province
Litsarev, M. A., Organova, N. I., Khranach, P., Chukanov, N. V., Kuz’mina, O. V., Kartashov, P. M., ... & Zadov, A. E. (1998). Hydroxylellestadite from the Arimao Norte Garnet–Wollastonite Skarn (Cuba). Zap. Vseross. Mineral. O–va, 127(6), 68-75.
Czech Republic
 
  • Vysočina Region
    • Havlíčkův Brod District
      • Havlíčkův Brod
        • Chotěboř (Chotieborsch; Potiworz)
Handbook of Mineralogy - Anthony, Bideaux, Bladh, Nichols
Denmark
 
  • Greenland
    • Sermersooq
      • Kangerlussuaq Fjord
MinRec 16:485-494
Finland
 
  • Northern Savonia
Ilkka Mikkola collection, Identification by Dr Seppo Lahti
Germany
 
  • Hesse
    • Darmstadt
      • Darmstadt-Dieburg
        • Mühltal
          • Nieder-Beerbach
Iceland
 
  • Southern Region
    • Vestmannaeyjar
      • Vestmannaeyjar archipelago (Westman islands)
        • Surtsey Island
Jacobsson et al (1992) Encrustations from Lava Caves in Surtsey, Iceland. A Preliminary Report: Surtsey Research Progress Report X: 73-78 Reykjevik, Iceland.
Iraq
 
  • Sulaymaniyah Governorate
    • Qala-Diz (Qala-Dizeh; Qala-Diza)
      • Hero
Al-Hermezi, H. M., McKie, D., & Hall, A. J. (1986). Baghdadite, a new calcium zirconium silicate mineral from Iraq. Mineralogical Magazine, 50, 119-123.
Ireland
 
  • Connacht
    • County Sligo
      • Killala Bay
Bull. Soc. Franç. Minéralo. Cristallo. , 1974, 97, p. 506.
Israel
 
  • Southern District (HaDarom District)
Gross, S. (1977): The Mineralogy of the Hatrurim Formation, Israel. Geological Survey of Israel, Bulletin no. 70, 80 pp.
Italy
 
  • Lombardy
    • Sondrio Province
      • Lanzada
Bedognè, F. (2006) Xonotlite della Val Lanterna, Valmalenco (SO). Rivista Mineralogica Italiana, 30, 254-255.
  • Trentino-Alto Adige
    • Trento Province (Trentino)
      • Predazzo
Demartin, F., Campostrini, I., Grisotto, M., & Grisotto, L. (2006). I Canzoccoli. Una località classica presso Predazzo, Val di Fiemme, Trento. Rivista Mineralogica Italiana, 30(3), 166-177.
  • Tuscany
    • Pisa Province
      • Castelnuovo Val di Cecina
Bonaccorsi E., Merlino S., Orlandi P.(1996): Breve nota sulla xonotlite di Monte Castelli. Atti Soc. tosc. Sci. nat., Mem., Serie A, 103.
  • Veneto
    • Padova Province
      • Euganean Hills (Euganei Hills)
        • Cinto Euganeo
          • Faedo
            • Monte Fasolo
Passaglia, E. , Tagliavini, A. (1995) Erionite from Faedo, Colli Euganei, Italy. Neues Jahrbuch für Mineralogie, Monatshefte, 185-191; Fabris, L., Guastoni, A. (2014) Provincia di Padova. In: Zorzi, F., Boscardin, M., (eds.), Minerali del Veneto. Alla scoperta dei tesori della nostra regione. Museo di Storia Naturale e Archeologia di Montebelluna - Treviso, Cierre Edizioni, Sommacampagna, pages 121-141; Zorzi, F. (2014) Percorso nel Padovano. Monte Fasolo, Monte Rusta, Monte Gemola. In: Zorzi, F., Boscardin, M., (eds.), Minerali del Veneto. Alla scoperta dei tesori della nostra regione. Museo di Storia Naturale e Archeologia di Montebelluna - Treviso, Cierre Edizioni, Sommacampagna, pages 293-299.
    • Vicenza Province
      • Altissimo
        • Del Tesoro Mountain
Boscardin M.,Daleffe A.,Rocchetti I., Zordan A. (2011) " Minerali del Vicentino - Aggiornamenti, località e nuove determinazioni " Museo di Archeologia e Scienze Naturali “G. Zannato” – Montecchio Maggiore (Vicenza), pp.183
      • Arsiero
        • Contrada Draghi
Boscardin M.,Daleffe A.,Rocchetti I., Zordan A. (2011) " Minerali del Vicentino - Aggiornamenti, località e nuove determinazioni " Museo di Archeologia e Scienze Naturali “G. Zannato” – Montecchio Maggiore (Vicenza), pp.183
      • Cogollo del Cengio
Boscardin M.,Daleffe A.,Rocchetti I., Zordan A. (2011) " Minerali del Vicentino - Aggiornamenti, località e nuove determinazioni " Museo di Archeologia e Scienze Naturali “G. Zannato” – Montecchio Maggiore (Vicenza), pp.183
      • Cornedo Vicentino
        • Spagnago
Lapis, 15 (12), 27-32+50.; Boscardin M.,Daleffe A.,Rocchetti I., Zordan A. (2011) " Minerali del Vicentino - Aggiornamenti, località e nuove determinazioni " Museo di Archeologia e Scienze Naturali “G. Zannato” – Montecchio Maggiore (Vicenza), pp.183
      • Gambellara
        • S. Marco hill
Boscardin M.,Daleffe A.,Rocchetti I., Zordan A. (2011) " Minerali del Vicentino - Aggiornamenti, località e nuove determinazioni " Museo di Archeologia e Scienze Naturali “G. Zannato” – Montecchio Maggiore (Vicenza), pp.183
      • Laghi
Zordan, A., Boscardin, M., & Zorzi, F. (2008). Foshagite di Contrada Molini, Laghi (Vicenza). Rivista Mineralogica Italiana, 3/2008, 178-180.
      • Posina
        • Pasubio Massif
          • Punta della Lucche
Boscardin M.,Daleffe A.,Rocchetti I., Zordan A. (2011) " Minerali del Vicentino - Aggiornamenti, località e nuove determinazioni " Museo di Archeologia e Scienze Naturali “G. Zannato” – Montecchio Maggiore (Vicenza), pp.183
      • Rotzo
Collections Alessandro Mattiello and Padua University
      • Schio
        • Tretto
          • Val Munari
            • Contrade Maglio-Pornaro
Zordan, A. (1999): Brevi segnalazioni mineralogiche dal Vicentino. Rivista Mineralogica Italiana, 23, 4 (4-1999), 218-220; Boscardin, M., Daleffe, A., Rocchetti, I., Zordan, A. (2011): Minerali del Vicentino - Aggiornamenti, località e nuove determinazioni. Museo di Archeologia e Scienze Naturali “G. Zannato”, Montecchio Maggiore (Vicenza), 183 pp.; Zordan, A. (2014): Provincia di Vicenza. In: Zorzi, F., Boscardin, M., (eds.), Minerali del Veneto. Alla scoperta dei tesori della nostra regione. Museo di Storia Naturale e Archeologia di Montebelluna - Treviso, Cierre Edizioni, Sommacampagna, 173-246.
Japan
 
  • Fukushima Prefecture
Matsuyama, F. (2001)
  • Hyogo Prefecture
    • Yabu City
      • Sekinomiya-machi
Yamada, S. (2004) Nihonsan-koubutsu Gojuon-hairetsu Sanchi-ichiranhyou (111 pp.)
  • Kagoshima Prefecture
    • Hishikari mine (Hishikari gold mine)
Fermor 2011: Ore Deposits in an Evolving Earth
  • Kochi Prefecture
    • Kochi City
      • Engyouji (Engyoji)
Yamada, S. (2004) Nihonsan-koubutsu Gojuon-hairetsu Sanchi-ichiranhyou (111 pp.)
      • Rendai
    • Konan City
Handbook of Mineralogy, (c) 2001.
  • Mie Prefecture
    • Toba City
Ohe Rikosha specimens; Yamada, S. (2004) Nihonsan-koubutsu Gojuon-hairetsu Sanchi-ichiranhyou (111 pp.)
Yamada, S. (2004) Nihonsan-koubutsu Gojuon-hairetsu Sanchi-ichiranhyou (111 pp.)
  • Niigata Prefecture
    • Itoigawa City
      • Ōmi
Alluvial cobbles in innumerable collections.
  • Oita Prefecture
    • Bungo-Ono City
      • Mie-cho-washidani
Uehara, S., et al (2014) MInerals from Kyushu and Yamaguchi. (Fukuoka Mineral Club, 355 pages)
  • Okayama Prefecture
    • Ibara City
      • Higashi-Mihara
http://www.handbookofmineralogy.org/pdfs/xonotlite.pdf
    • Takahashi City
      • Bicchu-cho (Bitchu-cho)
        • Fuka
Mineralogical Journal Vol. 14 (1989) , No. 7 pp 299-302; Henmi, C., Kusachi, I., Kawahara, A., & Henmi, K. (1978). 7T wollastonite from Fuka, Okayama Prefecture. Mineralogical Journal, 9(3), 169-181.; Henmi, C., & Kusachi, I. (1992). Clinotobermorite, Ca5Si6 (O, OH) 18· 5H2O, a new mineral from Fuka, Okayama Prefecture, Japan. Mineralogical Magazine, 56(3), 353-358.
        • Shitouyouze
Matsueda, H. (1983) Journal of the Mining College, Akita University, Ser. A, Mining Geology, 6, #3, 259-292.
  • Shizuoka Prefecture
    • Amagi-Yugashima
Dr. Kameki Kinoshita collection (curated at Geological Survey of Japan)
Mexico
 
  • Hidalgo
    • Pachuca Municipality
      • Pachuca de Soto (Pachuca)
Panczner(1987):399.
  • Puebla
    • Tetela de Ocampo Municipality
      • Tetela de Ocampo (Tetela; Tetella de Ocampo)
Panczner(1987):399.
Panczner(1987):399.
Pancnzer(1987):399.
Panczner (1987): 399.
Rammelsberg C (1866) Ueber den Xonaltit, ein neues wasserhaltiges Kalksilikat, und den Bustamit aus Mexiko, Zeitschrift der Deutschen Geologischen Gesellschaft 18, 33-34; Dana 6:569; Panczner(1987):399.
    • Tetela del Oro Municipality
      • Tetela del Oro
Panczner(1987):399.
New Zealand
 
  • Canterbury Region
    • Selwyn District
      • Coalgate
Coombs, D.S. (1960) Note on xonotlite from Acheron River, Mid-Canterbury. New Zealand Journal of Geology and Geophysics, 3:1, 72-73.
  • Southland Region
    • Southland District
Judy Rowe collection
  • Waikato Region
    • Waitomo District
      • Piopio
O'Brien, J. P., & Rodgers, K. A. (1973). Xonotlite and rodingites from Wairere, New Zealand. Mineralogical Magazine, 39, 233-240.
Romania
 
Hirtopanu, P. (2006). One hundred minerals for one hundred years (dedicated to the Centennial of the Geological Institute of Romania). In 3rd Conference on Mineral Sciences in the Carpathians, Miskolc Hungary. Acta Mineralogica–Petrographica, Abstract series (Vol. 5, p. 86).
  • Caraş-Severin
    • Banat Mountains
Marincea, S., Dumitraş. D-G., Ghinet, C, Fransolet, A.-M., Hatert, F. & Rondeaux, M. (2011): Gehlenite from three occurrences of high-temperature skarns, Romania: new mineralogical data. Canadian Mineralogist. 49, 1001-1014
  • Hunedoara
    • Hunedoara
Marincea, Ş., Bilal, E., Verkaeren, J., Pascal, M.-L., and Fonteilles, M. (2001) Superposed paragenesis in spurrite-, tilleyite- and gehlenite-bearing skarns from Cornet Hill, Apuseni Mountains, Romania. Canadian Mineralogist: 39: 1435-1453.; The Canadian Mineralogist Vol. 39, pp. 1405-1434 (2001); Marincea, Ş., Dumitraş, D. G., Călin, N., Anason, A. M., Fransolet, A. M., & Hatert, F. (2013). Spurrite, tilleyite and associated minerals in the exoskarn zone from Cornet Hill (Metaliferi Massif, Apuseni Mountains, Romania). The Canadian Mineralogist, 51(3), 359-375.
Russia
 
  • Chukotka Autonomous Okrug
    • Anadyrsky District
      • Koryakskoe plateau
http://geo.web.ru/druza/l-Tamvatnei.htm
  • Kabardino-Balkaria
    • Baksan Valley
Pavel M. Kartashov data; Kulikov, I. V., & Boyarskaya, R. V. (1989). Hydrosaline melts in inclusions in fluorite from the Tyrnyauz Deposit. International Geology Review, 31(10), 1039-1054.
      • Upper Chegem volcanic caldera (Verkhnechegemskaya caldera)
A. E. Zadov data
  • Krasnoyarsk Krai
    • Taymyrskiy Autonomous Okrug
      • Taimyr Peninsula
        • Putoran Plateau
Spiridonov, E. M. (2010). Ore-magmatic systems of the Noril’sk ore field. Russian Geology and Geophysics, 51(9), 1059-1077.
[World of Stones 12:49]
  • Sverdlovsk Oblast
    • Asbest
Antonov A.A. [Антонов А.А.] (2003): Mineralogy of rodingites of the Bazhenovsk ultrabasic massif [Минералогия родингитов Баженовского гипербазитого массива]. Nauka, Sankt-Peterburg, 129 pp. (in Russian).
        • Southern open pit
Chukanov, N.V., Kasatkin, A.V., Zubkova, N. V., Britvin, S.N., Pautov, L.A., Pekov, I.V., Varlamov, D.A., Bychkova, Ya. V., Loskutov, A.B., Novgorodova, E.A. (2016): Tatarinovite Са3Al(SO4)[В(ОH)4](ОH)6 · 12H2O, a new ettringite-group mineral from the Bazhenovskoe deposit, Middle Urals, Russia, and its crystal structure. Geology of Ore Deposits 58: 653-665.
    • Polevskoy
Grabezhev, A. I., Pertsev, N. N., Zadov, A. E., Pribavkin, S. V., & Murzin, V. V. (2007). Calcic hydrosilicate metasomatic rocks at the Gumeshevsk skarn-porphyry copper deposit in the central Urals, Russia. Petrology, 15(5), 514-522.
South Africa
 
  • Limpopo
    • Phalaborwa
      • Loolekop
Minerals of South Africa; Gliddon, J. (1996) Minerals of the Palabora open pit. British Micromount Society 43:2-7
  • Northern Cape
    • Kalahari manganese field
      • Black Rock
Rob Lavinsky photo
      • Hotazel
Giester, G., & Rieck, B. (1996). Wesselsite, SrCu [Si4Olo], a further new gillespite-group mineral from the Kalahari Manganese Field, South Africa. Mineralogical Magazine, 60, 795-798.
      • Kuruman
        • N'Chwaning Mines
Minerals of South Africa
In the collection of Brent Thorne. Acquired from Rob Lavinsky.
Sweden
 
  • Värmland County
    • Filipstad
Nysten, P., Holtstam, D. and Jonsson, E. (1999) The Långban minerals. In Långban - The mines,their minerals, geology and explorers (D. Holtstam and J. Langhof, eds.), Swedish Museum of Natural History and Raster Förlag, Stockholm & Chr. Weise Verlag, Munich, pp. 89-183.
      • Persberg ore district
        • Pajsberg
Mofjell, E.(1990): Xonotlite, Harstigen. Långbansnytt. vol 6 [reprinted in: Långbansnytt. De första 20 åren 1983-2003. Långbansällskapet - Skrifter och rapporter. 2, 141]; Mofjell, E. (1990): Mineralnytt från Sverige. STEIN 17(4),38
  • Västernorrland County
    • Sundsvall
Sandström, F., Binett, T., Wiklund, C. & Vikström, J. (2010): Alnöområdets geologi och mineralogi. Litiofilen. 27 (2) :14-42
UK
 
  • Northern Ireland
    • Ulster
      • Co. Antrim
        • Glenoe
Henmi, C., Kusachi, I., Henmi, K., Sabine, P.A., and Young, B.R. (1973) A new mineral bicchulite, the natural analogue of gehlenite hydrate, from Fuka, Okayama Prefecture, Japan and Carneal, County Antrim, Northern Ireland, Mineralogical Journal, 7, 243-251.
        • Larne
Tilley, C.E., Harwood, H.F. (1931) The Dolerite-Chalk Contact of Scawt Hill, Co. Antrim. The Production of Basic Alkali-Rocks by the Assimilation of Limestone by Basaltic Magma. Mineralogical Magazine: 22(132): 439-468.
  • Scotland
    • Aberdeenshire
      • Huntly
        • The Bin (Bin of Huntly)
BMS Collection
    • Argyll and Bute
      • Isle of Mull
[Specimen in the Natural History Museum, London]
Dana 6:569
Dana 6:569
    • Highland
      • Ardnamurchan
American Mineralogist 35:1080
      • Glen Urquhart
[Specimen in the Natural History Museum, London]
      • Isle of Skye
        • Trotternish
          • Portree
Sweet, J. M., Bothwell, D. I., & Williams, D. L. (1961). Tacharanite and Other Hydrated Calcium Silicates from Portree, Isle of Skye. Mineral. Mag, 32, 745-53.
USA
 
  • Arizona
    • Gila Co.
      • Dripping Spring Mountains
        • Banner Mining District
          • Christmas
Anthony, J.W., et al (1995), Mineralogy of Arizona, 3rd.ed.: 358, 428; Cesbron, F.P. & S.A. Williams (1980), Apachite and gilalite, two new copper silicates from Christmas, AZ, Mineralogical Magazine: 43: 639-641.; Bob Meyer (2012) Micro Mineral Collector. Friends of Mineralogy National Newsletter 42:10-13
  • California
    • Colusa Co.
      • Coast Ranges
        • Stonyford
Mr. Gail E. Dunning.
    • Mendocino Co.
      • Cloverdale area
        • Russian River
Pabst, Adolf, Gross, E.B., and Alfors, J.T. (1967) Rosenhahnite, a new hydrous calcium silicate from Mendocino County, California. American Mineralogist: 52: 336; Pemberton, H. Earl (1983), Minerals of California; Van Nostrand Reinholt Press: 409.
      • Coastal Range
        • Reeves Place
          • Leech Lake Mountain
Murdoch, Joseph & Robert W. Webb (1966), Minerals of California, Centennial Volume (1866-1966): California Division Mines & Geology Bulletin 189: 390; Pemberton, H. Earl (1983), Minerals of California: 409, 410.
    • Monterey Co.
      • Priest Valley
Murdoch, Joseph & Robert W. Webb (1966), Minerals of California, Centennial Volume (1866-1966): California Division Mines & Geology Bulletin 189: 390.
    • Riverside Co.
      • Crestmore
        • Crestmore quarries
          • Sky Blue Hill
Eakle, Arthur Starr (1917), Minerals associated with the crystalline limestone at Crestmore, Riverside County, California: University of California Department of Geological Sciences Bulletin: 10: 327-360; Eakle, Arthur Starr (1921), Jurupaite, a new mineral: American Mineralogist: 6: 107-109; Woodford, A.O., Crippen, R.A., and Garner, K.B. (1941) Section Across Commercial Quarry, Crestmorre, California. American Mineralogist: 26: 352-381; Daly, John W. (1935), Paragenesis of mineral assemblages at Crestmore, California American Mineralogist: 20: 654; Pemberton, H. Earl (1983), Minerals of California; Van Nostrand Reinholt Press: 409.
    • San Francisco Co.
www.missourigeologists.org/Min-Loc1-2005.pdf.
Murdoch, Joseph & Robert W. Webb (1966), Minerals of California, Centennial Volume (1866-1966): California Division Mines & Geology Bulletin 189: 115, 390.
        • Fort Point
Eakle, Arthur Starr (1901), Mineralogical notes; with chemical analyses by W.T. Schaller: University of California, Department of Geological Science Bulletin: 2: 316; Murdoch, Joseph & Robert W. Webb (1966), Minerals of California, Centennial Volume (1866-1966): California Division Mines & Geology Bulletin 189: 222, 390; Schlocker, J. (1974) Geology of the San Francisco North quadrangle. USGS Professional Paper 782, 109 pp.; Pemberton, H. Earl (1983), Minerals of California; Van Nostrand Reinholt Press: 201-202, 409.
    • Santa Barbara Co.
      • Guadalupe
Pemberton, H. Earl (1983), Minerals of California; Van Nostrand Reinholt Press: 409.
      • Santa Ynez
Hanks, Henry Garber (1888), Pectolite Mining and Scientific Press: 56: 44; Irelan, William, Jr. (1890a), Ninth annual report of the State Mineralogist: California Mining Bureau. Report 9, 352 pp.: 47; Larsen, Esper Signius (1923), The identity of eakleite and xonotlite: American Mineralogist: 8: 181-182; Murdoch, Joseph & Robert W. Webb (1966), Minerals of California, Centennial Volume (1866-1966): California Division Mines & Geology Bulletin 189: 285.
Larsen, Esper Signius (1917), Eakleite, a new mineral from California: American Journal of Science, 4th. series: 43: 464-465; Larsen, Esper Signius (1923), The identity of eakleite and xonotlite: American Mineralogist: 8: 181-182; Murdoch, Joseph & Robert W. Webb (1966), Minerals of California, Centennial Volume (1866-1966): California Division Mines & Geology Bulletin 189: 173, 390.
  • Maryland
    • Montgomery Co.
      • Rockville
[MinRec 30:467]
  • Michigan
    • Keweenaw Co.
      • Lake Superior
AmMin 7:23
  • Minnesota
    • Cook Co.
Schwartz, G.M. (1924) An occurrence of xonotlite in Minnesota. American Mineralogist: 9: 32-33.
  • Missouri
    • Ste. Genevieve Co.
Sherwood, M. D., & Williams, G. A. (1998). Missouri mineral locality index. Rocks & Minerals, 73(2), 98-117.
  • New Jersey
    • Sussex County
      • Franklin Mining District
        • Franklin
Palache(1935):114; Dunn(1995):Pt3:450.
FOMS Millsite Committee (1986) (circa), List of Mineral Species Found on the Franklin Mill Site, Franklin-Ogdensburg Mineralogical Society (unpublished).
Beth Schaefer
  • North Carolina
    • Durham Co.
      • Durham
Kenny Gay message 15.09.2005 Smithsonian Institution Mineral Reference Collection No.171443-00,171453-00,and 171444-00.
  • Puerto Rico
AmMin 38:860
  • Texas
    • Culberson Co.
      • Apache Peak area
Rocks & Minerals: 66(3): 196-224.; Am Min 51:1766-1774
  • Vermont
    • Orleans & Lamoille Cos.
      • Lowell & Eden
Rocks & Min. Vol. 71, (1996)
  • Virginia
    • Loudoun Co.
AmMin 10:12
Minerals of Virginia 1990 by R. V. Dietrich
Minerals of Virginia 1990 by R. V. Dietrich
  • Washington
    • Skagit Co.
      • Cypress Island
Cannon, B. (1975): Minerals of Washington, p.74
Cannon, B. (1975): Minerals of Washington, p.74
        • Triangulation Point
Cannon, B. (1975): Minerals of Washington, p.74
    • Whatcom Co.
Cannon, B. (1975): Minerals of Washington, p.85
Minerals of Washington, B. Cannon, 1975
Minerals of Washington, B. Cannon, 1975
 
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