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Tyrrellite

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About TyrrelliteHide

01515320014946999564705.jpg
Joseph Burr Tyrrell
Formula:
Cu(Co3+,Ni3+)2Se4
Colour:
Bronze
Lustre:
Metallic
Hardness:
Specific Gravity:
6.6
Crystal System:
Isometric
Name:
Informally named by S.C. Robinson in honor of Joseph Burr Tyrrell (November 1, 1858 Weston, Ontario, Canada - August 26, 1957), geologist, Geological Survey of Canada. Tyrrell was an early explorer and surveyor of northern Canada, especially the area between Lake Athabasca and Hudson Bay.

Robinson & Brooker (1952) gave a partial description of an unnamed selenide from Ato Bay (TL2), which according to Harris (1970) was later informally named tyrrellite by Robinson. The name appeared in Hey (1963) and Sendeeva (1964) without explanation. It was formally confirmed as a new species by Harris (1970), who completed the full description of the mineral on material from the Eagle claims (TL1) (Horváth 2003).
Isostructural with:
Se analogue of carrollite and Co analogue of nickeltyrrellite. Unique combination of elements.

Occurs as small grains that look like clausthalite without the cleavage.


Classification of TyrrelliteHide

Approved, 'Grandfathered' (first described prior to 1959)
Approval Year:
1970
First Published:
1970
2/D.01-140
2.DA.05

2 : SULFIDES and SULFOSALTS (sulfides, selenides, tellurides; arsenides, antimonides, bismuthides; sulfarsenites, sulfantimonites, sulfbismuthites, etc.)
D : Metal Sulfides, M: S = 3 :4 and 2:3
A : M:S = 3:4
2.10.1.4

2 : SULFIDES
10 : AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 3:4
3.11.20

3 : Sulphides, Selenides, Tellurides, Arsenides and Bismuthides (except the arsenides, antimonides and bismuthides of Cu, Ag and Au, which are included in Section 1)
11 : Sulphides etc. of Ni

Pronounciation of TyrrelliteHide

Pronounciation:
PlayRecorded byCountry
Jolyon & Katya RalphUnited Kingdom

Physical Properties of TyrrelliteHide

Metallic
Transparency:
Opaque
Colour:
Bronze
Streak:
Black
Hardness:
3½ on Mohs scale
Hardness:
VHN100=343 kg/mm2 - Vickers
Tenacity:
Brittle
Cleavage:
Poor/Indistinct
{001}
Fracture:
Sub-Conchoidal
Density:
6.6 g/cm3 (Measured)    6.59 g/cm3 (Calculated)

Optical Data of TyrrelliteHide

Chemical Properties of TyrrelliteHide

Formula:
Cu(Co3+,Ni3+)2Se4
IMA Formula:
Cu(Co,Ni)2Se4

Crystallography of TyrrelliteHide

Crystal System:
Isometric
Class (H-M):
m3m (4/m 3 2/m) - Hexoctahedral
Space Group:
Fd3m
Cell Parameters:
a = 10.005 Å
Unit Cell V:
1,001.50 ų (Calculated from Unit Cell)
Z:
8
Morphology:
granular

X-Ray Powder DiffractionHide

Powder Diffraction Data:
d-spacingIntensity
5.78 Å(40)
3.54 Å(40)
3.02 Å(60)
2.89 Å(70)
2.50 Å(90)
1.93 Å(60)
1.77 Å(100)
1.51 Å(40)
Comments:
8-1

Type Occurrence of TyrrelliteHide

Synonyms of TyrrelliteHide

Other Language Names for TyrrelliteHide

German:Tyrrellit
Simplified Chinese:硒铜钴矿
Spanish:Tyrrellita
Traditional Chinese:硒銅鈷礦

Relationship of Tyrrellite to other SpeciesHide

Other Members of this group:
Bornhardtite SubgroupA2+D3+2Se4
NickeltyrrelliteCuNi2Se4Iso. m3m (4/m 3 2/m) : Fd3m

Common AssociatesHide

Associated Minerals Based on Photo Data:
3 photos of Tyrrellite associated with ChalcomeniteCuSeO3 · 2H2O
3 photos of Tyrrellite associated with UmangiteCu3Se2
2 photos of Tyrrellite associated with AthabascaiteCu5Se4
2 photos of Tyrrellite associated with BerzelianiteCu2Se
1 photo of Tyrrellite associated with ClausthalitePbSe
1 photo of Tyrrellite associated with GoldAu
1 photo of Tyrrellite associated with Penroseite(Ni,Co,Cu)Se2

Related Minerals - Nickel-Strunz GroupingHide

2.DA.05BornhardtiteCo2+Co3+2Se4Iso. m3m (4/m 3 2/m) : Fd3m
2.DA.05CarrolliteCu(Co,Ni)2S4Iso. m3m (4/m 3 2/m) : Fd3m
2.DA.05Cuproiridsite(Cu,Fe)Ir2S4Iso. m3m (4/m 3 2/m) : Fd3m
2.DA.05Cuprorhodsite(Cu1+0.5Fe3+0.5)Rh3+2S4Iso. m3m (4/m 3 2/m) : Fd3m
2.DA.05DaubréeliteFe2+Cr3+2S4Iso. m3m (4/m 3 2/m) : Fd3m
2.DA.05FletcheriteCu(Ni,Co)2S4Iso. m3m (4/m 3 2/m) : Fd3m
2.DA.05Florensovite(Cu,Zn)Cr1.5Sb0.5S4Iso. m3m (4/m 3 2/m)
2.DA.05GreigiteFe2+Fe3+2S4Iso. m3m (4/m 3 2/m) : Fd3m
2.DA.05InditeFeIn2S4Iso. m3m (4/m 3 2/m) : Fd3m
2.DA.05KalininiteZnCr2S4Iso. m3m (4/m 3 2/m) : Fd3m
2.DA.05LinnaeiteCo2+Co3+2S4Iso. m3m (4/m 3 2/m) : Fd3m
2.DA.05MalaniteCu1+(Ir3+Pt4+)S4Iso.
2.DA.05PolydymiteNi2+Ni3+2S4Iso. m3m (4/m 3 2/m) : Fd3m
2.DA.05SiegeniteCoNi2S4Iso. m3m (4/m 3 2/m) : Fd3m
2.DA.05TrüstedtiteNi3Se4Iso.
2.DA.05ViolariteFe2+Ni3+2S4Iso. m3m (4/m 3 2/m) : Fd3m
2.DA.05XingzhongitePb2+Ir3+2S4Iso.
2.DA.05Ferrorhodsite(Fe,Cu)(Rh,Ir,Pt)2S4Iso.
2.DA.05CadmoinditeCdIn2S4Iso. m3m (4/m 3 2/m) : Fd3m
2.DA.05CuprokalininiteCuCr2S4Iso. m3m (4/m 3 2/m) : Fd3m
2.DA.10RhodostanniteCu1+(Fe2+0.5Sn4+1.5)S4Tet. 4/m : I41/a
2.DA.10ToyohaiteAg1+(Fe2+0.5Sn4+1.5)S4Tet.
2.DA.15BrezinaiteCr3S4Mon. 2/m
2.DA.15Heideite(Fe,Cr)1.15(Ti,Fe)2S4Mon. 2/m
2.DA.20InaglyiteCu3Pb(Ir,Pt)8S16Hex.
2.DA.20KonderiteCu3Pb(Rh,Pt,Ir)8S16Hex. 6/m : P6/m
2.DA.25Kingstonite(Rh,Ir,Pt)3S4Mon. 2/m : B2/m

Related Minerals - Dana Grouping (8th Ed.)Hide

2.10.1.1LinnaeiteCo2+Co3+2S4Iso. m3m (4/m 3 2/m) : Fd3m
2.10.1.2CarrolliteCu(Co,Ni)2S4Iso. m3m (4/m 3 2/m) : Fd3m
2.10.1.3FletcheriteCu(Ni,Co)2S4Iso. m3m (4/m 3 2/m) : Fd3m
2.10.1.5BornhardtiteCo2+Co3+2Se4Iso. m3m (4/m 3 2/m) : Fd3m
2.10.1.6SiegeniteCoNi2S4Iso. m3m (4/m 3 2/m) : Fd3m
2.10.1.7PolydymiteNi2+Ni3+2S4Iso. m3m (4/m 3 2/m) : Fd3m
2.10.1.8ViolariteFe2+Ni3+2S4Iso. m3m (4/m 3 2/m) : Fd3m
2.10.1.9TrüstedtiteNi3Se4Iso.
2.10.1.10GreigiteFe2+Fe3+2S4Iso. m3m (4/m 3 2/m) : Fd3m
2.10.1.11DaubréeliteFe2+Cr3+2S4Iso. m3m (4/m 3 2/m) : Fd3m
2.10.1.12InditeFeIn2S4Iso. m3m (4/m 3 2/m) : Fd3m
2.10.1.13KalininiteZnCr2S4Iso. m3m (4/m 3 2/m) : Fd3m
2.10.1.14Florensovite(Cu,Zn)Cr1.5Sb0.5S4Iso. m3m (4/m 3 2/m)
2.10.1.15Cuproiridsite(Cu,Fe)Ir2S4Iso. m3m (4/m 3 2/m) : Fd3m
2.10.1.16Cuprorhodsite(Cu1+0.5Fe3+0.5)Rh3+2S4Iso. m3m (4/m 3 2/m) : Fd3m
2.10.1.17MalaniteCu1+(Ir3+Pt4+)S4Iso.
2.10.1.20CuprokalininiteCuCr2S4Iso. m3m (4/m 3 2/m) : Fd3m

Related Minerals - Hey's Chemical Index of Minerals GroupingHide

3.11.1HeazlewooditeNi3S2Trig. 3 2 : R3 2
3.11.2Godlevskite(Ni,Fe)9S8Orth. 2 2 2 : C2 2 2
3.11.3MilleriteNiSTrig. 3m : R3m
3.11.4PolydymiteNi2+Ni3+2S4Iso. m3m (4/m 3 2/m) : Fd3m
3.11.5VaesiteNiS2Iso. m3 (2/m 3) : Pa3
3.11.6ShanditeNi3Pb2S2Trig.
3.11.7DonharrisiteNi3HgS3Mon. 2/m : B2/m
3.11.8ViolariteFe2+Ni3+2S4Iso. m3m (4/m 3 2/m) : Fd3m
3.11.9Pentlandite(FexNiy)Σ9S8Iso. m3m (4/m 3 2/m) : Fm3m
3.11.10Bravoite(Fe,Ni)S2Iso. m3 (2/m 3) : Pa3
3.11.11SiegeniteCoNi2S4Iso. m3m (4/m 3 2/m) : Fd3m
3.11.12FletcheriteCu(Ni,Co)2S4Iso. m3m (4/m 3 2/m) : Fd3m
3.11.13Villamaninite(Cu,Ni,Co,Fe)S2Tric.
3.11.14Mäkineniteγ-NiSeTrig.
3.11.15Sederholmitebeta-NiSeHex. 6/mmm (6/m 2/m 2/m) : P63/mmc
3.11.16TrüstedtiteNi3Se4Iso.
3.11.17WilkmaniteNi3Se4Mon.
3.11.18KulleruditeNiSe2Orth. mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m) : Pnnm
3.11.19Penroseite(Ni,Co,Cu)Se2Iso. m3 (2/m 3) : Pa3
3.11.21ImgreiteNiTe (?)Hex.
3.11.22MeloniteNiTe2Trig. 3m (3 2/m) : P3m1
3.11.23KitkaiteNiTeSeTrig. 3m (3 2/m) : P3m1
3.11.24DieneriteNi3AsIso. 4 3m : I4 3d
3.11.25OrceliteNi5-xAs2, x ~ 0.25Hex. 6mm : P63mc
3.11.26MaucheriteNi11As8Tet. 4 2 2 : P41 21 2
3.11.27NickelineNiAsHex. 6/mmm (6/m 2/m 2/m) : P63/mcm
3.11.28RammelsbergiteNiAs2Orth. mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m) : Pnnm
3.11.29PararammelsbergiteNiAs2Orth. mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m) : Pbca
3.11.30Nickelskutterudite(Ni,Co,Fe)As3Iso. m3 (2/m 3) : Im3
3.11.31OregoniteNi2FeAs2Hex.
3.11.32Westerveldite(Fe,Ni,Co)AsOrth.
3.11.33LangisiteCoAsHex. 6 : P63
3.11.34GersdorffiteNiAsSIso. m3 (2/m 3) : Pa3
3.11.35JolliffeiteNiAsSeIso. m3 (2/m 3) : Pa3
3.11.36BreithauptiteNiSbHex. 6/mmm (6/m 2/m 2/m) : P63/mmc
3.11.38UllmanniteNiSbSIso. 2 3 : P21 3
3.11.39WillyamiteCoSbS

Fluorescence of TyrrelliteHide

Not fluorescent

Other InformationHide

Health Risks:
No information on health risks for this material has been entered into the database. You should always treat mineral specimens with care.

References for TyrrelliteHide

Reference List:
Sort by Year (asc) | by Year (desc) | by Author (A-Z) | by Author (Z-A)
ROBINSON, S.C. & BROOKER, E.J. (1952): A cobalt - nickel - copper selenide from the Goldfields district, Saskatchewan, Canada. American Mineralogist 37, 542-544.
HEY, M. (1963) Appendix to the Second Edition of an Index of Mineral Species and Varieties Arranged Chemically. British Museum, London, U.K. (6, 128).
Sindeeva, N.D. (1964) Mineralogy and types of deposits of selenium and tellurium. Interscience Publishers, John Wiley & Sons, New York. (77-78).
HARRIS, D.C. (1970): New data on tyrrellite. Canadian Mineralogist 10, 731-736.

Internet Links for TyrrelliteHide

Localities for TyrrelliteHide

This map shows a selection of localities that have latitude and longitude coordinates recorded. Click on the symbol to view information about a locality. The symbol next to localities in the list can be used to jump to that position on the map.

Locality ListHide

- This locality has map coordinates listed. - This locality has estimated coordinates. ⓘ - Click for further information on this occurrence. ? - Indicates mineral may be doubtful at this locality. - Good crystals or important locality for species. - World class for species or very significant. (TL) - Type Locality for a valid mineral species. (FRL) - First Recorded Locality for everything else (eg varieties). Struck out - Mineral was erroneously reported from this locality. Faded * - Never found at this locality but inferred to have existed at some point in the past (eg from pseudomorphs.)

All localities listed without proper references should be considered as questionable.
Argentina
 
  • La Rioja Province
    • General Lamadrid department
      • Villa Castelli
        • Sierra de Cacho
Milka K. de Brodtkorb (2002) Las Especies Minerales de la Republica Argentina. Vol. 1 (elements, sulphides and sulphosalts). (Asociacion Mineralogica Argentina); de Brodtkorb, M. K., & Crosta, S. (2010). Reseña de la ubicación geográfica de los seleniuros de la Sierra de Umango, provincia de La Rioja. Revista de la Asociación Geológica Argentina, 67(2), 272-279.; Grundmann, G., & Förster, H. J. (2018). The Sierra de Cacheuta Vein-Type Se Mineralization, Mendoza Province, Argentina. Minerals, 8(4), 127.; Paar, W.H., Topa, D., Roberts, A.C., Criddle, A.J., Amann, G., Sureda, R.J. (2002): The new mineral species brodtkorbite, Cu2HgSe2, and the associated selenide assemblage from Tumiñico, Sierra de Cacho, La Rioja, Argentina. Can. Mineral.: 40(1): 225–237
Paar, W.H. et al (1996) Revista de la Asociacion Geologica Argentina, 51, #4, 304-312.
  • Mendoza Province
    • Luján de Cuyo department
      • Cacheuta
Grundmann, G., & Förster, H. J. (2018). The Sierra de Cacheuta Vein-Type Se Mineralization, Mendoza Province, Argentina. Minerals, 8(4), 127.
Canada (TL)
 
  • Saskatchewan
    • Beaverlodge Lake area
ROBINSON, S.C. & BROOKER, E.J. (1952): A cobalt - nickel - copper selenide from the Goldfields district, Saskatchewan, Canada. American Mineralogist 37, 542-544. HARRIS, D.C. (1970): New data on tyrrellite. Canadian Mineralogist 10, 731-736. ; ROBINSON, S.C. & BROOKER, E.J. (1952): A cobalt - nickel - copper selenide from the Goldfields district, Saskatchewan, Canada. American Mineralogist 37, 542-544. HARRIS, D.C. (1970): New data on tyrrellite. Canadian Mineralogist 10, 731-736.
      • Goldfields District
        • Beaverlodge Lake
ROBINSON, S.C. & BROOKER, E.J. (1952): A cobalt - nickel - copper selenide from the Goldfields district, Saskatchewan, Canada. American Mineralogist 37, 542-544. HARRIS, D.C. (1970): New data on tyrrellite. Canadian Mineralogist 10, 731-736.
Collected and analyzed by Gunnar Farber.
Econ Geol (1997) 92:468-484
Czech Republic
 
  • Plzeň Region
    • Plzeň-South District
      • Spálené Poříčí
Scharm, B. & Scharmová, M. (2000) Accessory minerals of siliceous rocks from the Kokšín hill near Mítov (Barrandian Neoproterozoic). Bulletin of Geosciences, 75(3), 307-318.
  • South Bohemian Region
    • Písek District
      • Kovářov
        • Předbořice
W. H. Paar, D. Topa, E. Makovický, F. J. Culetto: "Milotaite, PdSbSe, a new palladium mineral, from Předbořice, Czech Republic", The Canadian Mineralogist 43, 689-694 (2005); Bindi, L., Förster, H. J., Grundmann, G., Keutsch, F., & Stanley, C. (2016). Petříčekite, CuSe2, a New Member of the Marcasite Group from the Předbořice Deposit, Central Bohemia Region, Czech Republic. Minerals, 6(2), 33.
  • Vysočina Region
    • Žďár nad Sázavou District
      • Nové Město na Moravě
Kvaček, M.: Selenides from the deposits of Western Moravia, Czechoslovakia – Part II. Acta Universitatis Carolinae – Geologica, 1979, vol. 23, nos. 1-2, s. 15-38. ; Econ Geol (1997) 92:468-484
Vavřín, I.: Nové poznatky o selenidech Českého masívu. Bulletin Mineralogicko-petrografického oddělení Národního muzea v Praze, 1994, roč. 2, s. 82-89.
      • Rožná
        • Rožná deposit
Vavřín, I.: Nové poznatky o selenidech Českého masívu. Bulletin Mineralogicko-petrografického oddělení Národního muzea v Praze, 1994, roč. 2, s. 82-89. ; Econ Geol (1997) 92:468-484
Kvaček, M.: Selenides from the deposits of Western Moravia, Czechoslovakia – Part II. Acta Universitatis Carolinae – Geologica, 1979, vol. 23, nos. 1-2, s. 15-38.
DR Congo
 
  • Lualaba
    • Kolwezi mining district
      • Kolwezi
Wilson, W. E. (2018) The Musonoi mine, Kolwezi District, Lualaba Province, Democratic Republic of the Congo. Mineralogical Record 49:236-304
Germany
 
  • Bavaria
    • Upper Palatinate
Seeliger, E. & Strunz, H. (1965): Erzpetrographie der Uranmineralien von Wölsendorf. II. Brannerit, Lermontovit(?), Selen und Selenide, Ni- and Bi-Begleitmineralien etc. Neues Jahrbuch für Mineralogie, Abhandlungen 103, 163-178.; Dill, H. G., & Weber, B. (2010). Accessory minerals of fluorite and their implication regarding the environment of formation (Nabburg–Wölsendorf fluorite district, SE Germany), with special reference to fetid fluorite (“Stinkspat”). Ore Geology Reviews, 37(2), 65-86.
Weiss: "Mineralfundstellen, Deutschland West", Weise (Munich), 1990
  • Saxony-Anhalt
    • Harz
      • Gernrode
        • Rieder
Heider, J. & Siemroth, J. (2012): Die Selenidmineralisation im Grauwacke-Tagebau Rieder bei Gernrode, Harz. Aufschluss, 63, 213-223.
Spain
 
  • Castile and Leon
    • León
      • Cármenes (Villamanín)
        • Villanueva de Pontedo
Econ Geol (1997) 92:468-484
UK
 
  • England
    • Devon
      • Torbay
        • Torquay
[Camm, 1995, 71 - "Gold in the Counties of Cornwall and Devon"]; C. J. Stanley, A. J. Criddle and D. Lloyd (1990) Precious and Base Metal Selenide Mineralization at Hope's Nose, Torquay, Devon. Mineralogical Magazine 54:485-493
 
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