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Osbornite

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Formula:
TiN
Colour:
golden yellow
Lustre:
Metallic
Hardness:
Crystal System:
Isometric
Name:
Named for George Osborne, Bustee Station, India, who provided the meteorite in which the species was found, in the mid 1800s.
A very rare natural nitride, originally formed in star dust and now almost exclusively found in meteorites.

Synthetic titanium nitride is a very important high-performance ceramic.


Hide all sections | Show all sections

Classification of OsborniteHide

Approved, 'Grandfathered' (first described prior to 1959)
First Published:
1870
1.BC.15

1 : ELEMENTS (Metals and intermetallic alloys; metalloids and nonmetals; carbides, silicides, nitrides, phosphides)
B : Metallic Carbides, Silicides, Nitrides and Phosphides
C : Nitrides
Dana 7th ed.:
1.1.28.1
1.1.19.1

1 : NATIVE ELEMENTS AND ALLOYS
1 : Metals, other than the Platinum Group
2.3

2 : Carbides, Nitrides, Silicides and Phosphides

Physical Properties of OsborniteHide

Metallic
Transparency:
Opaque
Colour:
golden yellow
Streak:
yellow
Hardness:
8½ on Mohs scale
Hardness:
VHN20=1372 kg/mm2 - Vickers
Tenacity:
Brittle

Optical Data of OsborniteHide

Type:
Isotropic

Chemical Properties of OsborniteHide

Formula:
TiN

Crystallography of OsborniteHide

Crystal System:
Isometric
Class (H-M):
m3m (4/m 3 2/m) - Hexoctahedral
Space Group:
Fm3m
Setting:
F4/m 3 2/m
Cell Parameters:
a = 4.24173 Å
Unit Cell V:
76.32 ų (Calculated from Unit Cell)
Z:
4
Comment:
on synthetic material

X-Ray Powder DiffractionHide

Powder Diffraction Data:
d-spacingIntensity
2.1207 (100)
2.4492 (72)
1.4997 (45)
1.2789 (19)
0.9485 (14)
1.2245 (12)
0.8658 (12)

Type Occurrence of OsborniteHide

General Appearance of Type Material:
octahedra to 0.1mm
Place of Conservation of Type Material:
The Natural History Museum, London, England, 32100.
Geological Setting of Type Material:
inclusions in oldhamite in aubrite meteorite
Associated Minerals at Type Locality:

Other Language Names for OsborniteHide

German:Osbornit
Simplified Chinese:陨氮钛石
奥斯朋矿
Spanish:Osbornita

Common AssociatesHide

Related Minerals - Nickel-Strunz GroupingHide

1.BC.UM2007-16-N:TiTi7N3
1.BC.05Roaldite(Fe,Ni)4N
1.BC.10SiderazotFe5N2Hex.
1.BC.15CarlsbergiteCrN
1.BC.20Unnamed (Gallium Nitride)GaNHex. 6mm : P63mc

Related Minerals - Dana Grouping (8th Ed.)Hide

1.1.19.2Khamrabaevite(Ti,V,Fe)C
1.1.19.2NisniteNi3SnIso. m3m (4/m 3 2/m) : Pm3m

Related Minerals - Hey's Chemical Index of Minerals GroupingHide

2.1MoissaniteSiCHex. 6mm : P63mc
2.2SinoiteSi2N2OOrth.
2.4TongbaiteCr3C2Orth.
2.5CarlsbergiteCrN
2.6SiderazotFe5N2Hex.
2.7GupeiiteFe3SiIso.
2.8XifengiteFe5Si3Hex. 6/mmm (6/m 2/m 2/m) : P63/mcm
2.9Khamrabaevite(Ti,V,Fe)C
2.10Haxonite(Fe,Ni)23C6Iso. m3m (4/m 3 2/m) : Fm3m
2.11CoheniteFe3COrth.
2.12Roaldite(Fe,Ni)4N
2.13Suessite(Fe,Ni)3Si
2.14Schreibersite(Fe,Ni)3PTet. 4 : I4
2.15Barringerite(Fe,Ni)2PHex. 6 m2 : P62m
2.16Perryite(Ni,Fe)5(Si,P)2Trig.

Other InformationHide

Health Risks:
No information on health risks for this material has been entered into the database. You should always treat mineral specimens with care.

References for OsborniteHide

Reference List:
Sort by Year (asc) | by Year (desc) | by Author (A-Z) | by Author (Z-A)
Maskelyne, N.S. (1870) On the mineral constituents of meteorites. Proceedings of the Royal Society of London: 18: 146-157.
Bannister, F.A. (1941) Osbornite, meteoritic titanium nitride. Mineralogical Magazine: 26: 36-44.
Palache, C., Berman, H., Frondel, C. (1944) The System of Mineralogy of James Dwight Dana and Edward Salisbury Dana Yale University 1837-1892, Volume I: Elements, Sulfides, Sulfosalts, Oxides. John Wiley and Sons, Inc., New York. 7th edition, revised and enlarged, 834pp.: 124.
Khodakovsky, I.L., Petaev, M.I. (1981) Thermodinamicheskie svoict va I usloviya obrazovaniya osbornita, sinoita i karlsbergita v meteoritakh. Geokhimiya: 3: 329-340.
Journal of Applied Crystallography (1996): 471.
Li, X.J., Kobayashi, T., Sekine, T. (2004) Stability of TiN and fast synthesis of rutile from TiN and CuO by shock compression. Solid State Communications: 130: 79-82.

Internet Links for OsborniteHide

Localities for OsborniteHide

This map shows a selection of localities that have latitude and longitude coordinates recorded. Click on the symbol to view information about a locality. The symbol next to localities in the list can be used to jump to that position on the map.

Locality ListHide

- This locality has map coordinates listed. - This locality has estimated coordinates. ⓘ - Click for further information on this occurrence. ? - Indicates mineral may be doubtful at this locality. - Good crystals or important locality for species. - World class for species or very significant. (TL) - Type Locality for a valid mineral species. (FRL) - First Recorded Locality for everything else (eg varieties). Struck out - Mineral was erroneously reported from this locality. Faded * - Never found at this locality but inferred to have existed at some point in the past (eg from pseudomorphs.)

All localities listed without proper references should be considered as questionable.
Algeria
 
  • Adrar Province
McCoy, T. J. et al. (1995) Origin and history of impact-melt rocks of enstatite chondrite parentage: Geochimica et Cosmochimica Acta 59 (1): 161-175. (Feb 1995)
Antarctica
 
  • Eastern Antarctica
    • Queen Maud Land
      • Queen Fabiola Mts (Yamato Mts)
Nakamura-Messenger et al., (2011) The Formation of Wassonite: A New Titanium Monosulfide Mineral in the Yamato 691 Enstatite Chondrite: Workshop on Formation of the First Solids in the Solar System: LPI Contribution No. 1639, p. 9091. (Nov 2011)
    • Victoria Land
      • Allan Hills
Edward R. D. Scott (1988). A New Kind of Primitive Chondrite: Allan Hills 85085. Abstracts of the Lunar and Planetary Science Conference, vol. 19, p. 1049.
Australia
 
  • Western Australia
    • Coolgardie Shire
      • Kambalda
Buseck, P. R. & Holdsworth, E. F. (1972) Mineralogy and Petrology of the Yilmia Enstatite Chondrite, Meteoritics 7 (4): p. 429. (Dec 1972)
Brazil
 
Parthasarathy, G., Haggerty, S. E., & Kunvar, A. C. (2005). Nano-crystalline osbornite from Carbonados: Spectroscopic studies. Geochim Cosmochim Acta, 69, A521.
Canada
 
  • Alberta
    • Abee
Ramdohr, P. (1973). The Opaque Minerals in Stony Meteorites. Elsevier Publishing Company: Amsterdam; London: New York. 245 pages.
China
 
  • Tibet Autonomous Region
    • Shannan Prefecture (Lhokha Prefecture; Lhoka Prefecture)
      • Qusum Co. (Qusong Co.)
        • Luobusha ophiolite ("Luobusa ophiolite")
          • Luobusha Mine ("Luobusa" Mine)
Dobrzhinetskaya, L.F., Wirth, R., Yang, J., Green, H.W., Hutcheon, I.D., Weber, P.K. and Grew, E.S. (2014): Qingsongite, natural cubic boron nitride: The first boron mineral from the Earth’s mantle. American Mineralogist. 99, 764-772
Estonia
 
  • Viljandi Co.
    • Vohma
      • Pillistfer (Pilistvere)
Ramdohr, P. (1973). The Opaque Minerals in Stony Meteorites. Elsevier Publishing Company: Amsterdam; London: New York. 245 pages.
Finland
 
  • Southwestern Finland Region
    • Huittinen
Ramdohr, P. 1973. the opaque Minerals in Stony Meteorites. Elsevier publishin Company, Amsterdam, sivut 82 ja 90.; Kinsey, L. K., McCoy, T. J., Keil, K., Bogard, D. D., Garrison, D. H., Kehm, K., ... & Casanova, I. (1995, March). Petrology, chemistry and chronology of an impact-melt clast in the Hvittis EL6 chondrite. In Lunar and Planetary Science Conference (Vol. 26).
India (TL)
 
  • Uttar Pradesh
    • Basti Division
      • Basti District
        • Gorakhpur
Min Mag 26 (1941), 36
Pakistan
 
  • Punjab
Ramdohr, P. (1973). The Opaque Minerals in Stony Meteorites. Elsevier Publishing Company: Amsterdam; London: New York. 245 pages.
    • Sargodha District
Lavrentjeva, Z. A. (2001) Elemental Composition of Accessory Minerals from Adhi Kot EH4 Chondrite, Lunar and Planetary Science XXXII: Houston, Texas, abs. #1022. (March 2001)
Russia
 
  • Urals Region
    • Southern Urals
      • Bashkortostan Republic (Bashkiria Republic)
Grokhovsky, V. I. (2006). Osbornite in CB/CH-like Carbonaceous Chondrite Isheyevo. Meteoritics & Planetary Science 41 (8, Supplement): A68, pdf#5231. (Aug 2006)
      • Kurganskaya Oblast'
Brian Mason (1966). Geochemistry and Meteorites. Geochimica et Cosmochimica Acta 30,#4, 365-374.
Sudan
 
  • Kassala Wilayah
    • Gash delta
Klaus Keil (1969). Titanum distribution in enstatite chondrites and achondrites, and its bearing on their origin. Earth and Planetary Science Letters, Vol. 7, #3, 243-248.
USA
 
  • Louisiana
    • Winn Parish
Ramdohr, P. (1973). The Opaque Minerals in Stony Meteorites. Elsevier Publishing Company: Amsterdam; London: New York. 245 pages.
  • South Carolina
    • Lee Co.
      • Bishopville
Watters, T. R. & Prinz, M (1979) Aubrites - Their origin and relationship to enstatite chondrites. In: Lunar and Planetary Science Conference, 10th, Houston, Tex., March 19-23, 1979, Proceedings. Volume 1. (A80-23557 08-91) New York, Pergamon Press, Inc., 1979, p. 1073-1093.
  • Texas
    • Armstrong Co.
McCoyet al., (1995) Origin and history of impact-melt rocks of enstatite chondrite parentage, Geochimica et Cosmochimica Acta 59 (1):161-175. (Jan 1995)
Outer Space
 
www.llnl.gov/pao/news/news_releases/2006/NR-06-12-03.html (Lawrence Livermore National Laboratories).; Ishii, H. A., Bradley, J. P., Dai, Z. R., Chi, M., Kearsley, A. T., Burchell, M. J., ... & Molster, F. (2008). Comparison of comet 81P/Wild 2 dust with interplanetary dust from comets. Science, 319(5862), 447-450.
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