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Empressite

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About EmpressiteHide

Formula:
AgTe
Colour:
light bronze
Lustre:
Metallic
Hardness:
3 - 3½
Specific Gravity:
7.61
Crystal System:
Orthorhombic
Name:
For the type locality, the Empress Josephine Mine, Colorado.
Related to stützite.


Classification of EmpressiteHide

Approved, 'Grandfathered' (first described prior to 1959)
2.CB.80

2 : SULFIDES and SULFOSALTS (sulfides, selenides, tellurides; arsenides, antimonides, bismuthides; sulfarsenites, sulfantimonites, sulfbismuthites, etc.)
C : Metal Sulfides, M: S = 1: 1 (and similar)
B : With Zn, Fe, Cu, Ag, etc.
2.8.25.

2 : SULFIDES
8 : AmXp, with m:p = 1:1
3.2.6

3 : Sulphides, Selenides, Tellurides, Arsenides and Bismuthides (except the arsenides, antimonides and bismuthides of Cu, Ag and Au, which are included in Section 1)
2 : Sulphides etc. of Ag

Physical Properties of EmpressiteHide

Metallic
Transparency:
Opaque
Colour:
light bronze
Comment:
Tarnishes darker bronze
Streak:
grey-black to black
Hardness:
3 - 3½ on Mohs scale
Hardness:
VHN25=135 - 151 kg/mm2 - Vickers
Tenacity:
Brittle
Cleavage:
None Observed
Fracture:
Irregular/Uneven, Sub-Conchoidal
Density:
7.61 g/cm3 (Measured)    7.61 g/cm3 (Calculated)

Optical Data of EmpressiteHide

Type:
Anisotropic
Anisotropism:
strong - gray to yellowish white to grasyish blue
Bireflectance:
moderate to strong
Colour in reflected light:
greyish white
Pleochroism:
Strong
Comments:
Gray to creamy white

Chemical Properties of EmpressiteHide

Formula:
AgTe
Common Impurities:
Pb,Cu,Fe,S

Crystallography of EmpressiteHide

Crystal System:
Orthorhombic
Class (H-M):
mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m) - Dipyramidal
Cell Parameters:
a = 8.90 Å, b = 20.07 Å, c = 4.62 Å
Ratio:
a:b:c = 0.443 : 1 : 0.23
Unit Cell V:
825.24 ų (Calculated from Unit Cell)
Z:
16
Morphology:
Compact granular masses, rarely in crystals

Geological EnvironmentHide

Geological Setting:
Low temperature, gold poor, hydrothermal veins

Type Occurrence of EmpressiteHide

Other Language Names for EmpressiteHide

German:Empressit
Simplified Chinese: 粒碲银矿
Spanish:Empressita

Common AssociatesHide

HessiteAg2Te
PetziteAg3AuTe2
PyriteFeS2
RickarditeCu7Te5
Associated Minerals Based on Photo Data:
4 photos of Empressite associated with TelluriumTe
3 photos of Empressite associated with RodalquilariteFe2(TeO2OH)3(TeO3)Cl
2 photos of Empressite associated with AltaitePbTe
1 photo of Empressite associated with EmmonsiteFe3+2(TeO3)3 · 2H2O
1 photo of Empressite associated with PyriteFeS2
1 photo of Empressite associated with SilverAg

Related Minerals - Nickel-Strunz GroupingHide

2.CB.AgmantiniteAg2MnSnS4Orth.
2.CB.05aColoradoiteHgTeIso. m3m (4/m 3 2/m)
2.CB.05aHawleyiteCdSIso. 4 3m : F4 3m
2.CB.05aMetacinnabarHgSIso. 4 3m : F4 3m
2.CB.05cPolhemusite(Zn,Hg)STet.
2.CB.05bSakuraiite(Cu,Zn,Fe)3(In,Sn)S4Iso.
2.CB.05aSphaleriteZnSIso. 4 3m : F4 3m
2.CB.05aStilleiteZnSeIso. 4 3m : F4 3m
2.CB.05aTiemanniteHgSeIso. 4 3m : F4 3m
2.CB.05UM1998-15-S:CuFeZnCu2Fe3Zn5S10
2.CB.05aRudashevskyite(Fe,Zn)SIso. 4 3m : F4 3m
2.CB.10aChalcopyriteCuFeS2Tet. 4 2m : I4 2d
2.CB.10aEskeborniteCuFeSe2Tet.
2.CB.10aGalliteCuGaS2Tet. 4 2m : I4 2d
2.CB.10bHaycockiteCu4Fe5S8Orth. 2 2 2
2.CB.10aLenaiteAgFeS2Tet. 4 2m : I4 2d
2.CB.10bMooihoekiteCu9Fe9S16Tet.
2.CB.10bPutoraniteCu1.1Fe1.2S2Iso.
2.CB.10aRoquesiteCuInS2Tet. 4 2m : I4 2d
2.CB.10bTalnakhiteCu9(Fe,Ni)8S16Iso. 4 3m : I4 3m
2.CB.10aLaforêtiteAgInS2Tet. 4 2m : I4 2d
2.CB.15aČernýiteCu2(Cd,Zn,Fe)SnS4Tet. 4 2m : I4 2m
2.CB.15aFerrokësteriteCu2FeSnS4Tet. 4 : I4
2.CB.15aHocartiteAg2(Fe2+,Zn)SnS4Tet. 4 2m : I4 2m
2.CB.15aIdaiteCu5FeS6Hex.
2.CB.15aKësterite Cu2ZnSnS4Tet. 4 : I4
2.CB.15aKuramiteCu3SnS4Tet.
2.CB.15bMohiteCu2SnS3Mon.
2.CB.15aPirquitasiteAg2ZnSnS4Tet. 4 : I4
2.CB.15aStanniteCu2FeSnS4Tet. 4 2m : I4 2m
2.CB.15cStannoiditeCu+6Cu2+2(Fe2+,Zn)3Sn2S12Orth.
2.CB.15aVelikiteCu2HgSnS4Tet.
2.CB.15cUM2006-11-S:CuFeGeZnCu8(Fe,Zn)3Ge2S12 (?)
2.CB.20ChatkaliteCu6FeSn2S8Tet. 4 2m : P4m2
2.CB.20MawsoniteCu6Fe2SnS8Tet. 4 2m : P4m2
2.CB.30ColusiteCu13VAs3S16Iso. 4 3m : P4 3n
2.CB.30GermaniteCu13Fe2Ge2S16Iso. 4 3m : P4 3n
2.CB.30GermanocolusiteCu26V2(Ge,As)6S32Iso.
2.CB.30NekrasoviteCu26V2(Sn,As,Sb)6S32Iso.
2.CB.30StibiocolusiteCu13V(Sb,Sn,As)3S16Iso.
2.CB.30Ovamboite Cu20(Fe,Cu,Zn)6W2Ge6S32Iso.
2.CB.30MaikainiteCu20(Fe,Cu)6Mo2Ge6S32Iso. m3m (4/m 3 2/m)
2.CB.35aHemusiteCu6SnMoS8Iso.
2.CB.35aKiddcreekiteCu6SnWS8Iso. 4 3m : F4 3m
2.CB.35aPolkovicite(Fe,Pb)3(Ge,Fe)1-xS4Iso.
2.CB.35aRenierite(Cu1+,Zn)11Fe4(Ge4+,As5+)2S16Tet. 4 2m : P4 2c
2.CB.35aVincienniteCu+7Cu2+3Fe2+2Fe3+2Sn(As,Sb)S16Tet.
2.CB.35aMorozeviczite(Pb,Fe)3Ge1-xS4Iso.
2.CB.35bCatamarcaiteCu6GeWS8Hex. 6mm : P63mc
2.CB.40LautiteCuAsSOrth. mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m) : Pnma
2.CB.45CadmoseliteCdSeHex. 6mm : P63mc
2.CB.45GreenockiteCdSHex. 6mm : P63mc
2.CB.45Wurtzite(Zn,Fe)SHex. 6mm : P63mc
2.CB.45RambergiteMnSHex. 6mm : P63mc
2.CB.45Buseckite(Fe,Zn,Mn)SHex. 6mm : P63mc
2.CB.55aCubaniteCuFe2S3Orth. mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m)
2.CB.55bIsocubaniteCuFe2S3Iso. m3m (4/m 3 2/m) : Fm3m
2.CB.60PicotpauliteTlFe2S3Orth. mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m) : Cmcm
2.CB.60RaguiniteTlFeS2Orth.
2.CB.65ArgentopyriteAgFe2S3Mon. 2/m
2.CB.65SternbergiteAgFe2S3Orth. mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m)
2.CB.70SulvaniteCu3VS4Iso.
2.CB.75VulcaniteCuTeOrth.
2.CB.85MuthmanniteAuAgTe2Mon. 2/m : P2/m

Related Minerals - Hey's Chemical Index of Minerals GroupingHide

3.2.1AcanthiteAg2SMon. 2/m : P21/m
3.2.3NaumanniteAg2SeOrth. 2 2 2 : P21 21 21
3.2.4AguilariteAg4SeSMon. 2/m
3.2.5HessiteAg2TeMon. 2/m : P21/b
3.2.7StütziteAg5-xTe3, x = 0.24-0.36Hex. 6 : P6
3.2.8CervelleiteAg4TeSMon. 2/m
3.2.9DervilliteAg2AsS2Mon. 2/m : P2/b
3.2.10StromeyeriteAgCuSOrth. mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m)
3.2.11MckinstryiteAg5-xCu3+xS4Orth. mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m) : Pnma
3.2.12JalpaiteAg3CuS2Tet.
3.2.13EucairiteAgCuSeOrth.
3.2.14CameroniteCu5-x(Cu,Ag)3+xTe10 (x = 0.43)Mon. 2/m : B2/b
3.2.15Henryite(Cu,Ag)3+xTe2 , with x ~ 0.40 Iso. m3m (4/m 3 2/m) : Fd3c
3.2.16SternbergiteAgFe2S3Orth. mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m)
3.2.17ArgentopyriteAgFe2S3Mon. 2/m
3.2.18Geffroyite(Cu,Fe,Ag)9(Se,S)8Iso. m3m (4/m 3 2/m) : Fm3m
3.2.19ArgentopentlanditeAg(Fe,Ni)8S8Iso. m3m (4/m 3 2/m) : Fm3m

Other InformationHide

Health Risks:
No information on health risks for this material has been entered into the database. You should always treat mineral specimens with care.

References for EmpressiteHide

Reference List:
Sort by Year (asc) | by Year (desc) | by Author (A-Z) | by Author (Z-A)
Bradley (1914), American Journal of Science: 38: 163.
Schaller (1914), Washington Academy of Science Journal: 4: 497.
Bradley (1915), American Journal of Science: 39: 223.
Palache, Charles, Harry Berman & Clifford Frondel (1944), The System of Mineralogy of James Dwight Dana and Edward Salisbury Dana Yale University 1837-1892, Volume I: Elements, Sulfides, Sulfosalts, Oxides. John Wiley and Sons, Inc., New York. 7th edition, revised and enlarged: 260.
Thompson, R.M., M.A. Peacock, J.F. Rowland, and L.G. Berry (1951): Empressite and “stuetzite”. Am. Mineral., 36, 458-469.
Honea, R.M. (1964) Empressite and stuetzite redefined. American Mineralogist 49, 325-328.
Cabri, L.J. (1965) Discussion of “empressite and stuetzite redefined” by R.M. Honea. Am. Mineral., 50, 795-801.
Stumpfl, E.F. and J. Rucklidge (1968) New data on natural phases in the system Ag–Te. American Mineralogist 53, 1513–1522.
Criddle, A.J. and C.J. Stanley, Editors. (1993) Quantitative data file for ore minerals, 3rd ed. Chapman & Hall, London, 154.
Bindi, L., P.G. Spry, and C. Cipriani (2004) Empressite, AgTe, from the Empress-Josephine mine, Colorado, U.S.A.: composition, physical properties, and determinatioon of the crystal structure. American Mineralogist 89, 1043-1047.

Internet Links for EmpressiteHide

Localities for EmpressiteHide

This map shows a selection of localities that have latitude and longitude coordinates recorded. Click on the symbol to view information about a locality. The symbol next to localities in the list can be used to jump to that position on the map.

Locality ListHide

- This locality has map coordinates listed. - This locality has estimated coordinates. ⓘ - Click for further information on this occurrence. ? - Indicates mineral may be doubtful at this locality. - Good crystals or important locality for species. - World class for species or very significant. (TL) - Type Locality for a valid mineral species. (FRL) - First Recorded Locality for everything else (eg varieties). Struck out - Mineral was erroneously reported from this locality. Faded * - Never found at this locality but inferred to have existed at some point in the past (eg from pseudomorphs.)

All localities listed without proper references should be considered as questionable.
Armenia
 
  • Kotayk Province
    • Hrazdan
Kovalenker, V. A., Zalibekyan, M. A., Laputina, I. P., Malov, V. S., Sandomirskaya, S. M., Garas' ko, M. I., & Mkhitaryan, D. I. (1990). Sulfide-telluride mineralization of the Megradzor ore field, Armenia. International Geology Review, 32(7), 705-720.
Australia
 
  • South Australia
    • Mt Lofty Ranges
      • South Mt Lofty Ranges (Adelaide Hills)
        • Williamstown
          • Barossa and Para Wirra Goldfields
            • Humbug Scrub Diggings
Griessmann, M. (2011). Gold mineralisation in the Adelaide fold belt. PhD Thesis University of Adelaide.
Austria
 
  • Salzburg
    • Zell am See District
      • Mittersill
        • Haidbachgraben
S.Schwabl (2016); Melcher, F., Onuk, P., Schwabl, S., Zimmermann, M. & Aiglsperger, T. (2019): Rhenium sulphides and platinum-group minerals at Haidbach/Pinzgau – recent results. Mitteilungen der Österreichischen Mineralogischen Gesellschaft 165, 64 (abs.).
  • Styria
    • Murau District
      • Neumarkt in der Steiermark
        • Dürnstein
Auer, Ch. (2019): 2136) Seltene Erzeinschlüsse vom Manganvorkommen bei Dürnstein in der Steiermark - ein Vorbericht. p. 298-301 in Walter, F. et al. (2019): Neue Mineralfunde aus Österreich LXVIII. Carinthia II, 209./129., 237-326.
Bulgaria
 
  • Pazardzhik Province
    • Panagyurishte
      • Panagyurishte
Cioacă, M. E., Ivanov, D., Iorga-Pavel, A., Stoilov, V., Milu, V., Barbu, O., ... & Munteanu, M. (2018). Au-Ag-Bi mineralization at the Assarel porphyry copper deposit (Srednogorie metallogenic zone, Bulgaria). Advances of Geology in southeast European mountain belts, 276.
  • Sofia Province
    • Zlatitsa Obshtina
      • Zlatitsa
K. Bogdanov, A. Filipov, R. Kehayov (2005): Au-Ag-Te-Se minerals in the Elatsite porphyry-copper deposit, Bulgaria. Geochemistry, Mineralogy and Petrology, 43, 13-19.
Canada
 
  • British Columbia
    • Omenica Mining Division
R. M. Thompson (1954) Mineral occurrences in Western Canada. American Mineralogist 39:525-528; British Columbia Geological Survey, Minfile database.
      • Lindquist Lake
Roberts, J. (2017). Telluride mineralogy at the Deer Horn Au-Ag-Te-(Bi-Pb-W) deposit, Lindquist Peak, west-central British Columbia: implications for the generation of tellurides (MS dissertation, University of British Columbia).
  • Ontario
    • Sudbury District
      • Levack Township
Canadian Mineralogist Vol. 17, pp.275-285 (1979); Ames, D.E., Kjarsgaard, I.M., and Douma, S.L., 2003, Sudbury Ni-Cu-PGE Ore Mineralogy Compilation: Sudbury Targeted Geoscience Initiative (TGI): Geological Survey of Canada, Open File 1787
      • MacLennan Township
Ames, D.E., Kjarsgaard, I.M., and Douma, S.L., (2003), Sudbury Ni-Cu-PGE Ore Mineralogy Compilation: Sudbury Targeted Geoscience Initiative (TGI): Geological Survey of Canada, Open File 1787
      • Wisner Township
Péntek, A., Molnár, F., Tuba, G., Watkinson, D. H., & Jones, P. C. (2013). The significance of partial melting processes in hydrothermal low sulfide Cu-Ni-PGE mineralization within the footwall of the Sudbury Igneous Complex, Ontario, Canada. Economic Geology, 108(1), 59-78.
    • Thunder Bay District
      • Coldwell complex
Mcdonald, A.M., Cabri, L.J., Stanley, C.J., Good, D.J., Redpath, J., Lane, G., Spratt, J. & Ames, D.E. (2015) Coldwellite, Pd3Ag2S, a new mineral species from the Marathon deposit, Coldwell complex, Ontario, Canada. Canadian Mineralogist 53, 1-13.
China
 
  • Hebei
    • Chengde
      • Xinglong County
Yingfu Zhao and Zengyao Lu (2004): Mineral Resources and Geology 18(3), 212-216
  • Heilongjiang
    • Heihe
      • Aihui District
Zhai, D., & Liu, J. (2014). Gold-telluride-sulfide association in the Sandaowanzi epithermal Au-Ag-Te deposit, NE China: implications for phase equilibrium and physicochemical conditions. Mineralogy and Petrology, 108(6), 853-871.; Zhai, D., Liu, J., Ripley, E. M., & Wang, J. (2015). Geochronological and He–Ar–S isotopic constraints on the origin of the Sandaowanzi gold-telluride deposit, northeastern China. Lithos, 212, 338-352.; Zhai, D., Williams-Jones, A. E., Liu, J., Tombros, S. F., & Cook, N. J. (2018) Mineralogical, fluid inclusion, and multiple isotope (HOS-Pb) constraints on the genesis of the Sandaowanzi epithermal Au-Ag-Te deposit, NE China. Economic Geology, 113(6), 1359-1382.
  • Hunan
    • Chenzhou
      • Guiyang Co.
        • Huangshaping Pb-Zn-polymetallic ore field
Weining Zhou (1994): Mineral Resources and Geology 8(4), 233-244; American Mineralogist 89, 1043-1047
  • Jilin
    • Yanbian Chaoxianzu
      • Helong City
Huanchun Duan and Shirong Zhu (1997): Mineral Resources and Geology 11(3), 199-204
Fiji
 
  • Viti Levu
    • Tavua Gold Field
      • Vatukoula
Anthony, Bideaux, Bladh, Nichols: "Handbook of Mineralogy", Vol. 1, 1990; Econ Geol (1987) 82:345-370
Finland
 
  • Lapland
    • Sodankylä
      • Kevitsansarvi (Keivitsansarvi)
mutanen Tapani 1997. Geology and ore petrology of Akanvaara nd Koitelainen mafic layered intrusions and the Keivitsa -satovaara layered complex, Northern Finland. Geological Survey of Finland, bulletin 395. 233s.
Greece
 
  • Central Greece
    • Euboea
      • Euboea Island
Voudouris, P., Spry, P. G., Melfos, V., Haase, K., Klemd, R., Mavrogonatos, C., ... & Alfieris, D. (2018). Gold deposits in Greece: Hypogene ore mineralogy as a guide for precious and critical metal exploration. In Proc. 1st Int. Electr. Conf. Mineral Science (p. 13).
  • Central Macedonia
    • Chalkidiki
      • Aristotelis
        • Cassandra Mines
McFall, K., Roberts, S., Teagle, D., Naden, J., Lusty, P., & Boyce, A. (2016). The origin and distribution of critical metals (Pd, Pt, Te and Se) within the Skouries Cu-Au porphyry deposit, Greece. Applied Earth Science, 125(2), 100-101.
  • East Macedonia and Thrace
    • Evros
      • Alexandroupoli
        • Pefka
Repstock, A. (2011): Ore mineralogical investigation of the Au, Ag, Te, Cu, Pb, Zn-bearing epithermal veins at Pefka mine, western Thrace, northeastern Greece. Unpubl. Diploma Thesis, University of Hamburg, Germany, 97 pp. (in German).
Japan
 
  • Shizuoka Prefecture
    • Shimoda City
      • Rendaiji
Takasu (1965) Kobutsu-Gaku Zasshi (Journal of the Mineralogical Society of Japan), 7, 350-355.; Int Geol Congr (2008) Oslo. MRD-09
Mexico
 
  • Sonora
    • Moctezuma Municipality
Marcus Origleri
Norway
 
  • Nordland
    • Fauske
      • Sulitjelma
        • Sulitjelma Copper Mines
Cook, N. J. (1996): Mineralogy of the sulphide deposits at Sulitjelma, northern Norway. Ore Geology Reviews 11: 303-308
Poland
 
  • Podlaskie Voivodeship
    • Suwałki Co.
Nejbert K. 2008: Mineralogy of sulphides in mafic rocks of the Suwałki Anorthosite Massif, NE Poland. Mineralogia - Special Papers, vol. 32, p. 116
Romania
 
  • Hunedoara
    • Brad
      • Crișcior (Criștior; Zarándkristyor; Kristyor; Körösfalva; Kreischquell)
        • Brad Muşariu (Brád; Muşariu)
          • Mustari (Muszàri)
Singer, D.A., Berger, V.I., and Moring, B.C. (2008): US Geological Survey Open-File Report 2008-1155.; Săbău, G., Berbeleac, I., & Negulescu, E. (2013) The Coloradoite Occurrence of the Musariu (Metaliferi Mountains) Tellurium and Telluride Vein Mineralization and Its Position in the Depositional Sequence. Rev. Roum. Géologie, Tome 57, nos 1–2, p. 57–65, Bucureşti; Săbău, G., Berbeleac, I., Negulescu, E., & Costin, G. (2014). Uncommon telluride compositions from Musariu, Apuseni Mts., Romania. In 21st General IMA Meeting, abstract (Vol. 330).; Ciobanu, C., Cook, N., Mavrogenes, J., Damian, G., & Damian, F. (2007). (Au)-Pb-Te melts: Annealing-quenching experiments on samples from the Musariu deposit Brad district Romania.
    • Deva
www.minerals-of-the-carpathians,2009
Russia
 
  • Bashkortostan
    • Baymak-Buribay District
Maslennikov, V. V., Maslennikova, S. P., Large, R. R., Danyushevsky, L. V., Herrington, R. J., & Stanley, C. J. (2013). Tellurium-bearing minerals in zoned sulfide chimneys from Cu-Zn massive sulfide deposits of the Urals, Russia. Mineralogy and Petrology, 107(1), 67-99.
    • Uchalinsky District
Vikentyev, I. V., & Vikentyeva, O. V. (2015). Precious metal minerals and “invisible” gold in sulfide ores of Urals. In Mater. of ХII Int. Sci. Conf.“Advanced Technologies, Equipment and Analytical Systems for Materials and Nano-Materials (Vol. 3, pp. 33-41).; Vinokurov, S. F., Vikent’ev, I. V., & Sychkova, V. A. (2010). Determining ionic gold species in massive sulfide ores. Geochemistry International, 48(5), 510-516.
  • Chelyabinsk Oblast
    • Verkhneuralsky District
Maslennikov, V. V., Maslennikova, S. P., Large, R. R., Danyushevsky, L. V., Herrington, R. J., & Stanley, C. J. (2013). Tellurium-bearing minerals in zoned sulfide chimneys from Cu-Zn massive sulfide deposits of the Urals, Russia. Mineralogy and Petrology, 107(1), 67-99.
  • Murmansk Oblast
Чернявский, А. В., Волошин, А. В., & Войтеховский, Ю. Л. (2013). ЗОЛОТОРУДНЫЕ ПРОЯВЛЕНИЯ ПАНАРЕЧЕНСКОЙ ВУЛКАНО-ТЕКТОНИЧЕСКОЙ СТРУКТУРЫ, КОЛЬСКИЙ РЕГИОН: ТИПЫ МИНЕРАЛИЗАЦИИ. МАТЕРИАЛЫ МЕЖДУНАРОДНОЙ КОНФЕРЕЦИИ, 197.
  • Sverdlovsk Oblast
Maslennikov, V. V., Maslennikova, S. P., Large, R. R., Danyushevsky, L. V., Herrington, R. J., & Stanley, C. J. (2013). Tellurium-bearing minerals in zoned sulfide chimneys from Cu-Zn massive sulfide deposits of the Urals, Russia. Mineralogy and Petrology, 107(1), 67-99.
South Korea
 
  • South Gyeongsang Province
    • Tongyeong City
Econ Geol (1990) 85:1114-1132
Spain
 
  • Andalusia
    • Almería
      • Cuevas del Almanzora (Cuevas de Vera)
        • Sierra Almagrera
          • Las Herrerías
Navarro, A., & Cardellach, E. (2009). Mobilization of Ag, heavy metals and Eu from the waste deposit of the Las Herrerias mine (Almería, SE Spain). Environmental geology, 56(7), 1389-1404.
Sweden
 
  • Värmland County
    • Arvika
      • Glava
Cook, N. J.,Ciobanu, C.L.& Danushevskiy, L, (2007): LA-ICP-MS determination of gold in Bi-chalcogenides from four deposits in the Fennoscandian Shield. Geological Survey of Finland, Guide 53, 23-30; Bonev, I. K., Petrunov, R., Cook, N. J., & Ciobanu, C. L. (2005). Kostovite and its argentian varieties: Deposits and mineral associations. Geochem. Mineral. Petrol.(Bulg. Acad. Sci.), 42, 1-22.
Switzerland
 
  • Valais
    • Goms
      • Obergoms
        • Oberwald
          • Furka pass area
            • Furka
Stalder, H. A., Wagner, A., Graeser, S. and Stuker, P. (1998): "Mineralienlexikon der Schweiz", Wepf (Basel), p. 177.
Turkey
 
  • Balikesir Province
    • Ayvalık
Oyman, T. (2010): Geochemistry, mineralogy and genesis of the Ayazmant Fe–Cu skarn deposit in Ayvalik, (Balikesir), Turkey. Ore Geology Reviews 37, 175-201.
USA
 
  • Arizona
    • Cochise County
Anthony, J.W., et al (1995), Mineralogy of Arizona, 3rd.ed.: 212.; Williams, S. (1980). Schieffelinite, a new lead tellurate-sulphate from Tombstone, Arizona. Mineralogical Magazine, 43(330), 771-773.
  • Colorado
    • Boulder Co.
      • Gold Hill Mining District
Minerals of Colorado (1997) E.B. Eckel
American Mineralogist (1949) 34:341-382
Minerals of Colorado (1997) Eckel, E. B.
      • Magnolia Mining District
In the collection of Brent Thorne.
      • Sugarloaf Mining District
Minerals of Colorado (1997) Eckel, E. B.
    • Saguache Co.
      • Bonanza Mining District (Kerber Creek Mining District; Blake Mining District)
        • Bonanza
Am Min 49 (1964), 325; American Mineralogist (1930) 15: 272-273
Minerals of Colorado (1997) Eckel, E. B.
  • Washington
    • Chelan Co.
      • Wenatchee Mining District
        • Wenatchee
          • Squillchuck Creek
Lasmanis, R. (1995): Mineral News: A Compendium of Wenatchee District Mineralogy, Chelan County, Washington, p.6-7
  • Wisconsin
    • Rusk Co.
      • Ladysmith-Rhinelander Metavolcanic Complex
        • Ladysmith
Olson, Maile and R. Lodge (2016) Ore petrography and precious metals of the primary Flambeau Mine sulfide ore: Abstract: Institue on Lake Superior Geology, Program and Abstracts, vol. 62, p. 113.
Uzbekistan
 
  • Tashkent
    • Okhangaron District
Anthony, Bideaux, Bladh, Nichols: "Handbook of Mineralogy", Vol. 1, 1990; Dmitriy I. Belakovskiy (2003): New Data on Minerals: 38: 101-112.; Evseev, A. A. (1995) Kazaknstan and Middle Asia. A brief Mineralogical Guide. World of Stone 8:24-30; Plotinskaya, O. Y., Kovalenker, V. A., Seltmann, R., & Stanley, C. J. (2006). Te and Se mineralogy of the high-sulfidation Kochbulak and Kairagach epithermal gold telluride deposits (Kurama Ridge, Middle Tien Shan, Uzbekistan). Mineralogy and Petrology, 87(3-4), 187-207.; Kovalenker, V. A., Safonov, Y. G., Naumov, V. B., & Rusinov, V. L. (1997). The Epithermal Gold-Telluride Kochbulak Deposit. Geology of Ore Deposits C/C of Geologiia Rudnykh Mestorozhdenii, 39, 107-128.
Zimbabwe
 
  • Masvingo
    • Chiredzi mining district (Hartley mining district)
      • Chiredzi
Oberthür, T., Weiser, T. W., Gast, L., & Kojonen, K. (2003). Geochemistry and mineralogy of platinum-group elements at Hartley Platinum Mine, Zimbabwe. Mineralium Deposita, 38(3), 327-343.
 
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