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Chrysoprase

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About ChrysopraseHide

An apple-green variety of chalcedony. The colour is caused by tiny inclusions of Ni-bearing layers silicates (willemseite, népouite or others).

Compare also mtorodite.



Visit gemdat.org for gemological information about Chrysoprase.


Synonyms of ChrysopraseHide

Other Language Names for ChrysopraseHide

Breton:Kryzopras
Catalan:Crisopras
Danish:Krysopras
Esperanto:Krizopraso
German:Chrysopras
Italian:Crisoprasio
Latvian:Prazems
Polish:Chryzopraz
Portuguese:Crisoprase
Sicilian:Crisoprasu
Simplified Chinese:绿玉髓
Slovak:Chryzopras
Spanish:Crisoprasa
Swedish:Krysopras
Turkish:Krizopras

Common AssociatesHide

Associated Minerals Based on Photo Data:
9 photos of Chrysoprase associated with ChalcedonySiO2
8 photos of Chrysoprase associated with QuartzSiO2
7 photos of Chrysoprase associated with OpalSiO2 · nH2O
5 photos of Chrysoprase associated with IlliteK0.65Al2.0[Al0.65Si3.35O10](OH)2
4 photos of Chrysoprase associated with PimeliteNi3Si4O10(OH)2·4H2O
3 photos of Chrysoprase associated with Jasper
2 photos of Chrysoprase associated with HematiteFe2O3
1 photo of Chrysoprase associated with Mica Group
1 photo of Chrysoprase associated with
1 photo of Chrysoprase associated with PyriteFeS2

Other InformationHide

Health Risks:
No information on health risks for this material has been entered into the database. You should always treat mineral specimens with care.

References for ChrysopraseHide

Reference List:
Sort by Year (asc) | by Year (desc) | by Author (A-Z) | by Author (Z-A)
G. Skrzypek, M. Sachanbiński, M.O. Jędrysek (2003): Oxygen isotope evidence for low temperature formation of chrysoprase. Mineralogical Society of Poland - Special Papers, Vol. 22, p. xx.

Internet Links for ChrysopraseHide

Localities for ChrysopraseHide

This map shows a selection of localities that have latitude and longitude coordinates recorded. Click on the symbol to view information about a locality. The symbol next to localities in the list can be used to jump to that position on the map.

Locality ListHide

- This locality has map coordinates listed. - This locality has estimated coordinates. ⓘ - Click for further information on this occurrence. ? - Indicates mineral may be doubtful at this locality. - Good crystals or important locality for species. - World class for species or very significant. (TL) - Type Locality for a valid mineral species. (FRL) - First Recorded Locality for everything else (eg varieties). Struck out - Mineral was erroneously reported from this locality. Faded * - Never found at this locality but inferred to have existed at some point in the past (eg from pseudomorphs.)

All localities listed without proper references should be considered as questionable.
Argentina
 
  • Catamarca Province
    • Andalgalá Department
Raúl Jorge Tauber Larry collection & photo
Australia
 
  • New South Wales
    • Parry Co.
      • Nundle
MR 04316
Mason, A. (1976) The world of Rocks and Minerals. New York, N.Y., Larousse & Co., 108 pages.
    • Charters Towers Region
      • Greenvale
Queensland Government Mining and Safety website
    • Gympie Region
Queensland Government Mining and Safety website
    • Rockhampton Region
Robertson, A. D., & Krosch, N. J. (1986). The Marlborough chrysoprase deposits. In Geological Society of Australia, Abstracts (Vol. 15, p. 167).
David Baker; Downing, P. B. (2007). Candala mine chrysoprase—Seeing green in southern Queensland, Australia. Rock & Gem, 37(11), 12-14.
Queensland Government Safety and Mining website
  • South Australia
    • North West Province
      • Mount Davies Area
Gemstones - South Australian Chrysoprase, MESA Journal 2, July, 1996.
Gemstones - South Australian Chrysoprase, MESA Journal 2, July, 1996.
  • Western Australia
Karel Bal Collection; Fetherston, J. M., Stocklmayer, S. M. and Stocklmayer, V. C. (2013): Gemstones of Western Australia. Mineral Resources Bulletin 25, Geological Survey of Western Australia, Perth, Australia, 306 pp.
    • Kalgoorlie-Boulder Shire
      • Bulong Goldfield
Fetherston, J., Stocklmayer, S., Stocklmayer, V.(2013): Gemstones of WA, Geological Survey of WA
Fetherston, J., Stocklmayer, S., Stocklmayer, V. (2013): Gemstones of WA, Geological Survey of WA
      • Gindalbie Goldfield
MINEDEX Database 2006.; Fetherston, J. M., Stocklmayer, S. M. and Stocklmayer, V. C. (2013): Gemstones of Western Australia. Mineral Resources Bulletin 25, Geological Survey of Western Australia, Perth, Australia, 306 pp.
    • Leonora Shire
      • Eulaminna (Murrin Murrin mining centre)
Kim Macdonald collection. Ferguson, K.M. (1999) Lead, Zinc and Silver Deposits of Western Australia. Geological Survey of Western Australia, Mineral Resources Bulletin 15.
      • Ten Mile Outcamp
Fetherston, J., Stocklmayer, S., Stocklmayer, V(2013): Gemstones of WA, Geological Survey of WA
      • Yundamindera Goldfield
Fetherston, J.M., Stocklmayer, S.M., Stocklmayer, V.C. (2013) Gemstones of Western Australia. Geological Survey of Western Australia, Mineral Resources Bulletin 25, 306 pages.
    • Meekatharra Shire
Outback Mining Company; Fetherston, J. M., Stocklmayer, S. M. and Stocklmayer, V. C. (2013): Gemstones of Western Australia. Mineral Resources Bulletin 25, Geological Survey of Western Australia, Perth, Australia, 306 pp.
    • Menzies Shire
Grguric, B. A., Pring, A., Bevan, A. W. R. and Downes, P. J. (2006): The minerals of Comet Vale, Western Australia. Australian Journal of Mineralogy 12, 9-23.
Fetherston, J. M., Stocklmayer, S. M. and Stocklmayer, V. C. (2013): Gemstones of Western Australia. Mineral Resources Bulletin 25, Geological Survey of Western Australia, Perth, Australia, 306 pp.
Fetherston, J. M., Stocklmayer, S. M. and Stocklmayer, V. C. (2013): Gemstones of Western Australia. Mineral Resources Bulletin 25, Geological Survey of Western Australia, Perth, Australia, 306 pp.
      • Goongarrie (Roaring Gimlet; Ninety Mile)
Fetherston, J., Stocklmayer, S., Stocklmayer, V. (2013): Gemstones of WA, Geological Survey of WA
      • Yerilla Station
Fetherston, J. M., Stocklmayer, S. M. and Stocklmayer, V. C. (2013): Gemstones of Western Australia. Mineral Resources Bulletin 25, Geological Survey of Western Australia, Perth, Australia, 306 pp.
Chrysoprase Mines of Australia; Fetherston, J. M., Stocklmayer, S. M. and Stocklmayer, V. C. (2013): Gemstones of Western Australia. Mineral Resources Bulletin 25, Geological Survey of Western Australia, Perth, Australia, 306 pp.
    • Ngaanyatjarraku Shire
      • West Musgrave Block
        • Jamieson Community (Mantamaru)
Shire of Ngaanyatjarraku website
        • Wingellina Community (Irrunytju)
Fetherston J.M, Stocklmayer, S.M., Stocklmayer, V.C., (2013) Gemstones of Western Australia. Geological Survey of Western Australia, Mineral Resources Bulletin 25, 306p.
Outback Mining Company; Maier, W. D., Howard, H. M., Smithies, R. H., Yang, S., Barnes, S. J., O'Brien, H., ... & Gardoll, S. J. (2014). Mafic-ultramafic intrusions of the Giles event, Western Australia: Petrogenesis and prospectivity for magmatic ore deposits. GSWA Report 134
    • Roebourne Shire
      • Roebourne
Roebourne Tourist Bureau and Perth Rock Hunting Club
Brazil
 
Tony Nikischer
Mason, A. (1976) The world of Rocks and Minerals. New York, N.Y., Larousse & Co., 108 pages.
Germany
 
  • Saxony
    • Görlitz District
      • Markersdorf
Wittern: "Mineralfundorte in Deutschland", 2001
    • Mittelsachsen
Wittern: "Mineralfundorte in Deutschland", 2001
    • Zwickau
      • Glauchau
H. Vollstädt, R. Baumgärtel: "Einheimische Edelsteine", 2nd. ed., Steinkopff (Dresden), 1977
India
John Coggin Brown (1955) Mineral Wealth: Part III. Materials used in building construction, civil engineering, etc.
Japan
 
  • Niigata Prefecture
    • Itoigawa City
      • Ōmi
Alluvial cobbles in innumerable collections; common.
Kazakhstan
 
  • Aktobe Region
    • Khromtau
Bespaev H.A., Uzhkenov B.S., Aliaskarov S.A., Egembaev K.M. (Almaty, 1999) Gemstones of Kazakhstan, Reference book. Volume 1. Deposits and occurrences of precious and semiprecious stones.
  • Karaganda Region
    • Karkaraly
Pavel M. Kartashov data
    • Zhanaarka
Gems of Kazakhstan, - textbook, Almaty, 1999, v.1, pp. 71-73 (in Rus.)
Madagascar
 
  • Alaotra-Mangoro
    • Ambatondrazaka
      • Ambohitsilaozana
Behier, J. (1963): Carte mineralogique de Madagascar. Archive Service Géologique Madagascar. A 1871
Myanmar
 
  • Mandalay Region
    • Pyin-Oo-Lwin District
      • Mogok Township
        • Bernardmyo
          • Pyaung Gaung
Ted Themelis (2008) Gems & mines of Mogok
Ted Themelis (2008) Gems & mines of Mogok
  • Sagaing Region
    • Katha District
      • Tigyaing Township (Htigyaing Township)
Harald Schillhammer collection
North Macedonia
 
  • Lipkovo Municipality
    • Nikuštak
Antonović, A. (1965): Geology, tectonic structure and genesis of the arsenic-antimony ore deposits in the Lojane and Nikuštak district (Skopska Crna Gora Mts). Geological Institute, Skopje, Special Issue no. 1, 77 pp. (in Macedonian).
Peru
 
Petersen, G.G. (1970) Minería y metalurgía en el antiguo Peru. Arqueologicas, 12 140pp. (Museo Nacional de Antropologia y Arqueologia, Lima)
Poland
 
  • Lower Silesian Voivodeship
    • Świdnica Co.
      • Gmina Marcinowice
A.T.S Mathauser collection
    • Ząbkowice Śląskie Co.
      • Gmina Bardo
Lis, J., Sylwestrzak, H., 1986. Minerały Dolnego Śląska. Instytut Geologiczny, Wydawnictwa Geologiczne, Warszawa, 791 pp.
      • Gmina Ciepłowody
http://www.bruschke.org/regionen/schlesien/kosemitz/kosemitz.htm
No reference listed
Spangenberg, K., and Müller, M. (1949): Die lateritische Zersetzung des Peridotits bei der Bildung der Nickelerzlagerstätte von Frankenstein in Schlesien. Contributions to Mineralogy and Petrology 1(5/6), 560-572
Portugal
 
  • Aveiro
    • Albergaria-a-Velha
      • Branca
Marques de Sá, J. & Leal Gomes, C. (2010): Les mines de cuivre et nickel de Palhal et Telhadela, Albergaria-a-Velha, Aveiro, Portugal. Le Règne Minéral, 92, 36-47.
Russia
 
  • Orenburg Oblast
    • Svetlyi
      • Buruktal District
Mikhailov, B.M. (2000): Lithology and Mineral Resources 35(4), 351-364.
Spain
 
  • Andalusia
    • Málaga
      • Carratraca
Romero Silva JC (2003) Minerales y Rocas de la provincia de Malaga. 318 pp. Published by CEDMA Malaga County Council. Spain
Tanzania
 
  • Dodoma Region
Graetsch, H. A. (2011): Microstructure and origin of colour of chrysoprase from Haneti (Tanzania). Neues Jahrbuch für Mineralogie - Abhandlungen, 188, 111-117.
USA
 
  • Arizona
    • Gila Co.
      • Globe-Miami Mining District
        • Globe Hills Mining District
          • Globe Hills
            • Globe
              • Old Dominion vein system
                • Buffalo Hill
MacFall (1951), Gem Hunter's Guide, 1st ed.
        • Miami-Inspiration Mining District
          • Inspiration
            • Miami-Inspiration deposit
              • Inspiration Mine
MacFall, 1951. Gem Hunter's Guide, 1st ed.
    • La Paz Co.
      • Plomosa Mountains
        • Plomosa Mining District
Keith, Stanton B. (1978) State of Arizona Bureau of Geology and Mineral Technology, Geol. Sur. Br. Bull. 192, Index of Mining Properties in Yuma Co., Arizona: 170 (Table 4); Arizona Bureau of Mines file data.
    • Mohave County
      • Weaver Mining District
Univ. of AZ Bull. 41 (1916-17), Mineralogy of Useful Minerals in AZ: 30; Galbraith, F.W. & Brennan (1959), Minerals of AZ: 85.
  • California
    • Amador Co.
      • Fiddletown Mining District (Oleta Mining District)
        • River Pines
USGS (2005), Mineral Resources Data System (MRDS): U.S. Geological Survey, Reston, Virginia, loc. file ID #10259764.
      • Pardee Mining District
        • Sunnybrook
Root, L.L. (1927) Twenty-third report of the State Mineralogist. California Mining Bureau Report 23, 456 pp.: 149; Carlson, D.W. & W.B. Clark (1954), Mines and Minerals of Amador County, California: California Journal of Mines and Geology: 50(1): 211; Murdoch, Joseph & Robert W. Webb (1966), Minerals of California, Centennial Volume (1866-1966): California Division Mines & Geology Bulletin 189: 316; Pemberton, H. Earl (1983), Minerals of California; Van Nostrand Reinholt Press: 344.
    • Butte Co.
      • Magalia Mining District
        • Magalia
Engineering and Mining Journal (Engineering & Mining Journal) (1907), Mining news: 84: 653; Murdoch, Joseph & Robert W. Webb (1966), Minerals of California, Centennial Volume (1866-1966): California Division Mines & Geology Bulletin 189: 316.
    • Calaveras Co.
      • Foothill Copper Belt
        • Sugarloaf Mountain
U.S. Geological Survey, 2005, Mineral Resources Data System: U.S. Geological Survey, Reston, Virginia.
      • Pardee Mining District
        • Valley Springs
U.S. Geological Survey, 2005, Mineral Resources Data System: U.S. Geological Survey, Reston, Virginia.
    • Kern Co.
      • Loraine Mining District
        • Sugarloaf Mountain
Troxel, Bennie Wyatt & P.K. Morton (1962), Mines and mineral resources of Kern County, California: California Division Mines & Geology County Report No. 1, 370 pp.: 91-92; Pemberton, H. Earl (1983), Minerals of California; Van Nostrand Reinholt Press: 345.
Butler, 1995. Rockhounding California, p.142.
      • Edmanton Mining District (Meadow Valley Mining District)
Kunz, George Frederick (1902), Precious stones: Mineral Resources U.S., 1901: 755; Murdoch, Joseph & Robert W. Webb (1966), Minerals of California, Centennial Volume (1866-1966): California Division Mines & Geology Bulletin 189: 317.
    • Tulare Co.
      • Ivanhoe
        • Venice Hills
Tucker, W. Burling (1919), El Dorado, Lassen, Modoc, Tehama, and Tulare Counties: California Mining Bureau. Report 15: 911; MacFall (1951), Gem Hunter's Guide, 1st ed.; Goodwin, Joseph Grant (1958), Mines and mineral resources of Tulare County, California: California Journal of Mines and Geology (Report 54): 54(3): 344; Murdoch, Joseph & Robert W. Webb (1966), Minerals of California, Centennial Volume (1866-1966): California Division Mines & Geology Bulletin 189: 318; Pemberton, H. Earl (1983), Minerals of California; Van Nostrand Reinholt Press: 350, 424.; Tucker, W. Burling (1919), El Dorado, Lassen, Modoc, Tehama, and Tulare Counties: California Mining Bureau. Report 15: 911; Murdoch, Joseph & Robert W. Webb (1966), Minerals of California, Centennial Volume (1866-1966): California Division Mines & Geology Bulletin 189: 318.; D. B. Sterrett (1912) Mineral Resources of the United States Calendar Year 1911. US Government Printing Office.
      • Lindsay
        • Todds Hill (Todds Hill & Chrysoprase Hill)
Kunz, George Frederick (1905a), Gems, jewelers’ materials, and ornamental stones of California: California Division Mines Bulletin 37, 171 pp.: 76; Tucker, W. Burling (1919), El Dorado, Lassen, Modoc, Tehama, and Tulare Counties: California Mining Bureau. Report 15: 226-253, 258-266, 271-308, 911; Goodwin, Joseph Grant (1958), Mines and mineral resources of Tulare County, California: California Journal of Mines and Geology: 54: 467; Murdoch, Joseph & Robert W. Webb (1966), Minerals of California, Centennial Volume (1866-1966): California Division Mines & Geology Bulletin 189: 283, 318; Pemberton, H. Earl (1983), Minerals of California: 350.
      • Orosi
Kunz, George Frederick (1899), Precious stones: Mineral Resources U.S., 1898: 589; Tucker, W. Burling (1919), El Dorado, Lassen, Modoc, Tehama, and Tulare Counties: California Mining Bureau. Report 15: 226-253, 258-266, 271-308, 911; Goodwin, Joseph Grant (1958), Mines and mineral resources of Tulare County, California: California Journal of Mines and Geology (Report 54): 54(3): 467; Pemberton, H. Earl (1983), Minerals of California; Van Nostrand Reinholt Press: 350.
      • Tennessee Knob
Goodwin, Joseph Grant (1958), Mines and mineral resources of Tulare County, California: California Journal of Mines and Geology: 54: 375-376; Pemberton, H. Earl (1983), Minerals of California; Van Nostrand Reinholt Press: 350.; Kunz, George Frederick (1899), Precious stones: Mineral Resources U.S., 1898: 589; Tucker, W. Burling (1919), Tulare Counties: California Mining Bureau. Report 15: 911; Murdoch, Joseph & Robert W. Webb (1966), Minerals of California, Centennial Volume (1866-1966): California Division Mines & Geology Bulletin 189: 318.
Murdoch, "Minerals of California" 1966 p. 298
Mason, A. (1976) The world of Rocks and Minerals. New York, N.Y., Larousse & Co., 108 pages.
  • Colorado
    • Chaffee Co.
      • Sedalia Mining District
("Minerals of Colorado, updated & revised", by Eckel, Edwin B., 1997)
Minerals of Colorado (1997) E.B. Eckel
    • Grand Co.
Minerals of Colorado (1997) E.B. Eckel
    • Mineral Co.
      • Creede Mining District
U.S. Geological Survey, 2005, Mineral Resources Data System: U.S. Geological Survey, Reston, Virginia.
U.S. Geological Survey, 2005, Mineral Resources Data System: U.S. Geological Survey, Reston, Virginia.
  • Connecticut
    • Litchfield Co.
      • Torrington (Wolcottville)
Orcutt, Rev. Samuel. (1878), History of Torrington, Connecticut. J. Munsell, Albany: 174-179.
  • Massachusetts
    • Berkshire Co.
      • Florida
Western Massachusetts Geologic Resource Inventory, 3rd Ed., Alan R. Plante (Privately Published), 1994
  • New York
    • St. Lawrence Co.
Dana 6:191.
  • North Carolina
Pratt,Joseph Hyde.,1933,Gems and Gem Minerals of North Carolina: American Mineralogist,Vol.18,No.4,April,1933
Gems and Minerals of America- Jay Ellis Ransom-1974
Kuntz American gems and precious stones
  • Oregon
    • Douglas Co.
      • Riddle Mining District
Kunz, G.F. (1883) American gems and precious stones.; Mason, A. (1976) The world of Rocks and Minerals. New York, N.Y., Larousse & Co., 108 pages.
    • Malheur Co.
      • Malheur Mining District (Mormon Basin Mining District)
U.S. Geological Survey, 2005, Mineral Resources Data System: U.S. Geological Survey, Reston, Virginia.
  • Rhode Island
    • Providence Co.
      • Cumberland
AmMIn 11:334-340
  • Vermont
    • Windham Co.
      • Newfane
Rocks & Min. Vol. 71, (1996)
 
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