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Celsian

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About CelsianHide

02890390014947906567790.jpg
Anders Celsius
Formula:
Ba(Al2Si2O8)
Colour:
Colourless, white, yellow
Lustre:
Vitreous
Hardness:
6 - 6½
Specific Gravity:
3.10 - 3.39
Crystal System:
Monoclinic
Member of:
Name:
Named in 1895 by Stens Anders Hjalmar Sjögren in honour of Anders Celsius [November 27, 1701 Uppsala, Sweden - April 25, 1744 Uppsala, Sweden], Swedish astronomer, physicist, and naturalist. He had the Astronomical Observatory built and he experimented with standardising temperature measurements and the Celsius temperature scale is also named in his honour.
Dimorph of:
Feldspar Group. Celsian-Hyalophane Series; Celsian-Orthoclase Series.
The distinctly monoclinic (115.2°) dimorph of Paracelsian; the latter is considered a metastable modification (Lin & Foster, 1968).

See also Barium-Nepheline.


Classification of CelsianHide

Approved, 'Grandfathered' (first described prior to 1959)
9.FA.30

9 : SILICATES (Germanates)
F : Tektosilicates without zeolitic H2O
A : Tektosilicates without additional non-tetrahedral anions
76.1.1.4

76 : TECTOSILICATES Al-Si Framework
1 : Al-Si Framework with Al-Si frameworks
16.12.4

16 : Silicates Containing Aluminum and other Metals
12 : Aluminosilicates of Sr, Ba and Zn

Physical Properties of CelsianHide

Vitreous
Transparency:
Transparent
Colour:
Colourless, white, yellow
Streak:
White
Hardness:
6 - 6½ on Mohs scale
Tenacity:
Brittle
Cleavage:
Perfect
Perfect on {001}, good on {010}, poor on {110}
Density:
3.10 - 3.39 g/cm3 (Measured)    3.26 g/cm3 (Calculated)

Optical Data of CelsianHide

Type:
Biaxial (+)
RI values:
nα = 1.580 - 1.584 nβ = 1.585 - 1.587 nγ = 1.594 - 1.596
2V:
Measured: 86° to 90°, Calculated: 62° to 74°
Max Birefringence:
δ = 0.014
Image shows birefringence interference colour range (at 30µm thickness)
and does not take into account mineral colouration.
Surface Relief:
Moderate
Dispersion:
none

Chemical Properties of CelsianHide

Formula:
Ba(Al2Si2O8)
Common Impurities:
Fe,Mg,Ca,Na,K,F

Crystallography of CelsianHide

Crystal System:
Monoclinic
Class (H-M):
2/m - Prismatic
Cell Parameters:
a = 8.622(4) Å, b = 13.078(6) Å, c = 14.411(8) Å
β = 115.2°
Ratio:
a:b:c = 0.659 : 1 : 1.102
Unit Cell V:
1,470.31 ų (Calculated from Unit Cell)
Z:
8
Morphology:
Short prismatic to acicular crystals, commonly massive
Twinning:
Simple twins in accordance with the
Manebach, Baveno, or Carlsbad laws.
Comment:
Space group I2/c (non-standard setting).

X-Ray Powder DiffractionHide

Image Loading

Radiation - Copper Kα
Data Set:
Data courtesy of RRUFF project at University of Arizona, used with permission.

Geological EnvironmentHide

Geological Setting:
Amphibolite regional or contact metamorphic rocks rich in barium

Type Occurrence of CelsianHide

Synonyms of CelsianHide

Other Language Names for CelsianHide

Dutch:Celsiaan
German:Celsian
Italian:Celsiana
Portuguese:Celsiana
Simplified Chinese:钡长石
Traditional Chinese:鋇長石

Varieties of CelsianHide

KasoiteA potassian (K-bearing) variety of celsian.

Relationship of Celsian to other SpeciesHide

Member of:
Other Members of this group:
AlbiteNa(AlSi3O8)Tric. 1
AmazoniteK(AlSi3O8)
Andesine(Na,Ca)[Al(Si,Al)Si2O8]Tric.
AnorthiteCa(Al2Si2O8)Tric. 1 : P1
Anorthoclase(Na,K)AlSi3O8Tric.
BanalsiteNa2BaAl4Si4O16Orth. mm2 : Iba2
Buddingtonite(NH4)(AlSi3)O8Mon. 2 : P21
Bytownite(Ca,Na)[Al(Al,Si)Si2O8]Tric.
DmisteinbergiteCa(Al2Si2O8)Trig. 3 2 : P3 1 2
FerrisanidineK[Fe3+Si3O8]Mon. 2/m : B2/m
FilatoviteK(Al,Zn)2(As,Si)2O8Mon. 2/m
HexacelsianBaAl2Si2O8Hex. 6/mmm (6/m 2/m 2/m) : P63/mcm
Hyalophane(K,Ba)[Al(Si,Al)Si2O8]Mon.
KokchetaviteK(AlSi3O8)Hex. 6/mmm (6/m 2/m 2/m) : P6/mmm
KumdykoliteNa(AlSi3O8)Orth. mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m) : Pnnm
Labradorite(Ca,Na)[Al(Al,Si)Si2O8]
MicroclineK(AlSi3O8)Tric. 1
Oligoclase(Na,Ca)[Al(Si,Al)Si2O8]
OrthoclaseK(AlSi3O8)Mon. 2/m : B2/m
ParacelsianBa(Al2Si2O8)Mon.
ReedmergneriteNaBSi3O8Tric.
RubiclineRb(AlSi3O8)Tric.
SanidineK(AlSi3O8)Mon. 2/m : B2/m
SlawsoniteSr(Al2Si2O8)Mon.
StronalsiteNa2SrAl4Si4O16Orth.
SunstoneA variety of feldspar (microcline or oligoclase, more rarely labradorite) that has schiller, ...
SvyatoslaviteCa(Al2Si2O8)Orth.
Unnamed (New Ordered Member of the Alkali Feldspar Series)KNa(Si6Al2)O16Mon. m
Forms a series with:

Common AssociatesHide

Associated Minerals Based on Photo Data:
15 photos of Celsian associated with WillemiteZn2SiO4
14 photos of Celsian associated with AndraditeCa3Fe3+2(SiO4)3
10 photos of Celsian associated with LeadPb
6 photos of Celsian associated with Hyalophane(K,Ba)[Al(Si,Al)Si2O8]
6 photos of Celsian associated with SanborniteBa2(Si4O10)
6 photos of Celsian associated with WalstromiteBaCa2(Si3O9)
5 photos of Celsian associated with CopperCu
5 photos of Celsian associated with GillespiteBaFe2+Si4O10
4 photos of Celsian associated with MelanotekitePb2Fe3+2(Si2O7)O2
4 photos of Celsian associated with TitantaramelliteBa4(Ti,Fe3+,Fe2+,Mg)4(B2Si8O27)O2Clx

Related Minerals - Nickel-Strunz GroupingHide

9.FA.05KaliophiliteKAlSiO4Hex.
9.FA.05KalsiliteKAlSiO4Hex. 6 2 2 : P63 2 2
9.FA.05NephelineNa3K(Al4Si4O16)Hex. 6 : P63
9.FA.05Panunzite(K,Na)AlSiO4Hex. 6 : P63
9.FA.05Trikalsilite(K,Na)AlSiO4Hex.
9.FA.05Yoshiokaite(Ca,Na)[Al(Al,Si)O4]Trig. 3 : P3
9.FA.05MegakalsiliteKAlSiO4Hex. 6 : P63
9.FA.10MalinkoiteNaBSiO4Hex. 6 : P63
9.FA.15VirgiliteLiAlSi2O6Hex. 6 2 2 : P62 2 2
9.FA.25LisitsyniteKBSi2O6Orth. 2 2 2 : P2 2 2
9.FA.30AdulariaKAlSi3O8Mon.
9.FA.30Anorthoclase(Na,K)AlSi3O8Tric.
9.FA.30Buddingtonite(NH4)(AlSi3)O8Mon. 2 : P21
9.FA.30Hyalophane(K,Ba)[Al(Si,Al)Si2O8]Mon.
9.FA.30MicroclineK(AlSi3O8)Tric. 1
9.FA.30OrthoclaseK(AlSi3O8)Mon. 2/m : B2/m
9.FA.30SanidineK(AlSi3O8)Mon. 2/m : B2/m
9.FA.30RubiclineRb(AlSi3O8)Tric.
9.FA.30MonalbiteNaAlSi3O8Mon. 2/m : B2/m
9.FA.35AlbiteNa(AlSi3O8)Tric. 1
9.FA.35Andesine(Na,Ca)[Al(Si,Al)Si2O8]Tric.
9.FA.35AnorthiteCa(Al2Si2O8)Tric. 1 : P1
9.FA.35Bytownite(Ca,Na)[Al(Al,Si)Si2O8]Tric.
9.FA.35Labradorite(Ca,Na)[Al(Al,Si)Si2O8]
9.FA.35Oligoclase(Na,Ca)[Al(Si,Al)Si2O8]
9.FA.35ReedmergneriteNaBSi3O8Tric.
9.FA.40ParacelsianBa(Al2Si2O8)Mon.
9.FA.45SvyatoslaviteCa(Al2Si2O8)Orth.
9.FA.45KumdykoliteNa(AlSi3O8)Orth. mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m) : Pnnm
9.FA.50SlawsoniteSr(Al2Si2O8)Mon.
9.FA.55LisetiteCaNa2Al4Si4O16Orth.
9.FA.60BanalsiteNa2BaAl4Si4O16Orth. mm2 : Iba2
9.FA.60StronalsiteNa2SrAl4Si4O16Orth.
9.FA.65DanburiteCaB2Si2O8Orth. mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m)
9.FA.65MaleeviteBaB2Si2O8Orth. mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m) : Pnma
9.FA.65PekoviteSrB2Si2O8Orth. mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m) : Pnma
9.FA.70Lingunite(Na,Ca)AlSi3O8Tet. 4/m : I4/m
9.FA.75KokchetaviteK(AlSi3O8)Hex. 6/mmm (6/m 2/m 2/m) : P6/mmm

Related Minerals - Dana Grouping (8th Ed.)Hide

76.1.1.1OrthoclaseK(AlSi3O8)Mon. 2/m : B2/m
76.1.1.2SanidineK(AlSi3O8)Mon. 2/m : B2/m
76.1.1.3Hyalophane(K,Ba)[Al(Si,Al)Si2O8]Mon.
76.1.1.5MicroclineK(AlSi3O8)Tric. 1
76.1.1.6Anorthoclase(Na,K)AlSi3O8Tric.

Related Minerals - Hey's Chemical Index of Minerals GroupingHide

16.12.1StronalsiteNa2SrAl4Si4O16Orth.
16.12.2SlawsoniteSr(Al2Si2O8)Mon.
16.12.3BrewsteriteMon.
16.12.5ParacelsianBa(Al2Si2O8)Mon.
16.12.6CymriteBaAl2Si2(O,OH)8 · H2OMon.
16.12.7EdingtoniteBa[Al2Si3O10] · 4H2OOrth. 2 2 2 : P21 21 21
16.12.8BanalsiteNa2BaAl4Si4O16Orth. mm2 : Iba2
16.12.9Harmotome(Ba0.5,Ca0.5,K,Na)5[Al5Si11O32] · 12H2OMon. 2/m : P21/m
16.12.10Hyalophane(K,Ba)[Al(Si,Al)Si2O8]Mon.
16.12.11BalipholiteBaLiMg2Al3(Si2O6)2(OH)4Orth.
16.12.12ArmeniteBaCa2Al6Si9O30 · 2H2OOrth. mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m) : Pnna
16.12.13Wellsite(K,Ba,Ca,K2)Al2Si6O16 · 6H2OMon. 2/m : P21/m
16.12.14Merlinoite(K,Na)5(Ca,Ba)2Al9Si23O64 · 23H2OOrth.
16.12.15Anandite(Ba,K)(Fe2+,Mg)3((Si,Al,Fe)4O10)(S,OH)2Mon. 2/m : B2/b
16.12.16Fraipontite(Zn,Al)3((Si,Al)2O5)(OH)4Mon.
16.12.17SauconiteNa0.3Zn3((Si,Al)4O10)(OH)2 · 4H2OMon.
16.12.18Minehillite(K,Na)2-3Ca28Zn4Al4Si40O112(OH)16Hex.
16.12.19HendricksiteKZn3(Si3Al)O10(OH)2Mon. 2/m : B2/m
16.12.20Baileychlore(Zn,Fe2+,Al,Mg)6(Si,Al)4O10(OH)8Tric. 1

Other InformationHide

Health Risks:
No information on health risks for this material has been entered into the database. You should always treat mineral specimens with care.

References for CelsianHide

Reference List:
Sort by Year (asc) | by Year (desc) | by Author (A-Z) | by Author (Z-A)
Dana, E.S. (1899) Dana's system of mineralogy, (6th edition), appendix I, 15.
Spencer, L.J. (1942) Barium felspars (celsian and paracelsian) from Wales. Mineralogical Magazine, 26, 231-245.
Deer, W.A., Howie, R.A., Zussman, J. (1963) Rock-forming Minerals, vol. 4, framework silicates, 166-178.
Gay, P. (1965) An X-ray powder method for the estimation of (K,Ba) feldspars. Mineralogical Magazine: 34: 204-213.
Gay, P., Roy, N.N. (1965) The mineralogy of the potassium-barium feldspar series: III. Subsolid relationships. Mineralogical Magazine: 36: 914-932.
Lin, H.C., Foster, W.R. (1968): Studies in the system BaO–Al2O3–SiO2 I. The polymorphism of celsian. American Mineralogist 53, 134-144.
A. P. Mall, Rudert, V. (1974) Studies in the system KAlSiO4-BaAl2Si2O8-SiO2-H2O. Contributions to Mineralogy and Petrology: 48: 81-88.
Griffen, D.T., Ribbe, P.H. (1976) Refinement of the crystal structure of celsian. American Mineralogist: 61: 414-418.
Fortey, N.J., Beddoe-Stephens, B. (1982) Barium silicates in stratabound Ba-Zn mineralization in the Scottish Dalradian. Mineralogical Magazine: 46: 63-72.
Skellern, M.G., Howie, R.A., Lachowski, E.E. & Skakle, J.M.S. (2003): Barium-deficient celsian, Ba1-xAl2-2xSi2+2xO8 (x = 0.20 or 0.06). Acta Crystallogr C59, i11-i14.

Internet Links for CelsianHide

Localities for CelsianHide

This map shows a selection of localities that have latitude and longitude coordinates recorded. Click on the symbol to view information about a locality. The symbol next to localities in the list can be used to jump to that position on the map.

Locality ListHide

- This locality has map coordinates listed. - This locality has estimated coordinates. ⓘ - Click for further information on this occurrence. ? - Indicates mineral may be doubtful at this locality. - Good crystals or important locality for species. - World class for species or very significant. (TL) - Type Locality for a valid mineral species. (FRL) - First Recorded Locality for everything else (eg varieties). Struck out - Mineral was erroneously reported from this locality. Faded * - Never found at this locality but inferred to have existed at some point in the past (eg from pseudomorphs.)

All localities listed without proper references should be considered as questionable.
Antarctica
 
  • Eastern Antarctica
    • Transantarctic Mountains
      • Buckley Island quadrangle
        • Lewis Cliff
Crozaz, G., Lundberg, L. L. & McKay, G. (1988) Rare Earth Elements (REE) in the Unique Achondrite LEW 86010. Abstracts of the Lunar and Planetary Science Conference XIX: p. 231. (March 1988)
Australia
 
  • New South Wales
    • Yancowinna Co.
      • Broken Hill district
Worner, H. K. and Mitchell, R. W., eds. Birch, W. D. (et al) (1982) Minerals of Broken Hill, published by Australian Mining & Smelting Limited ISBN 0-909221-18-9
Handbook of Mineralogy; Mason, B, 1987. Armenite from Broken Hill, Australia, with comments on calciocelsian and barium anorthite. Mineralogical Magazine. 51, p.317-318
Mason, B. (1987). Armenite from Broken Hill, Australia, with comments on calciocelsian and barium anorthite. Mineralogical magazine, 51(2), 317-318.
  • Queensland
    • City of Mount Isa
      • Hilton district
Knights, J.G., 1985, Hilton Silver-Lead-Zinc-Copper Ore Mineralogy. unpublished
  • Tasmania
    • West Coast municipality
      • Rosebery district
        • Rosebery
Bottrill, R.S. & Baker, W.E. (2008) A Catalogue of the Minerals of Tasmania. Bull. 73. Tasmanian Geological Survey; Zaw, K., Large, R. R., & Huston, D. L. (1997). Petrologic and geochemical significance of a Devonian replacement zone in the Cambrian Rosebery massive sulfide deposit, western Tasmania. The Canadian Mineralogist, 35(5), 1325-1349.
Austria
 
  • Carinthia
    • Sankt Veit an der Glan District
      • Hüttenberg
        • Hüttenberg
          • Waitschach
Kolitsch, U., Brandstätter, F., Schreiber, F., Fink, R. & Auer, C. (2013): Die Mineralogie der weltweit einzigartigen Schlacken von Waitschach, Kärnten. Annalen des Naturhistorischen Museums in Wien, Serie A, 115, 19-87 (in German).
Brazil
 
  • Minas Gerais
Dr Jaroslav Hyrsl specimen, 2-2012,
  • Rio de Janeiro
    • Angra dos Reis
      • Ilha Grande
Prinz, M., Keil, K., Hlava, P. F., Berkely, J. L., Gomes, C. B. & Curvello, W. S. (1977) Studies of Brazilian meteorites. III - Origin and history of the Angra DOS Reis achondrite: Earth and Planetary Science Letters 35 (2): 317-330. (June 1977) ; Grady, M. M., Pratesi, G. & Moggi-Cecchi, V. (2015) Atlas of Meteorites. Cambridge University Press: Cambridge, United Kingdom. 373 pages. ; Riches, A.J.V. et. al. (2012) Rhenium–osmium isotope and highly-siderophile-element abundance systematics of angrite meteorites. Earth and Planetary Science Letters 353-354: 208-218, Angrite Appendix.
Canada
 
  • British Columbia
    • Clinton Mining Division
British Columbia Ministry of Energy, Mines and Petroleum Resources, Geological Fieldwork, 1986, Paper 1987-1, pp. 15-22
    • Golden Mining Division
      • Ice River Alkaline Complex
Caudle, Dana; Jan Cempírek, Lee A. Groat, Leo J. Millonig (2016) Mineralogy, geochemistry and geochronology of allanite pegmatites on the KIN property, eastern British Columbia. in Second Eugene E. Foord Pegmatite Symposium July 15-19, 2016 Colorado School of Mines campus, Golden, Colorado.
    • Omenica Mining Division
      • Wicheeda Lake
Dalsin, M.L. (2013) The Mineralogy, Geochemistry and Geochronology of the Wicheeda Carbonatite Complex, British Columbia. M.Sc. Thesis, University of British Columbia, Vancouver.
    • Revelstoke Mining Division
Am Min 90: 1655-1660
  • New Brunswick
    • Gloucester Co.
      • Bathurst Parish
        • Bathurst Mining Camp
McClenaghan, S.H., Lentz, D.R., Martin, J., and Diegor, W.G. (2009) Gold in the Brunswick No. 12 volcanogenic massive sulfide deposit, Bathurst Mining Camp, Canada: Evidence from bulk ore analysis and laser ablation ICP─MS data on sulfide phases. Mineralium Deposita: 44: 523-557.
  • Yukon
    • Watson Lake mining district
      • Itsi Mountain
        • Wilson Lake
Canadian Mineralogist22:653-658; Alfors, J.T. & Pabst, A. (1984): Titanian taramellites in western North America, American Mineralogist, 69, 358-373.; Dunning, G. E., Walstrom, R. E., & Lechner, W. (2018) Barium Silicate Mineralogy of the Western Margin, North American Continent, Part Geology, Origin, Paragenesis and Mineral Distribution from Baja California Norte, Mexico, Western Canada and Alaska, USA. Baymin Journal, Vol. 19, No. 5
      • Macmillan Pass
Econ Geol (1985) 80:1257-1276
Econ Geol (1989)84:841-856; Dunning, G. E., Walstrom, R. E., & Lechner, W. (2018) Barium Silicate Mineralogy of the Western Margin, North American Continent, Part Geology, Origin, Paragenesis and Mineral Distribution from Baja California Norte, Mexico, Western Canada and Alaska, USA. Baymin Journal, Vol. 19, No. 5
China
 
  • Gansu
    • Longnan
      • Cheng County
Can. J. Earth Sci. 44: 479–492 (2007)
  • Henan
    • Luoyang
      • Luanchuan County
Haiqi Yan, Yuhua Pei, Yaowu Song, and Hui Yun (2007): Mineral Resources and Geology 21(3), 245-250
Czech Republic
 
  • Central Bohemian Region
    • Beroun District
Tasáryová, Z., Frýda, J., Janoušek, V., & Racek, M. (2014). Slawsonite-celsian-hyalophane assemblage from a picrite sill (Prague Basin, Czech Republic). American Mineralogist, 99(11-12), 2272-2279.
  • Moravian-Silesian Region
    • Bruntál District
      • Rýmařov
Fojt, B. et al.: Paragenetická charakteristika ložisek Pb-Zn rud v širším okolí Horního Města u Rýmařova. Acta Mus. Moraviae, Sci. geol., 2007, 92, 3-57.
    • Frýdek-Místek District
Matýsek, D. & Jirásek, J. (2016): Occurrences of Slawsonite In Rocks of the Teschenite Association In the Podbeskydí Piedmont Area (Czech Republic) and Their Petrological Significance. Canadian Mineralogist, 54, 1129-1146.
Matýsek, D. & Jirásek, J. (2016): Occurrences of Slawsonite In Rocks of the Teschenite Association In the Podbeskydí Piedmont Area (Czech Republic) and Their Petrological Significance. Canadian Mineralogist, 54, 1129-1146
    • Nový Jičín District
      • Bludovice
Matýsek, D. & Jirásek, J. (2016): Occurrences of Slawsonite In Rocks of the Teschenite Association In the Podbeskydí Piedmont Area (Czech Republic) and Their Petrological Significance. Canadian Mineralogist, 54, 1129-1146
  • Olomouc Region
    • Jeseník District
Souček, J., Jelínek, E.: Celsian v kvarcitu ze Zlatých Hor. Acta Universitatis Carolinae – Geologica, 1973, vol. 17, nos. 1-2, s. 97-109.
Pauliš, P.: Die interessanten mineralogische Fundstellen in Mähren und Schlesien. Kutná Hora: Kuttna, 2001.
    • Šumperk District
      • Ruda nad Moravou
Novák M. Gadas P. (2010) ZONED, ANORTHITE- AND GROSSULARITE-BEARING, LEUCOTONALITIC PEGMATITE FROM SERPENTINIZED LHERZOLITE AT RUDA NAD MORAVOU, STARÉ MĚSTO UNIT, CZECH REPUBLIC. Can Miner 48 (3): 629-650.
Eswatini
 
  • Hhohho Region
Roerdink, D. L., Mason, P. R., Whitehouse, M. J., & Brouwer, F. M. (2016). Reworking of atmospheric sulfur in a Paleoarchean hydrothermal system at Londozi, Barberton Greenstone Belt, Swaziland. Precambrian Research, 280, 195-204.
Finland
 
  • North Ostrobothnia
    • Raahe
Sergeeva, N. E., Eremin, N. I., & Dergachev, A. L. (2011, February). Vanadium mineralization in ore of the Vihanti massive sulfide base-metal deposit, Finland. In Doklady Earth Sciences (Vol. 436, No. 2, pp. 210-212). SP MAIK Nauka/Interperiodica.
France
 
  • Occitanie
    • Haute-Garonne
      • Baren
Jean-Marie Laurent's collection
Greece
 
  • South Aegean
    • Andros
Reinecke, T. (1982): Contributions to Mineralogy and Petrology 79, 333-336.
India
 
  • West Bengal
    • Purulia District
Baidya, Tapan Kumar, Sen, Gautam, and Chakravorty, Priya Shankar, 1981, Uranium Occurrences in and Around Nawahatu, Purulia District, West Bengal, India - A Preliminay Report, Economic Geology, v 76, p. 970-973.
      • Nawahatu
Baidya, Tapan Kumar, Sen, Gautam, and Chakravorty, Priya Shankar, 1981, Uranium Occurrences in and Around Nawahatu, Purulia District, West Bengal, India - A Preliminay Report, Economic Geology, v 76, p. 970-973.
Baidya, Tapan Kumar, Sen, Gautam, and Chakravorty, Priya Shankar, 1981, Uranium Occurrences in and Around Nawahatu, Purulia District, West Bengal, India - A Preliminay Report, Economic Geology, v 76, p. 970-973.
Baidya, Tapan Kumar, Sen, Gautam, and Chakravorty, Priya Shankar, 1981, Uranium Occurrences in and Around Nawahatu, Purulia District, West Bengal, India - A Preliminay Report, Economic Geology, v 76, p. 970-973.
Chakrabarty, A., Pruseth, K. L., & Sen, A. K. (2012). Compositions and petrogenetic significance of the eudialyte group minerals from Sushina, Purulia, West Bengal. Journal of the Geological Society of India, 79(5), 449-459.; Chakrabarty, A., Pruseth, K. L., & Sen, A. K. (2011). First report of eudialyte occurrence from the Sushina hill region, Purulia district, West Bengal. Journal of the Geological Society of India, 77(1), 12-16. Mitchell, R. H., & Chakrabarty, A. (2012). Paragenesis and decomposition assemblage of a Mn-rich eudialyte from the Sushina peralkaline nepheline syenite gneiss, Paschim Banga, India. Lithos, 152, 218-226.
Iraq
 
  • Sulaymaniyah Governorate
    • Penjwen district
Mohammad, Y.O., Maekawa, H., Lawa, F.A. (2007): Mineralogy and origin of Mlakawa albitite from Kurdistan region, northeastern Iraq. Geosphere: 3(6): 624-645
Italy
 
  • Liguria
    • La Spezia Province
      • Rocchetta di Vara
        • Mt. Dragnone
Balestra C. (2014): Sistematica ligure 2014. Prie, 10, 35-37.
  • Lombardy
    • Lecco Province
      • Colico
        • Piona Peninsula
Samples collected by Luigi Chiappino and analysed by Dr. Anthony Kampf, Natural History Museum of Los Angeles County, USA
    • Varese Province
No reference listed
  • Piedmont
    • Verbano-Cusio-Ossola Province
      • Baveno
        • Oltrefiume
          • Mount Camoscio
American Mineralogist, 84(5-6), 782-789
      • Mergozzo
        • Candoglia
De Michele, V. (1974). Guida mineralogica d'Italia. Istituto Geografico De Agostini, Novara, 2 vol.
      • Trasquera
Piccoli, G.C., Maletto, G., Bosio, P., Lombardo, B. (2007). Minerali del Piemonte e della Valle d'Aosta. Associazione Amici del Museo "F. Eusebio" Alba, Ed., Alba (Cuneo) 607 pp.
  • Sardinia
    • South Sardinia Province
      • Fluminimaggiore
• Stara, P. Rizzo, R., Tanca, G., Vinci A. (1994): Su Zurfuru. 1° parte. Rivista Mineralogica Italiana, 4/1993, 215-236.
Japan
 
  • Iwate Prefecture
    • Kunohe-gun
      • Noda-mura
Am Min 85:242-250
  • Kochi Prefecture
    • Konan City
Handbook of Mineralogy, (c) 2001.
  • Kyoto Prefecture
    • Kizugawa City
Am Min 85:242-250; Tanaka, H. et al. (2010) Momoiite (Mn2+,Ca)3(V3+,Al)2Si3O12, a new manganese vanadium garnet from Japan. Journal of Mineralogical and Petrological Sciences 105, 92-96.
    • Kyoto City
      • Ukyou-ku
Masutomi Museum specimen (Kyoto)
  • Niigata Prefecture
Shi, G., Harlow, G. E., Wang, J., Wang, J., Ng, E., Wang, X., ... & Cui, W. (2012). Mineralogy of jadeitite and related rocks from Myanmar: a review with new data. European Journal of Mineralogy, 24(2), 345-370.
      • Ōmi
www.city.itoigawa.niigata.jp/fmm/detail-menu2/min109-corundum/corundum.html (in matrix of corundum-bearing river cobbles)
  • Tochigi Prefecture
    • Kanuma City
Akira Kato (undated manuscript): Country rock and Minerals of the Kaso mine, Kanuma City, Tochigi Prefecture. (in japanese)
  • Tokyo Metropolis
    • Nishitama district
      • Okutama-cho
[MinRec 32:419]; Matsubara S, Miyawaki R, Yokoyama K, Shimizu M, Imai H (2004) Tokyoite, Ba2Mn3+(VO4)2(OH), a new mineral from the Shiromaru mine, Okutama, Tokyo, Japan. Journal of Mineralogical and Petrological Sciences 99, 363-367
Kazakhstan
 
  • Almaty Region
    • Tekeli
Am Min 90:1163-1166
  • Jambyl Region
Handbook of Mineralogy
Mexico
 
  • Baja California
    • Tres Pozos
American Mineralogist, Volume 69, pages 358-373, 1984; Dunning, G. E., Walstrom, R. E., & Lechner, W. (2018) Barium Silicate Mineralogy of the Western Margin, North American Continent, Part Geology, Origin, Paragenesis and Mineral Distribution from Baja California Norte, Mexico, Western Canada and Alaska, USA. Baymin Journal, Vol. 19, No. 5
  • Baja California Sur
    • Mulegé Municipality
      • Vizcaíno Peninsula
        • Sierra San Andres
Mikhail Ostrooumov and Alfredo Victoria Morales (2010) Mexican jadeite-bearing rock: a first mineralogical and gemmological approach. The Journal of Gemmology, Vol. 32, No. 1–4.
Mongolia
 
  • Töv Aimag
    • Choir-Nyalga basin
Peretyazhko, I. S., Savina, E. A., Khromova, E. A., Karmanov, N. S., & Ivanov, A. V. (2018) Unique Clinkers and Paralavas from a New Nyalga Combustion Metamorphic Complex in Central Mongolia: Mineralogy, Geochemistry, and Genesis. Petrology, 26(2), 181-211.; Peretyazhko, I. S., Savina, E. A., Khrоmova, E. A., & Mills, S. (2017) Minerals of the rhönite-kuratite series in paralavas from a new combustion metamorphic complex in the Choir–Nyalga basin (Central Mongolia): composition, mineral assemblages and formation conditions. Mineralogical Magazine, 81(4), 949-974.
Morocco
 
  • Dakhla-Oued Ed-Dahab Region
Bea, F., Montero, P., Haissen, F., & El Archi, A. (2013). 2.46 Ga kalsilite and nepheline syenites from the Awsard pluton, Reguibat Rise of the West African Craton, Morocco. Generation of extremely K-rich magmas at the Archean–Proterozoic transition. Precambrian Research, 224, 242-254.
Myanmar
 
  • Kachin State
    • Mohnyin District
      • Hpakant Township (Hpakan; Phakant; Phakan)
Shi, G., Harlow, G.E., Wang, J. Wang, J., Ng, E., Wang, X., Cao, G. & Cui, W. (2012): Mineralogy of jadeitite and related rocks from Myanmar:a review with new data. Eur. J. Mineral. 24, 345–370
Shi, G., Harlow, G. E., Wang, J., Wang, J., Ng, E., Wang, X., ... & Cui, W. (2012). Mineralogy of jadeitite and related rocks from Myanmar: a review with new data. European Journal of Mineralogy, 24(2), 345-370.
  • Sagaing Region
    • Hkamti District
      • Hkamti Township (Khamti)
Shi, G., Harlow, G. E., Wang, J., Wang, J., Ng, E., Wang, X., Cao, S. & Cui, W. (2012): Mineralogy of jadeitite and related rocks from Myanmar: a review with new data. European Journal of Mineralogy, 24, 345-370.
Namibia
 
  • Otjozondjupa Region
    • Omatako
Viswanathan, K., & Brandt, K. (1980). The crystal structure of a ternary (BarKrNa)-feldspar and its significance. American Mineralogist, 65, 472-476.
  • ǁKaras Region
    • Oranjemund
      • Rosh Pinah
Bezing, L. von, Bode, R. & Jahn, S. (2007): Namibia. Minerals and Localities. Edition Schloss Freudenstein, Bode Verlag, Haltern, 395 pp. (in English)
Northwest Africa Meteorites
 
Riches, A.J.V. et. al. (2012) Rhenium–osmium isotope and highly-siderophile-element abundance systematics of angrite meteorites. Earth and Planetary Science Letters 353-354: 208-218, Angrite Appendix.
Riches, A.J.V. et. al. (2012) Rhenium–osmium isotope and highly-siderophile-element abundance systematics of angrite meteorites. Earth and Planetary Science Letters 353-354: 208-218, Angrite Appendix.
Poland
 
  • Lower Silesian Voivodeship
    • Kłodzko County
      • Gmina Nowa Ruda
        • Ludwikowice Kłodzkie
Kruszewski, Ł., Ciesielczuk, J., Misz-Kennan, M., Fabiańska, M. (2014): Chemical composition of glasses and associating mineral species in various pyrometamorphic rocks from coal-mining dumps of the Lower Silesia. Mineralogia Special Papers: 42: 70-71
  • Silesian Voivodeship
    • Katowice City Co.
      • Wełnowiec
Pierwoła, J., Ciesielczuk, J., Misz-Kennan, M., Fabiańska, M.J., Bielińska, A., Kruszewski, Ł., 2018. Structure and thermal history of the Wełnowiec dump, Poland: A municipal dump rehabilitated with coal waste. Int. J. Coal Geol., 197, 1–19.
    • Rybnik Co.
      • Gmina Czerwionka-Leszczyny
Kruszewski, Ł., Ciesielczuk, J., Misz-Kennan, M. (2012): What have meteorites to do with coal fires? A case of Upper and Lower Silesian Basins. Mineralogia Special Papers 40: 28-30
Romania
 
  • Suceava
    • Suceava district
      • Iacobeni (Jakobeny; Jacobeny; Jakabfalva)
http://minerals-of-the-carpathians.eu
Russia
 
  • Chelyabinsk Oblast
    • Miass
Sorokina, E. S., Rassomakhin, M. A., Nikandrov, S. N., Karampelas, S., Kononkova, N. N., Nikolaev, A. G., ... & Kotlyarov, V. A. (2019). Origin of Blue Sapphire in Newly Discovered Spinel–Chlorite–Muscovite Rocks within Meta-Ultramafites of Ilmen Mountains, South Urals of Russia: Evidence from Mineralogy, Geochemistry, Rb-Sr and Sm-Nd Isotopic Data. Minerals, 9(1), 36.
  • Irkutsk Oblast
Mitchell, R. H., & Vladykin, N. V. (1993). Rare earth element-bearing tausonite and potassium barium titanates from the Little Murun potassic alkaline complex, Yakutia, Russia. Mineralogical Magazine, 57(389), 651-664.
  • Khabarovsk Krai
    • Taikan Ridge
Pavel M. Kartashov analytical data
  • Murmansk Oblast
    • Turii Cape
Keith Bell, Elizabeth Ann Dunworth, Andrei G. Bulakh, and Valeriy V. Ivanikov (1996) Alkaline rocks of the Turiy Peninsula, Russia, including type-locality turjaite and turjite; a review. Can Mineral, v. 34, p. 265-280
[World of Stones 12:49]
  • Sverdlovsk Oblast
    • Yekaterinburg
Brusnitsyn, A.I. (2000) Rhodonite deposits of Middle Ural. St. Petersburg University press, p. 200 (in Russ.).
      • Sedel'nikovo
Brusnitsyn A.I. (2000) Rhodonite deposits of Middle Ural, - S.-Peterburg Univercity press, p. 200 (in Rus.).
South Korea
 
  • Gyeonggi Province
Jeong, G. Y & Kim, Y. H. (1999): Goldmanite from the black slates of the Ogcheon belt, Korea. Mineralogical Magazine, 63, 253-256.
  • North Chungcheong Province
    • Goesan County
Gi Young Jeong (2006): Mineralium Deposita 41, 469-481.
Spain
 
  • Castile and Leon
Moro, M.C., Cembranos, M.L., and Fernandez, A. (2001): Canadian Mineralogist 39, 1039-1051.
      • Losacino
        • Vide de Alba
Moro, M.C.,Cembranos,M.L. y Fernandez,A. (2001) Celsian, (Ba,K)-feldspar and cymrite from SEDEX barite deposits of Zamora, Spain. The Canadian Mineralogist, 39, 1039-1051
Sweden
 
  • Södermanland County
    • Nyköping
  • Värmland County
    • Filipstad
Nysten, P., Holtstam, D. and Jonsson, E. (1999) The Långban minerals. In Långban - The mines,their minerals, geology and explorers (D. Holtstam and J. Langhof, eds.), Swedish Museum of Natural History and Raster Förlag, Stockholm & Chr. Weise Verlag, Munich, pp. 89-183.
      • Nordmark District
        • Jakobsberg ore field
GFF (1895) 17, 578; Holtstam, D. & Norrestam, R. (1993): Lindqvistite Pb2MeFe16O27,a novel hexagonal ferrite mineral from Jakobsberg, Filipstad, Sweden. American Mineralogist. 78, 1304-1312
      • Persberg ore district
        • Pajsberg
Nysten, P. (2004): Harstigen ett mineralogisk eldorado i Bergslagen. Norsk Bergverksmuseum Skrift 28: 5-13
Switzerland
 
  • Valais
    • Anniviers
      • Ayer
Ansermet, S. (2012): Mines et minéraux du Valais - II. Anniviers et Tourtemagne. With contributions by N. Meisser, Ed. Porte-plumes (Ayer)
    • Brig
      • Simplon pass area
        • Ganter valley
          • Wasen Alp
Lapis 29(2), 37-40 (2004); Graeser S., Hetherington C.J., Gieré R. (2003): Ganterite, a new barium-dominant analogue of muscovite from the Berisal Complex, Simplon Region, Switzerland. Canadian Mineralogist 41, 1271-1280.
UK
 
  • Scotland
    • Perth and Kinross
      • Aberfeldy
Coats, J.S. et al. (1980) Trans. Inst. Mining Metall. 89, Bl16.; Livingstone, A. and Macpherson, H.G. (1983) Fifth supplementary list of British minerals (Scottish). Mineralogical Magazine, vol. 47, n° 342, p. 99-105.
Richard Bell Collection
  • Wales
    • Gwynedd
      • Lleyn Peninsula
        • Llanfaelrhys
          • Nant-y-Gadwen
Cotterell, T.F., 2006. Caryopilite and pyroxmangite from Nant Mine, Nant-y-Gadwen, Llanfaelrhys, Pen Llyn, Gwynedd, Wales UK Journal of Mines and Minerals, 27, 51-53.
          • Rhiw
Spencer, L.J. (1942) Barium feldspars, (celsian and paracelsian) from Wales. Mineralogical Magazine, 26, 231-245; BMS Collection.; UKJMM Vol.29 p.14; Liferovich, R. P., Mitchell, R. H., Zozulya, D. R., & Shpachenko, A. K. (2006). Paragenesis and composition of banalsite, stronalsite, and their solid solution in nepheline syenite and ultramafic alkaline rocks. The Canadian Mineralogist, 44(4), 929-942.
USA
 
  • Alaska
    • Juneau
      • Admiralty Mining District
Cliff D. Taylor (April 2001) The Greens Creek massive sulfide deposit, southeastern Alaska. Denver Region Exploration Geologists' Society abstracts
    • Nome Census Area
      • Nome Mining District
Slack, J. F., Till, A. B., Belkin, H. E., & Shanks III, W. P. (2014). Late Devonian–Mississippian (?) Zn-Pb (-Ag-Au-Ba-F) deposits and related aluminous alteration zones in the Nome Complex, Seward Peninsula, Alaska. Geological Society of America Special Papers, 506, 173-212.
    • Southeast Fairbanks Census Area
      • Fortymile Mining District
U.S. Geological Survey, 2008, Alaska Resource Data File (ARDF): U.S. Geological Survey Open-File Report 2008-1225.
U.S. Geological Survey, 2008, Alaska Resource Data File (ARDF): U.S. Geological Survey Open-File Report 2008-1225.
    • Yukon-Koyukuk Census Area
      • Alaska Range
Amer. Mineral (1929) 14:319-322
  • Arizona
    • Yavapai Co.
Galbraith, F.W. & Brennan (1959), Minerals of AZ: 48.
  • California
    • Fresno Co.
      • Big Creek-Rush Creek Mining District
        • Rush Creek deposit
          • Big Creek
[MinRec 33:161]; American Mineralogist (1981), Volume 66, pages 1050-1053; Canadian Mineralogist (2001): 39:1053-1058.
          • Rush Creek
Mineralogical Record (2002) 33: 163.; Jambor, J.L. and Roberts, A.C. (2002) New mineral names. American Mineralogist: 87: 765-768.
    • Mariposa Co.
      • East Belt
        • Clearing House Mining District
          • Clearing House
            • Trumbull Peak
Rogers, A.F. (1932) Sanbornite, a new barium silicate mineral from Maricopa County, California. American Mineralogist: 17: 171.; American Mineralogist (1981) 66: 1050-1053.; Pemberton, H.E (1983) Minerals of California. Van Nostrand Reinhold Press: 315, 361.; Canadian Mineralogist (1984) 22: 653-658.; Dunning, G.E. and Cooper, J.F. (1999) Barium silicate minerals from Trumbull Peak, Mariposa County, California. Mineralogical Record: 30(6): 411-417.; Jambor, J.L. and Roberts, A.C. (2002) New mineral names. American Mineralogist: 87: 765-768.
    • Santa Cruz Co.
      • Santa Cruz
Gross, E.B., Chesterman, C.W., Dunning, G.E., and Cooper, J.F. (1967) Mineralogy of the Kalkar quarry, Santa Cruz, California. California Division Mines and Geol. Special Report 92: 8; Pemberton, H. Earl (1983), Minerals of California; Van Nostrand Reinholt Press: 365.; Dunning, G. E., Walstrom, R. E., & Lechner, W. (2018) Barium Silicate Mineralogy of the Western Margin, North American Continent, Part Geology, Origin, Paragenesis and Mineral Distribution from Baja California Norte, Mexico, Western Canada and Alaska, USA. Baymin Journal, Vol. 19, No. 5
    • Tulare Co.
      • Dumtah
American Mineralogist, Volume 69, pages 358-373, 1984; Mineralogical Record: 34(2): 159-166
  • Nevada
    • Elko Co.
      • Corral Creek Mining District
NBMG Spec. Pub. 31 Minerals of Nevada; U.S. GEOLOGICAL SURVEY Open-File Report 98-338 chapter 11
      • Lee Mining District
NBMG Spec. Pub. 31 Minerals of Nevada; U.S. GEOLOGICAL SURVEY Open-File Report 98-338 chapter 11
    • Humboldt Co.
      • Golconda Mining District
NBMG Spec. Pub. 31 Minerals of Nevada
    • Lander Co.
      • Battle Mountain Mining District
NBMG Spec. Pub. 31 Minerals of Nevada
    • Nye Co.
NBMG Spec. Pub. 31 Minerals of Nevada
  • New Jersey
    • Sussex County
      • Franklin Mining District
        • Franklin
Frondel, et al: Am. Min.:51:1388-1393 (1966); Frondel, C.: The minerals of Franklin and Sterling Hill - a checklist (1972); Dunn(1995):Pt4:509.
FOMS Millsite Committee (1986) (circa), List of Mineral Species Found on the Franklin Mill Site, Franklin-Ogdensburg Mineralogical Society (unpublished).
Van King
 
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