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Caryopilite

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About CaryopiliteHide

Formula:
Mn2+3Si2O5(OH)4
Brusnitsyn et al. (2000) suggest the formula Mn5(Si2O5)2(OH)6.
Colour:
Brown, reddish-brown, tan
Hardness:
3 - 3½
Crystal System:
Monoclinic
Name:
Named in 1889 by Axel Hamberg (1889) from the Greek, χάρυον = nut, due to its brownish color and habit + πίλος = felt, due to its appearance like a feltlike mass in thin sections.
This page provides mineralogical data about Caryopilite.


Classification of CaryopiliteHide

Approved, 'Grandfathered' (first described prior to 1959)
9.ED.15

9 : SILICATES (Germanates)
E : Phyllosilicates
D : Phyllosilicates with kaolinite layers composed of tetrahedral and octahedral nets
71.1.2b.1

71 : PHYLLOSILICATES Sheets of Six-Membered Rings
1 : Sheets of 6-membered rings with 1:1 layers
14.18.9

14 : Silicates not Containing Aluminum
18 : Silicates of Mn and Na, K, Mg, Ca or Fe

Physical Properties of CaryopiliteHide

Colour:
Brown, reddish-brown, tan
Comment:
Light-brown to yellow in thin section
Hardness:
3 - 3½ on Mohs scale

Optical Data of CaryopiliteHide

Type:
Biaxial (-)
RI values:
nα = 1.606 - 1.620 nβ = 1.632 - 1.650 nγ = 1.632 - 1.650
Max Birefringence:
δ = 0.026 - 0.030
Image shows birefringence interference colour range (at 30µm thickness)
and does not take into account mineral colouration.
Surface Relief:
Moderate
Dispersion:
weak

Chemical Properties of CaryopiliteHide

Formula:
Mn2+3Si2O5(OH)4

Brusnitsyn et al. (2000) suggest the formula Mn5(Si2O5)2(OH)6.
Common Impurities:
Al,As,Fe,Zn,Ca,F,Cl

Crystallography of CaryopiliteHide

Crystal System:
Monoclinic
Cell Parameters:
a = 5.66 Å, b = 9.81 Å, c = 7.52 Å
β = 104.52°
Ratio:
a:b:c = 0.577 : 1 : 0.767
Unit Cell V:
404.21 ų (Calculated from Unit Cell)
Comment:
Probably monoclinic; space group not determined.

X-Ray Powder DiffractionHide

Powder Diffraction Data:
d-spacingIntensity
7.24 Å(90)
3.64 Å(80)
2.78 Å(70)
2.49 Å(100)
2.08 Å(50)
1.954 Å(30)
1.617 Å(20)

Type Occurrence of CaryopiliteHide

General Appearance of Type Material:
As clusters of reniform aggregates
Associated Minerals at Type Locality:

Synonyms of CaryopiliteHide

Other Language Names for CaryopiliteHide

Simplified Chinese:肾硅锰矿
Spanish:Caryopilita
Swedish:Ektropit

Relationship of Caryopilite to other SpeciesHide

Other Members of this group:
AmesiteMg2Al(AlSiO5)(OH)4Tric. 1 : P1
AntigoriteMg3(Si2O5)(OH)4Mon. m : Bm
Berthierine(Fe2+,Fe3+,Al)3(Si,Al)2O5(OH)4Mon. m : Bm
Brindleyite(Ni,Al)3(Si,Al)2O5(OH)4Mon.
ChrysotileMg3(Si2O5)(OH)4Mon.
CronstedtiteFe2+2Fe3+((Si,Fe3+)2O5)(OH)4Trig. 3m : P3 1m
Fraipontite(Zn,Al)3((Si,Al)2O5)(OH)4Mon.
GuidottiiteMn2Fe3+(Fe3+SiO5)(OH)4Hex. 6 : P63
KellyiteMn2+2Al(AlSiO5)(OH)4Hex. 6 : P63
LizarditeMg3(Si2O5)(OH)4Trig. 3m : P3 1m
Népouite(Ni,Mg)3(Si2O5)(OH)4Orth.
PecoraiteNi3(Si2O5)(OH)4Mon.

Common AssociatesHide

Associated Minerals Based on Photo Data:
13 photos of Caryopilite associated with RhodochrositeMnCO3
12 photos of Caryopilite associated with CalciteCaCO3
9 photos of Caryopilite associated with WillemiteZn2SiO4
9 photos of Caryopilite associated with TephroiteMn2+2SiO4
6 photos of Caryopilite associated with CopperCu
5 photos of Caryopilite associated with ShigaiteMn6Al3(OH)18[Na(H2O)6](SO4)2 · 6H2O
5 photos of Caryopilite associated with AndraditeCa3Fe3+2(SiO4)3
5 photos of Caryopilite associated with BaryteBaSO4
5 photos of Caryopilite associated with QuartzSiO2
5 photos of Caryopilite associated with FrankliniteZn2+Fe3+2O4

Related Minerals - Nickel-Strunz GroupingHide

9.ED.ClinochrysotileMon. 2/m
9.ED.05DickiteAl2(Si2O5)(OH)4Mon. m : Bb
9.ED.05KaoliniteAl2(Si2O5)(OH)4Tric. 1 : P1
9.ED.05NacriteAl2(Si2O5)(OH)4Mon. m : Bb
9.ED.05Odinite(Fe,Mg,Al,Fe,Ti,Mn)2.4((Si,Al)2O5)(OH)4Mon. m : Bm
9.ED.10HalloysiteAl2(Si2O5)(OH)4Mon. m : Bb
9.ED.10HisingeriteFe3+2(Si2O5)(OH)4 · 2H2OMon.
9.ED.10Halloysite-7ÅAl2(Si2O5)(OH)4Mon. m : Bb
9.ED.15AmesiteMg2Al(AlSiO5)(OH)4Tric. 1 : P1
9.ED.15AntigoriteMg3(Si2O5)(OH)4Mon. m : Bm
9.ED.15Berthierine(Fe2+,Fe3+,Al)3(Si,Al)2O5(OH)4Mon. m : Bm
9.ED.15Brindleyite(Ni,Al)3(Si,Al)2O5(OH)4Mon.
9.ED.15ChrysotileMg3(Si2O5)(OH)4Mon.
9.ED.15CronstedtiteFe2+2Fe3+((Si,Fe3+)2O5)(OH)4Trig. 3m : P3 1m
9.ED.15Fraipontite(Zn,Al)3((Si,Al)2O5)(OH)4Mon.
9.ED.15Greenalite(Fe2+,Fe3+)2-3Si2O5(OH)4Mon.
9.ED.15KellyiteMn2+2Al(AlSiO5)(OH)4Hex. 6 : P63
9.ED.15LizarditeMg3(Si2O5)(OH)4Trig. 3m : P3 1m
9.ED.15ManandoniteLi2Al4(Si2AlB)O10(OH)8Orth.
9.ED.15Népouite(Ni,Mg)3(Si2O5)(OH)4Orth.
9.ED.15PecoraiteNi3(Si2O5)(OH)4Mon.
9.ED.15GuidottiiteMn2Fe3+(Fe3+SiO5)(OH)4Hex. 6 : P63
9.ED.20Allophane(Al2O3)(SiO2)1.3-2 · 2.5-3H2OAmor.
9.ED.20ChrysocollaCu2-xAlx(H2-xSi2O5)(OH)4 · nH2OOrth.
9.ED.20ImogoliteAl2SiO3(OH)4
9.ED.20Neotocite(Mn,Fe,Mg)SiO3 · H2OAmor.
9.ED.25BismutoferriteFe3+2Bi(SiO4)2(OH)Mon. m : Bm
9.ED.25ChapmaniteFe3+2Sb3+(Si2O5)O3(OH)Mon. m : Bm

Related Minerals - Dana Grouping (8th Ed.)Hide

71.1.2b.2LizarditeMg3(Si2O5)(OH)4Trig. 3m : P3 1m
71.1.2b.3Népouite(Ni,Mg)3(Si2O5)(OH)4Orth.
71.1.2b.4Greenalite(Fe2+,Fe3+)2-3Si2O5(OH)4Mon.

Related Minerals - Hey's Chemical Index of Minerals GroupingHide

14.18.1NambuliteLiMn2+4Si5O14(OH)Tric.
14.18.2Natronambulite(Na,Li)(Mn,Ca)4Si5O14OHTric.
14.18.3ZakharoviteNa4Mn5Si10O24(OH)6 · 6H2OTrig.
14.18.4NorrishiteKLiMn3+2(Si4O10)O2Mon. 2/m : B2/m
14.18.5ShafranovskiteNa3K2(Mn,Fe,Na)4[Si9(O,OH)27](OH)2 · nH2OTrig.
14.18.6AbswurmbachiteCuMn3+6(SiO4)O8Tet. 4/mmm (4/m 2/m 2/m) : I41/acd
14.18.7Donpeacorite(Mn2+,Mg)Mg[SiO3]2Orth.
14.18.8KanoiteMn2+(Mg,Mn2+)Si2O6Mon. 2/m : P21/b
14.18.10Gonyerite(Mn2+,Mg)5Fe3+(Fe3+Si3O10)(OH)8Orth.
14.18.11Tirodite
14.18.12Manganhumite(Mn2+,Mg)7(SiO4)3(OH)2Orth.
14.18.13BustamiteCaMn2+(Si2O6)Tric. 1 : P1
14.18.14GlaucochroiteCaMn2+SiO4Orth. mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m)
14.18.15Truscottite(Ca,Mn)14Si24O58(OH)8 · 2H2OTrig.
14.18.16SantaclaraiteCaMn4[Si5O14OH](OH) · H2OTric.
14.18.17FerrobustamiteCaFe2+(Si2O6)Tric.
14.18.18JohannseniteCaMn2+Si2O6Mon. 2/m : B2/b
14.18.19NeltneriteCaMn3+6(SiO4)O8Tet. 4/mmm (4/m 2/m 2/m) : I41/acd
14.18.20OrlymaniteCa4Mn3Si8O20(OH)6 · 2H2OHex.
14.18.21InesiteCa2(Mn,Fe)7Si10O28(OH)2 · 5H2OTric. 1 : P1
14.18.22OrientiteCa8Mn3+10(SiO4)3(Si3O10)3(OH)10 · 4H2O Orth.
14.18.23RuiziteCa2Mn3+2[Si4O11(OH)2](OH)2·2H2OMon. 2
14.18.24BostwickiteCaMn6Si3O16 · 7H2OOrth.
14.18.25KittatinnyiteCa2Mn2Mn(SiO4)2(OH)4 · 9H2OHex.
14.18.26LithiomarsturiteLiCa2Mn2Si5O14(OH)Tric.
14.18.27SeranditeNaMn2+2Si3O8(OH)Tric. 1 : P1
14.18.28KvanefjelditeNa4(Ca,Mn)(Si3O7)2(OH)2Orth.
14.18.29MarsturiteNaCaMn3Si5O14(OH)Tric. 1 : P1
14.18.30RaiteNa4Mn2+3Ti0.25Si8O20(OH)2 · 10H2OOrth. 2 2 2 : C2 2 2
14.18.31Richterite{Na}{NaCa}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2Mon. 2/m : B2/m
14.18.32Byelorussite-(Ce)NaBa2Ce2MnTi2[Si4O12]2O2(F,OH) · H2OOrth. mm2 : Ama2
14.18.33Deerite(Fe,Mn)6(Fe,Al)3[Si6O17]O3(OH)5Mon.
14.18.34Calderite(Mn2+,Ca)3(Fe3+,Al)2(SiO4)3Iso.
14.18.35PyroxmangiteMnSiO3Tric. 1
14.18.36Dannemorite☐{Mn2+2}{Fe2+5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
14.18.37Neotocite(Mn,Fe,Mg)SiO3 · H2OAmor.
14.18.38BabingtoniteCa2(Fe,Mn)FeSi5O14(OH)Tric. 1 : P1
14.18.39ManganbabingtoniteCa2(Mn,Fe)FeSi5O14(OH)Tric.
14.18.40ÖrebroiteMn2+3(Sb5+,Fe3+)(SiO4)(O,OH)3Hex.

Other InformationHide

Health Risks:
No information on health risks for this material has been entered into the database. You should always treat mineral specimens with care.

References for CaryopiliteHide

Reference List:
Sort by Year (asc) | by Year (desc) | by Author (A-Z) | by Author (Z-A)
Hamberg, A. (1889). Über Karyopilit, ein wasserhaltiges Manganoxydulsilikat von der Grube Harstigen bei Pajsberg in Vermland. Geologiska Föreningens i Stockholm Förhandlingar. 11, 27-32
Dunn, P.J., Peacor, D.R., Nelen, J.A., Norberg, J.A. (1981): Crystal-chemical data for schallerite, caryopilite and friedelite from Franklin and Sterling Hill, New Jersey. American Mineralogist 66, 1054-1062.
American Mineralogist: 65, 335-339.
Guggenheim, S., Eggleton, R. A. (1998): Modulated crystal structures of greenalite and caryopilite: a system with long-range, in-plane structural disorder in the tetrahedra sheet. Canadian Mineralogist 36, 163-179.
Brusnitsyn, A. I., Starikova, E. V., Shchukarev, A. V., Chukanov, N. V., Kalinina, O. G. (2000): Caryopilite from Kyzyl-Tash manganese ore deposit (the South Urals). Zapiski RMO (Proceedings of the Russian Mineralogical Society) 129, 108-118 (in Russian).

Internet Links for CaryopiliteHide

Localities for CaryopiliteHide

This map shows a selection of localities that have latitude and longitude coordinates recorded. Click on the symbol to view information about a locality. The symbol next to localities in the list can be used to jump to that position on the map.

Locality ListHide

- This locality has map coordinates listed. - This locality has estimated coordinates. ⓘ - Click for further information on this occurrence. ? - Indicates mineral may be doubtful at this locality. - Good crystals or important locality for species. - World class for species or very significant. (TL) - Type Locality for a valid mineral species. (FRL) - First Recorded Locality for everything else (eg varieties). Struck out - Mineral was erroneously reported from this locality. Faded * - Never found at this locality but inferred to have existed at some point in the past (eg from pseudomorphs.)

All localities listed without proper references should be considered as questionable.
Australia
 
  • New South Wales
    • Forbes Co.
      • Grenfell
Oberti, R., Boiocchi, M., Hawthorne, F. C., Ball, N. A., & Ashley, P. M. (2016). PREPUBLICATION: Oxo-mangani-leakeite from the Hoskins mine, New South Wales, Australia: occurrence and mineral description. Mineralogical Magazine.
Austria
 
  • Tyrol
    • Lienz District
      • Kals am Großglockner
        • Kals valley
Abrecht, J. (1990): An As-rich manganiferous mineral assemblage from the Ködnitz Valley (Eastern Alps, Austria): Geology, mineralogy, genetic considerations, and implications for metamorphic Mn deposits. Neues Jahrbuch für Mineralogie, Monatshefte 1990, 363-375.
Canada
 
  • Québec
    • Nord-du-Québec
      • Matagami
Canadian Mineralogist 31, 695; Pan, Y., Fleet, M. E., Barnett, R. L., & Chen, Y. (1993). Pyrosmalite in Canadian Precambrian sulfide deposits; mineral chemistry, petrogenesis and significance. The Canadian Mineralogist, 31(3), 695-710.
China
 
  • Guangxi
    • Baise
      • Jingxi Co.
Yang Yuchun (1996): Acta Petrologica et Mineralogica 15(2), 186-190
  • Hunan
    • Xiangtan
Yang Yuchun (1996): Acta Petrologica et Mineralogica 15(2), 186-190
  • Shaanxi
    • Ankang
      • Ziyang County
Yang Yuchun (1996): Acta Petrologica et Mineralogica 15(2), 186-190; Pingyi Wan (2002): China's Manganese Industry 20(3), 1-6
    • Hanzhong
      • Xixiang County
Pingyi Wan (2002): China's Manganese Industry 20(3), 1-6
      • Zhenba County
Pingyi Wan (2002): China's Manganese Industry 20(3), 1-6
  • Sichuan
    • Dazhou
      • Wanyuan Co.
Pingyi Wan (2002): China's Manganese Industry 20(3), 1-6
Pingyi Wan (2002): China's Manganese Industry 20(3), 1-6
    • Ya'an
      • Hanyuan Co.
Yang Yuchun (1996): Acta Petrologica et Mineralogica 15(2), 186-190
  • Yunnan
    • Dali
      • Heqing County
Yang Yuchun (1996): Acta Petrologica et Mineralogica 15(2), 186-190
    • Wenshan
      • Yanshan County
Yang Yuchun (1996): Acta Petrologica et Mineralogica 15(2), 186-190
France
 
  • Occitanie
    • Hautes-Pyrénées
Le Règne Minéral 47: 5-21
        • Vielle-Aure
DE ASCENCAO GUEDES R., TIXADOR Y., CASTERET A. & GOUJOU JC. (2002) La mine de Coustou, Vielle-Aure, Hautes-Pyrénées. Le Règne Minéral, 47, 23-31. (in french)
Germany
 
  • Saxony-Anhalt
    • Harz
      • Oberharz am Brocken
        • Elbingerode
          • Schävenholz (Schebenholz; Schäbenholz)
Witzke, T. (2013): Die Minerale der Manganlagerstätte Schävenholz bei Elbingerode, Harz.- Aufschluss 64, 69-80
Italy
 
  • Liguria
    • Genoa
      • Ne
Handbook of Mineralogy
        • Reppia
          • Monte Copello
Rivista Mineralogica Italiana, (4), 131
    • La Spezia Province
      • Borghetto di Vara
analysed by Dr. Anthony Kampf, Natural History Museum of Los Angeles County, USA
      • Maissana
Castellaro, F., Passarino, G. (2011): I minerali di Monte Alpe. Sezione dell'antica Concessione Tre Monti (La Spezia e Genova). Rivista Mineralogica Italiana. 4/2011, 214-224.
  • Piedmont
    • Metropolitan City of Turin
      • Monastero di Lanzo
        • Chiaves
Ambrino, P., Ciriotti, M.E., Blass, G., Airaudi, D. (2010): Primo ritrovamento di caryopilite e kutnohorite in Piemonte: Croce di Chiaves, Ceres, Torino. Micro (UK report) 1/2010, 134-141
Japan
 
  • Ehime Prefecture
    • Ouzu City
M. Nakagawa, M. Santosh, S. Maruyama (2009) Distribution and mineral assemblages of bedded manganese deposits in Shikoku, Southwest Japan: Implications for accretion tectonics. Gondwana Research 16, 609–621.
    • Seiyo City
      • Nomura
Dr. Matsuo Nambu collection (curated at Geological Survey of Japan)
  • Fukui Prefecture
    • Mikatakaminaka District
      • Wakasa-cho
Kato, A. (2010) Mumeikai Group meeting, No. 30.
  • Gifu Prefecture
    • Minokamo City
Alfredo Petrov collection
  • Hyogo Prefecture
    • Taka District
Yamada, S. (2004) Nihonsan-koubutsu Gojuon-hairetsu Sanchi-ichiranhyou (111 pp.)
  • Iwate Prefecture
    • Kunohe-gun
      • Noda-mura
Dr. Matsuo Nambu ore collection (curated at Geological Survey of Japan); Dr. Matsuo Nambu ore collection (curated at Geological Survey of Japan)
    • Kuzumaki
Dr. Matsuo Nambu collection (curated by the Geological Survey of Japan)
    • Shimohei District
      • Iwaizumi
Dr. Matsuo Nambu collection (curated at Geological Survey of Japan)
  • Kanagawa Prefecture
    • Hadano City
Mineralogical Journal Vol. 17 (1994) , No. 5 pp 211-218
  • Kochi Prefecture
    • Agawa District
      • Ino
Gunnar Färber
    • Kami city
Moriyama, T., Miyawaki, R., Yokoyama, K., Matsubara, S., Hirano, H., Murakami, H., and Watanabe, Y. (2011): Wakefieldite-(Nd), a new neodymium vanadate mineral in the Arase stratiform ferromanganese deposit, Kochi Prefecture, Japan. Resource Geology 61, 101-110.
M. Nakagawa, M. Santosh, S. Maruyama (2009) Distribution and mineral assemblages of bedded manganese deposits in Shikoku, Southwest Japan: Implications for accretion tectonics. Gondwana Research 16, 609–621.
M. Nakagawa, M. Santosh, S. Maruyama (2009) Distribution and mineral assemblages of bedded manganese deposits in Shikoku, Southwest Japan: Implications for accretion tectonics. Gondwana Research 16, 609–621.
    • Nankoku city
Journal of Mineralogical and Petrological Sciences 103,400-406(2008)
M. Nakagawa, M. Santosh, S. Maruyama (2009) Distribution and mineral assemblages of bedded manganese deposits in Shikoku, Southwest Japan: Implications for accretion tectonics. Gondwana Research 16, 609–621.
M. Nakagawa, M. Santosh, S. Maruyama (2009) Distribution and mineral assemblages of bedded manganese deposits in Shikoku, Southwest Japan: Implications for accretion tectonics. Gondwana Research 16, 609–621.
  • Kumamoto Prefecture
Sameshima, T., & Kawachi, Y. (1991). Coombsite, Mn analogue of zussmanite, and associated Mn‐silicates, parsettensite and caryopilite, from southeast Otago, New Zealand. New Zealand Journal of Geology and Geophysics, 34(3), 329-335.
  • Kyoto Prefecture
    • Kyoto City
      • Kita-ku
Yamada, S. (2004) Nihonsan-koubutsu Gojuon-hairetsu Sanchi-ichiranhyou (111 pp.)
  • Mie Prefecture
    • Ise City
      • Shobu
http://www.issp.u-tokyo.ac.jp; Daisuke Nishio- Hamane, Norimitsu Tomita, Tetsuo Minakawa, and Sachio Inaba (2013) Iseite, Mn2Mo3O8, a new mineral from Ise, Mie Prefecture, Japan. Journal of Mineralogical and Petrological Sciences, 108, 37─41.
    • Toba City
Yamada, S. (2004) Nihonsan-koubutsu Gojuon-hairetsu Sanchi-ichiranhyou (111 pp.)
Matsubara S., Kato, A. (1989): A Barian Bannisterite from Japan. Mineralogical Magazine: 53: 85-87
  • Saitama Prefecture
    • Chichibu City
      • Urayama
K. Nishikubo, T. Yamada, A. Harada, M. Takizawa, K. Tange, Y. Kosuge, R. Miyawaki, and S. Matsubara (2005) "Rambergite from the Hirogawara mine, Urayama, Chichibu City, Saitama Prefecture, Japan" (abs.); Nishikubo, K., Yamada, T., Harada, A., Takizawa, M., Tange, K., Kosuge, Y., Miyawaki, R., Matsubara, S. (2009): Rambergite from the Hirogawara mine, Urayama, Chichibu City, Saitama Prefecture, Japan. Bulletin of the National Museum of Nature and Science Series C (Geology & Paleontology), 35, 7-10.
    • Hanno City
Satoshi Matsubara (1981) Taneyamalite, (Na, Ca)(Mn2+,Mg,Fe3+,Al)12Si12 (O,OH)44, a New Mineral from the Iwaizawa Mine, Saitama Prefecture, Japan. Mineralogical Magazine 44:51-53.
Kato, A. (2010) Mumeikai Group meeting, No. 30.
    • Hidaka City
Akira Kato (2009) Explanations of distributed specimens at the Ordinary Meeting of Mumeikai Group, No. 28 (November 2009).
  • Shiga Prefecture
    • Takashima City
Yamada, S. (2004) Nihonsan-koubutsu Gojuon-hairetsu Sanchi-ichiranhyou (111 pp.); Alfredo Petrov collection.
  • Tochigi Prefecture
    • Kanuma City
Akira Kato (undated manuscript): Country rock and Minerals of the Kaso mine, Kanuma City, Tochigi Prefecture. (in japanese)
Kato, A. (2010) Ordinary Meeting of Mumeikai Group No. 30, 488.
  • Tokyo Metropolis
    • Nishitama district
      • Okutama-cho
Alfredo Petrov specimens
Hirata, D. & Kato, A. (1993): Siegenite in a caryopilite ore from the Okutama mine, Tokyo. Bull. Kanagawa prefect. Mus. (Nat. Sci.), No. 22, 25-32.
  • Yamanashi Prefecture
    • Minami-Alps City
      • Kohsai
A. Kato et al. , Bull. Minéral., 1981, 104, pp. 396-399, France.
Mexico
 
  • Chihuahua
    • Aquiles Serdán Municipality
Peter Megw specimen, Mike Rumsey UKMNH analysis
New Zealand
 
  • Otago Region
    • Clutha District
Sameshima, T., Kawachi, Y. (1991) Coombsite, Mn analogue of zussmanite, and associated Mn-silicates, parsettensite and caryopilite, from southeast Otago, New Zealand. New Zealand Journal of Geology and Geophysics, 34:3, 329-335.
Norway
 
  • Telemark
    • Tokke
      • Botnedal
Wel, D.van der. (1999): The Minerals of the Brandsnuten Manganes Deposit, Tokke, Norway. Bergverksmuseets Skrift 15: 74-86; Selbekk R.S. (2010): Norges mineraler. En revidert utgave av Norges mineraler (Neumann 1985). Tapir-NGU-NHM. 552p
Romania
 
Hirtopanu, P. (2006). One hundred minerals for one hundred years (dedicated to the Centennial of the Geological Institute of Romania). In 3rd Conference on Mineral Sciences in the Carpathians, Miskolc Hungary. Acta Mineralogica–Petrographica, Abstract series (Vol. 5, p. 86).
  • Suceava
    • Suceava district
      • Iacobeni (Jakobeny; Jacobeny; Jakabfalva)
http://minerals-of-the-carpathians.eu
Russia
 
  • Bashkortostan
A. I. Brusnitsyn, I. G. Zhukov, V. N. Kuleshov (2009): The Bikkulovskoe manganese deposit (South Urals): Geological setting, composition of metalliferous rocks, and formation model. Lithology and Mineral Resources 44, 557-578.
    • Sibay
Brusnitsyn, A.I. (2006): Geology of Ore Deposits 48(3), 193-214.
    • Uchalinsky District
Brusnitsyn A. I., Starikova E. V., Shchukarev A. V., Chukanov N. V., Kalinina O. G. (2000): Caryopilite from Kyzyl-Tash manganese ore deposit (the South Urals). Zapiski RMO (Proceedings of the Russian Mineralogical Society) 129, 108-118 (in Russian).
  • Chelyabinsk Oblast
    • Verkhny Ufaley
      • Ufaley District (Ufalei District)
Talovina, I.V., Lazarenkov, V.G., Ryzhkova, S.O., Ugol'kov, V.L., and Vorontsova, N.I. (2008): Lithology and Mineral Resources 43(6), 588-595.; Berger, V.I., Singer, D.A., Bliss, J.D., and Moring, B.C., 2011, Ni-Co laterite deposits of the world; database and grade and tonnage models: U.S. Geological Survey Open-File Report 2011-1058.
  • Khakassia
    • Askizsky Rayon
      • Askiz ore district
Kassandrov, E. G., & Mazurov, M. P. (2009). Magmatogenic manganese ores of the South Minusa Intermontane Trough. Geology of Ore Deposits, 51(5), 356.
Kassandrov, E. G., & Mazurov, M. P. (2009). Magmatogenic manganese ores of the South Minusa Intermontane Trough. Geology of Ore Deposits, 51(5), 356.
  • Komi Republic
http://webmineral.ru/deposits/item.php?id=1551
Slovakia
 
  • Košice Region
    • Rožňava Co.
      • Rožňava (Rosenau; Rozsnyó)
        • Čučma
Koděra et all.,1990: Topografická mineralógia Slovenska, I-III, 1590p
South Africa
 
  • Northern Cape
    • Kalahari manganese field
      • Hotazel
Minerals of South Africa
      • Kuruman
        • N'Chwaning Mines
[Von Bezing, K. L. et al. (1991) - The Kalahari (Afrique du Sud) manganese field : an update, Mineralogical Record, 22 (3), 279-302.]
Minerals of South Africa
Sweden
 
  • Dalarna County
    • Hedemora
      • Garpenberg
Grensman, F., Kalinowski, M.P. and Sandström, F. (2001): Garpenberg Norra. Litofilen. 18 (2), 26-46.
  • Värmland County
    • Filipstad
Nysten, P., Holtstam, D. and Jonsson, E. (1999) The Långban minerals. In Långban - The mines,their minerals, geology and explorers (D. Holtstam and J. Langhof, eds.), Swedish Museum of Natural History and Raster Förlag, Stockholm & Chr. Weise Verlag, Munich, pp. 89-183.
      • Persberg ore district
        • Pajsberg
Hamberg, A. (1889). Über Karyopilit, ein wasserhaltiges Manganoxydulsilikat von der Grube Harstigen bei Pajsberg in Vermland. Geologiska Föreningens i Stockholm Förhandlingar. 11, 27-32
Switzerland
 
  • Grisons
    • Albula Region
      • Albula Valley
        • Oberhalbstein Alps
          • Tinizong (Tinzen)
Handbook of Mineralogy
    • Plessur Region
      • Arosa
        • Langwies
Analyses by N. Meisser, MGL Lausanne
UK
 
  • Wales
    • Gwynedd
      • Harlech
        • Moel Ysgyfarnogod
Cotterell, T.F. and Hubbard, N. (2013). Franklinphilite in veinlets in the Lower Cambrian manganese ore bed, Harlech, Merionethshire, Wales. Journal of the Russell Society, 16, 51-59.; http://www.museumwales.ac.uk/mineralogy/database/?mineral=450
      • Lleyn Peninsula
        • Llanfaelrhys
          • Nant-y-Gadwen
Cotterell, T.F., 2006. Caryopilite and pyroxmangite from Nant Mine, Nant-y-Gadwen, Llanfaelrhys, Pen Llyn, Gwynedd, Wales UK Journal of Mines and Minerals, 27, 51-53.
          • Rhiw
UK Journal of mines & Minerals, number 29 pp47-48
USA
 
  • California
    • Nevada Co.
      • Spenceville Mining District
        • Higgins Corner
Econ Geol (1992) 87:2023-2040
        • Limekiln
Econ Geol (1992) 87:2023-2040
    • Stanislaus Co.
      • Ladd-Buckeye Mining District
        • Mount Oso
Econ Geol (1992) 87:2023-2040; Huebner, J. Stephen; Flohr, Marta J. (1990) Microbanded manganese formations; protoliths in the Franciscan Complex, California; USGS Professional Paper 1502.
  • Colorado
    • Mineral Co.
      • Creede Mining District
Minerals of Colorado (1997) Eckel, E. B.; Foley, N. K.; Caddey, S. W.; Byington, C. B.; Vardiman, D. M. (1993) Mineralogy, mineral chemistry, and paragenesis of gold, silver, and base-metal ores of the North Amethyst vein system, San Juan Mountains, Mineral County, Colorado. USGS Professional Paper: 1537
  • Connecticut
    • Middlesex Co.
      • Haddam
Schooner, Richard. (circa 1980s), Untitled manuscript on central Connecticut minerals.
  • Massachusetts
    • Hampshire Co.
      • Plainfield
"Western Massachusetts Mineral Localities" by Alan Plante, Valley Geology Press, 1992.
  • Michigan
    • Baraga Co.
      • Alberta
        • Taylor Mine
George Robinson, Curator, A. E. Seaman Mineral Museum, pers. comm. 2011
  • New Jersey
    • Sussex County
      • Franklin Mining District
        • Franklin
Dunn (1995): Pt4: 491.
        • Ogdensburg
          • Sterling Hill
Dunn(1995):Pt4:491-492.
  • North Carolina
    • Alleghany Co.
      • Sparta
        • Bald Knob
Rocks & Min.: 60:130-135.
  • Washington
    • Clallam Co.
      • Elwah Ranger Station
Handbook of Mineralogy
 
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