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Carlsbergite

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About CarlsbergiteHide

Formula:
CrN
Hardness:
7
Crystal System:
Isometric
Member of:
Name:
Named in honor of the Carlsberg Foundation, Copenhagen, Denmark, that funded the research.
Isostructural with:
The Cr analogue of both the Ti-dominant osbornite and V-dominant uakitite. The only currently known Cr-N mineral.


Classification of CarlsbergiteHide

Approved
Approval Year:
1971
First Published:
1971
Approval History:
IMA1971-026
1.BC.15

1 : ELEMENTS (Metals and intermetallic alloys; metalloids and nonmetals; carbides, silicides, nitrides, phosphides)
B : Metallic Carbides, Silicides, Nitrides and Phosphides
C : Nitrides
Dana 7th ed.:
1.1.30.1
1.1.20.1

1 : NATIVE ELEMENTS AND ALLOYS
1 : Metals, other than the Platinum Group
2.5

2 : Carbides, Nitrides, Silicides and Phosphides

Physical Properties of CarlsbergiteHide

Transparency:
Opaque
Hardness:

Optical Data of CarlsbergiteHide

Type:
Isotropic
Colour in reflected light:
Light gray with a rose-violet tint

Chemical Properties of CarlsbergiteHide

Formula:
CrN

Crystallography of CarlsbergiteHide

Crystal System:
Isometric
Class (H-M):
m3m (4/m 3 2/m) - Hexoctahedral
Space Group:
Fm3m
Cell Parameters:
a = 4.16(3) Å
Unit Cell V:
71.99 ų (Calculated from Unit Cell)

Type Occurrence of CarlsbergiteHide

General Appearance of Type Material:
Grains to 30 um.
Place of Conservation of Type Material:
University of Copenhagen, Copenhagen, Denmark, 1967,410.
American Museum of Natural History, New York, New York, USA.
Geological Setting of Type Material:
Iron meteorites
Reference:
Buchwald, V.F., Scott, E.R.D. (1971) First nitride (CrN) in iron meteorites. Nature Physical Science: 233: 113-114.

Synonyms of CarlsbergiteHide

Other Language Names for CarlsbergiteHide

Relationship of Carlsbergite to other SpeciesHide

Member of:
Other Members of this group:
OsborniteTiNIso. m3m (4/m 3 2/m) : Fm3m
UakititeVNIso. m3m (4/m 3 2/m) : Fm3m

Common AssociatesHide

Associated Minerals Based on Photo Data:
Kamacite1 photo of Carlsbergite associated with Kamacite on mindat.org.

Related Minerals - Nickel-Strunz GroupingHide

1.BC.UM2007-16-N:TiTi7N3
1.BC.05Roaldite(Fe,Ni)4N
1.BC.10SiderazotFe5N2Hex.
1.BC.15OsborniteTiNIso. m3m (4/m 3 2/m) : Fm3m
1.BC.20Unnamed (Gallium Nitride)GaNHex. 6mm : P63mc

Related Minerals - Hey's Chemical Index of Minerals GroupingHide

2.1MoissaniteSiCHex. 6mm : P63mc
2.2SinoiteSi2N2OOrth.
2.3OsborniteTiNIso. m3m (4/m 3 2/m) : Fm3m
2.4TongbaiteCr3C2Orth.
2.6SiderazotFe5N2Hex.
2.7GupeiiteFe3SiIso.
2.8XifengiteFe5Si3Hex. 6/mmm (6/m 2/m 2/m) : P63/mcm
2.9Khamrabaevite(Ti,V,Fe)C
2.10Haxonite(Fe,Ni)23C6Iso. m3m (4/m 3 2/m) : Fm3m
2.11CoheniteFe3COrth.
2.12Roaldite(Fe,Ni)4N
2.13Suessite(Fe,Ni)3Si
2.14Schreibersite(Fe,Ni)3PTet. 4 : I4
2.15Barringerite(Fe,Ni)2PHex. 6 m2 : P62m
2.16Perryite(Ni,Fe)5(Si,P)2Trig.

Other InformationHide

Health Risks:
No information on health risks for this material has been entered into the database. You should always treat mineral specimens with care.

References for CarlsbergiteHide

Reference List:
Sort by Year (asc) | by Year (desc) | by Author (A-Z) | by Author (Z-A)
Buchwald, V.F., Scott, E.R.D. (1971) First nitride (CrN) in iron meteorites. Nature Physical Science: 233: 113-114.
Fleischer, M. (1972) New mineral names. American Mineralogist: 57: 1311-1317.
Khodakovsky, I.L. and Petaev, M.I. (1981) Thermodinamicheskie svoict va I usloviya obrazovaniya osbornita, sinoita i karlsbergita v meteoritakh. Geokhimiya: 3: 329-340.
Nolze, G., Wagner, G., Saliwan Neumann, R., Skála, R., Geist, V. (2006) Orientation relationships of carlsbergite in schreibersite and kamacite in the north Chile iron meteorite. Mineralogical Magazine: 70: 373-382.

Internet Links for CarlsbergiteHide

Localities for CarlsbergiteHide

ⓘ - Click for further information on this occurrence. ? - Indicates mineral may be doubtful at this locality. - Good crystals or important locality for species. - World class for species or very significant. (TL) - Type Locality for a valid mineral species. (FRL) - First Recorded Locality for everything else (eg varieties). Struck out - Mineral was erroneously reported from this locality. Faded * - Never found at this locality but inferred to have existed at some point in the past (eg from pseudomorphs.)

All localities listed without proper references should be considered as questionable.
Azerbaijan
 
  • Yardymli District
    • Baku
Buchwald, V. F. (1975) Handbook of Iron Meteorites, vol 3. University of California Press.
Chile
 
  • Antofagasta Region
    • Antofagasta Province
H. J. Axon, J. Kinder, C. W. Haworth and J. W. Horsfield (1981) Carlsbergite, CrN, in Troilite, FeS, of the Sikhote Alin Meteoritic Iron. Mineralogical Magazine 44:107-109.
Denmark (TL)
 
  • Greenland
    • Qaasuitsup
      • Saviksoah Peninsula
Nature (1971) 233, 113-114; Handbook of Mineralogy
Germany
 
  • Saxony
    • Dresden
      • Perna
H. J. Axon, J. Kinder, C. W. Haworth and J. W. Horsfield (1981) Carlsbergite, CrN, in Troilite, FeS, of the Sikhote Alin Meteoritic Iron. Mineralogical Magazine 44:107-109.; Buchwald, V. F. (1975). Handbook of Iron Meteorites: Their History, Distribution, Composition and Structure (3 Vol.). Univ. of California Press: Berkley. 1418 pages
India
 
  • Rajasthan (Rajputana)
    • Ajmer Division
      • Bhilwara District
Buchwald, V. F. (1975) Handbook of Iron Meteorites. University of California Press. 1418 pages. ; Ghosh, S. (1994) Structural Characteristics of Indian Iron Meteorites (Report for the Field Season 1992-93). Geological Survey of India. (January 1994)
Japan
 
  • Kyushu Region
    • Nansei Archipelago
      • Okinawa Prefecture
        • Senkaku Islands (Diaoyudao Islands; Diaoyutai Islands)
Ouroboros - www.um.u-tokyo.ac.jp/museum/ouroboros/01_03/diaoyudaoite.html
Mexico
 
  • Chihuahua
    • Casas Grandes
Buchwald, V. F. (1975) Handbook of Iron Meteorites. University of California Press. 1418 pages.
    • Mun. de Hidalgo del Parral
Buchwald, V. F. (1975) Handbook of Iron Meteorites. University of California Press. 1418 pages.
  • Sonora
    • Mun. de Arizpe
      • Arizpe
Buchwald, V. F. (1975) Handbook of Iron Meteorites. University of California Press. 1418 pages.
Nigeria
 
  • Cross River State
H. J. Axon, J. Kinder, C. W. Haworth and J. W. Horsfield (1981) Carlsbergite, CrN, in Troilite, FeS, of the Sikhote Alin Meteoritic Iron. Mineralogical Magazine 44:107-109.; Buchwald, V. F. (1975) Handbook of Iron Meteorites. Vol 3., pages 1255-1259. University of California Press.
Russia
 
  • Primorsky Krai
    • Paseka village
Pavel M. Kartashov data; H. J. Axon, J. Kinder, C. W. Haworth and J. W. Horsfield (1981) Carlsbergite, CrN, in Troilite, FeS, of the Sikhote Alin Meteoritic Iron. Mineralogical Magazine 44:107-109.
  • Zabaykalsky Krai
    • Buriatia Republic (Buryatia)
      • Baunt District
Meteoritical Bulletin Database
Somalia
 
  • Bakool Region
    • Uegit (Wajid)
      • Dersa
Buchwald, V. F., & Scott, E. R. (1971): First nitride (CrN) in iron meteorites. Nature Phys. Soc., 233, 113-114.
South Africa
 
  • Western Cape Province
    • Cape Winelands District
H. J. Axon, J. Kinder, C. W. Haworth and J. W. Horsfield (1981) Carlsbergite, CrN, in Troilite, FeS, of the Sikhote Alin Meteoritic Iron. Mineralogical Magazine 44:107-109.
USA
 
  • Arizona
    • Coconino Co.
      • Winslow
        • Meteor Crater area
Anthony, J.W., et al (1995), Mineralogy of Arizona, 3rd.ed.: 154.
  • California
    • Modoc Co.
      • Goose Lake
Buchwald, V. F. (1975) Handbook of Iron Meteorites. University of California Press. 1418 pages.
  • Georgia
    • Oglethorpe Co.
H. J. Axon, J. Kinder, C. W. Haworth and J. W. Horsfield (1981) Carlsbergite, CrN, in Troilite, FeS, of the Sikhote Alin Meteoritic Iron. Mineralogical Magazine 44:107-109.
  • Kentucky
    • Franklin Co.
Buchwald, V. F. (1975) Handbook of Iron Meteorites. University of California Press. 3 volumes, 1418 pages.
    • Kenton Co.
Zapiski Vseross. Mineral. Obshch. (1999) 128/3, 64-72 (in russian)
  • Montana
    • Broadwater Co.
H. J. Axon, J. Kinder, C. W. Haworth and J. W. Horsfield (1981) Carlsbergite, CrN, in Troilite, FeS, of the Sikhote Alin Meteoritic Iron. Mineralogical Magazine 44:107-109.
  • North Carolina
    • Buncombe Co.
Buchwald,Vagn F.,(1975) Handbook of Iron Meteorites
    • Cherokee Co.
      • Murphy
H. J. Axon, J. Kinder, C. W. Haworth and J. W. Horsfield (1981) Carlsbergite, CrN, in Troilite, FeS, of the Sikhote Alin Meteoritic Iron. Mineralogical Magazine 44:107-109.
    • Davidson Co.
H. J. Axon, J. Kinder, C. W. Haworth and J. W. Horsfield (1981) Carlsbergite, CrN, in Troilite, FeS, of the Sikhote Alin Meteoritic Iron. Mineralogical Magazine 44:107-109.
    • Guilford Co.
Buchwald,Vagn F.,(1975) Handbook of Iron Meteorites
    • Randolph Co.
Buchwald,Vagn F.,(1975) Handbook of Iron Meteorites
  • Pennsylvania
    • Somerset Co.
      • New Baltimore
Handbook of Mineralogy
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