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Carlinite

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Formula:
Tl2S
Colour:
Grey
Lustre:
Metallic
Hardness:
1½ - 2
Specific Gravity:
8.1
Crystal System:
Trigonal
Name:
Named for the Carlin gold deposit, Nevada, USA, type locality.
This page provides mineralogical data about Carlinite.


Hide all sections | Show all sections

Classification of CarliniteHide

Approved
First Published:
1975
2.BD.25

2 : SULFIDES and SULFOSALTS (sulfides, selenides, tellurides; arsenides, antimonides, bismuthides; sulfarsenites, sulfantimonites, sulfbismuthites, etc.)
B : Metal Sulfides, M: S > 1: 1 (mainly 2: 1)
D : With Hg, Tl
2.4.13.1

2 : SULFIDES
4 : AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 2:1
3.5.11

3 : Sulphides, Selenides, Tellurides, Arsenides and Bismuthides (except the arsenides, antimonides and bismuthides of Cu, Ag and Au, which are included in Section 1)
5 : Sulphides etc. of Hg and Tl

Physical Properties of CarliniteHide

Metallic
Transparency:
Opaque
Colour:
Grey
Comment:
Oxidized surfaces become darker and duller.
Streak:
Dark grey to black
Hardness:
1½ - 2 on Mohs scale
Hardness:
VHN50=20.1 - 23.8 kg/mm2 - Vickers
Tenacity:
Sectile
Cleavage:
Perfect
(0001)
Fracture:
Irregular/Uneven
Density:
8.1 g/cm3 (Measured)    8.55 g/cm3 (Calculated)

Optical Data of CarliniteHide

Type:
Anisotropic
Anisotropism:
Moderate to distinct
Colour in reflected light:
White with faint bluish cast.
Pleochroism:
Visible
Comments:
Brownish gray to bluish gray

Chemical Properties of CarliniteHide

Formula:
Tl2S

Crystallography of CarliniteHide

Crystal System:
Trigonal
Class (H-M):
3 - Pyramidal
Space Group:
R3
Cell Parameters:
a = 12.12 Å, c = 18.17 Å
Ratio:
a:c = 1 : 1.499
Unit Cell V:
2310 ų
Z:
27
Morphology:
Small anhedral grains, poorly developed rhombohedral and tabular forms.

Type Occurrence of CarliniteHide

Place of Conservation of Type Material:
Smithsonian
Geological Setting of Type Material:
Carlin type gold deposit
Associated Minerals at Type Locality:
Reference:
Radtke, A.S., Dickson, F.W. (1975) Carlinite, Tl2S, a new mineral from Nevada. American Mineralogist: 60: 559-565.

Synonyms of CarliniteHide

Other Language Names for CarliniteHide

German:Carlinit
Simplified Chinese:辉铊矿
Spanish:Carlinita

Related Minerals - Nickel-Strunz GroupingHide

2.BD.UM2004-33-S:AgCuHgSe(Ag,Cu)8Hg3(S,Se)7
2.BD.05ImiteriteAg2HgS2Mon.
2.BD.10GortdrumiteCu24Fe2Hg9S23Tric. 1 : P1
2.BD.15BalkaniteCu9Ag5HgS8Mon. 2/m : P2/m
2.BD.15Danielsite(Cu,Ag)14HgS8Orth.
2.BD.20DonharrisiteNi3HgS3Mon. 2/m : B2/m
2.BD.30BukoviteTl2(Cu,Fe)4Se4Tet.
2.BD.30MurunskiteK2(Cu,Fe)4S4Tet.
2.BD.30ThalcusiteTl2Cu3FeS4Tet.
2.BD.35Rohaite(Tl,Pb,K)2Cu8.7Sb2S4Orth.
2.BD.40ChalcothalliteTl2(Cu,Fe)6SbS4Tet. 4/mmm (4/m 2/m 2/m) : I4/mmm
2.BD.45SabatieriteCu6TlSe4Orth.
2.BD.50CrookesiteCu7(Tl, Ag)Se4Tet.
2.BD.55BrodtkorbiteCu2HgSe2Mon. 2/m : P21/m

Related Minerals - Hey's Chemical Index of Minerals GroupingHide

3.5.1CinnabarHgSTrig. 3 2 : P31 2 1
3.5.2HypercinnabarHgSHex.
3.5.3MetacinnabarHgSIso. 4 3m : F4 3m
3.5.4ImiteriteAg2HgS2Mon.
3.5.5TiemanniteHgSeIso. 4 3m : F4 3m
3.5.6BalkaniteCu9Ag5HgS8Mon. 2/m : P2/m
3.5.7Danielsite(Cu,Ag)14HgS8Orth.
3.5.8ColoradoiteHgTeIso. m3m (4/m 3 2/m)
3.5.9GortdrumiteCu24Fe2Hg9S23Tric. 1 : P1
3.5.10Polhemusite(Zn,Hg)STet.
3.5.12CrookesiteCu7(Tl, Ag)Se4Tet.
3.5.13SabatieriteCu6TlSe4Orth.
3.5.14PicotpauliteTlFe2S3Orth. mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m) : Cmcm
3.5.15RaguiniteTlFeS2Orth.
3.5.16ThalcusiteTl2Cu3FeS4Tet.
3.5.17BukoviteTl2(Cu,Fe)4Se4Tet.
3.5.18GalliteCuGaS2Tet. 4 2m : I4 2d
3.5.19RoquesiteCuInS2Tet. 4 2m : I4 2d
3.5.20InditeFeIn2S4Iso. m3m (4/m 3 2/m) : Fd3m

Other InformationHide

Health Risks:
No information on health risks for this material has been entered into the database. You should always treat mineral specimens with care.

References for CarliniteHide

Reference List:
Sort by Year (asc) | by Year (desc) | by Author (A-Z) | by Author (Z-A)
Ketelaar, J.A.A., Gorter, E.W. (1939) Die kristallstruktur von thallosulfid (Tl2S). Zeitschrift für Kristallographie: 101: 367-375.
Man, L.I. (1970) Determination of the structure of Tl2S by the electron diffraction method. Soviet Physics - Crystallography: 15: 399-403.
Radtke, A.S., Dickson, F.W. (1975) Carlinite, Tl2S, a new mineral from Nevada. American Mineralogist: 60: 559-565.
Giester, G., Lengauer, C.L., Tillmanns, E., Zemann, J. (2002) Tl2S: Re-determination of crystal structure and stereochemical discussion. Journal of Solid State Chemistry: 168: 322-330.

Internet Links for CarliniteHide

Localities for CarliniteHide

This map shows a selection of localities that have latitude and longitude coordinates recorded. Click on the symbol to view information about a locality. The symbol next to localities in the list can be used to jump to that position on the map.

Locality ListHide

- This locality has map coordinates listed. - This locality has estimated coordinates. ⓘ - Click for further information on this occurrence. ? - Indicates mineral may be doubtful at this locality. - Good crystals or important locality for species. - World class for species or very significant. (TL) - Type Locality for a valid mineral species. (FRL) - First Recorded Locality for everything else (eg varieties). Struck out - Mineral was erroneously reported from this locality. Faded * - Never found at this locality but inferred to have existed at some point in the past (eg from pseudomorphs.)

All localities listed without proper references should be considered as questionable.
USA (TL)
 
  • Nevada
    • Eureka Co.
      • Lynn Mining District
        • Elko
[Amer.Min.(1975) 60, 559-565; Nickel & Nichols, 1991, p34 - "Mineral Reference Manual"]
        • Goldstrike Mines
          • Betze-Post pit
NBMG Spec. Pub. 31 Minerals of Nevada
 
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