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Cancrinite

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About CancriniteHide

04444350014946350736390.jpg
Yegor Frantsevich Cancrin
Formula:
(Na,Ca,◻)8(Al6Si6O24)(CO3,SO4)2 · 2H2O
Colour:
grey-green, white, yellow, blue, orange, reddish
Lustre:
Vitreous, Greasy, Pearly
Hardness:
5 - 6
Specific Gravity:
2.42 - 2.51
Crystal System:
Hexagonal
Name:
For Count Egor Frantsevich Kankrin (Georg Cancrin) (16 November 1774 – 10 September 1845), Russian Minister of Finance.
Cancrinite Group. Also classed as a feldspathoid.

In the structure there are large channels closed by 12-membered tetrahedra rings. The channels are surrounded by cages set in columns. In the members of "cancrinite subgroup" the cages contain [Na(H2O)]+ clusters.

Visit gemdat.org for gemological information about Cancrinite.


Classification of CancriniteHide

Approved, 'Grandfathered' (first described prior to 1959)
9.FB.05

9 : SILICATES (Germanates)
F : Tektosilicates without zeolitic H2O
B : Tektosilicates with additional anions
76.2.5.3

76 : TECTOSILICATES Al-Si Framework
2 : Al-Si Framework Feldspathoids and related species
17.4.7

17 : Silicates Containing other Anions
4 : Silicates with carbonates

Physical Properties of CancriniteHide

Vitreous, Greasy, Pearly
Transparency:
Transparent, Translucent
Colour:
grey-green, white, yellow, blue, orange, reddish
Streak:
white
Hardness:
5 - 6 on Mohs scale
Tenacity:
Brittle
Cleavage:
Perfect
Perfect on {1010}, poor on {0001}
Fracture:
Irregular/Uneven
Density:
2.42 - 2.51 g/cm3 (Measured)    2.49 g/cm3 (Calculated)

Optical Data of CancriniteHide

Type:
Uniaxial (+/-)
RI values:
nω = 1.507 - 1.528 nε = 1.495 - 1.503
Max Birefringence:
δ = 0.012 - 0.025
Image shows birefringence interference colour range (at 30µm thickness)
and does not take into account mineral colouration.
Surface Relief:
Low

Chemical Properties of CancriniteHide

Formula:
(Na,Ca,◻)8(Al6Si6O24)(CO3,SO4)2 · 2H2O
IMA Formula:
(Na,Ca,◻)8(Al6Si6)O24(CO3,SO4)2 · 2H2O
Common Impurities:
Ti,Fe,Mg,K,Cl,S

Crystallography of CancriniteHide

Crystal System:
Hexagonal
Class (H-M):
6 - Pyramidal
Space Group:
P63
Cell Parameters:
a = 12.67(9) Å, c = 5.15(4) Å
Ratio:
a:c = 1 : 0.406
Unit Cell V:
715.96 ų (Calculated from Unit Cell)
Z:
1
Morphology:
Commonly massive, rarely as prismatic crystals.
Twinning:
Rare lamellar
Comment:
Range of unit-cell parameters: a = 12.58-12.76 Å, c = 5.11-5.20 Å.

Crystal StructureHide

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IDSpeciesReferenceLinkYearLocalityPressure (GPa)Temp (K)
0002623CancriniteFechtelkord M, Stief F, Buhl J-C (2001) Sodium cation dynamics in nitrate cancrinite: A low and high temperature Na and H MAS NMR study and high temperature Rietveld structure refinement American Mineralogist 86 165-17520010293
0002624CancriniteFechtelkord M, Stief F, Buhl J-C (2001) Sodium cation dynamics in nitrate cancrinite: A low and high temperature Na and H MAS NMR study and high temperature Rietveld structure refinement American Mineralogist 86 165-17520010293
0002658CancriniteFechtelkord M, Posnatzki B, Buhl J-C, Fyfe C A, Groat L A, Raudsepp M (2001) Characterization of synthetic Cs-Li cancrinite grown in a butanediol-water system: An NMR spectroscopic and Rietveld refinement study American Mineralogist 86 881-88820010293
0004164CancriniteHassan I, Antao S M, Parise J B (2006) Cancrinite: Crystal structure, phase transitions, and dehydration behaviour with temperature American Mineralogist 91 1117-11242006Dungannon Township, Bancroft, Ontario, Canada0293
0004165CancriniteHassan I, Antao S M, Parise J B (2006) Cancrinite: Crystal structure, phase transitions, and dehydration behaviour with temperature American Mineralogist 91 1117-11242006Dungannon Township, Bancroft, Ontario, Canada0293
0004166CancriniteHassan I, Antao S M, Parise J B (2006) Cancrinite: Crystal structure, phase transitions, and dehydration behaviour with temperature American Mineralogist 91 1117-11242006Dungannon Township, Bancroft, Ontario, Canada0293
0004167CancriniteHassan I, Antao S M, Parise J B (2006) Cancrinite: Crystal structure, phase transitions, and dehydration behaviour with temperature American Mineralogist 91 1117-11242006Dungannon Township, Bancroft, Ontario, Canada0293
0004168CancriniteHassan I, Antao S M, Parise J B (2006) Cancrinite: Crystal structure, phase transitions, and dehydration behaviour with temperature American Mineralogist 91 1117-11242006Dungannon Township, Bancroft, Ontario, Canada0293
0004169CancriniteHassan I, Antao S M, Parise J B (2006) Cancrinite: Crystal structure, phase transitions, and dehydration behaviour with temperature American Mineralogist 91 1117-11242006Dungannon Township, Bancroft, Ontario, Canada0293
0004170CancriniteHassan I, Antao S M, Parise J B (2006) Cancrinite: Crystal structure, phase transitions, and dehydration behaviour with temperature American Mineralogist 91 1117-11242006Dungannon Township, Bancroft, Ontario, Canada0293
0004171CancriniteHassan I, Antao S M, Parise J B (2006) Cancrinite: Crystal structure, phase transitions, and dehydration behaviour with temperature American Mineralogist 91 1117-11242006Dungannon Township, Bancroft, Ontario, Canada0293
0004172CancriniteHassan I, Antao S M, Parise J B (2006) Cancrinite: Crystal structure, phase transitions, and dehydration behaviour with temperature American Mineralogist 91 1117-11242006Dungannon Township, Bancroft, Ontario, Canada0293
0004173CancriniteHassan I, Antao S M, Parise J B (2006) Cancrinite: Crystal structure, phase transitions, and dehydration behaviour with temperature American Mineralogist 91 1117-11242006Dungannon Township, Bancroft, Ontario, Canada0293
0004174CancriniteHassan I, Antao S M, Parise J B (2006) Cancrinite: Crystal structure, phase transitions, and dehydration behaviour with temperature American Mineralogist 91 1117-11242006Dungannon Township, Bancroft, Ontario, Canada0293
0004175CancriniteHassan I, Antao S M, Parise J B (2006) Cancrinite: Crystal structure, phase transitions, and dehydration behaviour with temperature American Mineralogist 91 1117-11242006Dungannon Township, Bancroft, Ontario, Canada0293
0004176CancriniteHassan I, Antao S M, Parise J B (2006) Cancrinite: Crystal structure, phase transitions, and dehydration behaviour with temperature American Mineralogist 91 1117-11242006Dungannon Township, Bancroft, Ontario, Canada0293
0004177CancriniteHassan I, Antao S M, Parise J B (2006) Cancrinite: Crystal structure, phase transitions, and dehydration behaviour with temperature American Mineralogist 91 1117-11242006Dungannon Township, Bancroft, Ontario, Canada0293
0004178CancriniteHassan I, Antao S M, Parise J B (2006) Cancrinite: Crystal structure, phase transitions, and dehydration behaviour with temperature American Mineralogist 91 1117-11242006Dungannon Township, Bancroft, Ontario, Canada0293
0019024CancriniteLotti P, Gatta G D, Rotiroti N, Camara F (2012) High-pressure study of a natural cancrinite American Mineralogist 97 872-8822012Cameroun0.0001293
0019025CancriniteLotti P, Gatta G D, Rotiroti N, Camara F (2012) High-pressure study of a natural cancrinite American Mineralogist 97 872-8822012Cameroun0.0001293
0019026CancriniteLotti P, Gatta G D, Rotiroti N, Camara F (2012) High-pressure study of a natural cancrinite American Mineralogist 97 872-8822012Cameroun0.76293
0019027CancriniteLotti P, Gatta G D, Rotiroti N, Camara F (2012) High-pressure study of a natural cancrinite American Mineralogist 97 872-8822012Cameroun0.99293
0019028CancriniteLotti P, Gatta G D, Rotiroti N, Camara F (2012) High-pressure study of a natural cancrinite American Mineralogist 97 872-8822012Cameroun1.39293
0019029CancriniteLotti P, Gatta G D, Rotiroti N, Camara F (2012) High-pressure study of a natural cancrinite American Mineralogist 97 872-8822012Cameroun2.33293
0019030CancriniteLotti P, Gatta G D, Rotiroti N, Camara F (2012) High-pressure study of a natural cancrinite American Mineralogist 97 872-8822012Cameroun3.59293
0019031CancriniteLotti P, Gatta G D, Rotiroti N, Camara F (2012) High-pressure study of a natural cancrinite American Mineralogist 97 872-8822012Cameroun4.3293
0019032CancriniteLotti P, Gatta G D, Rotiroti N, Camara F (2012) High-pressure study of a natural cancrinite American Mineralogist 97 872-8822012Cameroun5293
0019033CancriniteLotti P, Gatta G D, Rotiroti N, Camara F (2012) High-pressure study of a natural cancrinite American Mineralogist 97 872-8822012Cameroun5.73293
0019034CancriniteLotti P, Gatta G D, Rotiroti N, Camara F (2012) High-pressure study of a natural cancrinite American Mineralogist 97 872-8822012Cameroun6.16293
0019035CancriniteLotti P, Gatta G D, Rotiroti N, Camara F (2012) High-pressure study of a natural cancrinite American Mineralogist 97 872-8822012Cameroun6.63293
0005185CancriniteGrundy H D, Hassan I (1982) The crystal structure of a carbonate-rich cancrinite The Canadian Mineralogist 20 239-25119820293
0005267CancriniteHassan I, Grundy H D (1991) The crystal structure of basic cancrinite, ideally Na8[Al6Si6O24](OH)2.3H2O The Canadian Mineralogist 29 377-38319910293
0007001CancriniteFechtelkord M, Posnatzki B, Buhl J-C (2003) Characterization of basic cancrinite synthesized in a butanediol-water system European Journal of Mineralogy 15 589-59820030293
0007028CancriniteBallirano P, Maras A (2004) The crystal structure of a "disordered" cancrinite European Journal of Mineralogy 16 135-1412004Cava Satom, Cameroon0293
0019757CancriniteJarchow O (1965) Atomanordnung und Strukturverfeinerung von Cancrinit Zeitschrift fur Kristallographie 122 407-4221965Litchfield, USA0293
0012418CancriniteRozenberg K A, Rastsvetaeva R K, Chukanov N V (2009) Crystal structures of oxalate-bearing cancrinite with an unusual arrangement of CO3 groups and sulfate-rich davyne Crystallography Reports 54 793-7992009Kovdor massif, Kola Peninsula, Russia0293
0012419CancriniteRozenberg K A, Rastsvetaeva R K, Chukanov N V (2009) Crystal structures of oxalate-bearing cancrinite with an unusual arrangement of CO3 groups and sulfate-rich davyne Crystallography Reports 54 793-7992009Kovdor massif, Kola Peninsula, Russia0293
CIF Raw Data - click here to close

X-Ray Powder DiffractionHide

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Radiation - Copper Kα
Data Set:
Data courtesy of RRUFF project at University of Arizona, used with permission.

Geological EnvironmentHide

Geological Setting:
Primary mineral in alkalic igneous rocks, alteration product of nepheline.

Type Occurrence of CancriniteHide

Other Language Names for CancriniteHide

German:Cancrinit
Simplified Chinese:钙霞石
Spanish:Cancrinita
Traditional Chinese:鈣霞石

Relationship of Cancrinite to other SpeciesHide

Other Members of this group:
Afghanite(Na,K)22Ca10(Si24Al24O96)(SO4)6Cl6Trig. 3m : P3 1c
Alloriite(Na,Ca,K)26Ca4(Al6Si6O24)4(SO4)6Cl6Trig. 3m : P3 1c
Balliranoite(Na,K)6Ca2(Si6Al6O24)Cl2(CO3)Hex. 6 : P63
Biachellaite(Na,Ca,K)8(Al6Si6O24)(SO4)2(OH)0.5 · H2OTrig. 3 : P3
Bystrite(Na,K)7Ca(Al6Si6O24)(S5)ClHex.
CancrisiliteNa7(Al5Si7O24)(CO3) · 3H2OHex.
CarbobystriteNa8(Al6Si6O24)(CO3) · 3.5H2OTrig. 3m : P3 1c
Davyne(Na,K)6Ca2(Al6Si6O24)(Cl2,SO4)2Hex. 6/m : P63/m
DepmeieriteNa8(Al6Si6O24)(PO4,CO3)1-x · 3H2O (xHex. 6 : P63
Fantappièite[Na82.5Ca33K16.5](Si99Al99O396)(SO4)33 · 4H2OTrig. 3 : R3
Franzinite(Na,K)6Ca2(Al6Si6O24)(SO4)2 · 0.5H2OHex.
Giuseppettite(Na,K,Ca)7-8(Al6Si6O24)(SO4,Cl)1-2Trig. 3m : P3 1c
HydroxycancriniteNa8(Al6Si6O24)(OH)2 · 2H2OHex.
KircheriteNa5Ca2K(Al6Si6O24)(SO4)2 · 0.33H2OTrig. 3 2 : R3 2
KyanoxaliteNa7(Al6-xSi6+xO24)(C2O4)0.5+x · 5H2O (0 < x < 0.5)Hex. 6 : P63
Liottite(Na,K)16Ca8(Al6Si6O24)3(SO4)5Cl4Hex. 6 : P6
Marinellite(Na,K)42Ca6(Al6Si6O24)6(SO4)8Cl2 · 3H2OTrig. 3m : P3 1c
MicrosommiteNa4K2Ca2(Al6Si6O24)(SO4)Cl2Hex.
PitiglianoiteNa6K2(Al6Si6O24)(SO4) · 2H2OHex.
Quadridavyne(Na,K)6Ca2(Al6Si6O24)Cl4Hex.
Sacrofanite(Na61K19Ca32)(Si84Al84O336)(SO4)26Cl2F6 · 2H2OHex.
SulfhydrylbystriteNa5K2Ca[Al6Si6O24](S5)2(SH)Trig. 3m : P3 1c
Tounkite(Na,Ca,K)8(Al6Si6O24)(SO4)2Cl · H2OHex.
UM2004-48-SiO:AlClCaNaS(Na,Ca)8(Si6Al6)O24(SO4)1.7Cl1.3
UM2009-23-SiO:AlCCaClHKNaS(Na,Ca)24K10[(Si,Al)60O120](SO4)5.6Cl1.5(CO3)0.4 · 11H2OTrig. 3 : P3
Vishnevite(Na,K)8(Al6Si6O24)(SO4,CO3) · 2H2OHex. 6 : P63
Structurally related to group(s):
Sodalite GroupThe Sodalite Group is characterised by sodalite-type stacking of alumosilicate building units that produces ...

Common AssociatesHide

AndraditeCa3Fe3+2(SiO4)3
MonticelliteCaMgSiO4
NatroliteNa2Al2Si3O10 · 2H2O
NephelineNa3K(Al4Si4O16)
OrthoclaseK(AlSi3O8)
SodaliteNa4(Si3Al3)O12Cl
Associated Minerals Based on Photo Data:
47 photos of Cancrinite associated with SodaliteNa4(Si3Al3)O12Cl
15 photos of Cancrinite associated with NephelineNa3K(Al4Si4O16)
10 photos of Cancrinite associated with AnniteKFe2+3(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
7 photos of Cancrinite associated with AlbiteNa(AlSi3O8)
6 photos of Cancrinite associated with AegirineNaFe3+Si2O6
5 photos of Cancrinite associated with ZirconZr(SiO4)
4 photos of Cancrinite associated with Hydronephelite
3 photos of Cancrinite associated with BiotiteK(Fe2+/Mg)2(Al/Fe3+/Mg/Ti)([Si/Al/Fe]2Si2O10)(OH/F)2 or Simplified: K(Mg,Fe)3AlSi3O10(OH)2
3 photos of Cancrinite associated with HackmaniteNa8Al6Si6O24(Cl2,S)
2 photos of Cancrinite associated with NatroliteNa2Al2Si3O10 · 2H2O

Related Minerals - Nickel-Strunz GroupingHide

9.FB.05Afghanite(Na,K)22Ca10(Si24Al24O96)(SO4)6Cl6Trig. 3m : P3 1c
9.FB.05Bystrite(Na,K)7Ca(Al6Si6O24)(S5)ClHex.
9.FB.05CancrisiliteNa7(Al5Si7O24)(CO3) · 3H2OHex.
9.FB.05Davyne(Na,K)6Ca2(Al6Si6O24)(Cl2,SO4)2Hex. 6/m : P63/m
9.FB.05Franzinite(Na,K)6Ca2(Al6Si6O24)(SO4)2 · 0.5H2OHex.
9.FB.05Giuseppettite(Na,K,Ca)7-8(Al6Si6O24)(SO4,Cl)1-2Trig. 3m : P3 1c
9.FB.05HydroxycancriniteNa8(Al6Si6O24)(OH)2 · 2H2OHex.
9.FB.05Liottite(Na,K)16Ca8(Al6Si6O24)3(SO4)5Cl4Hex. 6 : P6
9.FB.05MicrosommiteNa4K2Ca2(Al6Si6O24)(SO4)Cl2Hex.
9.FB.05PitiglianoiteNa6K2(Al6Si6O24)(SO4) · 2H2OHex.
9.FB.05Quadridavyne(Na,K)6Ca2(Al6Si6O24)Cl4Hex.
9.FB.05Sacrofanite(Na61K19Ca32)(Si84Al84O336)(SO4)26Cl2F6 · 2H2OHex.
9.FB.05Tounkite(Na,Ca,K)8(Al6Si6O24)(SO4)2Cl · H2OHex.
9.FB.05Vishnevite(Na,K)8(Al6Si6O24)(SO4,CO3) · 2H2OHex. 6 : P63
9.FB.05Marinellite(Na,K)42Ca6(Al6Si6O24)6(SO4)8Cl2 · 3H2OTrig. 3m : P3 1c
9.FB.05Farneseite(Na,Ca,K)56(Al6Si6O24)7(SO4)12 · 6H2OHex. 6/m : P63/m
9.FB.05Alloriite(Na,Ca,K)26Ca4(Al6Si6O24)4(SO4)6Cl6Trig. 3m : P3 1c
9.FB.05Biachellaite(Na,Ca,K)8(Al6Si6O24)(SO4)2(OH)0.5 · H2OTrig. 3 : P3
9.FB.05Fantappièite[Na82.5Ca33K16.5](Si99Al99O396)(SO4)33 · 4H2OTrig. 3 : R3
9.FB.05KyanoxaliteNa7(Al6-xSi6+xO24)(C2O4)0.5+x · 5H2O (0 < x < 0.5)Hex. 6 : P63
9.FB.05Balliranoite(Na,K)6Ca2(Si6Al6O24)Cl2(CO3)Hex. 6 : P63
9.FB.05CarbobystriteNa8(Al6Si6O24)(CO3) · 3.5H2OTrig. 3m : P3 1c
9.FB.05DepmeieriteNa8(Al6Si6O24)(PO4,CO3)1-x · 3H2O (xHex. 6 : P63
9.FB.05KircheriteNa5Ca2K(Al6Si6O24)(SO4)2 · 0.33H2OTrig. 3 2 : R3 2
9.FB.10BicchuliteCa2(Al2SiO6)(OH)2Iso. 4 3m : I4 3m
9.FB.10DanaliteBe3Fe2+4(SiO4)3SIso. 4 3m : P4 3n
9.FB.10GenthelviteBe3Zn4(SiO4)3SIso. 4 3m : P4 3n
9.FB.10Haüyne(Na,K)3(Ca,Na)(Al3Si3O12)(SO4,S,Cl)Iso. 4 3m : P4 3n
9.FB.10HelvineBe3Mn2+4(SiO4)3SIso. 4 3m : P4 3n
9.FB.10KamaishiliteCa2(Al2SiO6)(OH)2Tet.
9.FB.10LazuriteNa6Ca2(Al6Si6O24)(SO4,S,S2,S3,Cl,OH)2Iso. 4 3m : P4 3n
9.FB.10NoseanNa8(Al6Si6O24)(SO4) · H2OIso. 4 3m : P4 3n
9.FB.10SodaliteNa4(Si3Al3)O12ClIso. 4 3m : P4 3n
9.FB.10Tsaregorodtsevite(N(CH3)4)(AlSi5O12)Orth.
9.FB.10TugtupiteNa4BeAlSi4O12ClTet. 4 : I4
9.FB.15MarialiteNa4Al3Si9O24ClTet. 4/m : I4/m
9.FB.15MeioniteCa4Al6Si6O24CO3Tet. 4/m : I4/m
9.FB.15Silvialite(Ca,Na)4(Al6Si6O24)(SO4,CO3)Tet. 4/m : I4/m

Related Minerals - Dana Grouping (8th Ed.)Hide

76.2.5.1Afghanite(Na,K)22Ca10(Si24Al24O96)(SO4)6Cl6Trig. 3m : P3 1c
76.2.5.2Bystrite(Na,K)7Ca(Al6Si6O24)(S5)ClHex.
76.2.5.4CancrisiliteNa7(Al5Si7O24)(CO3) · 3H2OHex.
76.2.5.5Davyne(Na,K)6Ca2(Al6Si6O24)(Cl2,SO4)2Hex. 6/m : P63/m
76.2.5.6Franzinite(Na,K)6Ca2(Al6Si6O24)(SO4)2 · 0.5H2OHex.
76.2.5.7Giuseppettite(Na,K,Ca)7-8(Al6Si6O24)(SO4,Cl)1-2Trig. 3m : P3 1c
76.2.5.8HydroxycancriniteNa8(Al6Si6O24)(OH)2 · 2H2OHex.
76.2.5.9Liottite(Na,K)16Ca8(Al6Si6O24)3(SO4)5Cl4Hex. 6 : P6
76.2.5.10MicrosommiteNa4K2Ca2(Al6Si6O24)(SO4)Cl2Hex.
76.2.5.11PitiglianoiteNa6K2(Al6Si6O24)(SO4) · 2H2OHex.
76.2.5.12Quadridavyne(Na,K)6Ca2(Al6Si6O24)Cl4Hex.
76.2.5.13Sacrofanite(Na61K19Ca32)(Si84Al84O336)(SO4)26Cl2F6 · 2H2OHex.
76.2.5.14Tounkite(Na,Ca,K)8(Al6Si6O24)(SO4)2Cl · H2OHex.
76.2.5.15Vishnevite(Na,K)8(Al6Si6O24)(SO4,CO3) · 2H2OHex. 6 : P63
76.2.5.16Wenkite(Ba,K)4(Ca,Na)6[(Si,Al)20O39(OH)2](SO4)3 · 0.5H2OHex.

Related Minerals - Hey's Chemical Index of Minerals GroupingHide

17.4.1TilleyiteCa5(Si2O7)(CO3)2Mon.
17.4.2SpurriteCa5(SiO4)2(CO3)Mon.
17.4.3ParaspurriteCa5(SiO4)2(CO3)Mon.
17.4.4ScawtiteCa7(Si3O9)2CO3 · 2H2OMon. 2/m
17.4.5FukaliteCa4[Si2O6][CO3](OH)2Mon. 2/m : P21/b
17.4.6MeioniteCa4Al6Si6O24CO3Tet. 4/m : I4/m
17.4.8CarletoniteKNa4Ca4Si8O18(CO3)4(OH,F) · H2OTet. 4/mmm (4/m 2/m 2/m) : P4/mbm
17.4.9Iimoriite-(Y)Y2[SiO4][CO3]Tric.
17.4.10Kainosite-(Y)Ca2(Y,Ce)2(Si4O12)(CO3) · H2OOrth. mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m)
17.4.11Caysichite-(Y)Ca2Y2Si4O10(CO3)3 · 4H2OOrth. mm2
17.4.12Lepersonnite-(Gd)Ca(Gd,Dy)2(UO2)24(SiO4)4(CO3)8(OH)24 · 48H2OOrth.
17.4.13AshburtonitePb4Cu4(Si4O12)(HCO3)4(OH)3Cl · H2OTet.
17.4.14Surite(Pb,Ca)3(Al,Fe2+,Mg)2((Si,Al)4O10)(CO3)2(OH)2Mon.
17.4.15Tundrite-(Ce)Na2Ce2Ti(SiO4)(CO3)2O2Tric. 1 : P1
17.4.16Tundrite-(Nd)Na2(Nd,Ce)2Ti(SiO4)(CO3)2O2

Other InformationHide

Health Risks:
No information on health risks for this material has been entered into the database. You should always treat mineral specimens with care.

Cancrinite in petrologyHide

References for CancriniteHide

Reference List:
Sort by Year (asc) | by Year (desc) | by Author (A-Z) | by Author (Z-A)
Dana, E.S. (1892) System of Mineralogy, 6th. Edition, New York: 427-428.
Deer, W.A., R.A. Howie, and J. Zussman (1963) Rock-forming minerals, vol. 4, framework silicates, 310-320.
Foit, F.F., Jr. (1973) Cancrinite with a new superstructure from Bancroft, Ontario. Canadian Mineralogist: 11: 940-951.
Grundy, H.D. and I. Hassan (1982) The crystal structure of a carbonate-rich cancrinite. Canadian Mineralogist: 20: 239-251.
Canadian Mineralogist: 20: 239-251.
Zeitschrift für Kristallographie: 122: 407-422.
Anthony, J.W., Bideaux, R.A., Bladh, K.W., and Nichols, M.C. (1995) Handbook of Mineralogy, Volume II. Silica, Silicates. Mineral Data Publishing, Tucson, AZ, 904pp., 2 sub-volumes: 109.
Gatta, G.D., Lotti, P. (2016): Cancrinite-group minerals: Crystal-chemical description and properties under nonambient conditions — A review. American Mineralogist: 101: 253-265
▪ Martins, T., Kressall, R., Medici, L., Chakhmouradian, A.R. (2017): Cancrinite-vishnevite solid solution from Cinder Lake (Manitoba, Canada): crystal chemistry and implications for alkaline igneous rocks. Mineralogical Magazine, 81, 1261-1277.

Internet Links for CancriniteHide

Localities for CancriniteHide

This map shows a selection of localities that have latitude and longitude coordinates recorded. Click on the symbol to view information about a locality. The symbol next to localities in the list can be used to jump to that position on the map.

Locality ListHide

- This locality has map coordinates listed. - This locality has estimated coordinates. ⓘ - Click for further information on this occurrence. ? - Indicates mineral may be doubtful at this locality. - Good crystals or important locality for species. - World class for species or very significant. (TL) - Type Locality for a valid mineral species. (FRL) - First Recorded Locality for everything else (eg varieties). Struck out - Mineral was erroneously reported from this locality. Faded * - Never found at this locality but inferred to have existed at some point in the past (eg from pseudomorphs.)

All localities listed without proper references should be considered as questionable.
Afghanistan
 
Mineralogical Record (2001) 32:253
Angola
 
  • Benguela Province
    • Balombo
Andrade, M. de 1954. Contribution a l'etude des roches alcalines d'Angola (note preliminaire). In: 19th International Geological Congress, Algiers. Comptes Rendus, 19, 241-252. Andrade, M.M. de 1959. Analise quimicas de rochas eruptivas de Angola, publicadas ate fins de 1959. Publicacoes do Museu e Laboratorio Mineralogico e Geologico da Faculdade de Ciencias do Porto, (4 Serie), 76. Lapido-Loureiro, F.E. 1967. Consideracoes sobre o quimismo dos sienitos nefelinicos. Breves referencias a rochas alcalinas de Angola e ao seu interesse economico. Boletim do Instituto de Investigacao Cientifica de Angola, 4, 37-65.
  • Bié Province
Andrade, M. de 1954. Contribution a l'etude des roches alcalines d'Angola (note preliminaire). In: 19th International Geological Congress, Algiers. Comptes Rendus, 19, 241-252. De Sousa Machado, F. J. (1958). The volcanic belt of Angola and its carbonatites: Comm. Coop. Tech. Africa, Pub, (44), 307-317.
  • Cuanza Norte Province
Barros, L.A. 1965. Sobre as rochas feldspatoidicas da regiao de Zenza do Itombe (Angola). Garcia de Orta. Revista da Junta de Investigacoes do Ultramar, 13, 427-434. Neiva, J. M. (1959). Rochas com feldspatóides da Pedreira do Quiculungo (Golongo Alto—Angola). Memorias e Noticias. Publicacoes do Museu e Laboratorio Mineralogico e Geologico da Universidade de Coimbra e do Centro de Estudos Geologicos, 47.
  • Cuanza Sul Province
Andrade, M. de 1954. Contribution a l'etude des roches alcalines d'Angola (note preliminaire). In: 19th International Geological Congress, Algiers. Comptes Rendus, 19, 241-252. Andrade. M.M. de. 1955. Novo subsidio para o estudo das rochas alcalinas de Angola. Garcia de Orta. Revista da Junta das Missoes Geograficas e de Investigacoes do Ultramar, 3, 37-46.
  • Huambo Province
    • Huambo
Lapido-Loureiro, F.E. 1973. Carbonatitos de Angola. Memorias e Trabalhos do Instituto de Investigacoes Cientifica de Angola, 11. Polinard, E. (1939). Les Roches alcalines de Chianga, Angola, et les tufs associés. Memoires, Institut Royal Colonial Belge, Section des Sciences Naturalles et Medicales, Ser 8, 9 (4), 1-33.
    • Londuimbali
Amores-Casals, S.; Gonçalves, A.O.; Melgarejo, J.-C.; Molist, J.M. (2020) Nb and REE Distribution in the Monte Verde Carbonatite–Alkaline–Agpaitic Complex (Angola). Minerals 10, 5.
    • Mungo
Andrade, M. de 1954. Contribution a l'etude des roches alcalines d'Angola (note preliminaire). In: 19th International Geological Congress, Algiers. Comptes Rendus, 19, 241-252. De Sousa Machado, F. J. (1958). The volcanic belt of Angola and its carbonatites: Comm. Coop. Tech. Africa, Pub, (44), 307-317.
  • Huíla Province
    • Quilengues
Eur. J. Mineral. , 1993, 5, pp. 1001-1024. Alberti, A., Castorina, F., Censi, P., Comin-Chiaramonti, P., & Gomes, C. B. (1999). Geochemical characteristics of Cretaceous carbonatites from Angola. Journal of African Earth Sciences, 29(4), 735-759. doi.org/10.1016/S0899-5362(99)00127-X Allsopp, H. L., & Hargraves, R. B. (1985). Rb-Sr ages and palaeomagnetic data for some Angolan alkaline intrusives. Transactions of the Geological Society of South Africa, 88(2), 295-299. Alves, C.A.M. 1968. Estudo geologico e petrologico do macico alcalino-carbonatitico do Quicuco. Junta de Investigacoes do Ultramar, Lisboa. Issa Filho, A. B. R. M. D., Dos Santos, A. B. R. M. D., Riffel, B. F., Lapido-Loureiro, F. E. V., & McReath, I. (1991). Aspects of the geology, petrology and chemistry of some Angolan carbonatites. Journal of Geochemical Exploration, 40(1-3), 205-226. doi.org/10.1016/0375-6742(91)90039-W Lapido-Loureiro, F.E. 1973. Carbonatitos de Angola. Memorias e Trabalhos do Instituto de Investigacoes Cientifica de Angola, 11. Lapido-Loureiro, F. D. V. (1968). Sub-volcanic carbonatite structures of Angola. In Proceedings of the International Geological Congress, Report of the twenty-third session, Prague (Vol. 2, pp. 147-161). Torquato, J. R. (1977). GEOTECTONIC OUTLINE OF ANGOLA. Cahiers de l'Office de la Recherche Scientifique et Technique Outre-Mer. Paris, Serie Geologie, 9, 15-34.
  • Lunda Norte Province
    • Lucapa
Correia, E.A. 1966. Uma variedade curiosa de sienito nefelinico da Lunda (Angola). Boletim. Servicos de Geologia e Minas Angola. Luanda. 14, 91-96.
  • Namibe Province
    • Camacuio
Allsopp, H. L., & Hargraves, R. B. (1985). Rb-Sr ages and palaeomagnetic data for some Angolan alkaline intrusives. Transactions of the Geological Society of South Africa, 88(2), 295-299. Rodrigues, B. 1978. Processos de evolucao magmatica no complexo alcalino do Nejoio. Boletim do Museo e Laboratorio Mineralogico e Geologico da Faculdade de Ciencias, Universidade de Lisboa, 15.
Antarctica
AmMin 36:361-367
  • Eastern Antarctica
    • Victoria Land
      • Adare Peninsula
        • Cape Adare
Smith, W. C. (1959). The Volcanic Rocks of Cape Adare, South Victoria Land. order of the Trustees of the British Museum; sold by B. Quaritch [and others].
      • Pipecleaner Glacier Region
Woolley A.R. (2019) Alkaline Rocks and Carbonatites of the World. Part 4: Antarctica, Asia and Europe, p. 15
Argentina
 
  • Mendoza Province
    • Las Heras department
      • Las Heras
Pagano Género, D. S., Galliski, M. A., Marquez Zavalia, M. F., Novák, M., & Skoda, R. (2016). Petrography, mineralogy, and origin of the syenite pegmatitic segregation veins from La Peña alkaline complex, Mendoza, Argentina.
Armenia
 
  • Syunik Province
Atlantic Ocean
 
  • Gorringe Ridge
Chernysheva, E. A., & Kharin, G. S. (2012). Melilitites in the alkaline volcanic succession of the Gorringe bank, Southwestern Portugal. Geochemistry International, 50(1), 54-62. doi.org/10.1134/S0016702912010028 Cornen, G. (1982). Petrology of the alkaline volcanism of Gorringe Bank (southwest Portugal). Marine Geology, 47(1-2), 101-130. doi.org/10.1016/0025-3227(82)90022-6 Féraud, G., York, D., Mével, C., Cornen, G., Hall, C. M., & Auzende, J. M. (1986). Additional 40Ar-39Ar dating of the basement and the alkaline volcanism of Gorringe Bank (Atlantic Ocean). Earth and Planetary Science Letters, 79(3-4), 255-269. doi.org/10.1016/0012-821X(86)90184-6 Bernard-Griffiths, J., Gruau, G., Cornen, G., Azambre, B., & Macé, J. (1997). Continental lithospheric contribution to alkaline magmatism: isotopic (Nd, Sr, Pb) and geochemical (REE) evidence from Serra de Monchique and Mount Ormonde complexes. Journal of Petrology, 38(1), 115-132. doi.org/10.1093/petroj/38.1.115
Australia
 
  • New South Wales
    • Dampier Co.
      • Dromedary Complex
Brown, I.A. (1930) The Geology of the South Coast of New South Wales. Part III. The Monzonitic Complex of the Mount Dromedary District. In: The Proceedings of the Linnean Society of New South Wales, for the year 1930, Vol. LV. 637-698. Smith, I.E.M., White, A.J.R., Chappell, B.W., Eggleton, R.A. (1988) Fractionation in a zoned monzonite pluton: Mount Dromedary, southeastern Australia. Geological Magazine, 125(3), 273-284.
  • South Australia
    • Olary Province
      • Mt Victor Plumbago Station
Rutherford, L., Burtt, A., Hand, M., & Foden, J. (2007). Billeroo North alkaline magmatic complex: geology and economic significance. MESA Journal 45:33-39; Bell, A. J., Croxford, N.J.W. & Hemming, G.R. (1979). Alkaline igneous rocks at North Billeroo, Olary Province, South Australia. Quarterly Geological Notes, Geological Survey of South Australia, 69, 4-9. Rutherford, L., Burtt, A., Hand, M., & Foden, J. (2007). Billeroo North alkaline magmatic complex: geology and economic significance. MESA Journal 45:33-39
  • Tasmania
    • Huon Valley municipality
      • Huon-Channel region
Bottrill, RS, 1997. The Minerals of the Cygnet District. The Mineralogical Society of Tasmania Newsletter, 25, p.12; Taheri, J., and Bottrill, R. S., 1998, Porphyry and Sedimentary-hosted Gold Deposits near Cygnet: New Styles of Gold Mineralisation in Tasmania: Unpub Rept, Mineral Resources Tasmania. 1999/01
Bolivia
 
  • Cochabamba
    • Ayopaya Province
Woolley, A.R. (1987) Alkaline rocks and carbonatites of the world. p 167.
Alfredo Petrov collection; Laszlo Horvath collection; Schultz, F., et al. (2004) Contrib. Mineral. Petrol., 148, 391-408
      • Morochata
Alfredo Petrov collection; Federico Ahlfeld field notes
Brazil
 
  • Bahia
    • Itaju do Colônia
Maria de Lourdes da Silva Rosa, Herbet Conceição, Moacir José Buenano Macambira, Marco Antonio Galarza, Mônica Pringsheim Cunha, Rita Cunha Leal Menezes, Moacyr Moura Marinho, Basílio Elesbão da Cruz Filho, Débora Correia Rios (2007) Neoproterozoic anorogenic magmatism in the Southern Bahia Alkaline Province of NE Brazil: U–Pb and Pb–Pb ages of the blue sodalite syenites, Lithos, vol. 97, 88-97.
    • Itarantim
Conceicao, Herbet, Rosa, Maria de Lourdes da Silva, Moura, Candido A. V., Macambira, Moacir Jose Buenano, Galaraza, Marco Antonio, Correia Rios, Debora, Marinho, Moacyr Moura, Menezes, Rita Cunha Leal, Cunha, Monica Prisgsheim, 2009, Petrology of the Neoproterozoic Itarantim Nepheline Syenite Batholith, Sao Francisco Craton, Bahia, Brazil, Canadian Mineralogist, v 47, p. 1527-1550.
Conceicao, Herbet, Rosa, Maria de Lourdes da Silva, Moura, Candido A. V., Macambira, Moacir Jose Buenano, Galaraza, Marco Antonio, Correia Rios, Debora, Marinho, Moacyr Moura, Menezes, Rita Cunha Leal, Cunha, Monica Prisgsheim, 2009, Petrology of the Neoproterozoic Itarantim Nepheline Syenite Batholith, Sao Francisco Craton, Bahia, Brazil, Canadian Mineralogist, v 47, p. 1527-1550.
  • Goiás
    • Arenópolis
Orris, G.J., and Grauch, R.I. (2002): USGS Open-File Report 02-189.
  • Minas Gerais
Ulbrich, H. H. G. J., Demaiffe, D., Vlach, S. R., & Ulbrich, N. M. C. (2003). Geochemical and Sr, Nd and Pb isotope signatures of phonolites and nepheline syenites from the Poços de Caldas alkaline massif, southeastern Brazil. In South American Symposium of Isotope Geology (Vol. 4, pp. 698-701).
      • Poços de Caldas
Machado (1888)
Nomura, S.F., Atencio, D., Chukanov, N.V., Rastsvetaeva, R.K., Cutinho, J.M.V. and Karipidis, T.K. (2010): Manganoeudialyte, a new mineral from Poços de Caldas, Minas Gerais, Brazil. Zapiski Vserossiiskogo Mineralogicheskogo Obshchestva, 139 (4), 35-47..
    • Serra do Salitre
Orris, G.J., and Grauch, R.I. (2002): USGS Open-File Report 02-189.; Berger, V.I., Singer, D.A., and Orris, G.J., 2009, Carbonatites of the world, explored deposits of Nb and REE; database and grade and tonnage models: U.S. Geological Survey Open-File Report 2009-1139, 17 p. and database.
  • Pará
    • Oriximiná
      • Acaraí range
Orris, G.J., and Grauch, R.I. (2002): USGS Open-File Report 02-189.
  • São Paulo
http://www.igc.usp.br/geologiausp/iga/art.php?artigo=7
Burundi
 
  • Kayanza Province
Cahen, L., Snelling, N. J., Delhal, J., Vail, J. R., Bonhomme, M., & Ledent, D. (1984). The geochronology and evolution of Africa. Clarendom Press, Oxford. https://www.researchgate.net/profile/Frederic_Wilson2/publication/248450077_The_Geochronology_and_evolution_of_AfricaL_Cahen_NJ_Snelling_J_Delhal_and_JR_Vail_with_the_collaboration_of_M_Bonhomme_and_D_Ledent/links/55ef240108ae0af8ee1b10f2.pdf Kurtanjek, M. P., & Tandy, B. C. (1989). The igneous phosphate deposits of Matongo-Bandaga, Burundi. In Phosphate deposits of the world. Phosphate rock resources (pp. 262-266). Lubala, R. T., Kampunzu, A. B., & Makutu, M. N. (1985). Un inventaire des complexes anorogéniques du Burundi, du Ruanda et du Zaïre. Journal of African Earth Sciences (1983), 3(1-2), 169-174. doi.org/10.1016/0899-5362(85)90034-X TACK, L., & PAEPE, D. (1981). LE MASSIF INTRUSIF DE SYENITES FOIDALES DE LA HAUTE-RUVUKU, BURUNDI. Rapport Annuel pour l'annee 1980 du Department de Geologie et de Mineralogie du Musee Royal de l'Afrique Centrale, Tervuren, Belgique, 173-178. Tack, L., & De Paepe, P. (1983). Le volcanisme du Sud-Kivu dans le nord de la plaine de la Rusizi au Burundi et ses relations avec les formations géologiques avoisinantes. Rapport Annuel du Departement de Geologie et de Mineralogie du Musee Rayal de l'Afrique Central Annees 1981 et 1982, Tervuren, Belgique, 137-145. Tack, L., De Paepe, P., Deutsch, S., & Liégeois, J. P. (1984). The alkaline plutonic complex of the Upper Ruvubu (Burundi): geology, age, isotopic geochemistry and implications for the regional geology of the Western Rift. In Géologie africaine (pp. 91-114). Van den Haute, P., Jonckheere, R. & Mombers, K. 1985. Fission-track dating and thermal history of the alkaline plutonic complex of the Upper Ruvubu (Burundi). In: 13th Colloquium of African Geology (St. Andrews). Occasional Publication, International Centre for Training and Exchanges in the Geosciences, 147.
Cameroon
 
  • South Region
    • Océan
      • Kribi
Cesbron et al. (1988)
Champetier de Ribes, G., & Reyre, D. (1959). Notice explicative sur la feuille Yaounde-Ouest. Carte géologique de reconnaissance du Cameroun au 1/500000. (O21) Republique du Cameroun. Paris. Kornprobst, J., Cantagrel, J. M., Fabries, J., Lasserre, M., Rollet, M., & Soba, D. (1976). Existence au Cameroun, d'un magmatisme alcalin panafricain ou plus ancien; la syenite nephelinique a mboziite de Nkonglong; comparaison avec les roches alcalines connues dans la meme region. Bulletin de la Société Géologique de France, 7(5), 1295-1305. doi.org/10.2113/gssgfbull.S7-XVIII.5.1295 Lasserre, M. & Soba, D. 1976. Age liberien des granodiorites et des gneiss a pyroxene du Cameroun meridional. Bulletin du Bureau de Recherches Geologiques et Minieres. Paris, 4, 17-32.
Canada
 
  • British Columbia
    • Cariboo Mining Division
Jennifer Pell (1994) Carbonatites, Nepheline Syenites, Kimberlites and Related Rocks in British Columbia. Brithish Columbia Ministry of Energy Bulletin 88.
    • Golden Mining Division
Grice, J.D. and Gault, R.A. (1981) Edingtonite and Natrolite from Ice River, British Columbia. Mineralogical Record: 12: 221-226.; Pell, J. (1994) Carbonatites, Nepheline Syenites, Kimberlites and Related Rocks in British Columbia. British Columbia Ministry of Energy Bulletin 88.
Jones, W. C. (1955) Geology of the Garnet Mountain-Aguilla Ridge Area, Ice River, British Columbia. MSc thesis, University of British Columbia.
Mumford, Thomas (2007) Dykes of the Moose Creek Valley, Ice River Alkaline Complex, southeastern BC. M.Sc. thesis, University of New Brunswick.
BC Minfile
        • Zinc Mountain
Aris Reports 03433
    • Liard Mining Division
Pell, J.Gr (1994) Carbonatites, Nepheline Syenites, Kimberlites and Related Rocks in British Columbia. Brithish Columbia Ministry of Energy Bulletin 88.
Jennifer Pell (1994) Carbonatites, Nepheline Syenites, Kimberlites and Related Rocks in British Columbia. British Columbia Ministry of Energy Bulletin 88.
  • Northwest Territories
    • Blachford Lake alkaline complex
      • Thor Lake syenite complex
MÖLLER, V. (2016) The Nature and origin of the Nechalacho Rare Metal Deposit (REE, Nb, Zr), Northwest Territories, Canada. Unpublished Ph.D. thesis, McGill University, Montreal. 409 p.
  • Ontario
    • Algoma District
      • Finan Township
SAGE, R.P. (1993) Geology of the Herman Lake alkalic rock complex, District of Algoma. Ontario Geological Survey open File Report 5421, 80p.
      • McMurray Township
Sage (1988) Ont. Geol. Survey Study 47.
Grice, Joel D. (1989) Bancroft: the Mineral Capital of Canada. In: Famous mineral localities of Canada. Published by Fitzhenry & Whiteside Limited & the National Museum of Natural Sciences, 190 pages, 92-99; 162-165.
    • Haliburton County
      • Glamorgan Township
Armstrong H.S. and Gittins J. (1968) Geology of Glamorgan and Monmouth Townships , Ontario Department of Mines, Open File Report 5021, p.44-46.
Ref.: Geological Survey of Canada Miscellaneous Report 39
Ann P. Sabina (1965) Rock and Mineral Collecting in Canada, V.II, Ontario and Quebec, Geological Survey of Canada
    • Hastings County
      • Dungannon Township
[Bancroft & District Mineral Collecting Guidebook]; Joyce, D. K. (2006) Calcite Vein-Dikes of the Grenville Geological Province, Ontario, Canada. Rocks and Minerals 81:34-42
[Bancroft & District Mineral Collecting Guidebook]; Mineralogical Record (1990) 21:235-248; Joyce, D. K. (2006) Calcite Vein-Dikes of the Grenville Geological Province, Ontario, Canada. Rocks and Minerals 81:34-42
[Bancroft & District Mineral Collecting Guidebook]
http://www.geologyontario.mndm.gov.on.ca/mndmfiles/mdi/data/records/MDI31F04SW00071.html
[Bancroft & District Mineral Collecting Guidebook]
Joyce, D. K. (2006) Calcite Vein-Dikes of the Grenville Geological Province, Ontario, Canada. Rocks and Minerals 81:34-42
        • York River area
[Bancroft & District Mineral Collecting Guidebook]
[Bancroft & District Mineral Collecting Guidebook]
[Bancroft & District Mineral Collecting Guidebook]
      • Faraday Township
Masson, S. L., & Gordon, J. B. (1981). Radioactive mineral deposits of the Pembroke-Renfrew area. Ministry of Natural Resources.Survey, Mineral Deposits Circular 23, 155
    • Kenora District
      • Squash Lake Area
Sage (1988) OGS Study 49
      • Squaw Lake Area
Sage (1988) OGS study 49.
    • Nipissing District
      • North Bay area
FERGUSON, J. & CURRIE, K.L. (1972) The geology and petrology of the alkaline carbonatite complex at Callander Bay, Ontario. Geological Survey of Canada bulletin 217, 107 p.
    • Peterborough County
      • Methuen Township
http://rruff.info/doclib/am/vol34/AM34_452.pdf; Ann P.Sabina (1987), Rocks and Minerals for the Collector, Hull-Maniwaki, Quebec; Ottawa-Peterborough, Ontario. GSC Misc. Report 41; McLEMORE, V. T. (2006). Nepheline Syenite. Industrial Mineral and Rocks, 7th Edition, Kogel, JE, Trivedi, NC, Barker, JM and Krukowsk, ST (Seniors Editors), Society of Mining, Metallurgy, and Exploration, Inc. Littleton, Colorado, 653-670.
Dr. Kameki Kinoshita collection (curated at Geological Survey of Japan); Paper 69-50, Geological Survey of Canada, (1970)
    • Renfrew County
      • Brudenell Township
Geological Survey of Canada Paper 70-50
    • Sudbury District
      • Bigwood Township
RWMW collection and Dave Joyce personal communication; Dolan, M.L., Hains, D.H. and Ash, D.R. (1991) High Alumina Rocks in Ontario; Ontario Ministry of Northern Development and Mines, Industrial Minerals Background Paper 10, 130p
      • Lackner Township
R. P. Sage (1988) Geology of Carbonatite - Alkalic Rock Complexes in Ontario: Lackner Lake Alkalic Rock Complex District of Sudbury. Mines and Minerals Division Ontario Geological Survey Study 32
R. P. Sage (1988) Geology of Carbonatite - Alkalic Rock Complexes in Ontario: Lackner Lake Alkalic Rock Complex District of Sudbury. Mines and Minerals Division Ontario Geological Survey Study 32
Berger, V.I., Singer, D.A., and Orris, G.J. (2009): USGS Open-File Report 09-1139
    • Thunder Bay District
Mitchell (1991)
      • Killala Lake Area
Geological Association of Canada (2014) Abstracts Fredericton Vol 37
  • Québec
    • Laurentides
      • Deux-Montagnes RCM
        • Oka
Gold (1969)
GOLD, D.P. (1972): The Monteregian Hills: ultra-alkaline rocks and the Oka carbonatite complex. 24th International Geological Congress (Montreal), Guidebook B-11.
    • Montérégie
      • Brome-Missisquoi RCM
DRESSER, J.A. (1902) Report on the geology and petrography of Shefford Mountain. Geological Survey of Canada, Annual Report 13, L: 1-35.
      • La Vallée-du-Richelieu RCM
        • Mont Saint-Hilaire
GRICE, J.D. (1989) Mont Saint-Hilaire, Quebec: Canada's Most Diverse Mineral Locality. In: Famous mineral localities of Canada. Published by Fitzhenry & Whiteside Limited & the National Museum of Natural Sciences, 190 pages: 100-108; 166-175.; HORVÁTH, L., GAULT, R.A. (1990) The mineralogy of Mont Saint-Hilaire. Mineralogical Record, 21, 281-359.
    • Montréal
      • Mont Royal
Finley (1930)
    • Nord-du-Québec
      • Baie-James
Traill, R. J., 1970, A Catalogue of Canadian Minerals, Paper 69-45
Nadeau, O., Stevenson, R. and Jébrak, M. (2014) The geology, petrology and geochemistry of the Montviel alkaline-carbonatite hosted lanthanide-Nb ore deposit, Abitibi, Canada. Abstract with Program, GAC/MAC Annual meeting 2014. 1p.
    • Saguenay-Lac-Saint-Jean
      • Le Fjord-du-Saguenay RCM
        • Saint-Honoré
Currie (1976) GSC Bulletin 239, 109-110
FOURNIER, A. (1993) Magmat!c and hydrothermal controls of LREE mineralization of the St.-Honoré carbonatite, Québec. M.Sc. thesis, McGill University, Montreal, Canada. 95p.
  • Yukon
    • Dawson mining district
Olade, M.A., Goodfellow, W.D. (1979). Lithogeochemistry and hydrogeochemistry of uranium and associated elements in the Tombstone Batholith, Yukon, Canada. In Geochemical Exploration 1978, Proceedings of the Seventh International Geochemical Exploration Symposium, J.R. Watterson, P.K. Theobald (ed.), Association of Exploration Geochemists, p. 407-428.
    • Watson Lake mining district
Geol, Survey of Canada database
Cape Verde
 
  • Barlavento Islands
Bebiano, J. B. (1932). A geologia do Arquipélago de Cabo Verde (Vol. 18). Serviços geológicos de Portugal. Woolley, A. R. (2019). Alkaline Rocks and Carbonatites of the World, Part 4: Antarctica, Asia and Europe (excluding the former USSR), Australasia and Oceanic Islands. Geological Society of London, p. 486.
  • Sotavento Islands
Madeira, J., Mata, J., Mourão, C., da Silveira, A. B., Martins, S., Ramalho, R., & Hoffmann, D. L. (2010). Volcano-stratigraphic and structural evolution of Brava Island (Cape Verde) based on 40Ar/39Ar, U–Th and field constraints. Journal of Volcanology and Geothermal Research, 196(3-4), 219-235. doi.org/10.1016/j.jvolgeores.2010.07.010 Mourão, C., Mata, J., Doucelance, R., Madeira, J., Millet, M. A., & Moreira, M. (2012). Geochemical temporal evolution of Brava Island magmatism: constraints on the variability of Cape Verde mantle sources and on carbonatite–silicate magma link. Chemical Geology, 334, 44-61. doi.org/10.1016/j.chemgeo.2012.09.031 Mourão, C., Mata, J., Doucelance, R., Madeira, J., da Silveira, A. B., Silva, L. C., & Moreira, M. (2010). Quaternary extrusive calciocarbonatite volcanism on Brava Island (Cape Verde): A nephelinite-carbonatite immiscibility product. Journal of African Earth Sciences, 56(2-3), 59-74. doi.org/10.1016/j.jafrearsci.2009.06.003 Hoernle, K., Tilton, G., Le Bas, M. J., Duggen, S., & Garbe-Schönberg, D. (2002). Geochemistry of oceanic carbonatites compared with continental carbonatites: mantle recycling of oceanic crustal carbonate. Contributions to Mineralogy and Petrology, 142(5), 520-542. doi.org/10.1007/s004100100308 Doucelance, R., Hammouda, T., Moreira, M., & Martins, J. C. (2010). Geochemical constraints on depth of origin of oceanic carbonatites: the Cape Verde case. Geochimica et Cosmochimica Acta, 74(24), 7261-7282. doi.org/10.1016/j.gca.2010.09.024 Mata, J., Moreira, M., Doucelance, R., Ader, M., & Silva, L. C. (2010). Noble gas and carbon isotopic signatures of Cape Verde oceanic carbonatites: implications for carbon provenance. Earth and Planetary Science Letters, 291(1-4), 70-83. doi.org/10.1016/j.epsl.2009.12.052 Mourao, C., Moreira, M., Mata, J., Raquin, A., & Madeira, J. (2012). Primary and secondary processes constraining the noble gas isotopic signatures of carbonatites and silicate rocks from Brava Island: evidence for a lower mantle origin of the Cape Verde plume. Contributions to Mineralogy and Petrology, 163(6), 995-1009. doi.org/10.1007/s00410-011-0711-7 Mitchell-Thomé, R. C. (1976). Geology of the middle Atlantic islands (Vol. 382). Berlin: Borntraeger. Day, S. J., Da Silva, S. H., & Fonseca, J. F. B. D. (1999). A past giant lateral collapse and present-day flank instability of Fogo, Cape Verde Islands. Journal of Volcanology and Geothermal Research, 94(1-4), 191-218. doi.org/10.1016/S0377-0273(99)00103-1
China
 
  • Hubei
    • Shiyan
      • Shennongjia Forest District
Shi Li (1991): Geochimica 20(3), 245-254
  • Liaoning
    • Dalian
      • Wafangdian City
Lu, L. N., Li, J., Yang, M., & Zheng, C. J. (2016). Mineralogy Analysis of Granites in Diaoyutai Area of Western Liaoning Province. DEStech Transactions on Engineering and Technology Research, (mcee).
    • Dandong
      • Kuandian County
MOU, B., & YAN, G. (1992). Geological features of Triassic alkaline and subalkaline igneous complexes in the Yan-Liao area. ACTA GEOLOGICA SINICA-ENGLISH EDITION, 5(4), 339-355. Saima Deposit Research Group. (1978). Uranium deposit in the Saima alkaline massif, Northeast China. Sci. Sinica, 21, 365-389. Wu, F. Y., Yang, Y. H., Marks, M. A., Liu, Z. C., Zhou, Q., Ge, W. C., ... & Markl, G. (2010). In situ U–Pb, Sr, Nd and Hf isotopic analysis of eudialyte by LA-(MC)-ICP-MS. Chemical Geology, 273(1-2), 8-34. Wu, B., Wang, R. C., Yang, J. H., Wu, F. Y., Zhang, W. L., Gu, X. P., & Zhang, A. C. (2015). Wadeite (K2ZrSi3O9), an alkali-zirconosilicate from the Saima agpaitic rocks in northeastern China: Its origin and response to multi-stage activities of alkaline fluids. Lithos, 224, 126-142.
Saima Deposit Research Group, Beijing Institute of Uranium Geology (1978): Scientia Sinica 11(3), 365-389
  • Xinjiang
    • Akesu Prefecture (Aksu Prefecture; Aqsu Prefecture)
      • Baicheng Co. (Bay Co.)
Yanling Tang (2005): Non-metallic deposits of Xinjiang, China [Zhongguo Xinjiang Fei Jinshu Kuangchuang]. Geological Publishing House (Beijing), 289 pp.
Yanling Tang (2005): Non-metallic deposits of Xinjiang, China [Zhongguo Xinjiang Fei Jinshu Kuangchuang]. Geological Publishing House (Beijing), 289 pp.
  • Yunnan
    • Honghe
      • Gejiu City
Baiyou Chen, Yuru Yu, and Hongfei Jiang (2002): Mineral Deposits 21(suppl.), 901-905
Colombia
 
  • Vaupés Department
Arango Mejía, M. I., Zapata García, G., & Martens, U. (2012). PETROGRAPHIC CHARACTERIZATION, GEOCHEMISTRY AND AGE OF THE SAN JOSÉ DEL GUAVIARE NEPHELINE SYENITE. Boletin de Geología, 34(1), 15-26.
Czech Republic
 
  • Central Bohemian Region
    • Rakovník District
      • Čistá ring
Bernard J. H. et al. (1981): Mineralogie Československa. Academia, Praha. (pages 90-91); Kopecky, L. (1987). The Čistrá ring structure, Czechoslovakia. In: Kopecky, L. (ed) Proceedings of the First Seminar on Carbonatites and Alkaline Rocks of the Bohemian Massif and Ambient Regions. Geological Survey, Prague, 23-58.
DR Congo
 
  • North Kivu
    • Beni Territory
      • Bashu
Williams, C. T., Wall, F., Woolley, A. R., & Phillipo, S. (1997). Compositional variation in pyrochlore from the Bingo carbonatite, Zaire. Journal of African Earth Sciences, 25(1), 137-145. doi.org/10.1016/S0899-5362(97)00066-3 Woolley, A. R., Williams, C. T., Wall, F., Garcia, D., & Moute, J. (1995). The Bingo carbonatite-ijolite-nepheline syenite complex, Zaire: geology, petrography, mineralogy and petrochemistry. Journal of African Earth Sciences, 21(3), 329-348. doi.org/10.1016/0899-5362(95)00093-9
    • Rutshuru Territory
      • Bwito
Cahen, L., & Snelling, N. J. (1966). The geochronology of equatorial Africa. North-Holland Publishing Company. Denaeyer, M. E. (1958). Les syénites feldspathoïdiques du Kivu et leur rôle dans la genèse des laves des Virunga. Bulletin de la Société Belge de Géologie, Paléontologie et Hydrologie (Bruxelles), 67, 459-488. http://biblio.naturalsciences.be/rbins-publications/bulletin-de-la-societe-belge-de-geologie/067%20-%201958/bsbg_67_1958_p459-481.pdf Denaeyer, M. E. (1959). Les syénites métasomatiques du massif de Kirumba: Mémoires de l’Académie Royale des Sciences Coloniales. Classe Sci. Tech. NS, 9(2). Denaeyer, M. E. (1966). Sur la présence d'une carbonatite ankéritique (rauhaugite) en bordure du complexe alcalin de Kirumba (Kivu). Comptes rendus de l'Académie des Sciences, 263(1), 9-12. Denayer, M. E. (1970). Rapports isotopiques O e C et condition d'affleurement dês carbonatites de 1'Affrique Central. Compt. Rend. D, 270, 2155-2158. Kampunzu, A. B., Kramers, J. D., & Makutu, M. N. (1998). Rb Sr whole rock ages of the lueshe, Kirumba and Numbi igneous complexes (Kivu, Democratic Republic of Congo) and the break-up of the Rodinia supercontinent. Journal of African Earth Sciences, 26(1), 29-36. doi.org/10.1016/S0899-5362(97)00134-6
Berger, V.I., Singer, D.A., and Orris, G.J. (2009): USGS Open-File Report 09-1139; Wall, F., Williams, C. T., Woolley, A. R., & Nasraoui, M. (1996). Pyrochlore from weathered carbonatite at Lueshe, Zaire. Mineralogical Magazine, 60(402), 731-750.; Maravic, H. V., Morteani, G., & Roethe, G. (1989). The cancrinite-syenite/carbonatite complex of Lueshe, Kivu/NE-Zaire: petrographic and geochemical studies and its economic significance. Journal of African Earth Sciences (and the Middle East), 9(2), 341-355. doi.org/10.1016/0899-5362(89)90077-8 doi.org/10.1180/minmag.1996.060.402.03 Bellon, H., & Pouclet, A. (1980). Datations K-Ar de quelques laves du Rift-Ouest de l'Afrique Centrale; implications sur l'évolution magmatique et structurale. Geologische Rundschau, 69(1), 49-62. doi.org/10.1007/BF01869023 Brasseur, H., Herman, P., & Hubaux, A. (1961). Apatites de l'est du Congo et du Ruanda. Bulletin-Société géologique de Belgique, 85(2), B61-B85. Denayer, M. E. (1970). Rapports isotopiques O e C et condition d'affleurement dês carbonatites de 1'Affrique Central. Compt. Rend. D, 270, 2155-2158. Kampunzu, A. B., Kramers, J. D., & Makutu, M. N. (1998). Rb Sr whole rock ages of the lueshe, Kirumba and Numbi igneous complexes (Kivu, Democratic Republic of Congo) and the break-up of the Rodinia supercontinent. Journal of African Earth Sciences, 26(1), 29-36. doi.org/10.1016/S0899-5362(97)00134-6 Maravic, H. V., & Morteani, G. (1980). Petrology and geochemistry of the carbonatite and syenite complex of Lueshe (NE Zaire). Lithos, 13(2), 159-170. doi.org/10.1016/0024-4937(80)90017-1 Meyer, A., & De Béthune, P. (1958). La carbonatite Lueshe (Kivu): étude géologique. Service Géologique, Congo Belge, 8 (5), 1-19 and 1-12. Pineau, F. & Javoy, M. 1969. Determination des rapports isotopiques O/O et C/C dans diverses carbonatites, implications genetiques. Comptes Rendus Hebdomadaires des Seances de l'Academie des Sciences. Paris, 269D, 1930-1933. Safiannikoff, A. 1959. Un nouveau mineral de niobium. Bulletin des Seances. Academie Royale des Sciences d'Outre-Mer. Bruxelles, 5, 1251-1255. Safiannikoff, A. 1966. Gisement de pyrochlore de Lueshe. Annales de la Societe Geologique de Belgique, 90 (4), B461-486. van Overbeke, A. C. (1996). Le complexe à carbonatite et syénite de la Lueshe (N-Kivu, Zaïre): pétrogenèse des roches ignées et caractérisation géochimique des processus métasomatiques (fénitisation) (Doctoral dissertation, UCL-Université Catholique de Louvain). Verhaeghe, M. (1963). Inventaire des gisements de calcaires, dolomies et travertins du Kivu, du Rwanda et du Burundi. Service géologique, Mémoire, (3).
  • South Kivu
    • Kalehe Territory
Cahen, L., Ledent, D., & Villeneuve, M. (1979). Existence d’une chaîne plissée Protérozoïque supérieur au Kivu oriental (Zaire). Données géochronologiques relatives au Supergroupe de l’Itombwe. Bull. Soc. g~ ol. Belg, 88, 71-83. http://biblio.naturalsciences.be/rbins-publications/bulletin-de-la-societe-belge-de-geologie/088%20-%201979/bsbg_88_1979_p071-083.pdf Cahen, L., Snelling, N. J., Delhal, J., Vail, J. R., Bonhomme, M., & Ledent, D. (1984). The geochronology and evolution of Africa. https://www.researchgate.net/profile/Frederic_Wilson2/publication/248450077_The_Geochronology_and_evolution_of_AfricaL_Cahen_NJ_Snelling_J_Delhal_and_JR_Vail_with_the_collaboration_of_M_Bonhomme_and_D_Ledent/links/55ef240108ae0af8ee1b10f2.pdf Denaeyer, M. E. (1958). Les syénites feldspathoïdiques du Kivu et leur rôle dans la genèse des laves des Virunga. Bulletin de la Société Belge de Géologie, Paléontologie et Hydrologie (Bruxelles), 67, 459-488. http://biblio.naturalsciences.be/rbins-publications/bulletin-de-la-societe-belge-de-geologie/067%20-%201958/bsbg_67_1958_p459-481.pdf Kampunzu, A. B., Kramers, J. D., & Makutu, M. N. (1998). Rb Sr whole rock ages of the lueshe, Kirumba and Numbi igneous complexes (Kivu, Democratic Republic of Congo) and the break-up of the Rodinia supercontinent. Journal of African Earth Sciences, 26(1), 29-36. doi.org/10.1016/S0899-5362(97)00134-6
Egypt
 
  • Red Sea Governorate
Mogahed, M. M. (2016). Petrogenesis of cogenetic silica-oversaturated and-undersaturated syenites of Abu Khruq ring complex, South Eastern Desert, Egypt. Journal of African Earth Sciences, 124, 44-62. El-Ramly, M. F., & Hussein, A. A. (1982). The alkaline ring complexes of Egypt. Geol. Surv. Egypt, Paper, 63. Akaad, M.K. & El-Ramly, M.F. 1962. The nepheline-syenite ring complex of Gebel Abu Khruq (South-eastern desert of Egypt). Geological Survey of Egypt, Paper, 14. El Ramly, M.F., Budanov, V.I. & Hussein, A.A.A. 1971. The alkaline rocks of south-eastern Egypt. Geological Survey of Egypt, Paper, 53. El Ramly, M. F., Dereniuk, N. E., Budanov, V. I., Armanious, L. K., & Hayek, G. G. (1969). A petrological study on the central part of the Gabal Abu Khruq ring complex. Geol Surv Egypt, Paper, (51). Gindy, A. R., AR, G., SO, K., EL RAMLY, M. F., & AI, A. (1978). Contributions to the petrochemistry and geochemistry of the alkaline rocks of Gabal Abu Khruq and Gabal El-Nuhud, South-Eastern Desert, Egypt. Chemie der Erde, 37, 285-301. Landoll, J. D., Foland, K. A., & Henderson, C. M. B. (1994). Nd isotopes demonstrate the role of contamination in the formation of coexisting quartz and nepheline syenites at the Abu Khruq Complex, Egypt. Contributions to Mineralogy and Petrology, 117(3), 305-329. doi.org/10.1007/BF00310871 Lutz, T. M., Foland, K. A., Faul, H., & Srogi, L. (1988). The strontium and oxygen isotopic record of hydrothermal alteration of syenites from the Abu Khruq complex, Egypt. Contributions to Mineralogy and Petrology, 98(2), 212-223. doi.org/10.1007/BF00402113 Omar, G. I., Kohn, B. P., Lutz, T. M., & Faul, H. (1987). The cooling history of Silurian to Cretaceous alkaline ring complexes, south Eastern Desert, Egypt, as revealed by fission-track analysis. Earth and planetary science letters, 83(1-4), 94-108. doi.org/10.1016/0012-821X(87)90054-9 Meneisy, M. Y., & MY, M. (1974). POTASSIUM-ARGON AGES OF NEPHELINE SEYENITE RING COMPLEXES IN EGYPT. Geologisches Jahrbuch, Hannover, D9, 33-39. Serencsits, C. M., CM, S., KA, F., & El Ramly, M. F. (1979). Alkaline ring complexes in Egypt: their ages and relationship to tectonic development of the Red Sea. Annals of the Geological Survey of Egypt, 9, 102-116. Soliman, M. M. (1987). The younger granites and ring complexes of the Southeastern Desert of Egypt and their relation to mineralization. Journal of African Earth Sciences (1983), 6(5), 745-754. doi.org/10.1016/0899-5362(87)90010-8 El-Ramly, M. F., & Hussein, A. A. (1982). The alkaline ring complexes of Egypt. Geol. Surv. Egypt, Paper, 63. Akaad, M.K. & El-Ramly, M.F. 1962. The nepheline-syenite ring complex of Gebel Abu Khruq (South-eastern desert of Egypt). Geological Survey of Egypt, Paper, 14. El Ramly, M.F., Budanov, V.I. & Hussein, A.A.A. 1971. The alkaline rocks of south-eastern Egypt. Geological Survey of Egypt, Paper, 53. El Ramly, M. F., Dereniuk, N. E., Budanov, V. I., Armanious, L. K., & Hayek, G. G. (1969). A petrological study on the central part of the Gabal Abu Khruq ring complex. Geol Surv Egypt, Paper, (51). Gindy, A. R., AR, G., SO, K., EL RAMLY, M. F., & AI, A. (1978). Contributions to the petrochemistry and geochemistry of the alkaline rocks of Gabal Abu Khruq and Gabal El-Nuhud, South-Eastern Desert, Egypt. Chemie der Erde, 37, 285-301. Landoll, J. D., Foland, K. A., & Henderson, C. M. B. (1994). Nd isotopes demonstrate the role of contamination in the formation of coexisting quartz and nepheline syenites at the Abu Khruq Complex, Egypt. Contributions to Mineralogy and Petrology, 117(3), 305-329. doi.org/10.1007/BF00310871 Lutz, T. M., Foland, K. A., Faul, H., & Srogi, L. (1988). The strontium and oxygen isotopic record of hydrothermal alteration of syenites from the Abu Khruq complex, Egypt. Contributions to Mineralogy and Petrology, 98(2), 212-223. doi.org/10.1007/BF00402113 Omar, G. I., Kohn, B. P., Lutz, T. M., & Faul, H. (1987). The cooling history of Silurian to Cretaceous alkaline ring complexes, south Eastern Desert, Egypt, as revealed by fission-track analysis. Earth and planetary science letters, 83(1-4), 94-108. doi.org/10.1016/0012-821X(87)90054-9 Meneisy, M. Y., & MY, M. (1974). POTASSIUM-ARGON AGES OF NEPHELINE SEYENITE RING COMPLEXES IN EGYPT. Geologisches Jahrbuch, Hannover, D9, 33-39. Serencsits, C. M., CM, S., KA, F., & El Ramly, M. F. (1979). Alkaline ring complexes in Egypt: their ages and relationship to tectonic development of the Red Sea. Annals of the Geological Survey of Egypt, 9, 102-116. Soliman, M. M. (1987). The younger granites and ring complexes of the Southeastern Desert of Egypt and their relation to mineralization. Journal of African Earth Sciences (1983), 6(5), 745-754. doi.org/10.1016/0899-5362(87)90010-8
Wooley, A.R. (2001): Alkaline rocks and carbonatites of the world, Part 3: Africa. Geological Society, London. 210-211. ; Abouzeid, A. Z. M., & Negm, A. T. A. (2014). Characterization and Beneficiation of an Egyptian Nepheline Syenite Ore. International Journal of Mineralogy, 2014.
El Ramly, M.F., Budanov, V.I. & Hussein, A.A.A. 1971. The alkaline rocks of south-eastern Egypt. Geological Survey of Egypt, Paper, 53. El Ramly, M. F., Dereniuk, N. E., Budanov, V. I., Armanious, L. K., & Hayek, G. G. (1969). A petrological study on the central part of the Gabal Abu Khruq ring complex. Geol Surv Egypt, Paper, (51). EL REEDY, M. W. (1985). Preliminary investigation on the distribution of uranium and thorium in some alkaline rocks of South Eastern Desert, Egypt. Annals of the Geological Survey of Egypt, 15, 115-121. Serencsits, C. M., CM, S., KA, F., & El Ramly, M. F. (1979). Alkaline ring complexes in Egypt: their ages and relationship to tectonic development of the Red Sea. Annals of the Geological Survey of Egypt, 9, 102-116. Hashad, A. H., AH, H., & EL REEDY, M. W. M. (1979). Geochronology of the anorogenic alkalic rocks South Eastern Desert, Egypt. Annals of the Geological Survey of Egypt, 9, 81-101.
El Ramly, M. F., Budanov, V. I., Armanious, L. K., & Dereniuk, N. E. (1969). The three ring complexes of Gabal El Kahfa, GabalNigrub El Fogani and Gabal El Naga, south Eastern Desert of Egypt. Geol. Surv. Egypt, paper, (52), 39. HUSSEIN, A.A. & HASSAN, M.A. (1973). FURTHER CONTRIBUTION TO GEOLOGY AND GEOCHEMISTRY OF SOME EGYPTIAN RING COMPLEXES. Annals of the Geological Survey of Egypt, 3, 167-175. Omar, G. I., Kohn, B. P., Lutz, T. M., & Faul, H. (1987). The cooling history of Silurian to Cretaceous alkaline ring complexes, south Eastern Desert, Egypt, as revealed by fission-track analysis. Earth and planetary science letters, 83(1-4), 94-108. doi.org/10.1016/0012-821X(87)90054-9 Serencsits, C. M., CM, S., KA, F., & El Ramly, M. F. (1979). Alkaline ring complexes in Egypt: their ages and relationship to tectonic development of the Red Sea. Annals of the Geological Survey of Egypt, 9, 102-116. Soliman, M. M. (1987). The younger granites and ring complexes of the Southeastern Desert of Egypt and their relation to mineralization. Journal of African Earth Sciences (1983), 6(5), 745-754. doi.org/10.1016/0899-5362(87)90010-8
El Ramly, M. F., HUSSEIN, A. A., & Francis, M. H. (1982). The ring complex of Wadi Dib―North Eastern desert, Egypte. Annals of the Geological Survey of Egypt, 12, 77-82. Frisch, W. (1982). The Wadi Dib ring complex, Nubian Desert (Egypt) and its importance for the upper limit of the Pan-African orogeny. PreR, 16(4), A20-A20. doi.org/10.1016/0301-9268(82)90096-1 Sabet, A.H., Maksoud, M.A.A. & Nabrovenkov, U.S. 1977. Geological setting and petrography of Wadi Dib ring intrusion, Northern Eastern Desert, Egypt. Egyptian Journal of Geology, 21, 91-102. Serencsits, C. M., CM, S., KA, F., & El Ramly, M. F. (1979). Alkaline ring complexes in Egypt: their ages and relationship to tectonic development of the Red Sea. Annals of the Geological Survey of Egypt, 9, 102-116.
Finland
 
  • Lapland
    • Ranua
Mutanen, T. 2011. Alkalikiviä ja appiniitteja. Raportti hankkeen " Magmatismi ja malminmuodostus II" toiminnasta 2002-2005.; Mutanen, T. 2011. Alkalikiviä ja appiniitteja. Raportti hankkeen " Magmatismi ja malminmuodostus II" toiminnasta 2002-2005.
  • North Karelia
    • Joensuu
Eskola, P., & SAHLSTEIN, T. (1930). On astrophyllite bearing nephelite syenite gneiss. Bull. Comm. Géol. Finlande, 92, 77-88.
  • North Ostrobothnia
    • Kuusamo
Sahama, T. G. (1958). A complex form of natural nepheline from Iivaara, Finland. American Mineralogist, 43(1-2), 165-166.; Kramm, U. (1994). Isotope evidence for ijolite formation by fenitization: Sr− Nd data of ijolites from the type locality Iivaara, Finland. Contributions to Mineralogy and Petrology, 115(3), 279-286. Kramm, U., Kogarko, L. N., Kononova, V. A., & Vartiainen, H. (1993). The Kola Alkaline Province of the CIS and Finland: Precise Rb Sr ages define 380–360 Ma age range for all magmatism. Lithos, 30(1), 33-44.
France
 
  • French Polynesia
    • Society Islands
      • Leeward Islands
Blais, S., Guille, G., Maury, R. C., Guillou, H., & Miau, D. (1997). Geologie et petrologie de l'ile de Raiatea (Societe, Polynesie francaise). Comptes rendus de l'Académie des sciences. Série 2. Sciences de la terre et des planètes, 324(6), 435-442. Cordier, C., Clément, J. P., Caroff, M., Hémond, C., Blais, S., Cotten, J., ... & Guille, G. (2005). Petrogenesis of Coarse-grained Intrusives from Tahiti Nui and Raiatea (Society Islands, French Polynesia). Journal of Petrology, 46(11), 2281-2312. doi.org/10.1093/petrology/egi055 Guillou, H., Maury, R. C., Blais, S., Cotten, J., Legendre, C., Guille, G., & Caroff, M. (2005). Age progression along the Society hotspot chain (French Polynesia) based on new unspiked K-Ar ages. Bulletin de la Société géologique de France, 176(2), 135-150. doi.org/10.2113/176.2.135
      • Windward Islands
Mcbirney, A. R., & Aoki, K. I. (1968). Petrology of the island of Tahiti. Geological Society of America Memoirs, 116, 523-556. doi.org/10.1130/MEM116-p523 Cordier, C., Clément, J. P., Caroff, M., Hémond, C., Blais, S., Cotten, J., ... & Guille, G. (2005). Petrogenesis of Coarse-grained Intrusives from Tahiti Nui and Raiatea (Society Islands, French Polynesia). Journal of Petrology, 46(11), 2281-2312. doi.org/10.1093/petrology/egi055 Hildenbrand, A., Gillot, P. Y., & Le Roy, I. (2004). Volcano-tectonic and geochemical evolution of an oceanic intra-plate volcano: Tahiti-Nui (French Polynesia). Earth and Planetary Science Letters, 217(3-4), 349-365. doi.org/10.1016/S0012-821X(03)00599-5
  • Occitanie
    • Aude
      • Narbonne
        • Fitou
Azambre, B., Rossy, M., & Albarede, F. (1992). Petrology of the alkaline magmatism from the Cretaceous North-Pyrenean rift zone (France and Spain). European Journal of Mineralogy, 813-834.
Germany
 
  • Rhineland-Palatinate
    • Ahrweiler District
      • Brohltal
        • Glees
Brauns, R. ; Uhlig, J., Cancrinit- und Nephelin-führende Auswürflinge aus dem Laacher See Gebiet, N.Jb. Mineral.Geol.Paläonolog., Beil. Band 56, Abt. A, 468-498, 1913
Blass, G., Graf , HW., Neue Mineralienfunde aus der Vulkaneifel, MW 1/2001
    • Mayen-Koblenz District
      • Mendig
        • Mendig
Brauns, R. ; Uhlig, J., Cancrinit- und Nephelin-führende Auswürflinge aus dem Laacher See Gebiet, N.Jb. Mineral.Geol.Paläonolog., Beil. Band 56, Abt. A, 468-498, 1913; Chukanov, N.V.; Vigasina, M.F.; Zubkova, N.V.; Pekov, I.V.; Schäfer, C.; Kasatkin, A.V.; Yapaskurt, V.O.; Pushcharovsky, D.Y. (2020) Extra-Framework Content in Sodalite-Group Minerals: Complexity and New Aspects of Its Study Using Infrared and Raman Spectroscopy. Minerals 10, 363.
Blass, G., Graf , HW., Neufunde von bekannten Fundorten (19. Folge), MW 5/1997
Brauns, R. ; Uhlig, J., Cancrinit- und Nephelin-führende Auswürflinge aus dem Laacher See Gebiet, N.Jb. Mineral.Geol.Paläonolog., Beil. Band 56, Abt. A, 468-498, 1913)
          • Wingertsberg
Brauns, R. ; Uhlig, J., Cancrinit- und Nephelin-führende Auswürflinge aus dem Laacher See Gebiet, N.Jb. Mineral.Geol.Paläonolog., Beil. Band 56, Abt. A, 468-498, 1913
      • Pellenz
        • Kruft
Brauns, R. ; Uhlig, J., Cancrinit- und Nephelin-führende Auswürflinge aus dem Laacher See Gebiet, N.Jb. Mineral.Geol.Paläonolog., Beil. Band 56, Abt. A, 468-498, 1913
      • Vordereifel
        • Ettringen
http://www.mineral-expert.de/downloads/tauschliste2011_12_04.pdf (T1613).; http://www.rbmineral.de/braithtausch-aktuell.pdf (Quadridavyn entry).
  • Schleswig-Holstein
    • Rendsburg-Eckernförde
      • Schwedeneck
A. Wittern: "Mineralfundorte in Deutschland", Schweizerbart (Stuttgart), 2001
Ghana
 
  • Eastern Region
    • Asuogyaman District
Allen, J. B., & Charsley, T. J. (1968). Nepheline-syenite and Phonolite. HMSO. Holm, R. F. (1971). Some garnets, pyroxenes, and amphiboles from nepheline gneisses in Ghana. American Mineralogist: Journal of Earth and Planetary Materials, 56(11-12), 2111-2122. Holm, R. F. (1974). Petrology of alkalic gneiss in the Dahomeyan of Ghana. Geological Society of America Bulletin, 85(9), 1441-1448. doi.org/10.1130/0016-7606(1974)85<1441:POAGIT>2.0.CO;2 Kesse, G. O. (1985). The mineral and rock resources of Ghana. Balkema, Rotterdam and Boston.
Greenland
 
  • Kujalleq
    • Igaliku Complex
Coulson, I. M. (2003). Evolution of the North Qôroq centre nepheline syenites, South Greenland: alkali-mafic silicates and the role of metasomatism. Mineralogical Magazine, 67(5), 873-892.
Petersen, O.V. (2001): List of all minerals identified in the Ilímaussaq alkaline complex, South Greenland. Geology of Greenland Survey Bulletin. 190, 25-33
    • Tuttutooq
Upton, B. G. J., Stephenson, D., & Martin, A. R. (1985). The Tugtutôq older giant dyke complex: mineralogy and geochemistry of an alkali gabbro-augite-syenite-foyaite association in the Gardar Province of South Greenland. Mineralogical Magazine, 49(354), 623–642.
  • Sermersooq
Bedford, C.M., 1989. The mineralogy, geochemistry and petrogenesis of the Gronnedal-Ika complex, southwest Greenland. Unpublished PhD thesis, University of Durham
    • Kangerlussuaq Fjord
MinRec 16:485-494
http://www.koeln.netsurf.de/~w.steffens/green.htm
Christiansen, C. C., Gault, R. A., Grice, J. D., Johnsen, O. (2003): Kochite, a new member of the rosenbuschite group from the Werner Bjerge alkaline complex, East Greenland. European Journal of Mineralogy. 15, 551-554
Guinea
 
  • Conakry Region
India
 
  • Andhra Pradesh
    • Coastal Andhra Region
      • East Godavari
Rao, Y. J., & Murthy, I. S. N. (1973). On the occurrence of carbonatites in the Vinayakapuram-Kunavaram Nepheline syenite band, Khammam district, Andhra Pradesh. Geological Society of India, 14(4), 431-433.; Bose, M. K., Chakravarti, S., & Sarkar, A. (1971). Petrological observations on alkali syenites of Kunavaram, AP, India. Geological Magazine, 108(4), 273-280. Rao, Y. J., & Murthy, I. S. N. (1973). On the occurrence of carbonatites in the Vinayakapuram-Kunavaram Nepheline syenite band, Khammam district, Andhra Pradesh. Geological Society of India, 14(4), 431-433. Jayaram, M. S., Devendranath, T., & Sarma, S. R. (1972). The nepheline syenite belt of Khammam District, Andhra Pradesh. Geological Society of India, 13(4), 418-420. Subbarao, K. V. (1971). The Kunavaram Series—A Group of Alkaline Rocks, Khammam Distric, Andhra Pradesh, India. Journal of Petrology, 12(3), 621-641.
      • Prakasam District
Madhavan, V., & Leelanandam, C. (1988). Petrology of the Elchuru alkaline pluton, Prakasam District, Andhra Pradesh, India. Journal of the Geological Society of India, 31(6), 535-537. Czygan, W., & Goldenberg, G. (1989). Petrography and geochemistry of the alkaline complexes of Sivamalai, Elchuru and Uppalapadu. India. Mem. Geol. Soc. India, 15, 225-240. Madhavan, V., Mallikharjuna Rao, J., SUBRAHMANYAM K, K. S., & LEELANANDAM, C. (1989). Bedrock geology of the Elchuru alkaline pluton, Prakasam district, Andhra Pradesh. Geol. Soc. India Memoir, 15, 189-205. Madhavan, V., MALLIKHARJUNA, R., Balaram, V., & Kumar, R. (1992). Geochemistry and petrogenesis of lamprophyres and associated dykes from Elchuru, Andhra Pradesh, India. Journal of the Geological Society of India, 40(2), 135-149. Nag, S., Chakravorty, P. S., Smith, T. E., & Huang, C. H. (1984). The petrology and geochemistry of intrusive alkaline rocks of Elchuru, Prakasam District, Andhra Pradesh, India. Geological Journal, 19(1), 57-76. Subba Rao, T. V., Bhaskar Rao, Y. J., Sivaraman, T. V., & Gopalan, K. (1989). Rb-Sr age and petrology of the Elchuru Alkaline Complex: implications to alkaline magmatism in the Eastern Ghat Mobile Belt. Mem. Geol. Soc. India, 15, 207-223. Upadhyay, D., Raith, M. M., Mezger, K., & Hammerschmidt, K. (2006). Mesoproterozoic rift-related alkaline magmatism at Elchuru, Prakasam alkaline province, SE India. Lithos, 89(3-4), 447-477.
Narasinga Rao, K., & Leelanandam, C. (1974). Occurrence of nepheline syenites near Kotappa Konda, Guntur District, Andhra Pradesh. Jour, Indian Acad. Geosci, 17, 53-56.
Reddy, Y. J., & Leelanandam, C. (1986). OCCURRENCE OF NEPHELINE SYENITES WITHIN THE PASUPUGALLU GABBRO′ ANORTHOSITE PLUTON, PRAKASAM DISTRICT, ANDHRA PRADESH. Current Science, 55(23), 1190-1191.
Madhavan, V., & Sugrive Reddy, A. G. (1990). The Podili Syenites―A suite of alkaline and subalkaline rocks from Andhra Pradesh. Journal of the Geological Society of India, 35(4), 341-356. Murty, M. S. (1977). Sodalite-Cancrinite-Fluorite Syenite from the Granitic Terrain of Podili, Prakasam District, Andhra Pradesh. Geological Society of India, 18(6), 297-298.
Leelanandam, C. (1989). The Prakasam alkaline province in Andhra Pradesh, India. Jour. Geol. Soc. India, 34, 25-45. Leelanandam, C., & Ratnakar, J. (1980). Ocellar lamprophyres from the Purimetla alkaline pluton, Prakasam district, Andhra Pradesh. QJ Geol. Ming. Metall. Soc. India, 52(2), 77-79. Leelanandam, C., & Ratnakar, J. (1983). The Purimetla alkaline pluton. Prakasam District, Andhra Pradesh. Quart. Jour. Geol. Min. Met. Soc. India (presently Indian Jour. Geol.), 55, 14-30. Madhavan, V., & Leelanandam, C. (1981). The aenigmatite-bearing alkaline rocks from the Prakasam and Nellore districts of Andhra Pradesh. Current Science, 50(7), 320-321. Ratnakar, J., & Leelanandam, C. (1986). A PETROCHEMICAL STUDY OF THE PURIMETLA ALKALINE PLUTON, PRAKASAM DISTRICT, ANDHRA-PRADESH, INDIA. NEUES JAHRBUCH FUR MINERALOGIE-ABHANDLUNGEN, 156(1), 99-119.
Reddy, K. K., Ratnakar, J., & Leelanandam, C. (1998). A petrochemical study of the Proterozoic alkaline complex of Uppalapadu, Prakasam Province, Andhra Pradesh, India. Journal of the Geological Society of India, 52(1), 41-52. Czygan, W., & Goldenberg, G. (1989). Petrography and geochemistry of the alkaline complexes of Sivamalai, Elchuru and Uppalapadu. India. Mem. Geol. Soc. India, 15, 225-240. Kumar, K. V., Frost, C. D., Frost, B. R., & Chamberlain, K. R. (2007). The Chimakurti, Errakonda, and Uppalapadu plutons, Eastern Ghats Belt, India: an unusual association of tholeiitic and alkaline magmatism. Lithos, 97(1-2), 30-57.
  • Assam
    • East Karbi Anglong District
S. Nag, S. K. Sengupta, R. K. Gaur and A. Absar (1999) Alkaline rocks of Samchampi-Samteran, District Karbi Anglong, Assam, India. Proceedings of the Indian Academy of Sciences, Earth and Planetary Sciences, 108, 33-48.
  • Bihar
    • Muzaffarpur District
Sahu, K. N. (1976). Petrological observations on nepheline syenites of Baradangua, Dhenkanal, Orissa. Geological Society of India, 17(4), 484-489.
  • Gujarat
    • Chhota Udaipur District
Viladkar, S. G. (2015). Mineralogy and geochemistry of fenitized nephelinites of the Amba Dongar complex, Gujarat. Journal of the Geological Society of India, 85(1), 87-97.
Srivastava, R. K. (1997). Petrology, geochemistry and genesis of rift-related carbonatites of Ambadungar, India. Mineralogy and Petrology, 61(1-4), 47-66.
      • Chhota Udaipur
R. N. Sukheswala and S. F. Sethna (1967) Giant pseudoleucites of Ghori, Chhota Udaipur, India. American Mineralogist 52:1904-1910.
AVASIA, R. (1968). INTERPENETRANT AND GROOVED TRAPEZOHEDRA OF PSEUDOLEUCITE, GHORI, CHHOTA UDAIPUR, GUJARAT. The Indian Mineralogist: Journal of the Mineralogical Society of India, 9, 76-78. Czygan, W. 1985. Petrography and geochemistry of foid syenites and related rocks of the Deccan Trap area, India. Indian Mineralogist (Sukheswala Volume), 20-43. Gwalani, L. G., Fernandez, S., Karanth, R. V., Demeny, A., Chang, W. J., & Avasia, R. K. (1994). Alkaline and tholeiitic dyke swarm associated with Amba Dongar and Phenai Mata complexes, Chhota Udaipur alkaline sub-province, Western India. MEMOIRS-GEOLOGICAL SOCIETY OF INDIA, 391-424. Sukheswala, R. N., & Sethna, S. F. (1973). Oversaturated and undersaturated differentiates in the tholeiitic igneous complex of Phenai Mata, Baroda District, Gujarat State, India. Neues Jahrbuch für Mineralogie, Abhandlungen, 118, 159-176.
Goldschmidt Conference Abstracts (2011) Mineralogical Magazine p1960
    • Kutch District
      • Bhuj Taluka
Karkare, S.G., Kumar, S. & Srivastava, R.K. 1991. Evolution of the island chain of Kutch and role of rift magmatism and autonomous activization. Journal of Scientific Research, Banares Hindu University, 41B, 163-175.
  • Karnataka
    • Ramanagara District
Devaraju, T.C., Laajoki, K., Makkonen, H., Khandali, S.D., Ugarkar, A.G. & Jamakhandi, M.S.R. 1995. Neo-Proterozoic dyke swarms of southern Karnataka: Part I: Field characters, petrography and mineralogy. Memoir, Geological Society of India, 33, 209-265. Devaraju, T.C., Laajoki, K., Zozulya, D., Khanadali, S.D., & Ugarkar, A.G. 1995. Neo-Proterozoic dyke swarm of southern Karnataka: Part II: Geochemistry, oxygen isotope composition, Rb-Sr age and petrogenesis. Memoir, Geological Society of India, 33, 267-306. Ikramuddin, M., & Stueber, A. M. (1976). Rb-Sr ages of Precambrian dolerite and alkaline dikes, southeast Mysore state, India. Lithos, 9(3), 235-241.
  • Madhya Pradesh
    • Alirajpur District
Gwalani, L. G., Rock, N. M. S., Chang, W. J., Fernandez, S., Allegre, C. J., & Prinzhofer, A. (1993). Alkaline rocks and carbonatites of Amba Dongar and adjacent areas, Deccan Igneous Province, Gujarat, India: 1. Geology, petrography and petrochemistry. Mineralogy and Petrology, 47(2-4), 219-253. Hari, K. R., Kumar, M. S., Santosh, M., & Rai, S. K. (1998). Petrology, geochemistry and stable isotope studies of carbonate-rich dyke-like bodies, Chhaktalao area, Madhya Pradesh. JOURNAL OF THE GEOLOGICAL SOCIETY OF INDIA, 52(5), 591-595. Le Maitre, R. W., Streckeisen, A., Zanettin, B., LeBase, M. J., Bonin, B., Batemen, P., ... & Lameyre, J. 2002, Igneous rocks: A classification and glossary of Terms.
  • Maharashtra
    • Nashik District
      • Igatpuri
Woolley A.R. (2019) Alkaline Rocks and Carbonatites of the World. Part 4: Antarctica, Asia and Europe, p.93 Sukheswala, R. N., & Avasia, R. K. (1966). Nepheline syenite in the Deccan traps of Jawhar, Bombay. Geological Society of India, 7, 86-91. Czygan, W. 1985. Petrography and geochemistry of foid syenites and related rocks of the Deccan Trap area, India. Indian Mineralogist (Sukheswala Volume), 20-43.
  • Meghalaya
    • East Garo Hills District
KUMAR, S., DHANA RAJU, R., Varma, H. M., & Dougall, N. K. (1984). Cancrinite-tinguaite and K-rich tachyte in the Nongcharam-Darugiri area of east Garo Hills district, Meghalaya: a preliminary study. Journal of the Geological Society of India, 25(8), 528-532.
    • East Khasi Hills District
Melluso, L., Srivastava, R. K., Guarino, V., Zanetti, A., & Sinha, A. K. (2010). Mineral compositions and petrogenetic evolution of the ultramafic-alkaline–carbonatitic complex of Sung Valley, northeastern India. The Canadian Mineralogist, 48(1), 205-229.; Krishnamurthy, P. (1985). Petrology of the carbonatites and associated rocks of Sung Valley, Jaintia hills district, Meghalaya, India. Journal of The Geological Society of India, 26(6), 361-379. Sen, A. K. (1999). Origin of the Sung Valley carbonatite complex, Meghalaya, India: major element geochemistry constraints. Journal of the Geological Society of India, 53(3), 285-297.
    • West Khasi Hills District
RAGHAVAN NAMBIAR, A. (1987). Alkaline magmatism in parts of West Khasi Hills and East Garo Hills district, Meghalaya. Records of the Geological Survey of India, 115(3-4), 25-44. Ray, J. S., Ramesh, R., & Pande, K. (1999). Carbon isotopes in Kerguelen plume-derived carbonatites: evidence for recycled inorganic carbon. Earth and Planetary Science Letters, 170(3), 205-214. Sarkar, A., Datta, A. K., Poddar, B. C., Bhattacharyya, B. K., Kollapuri, V. K., & Sanwal, R. (1996). Geochronological studies of Mesozoic igneous rocks from eastern India. Journal of Southeast Asian Earth Sciences, 13(2), 77-81.
  • Odisha
    • Nuapada District
Upadhyay, D., Raith, M. M., Mezger, K., Bhattacharya, A., & Kinny, P. D. (2006). Mesoproterozoic rifting and Pan-African continental collision in SE India: evidence from the Khariar alkaline complex. Contributions to Mineralogy and Petrology, 151(4), 434-456. Madhavan, V., & Khurram, M. Z. A. K. (1989). The alkaline gneisses of Khariar, Kalahandi district, Orissa. Mem. Geol. Soc. India, 15, 265-289.
  • Rajasthan
    • Ajmer District
Niyogi, D. (1966). Petrology of the alkalic rocks of Kishangarh, Rajasthan, India. Geological Society of America Bulletin, 77(1), 65-82.
    • Barmer District
      • Malani Igneous Province
Chandrasekaran, V., Srivastava, R. K., & Chawade, M. P. (1990). Geochemistry of the alkaline rocks of Sarnu-Dandali area, district Barmer, Rajasthan, India. Journal of the Geological Society of India, 36(4), 365-382. Chandrasekaran, V., & Chawade, M. P. (1990). Carbonatites of Barmer district, Rajasthan. Indian Minerals, 44(4), 315-324. Chandrasekaran, V., & Srivastava, R. K. (1992). Geochemistry of the Sarnu-Dandali carbonatites, District Barmer, Rajasthan, India. Journal of the Geological Society of India, 39(4), 321-328. Ray, J. S., & Ramesh, R. (1999). Evolution of carbonatite complexes of the Deccan flood basalt province: stable carbon and oxygen isotopic constraints. Journal of Geophysical Research: Solid Earth, 104(B12), 29471-29483. Srivastava, R. K. (1989). Alkaline and peralkaline rocks of Rajasthan. Mem. Geol. Soc. India, 15, 3-24.
  • Tamil Nadu
    • Tiruppur District
Rao, B. B. (1982). Petrology of the alkaline rocks around Sivamalai, Coimbatore district, Tamilnadu, India. Geologische Rundschau, 71(1), 263-279. Bose, M. K. (1971). Petrology of the alkalic suite of Sivamalai, Coimbatore, Tamil Nadu. Geological Society of India, 12(3), 241-261. Bose, M. K., Roy, A. K. G., & Czygan, W. (1982). K-Rb relations in the alkaline suites of the Eastern Ghats precambrian belt, India. Lithos, 15(1), 77-84. Czygan, W., & Goldenberg, G. (1989). Petrography and geochemistry of the alkaline complexes of Sivamalai, Elchuru and Uppalapadu. India. Mem. Geol. Soc. India, 15, 225-240. Rao, T. S., Narayana, B. L., & Gopalan, K. (1994). Rb-Sr age of the Sivamalai alkaline complex, Tamil Nadu. Proceedings of the Indian Academy of Sciences-Earth and Planetary Sciences, 103(3), 425-437.
Italy
 
  • Campania
    • Caserta
Calderoni, G., Giannetti, B., & Masi, U. (1981). Distribution and behavior of lead in the K-alkaline rocks from the Roccamonfina Volcano (southern Italy). Chemical Geology, 34(3-4), 259-274. Cole, P. D., Guest, J. E., Duncan, A. M., Chester, D. K., & Bianchi, R. (1992). Post-collapse volcanic history of calderas on a composite volcano: an example from Roccamonfina, southern Italy. Bulletin of volcanology, 54(4), 253-266. Conticelli, S., D’antonio, M., Pinarelli, L., & Civetta, L. (2002). Source contamination and mantle heterogeneity in the genesis of Italian potassic and ultrapotassic volcanic rocks: Sr–Nd–Pb isotope data from Roman Province and Southern Tuscany. Mineralogy and Petrology, 74(2-4), 189-222. Ghiara, M. R., & Lirer, L. (1976). Mineralogy and geochemistry of the «Low potassium» series of the roccamonfina volcanic suite (Campania, South Italy). Bulletin Volcanologique, 40(1), 39-56. Conticelli, S., Marchionni, S., Rosa, D., Giordano, G., Boari, E., & Avanzinelli, R. (2009). Shoshonite and sub-alkaline magmas from an ultrapotassic volcano: Sr–Nd–Pb isotope data on the Roccamonfina volcanic rocks, Roman Magmatic Province, Southern Italy. Contributions to Mineralogy and Petrology, 157(1), 41-63. Giannetti, B. (1982). Cumulate inclusions from K-rich magmas, Roccamonfina volcano, Italy. Earth and Planetary Science Letters, 57(2), 313-335. Giannetti, B., & De Casa, G. (2000). Stratigraphy, chronology, and sedimentology of ignimbrites from the white trachytic tuff, Roccamonfina Volcano, Italy. Journal of Volcanology and Geothermal Research, 96(3-4), 243-295. Giannetti, B., & Ellam, R. (1994). The primitive lavas of Roccamonfina volcano, Roman region, Italy: new constraints on melting processes and source mineralogy. Contributions to Mineralogy and Petrology, 116(1-2), 21-31. Giannetti, B., & Luhr, J. F. (1983). The white trachytic tuff of Roccamonfina volcano (Roman region, Italy). Contributions to Mineralogy and Petrology, 84(2-3), 235-252. Giannetti, B., & Luhr, J. F. (1990). Phlogopite-clinopyroxenite nodules from high-K magmas, Roccamonfina Volcano, Italy: evidence for a low-pressure metasomatic origin. Earth and Planetary Science Letters, 101(2-4), 404-424. Le Maitre, R. W., Streckeisen, A., Zanettin, B., Le Bas, M. J., Bonin, B., Bateman, P., ... & Lameyre, J. (2002). Igneous rocks. A classification and glossary of terms, 2. Nikogosian, I. K., & van Bergen, M. J. (2010). Heterogeneous mantle sources of potassium-rich magmas in central-southern Italy: Melt inclusion evidence from Roccamonfina and Ernici (Mid Latina Valley). Journal of Volcanology and Geothermal Research, 197(1-4), 279-302. Peccerillo, A. (2005). Plio-quaternary volcanism in Italy (Vol. 365). New York: Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg. Rouchon, V., Gillot, P. Y., Quidelleur, X., Chiesa, S., & Floris, B. (2008). Temporal evolution of the Roccamonfina volcanic complex (Pleistocene), Central Italy. Journal of Volcanology and Geothermal Research, 177(2), 500-514. Taylor Jr, H. P., Giannetti, B., & Turi, B. (1979). Oxygen isotope geochemistry of the potassic igneous rocks from the Roccamonfina volcano, Roman comagmatic region, Italy. Earth and Planetary Science Letters, 46(1), 81-106. Vollmer, R., & Hawkesworth, C. J. (1980). Lead isotopic composition of the potassic rocks from Roccamonfina (South Italy). Earth and Planetary Science Letters, 47(1), 91-101.uri, B., Taylor Jr, H. P., & Ferrara, G. (1991). Comparisons of^(18) O/^(16) O and^(87) Sr/^(86) Sr in volcanic rocks from the Pontine Islands, M. Ernici, and Campania with other areas in Italy.
Giannetti, B. (): Cumulate inclusions from K-rich magmas, Roccamonfina volcano, Italy. Earth and Planetary Science Letters, 57, 313-335
    • Naples
      • Somma-Vesuvius Complex
[Lapis 1994:5 p.13-23,58]
  • Lazio
    • Metropolitan City of Rome Capital
Woolley A.R. (2019) Alkaline Rocks and Carbonatites of the World. Part 4: Antarctica, Asia and Europe, p.367 Buttinelli, M., De Rita, D., Cremisini, C., & Cimarelli, C. (2011). Deep explosive focal depths during maar forming magmatic-hydrothermal eruption: Baccano Crater, Central Italy. Bulletin of Volcanology, 73(7), 899-915. Cámara, F., Bellatreccia, F., Della Ventura, G., Mottana, A., Bindi, L., Gunter, M. E., & Sebastiani, M. (2010). Fantappièite, a new mineral of the cancrinite-sodalite group with a 33-layer stacking sequence: occurrence and crystal structure. American Mineralogist, 95(4), 472-480. Conticelli, S., Francalanci, L., Manetti, P., Cioni, R., & Sbrana, A. (1997). Petrology and geochemistry of the ultrapotassic rocks from the Sabatini Volcanic District, central Italy: the role of evolutionary processes in the genesis of variably enriched alkaline magmas. Journal of Volcanology and Geothermal Research, 75(1-2), 107-136. Cundari, A. (1979). Petrogenesis of leucite-bearing lavas in the Roman volcanic region, Italy. Contributions to Mineralogy and Petrology, 70(1), 9-21. Karner, D. B., Marra, F., & Renne, P. R. (2001). The history of the Monti Sabatini and Alban Hills volcanoes: groundwork for assessing volcanic-tectonic hazards for Rome. Journal of Volcanology and Geothermal Research, 107(1-3), 185-219. Le Maitre, R. W., Streckeisen, A., Zanettin, B., Le Bas, M. J., Bonin, B., Bateman, P., ... & Lameyre, J. (2002). Igneous rocks. A classification and glossary of terms, 2. Sottili, G., Palladino, D. M., & Zanon, V. (2004). Plinian activity during the early eruptive history of the Sabatini Volcanic District, Central Italy. Journal of Volcanology and Geothermal Research, 135(4), 361-379. Sottili, G., Palladino, D. M., Marra, F., Jicha, B., Karner, D. B., & Renne, P. (2010). Geochronology of the most recent activity in the Sabatini Volcanic District, Roman Province, central Italy. Journal of Volcanology and Geothermal Research, 196(1-2), 20-30. Sottili, G., Palladino, D. M., Gaeta, M., & Masotta, M. (2012). Origins and energetics of maar volcanoes: examples from the ultrapotassic Sabatini Volcanic District (Roman Province, Central Italy). Bulletin of Volcanology, 74(1), 163-186.
    • Viterbo Province
Di Domenico Dario
No reference listed
Signoretti, E., Carlini, R., Mattei, L. (2004): Località minori del vulcano Vicano: Pian di S. Martino, Le Carcarelle, Torre del Quercio. Il Cercapietre, 1-2, articolo 3; http://www.gminromano.it/Cercapietre/rivista04/testo/04A04.html
Japan
 
  • Hiroshima Prefecture
    • Shoubara City
Kusachi & Henmi (1990) Koubutsu-Gakkai Kou'en-Youshi, 97.
Kazakhstan
 
  • Akmola Region
    • Zerendy
Kogaro et al (1995) Alkaline Rocks and Carbonatites of the World Part 2: USSR
  • Aktobe Region
    • Khromtau
Kogaro et al (1995) Alkaline Rocks and Carbonatites of the World Part 2: USSR
  • Jambyl Region
    • Sarysu
      • Berkuty stream
  • North Kazakhstan Region
    • Timiryazev
  • Pavlodar Region
    • Bayanaul
Kenya
 
  • Baringo County
Key, R. M. (1987). Geology of the Maralal area. Republic of Kenya Ministry of Environment and Natural Resources, Mines and Geological Department Report, 105. Weaver, S. D. (1977). The Quaternary caldera volcano Emuruangogolak, Kenya Rift, and the petrology of a bimodal ferrobasalt-pantelleritic trachyte association. Bulletin Volcanologique, 40(4), 209-230. doi.org/10.1007/BF02597564 Webb, P.K. & Weaver, S.D. 1976. Trachyte shield volcanoes: a new volcanic form from South Turkana, Kenya. Bulletin Volcanologique, 39, 294-312.
  • Homa Bay County
Berger, V.I., Singer, D.A., Orris, G.J. (2009) Carbonatites of the World, Explored Deposits of Nb and REE - Database and Grade and Tonnage Models. U.S. Geological Survey Open-File Report 2009-1139, 17 pages.
Kyrgyzstan
 
  • Issyk-Kul Region
Konopelko, D., Biske, G., Seltmann, R., Petrov, S. V., & Lepekhina, E. (2014). Age and petrogenesis of the Neoproterozoic Chon-Ashu alkaline complex, and a new discovery of chalcopyrite mineralization in the eastern Kyrgyz Tien Shan. Ore Geology Reviews, 61, 175-191.
Libya
 
  • Kufra District
Flinn et al (1992)
Flinn et al. (1992)
Malawi
 
  • Northern Region
    • Chitipa
      • Songwe Complex
Eby, G. N., Woolley, A. R., Din, V., & Platt, G. (1998). Geochemistry and petrogenesis of nepheline syenites: Kasungu–Chipala, Ilomba, and Ulindi nepheline syenite intrusions, North Nyasa alkaline province, Malawi. Journal of Petrology, 39(8), 1405-1424.
Mali
 
  • Kidal Region
    • Tessalit Cercle
Orris, G.J., and Grauch, R.I. (2002): USGS Open-File Report 02-189.
Orris, G.J., and Grauch, R.I. (2002): USGS Open-File Report 02-189.
Mexico
 
  • Coahuila
    • Sierra Mojada Municipality
      • Sierra Mojada
Mineralogical Magazine 1964 33 : 841-852
Mongolia
 
  • Dornogovi Province
    • Khatanbulag District
Kynický, J. & Samec, P. (2005): Hydrothermally-metasomatic and exsolution-like mineralization of the carbonatites from selected localities at Gobi. Mongolian Geoscientist. sv. 9, č. 27, s. 52-55.
  • Sühbaatar Province
    • Khalzan District
Gerel, O., Oyungerel, S., & Minjin, C., 2005. Intrusive Magmatism of South Mongolia. Seltmann, R., Gerel, O., & Kirwin, D. Geodynamics and Metallogeny of Mongolia with a special emphasis on copper and gold deposits. IAGOD guidebook series, 11. CERCAMS/Natural History Museum, London, 131-148.
Morocco
 
  • Dakhla-Oued Ed-Dahab Region
    • Aousserd Province
Bea, F., Montero, P., Haissen, F., & El Archi, A. (2013). 2.46 Ga kalsilite and nepheline syenites from the Awsard pluton, Reguibat Rise of the West African Craton, Morocco. Generation of extremely K-rich magmas at the Archean–Proterozoic transition. Precambrian Research, 224, 242-254.
  • Drâa-Tafilalet Region
    • Midelt Province
      • Midelt Cercle
        • Aït Oufella Caïdat
          • Amersid
Economic Geology May 2000 v. 95 no. 3 p. 559-576 ; Woolley, A. R. (2001). Alkaline Rocks and Carbonatites of the World: Africa. Geological Society of London.; Salvi, S., Fontan, F., Monchoux, P., Williams-Jones, A. E., & Moine, B. (2000). Hydrothermal mobilization of high field strength elements in alkaline igneous systems: evidence from the Tamazeght Complex (Morocco). Economic Geology, 95(3), 559-576.
Myanmar
 
  • Mandalay Region
    • Pyin-Oo-Lwin District
      • Mogok Township
        • Mogok Valley
Themelis, Ted, 2008, Gems and Mines of Mogok.
Namibia
 
  • Khomas Region
    • Windhoek Rural
      • Aris
Wartha, R., Palfi, A., Niedermayr, G., Brandstätter, F. and Petersen, O. V. (2001): Der Aris-Phonolith-Komplex und seine Mineralien. In Bahmann, U. and A. (Eds.), Namibia – Zauberwelt edler Steine und Kristalle, Bode-Verlag, Haltern, Germany, pp. 172-179. (in German); [http://www.koeln.netsurf.de/~w.steffens/aris.htm]; Jost, B.M. (2012): Origin of water in miarolitic cavities of the Ariskop phonolite, Namibia. Master’s Thesis, ETH Zürich, Switzerland, 64 pp.
  • Kunene Region
    • Epupa
      • Swartbooisdrif
Drüppel, K., Hoefs, J., & Okrusch, M. (2005). Fenitizing processes induced by ferrocarbonatite magmatism at Swartbooisdrif, NW Namibia. Journal of Petrology, 46(2), 377-406.
        • Orotumba
von Seckendorff, V., Drüppel, K., Okrusch, M., Cook, N.J., and Littmann, S. (2000): Mineralium Deposita 35, 430-450.
    • Khorixas
Bodeving, S. (2015): Petrogenesis of the Lofdal Intrusive Suite: Implications for rare earth elements mineralization. Unpublished M.Sc. thesis, McGill University, Montreal, Quebec, Canada. 202 p.
  • Otjozondjupa Region
    • Otjiwarongo
Orris, G.J., and Grauch, R.I. (2002): USGS Open-File Report 02-189.
  • ǁKaras Region
    • ǃNamiǂNûs Constituency
Jour Pet 39:2123-2136
Nepal
 
  • Gandaki Pradesh
    • Gorkha District
Bordet, P., Colchen, M., Le Fort, P., & Pecher, A. (1981). The geodynamic evolution of the Himalaya. Ten years of research in Central Nepal Himalaya and some other regions. Gupta and Delany (Editors), Zagros-Hindu Kush-Himalaya Geodynamic Evolution. Am. Geophys. Union, Geodyn. Ser, 3, 149-168. Dhital, M. R. (1995). Mode of occurrence of nepheline syenites in the Gorkha-Ampipal area, central Nepal, Lesser Himalaya. Journal of the Nepal Geological Society, 11, 159-170. Lasserre, J. L., & JL, L. (1977). AMPHIBOLITES AND ALKALINE GNEISSES IN THE MIDLAND FORMATIONS OF NEPAL PETROGRAPHY GEOCHEMISTRY, GEODYNAMIC INVOLVEMENTS. Paper presented at the Colloques Internationaux du Centre National de la Recherche Scientifique, Paris, France, No. 268, Ecologie et Geologie de l'Himalaya, 213-236.
New Zealand
 
  • Otago Region
Railton, G.T., Watters, W.A. (1990) Minerals of New Zealand. New Zealand Geological Survey Bulletin 104, 89 pages.
  • West Coast Region
    • Grey District
Tulloch, A. J., Kimbrough, D. L., & Waight, T. E. (1994). The French Creek granite, north Westland, New Zealand-Late Cretaceous A-type plutonism on the Tasman passive margin. In Tasman Sea conference (pp. 65-66). Waight, T. E., Weaver, S. D., Ireland, T. R., Maas, R., Muir, R. J., & Shelley, D. (1997). Field characteristics, petrography, and geochronology of the Hohonu Batholith and the adjacent Granite Hill complex, North Westland, New Zealand. New Zealand Journal of Geology and Geophysics, 40(1), 1-17. Tulloch, A. J., & Nathan, S. (1990). Spinel harzburgite xenoliths in alkali basalt and camptonite from North Westland and southeast Nelson, New Zealand. New Zealand Journal of Geology and Geophysics, 33(4), 529-534.
      • Greymouth
Railton, G.L., Watters, W.A. (1990) Minerals of New Zealand, New Zealand Geological Survey Bulletin No. 104.
    • Westland District
Woolley, A. R. (2019, September). Alkaline Rocks and Carbonatites of the World, Part 4: Antarctica, Asia and Europe (excluding the former USSR), Australasia and Oceanic Islands. Geological Society of London, 283
Railton, G.L., Watters, W.A. (1990) Minerals of New Zealand, New Zealand Geological Survey Bulletin No. 104.
North Korea
 
  • Kangwon Province
    • Pyonggang County
INOUE Tami (1950) Amphiboles and Biotites from the Fukushinzan Alkaline Complex, Korea. Journal of the Geological Society of Japan 56(653), 71-77, 1950-06-25
Woolley A.R. (2019) Alkaline Rocks and Carbonatites of the World. Part 4: Antarctica, Asia and Europe, p.152 Inoue, T. & Miyashiro, A. 1951. Occurrence of vesuvianite in nepheline-syenitic rocks of the Fukushinzan District, Korea: with general consideration of the relation between the composition and occurrence of vesuvianite. Journal of the Geological Society of Japan, 57, 51-57. Miyashiro, A., & Miyashiro, T. (1956). Nepheline syenites and associated alkalic rocks of the Fukushin-zan district. Korea: Jour. Fac. Sci., Univ. Tokyo, Sec. II, 10, 1-64. Paek, R.J., Gap, K.H., & Jon, G.P. (eds) 1996. Geology of Korea. Foreign languages books publishing house, Pyongyang.
Norway
 
  • Troms og Finnmark
    • Alta
Barth, T. (1927): Die Pegmatitgänge der kaledonischen intrusivgesteine in Seiland-gebiete. Det Norske Videnskaps-Akademi Skrifter. 1. Mat.-Naturv. Klasse 1927. No.8. 123p.
    • Hasvik
Appleyard, E. C. (1965). A preliminary description of the geology of the Dønnesfjord area, Sørøy. Norges Geologiske Undersøkelse, 231, 143-164. Appleyard, E. C. (1980). Mass balance computations in metasomatism: metagabbro/nepheline syenite pegmatite interaction in northern Norway. Contributions to Mineralogy and Petrology, 73(2), 131-144. Daly, J. S., Aitcheson, S. J., Cliff, R. A., Gayer, R. A., & Rice, A. H. N. (1991). Geochronological evidence from discordant plutons for a late Proterozoic orogen in the Caledonides of Finnmark, northern Norway. Journal of the Geological Society, 148(1), 29-40. Gresens, R. L. (1967). Composition-volume relationships of metasomatism. Chemical geology, 2, 47-65. Kirkland, C. L., Daly, J. S., & Whitehouse, M. J. (2005). Early Silurian magmatism and the Scandian evolution of the Kalak nappe complex, Finnmark, Arctic Norway. Journal of the Geological Society, 162(6), 985-1003. Speedyman, D. L. (1983). The Husfjord Plutonic Complex, Sørøy, Northern Norway. Norges geologiske undersøkelse, 378, 1-48. Roberts, R. J., Corfu, F., Torsvik, T. H., Hetherington, C. J., & Ashwal, L. D. (2010). Age of alkaline rocks in the Seiland igneous province, northern Norway. Journal of the Geological Society, 167(1), 71-81. Kirkland, C. L., Daly, J. S., & Whitehouse, M. J. (2006). Granitic magmatism of Grenvillian and late Neoproterozoic age in Finnmark, Arctic Norway—constraining pre-Scandian deformation in the Kalak Nappe Complex. Precambrian Research, 145(1-2), 24-52. Sturt, B. A. (1961). Preferred orientation of nepheline in deformed nepheline syenite gneisses from Soeroey, northern Norway. Geological Magazine, 98(6), 464-466. Sturt, B. A., & Ramsay, D. M. (1965). The alkaline complex of the Breivikbotn area, Sørøy, northern Norway (Vol. 231). Universitetsforlaget, pp. 1-142. Sturt, B. A., Miller, J. A., & Fitch, F. J. (1967). The age of alkaline rocks from west Finnmark, northern Norway, and their bearing on the dating of the Caledonian orogeny. Norsk Geologisk Tidsskrift, 47(3), 255-273. Sturt, B. A., Pringle, I. R., & Ramsay, D. M. (1978). The Finnmarkian phase of the Caledonian orogeny. Journal of the Geological Society, 135(6), 597-610.
        • Breivikbotn
Sturt, B. A., Miller, J. A. & Fitch, F. J. (1967) The age of alkaline rocks from West Finnmark, Northern Norway, and their bearing on the dating of the Caledonian orogeny. Norsk Geologisk Tidsskrift. 47: 255-273.
Sturt, B. A. & Ramsay, D. M. (1965) The alkaline complex of the Breivikbotn area, Sørøy, Northern Norway. Norges Geologiske Undersøkelse, 231:1-164
Michalsen, A. (2000): Forekomster av mineraler og naturstein på Sørøya. STEIN 27 (2), 4-11
    • Karlsøy
Bøe, P. (2000): En gang av alkaline bergarter i Mikkelvik, Ringvassøy i Troms. Norsk Bergverksmuseum Skrift. 17, 71-79; Zozulya, D., Kullerud, K., Ravna, E. K., Corfu, F., & Savchenko, Y. (2009). Geology, age and geochemical constraints on the origin of the Late Archaean Mikkelvik alkaline stock, West Troms Basement Complex in Northern Norway. Norwegian Journal of Geology, 89, 327-340. Bøe, P. (2000): En gang av alkaline bergarter i Mikkelvik, Ringvassøy i Troms. Norsk Bergverksmuseum Skrift. 17: 71-79
Barth, T. (1927): Die Pegmatitgänge der kaledonischen intrusivgesteine in Seiland-gebiete. Det Norske Videnskaps-Akademi Skrifter. 1. Mat.-Naturv. Klasse 1927. No.8. 123p.
  • Vestfold og Telemark
    • Larvik
      • Brunlanes
Dahlgren, S. & Larsen, A.O. (2012): Minerals of the banalsite-stronalsite series in amygdules from the Brunlanes ultramafic series. Norsk Bergverksmuseum Skrifter, 49, 93-100
      • Hedrum
        • Lågendalen
Larsen, A. O. (ed.) (2010): The Langesundsfjord. History, geology, pegmatites, minerals. Bode Verlag Gmbh, Salzhemmendorf, Germany, 240 p
Knut Edvard Larsen collection
      • Langesundsfjorden
        • Barkevik area
Scheerer, T. (1864): Über den Astrophyllit und sein Verhältnis zu Augit und Glimmer im Zirkonsyenit, nebst Bemerkungen über die plutonische Entstehung, Annalen der Physik und Chemie, Vol. 198 (2/122), 107-138
Larsen, A. O. (ed.) (2010): The Langesundsfjord. History, geology, pegmatites, minerals. Bode Verlag Gmbh, Salzhemmendorf, Germany, 240 p
Larsen, A. O. (ed.) (2010): The Langesundsfjord. History, geology, pegmatites, minerals. Bode Verlag Gmbh, Salzhemmendorf, Germany, 240 p
Andersen, F.,Berge, S.A. & Burvald, I. (1996): Die Mineralien des Langesundsfjords und des umgebenden Larvikit-Gebietes, Oslo-Region, Norwegen. MineralienWelt 7(4):21-100
Larsen, A. O. (ed.) (2010): The Langesundsfjord. History, geology, pegmatites, minerals. Bode Verlag Gmbh, Salzhemmendorf, Germany, 240p
Weibye, P.C. (1848): Beiträge zur topographischen Mineralogie Norwegens. Archiv für Mineralogie, Geognosie, Bergbau und Hüttenkunde 22:465-544 (p.581)
        • Store Arøya (Arøy)
Brøgger, W.C. (1890): Die Mineralien der Syenitpegmatitgänge der südnorwegischen Augit-und Nephelinsyenite. Zeitschrift für Kristallographie und Mineralogie 16. p. 61-64
Svein A. Berge collection/observation 1993.
      • Malerød
Peter Andresen collection, 2015.
      • Tjølling
        • Klåstad
Larsen, K.E. & Stensvold, B.K.(2015): Berylliummineraler og andre sjeldne mineraler i syenittpegmatitter i Skallist larvikittbrudd, Tjølling, Larvik, Vestfold. Norsk Mineralsymposium 2015, 47-56
      • Tvedalen
Svein A. Berge observation 1990
Engvoldsen,T.,Andersen, F.,Berge, S.A. & Burvald, I. (1991): Pegmatittmineraler fra Larvik ringkompleks. STEIN 18(1),15-71
Larsen, A. O. (ed.) (2010): The Langesundsfjord. History, geology, pegmatites, minerals. Bode Verlag Gmbh, Salzhemmendorf, Germany, 240 p
Peter Andresen collection, 2016.
Larsen, A. O. (ed.) (2010): The Langesundsfjord. History, geology, pegmatites, minerals. Bode Verlag Gmbh, Salzhemmendorf, Germany, 240 p
Andersen, F.,Berge, S.A. & Burvald, I. (1996): Die Mineralien des Langesundsfjords und des umgebenden Larvikit-Gebietes, Oslo-Region, Norwegen. MineralienWelt 7(4):21-100
Larsen, A. O. (ed.) (2010): The Langesundsfjord. History, geology, pegmatites, minerals. Bode Verlag Gmbh, Salzhemmendorf, Germany, 240 p
    • Nome
Årtveit, J. T. (2014): Fensfeltet. Fensfeltet Geologiforening, Ulefoss 2014, 192p.
Mitchell, R.H. (1980): Pyroxenes of the Fen alkaline complex, Norway. American Mineralogist. 65: 45-54
    • Porsgrunn
      • Auenlandet
        • Sagåsen
Andersen, F.,Berge, S.A. & Burvald, I. (1996): Die Mineralien des Langesundsfjords und des umgebenden Larvikit-Gebietes, Oslo-Region, Norwegen. MineralienWelt 7(4):21-100
Larsen, A.O., Åsheim, A. and Gault, R. A. (2005): Minerals of the eudialyte group from the Sagåsen larvikite quarry, Porsgrunn, Norway. Norsk Bergverksmuseum Skrifter 30: 58-62; Friis, Henrik & Andersen, Tom. (2019) Pegmatites of the Larvik Plutonic Complex, Oslo Rift, Norway: field relations and characterisation. 99. 10.17850/njg99-1-05.
      • Bassebu
Knut Edvard Larsen collection mai 2016
      • Langesundsfjorden
Brøgger, W. C. (1890): Die Mineralien der Syenitpegmatitgänge der südnorwegischen Augit-und Nephelinsyenite. Zeitschrift für Kristallographie und Mineral. 16, 663 pp
Brøgger, W. C. (1890): Die Mineralien der Syenitpegmatitgänge der südnorwegischen Augit-und Nephelinsyenite. Zeitschrift für Kristallographie und Mineral. 16, 663 pp
Pakistan
 
  • Khyber Pakhtunkhwa Province
    • Khyber District
Jan, M. Q., Kamal, M., & Qureshi, A. Á. (1981). Petrography Of The Loe Shilman Carbonatite Gomplex, Khyber Agengy. Geol. Bull. Univ. Peshawar, 14:29-43
    • Mardan District
Siddiqui, S. F. A., Chaudhry, M. N., & Shakoor, A. B. D. U. L. (1968). Geology and petrology of the feldspathoidal syenites and the associated rocks of the Koga area, Chamla valley, Swat, West Pakistan. Geol. Bull. Punjab Univ., 7, 1-30. Chaudhry, M. N., Ashraf, M., & Hussain, S. S. (1981). Petrology of Koga Nepheline syenites and pegmatites of Swat district. Geol. Bull. Punjab Univ, 16, 83-97. Le Bas, M. J., Mian, I., & Rex, D. C. (1987). Age and nature of carbonatite emplacement in North Pakistan. Geologische Rundschau, 76(2), 317-323.
Paraguay
 
  • Alto Paraguay Department
Comin-Chiaramonti, P., Renzulli, A., Ridolfi, F., Enrich, G. E., Gomes, C. B., De Min, A., ... & Ruberti, E. (2016). Late-stage magmatic to deuteric/metasomatic accessory minerals from the Cerro Boggiani agpaitic complex (Alto Paraguay Alkaline Province). Journal of South American Earth Sciences, 71, 248-261.
  • Amambay Department
Gomes, C. B., Velázquez, V. F., Azzone, R. G., & Paula, G. S. (2011). Alkaline magmatism in the Amambay area, NE Paraguay: the Cerro Sarambí complex. Journal of South American Earth Sciences, 32(1), 75-95.
Poland
 
  • Podlaskie Voivodeship
Kubicki, S., & Ryka, W. (1984). Późnoprekambryjski magmatyzm platformowy i karbonatyty w polskiej części platformy wschodnioeuropejskiej. Przegląd Geologiczny, 32(5), 252-259. Krystkiewicz, E., & Krzemiński, L. (1992). Petrology of the alkaline ultrabasic Tajno complex. Prace Panstwowego Instytutu Geologicznego, 139, 19-35. Specjalne, P. T. M. P. (2005) Fluid Inclusions and Cathodoluminescence of Fluorite from Carbonatites of the Tajno Massif, NE Poland. Demaiffe, D., Wiszniewska, J., Krzemińska, E., Williams, I. S., Stein, H., Brassinnes, S., ... & Deloule, E. (2013). A hidden alkaline and carbonatite province of early carboniferous age in northeast Poland: Zircon U-Pb and pyrrhotite Re-Os geochronology. The Journal of Geology, 121(1), 91-104. PAŃCZYK, M., BAZARNIK, J., ZIELIŃSKI, G., GIRO, L., NAWROCKI, J., & KRZEMIŃSKI, L. (2015) REE bearing minerals in carbonatite veins from the Tajno massif (East European Platform, NE Poland). In XXIInd Meeting of the Petrology Group of the Mineralogical Society of Poland (p. 80). Woolley A.R. (2019) Alkaline Rocks and Carbonatites of the World. Part 4: Antarctica, Asia and Europe, 411. Demaiffe, D., Wiszniewska, J., & Brassinnes, S. (2005). A petrological-geochemical overview of the Tajno carbonatite complex (NE Poland): comparison with the Kola Carbonatite Province (Russia). Mineral. Soc. Poland, Spec Pap, 26, 29-35. Brassinnes, S., Wiszniewska, J., & Demaiffe, D. (2005). A LA-ICP-MS study of carbonates from late-stage carbonatite veins in the Tajno massif (Poland). Mineral. Soc. Poland, Spec Pap, 26, 25-28. Dziedzic, A., & Ryka, W. (1983). Carbonatites in the Tajno intrusion (NE Poland). Archiwum mineralogiczne, 38(2), 4-34. Kubicki, S. (1992). An outline of geological structure of the Tajno massif. Kubicki, S., & Ryka, W. (1987). Carbonatites of the alkaline-ultramafic intrusion of Tajno (Precambrian basement of Poland). In Seminar on carbonatites and alkaline rocks of the Bohemian Massif and ambient regions. 1 (pp. 11-21). MARCINKOWSKI, B. (1992). Ore mineralization of the Tajno massif. Ryka, W. (Ed.). (1992). Geology of the Tajno Massif. Państ. Instytut Geologiczny, 139, 1-90. RYKA, W. (1992). Geology of the Tajno massif carbonatites. Ryka, W., Armbrustmacher, T. J., & Modreski, P. J. (1992). Geochemistry and petrology of the alkaline intrusive rocks of the Tajno massif (preliminary report).
  • Warmian-Masurian Voivodeship
    • Ełk County
Armbrustmacher, T. J., & Modreski, P. J. (1994). Petrology and mineralogy of alkaline rocks from the Ełk complex. Geology of the Ełk syenite massif (northeastern Poland). Pr. Panstwowego Inst. Geol, 144, 49-70. Armbrustmacher, T. J., & Modreski, P. J. (1994). Petrology and mineralogy of alkaline rocks from the Elk massif, northeastern Poland. US Department of the Interior, US Geological Survey, Open-File Report 94-145. Demaiffe, D., Wiszniewska, J., & Brassinnes, S. (2005). A petrological-geochemical overview of the Tajno carbonatite complex (NE Poland): comparison with the Kola Carbonatite Province (Russia). Mineral. Soc. Poland, Spec Pap, 26, 29-35. Demaiffe, D., Wiszniewska, J., Krzemińska, E., Williams, I. S., Stein, H., Brassinnes, S., ... & Deloule, E. (2013). A hidden alkaline and carbonatite province of early Carboniferous age in northeast Poland: Zircon U-Pb and pyrrhotite Re-Os geochronology. The Journal of Geology, 121(1), 91-104. Krystkiewicz, E., & Ryka, W. (1994). Petrography of the Ełk syenite massif. Geology of the Ełk syenite massif (northeastern Poland). Pr. Panstwowego Inst. Geol, 144, 19-48. Ryka, W. (1994). Geology of the Ełk syenite massif, NE Poland. Pr. Państw. Inst. Geol, 144, 1-125. Ryka, W. (1994). Geology and evolution of the Ełk syenite massif. Geology of the Ełk syenite massif (northeastern Poland). Pr. Panstwowego Inst. Geol, 144, 85-120.
Portugal
 
  • Portalegre
    • Campo Maior
Assunção, C.T. & Gonçalves, F. 1971. Contribuição para o conhecimento das rochas hiperalcalinas e alcalinas (gnaisses hastingsíticos) do Alto Alentejo (Portugal). Bolletim da Sociedade Geológica de Portuga, 17, 187-229. Teixeira, C., & de Assunção, C. T. (1958). Sur la géologie et la pétrographie des gneiss à riebeckite et aegyrine et des syénites à néphéline et sodalite de Cevadais, prés d'Ouguela (Campo Maior), Portugal. Cominicações dos Serviços Geológicos de Portugal, 42, 31-56.
Romania
 
  • Caraş-Severin
    • Coronini
Stan, N., & Tiepac, I. (1996). Petrochemical characterization of the syenites in Banat (Romania); REE and trace element contents; petrogenetic and tectogenetic consequences. Rom. J. Petrology, 77, 23-36.
Stan, N., & Tiepac, I. (1996). Petrochemical characterization of the syenites in Banat (Romania); REE and trace element contents; petrogenetic and tectogenetic consequences. Rom. J. Petrology, 77, 23-36.
  • Harghita
vom Rath, G. (1876): The syenite mountains of Ditro. Jahrb. f. Min., 772-773. ; Mauritz, B. (1915): Cancrinite from Ditró. Zeitschrift für Kristallographie und Mineralogie 55, 206-208. ; Hirtopanu Paulina, Andersen C. Jens, Fairhurst J. Robert and Jakab Gyula (2013) Allanite-(Ce) and its associations, from the Ditrau alkaline intrusive massif. Proc. Rom. Acad., Series B, 2013, 15(1), p. 59–74
http://www.geol.vt.edu/research/gsrs/gsrs2005/Abstracts/afall%201115AM%20F.doc
Russia (TL)
 
  • Chelyabinsk Oblast
Handbook of Mineralogy - Anthony, Bideaux, Bladh, Nichols; Pekov, I. (1998) Minerals First discovered on the territory of the former Soviet Union 369p. Ocean Pictures, Moscow
    • Kaslinsky District
Filina, M.I., Sorokina, E.S., Botcharnikov, R., Karampelas, S., Rassomakhin, M.A., Kononkova, N.N., Nikolaev, A.G., Berndt, J., Hofmeister, W. (2019) Corundum Anorthosites-Kyshtymites from the South Urals, Russia: A Combined Mineralogical, Geochemical, and U-Pb Zircon Geochronological Study. Minerals, 9(4), 234.
P.M. Kartashov data
http://webmineral.ru/deposits/item.php?id=841
P.M. Kartashov data
  • Irkutsk Oblast
L. Kogarko (1995) Alkaline Rocks and Carbonatites of the World: Part Two: Former USSR
    • Tounkinsk Mountains
Dana 6: 428.
The Canadian Mineralogist Vol. 44, pp. 929-942 (2006); Rasskazov, S. V., Il’yasova, A. M., Konev, A. A., Yasnygina, T. A., Maslovskaya, M. N., Fefelov, N. N., ... & Saranina, E. V. (2007). Geochemical evolution of the Zadoi Alkaline-Ultramafic Massif, Cis-Sayan area, southern Siberia. Geochemistry International, 45(1), 1-14.
  • Khabarovsk Krai
    • Ayan-Maya district
Lennikov, A. M., Zalishak, B. L., & Oktyabrsky, R. A. (2004). The Konder massif of ultramafic and alkaline rocks and related PGM mineralization. In Interim IAGOD Conf. Excursion Guidebook. Vladivostok: Dalnauka (p. 29).
  • Krasnoyarsk Krai
Doroshkevich, A. G., Chebotarev, D. A., Sharygin, V. V., Prokopyev, I. R., & Nikolenko, A. M. (2019). Petrology of alkaline silicate rocks and carbonatites of the Chuktukon massif, Chadobets upland, Russia: Sources, evolution and relation to the Triassic Siberian LIP. Lithos, 332, 245-260.
    • Maimecha and Kotui Rivers Basin
Gritsenko, Y.D.; Chukanov, N.V.; Aksenov, S.M.; Pekov, I.V.; Varlamov, D.A.; Pautov, L.A.; Vozchikova, S.A.; Ksenofontov, D.A.; Britvin, S.N. (2020) Odikhinchaite, Na9Sr3[(H2O)2Na]Ca6Mn3Zr3NbSi (Si24O72)O(OH)3(CO3)·H2O, a New Eudialyte-Group Mineral from the Odikhincha Intrusion, Taimyr Peninsula, Russia. Minerals 10, 1062.
  • Murmansk Oblast
www.koeln.netsurf.de/~w.steffens/afri.htm
    • Khibiny Massif
      • Eveslogchorr Mt
        • Astrophyllite Stream
Arzamastsev, A., Yakovenchuk, V., Pakhomovsky, Y., & Ivanyuk, G. (2008). The Khibina and Lovozero alkaline massifs: Geology and unique mineralization. In Guidbook for 33rd International Geological Congress Excursion (No. 47, p. 58)
      • Koashva Mt
[World of Stones 95:5-6, p64]; Khomyakov, A. P., Nechelyustov, G. N., Sokolova, E., Bonaccorsi, E., Merlino, S., & Pasero, M. (2002). Megakalsilite, a new polymorph of KAlSiO4 from the Khibina alkaline massif, Kola peninsula, Russia: Mineral description and crystal structure. The Canadian Mineralogist, 40(3), 961-970.
      • Kukisvumchorr Mt
Pekov, I. (1998) Minerals First discovered on the territory of the former Soviet Union 369p. Ocean Pictures, Moscow
        • Marchenko Peak
Arzamastsev, A., Yakovenchuk, V., Pakhomovsky, Y., & Ivanyuk, G. (2008). The Khibina and Lovozero alkaline massifs: Geology and unique mineralization. In Guidbook for 33rd International Geological Congress Excursion (No. 47, p. 58).
http://maurice.strahlen.org/kola/khibiny.htm; Arzamastsev, A., Yakovenchuk, V., Pakhomovsky, Y., & Ivanyuk, G. (2008). The Khibina and Lovozero alkaline massifs: Geology and unique mineralization. In Guidbook for 33rd International Geological Congress Excursion (No. 47, p. 58).
      • Rypnetsk Mountain
Pavel M. Kartashov data
Yakovenchuk, V.N.; Pakhomovsky, Y.A.; Panikorovskii, T.L.; Zolotarev, A.A.; Mikhailova, J.A.; Bocharov, V.N.; Krivovichev, S.V.; Ivanyuk, G.Y. (2019) Chirvinskyite, (Na,Ca)13(Fe,Mn,□)2(Ti,Nb)2(Zr,Ti)3-(Si2O7)4(OH,O,F)12, a New Mineral with a Modular Wallpaper Structure, from the Khibiny Alkaline Massif (Kola Peninsula, Russia). Minerals 2019, 9, 219.
Arzamastsev, A., Yakovenchuk, V., Pakhomovsky, Y., & Ivanyuk, G. (2008). The Khibina and Lovozero alkaline massifs: Geology and unique mineralization. In Guidbook for 33rd International Geological Congress Excursion (No. 47, p. 58).
Arzamastsev, A., Yakovenchuk, V., Pakhomovsky, Y., & Ivanyuk, G. (2008). The Khibina and Lovozero alkaline massifs: Geology and unique mineralization. In Guidbook for 33rd International Geological Congress Excursion (No. 47, p. 58).
Pekov, I. (1998) Minerals First discovered on the territory of the former Soviet Union 369p. Ocean Pictures, Moscow
Veksler, I. V., Nielsen, T. F. D., & Sokolov, S. V. (1998). Mineralogy of crystallized melt inclusions from Gardiner and Kovdor ultramafic alkaline complexes: implications for carbonatite genesis. Journal of Petrology, 39(11-12), 2015-2031; Verhulst, A., Balaganskaya, E., Kirnarsky, Y., & Demaiffe, D. (2000). Petrological and geochemical (trace elements and Sr–Nd isotopes) characteristics of the Paleozoic Kovdor ultramafic, alkaline and carbonatite intrusion (Kola Peninsula, NW Russia). Lithos, 51(1), 1-25.; Mikhailova, J. A., Kalashnikov, A. O., Sokharev, V. A., Pakhomovsky, Y. A., Konopleva, N. G., Yakovenchuk, V. N., ... & Ivanyuk, G. Y. (2016). 3D mineralogical mapping of the Kovdor phoscorite–carbonatite complex (Russia). Mineralium Deposita, 51(1), 131-149.
N.V. Chukanov et al.: Zap. Vses. Mineral. Obshch. 133(1):59-72 (2004)
[World of Stones 95:5-6, p64]
www.koeln.netsurf.de/~w.steffens/lovo.htm
    • Lovozersky District
Pekov, I. (1998) Minerals First discovered on the territory of the former Soviet Union 369p. Ocean Pictures, Moscow
        • Umbozero mine (Umbozerskii mine; Umba Mine)
Pekov, I. (1998) Minerals First discovered on the territory of the former Soviet Union 369p. Ocean Pictures, Moscow; Khomyakov A P, Shumyatskaya N G, Polezhaeva L T (1992) Shomiokite-(Y), Na3Y(CO3)3·3H2O: a new mineral, Zapiski Vserossijskogo Mineralogicheskogo Obshchestva, 121, issue 6 129-132
    • Northern Karelia
Zaitsev, A. N., Sitnikova, M. A., Subbotin, V. V., Fernández-Suárez, J., Jeffries, T. E., & Wall, F. (2004). Sallanlatvi complex—a rare example of magnesite and siderite carbonatites. Phoscorites and carbonatites from mantle to mine: the key example of the Kola Alkaline Province. Mineralogical Society, London, 201-245.
Liferovich, R. P., Mitchell, R. H., Zozulya, D. R., & Shpachenko, A. K. (2006). Paragenesis and composition of banalsite, stronalsite, and their solid solution in nepheline syenite and ultramafic alkaline rocks. The Canadian Mineralogist, 44(4), 929-942.
    • Turii Cape
www.koeln.netsurf.de/~w.steffens/tury.htm; Keith Bell, Elizabeth Ann Dunworth, Andrei G. Bulakh, and Valeriy V. Ivanikov (1996) Alkaline rocks of the Turiy Peninsula, Russia, including type-locality turjaite and turjite; a review. Can Mineral, v. 34, p. 265-280; Liferovich, R. P., Mitchell, R. H., Zozulya, D. R., & Shpachenko, A. K. (2006). Paragenesis and composition of banalsite, stronalsite, and their solid solution in nepheline syenite and ultramafic alkaline rocks. The Canadian Mineralogist, 44(4), 929-942.
  • Republic of Karelia
    • Loukhsky District
Kovalskaya, T. N., Kotelnikov, A. R., & Varlamov, D. A. (2017). Rock-forming Minerals of Tiksheozersky Massif (North Karelia, Russia). In Magmatism of the Earth and related strategic metal deposits (pp. 115-117).
    • Aldan
      • Ryabinovskoe Cu-Au deposit
Kochetkov A.Ya. (2006) Ore contents of alkaline massifs of Aldan shield: Ryabinovskoe copper-gold-porphyritic deposit,- Tikhookeanskaya Geologiya, v.25, N1, pp. 62-73 (in Russian)
    • Eastern Aldan
Shadenkov, Y. M. (1989). Metasomatic assemblages in wall rocks of the Ingili pluton, eastern Aldan. International Geology Review, 31(7), 697-706.
  • Tuva
Andreeva, I. A., Kovalenko, V. I., Nikiforov, A. V., & Kononkova, N. N. (2007). Compositions of magmas, formation conditions, and genesis of carbonate-bearing ijolites and carbonatites of the Belaya Zima alkaline carbonatite complex, eastern Sayan. Petrology, 15(6), 551-574.; Doroshkevich, A. G., Veksler, I. V., Izbrodin, I. A., Ripp, G. S., Khromova, E. A., Posokhov, V. F., ... & Vladykin, N. V. (2016). Stable isotope composition of minerals in the Belaya Zima plutonic complex, Russia: Implications for the sources of the parental magma and metasomatizing fluids. Journal of Asian Earth Sciences, 116, 81-96.
    • Sangilen Upland
http://webmineral.ru/deposits/item.php?id=234
Kapustin, Y. L., & Bykova, A. V. (1965). First find of hiortdahlite in the USSR. Doklady Akad. Nauk SSSR, 161, 121-124.
Rwanda
 
  • Western Province
    • Ngororero
      • Gatumba
Bertossa, A. (1968) Inventaire des minéraux du Rwanda. Bulletin du Service Géologique de Rwanda: 4: 25-45.; Daltry, V.D.C. and von Knorring, O. (1998) Type-mineralogy of Rwanda with particular reference to the Buranga pegmatite. Geologica Belgica: 1: 9-15.
Saudi Arabia
 
  • Tabuk Region
Liddicoat, W. K., Ramsay, C. R., & Hedge, C. E. (1986). Cambrian nepheline syenite complex at Jabal Sawda, Midyan region, Kingdom of Saudi Arabia. Journal of African Earth Sciences (1983), 4, 139-150.
Somaliland
 
  • Awdal
    • Borama District
      • Darkainle complex
Mineralogical Magazine 1964 33 : 1057-1065.
South Africa
 
  • Limpopo
    • Sekhukhune District
USGS Open-File Report 02–156–A ; Harmer, R. E. (1999). The petrogenetic association of carbonatite and alkaline magmatism: constraints from the Spitskop Complex, South Africa. Journal of Petrology, 40(4), 525-548.
  • North West
    • Bojanala Platinum District Municipality
Wooley, A.R. (2001) Alkaline rocks and carbonatites of the world Part 3: Africa. Geological Society of London: 372 pages (269-270).
      • Rustenburg
Cairncross, B. and Dixon, R., (1995) Cairncross, B., Dixon, R. (1995) Cairncross, B., Dixon, R. (1995) Minerals of South Africa. Geological Society of South Africa, PO Box 44283, Linden 2104, South Africa.. The Geological Society of South Africa, pg 194;
    • Ngaka Modiri Molema District Municipality
WOOLLEY, A.R. (2001) Alkaline Rocks and Carbonatites of the World, Part3: Africa. Geological Society, London, 384 p.
Spain
 
  • Galicia
    • A Coruña
Capdevila, R., Lamboy, M., & Leprêtre, J. P. (1974). Découverte de granulites, de charnockites et de syénites néphéliniques dans la partie occidentale de la marge continentale nord-espagnole. CR Acad. Sci., Ser. D, 278, 17-20.
Sweden
 
  • Dalarna County
    • Älvdalen
Bylund, G., & Patchett, P. J. (1977). Palaeomagnetic and Rb Sr isotopic evidence for the age of the Särna alkaline complex, western central Sweden. Lithos, 10(1), 73-79. doi.org/10.1016/0024-4937(77)90032-9 Hjelmqvist, S. (1966). Beskrivning till berggrundskarta över Kopparbergs län. Sveriges Geologiska Undersökning. Avhandlingar och Uppsatser, Stockholm, Serie Ca, 40, 1-217. Magnusson, N. H. (1923). The alkaline rocks of Siksjöberget and Ekorråsen in Särna. Geologiska Föreningen i Stockholm Förhandlingar, 45(3-4), 295-334. doi.org/10.1080/11035892309444563
Magnusson, N.H. ( 1923) The alkaline rocks of Siksjöberget and Ekorråsen in Särna. Geologiska Föreningen i Stockholm Förhandlingar. 45 : 295-334
Magnusson, N.H. ( 1923) The alkaline rocks of Siksjöberget and Ekorråsen in Särna. Geologiska Föreningen i Stockholm Förhandlingar. 45 : 295-334
  • Jämtland County
    • Krokom
Jonsson, E. & Stephens, M.B. 2006. Metamorphosed U-Nb-Ta-REE-bearing alkaline rocks from Swedish Caledonides of Jämtland. Bulletin of the Geological Society of Finland, Special Issue, 1, 63.
No reference listed
  • Östergötland County
    • Ödeshög
  • Uppsala County
    • Uppsala
      • Almunge
Quensel, P. (1912): Undersökningar öfver alkalisyeniten och nefelinsyenit-bergarterna i Almunge socken i Upland. GFF 34 (7), 695-700; Doig, R. (1970). An alkaline rock province linking Europe and North America. Canadian Journal of Earth Sciences, 7(1), 22-28. doi.org/10.1139/e70-002 Gorbatschev, R. (1970). K-Ar age of biotite from the Almunge alkaline intrusion. Geologiska Föreningen i Stockholm Förhandlingar, 92(4), 501-502. doi.org/10.1080/11035897009452981 Gorbatschev, R., (1960): On the alkali rocks of Almunge. A preliminary report on a new survey. Bulletin of the Geological Institute of Uppsala 39 (5), 1-69p. Quensel, P. D. (1914). The alkaline rocks of Almunge. Bulletin of the Geological Institute of Upsala, 12, 129-200.; Doig, R. (1970). An alkaline rock province linking Europe and North America. Canadian Journal of Earth Sciences, 7(1), 22-28. doi.org/10.1139/e70-002 Gorbatschev, R. (1970). K-Ar age of biotite from the Almunge alkaline intrusion. Geologiska Föreningen i Stockholm Förhandlingar, 92(4), 501-502. doi.org/10.1080/11035897009452981 Gorbatschev, R., (1960): On the alkali rocks of Almunge. A preliminary report on a new survey. Bulletin of the Geological Institute of Uppsala 39 (5), 1-69p. Quensel, P. D. (1914). The alkaline rocks of Almunge. Bulletin of the Geological Institute of Upsala, 12, 129-200.
  • Västernorrland County
    • Sundsvall
Sandström, F., Binett, T., Wiklund, C. & Vikström, J. (2010): Alnöområdets geologi och mineralogi. Litiofilen. 27 (2) :14-42; Andersson, M., Malehmir, A., Troll, V. R., Dehghannejad, M., Juhlin, C., & Ask, M. (2013). Carbonatite ring-complexes explained by caldera-style volcanism. Scientific reports, 3(1), 1-9. https://www.nature.com/articles/srep01677.pdf Barber, D. J., & Wenk, H. R. (1984). Microstructures in carbonates from the Alnø and Fen carbonatites. Contributions to Mineralogy and Petrology, 88(3), 233-245. doi.org/10.1007/BF00380168 Brueckner, H. K., & Rex, D. C. (1980). KA and Rb Sr geochronology and Sr isotopic study of the Alnö alkaline complex, northeastern Sweden. Lithos, 13(2), 111-119. doi.org/10.1016/0024-4937(80)90012-2 Von Eckermann, H. (1958). The alkaline and carbonatite dykes of the Alnö formation on the mainland north-west of Alnö Island Kungl. Svensk. Vetenskaps Handl. Fjärde Serien., 7, 1-61. Von Eckermann, H. (1966). Progress of research on the Alnö carbonatite. In Carbonatites. Intersci. Publishers New York. Eckermann, H. V. (1966). The pyroxenes of the Alnö carbonatites (sövite) and the surrounding fenites. Mineral. Soc. India, IMA Vol., 126-139. Eckermann, H. von. 1967. The strontium and barium contents of the Alnö sövites and the alkaline, carbonatitic and ultrabasic rocks. Arkiv för Mineralogi och Geologi, 4, 417-424. Ingrid, H. K. (1998). Rare earth elements in sövitic carbonatites and their mineral phases. Journal of Petrology, 39(11-12), 2105-2121.https://doi.org/10.1093/petroj/39.11-12.2105 Kresten, P. (1977). K, Rb and Cs in carbonatites and associated rocks from central Sweden. Geologiska Föreningen i Stockholm Förhandlingar, 99(4), 377-383.doi.org/10.1080/11035897709455040 Kresten, P. 1979. The Alnö complex: discussion of the main features, bibliography and excursion guide. Paper presented at the Nordic Carbonatite Symposium, Alnö, Sweden. Kresten, P. (1980). The Alnö complex: tectonics of dyke emplacement. Lithos, 13(2), 153-158. doi.org/10.1016/0024-4937(80)90016-X Kresten, P. (1986). Alkaline and carbonatitic Alnø dikes (Map). Sveriges Geologiske Undersøkning, Ser. Ba, (31). Kresten, P., Printzlau, I., Rex, D., Vartiainen, H., & Woolley, A. (1977). New ages of carbonatitic and alkaline ultramafic rocks from Sweden and Finland. Geologiska Föreningen i Stockholm Förhandlingar, 99(1), 62-65. doi.org/10.1080/11035897709454992 Meert, J. G., Walderhaug, H. J., Torsvik, T. H., & Hendriks, B. W. (2007). Age and paleomagnetic signature of the Alnø carbonatite complex (NE Sweden): Additional controversy for the Neoproterozoic paleoposition of Baltica. Precambrian Research, 154(3-4), 159-174. doi.org/10.1016/j.precamres.2006.12.008 Morogan, V. (1989). Mass transfer and REE mobility during fenitization at Alnö, Sweden. Contributions to Mineralogy and Petrology, 103(1), 25-34. doi.org/10.1007/BF00371362 Morogan, V., & Lindblom, S. (1995). Volatiles associated with the alkaline–carbonatite magmatism at Alnö, Sweden: a study of fluid and solid inclusions in minerals from the Laångarsholmen ring complex. Contributions to Mineralogy and Petrology, 122(3), 262-274. doi.org/10.1007/s004100050126 Morogan, V., & Woolley, A. R. (1988). Fenitization at the Alnö carbonatite complex, Sweden; distribution, mineralogy and genesis. Contributions to Mineralogy and Petrology, 100(2), 169-182. doi.org/10.1007/BF00373583 Vuorinen, J. H., & Hålenius, U. (2005). Nb-, Zr-and LREE-rich titanite from the Alnö alkaline complex: crystal chemistry and its importance as a petrogenetic indicator. Lithos, 83(1-2), 128-142. Vuorinen, J. H., & Skelton, A. D. (2004). Origin of silicate minerals in carbonatites from Alnö Island, Sweden: magmatic crystallization or wall rock assimilation?. Terra Nova, 16(4), 210-215. doi.org/10.1111/j.1365-3121.2004.00557.x
Switzerland
 
  • Ticino
    • Locarno
      • Centovalli
Weiβ, S., Fehr, T., Ansermet, S., Meisser, N., Pakhomovsky, Ya.K. (2007): Zirkonführende Nephelin-Pegmatite im Centovalli, Süd-Schweiz: Struktur, Mineralogie und Kristallisationsfolge. Lapis, 32, 6, 24-30.
Tajikistan
 
  • Districts of Republican Subordination
Agakhanov, A.A., Pautov, L.A., Karpenko, V.Y., Sokolova, E., Hawthorne, F.C., (2012) Kirchhoffite, CsBSi2O6, a new mineral species from the Darai-Pioz Alkaline Massif, Tajikistan: Description and crystal structure. The Canadian Mineralogist: 50: 523-529.
Turkey
 
  • Kayseri Province
    • Melikgazi District
Özkan, H.M. & Erkan, Y. unpublished. A Petrological Study of a Foid Syenite Intrusion in Central Anatolia (Kayseri, Turkey).
  • Kırşehir Province
    • Akpınar District
Otlu, N., & Boztuğ, D. (1999). The Coexistence of the Silica Oversaturated (ALKOS) and Undersaturated Alkaline (ALKUS) Rocks in the Kortundag and Baranadag Plutons from the Central Anatolian Alkaline Plutonism, E Kaman/NW Kırşehir, Turkey. Turkish Journal of Earth Sciences, 7(3), 241-258. Ilbeyli, N., Pearce, J. A., Thirlwall, M. F., & Mitchell, J. G. (2004). Petrogenesis of collision-related plutonics in Central Anatolia, Turkey. Lithos, 72(3-4), 163-182.
    • Kaman District
Otlu, N., & Boztuğ, D. (1999). The Coexistence of the Silica Oversaturated (ALKOS) and Undersaturated Alkaline (ALKUS) Rocks in the Kortundag and Baranadag Plutons from the Central Anatolian Alkaline Plutonism, E Kaman/NW Kırşehir, Turkey. Turkish Journal of Earth Sciences, 7(3), 241-258. Ilbeyli, N., Pearce, J. A., Thirlwall, M. F., & Mitchell, J. G. (2004). Petrogenesis of collision-related plutonics in Central Anatolia, Turkey. Lithos, 72(3-4), 163-182.
  • Trabzon Province
Abdioglu, E. (2012). Mineralogy and chemistry of zeolites and associated minerals in Tertiary alkaline volcanics from the Eastern Pontides, NE Turkey. Neues Jahrbuch für Mineralogie-Abhandlungen: Journal of Mineralogy and Geochemistry, 189(1), 35-47. Arslan, M. E. H. M. E. T., Tüysüz, N., Korkmaz, S., & Kurt, H. (1997). Geochemistry and petrogenesis of the eastern Pontide volcanic rocks, Northeast Turkey. Chemie der Erde, 57, 157-188. Aydin, F., Karsli, O., & Chen, B. (2008). Petrogenesis of the Neogene alkaline volcanics with implications for post-collisional lithospheric thinning of the Eastern Pontides, NE Turkey. Lithos, 104(1-4), 249-266. Aydin, F., Thompson, R. M., Karsli, O., Uchida, H., Burt, J. B., & Downs, R. T. (2009). C2/c pyroxene phenocrysts from three potassic series in the Neogene alkaline volcanics, NE Turkey: their crystal chemistry with petrogenetic significance as an indicator of P–T conditions. Contributions to Mineralogy and Petrology, 158(1), 131-147.
Uganda
 
  • Eastern Region
    • Bududa
Sutherland, D.S. (1969): Contributions to Mineralogy and Petrology 24, 114-135.
UK
 
  • England
    • Cornwall
Goley, P. and Williams R. (1995) Cornish Mineral Reference Manual. Endsleigh Publications; Harrison, R. K., Snelling, N. J., Merriman, R. J., Morgan, G. E., & Goode, A. J. J. (1977). The Wolf Rock, Cornwall: new chemical, isotopic age and palaeomagnetic data. Geological Magazine, 114(4), 249-264. doi.org/10.1017/S0016756800045052 doi.org/10.1017/S0016756800045581 doi.org/10.1017/S0016756800067182
Harrison, R. K., Snelling, N. J., Merriman, R. J., Morgan, G. E., & Goode, A. J. J. (1977). The Wolf Rock, Cornwall: new chemical, isotopic age and palaeomagnetic data. Geological Magazine, 114(4), 249-264. doi.org/10.1017/S0016756800045052 Miller, J. A., & Mohr, P. A. (1964). Potassium‐argon measurements on the granites and some associated Rocks from Southwest England. Geological Journal, 4(1), 105-126. doi.org/10.1002/gj.3350040109
  • Scotland
    • Highland
      • North, West and Central Sutherland
        • Assynt
Brown, P. E., Miller, J. A., & Grasty, R. L. (1968). Isotopic ages of late Caledonian granitic intrusions in the British Isles. Proceedings of the Yorkshire Geological Society, 36(3), 251-276. doi.org/10.1144/pygs.36.3.251 Martin, R. F., Whitley, J. E., & Woolley, A. R. (1978). An investigation of rare-earth mobility: fenitized quartzites, Borralan Complex, NW Scotland. Contributions to Mineralogy and Petrology, 66(1), 69-73. doi.org/10.1007/BF00376086 Matthews, D. W., & Woolley, A. R. (1977). Layered ultramafic rocks within the Borralan Complex, Scotland. Scottish Journal of Geology, 13(3), 223-236. doi.org/10.1144/sjg13030223 Miller, J. A., & Brown, P. E. (1965). Potassium–argon age studies in Scotland. Geological Magazine, 102(2), 106-134. doi.org/10.1017/S0016756800057459 Notholt, A. J. G., Highley, D. E., & Harding, R. R. (1985). Investigation of phosphate (apatite) potential of Loch Borralan igneous complex, northwest Highlands, Scotland. Transactions of the Institution of Mining and Metallurgy. Section B. Applied earth science, 94, 58-65. Parsons, I. (1965). The sub-surface shape of part of the Loch Ailsh intrusion, Assynt, as deduced from magnetic anomalies across the contact, with a note on traverses across the Loch Borralan complex. Geological Magazine, 102(1), 46-58. doi.org/10.1017/S0016756800053863 Parsons, I. (1972). Comparative petrology of the leucocratic syenites of the Northwest Highlands of Scotland. Geological Journal, 8(1), 71-82. doi.org/10.1002/gj.3350080107 Searle, M. P., Law, R. D., Dewey, J. F., & Streule, M. J. (2010). Relationships between the Loch Ailsh and Borralan alkaline intrusions and thrusting in the Moine Thrust zone, southern Assynt culmination, NW Scotland. Geological Society, London, Special Publications, 335(1), 383-404. doi.org/10.1144/SP335.18 Shand, S. J. (1910). On borolanite and its associates in Assynt. Transactions of the Edinburgh Geological Society, 9, 202-215 (preliminary communication), 376-419 (second communication). doi.org/10.1144/transed.9.3.202 Shand, S. J. (1939). Loch Borolan laccolith, northwest Scotland. The Journal of Geology, 47(4), 408-420. doi.org/10.1086/624788 Thirlwall, M. F., & Burnard, P. (1990). Pb-Sr-Nd isotope and chemical study of the origin of undersaturated and oversaturated shoshonitic magmas from the Borralan pluton, Assynt, NW Scotland. Journal of the Geological Society, 147(2), 259-269. doi.org/10.1144/gsjgs.147.2.0259 Tilley, C. E. (1958). Some new chemical data on assemblages of the Assynt Alkali Suite. Transactions of the Edinburgh Geological Society, 17(2), 156-164. doi.org/10.1144/transed.17.2.156 Van Breemen, O., Aftalion, M., & Johnson, M. R. W. (1979). Age of the Loch Borrolan complex, Assynt, and late movements along the Moine Thrust Zone. Journal of the Geological Society, 136(4), 489-495. doi.org/10.1144/gsjgs.136.4.0489 Woolley, A. R. (1965). The Loch Borralan alkaline igneous complex (Doctoral dissertation, Royal Holloway, University of London). Woolley, A. R. (1970). The structural relationships of the Loch Borrolan complex, Scotland. Geological Journal, 7(1), 171-182. doi.org/10.1002/gj.3350070110 Woolley, A. R. (1973). The pseudoleucite borolanites and associated rocks of the south-eastern tract of the Borralan complex, Scotland. British Museum (Natural History), Mineralogy, 2, 285-333. Woolley, A. R., Symes, R. F., & Elliott, C. J. (1972). Metasomatized (fenitized) quartzites from the Borralan Complex, Scotland. Mineralogical Magazine, 38(299), 819-836. doi.org/10.1180/minmag.1972.038.299.06 Young, B. N., Parsons, I., & Threadgould, R. (1994). Carbonatite near the Loch Borralan intrusion, Assynt. Journal of the Geological Society, 151(6), 945-954. doi.org/10.1144/gsjgs.151.6.0945
Handbook of Mineralogy - Anthony, Bideaux, Bladh, Nichols
Ukraine
 
  • Donetsk Oblast
    • Azov Sea Region
Magdalena Dumańska-Słowik, Bartosz Budzyń, Wiesław Heflik and Magdalena Sikorska (2012)Stability relationships of REE-bearing phosphates in an alkali-rich system (nepheline syenite from the Mariupol Massif, SE Ukraine). Acta Geologica Polonica, 62:247–265
Dmitry Tonkacheev
Kryvdik S. G. · Sharygin V. V. · Gatsenko V. O. · Lunev E. S. (2016) Foid minerals from malignites of the Pokrovo-Kireevo massif (Azov Sea region, Ukraine)
USA
 
  • Arkansas
J.Michael Howard (2007) Mineral Species of Arkansas : Arkansas Geological Commission Bulletin 23
    • Hot Spring Co.
Rocks and Minerals, (1976) 51:495-507; American Mineralogist, Volume 77, pages 685-703, 1992
American Mineralogist, Volume 7 4, pages 113-131, 1989
Erickson, Ralph Leroy; Blade, Lawrence Vernon (1963) Geochemistry and petrology of the alkalic igneous complex at Magnet Cove, Arkansas. USGS Prof. Paper 425
V.C. Fryklund and D.F. Holbrook (1950) Titanium Ore Deposit of Hot Spring County Arkansas, Bulletin 16 Arkansas Geological Survey
    • Pulaski Co.
      • Little Rock
Rocks and Minerals, (1988) 63:104-125; Rocks and Minerals, (1989) 64:314-322
Henry Barwood - unpublished (2010)
J. Michael Howard (2007) Mineral Species of Arkansas ; Arkansas Geological Commission Bulletin 23
  • California
    • Humboldt Co.
      • Coastal Range
W. S. Wise (2006) research at UCSB; American Mineralogist: (1983) 68: 245-254.
  • Colorado
    • Fremont Co.
      • Iron Mountain complex
Minerals of Colorado (1997) Eckel, E. B.
Minerals of Colorado (1997) Eckel, E. B.
    • Gunnison Co.
      • White Earth Mining District (Powderhorn Mining District)
"Minerals of Colorado, updated & revised", p. 17, by Eckel, Edwin B., 1997; USGS ProfessionaL Paper 197A
  • Maine
    • Kennebec Co.
A.E. Foote; https://www.mindat.org/photo-1065483.html.
West, D. P., Bradley, D., & Coish, R. (2016). The Litchfield pluton in south-central Maine: Carboniferous alkalic magmatism in northern New England, USA. Atlantic Geology, 52, 169-187.
      • Monmouth
King & Foord, 1994. Mineralogy of Maine, Vol.1, p.72
      • West Gardiner
Handbook of Mineralogy - Anthony, Bideaux, Bladh, Nichols
    • York Co.
      • Shapleigh
No reference listed
  • Massachusetts
    • Essex Co.
Emerson, 1917. Geology of Massachusetts and Rhode Island, p.197-198
Gleba, 1978. Massachusetts Mineral & Fossil Localities
Gleba, 1978. Massachusetts Mineral & Fossil Localities
Emerson, B.K. Geology of Massachusetts and Rhode Island, 1917. (USGS Bulletin 597), p.197-198.
Gleba, 1978. Massachusetts Mineral & Fossil Localities
  • Montana
    • Hill Co.
  • New Hampshire
    • Carroll Co.
      • Moultonborough
Woolley, A.R. (1987), Alkaline Rocks and Carbonatites of the World
Wellman, Thomas R. (1971) Feldspathoidal Rocks of the Red Hill Igneous Complex, New Hampshire, Journal of Geology v 79, No. 5 (Sep., 1971), pp. 621-627
  • New Jersey
    • Hunterdon Co.
      • Brookville
Jour. Petrology:10(2):211 (1969).
    • Sussex County
      • Frankford Township
        • Wykertown
Am.Min.: 35: 500-507 (1950), Milton, C. & Davidson, N.: 500
      • Wantage Township
        • Libertyville
Rutgers University Bull. #5, Ptar 1: 53-54.
  • New Mexico
    • Colfax Co.
      • Springer
        • Point of Rocks Mesa (Pecks Mesa)
Handbook of Mineralogy - Anthony, Bideaux, Bladh, Nichols; 4th Annual New Mexico Mineral Symposium (1985) New Mexico Geology 7:18-19
  • Pennsylvania
    • Bucks Co.
      • Langhorne Borough
        • Point Pleasant
Reed, Juliet C. (1976), Annotated Biblio. of Minerals New to the Pennsylvania List 1965-1974, The Mineralogical Society of PA, Inc.: 22-23; Grant, R.W. (Apr, 1971) PA Mins. (PM) (99), Keystone Newsletter; Grant (Feb & Mar 1973) PM (122 & 123), Keystone Ne
  • Vermont
    • Rutland Co.
      • Shrewsbury
Woolley (1987), Alkaline Rocks and Carbonatites of the World.; Eggleston, J. W., 1918, Eruptive rocks at Cuttingsville, Vermont: Am. Jour. Sci., v. 45 (4th series), p. 377-410.
          • Copperas Hill
Rocks & Min. Vol. 71, (1996)
Rocks & Min. Vol. 71, (1996)
  • Washington
    • San Juan Co.
Cannon, B. (1975): Minerals of Washington, p.66
  • Wisconsin
Falster, A. U., W.B. Simmons, K.L. Webberand T. Buchholz, 2000 , "Pegmatites and pegmatite minerals of the Wausau Complex, Marathon County, Wisconsin", Memorie della Societa di Scienze Naturali e del Museo Civico di Storia di Milano, vol. XXX p. 13-28
      • Wausau Intrusive Complex
        • Stettin pluton
R&M 73:11-12 pp 378-399 Wisconsin Mineral Locality Index
Zimbabwe
 
  • Manicaland
    • Buhera District
      • Shawa complex
USGS Open-File Report 02–156–A
 
矿物 and/or 产地  
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