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Cancrinite

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About CancriniteHide

04444350014946350736390.jpg
Yegor Frantsevich Cancrin
Formula:
(Na,Ca,☐)8(Al6Si6O24)(CO3,SO4)2 · 2H2O
Colour:
grey-green, white, yellow, blue, orange, reddish
Lustre:
Vitreous, Greasy, Pearly
Hardness:
5 - 6
Specific Gravity:
2.42 - 2.51
Crystal System:
Hexagonal
Name:
For Count Egor Frantsevich Kankrin (Georg Cancrin) (16 November 1774 – 10 September 1845), Russian Minister of Finance.
Cancrinite Group. Also classed as a feldspathoid.

In the structure there are large channels closed by 12-membered tetrahedra rings. The channels are surrounded by cages set in columns. In the members of "cancrinite subgroup" the cages contain [Na(H2O)]+ clusters.

Visit gemdat.org for gemological information about Cancrinite.


Classification of CancriniteHide

Approved, 'Grandfathered' (first described prior to 1959)
9.FB.05

9 : SILICATES (Germanates)
F : Tektosilicates without zeolitic H2O
B : Tektosilicates with additional anions
76.2.5.3

76 : TECTOSILICATES Al-Si Framework
2 : Al-Si Framework Feldspathoids and related species
17.4.7

17 : Silicates Containing other Anions
4 : Silicates with carbonates

Physical Properties of CancriniteHide

Vitreous, Greasy, Pearly
Transparency:
Transparent, Translucent
Colour:
grey-green, white, yellow, blue, orange, reddish
Streak:
white
Hardness:
5 - 6 on Mohs scale
Tenacity:
Brittle
Cleavage:
Perfect
Perfect on {1010}, poor on {0001}
Fracture:
Irregular/Uneven
Density:
2.42 - 2.51 g/cm3 (Measured)    2.49 g/cm3 (Calculated)

Optical Data of CancriniteHide

Type:
Uniaxial (+/-)
RI values:
nω = 1.507 - 1.528 nε = 1.495 - 1.503
Max Birefringence:
δ = 0.012 - 0.025
Image shows birefringence interference colour range (at 30µm thickness)
and does not take into account mineral colouration.
Surface Relief:
Low

Chemical Properties of CancriniteHide

Formula:
(Na,Ca,☐)8(Al6Si6O24)(CO3,SO4)2 · 2H2O
IMA Formula:
(Na,Ca,◻)8(Al6Si6)O24(CO3,SO4)2 · 2H2O
Common Impurities:
Ti,Fe,Mg,K,Cl,S

Crystallography of CancriniteHide

Crystal System:
Hexagonal
Class (H-M):
6 - Pyramidal
Space Group:
P63
Cell Parameters:
a = 12.67(9) Å, c = 5.15(4) Å
Ratio:
a:c = 1 : 0.406
Unit Cell V:
715.96 ų (Calculated from Unit Cell)
Z:
1
Morphology:
Rarely as prismatic crystals.
Twinning:
Rare lamellar

X-Ray Powder DiffractionHide

Image Loading

Radiation - Copper Kα
Data Set:
Data courtesy of RRUFF project at University of Arizona, used with permission.

Geological EnvironmentHide

Geological Setting:
Primary mineral in alkalic igneous rocks, alteration product of nepheline.

Type Occurrence of CancriniteHide

Other Language Names for CancriniteHide

German:Cancrinit
Simplified Chinese:钙霞石
Spanish:Cancrinita
Traditional Chinese:鈣霞石

Relationship of Cancrinite to other SpeciesHide

Other Members of this group:
Afghanite(Na,K)22Ca10(Si24Al24O96)(SO4)6Cl6Trig. 3m : P3 1c
Alloriite(Na,Ca,K)26Ca4(Al6Si6O24)4(SO4)6Cl6Trig. 3m : P3 1c
Balliranoite(Na,K)6Ca2(Si6Al6O24)Cl2(CO3)Hex. 6 : P63
Biachellaite(Na,Ca,K)8(Al6Si6O24)(SO4)2(OH)0.5 · H2OTrig. 3 : P3
Bystrite(Na,K)7Ca(Al6Si6O24)(S5)ClHex.
CancrisiliteNa7(Al5Si7O24)(CO3) · 3H2OHex.
CarbobystriteNa8(Al6Si6O24)(CO3) · 3.5H2OTrig. 3m : P3 1c
Davyne(Na,K)6Ca2(Al6Si6O24)(Cl2,SO4)2Hex. 6/m : P63/m
DepmeieriteNa8(Al6Si6O24)(PO4,CO3)1-x · 3H2O (x<0.5)Hex. 6 : P63
Fantappièite[Na82.5Ca33K16.5](Si99Al99O396)(SO4)33 · 4H2OTrig. 3 : R3
Franzinite(Na,K)6Ca2(Al6Si6O24)(SO4)2 · 0.5H2OHex.
Giuseppettite(Na,K,Ca)7-8(Al6Si6O24)(SO4,Cl)1-2Hex.
HydroxycancriniteNa8(Al6Si6O24)(OH)2 · 2H2OHex.
KircheriteNa5Ca2K(Al6Si6O24)(SO4)2 · 0.33H2OTrig. 3 2 : R3 2
KyanoxaliteNa7(Al6-xSi6+xO24)(C2O4)0.5+x · 5H2O (0 < x < 0.5)Hex. 6 : P63
Liottite(Na,K)16Ca8(Al6Si6O24)3(SO4)5Cl4Hex.
Marinellite(Na,K)42Ca6(Al6Si6O24)6(SO4)8Cl2 · 3H2OTrig. 3m : P3 1c
MicrosommiteNa4K2Ca2(Al6Si6O24)(SO4)Cl2Hex.
PitiglianoiteNa6K2(Al6Si6O24)(SO4) · 2H2OHex.
Quadridavyne(Na,K)6Ca2(Al6Si6O24)Cl4Hex.
Sacrofanite(Na61K19Ca32)(Si84Al84O336)(SO4)26Cl2F6•2H2OHex.
SulfhydrylbystriteNa5K2Ca[Al6Si6O24](S5)2(SH)Trig. 3m : P3 1c
Tounkite(Na,Ca,K)8(Al6Si6O24)(SO4)2Cl · H2OHex.
Vishnevite(Na,K)8(Al6Si6O24)(SO4,CO3) · 2H2OHex. 6 : P63
Structurally related to group(s):
Sodalite GroupThe Sodalite Group is characterised by sodalite-type stacking of alumosilicate building units that produces ...

Common AssociatesHide

AndraditeCa3Fe3+2(SiO4)3
MonticelliteCaMgSiO4
NatroliteNa2Al2Si3O10 · 2H2O
NephelineNa3K(Al4Si4O16)
OrthoclaseK(AlSi3O8)
SodaliteNa8(Al6Si6O24)Cl2
Associated Minerals Based on Photo Data:
47 photos of Cancrinite associated with SodaliteNa8(Al6Si6O24)Cl2
15 photos of Cancrinite associated with NephelineNa3K(Al4Si4O16)
10 photos of Cancrinite associated with AnniteKFe2+3(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
7 photos of Cancrinite associated with AlbiteNa(AlSi3O8)
6 photos of Cancrinite associated with AegirineNaFe3+Si2O6
5 photos of Cancrinite associated with ZirconZr(SiO4)
4 photos of Cancrinite associated with Hydronephelite
3 photos of Cancrinite associated with BiotiteK(Fe2+/Mg)2(Al/Fe3+/Mg)([Si/Al]Si2O10)(OH/F)2
3 photos of Cancrinite associated with HackmaniteNa8Al6Si6O24(Cl2,S)
2 photos of Cancrinite associated with NatroliteNa2Al2Si3O10 · 2H2O

Related Minerals - Nickel-Strunz GroupingHide

9.FB.05Afghanite(Na,K)22Ca10(Si24Al24O96)(SO4)6Cl6Trig. 3m : P3 1c
9.FB.05Bystrite(Na,K)7Ca(Al6Si6O24)(S5)ClHex.
9.FB.05CancrisiliteNa7(Al5Si7O24)(CO3) · 3H2OHex.
9.FB.05Davyne(Na,K)6Ca2(Al6Si6O24)(Cl2,SO4)2Hex. 6/m : P63/m
9.FB.05Franzinite(Na,K)6Ca2(Al6Si6O24)(SO4)2 · 0.5H2OHex.
9.FB.05Giuseppettite(Na,K,Ca)7-8(Al6Si6O24)(SO4,Cl)1-2Hex.
9.FB.05HydroxycancriniteNa8(Al6Si6O24)(OH)2 · 2H2OHex.
9.FB.05Liottite(Na,K)16Ca8(Al6Si6O24)3(SO4)5Cl4Hex.
9.FB.05MicrosommiteNa4K2Ca2(Al6Si6O24)(SO4)Cl2Hex.
9.FB.05PitiglianoiteNa6K2(Al6Si6O24)(SO4) · 2H2OHex.
9.FB.05Quadridavyne(Na,K)6Ca2(Al6Si6O24)Cl4Hex.
9.FB.05Sacrofanite(Na61K19Ca32)(Si84Al84O336)(SO4)26Cl2F6•2H2OHex.
9.FB.05Tounkite(Na,Ca,K)8(Al6Si6O24)(SO4)2Cl · H2OHex.
9.FB.05Vishnevite(Na,K)8(Al6Si6O24)(SO4,CO3) · 2H2OHex. 6 : P63
9.FB.05Marinellite(Na,K)42Ca6(Al6Si6O24)6(SO4)8Cl2 · 3H2OTrig. 3m : P3 1c
9.FB.05Farneseite(Na,Ca,K)56(Al6Si6O24)7(SO4)12 · 6H2OHex. 6/m : P63/m
9.FB.05Alloriite(Na,Ca,K)26Ca4(Al6Si6O24)4(SO4)6Cl6Trig. 3m : P3 1c
9.FB.05Fantappièite[Na82.5Ca33K16.5](Si99Al99O396)(SO4)33 · 4H2OTrig. 3 : R3
9.FB.05KyanoxaliteNa7(Al6-xSi6+xO24)(C2O4)0.5+x · 5H2O (0 < x < 0.5)Hex. 6 : P63
9.FB.05Balliranoite(Na,K)6Ca2(Si6Al6O24)Cl2(CO3)Hex. 6 : P63
9.FB.05CarbobystriteNa8(Al6Si6O24)(CO3) · 3.5H2OTrig. 3m : P3 1c
9.FB.05DepmeieriteNa8(Al6Si6O24)(PO4,CO3)1-x · 3H2O (x<0.5)Hex. 6 : P63
9.FB.05KircheriteNa5Ca2K(Al6Si6O24)(SO4)2 · 0.33H2OTrig. 3 2 : R3 2
9.FB.10BicchuliteCa2(Al2SiO6)(OH)2Iso. 4 3m : I4 3m
9.FB.10DanaliteBe3Fe2+4(SiO4)3SIso. 4 3m : P4 3n
9.FB.10GenthelviteBe3Zn4(SiO4)3SIso. 4 3m : P4 3n
9.FB.10Haüyne(Na,K)3(Ca,Na)(Al3Si3O12)(SO4,S,Cl)Iso. 4 3m : P4 3n
9.FB.10HelvineBe3Mn2+4(SiO4)3SIso. 4 3m : P4 3n
9.FB.10KamaishiliteCa2(Al2SiO6)(OH)2Tet.
9.FB.10LazuriteNa6Ca2(Al6Si6O24)(SO4,S,S2,S3,Cl,OH)2Iso. 4 3m : P4 3n
9.FB.10NoseanNa8(Al6Si6O24)(SO4) · H2OIso. 4 3m : P4 3n
9.FB.10SodaliteNa8(Al6Si6O24)Cl2Iso. 4 3m : P4 3n
9.FB.10Tsaregorodtsevite(N(CH3)4)(AlSi5O12)Orth.
9.FB.10TugtupiteNa4BeAlSi4O12ClTet. 4 : I4
9.FB.15MarialiteNa4Al3Si9O24ClTet. 4/m : I4/m
9.FB.15MeioniteCa4Al6Si6O24CO3Tet. 4/m : I4/m
9.FB.15Silvialite(Ca,Na)4(Al6Si6O24)(SO4,CO3)Tet. 4/m : I4/m

Related Minerals - Dana Grouping (8th Ed.)Hide

76.2.5.1Afghanite(Na,K)22Ca10(Si24Al24O96)(SO4)6Cl6Trig. 3m : P3 1c
76.2.5.2Bystrite(Na,K)7Ca(Al6Si6O24)(S5)ClHex.
76.2.5.4CancrisiliteNa7(Al5Si7O24)(CO3) · 3H2OHex.
76.2.5.5Davyne(Na,K)6Ca2(Al6Si6O24)(Cl2,SO4)2Hex. 6/m : P63/m
76.2.5.6Franzinite(Na,K)6Ca2(Al6Si6O24)(SO4)2 · 0.5H2OHex.
76.2.5.7Giuseppettite(Na,K,Ca)7-8(Al6Si6O24)(SO4,Cl)1-2Hex.
76.2.5.8HydroxycancriniteNa8(Al6Si6O24)(OH)2 · 2H2OHex.
76.2.5.9Liottite(Na,K)16Ca8(Al6Si6O24)3(SO4)5Cl4Hex.
76.2.5.10MicrosommiteNa4K2Ca2(Al6Si6O24)(SO4)Cl2Hex.
76.2.5.11PitiglianoiteNa6K2(Al6Si6O24)(SO4) · 2H2OHex.
76.2.5.12Quadridavyne(Na,K)6Ca2(Al6Si6O24)Cl4Hex.
76.2.5.13Sacrofanite(Na61K19Ca32)(Si84Al84O336)(SO4)26Cl2F6•2H2OHex.
76.2.5.14Tounkite(Na,Ca,K)8(Al6Si6O24)(SO4)2Cl · H2OHex.
76.2.5.15Vishnevite(Na,K)8(Al6Si6O24)(SO4,CO3) · 2H2OHex. 6 : P63
76.2.5.16Wenkite(Ba,K)4(Ca,Na)6[(Si,Al)20O39(OH)2](SO4)3 · 0.5H2OHex.

Related Minerals - Hey's Chemical Index of Minerals GroupingHide

17.4.1TilleyiteCa5(Si2O7)(CO3)2Mon.
17.4.2SpurriteCa5(SiO4)2(CO3)Mon.
17.4.3ParaspurriteCa5(SiO4)2(CO3)Mon.
17.4.4ScawtiteCa7(Si3O9)2CO3 · 2H2OMon. 2/m
17.4.5FukaliteCa4[Si2O6][CO3](OH)2Mon. 2/m : P21/b
17.4.6MeioniteCa4Al6Si6O24CO3Tet. 4/m : I4/m
17.4.8CarletoniteKNa4Ca4Si8O18(CO3)4(OH,F) · H2OTet. 4/mmm (4/m 2/m 2/m) : P4/mbm
17.4.9Iimoriite-(Y)Y2[SiO4][CO3]Tric.
17.4.10Kainosite-(Y)Ca2(Y,Ce)2(Si4O12)(CO3) · H2OOrth. mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m)
17.4.11Caysichite-(Y)Ca2Y2Si4O10(CO3)3 · 4H2OOrth. mm2
17.4.12Lepersonnite-(Gd)Ca(Gd,Dy)2(UO2)24(SiO4)4(CO3)8(OH)24 · 48H2O
17.4.13AshburtonitePb4Cu4(Si4O12)(HCO3)4(OH)3Cl · H2OTet.
17.4.14Surite(Pb,Ca)3(Al,Fe2+,Mg)2((Si,Al)4O10)(CO3)2(OH)2Mon.
17.4.15Tundrite-(Ce)Na2Ce2Ti(SiO4)(CO3)2O2Tric. 1 : P1
17.4.16Tundrite-(Nd)Na2(Nd,Ce)2Ti(SiO4)(CO3)2O2

Other InformationHide

Health Risks:
No information on health risks for this material has been entered into the database. You should always treat mineral specimens with care.

Cancrinite in petrologyHide

References for CancriniteHide

Reference List:
Sort by Year (asc) | by Year (desc) | by Author (A-Z) | by Author (Z-A)
Dana, E.S. (1892) System of Mineralogy, 6th. Edition, New York: 427-428.
Deer, W.A., R.A. Howie, and J. Zussman (1963) Rock-forming minerals, vol. 4, framework silicates, 310-320.
Foit, F.F., Jr. (1973) Cancrinite with a new superstructure from Bancroft, Ontario. Canadian Mineralogist: 11: 940-951.
Grundy, H.D. and I. Hassan (1982) The crystal structure of a carbonate-rich cancrinite. Canadian Mineralogist: 20: 239-251.
Canadian Mineralogist: 20: 239-251.
Zeitschrift für Kristallographie: 122: 407-422.
Anthony, J.W., Bideaux, R.A., Bladh, K.W., and Nichols, M.C. (1995) Handbook of Mineralogy, Volume II. Silica, Silicates. Mineral Data Publishing, Tucson, AZ, 904pp., 2 sub-volumes: 109.
Gatta, G.D., Lotti, P. (2016): Cancrinite-group minerals: Crystal-chemical description and properties under nonambient conditions — A review. American Mineralogist: 101: 253-265
▪ Martins, T., Kressall, R., Medici, L., Chakhmouradian, A.R. (2017): Cancrinite-vishnevite solid solution from Cinder Lake (Manitoba, Canada): crystal chemistry and implications for alkaline igneous rocks. Mineralogical Magazine, 81, 1261-1277.

Internet Links for CancriniteHide

Localities for CancriniteHide

This map shows a selection of localities that have latitude and longitude coordinates recorded. Click on the symbol to view information about a locality. The symbol next to localities in the list can be used to jump to that position on the map.

Locality ListHide

- This locality has map coordinates listed. - This locality has estimated coordinates. ⓘ - Click for further information on this occurrence. ? - Indicates mineral may be doubtful at this locality. - Good crystals or important locality for species. - World class for species or very significant. (TL) - Type Locality for a valid mineral species. (FRL) - First Recorded Locality for everything else (eg varieties). Struck out - Mineral was erroneously reported from this locality. Faded * - Never found at this locality but inferred to have existed at some point in the past (eg from pseudomorphs.)

All localities listed without proper references should be considered as questionable.
Afghanistan
 
Mineralogical Record (2001) 32:253
Angola
 
  • Huambo Province
    • Londuimbali City Council
Amores-Casals, S.; Gonçalves, A.O.; Melgarejo, J.-C.; Molist, J.M. (2020) Nb and REE Distribution in the Monte Verde Carbonatite–Alkaline–Agpaitic Complex (Angola). Minerals 10, 5.
  • Huíla Province
    • Lubango City Council
Eur. J. Mineral. , 1993, 5, pp. 1001-1024.
Antarctica
AmMin 36:361-367
  • Eastern Antarctica
    • Victoria Land
      • Adare Peninsula
        • Cape Adare
Smith, W. C. (1959). The Volcanic Rocks of Cape Adare, South Victoria Land. order of the Trustees of the British Museum; sold by B. Quaritch [and others].
      • Pipecleaner Glacier Region
Woolley A.R. (2019) Alkaline Rocks and Carbonatites of the World. Part 4: Antarctica, Asia and Europe, p. 15
Armenia
 
  • Syunik Province
Australia
 
  • South Australia
    • Olary Province
      • Mt Victor Plumbago Station
Rutherford, L., Burtt, A., Hand, M., & Foden, J. (2007). Billeroo North alkaline magmatic complex: geology and economic significance. MESA Journal 45:33-39
  • Tasmania
    • Huon Valley municipality
      • Huon-Channel region
Bottrill, RS, 1997. The Minerals of the Cygnet District. The Mineralogical Society of Tasmania Newsletter, 25, p.12; Taheri, J., and Bottrill, R. S., 1998, Porphyry and Sedimentary-hosted Gold Deposits near Cygnet: New Styles of Gold Mineralisation in Tasmania: Unpub Rept, Mineral Resources Tasmania. 1999/01
Bolivia
 
  • Cochabamba
    • Ayopaya Province
Woolley, A.R. (1987) Alkaline rocks and carbonatites of the world. p 167.
Alfredo Petrov collection; Laszlo Horvath collection; Schultz, F., et al. (2004) Contrib. Mineral. Petrol., 148, 391-408
      • Morochata
Alfredo Petrov collection; Federico Ahlfeld field notes
Brazil
 
  • Bahia
    • Itaju do Colônia
Maria de Lourdes da Silva Rosa, Herbet Conceição, Moacir José Buenano Macambira, Marco Antonio Galarza, Mônica Pringsheim Cunha, Rita Cunha Leal Menezes, Moacyr Moura Marinho, Basílio Elesbão da Cruz Filho, Débora Correia Rios (2007) Neoproterozoic anorogenic magmatism in the Southern Bahia Alkaline Province of NE Brazil: U–Pb and Pb–Pb ages of the blue sodalite syenites, Lithos, vol. 97, 88-97.
    • Itarantim
Conceicao, Herbet, Rosa, Maria de Lourdes da Silva, Moura, Candido A. V., Macambira, Moacir Jose Buenano, Galaraza, Marco Antonio, Correia Rios, Debora, Marinho, Moacyr Moura, Menezes, Rita Cunha Leal, Cunha, Monica Prisgsheim, 2009, Petrology of the Neoproterozoic Itarantim Nepheline Syenite Batholith, Sao Francisco Craton, Bahia, Brazil, Canadian Mineralogist, v 47, p. 1527-1550.
Conceicao, Herbet, Rosa, Maria de Lourdes da Silva, Moura, Candido A. V., Macambira, Moacir Jose Buenano, Galaraza, Marco Antonio, Correia Rios, Debora, Marinho, Moacyr Moura, Menezes, Rita Cunha Leal, Cunha, Monica Prisgsheim, 2009, Petrology of the Neoproterozoic Itarantim Nepheline Syenite Batholith, Sao Francisco Craton, Bahia, Brazil, Canadian Mineralogist, v 47, p. 1527-1550.
  • Goiás
    • Arenópolis
Orris, G.J., and Grauch, R.I. (2002): USGS Open-File Report 02-189.
  • Minas Gerais
Ulbrich, H. H. G. J., Demaiffe, D., Vlach, S. R., & Ulbrich, N. M. C. (2003). Geochemical and Sr, Nd and Pb isotope signatures of phonolites and nepheline syenites from the Poços de Caldas alkaline massif, southeastern Brazil. In South American Symposium of Isotope Geology (Vol. 4, pp. 698-701).
      • Poços de Caldas
Machado (1888)
Nomura, S.F., Atencio, D., Chukanov, N.V., Rastsvetaeva, R.K., Cutinho, J.M.V. and Karipidis, T.K. (2010): Manganoeudialyte, a new mineral from Poços de Caldas, Minas Gerais, Brazil. Zapiski Vserossiiskogo Mineralogicheskogo Obshchestva, 139 (4), 35-47..
    • Serra do Salitre
Orris, G.J., and Grauch, R.I. (2002): USGS Open-File Report 02-189.; Berger, V.I., Singer, D.A., and Orris, G.J., 2009, Carbonatites of the world, explored deposits of Nb and REE; database and grade and tonnage models: U.S. Geological Survey Open-File Report 2009-1139, 17 p. and database.
  • Pará
    • Oriximiná
      • Acaraí range
Orris, G.J., and Grauch, R.I. (2002): USGS Open-File Report 02-189.
  • São Paulo
http://www.igc.usp.br/geologiausp/iga/art.php?artigo=7
Cameroon
 
  • South Region
    • Kribi
Cesbron et al. (1988)
Canada
 
  • British Columbia
    • Golden Mining Division
Grice, J.D. and Gault, R.A. (1981) Edingtonite and Natrolite from Ice River, British Columbia. Mineralogical Record: 12: 221-226.; Pell, J. (1994) Carbonatites, Nepheline Syenites, Kimberlites and Related Rocks in British Columbia. British Columbia Ministry of Energy Bulletin 88.
Jones, W. C. (1955) Geology of the Garnet Mountain-Aguilla Ridge Area, Ice River, British Columbia. MSc thesis, University of British Columbia.
Mumford, Thomas (2007) Dykes of the Moose Creek Valley, Ice River Alkaline Complex, southeastern BC. M.Sc. thesis, University of New Brunswick.
BC Minfile
        • Zinc Mountain
Aris Reports 03433
    • Liard Mining Division
Pell, J.Gr (1994) Carbonatites, Nepheline Syenites, Kimberlites and Related Rocks in British Columbia. Brithish Columbia Ministry of Energy Bulletin 88.
Jennifer Pell (1994) Carbonatites, Nepheline Syenites, Kimberlites and Related Rocks in British Columbia. British Columbia Ministry of Energy Bulletin 88.
    • Omenica Mining Division
Jennifer Pell (1994) Carbonatites, Nepheline Syenites, Kimberlites and Related Rocks in British Columbia. Brithish Columbia Ministry of Energy Bulletin 88.
  • Northwest Territories
    • Blachford Lake alkaline complex
      • Thor Lake syenite complex
MÖLLER, V. (2016) The Nature and origin of the Nechalacho Rare Metal Deposit (REE, Nb, Zr), Northwest Territories, Canada. Unpublished Ph.D. thesis, McGill University, Montreal. 409 p.
  • Ontario
    • Algoma District
      • Finan Township
SAGE, R.P. (1993) Geology of the Herman Lake alkalic rock complex, District of Algoma. Ontario Geological Survey open File Report 5421, 80p.
      • McMurray Township
Sage (1988) Ont. Geol. Survey Study 47.
Grice, Joel D. (1989) Bancroft: the Mineral Capital of Canada. In: Famous mineral localities of Canada. Published by Fitzhenry & Whiteside Limited & the National Museum of Natural Sciences, 190 pages, 92-99; 162-165.
    • Haliburton County
      • Glamorgan Township
Armstrong H.S. and Gittins J. (1968) Geology of Glamorgan and Monmouth Townships , Ontario Department of Mines, Open File Report 5021, p.44-46.
Ref.: Geological Survey of Canada Miscellaneous Report 39
Ann P. Sabina (1965) Rock and Mineral Collecting in Canada, V.II, Ontario and Quebec, Geological Survey of Canada
    • Hastings County
      • Dungannon Township
[Bancroft & District Mineral Collecting Guidebook]; Joyce, D. K. (2006) Calcite Vein-Dikes of the Grenville Geological Province, Ontario, Canada. Rocks and Minerals 81:34-42
[Bancroft & District Mineral Collecting Guidebook]; Mineralogical Record (1990) 21:235-248; Joyce, D. K. (2006) Calcite Vein-Dikes of the Grenville Geological Province, Ontario, Canada. Rocks and Minerals 81:34-42
[Bancroft & District Mineral Collecting Guidebook]
http://www.geologyontario.mndm.gov.on.ca/mndmfiles/mdi/data/records/MDI31F04SW00071.html
[Bancroft & District Mineral Collecting Guidebook]
Joyce, D. K. (2006) Calcite Vein-Dikes of the Grenville Geological Province, Ontario, Canada. Rocks and Minerals 81:34-42
        • York River area
[Bancroft & District Mineral Collecting Guidebook]
[Bancroft & District Mineral Collecting Guidebook]
[Bancroft & District Mineral Collecting Guidebook]
      • Faraday Township
Masson, S. L., & Gordon, J. B. (1981). Radioactive mineral deposits of the Pembroke-Renfrew area. Ministry of Natural Resources.Survey, Mineral Deposits Circular 23, 155
    • Kenora District
      • Squash Lake Area
Sage (1988) OGS Study 49
      • Squaw Lake Area
Sage (1988) OGS study 49.
    • Nipissing District
      • North Bay area
FERGUSON, J. & CURRIE, K.L. (1972) The geology and petrology of the alkaline carbonatite complex at Callander Bay, Ontario. Geological Survey of Canada bulletin 217, 107 p.
    • Peterborough County
      • Methuen Township
http://rruff.info/doclib/am/vol34/AM34_452.pdf; Ann P.Sabina (1987), Rocks and Minerals for the Collector, Hull-Maniwaki, Quebec; Ottawa-Peterborough, Ontario. GSC Misc. Report 41; McLEMORE, V. T. (2006). Nepheline Syenite. Industrial Mineral and Rocks, 7th Edition, Kogel, JE, Trivedi, NC, Barker, JM and Krukowsk, ST (Seniors Editors), Society of Mining, Metallurgy, and Exploration, Inc. Littleton, Colorado, 653-670.
Dr. Kameki Kinoshita collection (curated at Geological Survey of Japan); Paper 69-50, Geological Survey of Canada, (1970)
    • Renfrew County
      • Brudenell Township
Geological Survey of Canada Paper 70-50
    • Sudbury District
      • Bigwood Township
RWMW collection and Dave Joyce personal communication; Dolan, M.L., Hains, D.H. and Ash, D.R. (1991) High Alumina Rocks in Ontario; Ontario Ministry of Northern Development and Mines, Industrial Minerals Background Paper 10, 130p
      • Lackner Township
R. P. Sage (1988) Geology of Carbonatite - Alkalic Rock Complexes in Ontario: Lackner Lake Alkalic Rock Complex District of Sudbury. Mines and Minerals Division Ontario Geological Survey Study 32
R. P. Sage (1988) Geology of Carbonatite - Alkalic Rock Complexes in Ontario: Lackner Lake Alkalic Rock Complex District of Sudbury. Mines and Minerals Division Ontario Geological Survey Study 32
Berger, V.I., Singer, D.A., and Orris, G.J. (2009): USGS Open-File Report 09-1139
    • Thunder Bay District
Mitchell (1991)
      • Killala Lake Area
Geological Association of Canada (2014) Abstracts Fredericton Vol 37
  • Québec
    • Laurentides
      • Deux-Montagnes RCM
        • Oka
Gold (1969)
GOLD, D.P. (1972): The Monteregian Hills: ultra-alkaline rocks and the Oka carbonatite complex. 24th International Geological Congress (Montreal), Guidebook B-11.
    • Montérégie
      • Brome-Missisquoi RCM
DRESSER, J.A. (1902) Report on the geology and petrography of Shefford Mountain. Geological Survey of Canada, Annual Report 13, L: 1-35.
      • La Vallée-du-Richelieu RCM
        • Mont Saint-Hilaire
GRICE, J.D. (1989) Mont Saint-Hilaire, Quebec: Canada's Most Diverse Mineral Locality. In: Famous mineral localities of Canada. Published by Fitzhenry & Whiteside Limited & the National Museum of Natural Sciences, 190 pages: 100-108; 166-175.; HORVÁTH, L., GAULT, R.A. (1990) The mineralogy of Mont Saint-Hilaire. Mineralogical Record, 21, 281-359.
    • Montréal
      • Mont Royal
Finley (1930)
    • Nord-du-Québec
      • Baie-James
Traill, R. J., 1970, A Catalogue of Canadian Minerals, Paper 69-45
Nadeau, O., Stevenson, R. and Jébrak, M. (2014) The geology, petrology and geochemistry of the Montviel alkaline-carbonatite hosted lanthanide-Nb ore deposit, Abitibi, Canada. Abstract with Program, GAC/MAC Annual meeting 2014. 1p.
    • Saguenay-Lac-Saint-Jean
      • Le Fjord-du-Saguenay RCM
        • Saint-Honoré
Currie (1976) GSC Bulletin 239, 109-110
FOURNIER, A. (1993) Magmat!c and hydrothermal controls of LREE mineralization of the St.-Honoré carbonatite, Québec. M.Sc. thesis, McGill University, Montreal, Canada. 95p.
  • Yukon
    • Dawson mining district
Olade, M.A., Goodfellow, W.D. (1979). Lithogeochemistry and hydrogeochemistry of uranium and associated elements in the Tombstone Batholith, Yukon, Canada. In Geochemical Exploration 1978, Proceedings of the Seventh International Geochemical Exploration Symposium, J.R. Watterson, P.K. Theobald (ed.), Association of Exploration Geochemists, p. 407-428.
    • Watson Lake mining district
Geol, Survey of Canada database
China
 
  • Hubei
    • Shiyan
      • Shennongjia Forest District
Shi Li (1991): Geochimica 20(3), 245-254
  • Liaoning
    • Dalian
      • Wafangdian City
Lu, L. N., Li, J., Yang, M., & Zheng, C. J. (2016). Mineralogy Analysis of Granites in Diaoyutai Area of Western Liaoning Province. DEStech Transactions on Engineering and Technology Research, (mcee).
    • Dandong
      • Kuandian County
MOU, B., & YAN, G. (1992). Geological features of Triassic alkaline and subalkaline igneous complexes in the Yan-Liao area. ACTA GEOLOGICA SINICA-ENGLISH EDITION, 5(4), 339-355. Saima Deposit Research Group. (1978). Uranium deposit in the Saima alkaline massif, Northeast China. Sci. Sinica, 21, 365-389. Wu, F. Y., Yang, Y. H., Marks, M. A., Liu, Z. C., Zhou, Q., Ge, W. C., ... & Markl, G. (2010). In situ U–Pb, Sr, Nd and Hf isotopic analysis of eudialyte by LA-(MC)-ICP-MS. Chemical Geology, 273(1-2), 8-34. Wu, B., Wang, R. C., Yang, J. H., Wu, F. Y., Zhang, W. L., Gu, X. P., & Zhang, A. C. (2015). Wadeite (K2ZrSi3O9), an alkali-zirconosilicate from the Saima agpaitic rocks in northeastern China: Its origin and response to multi-stage activities of alkaline fluids. Lithos, 224, 126-142.
Saima Deposit Research Group, Beijing Institute of Uranium Geology (1978): Scientia Sinica 11(3), 365-389
  • Xinjiang
    • Akesu Prefecture (Aksu Prefecture; Aqsu Prefecture)
      • Baicheng Co. (Bay Co.)
Yanling Tang (2005): Non-metallic deposits of Xinjiang, China [Zhongguo Xinjiang Fei Jinshu Kuangchuang]. Geological Publishing House (Beijing), 289 pp.
Yanling Tang (2005): Non-metallic deposits of Xinjiang, China [Zhongguo Xinjiang Fei Jinshu Kuangchuang]. Geological Publishing House (Beijing), 289 pp.
  • Yunnan
    • Honghe
      • Gejiu City
Baiyou Chen, Yuru Yu, and Hongfei Jiang (2002): Mineral Deposits 21(suppl.), 901-905
Colombia
 
  • Vaupés Department
Arango Mejía, M. I., Zapata García, G., & Martens, U. (2012). PETROGRAPHIC CHARACTERIZATION, GEOCHEMISTRY AND AGE OF THE SAN JOSÉ DEL GUAVIARE NEPHELINE SYENITE. Boletin de Geología, 34(1), 15-26.
Czech Republic
 
  • Central Bohemian Region
    • Rakovník District
      • Čistá
Bernard J. H. et al. (1981): Mineralogie Československa. Academia, Praha. (pages 90-91)
Denmark
 
  • Greenland
    • Kujalleq
      • Igaliku Complex
Coulson, I. M. (2003). Evolution of the North Qôroq centre nepheline syenites, South Greenland: alkali-mafic silicates and the role of metasomatism. Mineralogical Magazine, 67(5), 873-892.
      • Narsaq
Petersen, O.V. (2001): List of all minerals identified in the Ilímaussaq alkaline complex, South Greenland. Geology of Greenland Survey Bulletin. 190, 25-33
    • Sermersooq
Bedford, C.M., 1989. The mineralogy, geochemistry and petrogenesis of the Gronnedal-Ika complex, southwest Greenland. Unpublished PhD thesis, University of Durham
      • Kangerlussuaq Fjord
MinRec 16:485-494
http://www.koeln.netsurf.de/~w.steffens/green.htm
Christiansen, C. C., Gault, R. A., Grice, J. D., Johnsen, O. (2003): Kochite, a new member of the rosenbuschite group from the Werner Bjerge alkaline complex, East Greenland. European Journal of Mineralogy. 15, 551-554
DR Congo
 
  • North Kivu
    • Rutshuru Territiory
      • Bwito
Berger, V.I., Singer, D.A., and Orris, G.J. (2009): USGS Open-File Report 09-1139; Wall, F., Williams, C. T., Woolley, A. R., & Nasraoui, M. (1996). Pyrochlore from weathered carbonatite at Lueshe, Zaire. Mineralogical Magazine, 60(402), 731-750.; Maravic, H. V., Morteani, G., & Roethe, G. (1989). The cancrinite-syenite/carbonatite complex of Lueshe, Kivu/NE-Zaire: petrographic and geochemical studies and its economic significance. Journal of African Earth Sciences (and the Middle East), 9(2), 341-355.
Egypt
 
  • Red Sea
    • Eastern Desert
Wooley, A.R. (2001): Alkaline rocks and carbonatites of the world, Part 3: Africa. Geological Society, London. 210-211. ; Abouzeid, A. Z. M., & Negm, A. T. A. (2014). Characterization and Beneficiation of an Egyptian Nepheline Syenite Ore. International Journal of Mineralogy, 2014.
Finland
 
  • Lapland
    • Ranua
Mutanen, T. 2011. Alkalikiviä ja appiniitteja. Raportti hankkeen " Magmatismi ja malminmuodostus II" toiminnasta 2002-2005.; Mutanen, T. 2011. Alkalikiviä ja appiniitteja. Raportti hankkeen " Magmatismi ja malminmuodostus II" toiminnasta 2002-2005.
  • North Ostrobothnia
    • Kuusamo
Sahama, T. G. (1958). A complex form of natural nepheline from Iivaara, Finland. American Mineralogist, 43(1-2), 165-166.
Germany
 
  • Rhineland-Palatinate
    • Ahrweiler
      • Brohltal
        • Glees
Brauns, R. ; Uhlig, J., Cancrinit- und Nephelin-führende Auswürflinge aus dem Laacher See Gebiet, N.Jb. Mineral.Geol.Paläonolog., Beil. Band 56, Abt. A, 468-498, 1913
Blass, G., Graf , HW., Neue Mineralienfunde aus der Vulkaneifel, MW 1/2001
    • Mayen-Koblenz
      • Bell
Blass, G., Graf , HW., Neufunde von bekannten Fundorten (19. Folge), MW 5/1997
      • Kruft
Brauns, R. ; Uhlig, J., Cancrinit- und Nephelin-führende Auswürflinge aus dem Laacher See Gebiet, N.Jb. Mineral.Geol.Paläonolog., Beil. Band 56, Abt. A, 468-498, 1913
      • Mayen
        • Ettringen
          • Bellerberg volcano
http://www.mineral-expert.de/downloads/tauschliste2011_12_04.pdf (T1613).; http://www.rbmineral.de/braithtausch-aktuell.pdf (Quadridavyn entry).
      • Mendig
Brauns, R. ; Uhlig, J., Cancrinit- und Nephelin-führende Auswürflinge aus dem Laacher See Gebiet, N.Jb. Mineral.Geol.Paläonolog., Beil. Band 56, Abt. A, 468-498, 1913
Brauns, R. ; Uhlig, J., Cancrinit- und Nephelin-führende Auswürflinge aus dem Laacher See Gebiet, N.Jb. Mineral.Geol.Paläonolog., Beil. Band 56, Abt. A, 468-498, 1913)
        • Wingertsberg
Brauns, R. ; Uhlig, J., Cancrinit- und Nephelin-führende Auswürflinge aus dem Laacher See Gebiet, N.Jb. Mineral.Geol.Paläonolog., Beil. Band 56, Abt. A, 468-498, 1913
  • Schleswig-Holstein
    • Kiel
A. Wittern: "Mineralfundorte in Deutschland", Schweizerbart (Stuttgart), 2001
Guinea
 
India
 
  • Andhra Pradesh
    • East Godavari
Rao, Y. J., & Murthy, I. S. N. (1973). On the occurrence of carbonatites in the Vinayakapuram-Kunavaram Nepheline syenite band, Khammam district, Andhra Pradesh. Geological Society of India, 14(4), 431-433.; Bose, M. K., Chakravarti, S., & Sarkar, A. (1971). Petrological observations on alkali syenites of Kunavaram, AP, India. Geological Magazine, 108(4), 273-280. Rao, Y. J., & Murthy, I. S. N. (1973). On the occurrence of carbonatites in the Vinayakapuram-Kunavaram Nepheline syenite band, Khammam district, Andhra Pradesh. Geological Society of India, 14(4), 431-433. Jayaram, M. S., Devendranath, T., & Sarma, S. R. (1972). The nepheline syenite belt of Khammam District, Andhra Pradesh. Geological Society of India, 13(4), 418-420. Subbarao, K. V. (1971). The Kunavaram Series—A Group of Alkaline Rocks, Khammam Distric, Andhra Pradesh, India. Journal of Petrology, 12(3), 621-641.
    • Prakasam District
Madhavan, V., & Leelanandam, C. (1988). Petrology of the Elchuru alkaline pluton, Prakasam District, Andhra Pradesh, India. Journal of the Geological Society of India, 31(6), 535-537. Czygan, W., & Goldenberg, G. (1989). Petrography and geochemistry of the alkaline complexes of Sivamalai, Elchuru and Uppalapadu. India. Mem. Geol. Soc. India, 15, 225-240. Madhavan, V., Mallikharjuna Rao, J., SUBRAHMANYAM K, K. S., & LEELANANDAM, C. (1989). Bedrock geology of the Elchuru alkaline pluton, Prakasam district, Andhra Pradesh. Geol. Soc. India Memoir, 15, 189-205. Madhavan, V., MALLIKHARJUNA, R., Balaram, V., & Kumar, R. (1992). Geochemistry and petrogenesis of lamprophyres and associated dykes from Elchuru, Andhra Pradesh, India. Journal of the Geological Society of India, 40(2), 135-149. Nag, S., Chakravorty, P. S., Smith, T. E., & Huang, C. H. (1984). The petrology and geochemistry of intrusive alkaline rocks of Elchuru, Prakasam District, Andhra Pradesh, India. Geological Journal, 19(1), 57-76. Subba Rao, T. V., Bhaskar Rao, Y. J., Sivaraman, T. V., & Gopalan, K. (1989). Rb-Sr age and petrology of the Elchuru Alkaline Complex: implications to alkaline magmatism in the Eastern Ghat Mobile Belt. Mem. Geol. Soc. India, 15, 207-223. Upadhyay, D., Raith, M. M., Mezger, K., & Hammerschmidt, K. (2006). Mesoproterozoic rift-related alkaline magmatism at Elchuru, Prakasam alkaline province, SE India. Lithos, 89(3-4), 447-477.
Narasinga Rao, K., & Leelanandam, C. (1974). Occurrence of nepheline syenites near Kotappa Konda, Guntur District, Andhra Pradesh. Jour, Indian Acad. Geosci, 17, 53-56.
Reddy, Y. J., & Leelanandam, C. (1986). OCCURRENCE OF NEPHELINE SYENITES WITHIN THE PASUPUGALLU GABBRO′ ANORTHOSITE PLUTON, PRAKASAM DISTRICT, ANDHRA PRADESH. Current Science, 55(23), 1190-1191.
Madhavan, V., & Sugrive Reddy, A. G. (1990). The Podili Syenites―A suite of alkaline and subalkaline rocks from Andhra Pradesh. Journal of the Geological Society of India, 35(4), 341-356. Murty, M. S. (1977). Sodalite-Cancrinite-Fluorite Syenite from the Granitic Terrain of Podili, Prakasam District, Andhra Pradesh. Geological Society of India, 18(6), 297-298.
Leelanandam, C. (1989). The Prakasam alkaline province in Andhra Pradesh, India. Jour. Geol. Soc. India, 34, 25-45. Leelanandam, C., & Ratnakar, J. (1980). Ocellar lamprophyres from the Purimetla alkaline pluton, Prakasam district, Andhra Pradesh. QJ Geol. Ming. Metall. Soc. India, 52(2), 77-79. Leelanandam, C., & Ratnakar, J. (1983). The Purimetla alkaline pluton. Prakasam District, Andhra Pradesh. Quart. Jour. Geol. Min. Met. Soc. India (presently Indian Jour. Geol.), 55, 14-30. Madhavan, V., & Leelanandam, C. (1981). The aenigmatite-bearing alkaline rocks from the Prakasam and Nellore districts of Andhra Pradesh. Current Science, 50(7), 320-321. Ratnakar, J., & Leelanandam, C. (1986). A PETROCHEMICAL STUDY OF THE PURIMETLA ALKALINE PLUTON, PRAKASAM DISTRICT, ANDHRA-PRADESH, INDIA. NEUES JAHRBUCH FUR MINERALOGIE-ABHANDLUNGEN, 156(1), 99-119.
Reddy, K. K., Ratnakar, J., & Leelanandam, C. (1998). A petrochemical study of the Proterozoic alkaline complex of Uppalapadu, Prakasam Province, Andhra Pradesh, India. Journal of the Geological Society of India, 52(1), 41-52. Czygan, W., & Goldenberg, G. (1989). Petrography and geochemistry of the alkaline complexes of Sivamalai, Elchuru and Uppalapadu. India. Mem. Geol. Soc. India, 15, 225-240. Kumar, K. V., Frost, C. D., Frost, B. R., & Chamberlain, K. R. (2007). The Chimakurti, Errakonda, and Uppalapadu plutons, Eastern Ghats Belt, India: an unusual association of tholeiitic and alkaline magmatism. Lithos, 97(1-2), 30-57.
  • Assam
    • East Karbi Anglong District
S. Nag, S. K. Sengupta, R. K. Gaur and A. Absar (1999) Alkaline rocks of Samchampi-Samteran, District Karbi Anglong, Assam, India. Proceedings of the Indian Academy of Sciences, Earth and Planetary Sciences, 108, 33-48.
  • Bihar
    • Muzaffarpur District
Sahu, K. N. (1976). Petrological observations on nepheline syenites of Baradangua, Dhenkanal, Orissa. Geological Society of India, 17(4), 484-489.
  • Gujarat
    • Chhota Udaipur District
Viladkar, S. G. (2015). Mineralogy and geochemistry of fenitized nephelinites of the Amba Dongar complex, Gujarat. Journal of the Geological Society of India, 85(1), 87-97.
Srivastava, R. K. (1997). Petrology, geochemistry and genesis of rift-related carbonatites of Ambadungar, India. Mineralogy and Petrology, 61(1-4), 47-66.
      • Chhota Udaipur
R. N. Sukheswala and S. F. Sethna (1967) Giant pseudoleucites of Ghori, Chhota Udaipur, India. American Mineralogist 52:1904-1910.
AVASIA, R. (1968). INTERPENETRANT AND GROOVED TRAPEZOHEDRA OF PSEUDOLEUCITE, GHORI, CHHOTA UDAIPUR, GUJARAT. The Indian Mineralogist: Journal of the Mineralogical Society of India, 9, 76-78. Czygan, W. 1985. Petrography and geochemistry of foid syenites and related rocks of the Deccan Trap area, India. Indian Mineralogist (Sukheswala Volume), 20-43. Gwalani, L. G., Fernandez, S., Karanth, R. V., Demeny, A., Chang, W. J., & Avasia, R. K. (1994). Alkaline and tholeiitic dyke swarm associated with Amba Dongar and Phenai Mata complexes, Chhota Udaipur alkaline sub-province, Western India. MEMOIRS-GEOLOGICAL SOCIETY OF INDIA, 391-424. Sukheswala, R. N., & Sethna, S. F. (1973). Oversaturated and undersaturated differentiates in the tholeiitic igneous complex of Phenai Mata, Baroda District, Gujarat State, India. Neues Jahrbuch für Mineralogie, Abhandlungen, 118, 159-176.
Goldschmidt Conference Abstracts (2011) Mineralogical Magazine p1960
    • Kutch District
      • Bhuj Taluka
Karkare, S.G., Kumar, S. & Srivastava, R.K. 1991. Evolution of the island chain of Kutch and role of rift magmatism and autonomous activization. Journal of Scientific Research, Banares Hindu University, 41B, 163-175.
  • Karnataka
    • Ramanagara District
Devaraju, T.C., Laajoki, K., Makkonen, H., Khandali, S.D., Ugarkar, A.G. & Jamakhandi, M.S.R. 1995. Neo-Proterozoic dyke swarms of southern Karnataka: Part I: Field characters, petrography and mineralogy. Memoir, Geological Society of India, 33, 209-265. Devaraju, T.C., Laajoki, K., Zozulya, D., Khanadali, S.D., & Ugarkar, A.G. 1995. Neo-Proterozoic dyke swarm of southern Karnataka: Part II: Geochemistry, oxygen isotope composition, Rb-Sr age and petrogenesis. Memoir, Geological Society of India, 33, 267-306. Ikramuddin, M., & Stueber, A. M. (1976). Rb-Sr ages of Precambrian dolerite and alkaline dikes, southeast Mysore state, India. Lithos, 9(3), 235-241.
  • Madhya Pradesh
    • Alirajpur District
Gwalani, L. G., Rock, N. M. S., Chang, W. J., Fernandez, S., Allegre, C. J., & Prinzhofer, A. (1993). Alkaline rocks and carbonatites of Amba Dongar and adjacent areas, Deccan Igneous Province, Gujarat, India: 1. Geology, petrography and petrochemistry. Mineralogy and Petrology, 47(2-4), 219-253. Hari, K. R., Kumar, M. S., Santosh, M., & Rai, S. K. (1998). Petrology, geochemistry and stable isotope studies of carbonate-rich dyke-like bodies, Chhaktalao area, Madhya Pradesh. JOURNAL OF THE GEOLOGICAL SOCIETY OF INDIA, 52(5), 591-595. Le Maitre, R. W., Streckeisen, A., Zanettin, B., LeBase, M. J., Bonin, B., Batemen, P., ... & Lameyre, J. 2002, Igneous rocks: A classification and glossary of Terms.
  • Maharashtra
    • Nashik District
      • Igatpuri
Woolley A.R. (2019) Alkaline Rocks and Carbonatites of the World. Part 4: Antarctica, Asia and Europe, p.93 Sukheswala, R. N., & Avasia, R. K. (1966). Nepheline syenite in the Deccan traps of Jawhar, Bombay. Geological Society of India, 7, 86-91. Czygan, W. 1985. Petrography and geochemistry of foid syenites and related rocks of the Deccan Trap area, India. Indian Mineralogist (Sukheswala Volume), 20-43.
  • Meghalaya
    • East Garo Hills District
KUMAR, S., DHANA RAJU, R., Varma, H. M., & Dougall, N. K. (1984). Cancrinite-tinguaite and K-rich tachyte in the Nongcharam-Darugiri area of east Garo Hills district, Meghalaya: a preliminary study. Journal of the Geological Society of India, 25(8), 528-532.
    • East Khasi Hills District
Melluso, L., Srivastava, R. K., Guarino, V., Zanetti, A., & Sinha, A. K. (2010). Mineral compositions and petrogenetic evolution of the ultramafic-alkaline–carbonatitic complex of Sung Valley, northeastern India. The Canadian Mineralogist, 48(1), 205-229.; Krishnamurthy, P. (1985). Petrology of the carbonatites and associated rocks of Sung Valley, Jaintia hills district, Meghalaya, India. Journal of The Geological Society of India, 26(6), 361-379. Sen, A. K. (1999). Origin of the Sung Valley carbonatite complex, Meghalaya, India: major element geochemistry constraints. Journal of the Geological Society of India, 53(3), 285-297.
    • West Khasi Hills District
RAGHAVAN NAMBIAR, A. (1987). Alkaline magmatism in parts of West Khasi Hills and East Garo Hills district, Meghalaya. Records of the Geological Survey of India, 115(3-4), 25-44. Ray, J. S., Ramesh, R., & Pande, K. (1999). Carbon isotopes in Kerguelen plume-derived carbonatites: evidence for recycled inorganic carbon. Earth and Planetary Science Letters, 170(3), 205-214. Sarkar, A., Datta, A. K., Poddar, B. C., Bhattacharyya, B. K., Kollapuri, V. K., & Sanwal, R. (1996). Geochronological studies of Mesozoic igneous rocks from eastern India. Journal of Southeast Asian Earth Sciences, 13(2), 77-81.
  • Odisha
    • Nuapada District
Upadhyay, D., Raith, M. M., Mezger, K., Bhattacharya, A., & Kinny, P. D. (2006). Mesoproterozoic rifting and Pan-African continental collision in SE India: evidence from the Khariar alkaline complex. Contributions to Mineralogy and Petrology, 151(4), 434-456. Madhavan, V., & Khurram, M. Z. A. K. (1989). The alkaline gneisses of Khariar, Kalahandi district, Orissa. Mem. Geol. Soc. India, 15, 265-289.
  • Rajasthan
    • Ajmer District
Niyogi, D. (1966). Petrology of the alkalic rocks of Kishangarh, Rajasthan, India. Geological Society of America Bulletin, 77(1), 65-82.
    • Barmer District
      • Malani Igneous Province
Chandrasekaran, V., Srivastava, R. K., & Chawade, M. P. (1990). Geochemistry of the alkaline rocks of Sarnu-Dandali area, district Barmer, Rajasthan, India. Journal of the Geological Society of India, 36(4), 365-382. Chandrasekaran, V., & Chawade, M. P. (1990). Carbonatites of Barmer district, Rajasthan. Indian Minerals, 44(4), 315-324. Chandrasekaran, V., & Srivastava, R. K. (1992). Geochemistry of the Sarnu-Dandali carbonatites, District Barmer, Rajasthan, India. Journal of the Geological Society of India, 39(4), 321-328. Ray, J. S., & Ramesh, R. (1999). Evolution of carbonatite complexes of the Deccan flood basalt province: stable carbon and oxygen isotopic constraints. Journal of Geophysical Research: Solid Earth, 104(B12), 29471-29483. Srivastava, R. K. (1989). Alkaline and peralkaline rocks of Rajasthan. Mem. Geol. Soc. India, 15, 3-24.
  • Tamil Nadu
    • Tiruppur District
Rao, B. B. (1982). Petrology of the alkaline rocks around Sivamalai, Coimbatore district, Tamilnadu, India. Geologische Rundschau, 71(1), 263-279. Bose, M. K. (1971). Petrology of the alkalic suite of Sivamalai, Coimbatore, Tamil Nadu. Geological Society of India, 12(3), 241-261. Bose, M. K., Roy, A. K. G., & Czygan, W. (1982). K-Rb relations in the alkaline suites of the Eastern Ghats precambrian belt, India. Lithos, 15(1), 77-84. Czygan, W., & Goldenberg, G. (1989). Petrography and geochemistry of the alkaline complexes of Sivamalai, Elchuru and Uppalapadu. India. Mem. Geol. Soc. India, 15, 225-240. Rao, T. S., Narayana, B. L., & Gopalan, K. (1994). Rb-Sr age of the Sivamalai alkaline complex, Tamil Nadu. Proceedings of the Indian Academy of Sciences-Earth and Planetary Sciences, 103(3), 425-437.
Italy
 
  • Campania
    • Caserta
      • Roccamonfina Volcanic Complex
Giannetti, B. (): Cumulate inclusions from K-rich magmas, Roccamonfina volcano, Italy. Earth and Planetary Science Letters, 57, 313-335
    • Naples
      • Somma-Vesuvius Complex
[Lapis 1994:5 p.13-23,58]
  • Lazio
    • Viterbo Province
      • Làtera volcano
Di Domenico Dario
No reference listed
Signoretti, E., Carlini, R., Mattei, L. (2004): Località minori del vulcano Vicano: Pian di S. Martino, Le Carcarelle, Torre del Quercio. Il Cercapietre, 1-2, articolo 3; http://www.gminromano.it/Cercapietre/rivista04/testo/04A04.html
Japan
 
  • Hiroshima Prefecture
    • Shoubara City
Kusachi & Henmi (1990) Koubutsu-Gakkai Kou'en-Youshi, 97.
Kazakhstan
 
  • Akmola Region
    • Zerendy
Kogaro et al (1995) Alkaline Rocks and Carbonatites of the World Part 2: USSR
  • Aktobe Region
    • Khromtau
Kogaro et al (1995) Alkaline Rocks and Carbonatites of the World Part 2: USSR
  • Jambyl Region
    • Sarysu
      • Berkuty stream
  • North Kazakhstan Region
    • Timiryazev
  • Pavlodar Region
    • Bayanaul
Kenya
 
  • Homa Bay County
Berger, V.I., Singer, D.A., Orris, G.J. (2009) Carbonatites of the World, Explored Deposits of Nb and REE - Database and Grade and Tonnage Models. U.S. Geological Survey Open-File Report 2009-1139, 17 pages.
Kyrgyzstan
 
  • Issyk-Kul Region
Konopelko, D., Biske, G., Seltmann, R., Petrov, S. V., & Lepekhina, E. (2014). Age and petrogenesis of the Neoproterozoic Chon-Ashu alkaline complex, and a new discovery of chalcopyrite mineralization in the eastern Kyrgyz Tien Shan. Ore Geology Reviews, 61, 175-191.
Libya
 
  • Kufra District
Flinn et al (1992)
Flinn et al. (1992)
Malawi
 
  • Northern Region
    • Chitipa
      • Songwe Complex
Eby, G. N., Woolley, A. R., Din, V., & Platt, G. (1998). Geochemistry and petrogenesis of nepheline syenites: Kasungu–Chipala, Ilomba, and Ulindi nepheline syenite intrusions, North Nyasa alkaline province, Malawi. Journal of Petrology, 39(8), 1405-1424.
Mali
 
  • Kidal Region
Orris, G.J., and Grauch, R.I. (2002): USGS Open-File Report 02-189.
Orris, G.J., and Grauch, R.I. (2002): USGS Open-File Report 02-189.
Mexico
 
  • Coahuila
    • Sierra Mojada Municipality
      • Sierra Mojada
Mineralogical Magazine 1964 33 : 841-852
Mongolia
 
  • Dornogovi Aimag
    • Hövsgöl
Kynický, J. & Samec, P. (2005): Hydrothermally-metasomatic and exsolution-like mineralization of the carbonatites from selected localities at Gobi. Mongolian Geoscientist. sv. 9, č. 27, s. 52-55.
Morocco
 
  • Béni Mellal-Khénifra Region
    • Khénifra Province
      • Tamazeght Mountain Range
Economic Geology May 2000 v. 95 no. 3 p. 559-576 ; Woolley, A. R. (2001). Alkaline Rocks and Carbonatites of the World: Africa. Geological Society of London.; Salvi, S., Fontan, F., Monchoux, P., Williams-Jones, A. E., & Moine, B. (2000). Hydrothermal mobilization of high field strength elements in alkaline igneous systems: evidence from the Tamazeght Complex (Morocco). Economic Geology, 95(3), 559-576.
  • Dakhla-Oued Ed-Dahab Region
Bea, F., Montero, P., Haissen, F., & El Archi, A. (2013). 2.46 Ga kalsilite and nepheline syenites from the Awsard pluton, Reguibat Rise of the West African Craton, Morocco. Generation of extremely K-rich magmas at the Archean–Proterozoic transition. Precambrian Research, 224, 242-254.
Myanmar
 
  • Mandalay Region
    • Pyin-Oo-Lwin District
      • Mogok Township
        • Mogok Valley
Themelis, Ted, 2008, Gems and Mines of Mogok.
Namibia
 
  • Khomas Region
    • Windhoek Rural
      • Aris
Wartha, R., Palfi, A., Niedermayr, G., Brandstätter, F. and Petersen, O. V. (2001): Der Aris-Phonolith-Komplex und seine Mineralien. In Bahmann, U. and A. (Eds.), Namibia – Zauberwelt edler Steine und Kristalle, Bode-Verlag, Haltern, Germany, pp. 172-179. (in German); [http://www.koeln.netsurf.de/~w.steffens/aris.htm]; Jost, B.M. (2012): Origin of water in miarolitic cavities of the Ariskop phonolite, Namibia. Master’s Thesis, ETH Zürich, Switzerland, 64 pp.
  • Kunene Region
    • Epupa
      • Swartbooisdrif
Drüppel, K., Hoefs, J., & Okrusch, M. (2005). Fenitizing processes induced by ferrocarbonatite magmatism at Swartbooisdrif, NW Namibia. Journal of Petrology, 46(2), 377-406.
        • Orotumba
von Seckendorff, V., Drüppel, K., Okrusch, M., Cook, N.J., and Littmann, S. (2000): Mineralium Deposita 35, 430-450.
    • Khorixas
Bodeving, S. (2015): Petrogenesis of the Lofdal Intrusive Suite: Implications for rare earth elements mineralization. Unpublished M.Sc. thesis, McGill University, Montreal, Quebec, Canada. 202 p.
  • Otjozondjupa Region
    • Otjiwarongo
Orris, G.J., and Grauch, R.I. (2002): USGS Open-File Report 02-189.
  • ǁKaras Region
    • ǃNamiǂNûs Constituency
Jour Pet 39:2123-2136
New Zealand
 
  • Otago Region
Railton, G.T., Watters, W.A. (1990) Minerals of New Zealand. New Zealand Geological Survey Bulletin 104, 89 pages.
  • West Coast Region
    • Grey District
      • Greymouth
Railton, G.L., Watters, W.A. (1990) Minerals of New Zealand, New Zealand Geological Survey Bulletin No. 104.
    • Westland District
Railton, G.L., Watters, W.A. (1990) Minerals of New Zealand, New Zealand Geological Survey Bulletin No. 104.
North Korea
 
  • Kangwon Province
INOUE Tami (1950) Amphiboles and Biotites from the Fukushinzan Alkaline Complex, Korea. Journal of the Geological Society of Japan 56(653), 71-77, 1950-06-25
Norway
 
  • Finnmark
    • Alta
Barth, T. (1927): Die Pegmatitgänge der kaledonischen intrusivgesteine in Seiland-gebiete. Det Norske Videnskaps-Akademi Skrifter. 1. Mat.-Naturv. Klasse 1927. No.8. 123p.
Barth, T. (1927): Die Pegmatitgänge der kaledonischen intrusivgesteine in Seiland-gebiete. Det Norske Videnskaps-Akademi Skrifter. 1. Mat.-Naturv. Klasse 1927. No.8. 123p.
    • Hasvik
      • Sørøya
        • Breivikbotn
Sturt, B. A., Miller, J. A. & Fitch, F. J. (1967) The age of alkaline rocks from West Finnmark, Northern Norway, and their bearing on the dating of the Caledonian orogeny. Norsk Geologisk Tidsskrift. 47: 255-273.
Sturt, B. A. & Ramsay, D. M. (1965) The alkaline complex of the Breivikbotn area, Sørøy, Northern Norway. Norges Geologiske Undersøkelse, 231:1-164
Michalsen, A. (2000): Forekomster av mineraler og naturstein på Sørøya. STEIN 27 (2), 4-11
  • Telemark
    • Nome
Årtveit, J. T. (2014): Fensfeltet. Fensfeltet Geologiforening, Ulefoss 2014, 192p.
Mitchell, R.H. (1980): Pyroxenes of the Fen alkaline complex, Norway. American Mineralogist. 65: 45-54
    • Porsgrunn
      • Auenslandet
        • Sagåsen
Andersen, F.,Berge, S.A. & Burvald, I. (1996): Die Mineralien des Langesundsfjords und des umgebenden Larvikit-Gebietes, Oslo-Region, Norwegen. MineralienWelt 7(4):21-100
Larsen, A.O., Åsheim, A. and Gault, R. A. (2005): Minerals of the eudialyte group from the Sagåsen larvikite quarry, Porsgrunn, Norway. Norsk Bergverksmuseum Skrifter 30: 58-62; Friis, Henrik & Andersen, Tom. (2019) Pegmatites of the Larvik Plutonic Complex, Oslo Rift, Norway: field relations and characterisation. 99. 10.17850/njg99-1-05.
      • Bassebu
Knut Edvard Larsen collection mai 2016
      • Langesundsfjorden
Brøgger, W. C. (1890): Die Mineralien der Syenitpegmatitgänge der südnorwegischen Augit-und Nephelinsyenite. Zeitschrift für Kristallographie und Mineral. 16, 663 pp
Brøgger, W. C. (1890): Die Mineralien der Syenitpegmatitgänge der südnorwegischen Augit-und Nephelinsyenite. Zeitschrift für Kristallographie und Mineral. 16, 663 pp
  • Troms
    • Karlsøy
Bøe, P. (2000): En gang av alkaline bergarter i Mikkelvik, Ringvassøy i Troms. Norsk Bergverksmuseum Skrift. 17, 71-79
  • Vestfold
    • Larvik
      • Brunlanes
Dahlgren, S. & Larsen, A.O. (2012): Minerals of the banalsite-stronalsite series in amygdules from the Brunlanes ultramafic series. Norsk Bergverksmuseum Skrifter, 49, 93-100
      • Hedrum
        • Lågendalen
Larsen, A. O. (ed.) (2010): The Langesundsfjord. History, geology, pegmatites, minerals. Bode Verlag Gmbh, Salzhemmendorf, Germany, 240 p
Knut Edvard Larsen collection
      • Langesundsfjorden
        • Barkevik area
Scheerer, T. (1864): Über den Astrophyllit und sein Verhältnis zu Augit und Glimmer im Zirkonsyenit, nebst Bemerkungen über die plutonische Entstehung, Annalen der Physik und Chemie, Vol. 198 (2/122), 107-138
Larsen, A. O. (ed.) (2010): The Langesundsfjord. History, geology, pegmatites, minerals. Bode Verlag Gmbh, Salzhemmendorf, Germany, 240 p
Larsen, A. O. (ed.) (2010): The Langesundsfjord. History, geology, pegmatites, minerals. Bode Verlag Gmbh, Salzhemmendorf, Germany, 240 p
Andersen, F.,Berge, S.A. & Burvald, I. (1996): Die Mineralien des Langesundsfjords und des umgebenden Larvikit-Gebietes, Oslo-Region, Norwegen. MineralienWelt 7(4):21-100
Larsen, A. O. (ed.) (2010): The Langesundsfjord. History, geology, pegmatites, minerals. Bode Verlag Gmbh, Salzhemmendorf, Germany, 240p
Weibye, P.C. (1848): Beiträge zur topographischen Mineralogie Norwegens. Archiv für Mineralogie, Geognosie, Bergbau und Hüttenkunde 22:465-544 (p.581)
        • Store Arøya
Brøgger, W.C. (1890): Die Mineralien der Syenitpegmatitgänge der südnorwegischen Augit-und Nephelinsyenite. Zeitschrift für Kristallographie und Mineralogie 16. p. 61-64
      • Malerød
Peter Andresen collection, 2015.
      • Tjølling
        • Klåstad
Larsen, K.E. & Stensvold, B.K.(2015): Berylliummineraler og andre sjeldne mineraler i syenittpegmatitter i Skallist larvikittbrudd, Tjølling, Larvik, Vestfold. Norsk Mineralsymposium 2015, 47-56
      • Tvedalen
Svein A. Berge observation 1990
Engvoldsen,T.,Andersen, F.,Berge, S.A. & Burvald, I. (1991): Pegmatittmineraler fra Larvik ringkompleks. STEIN 18(1),15-71
Larsen, A. O. (ed.) (2010): The Langesundsfjord. History, geology, pegmatites, minerals. Bode Verlag Gmbh, Salzhemmendorf, Germany, 240 p
Peter Andresen collection, 2016.
Larsen, A. O. (ed.) (2010): The Langesundsfjord. History, geology, pegmatites, minerals. Bode Verlag Gmbh, Salzhemmendorf, Germany, 240 p
Andersen, F.,Berge, S.A. & Burvald, I. (1996): Die Mineralien des Langesundsfjords und des umgebenden Larvikit-Gebietes, Oslo-Region, Norwegen. MineralienWelt 7(4):21-100
Larsen, A. O. (ed.) (2010): The Langesundsfjord. History, geology, pegmatites, minerals. Bode Verlag Gmbh, Salzhemmendorf, Germany, 240 p
Pakistan
 
  • Khyber Pakhtunkhwa
    • Khyber Agency
Jan, M. Q., Kamal, M., & Qureshi, A. Á. (1981). Petrography Of The Loe Shilman Carbonatite Gomplex, Khyber Agengy. Geol. Bull. Univ. Peshawar, 14:29-43
Paraguay
 
  • Alto Paraguay Department
Comin-Chiaramonti, P., Renzulli, A., Ridolfi, F., Enrich, G. E., Gomes, C. B., De Min, A., ... & Ruberti, E. (2016). Late-stage magmatic to deuteric/metasomatic accessory minerals from the Cerro Boggiani agpaitic complex (Alto Paraguay Alkaline Province). Journal of South American Earth Sciences, 71, 248-261.
  • Amambay Department
Gomes, C. B., Velázquez, V. F., Azzone, R. G., & Paula, G. S. (2011). Alkaline magmatism in the Amambay area, NE Paraguay: the Cerro Sarambí complex. Journal of South American Earth Sciences, 32(1), 75-95.
Romania
 
  • Harghita
vom Rath, G. (1876): The syenite mountains of Ditro. Jahrb. f. Min., 772-773. ; Mauritz, B. (1915): Cancrinite from Ditró. Zeitschrift für Kristallographie und Mineralogie 55, 206-208. ; Hirtopanu Paulina, Andersen C. Jens, Fairhurst J. Robert and Jakab Gyula (2013) Allanite-(Ce) and its associations, from the Ditrau alkaline intrusive massif. Proc. Rom. Acad., Series B, 2013, 15(1), p. 59–74
http://www.geol.vt.edu/research/gsrs/gsrs2005/Abstracts/afall%201115AM%20F.doc
Russia (TL)
 
  • Chelyabinsk Oblast
Handbook of Mineralogy - Anthony, Bideaux, Bladh, Nichols; Pekov, I. (1998) Minerals First discovered on the territory of the former Soviet Union 369p. Ocean Pictures, Moscow
    • Kaslinsky District
Filina, M.I., Sorokina, E.S., Botcharnikov, R., Karampelas, S., Rassomakhin, M.A., Kononkova, N.N., Nikolaev, A.G., Berndt, J., Hofmeister, W. (2019) Corundum Anorthosites-Kyshtymites from the South Urals, Russia: A Combined Mineralogical, Geochemical, and U-Pb Zircon Geochronological Study. Minerals, 9(4), 234.
P.M. Kartashov data
http://webmineral.ru/deposits/item.php?id=841
P.M. Kartashov data
  • Irkutsk Oblast
L. Kogarko (1995) Alkaline Rocks and Carbonatites of the World: Part Two: Former USSR
    • Tounkinsk Mountains
Dana 6: 428.
The Canadian Mineralogist Vol. 44, pp. 929-942 (2006); Rasskazov, S. V., Il’yasova, A. M., Konev, A. A., Yasnygina, T. A., Maslovskaya, M. N., Fefelov, N. N., ... & Saranina, E. V. (2007). Geochemical evolution of the Zadoi Alkaline-Ultramafic Massif, Cis-Sayan area, southern Siberia. Geochemistry International, 45(1), 1-14.
  • Khabarovsk Krai
    • Ayan-Maya district
      • Aldan shield
Lennikov, A. M., Zalishak, B. L., & Oktyabrsky, R. A. (2004). The Konder massif of ultramafic and alkaline rocks and related PGM mineralization. In Interim IAGOD Conf. Excursion Guidebook. Vladivostok: Dalnauka (p. 29).
  • Krasnoyarsk Krai
Doroshkevich, A. G., Chebotarev, D. A., Sharygin, V. V., Prokopyev, I. R., & Nikolenko, A. M. (2019). Petrology of alkaline silicate rocks and carbonatites of the Chuktukon massif, Chadobets upland, Russia: Sources, evolution and relation to the Triassic Siberian LIP. Lithos, 332, 245-260.
  • Murmansk Oblast
www.koeln.netsurf.de/~w.steffens/afri.htm
    • Khibiny Massif
      • Eveslogchorr Mt
        • Astrophyllite Stream
Arzamastsev, A., Yakovenchuk, V., Pakhomovsky, Y., & Ivanyuk, G. (2008). The Khibina and Lovozero alkaline massifs: Geology and unique mineralization. In Guidbook for 33rd International Geological Congress Excursion (No. 47, p. 58)
      • Koashva Mt
[World of Stones 95:5-6, p64]; Khomyakov, A. P., Nechelyustov, G. N., Sokolova, E., Bonaccorsi, E., Merlino, S., & Pasero, M. (2002). Megakalsilite, a new polymorph of KAlSiO4 from the Khibina alkaline massif, Kola peninsula, Russia: Mineral description and crystal structure. The Canadian Mineralogist, 40(3), 961-970.
      • Kukisvumchorr Mt
Pekov, I. (1998) Minerals First discovered on the territory of the former Soviet Union 369p. Ocean Pictures, Moscow
        • Marchenko Peak
Arzamastsev, A., Yakovenchuk, V., Pakhomovsky, Y., & Ivanyuk, G. (2008). The Khibina and Lovozero alkaline massifs: Geology and unique mineralization. In Guidbook for 33rd International Geological Congress Excursion (No. 47, p. 58).
http://maurice.strahlen.org/kola/khibiny.htm; Arzamastsev, A., Yakovenchuk, V., Pakhomovsky, Y., & Ivanyuk, G. (2008). The Khibina and Lovozero alkaline massifs: Geology and unique mineralization. In Guidbook for 33rd International Geological Congress Excursion (No. 47, p. 58).
      • Rypnetsk Mountain
Pavel M. Kartashov data
Yakovenchuk, V.N.; Pakhomovsky, Y.A.; Panikorovskii, T.L.; Zolotarev, A.A.; Mikhailova, J.A.; Bocharov, V.N.; Krivovichev, S.V.; Ivanyuk, G.Y. (2019) Chirvinskyite, (Na,Ca)13(Fe,Mn,□)2(Ti,Nb)2(Zr,Ti)3-(Si2O7)4(OH,O,F)12, a New Mineral with a Modular Wallpaper Structure, from the Khibiny Alkaline Massif (Kola Peninsula, Russia). Minerals 2019, 9, 219.
Arzamastsev, A., Yakovenchuk, V., Pakhomovsky, Y., & Ivanyuk, G. (2008). The Khibina and Lovozero alkaline massifs: Geology and unique mineralization. In Guidbook for 33rd International Geological Congress Excursion (No. 47, p. 58).
Arzamastsev, A., Yakovenchuk, V., Pakhomovsky, Y., & Ivanyuk, G. (2008). The Khibina and Lovozero alkaline massifs: Geology and unique mineralization. In Guidbook for 33rd International Geological Congress Excursion (No. 47, p. 58).
Pekov, I. (1998) Minerals First discovered on the territory of the former Soviet Union 369p. Ocean Pictures, Moscow
Veksler, I. V., Nielsen, T. F. D., & Sokolov, S. V. (1998). Mineralogy of crystallized melt inclusions from Gardiner and Kovdor ultramafic alkaline complexes: implications for carbonatite genesis. Journal of Petrology, 39(11-12), 2015-2031; Verhulst, A., Balaganskaya, E., Kirnarsky, Y., & Demaiffe, D. (2000). Petrological and geochemical (trace elements and Sr–Nd isotopes) characteristics of the Paleozoic Kovdor ultramafic, alkaline and carbonatite intrusion (Kola Peninsula, NW Russia). Lithos, 51(1), 1-25.; Mikhailova, J. A., Kalashnikov, A. O., Sokharev, V. A., Pakhomovsky, Y. A., Konopleva, N. G., Yakovenchuk, V. N., ... & Ivanyuk, G. Y. (2016). 3D mineralogical mapping of the Kovdor phoscorite–carbonatite complex (Russia). Mineralium Deposita, 51(1), 131-149.
N.V. Chukanov et al.: Zap. Vses. Mineral. Obshch. 133(1):59-72 (2004)
[World of Stones 95:5-6, p64]
www.koeln.netsurf.de/~w.steffens/lovo.htm
    • Lovozersky District
Pekov, I. (1998) Minerals First discovered on the territory of the former Soviet Union 369p. Ocean Pictures, Moscow
        • Umbozero mine (Umbozerskii mine; Umba Mine)
Pekov, I. (1998) Minerals First discovered on the territory of the former Soviet Union 369p. Ocean Pictures, Moscow; Khomyakov A P, Shumyatskaya N G, Polezhaeva L T (1992) Shomiokite-(Y), Na3Y(CO3)3·3H2O: a new mineral, Zapiski Vserossijskogo Mineralogicheskogo Obshchestva, 121, issue 6 129-132
    • Northern Karelia
Zaitsev, A. N., Sitnikova, M. A., Subbotin, V. V., Fernández-Suárez, J., Jeffries, T. E., & Wall, F. (2004). Sallanlatvi complex—a rare example of magnesite and siderite carbonatites. Phoscorites and carbonatites from mantle to mine: the key example of the Kola Alkaline Province. Mineralogical Society, London, 201-245.
Liferovich, R. P., Mitchell, R. H., Zozulya, D. R., & Shpachenko, A. K. (2006). Paragenesis and composition of banalsite, stronalsite, and their solid solution in nepheline syenite and ultramafic alkaline rocks. The Canadian Mineralogist, 44(4), 929-942.
    • Turii Cape
www.koeln.netsurf.de/~w.steffens/tury.htm; Keith Bell, Elizabeth Ann Dunworth, Andrei G. Bulakh, and Valeriy V. Ivanikov (1996) Alkaline rocks of the Turiy Peninsula, Russia, including type-locality turjaite and turjite; a review. Can Mineral, v. 34, p. 265-280; Liferovich, R. P., Mitchell, R. H., Zozulya, D. R., & Shpachenko, A. K. (2006). Paragenesis and composition of banalsite, stronalsite, and their solid solution in nepheline syenite and ultramafic alkaline rocks. The Canadian Mineralogist, 44(4), 929-942.
  • Republic of Karelia
    • Louhi District
Kovalskaya, T. N., Kotelnikov, A. R., & Varlamov, D. A. (2017). Rock-forming Minerals of Tiksheozersky Massif (North Karelia, Russia). In Magmatism of the Earth and related strategic metal deposits (pp. 115-117).
  • Sakha Republic (Yakutia)
      • Aldan
        • Ryabinovskoe Cu-Au deposit
Kochetkov A.Ya. (2006) Ore contents of alkaline massifs of Aldan shield: Ryabinovskoe copper-gold-porphyritic deposit,- Tikhookeanskaya Geologiya, v.25, N1, pp. 62-73 (in Russian)
      • Eastern Aldan
Shadenkov, Y. M. (1989). Metasomatic assemblages in wall rocks of the Ingili pluton, eastern Aldan. International Geology Review, 31(7), 697-706.
  • Tuva
Andreeva, I. A., Kovalenko, V. I., Nikiforov, A. V., & Kononkova, N. N. (2007). Compositions of magmas, formation conditions, and genesis of carbonate-bearing ijolites and carbonatites of the Belaya Zima alkaline carbonatite complex, eastern Sayan. Petrology, 15(6), 551-574.; Doroshkevich, A. G., Veksler, I. V., Izbrodin, I. A., Ripp, G. S., Khromova, E. A., Posokhov, V. F., ... & Vladykin, N. V. (2016). Stable isotope composition of minerals in the Belaya Zima plutonic complex, Russia: Implications for the sources of the parental magma and metasomatizing fluids. Journal of Asian Earth Sciences, 116, 81-96.
    • Sangilen Upland
http://webmineral.ru/deposits/item.php?id=234
Kapustin, Y. L., & Bykova, A. V. (1965). First find of hiortdahlite in the USSR. Doklady Akad. Nauk SSSR, 161, 121-124.
Rwanda
 
  • Western Province
    • Ngororero District
      • Gatumba
Bertossa, A. (1968) Inventaire des minéraux du Rwanda. Bulletin du Service Géologique de Rwanda: 4: 25-45.; Daltry, V.D.C. and von Knorring, O. (1998) Type-mineralogy of Rwanda with particular reference to the Buranga pegmatite. Geologica Belgica: 1: 9-15.
Somaliland
 
  • Awdal
    • Borama District
      • Darkainle complex
Mineralogical Magazine 1964 33 : 1057-1065.
South Africa
 
  • Limpopo
USGS Open-File Report 02–156–A ; Harmer, R. E. (1999). The petrogenetic association of carbonatite and alkaline magmatism: constraints from the Spitskop Complex, South Africa. Journal of Petrology, 40(4), 525-548.
  • North West
    • Bojanala Platinum District
Wooley (2001) 269-270.
      • Rustenburg (Rustenburg District)
Cairncross, B. and Dixon, R., (1995) Minerals of South Africa. The Geological Society of South Africa, pg 194;
    • Ngaka Modiri Molema District
WOOLLEY, A.R. (2001) Alkaline Rocks and Carbonatites of the World, Part3: Africa. Geological Society, London, 384 p.
Sweden
 
  • Dalarna County
    • Älvdalen
      • Särna
Magnusson, N.H. ( 1923) The alkaline rocks of Siksjöberget and Ekorråsen in Särna. Geologiska Föreningen i Stockholm Förhandlingar. 45 : 295-334
GFF (1923) 45, 295-334
  • Jämtland County
No reference listed
  • Östergötland County
    • Ödeshög
  • Uppsala County
    • Uppsala
      • Almunge
Quensel, P. (1912): Undersökningar öfver alkalisyeniten och nefelinsyenit-bergarterna i Almunge socken i Upland. GFF 34 (7), 695-700
  • Västernorrland County
    • Sundsvall
Sandström, F., Binett, T., Wiklund, C. & Vikström, J. (2010): Alnöområdets geologi och mineralogi. Litiofilen. 27 (2) :14-42
Switzerland
 
  • Ticino
    • Centovalli
Weiβ, S., Fehr, T., Ansermet, S., Meisser, N., Pakhomovsky, Ya.K. (2007): Zirkonführende Nephelin-Pegmatite im Centovalli, Süd-Schweiz: Struktur, Mineralogie und Kristallisationsfolge. Lapis, 32, 6, 24-30.
Tajikistan
 
  • Districts of Republican Subordination
http://www.koeln.netsurf.de/~w.steffens/dara.htm
Uganda
 
  • Eastern Region
    • Mbale District
Sutherland, D.S. (1969): Contributions to Mineralogy and Petrology 24, 114-135.
UK
 
  • England
    • Cornwall
Goley, P. and Williams R. (1995) Cornish Mineral Reference Manual. Endsleigh Publications
  • Scotland
    • Highland
      • Assynt
        • Loch Borralan
Handbook of Mineralogy - Anthony, Bideaux, Bladh, Nichols
Ukraine
 
  • Donetsk Oblast
    • Azov Sea Region
Magdalena Dumańska-Słowik, Bartosz Budzyń, Wiesław Heflik and Magdalena Sikorska (2012)Stability relationships of REE-bearing phosphates in an alkali-rich system (nepheline syenite from the Mariupol Massif, SE Ukraine). Acta Geologica Polonica, 62:247–265
Dmitry Tonkacheev
Kryvdik S. G. · Sharygin V. V. · Gatsenko V. O. · Lunev E. S. (2016) Foid minerals from malignites of the Pokrovo-Kireevo massif (Azov Sea region, Ukraine)
USA
 
  • Arkansas
    • Hot Spring Co.
Rocks and Minerals, (1976) 51:495-507; American Mineralogist, Volume 77, pages 685-703, 1992
American Mineralogist, Volume 7 4, pages 113-131, 1989
Erickson, Ralph Leroy; Blade, Lawrence Vernon (1963) Geochemistry and petrology of the alkalic igneous complex at Magnet Cove, Arkansas. USGS Prof. Paper 425
    • Pulaski Co.
      • Little Rock
Rocks and Minerals, (1988) 63:104-125; Rocks and Minerals, (1989) 64:314-322
Henry Barwood - unpublished (2010)
  • California
    • Humboldt Co.
      • Coastal Range
W. S. Wise (2006) research at UCSB; American Mineralogist: (1983) 68: 245-254.
  • Colorado
    • Fremont Co.
      • Iron Mountain complex
Minerals of Colorado (1997) Eckel, E. B.
Minerals of Colorado (1997) Eckel, E. B.
    • Gunnison Co.
      • White Earth Mining District (Powderhorn Mining District)
"Minerals of Colorado, updated & revised", p. 17, by Eckel, Edwin B., 1997; USGS ProfessionaL Paper 197A
  • Maine
    • Kennebec Co.
      • Litchfield
West, D. P., Bradley, D., & Coish, R. (2016). The Litchfield pluton in south-central Maine: Carboniferous alkalic magmatism in northern New England, USA. Atlantic Geology, 52, 169-187.
      • Monmouth
King & Foord, 1994. Mineralogy of Maine, Vol.1, p.72
      • West Gardiner
Handbook of Mineralogy - Anthony, Bideaux, Bladh, Nichols
    • York Co.
      • Shapleigh
No reference listed
  • Massachusetts
    • Essex Co.
Emerson, 1917. Geology of Massachusetts and Rhode Island, p.197-198
Gleba, 1978. Massachusetts Mineral & Fossil Localities
Gleba, 1978. Massachusetts Mineral & Fossil Localities
Emerson, B.K. Geology of Massachusetts and Rhode Island, 1917. (USGS Bulletin 597), p.197-198.
Gleba, 1978. Massachusetts Mineral & Fossil Localities
  • Montana
    • Hill Co.
  • New Hampshire
    • Carroll Co.
      • Moultonborough
Woolley, A.R. (1987), Alkaline Rocks and Carbonatites of the World
Wellman, Thomas R. (1971) Feldspathoidal Rocks of the Red Hill Igneous Complex, New Hampshire, Journal of Geology v 79, No. 5 (Sep., 1971), pp. 621-627
  • New Jersey
    • Hunterdon Co.
      • Brookville
Jour. Petrology:10(2):211 (1969).
    • Sussex County
      • Frankford Township
        • Wykertown
Am.Min.: 35: 500-507 (1950), Milton, C. & Davidson, N.: 500
      • Wantage Township
        • Libertyville
Rutgers University Bull. #5, Ptar 1: 53-54.
  • New Mexico
    • Colfax County
      • Springer
        • Point of Rocks Mesa (Pecks Mesa)
Handbook of Mineralogy - Anthony, Bideaux, Bladh, Nichols; 4th Annual New Mexico Mineral Symposium (1985) New Mexico Geology 7:18-19
  • Pennsylvania
    • Bucks Co.
      • Point Pleasant
Reed, Juliet C. (1976), Annotated Biblio. of Minerals New to the Pennsylvania List 1965-1974, The Mineralogical Society of PA, Inc.: 22-23; Grant, R.W. (Apr, 1971) PA Mins. (PM) (99), Keystone Newsletter; Grant (Feb & Mar 1973) PM (122 & 123), Keystone Ne
  • Vermont
    • Rutland Co.
      • Shrewsbury
Woolley (1987), Alkaline Rocks and Carbonatites of the World.; Eggleston, J. W., 1918, Eruptive rocks at Cuttingsville, Vermont: Am. Jour. Sci., v. 45 (4th series), p. 377-410.
          • Copperas Hill
Rocks & Min. Vol. 71, (1996)
Rocks & Min. Vol. 71, (1996)
  • Washington
    • San Juan Co.
Cannon, B. (1975): Minerals of Washington, p.66
  • Wisconsin
Falster, A. U., W.B. Simmons, K.L. Webberand T. Buchholz, 2000 , "Pegmatites and pegmatite minerals of the Wausau Complex, Marathon County, Wisconsin", Memorie della Societa di Scienze Naturali e del Museo Civico di Storia di Milano, vol. XXX p. 13-28
      • Wausau Intrusive Complex
        • Stettin pluton
R&M 73:11-12 pp 378-399 Wisconsin Mineral Locality Index
Zimbabwe
 
  • Manicaland
    • Buhera District
      • Shawa complex
        • Dorowa
USGS Open-File Report 02–156–A
 
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