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Mercurian Tetrahedrite

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About Mercurian TetrahedriteHide

Formula:
Cu6[Cu4(Zn,Fe,Hg)2]Sb4S13
A variety of Tetrahedrite Subgroup

A mercury-bearing variety of tetrahedrite, if Zn/Fe>Hg.
NOTE: If the material is Hg-dominant, it is tetrahedrite-(Hg).

Foit & Ulbricht (2001) found that the Hg content in tetrahedrite is negatively correlated to both the Fe and, especially, the Zn content, and positively but weakly correlated to the Sb content; samples with the highest Hg contents (∼2 atoms per formula unit)* tend to be tetrahedritess with only minor to trace amounts of Fe and Zn and approximately 10 atoms per formula unit of Cu.
* These are now to be termed tetrahedrite-(Hg) (approved in 2019).


Originally reported as "schwazite" from Schwaz, Brixlegg - Schwaz area, Inn valley, North Tyrol, Tyrol, Austria. However, modern analyses showed that "schwazite" never contained much Hg (Arlt & Diamond, 1998, 1999); electron microprobe data showed an average Hg content of 1.8 wt.% and a maximum of 9.4 wt.% (Arlt & Diamond, 1998).


Chemical Properties of Mercurian TetrahedriteHide

Formula:
Cu6[Cu4(Zn,Fe,Hg)2]Sb4S13

Synonyms of Mercurian TetrahedriteHide

Other Language Names for Mercurian TetrahedriteHide

Common AssociatesHide

Associated Minerals Based on Photo Data:
4 photos of Mercurian Tetrahedrite associated with BaryteBaSO4
4 photos of Mercurian Tetrahedrite associated with QuartzSiO2
4 photos of Mercurian Tetrahedrite associated with AzuriteCu3(CO3)2(OH)2
3 photos of Mercurian Tetrahedrite associated with MalachiteCu2(CO3)(OH)2

Other InformationHide

Health Risks:
No information on health risks for this material has been entered into the database. You should always treat mineral specimens with care.

References for Mercurian TetrahedriteHide

Reference List:
Sort by Year (asc) | by Year (desc) | by Author (A-Z) | by Author (Z-A)
Untchi, G. (1872). [with old analyses of "schwazite" showing no or negligible Hg] [http://www.zobodat.at/pdf/MittNatVerSt_9_0047-0063.pdf]
Palache, Charles, Harry Berman & Clifford Frondel (1944), The System of Mineralogy of James Dwight Dana and Edward Salisbury Dana Yale University 1837-1892, Volume I: Elements, Sulfides, Sulfosalts, Oxides. John Wiley and Sons, Inc., New York. 7th edition, revised and enlarged: 379.
Kaplunnik, L.N, Pobedimskaya, E.A., Belov, N.V. (1980): Crystal structure of “schwatzite”, (Cu4.4Hg1.6)Cu6Sb4S12. Soviet Physics - Crystallography 25, 508-509. [= tetraedrite-(Hg)]
Arlt, T. & Diamond, L.W. (1998): Composition of tetrahedrite-tennantite and ‘schwazite’ in the Schwaz silver mines, North Tyrol, Austria. Mineralogical Magazine 62, 801-820.
Arlt, T. & Diamond, L.W. (1999) Mineralnamen und Mineralogiegeschichte: Gab es je Schwazit in Schwaz? Lapis 24(12), 45-46. [on never confirmed Hg-richness of "schwazite"]
Foit, F.F. Jr., Ulbricht, M.E. (2001) Compositional variation in mercurian tetrahedrite-tennantite from epithermal deposits of the Steens and Pueblo Mountains, Harney County, Oregon. Can. Mineral. 39, 819-830.
Velebil Dalibor (2014) Příspěvek k poznání chemismu rtuťových tetraedritů: lokality Jedová hora (Česko), Rudňany, Rožňava, Nižná Slaná, Slovinky (Slovensko) a Maškara (Bosna a Hercegovina). Bulletin mineralogicko-petrologického oddělení 22: 131-143.

Internet Links for Mercurian TetrahedriteHide

Localities for Mercurian TetrahedriteHide

This map shows a selection of localities that have latitude and longitude coordinates recorded. Click on the symbol to view information about a locality. The symbol next to localities in the list can be used to jump to that position on the map.

Locality ListHide

- This locality has map coordinates listed. - This locality has estimated coordinates. ⓘ - Click for further information on this occurrence. ? - Indicates mineral may be doubtful at this locality. - Good crystals or important locality for species. - World class for species or very significant. (TL) - Type Locality for a valid mineral species. (FRL) - First Recorded Locality for everything else (eg varieties). Struck out - Mineral was erroneously reported from this locality. Faded * - Never found at this locality but inferred to have existed at some point in the past (eg from pseudomorphs.)

All localities listed without proper references should be considered as questionable.
Australia
 
  • South Australia
    • Flinders Ranges
      • North Flinders Ranges
        • Wertaloona homestead
Austria
 
  • Carinthia
    • Spittal an der Drau District
      • Dellach im Drautal
        • Glatschach
    • Villach-Land District
      • Rosegg
G. Niedermayr, I. Praetzel: Mineralien Kärntens, 1995
    • Völkermarkt District
      • Bleiburg
G. Niedermayr, I. Praetzel: Mineralien Kärntens, 1995
G. Niedermayr, I. Praetzel: Mineralien Kärntens, 1995
  • Salzburg
    • St. Johann im Pongau District
      • Werfen
        • Diel Alp
A. Strasser: Die Minerale Salzburgs, 1989
  • Tyrol
    • Kufstein District
      • Brixlegg
        • Geyer - Silberberg District
Lapis 19(7/8):13-78 (1994)
        • St Gertraudi
R. Exel: Die Mineralien und Erzlagerstätten Österreichs (1993)
    • Schwaz District
      • Falkenstein
Lapis 19(7/8):13-78 (1994); Arlt, T. & Diamond, L.W. (1998): Composition of tetrahedrite-tennantite and ‘schwazite’ in the Schwaz silver mines, North Tyrol, Austria. Mineralogical Magazine 62, 801-820; Arlt, T. & Diamond, L.W. (1999) Mineralnamen und Mineralogiegeschichte: Gab es je Schwazit in Schwaz? Lapis 24(12), 45-46; 58.
      • Ringenwechsel mining district
Lapis 19(7/8):13-78 (1994)
      • Schwaz
Lapis 19(7/8):13-78 (1994)
Bosnia and Herzegovina
 
  • Federation of Bosnia and Herzegovina
    • Central Bosnia Canton
Jurković, I., Pezdič, J., and Šiftar, D. (1994): Geology and geochemistry of the mineralization from the Gornji Vakuf area, Bosnia. Rudarko-geološko-naftni zbornik (Zagreb), 6, 19-37 (in English).
Ivan B. Jurković, Vesnica Garašić & Ivan M. Jurković (2011) Cobalt, nickel, tungsten, cadmium, selenium, silver and gold-bearing mercurian tetrahedrite from the Saski Rad barite–siderite deposit in the Mid-Bosnian Schist Mts. Geologia Croatia 64:223-237.
      • Kreševo
Jurkovic, I. (1991): Abstracts of the Sixth Meeting of the European Union of Geosciences, March 24-28, 1991. Terra Abstracts, p. 411.
    • Una-Sana Canton
      • Bihač
Jurkovic, I. (1991): Abstracts of the Sixth Meeting of the European Union of Geosciences, March 24-28, 1991. Terra Abstracts (Oxford), 411.
Bulgaria
 
  • Montana Province
    • Chiprovtsi Obshtina
Atanasov, V. A. (1975). Argentian mercurian tetrahedrite, a new variety, from the Chiprovtsi ore deposit, Western Stara-Planina mountains, Bulgaria. Mineral. Mag, 40(11), 233-237.
Canada
 
  • British Columbia
    • Golden Mining Division
      • Windermere District
Dana 7:I:381.
Chile
 
  • Coquimbo
    • Elqui Province
Econ Geol (1996) 91:1298-1309
    • Limarí Province
      • Ovalle
McAllister, J. F., Fuller, C. R., & Williams, H. F. (1950). Quicksilver deposits of Chile. USGS Bull 964E
        • Punitaqui
Maksaev, V., Townley, B., Palacios, C., and Camus, F. (2007): Metallic ore deposits. In: Moreno, T., and Gibbons, W. (editors): The Geology of Chile. The Geological Society (London), pp. 414.
McAllister, J. F., Fuller, C. R., & Williams, H. F. (1950). Quicksilver deposits of Chile. USGS Bulletin 964E
  • Valparaíso
    • Petorca Province
      • El Bronce mining district
Econ Geol (1991) 86:1317-1345
China
 
  • Shandong
    • Yantai
      • Zhaoyuan City
Jie Sun, Ruijun Li, Zhouwei Zhao, and Fen Xu (2012): Gold Science and Technology 20(4), 39-42
Czech Republic
 
  • Central Bohemian Region
    • Beroun District
      • Hořovice
        • Neřežín
Velebil, D., Losos, Z.: Rtutí bohatý tetraedrit z Jedové hory u Neřežína a jeho doprovodné minerály. Bulletin mineralogicko-petrografického oddělení Národního muzea v Praze, 2008, vol. 16, 1, 56-60.
France
 
  • Occitanie
    • Hérault
      • Lodève
"Les minéraux, leurs gisements, leurs associations", P. Bariand, F. Cesbron et J. Geffroy (1977), Editions Minéraux et Fossiles, BRGM
Germany
 
  • North Rhine-Westphalia
    • Arnsberg
      • Olpe
        • Kirchhundem
          • Silberg
Wittern: "Mineralfundorte in Deutschland", 2001
    • Cologne
      • Rheinisch-Bergischer Kreis
        • Overath
          • Bensberg
Weiss, S. (1990) Mineralfundstellen Atlas, Deutschland West. Weise Verlag, München, 320 pages.
  • Rhineland-Palatinate
    • Bad Kreuznach District
      • Bad Kreuznach
        • Feilbingert
          • Lemberg
            • Schmittenzug mine
S. Weiß: "Mineralfundstellen, Deutschland West", Weise (Munich), 1990
    • Donnersberg District
      • Kirchheimbolanden
        • Mörsfeld
Weiss, S. (1990) Mineralfundstellen Atlas, Deutschland West. Weise Verlag, München, 320 pages.
        • Orbis
Wittern: "Mineralfundorte in Deutschland", 2001
      • Nordpfälzer Land
        • Obermoschel
Lapis 2001(6), 13-40
Hartmut Hensel Collection, Neustadt/Wstr.
    • Kusel District
      • Lauterecken-Wolfstein
        • Königsberg
Weiss: "Mineralfundstellen, Deutschland West", Weise (Munich), 1990
India
 
  • Rajasthan
    • Jhunjhunu District
Ahmed, M., Shaif, M., Siddiquie, F. N., & Khan, R. (2018). Mode of Occurrence and Mineralogy of Northern Khetri Copper Deposits, Jhunjhunu District, Rajasthan. Natural Resources, 2018, 9, 389-403
Ahmed, M., Shaif, M., Siddiquie, F. N., & Khan, R. (2018). Mode of Occurrence and Mineralogy of Northern Khetri Copper Deposits, Jhunjhunu District, Rajasthan. Natural Resources, 2018, 9, 389-403
Italy
 
  • Lombardy
    • Bergamo Province
Capitanio A. Il Ferro della Val di Scalve, Ferrari Grafiche Clusone, 2000, 159 pp
  • Piedmont
    • Verbano-Cusio-Ossola Province
      • Vanzone con San Carlo
Roggiani, A.G. (1975) Ossola minerale. Indice delle specie e dei principali luoghi di ritrovamento con un saggio di bibliografia mineralogica ossolana. "Novara" (Bimestrale edito dalla Camera di Commercio Industria Artigianato e Agricoltura di Novara), 3, 112 pages; Piccoli, G.C., Maletto, G., Bosio, P., and Lombardo, B. (2007) Minerali del Piemonte e della Valle d'Aosta. Associazione Amici del Museo "F. Eusebio" di Alba, L'Artigiana Srl - Azienda Grafica, Alba (Cuneo), 607 pages.
Malaysia
 
  • Sarawak
    • Kuching Division
      • Bau
Wolfram Dieter Schuh (1993) Geology, Geochemistry, And Ore Deposits Of The Bau Gold Mining District, Sarawak, Malaysia. PhD Thesis University of Arizona.
Russia
 
  • Sakha Republic (Yakutia)
    • Verkhoyansk Fold Belt
      • Verkhoyansk Silver Province
        • Khachakchan ore cluster
Pavlova, G.G., and Borisenko, A.S. (2009): Ore Geology Reviews 35, 164-185.
Pavlova, G.G., and Borisenko, A.S. (2009): Ore Geology Reviews 35, 164-185.
Slovakia
 
  • Banská Bystrica Region
    • Lučenec District
Koděra, M. et al., 1986 a 1990 : Topografická mineralógia Slovenska, diel 1- 3, Veda – Vydavateľstvo SAV, Bratislava, 1990, 1 – 1590
    • Žarnovica District
      • Nová Baňa
Majzlan, J., Berkh, K., Kiefer, S., Koděra, P., Fallick, A.E., Chovan, M., Bakos, F., Biroň, A., Ferenc, S., Lexa, J. (2017): Mineralogy, alteration patterns, geochemistry, and fluid properties of the Ag-Au epithermal deposit Nová Baňa, Slovakia. Mineralogy and Petrology, 111, (in press)
  • Košice Region
    • Gelnica District
      • Gelnica
Háber,M., 1980: Mineralogische – geochemische und paragenetische Erfoschung hydrotermaler Gänge im Gebiet zwischen Prakovce und Kojšov (SGR). Záp.Karpáty – sér. Miner.,petrograf.,geochém., metalog., 7 – 131
      • Jaklovce
Koděra, M. et al., 1986 a 1990 : Topografická mineralógia Slovenska, diel 1- 3, Veda – Vydavateľstvo SAV, Bratislava, 1990, 1 – 1590k
      • Nálepkovo
Koděra, M. et al., 1986 a 1990 : Topografická mineralógia Slovenska, diel 1- 3, Veda – Vydavateľstvo SAV, Bratislava, 1990, 1 – 1590
      • Úhorná
Koděra, M. et al., 1986 a 1990 : Topografická mineralógia Slovenska, diel 1- 3, Veda – Vydavateľstvo SAV, Bratislava, 1990, 1 – 1590
    • Košice-okolie District
      • Košická Belá
Koděra, M. et al., 1986 a 1990 : Topografická mineralógia Slovenska, diel 1- 3, Veda – Vydavateľstvo SAV, Bratislava, 1990, 1 – 1590k
      • Poproč
Koděra, M. et al., 1986 a 1990 : Topografická mineralógia Slovenska, diel 1- 3, Veda – Vydavateľstvo SAV, Bratislava, 1990, 1 – 1590k
    • Rožňava District
Koděra et all.,1990: Topografická mineralógia Slovenska, I-III, 1590p
        • Dobšiná mining district
          • Čuntava
Grecula P. ed., 1995: Ložiská nerastných surovín Slovenského rudohoria. Zväzok 1. [Mineral deposits of the Slovak Ore Mountains. Volume 1]. Geocomplex, Bratislava, Slovak Republic, 829 p. (in Slovak and English)
      • Nižná Slaná
Koděra, M. et al., 1986 a 1990 : Topografická mineralógia Slovenska, diel 1- 3, Veda – Vydavateľstvo SAV, Bratislava, 1990, 1 – 1590k
      • Rožňava
Pauliš P., Ďuďa R., 2002:Nejznámejší mineralogická nalezište Slovenska. Kuttna, Kutná Hora, 136p
Koděra et all.,1990: Topografická mineralógia Slovenska, I-III, 1590p
Koděra, M. et al., 1986 a 1990 : Topografická mineralógia Slovenska, diel 1- 3, Veda – Vydavateľstvo SAV, Bratislava, 1990, 1 – 1590k
    • Spišská Nová Ves District
Ďuďa R., Peterec D., 1995 : Die Mineralien der siderit - baryt lagersttäte von Rudňany ( Kotterbach ) in der Slowakei. Mineralien Welt /Haltern/, 1, s.20 - 31;
Koděra et all.,1990: Topografická mineralógia Slovenska, I-III, 1590p
      • Spišská Nová Ves
        • Novoveská Huta
Koděra et all.,1990: Topografická mineralógia Slovenska, I-III, 1590p
Slovenia
 
  • Central Sava Region
    • Litija
Scopolia - Journal of the Slovenian Museum of natural History - Mineralna bogastva Slovenije, p. 52 - 65, Ljubljana, 2006
Spain
 
  • Valencian Community
    • Castellón
Tritlla, J. and Cardellach, E. (1997). Fluid inclusion systematics in pre-ore minerals from carbonate-hosted mercury veins from the Espadán Ranges (East of Spain). Chemical Geology, 137, 91-106
      • Chóvar
        • Bellota ravine
Joan Vinals & Miguel Calvo (2007) Corderoite, Kenhsuite and Perroudite, mercury sulphohalides from Chovar (Xovar), Castello, Spain. Mineral Up, June 2007.
        • El Hembrar
Joan Vinals & Miguel Calvo (2007) Corderoite, Kenhsuite and Perroudite, mercury sulphohalides from Chovar (Xovar), Castello, Spain. Mineral Up, June 2007.
Tritlla, J. (1994).- “Geología y Metalogénia de las Mineralizaciones de Ba-Hg de la Sierra de Espadàn (Provincia de Castellón)”. Boletín de la Sociedad Española de Mineralogía, Vol. 17, pp.245-246
Sweden
 
  • Västmanland County
    • Sala
USA
 
  • Arizona
    • Cochise County
      • Johnny Lyon Hills
Anthony, J.W., et al (1995), Mineralogy of Arizona, 3rd.ed.: 381.
    • Pima Co.
      • Cerro Colorado Mountains
        • Cerro Colorado Mining District
Keith, Stanton B. (1974), AZ Bur. of Geol. & Min. Technology, Geol. Survey Br. Bull. 189, Index of Mining Properties in Pima County, AZ: 114 (Table 4); Arizona Bureau of Mines file data.
Keith, Stanton B. (1974), AZ Bur. of Geol. & Min. Technology, Geol. Survey Br. Bull. 189, Index of Mining Properties in Pima County, AZ: 114 (Table 4); Arizona Bureau of Mines file data.
      • Tohono O'odom (Papago) Indian Reservation
        • Coyote Mountains
          • Coyote Mining District
            • Pan Tak
Keith, Stanton B. (1974), AZ Bur. of Geol. & Min. Technology, Geol. Survey Br. Bull. 189, Index of Mining Properties in Pima County, AZ: 117 (Table 4); Arizona Bureau of Mines file data.
    • Pinal Co.
‡Ref.: Anthony, J.W., et al (1995), Mineralogy of Arizona, 3rd.ed.: 405.
    • Yavapai Co.
      • Black Hills (Black Hill Range)
        • Black Hills Mining District
Anthony, J.W., et al (1995), Mineralogy of Arizona, 3rd.ed.: 229, 393; Anderson, C.A. & S.C. Creasey (1958), Geology and ore deposits of the Jerome area, Yavapai Co., AZ, USGS PP 308: 91-92, 177; Lindgren, W. (1926), USGS Bull. 782: 39, 99-100; Galbraith, F.W. (1947), Minerals of AZ, AZ Bur. Mines Bull. 153: 18, 27.
  • California
    • Inyo Co.
      • Panamint Mts (Panamint Range)
        • Cottonwood Mountains
          • Ubehebe Mining District
            • Ubehebe Peak
McAllister, James Franklin (1955), Geology of mineral deposits in the Ubehebe Peak quadrangle, Inyo County, California. California Division Mines, Special Report 42, 63 pp.: 61; Murdoch, Joseph & Robert W. Webb (1966), Minerals of California, Centennial Volume (1866-1966): California Division Mines & Geology Bulletin 189: 363.
  • Colorado
    • Clear Creek Co.
      • Georgetown District
Minerals of Colorado (1997) E.B. Eckel
 
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