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Boussingaultite

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About BoussingaultiteHide

00299170014946727149336.jpg
Jean-Baptiste Joseph Dieudonne Boussingault
Formula:
(NH4)2Mg(SO4)2 · 6H2O
Colour:
Colourless, yellowish-pink; colourless in transmitted light.
Lustre:
Silky
Hardness:
2
Specific Gravity:
1.722
Crystal System:
Monoclinic
Name:
Named by E. Bechi in 1864 in honor of Jean-Baptiste Boussingault [1802-1887], French chemist.
Picromerite Group, Boussingaultite-Mohrite Series.

May originate as an alteration (hydration) product of efremovite.


Classification of BoussingaultiteHide

Approved, 'Grandfathered' (first described prior to 1959)
7.CC.60

7 : SULFATES (selenates, tellurates, chromates, molybdates, wolframates)
C : Sulfates (selenates, etc.) without additional anions, with H2O
C : With medium-sized and large cations
29.3.7.2

29 : HYDRATED ACID AND NORMAL SULFATES
3 : A2B(XO4)2·xH2O
25.3.17

25 : Sulphates
3 : Sulphates of Mg

Physical Properties of BoussingaultiteHide

Silky
Transparency:
Transparent
Colour:
Colourless, yellowish-pink; colourless in transmitted light.
Hardness:
Cleavage:
Perfect
{_201}, perfect.
Density:
1.722 g/cm3 (Measured)    1.722 g/cm3 (Calculated)
Comment:
Measured on artificial material.

Optical Data of BoussingaultiteHide

Type:
Biaxial (+)
RI values:
nα = 1.472 nβ = 1.473 nγ = 1.479
2V:
Measured: 51°
Max Birefringence:
δ = 0.007
Image shows birefringence interference colour range (at 30µm thickness)
and does not take into account mineral colouration.
Surface Relief:
Moderate
Dispersion:
perceptible r > v

Chemical Properties of BoussingaultiteHide

Formula:
(NH4)2Mg(SO4)2 · 6H2O

Crystallography of BoussingaultiteHide

Crystal System:
Monoclinic
Class (H-M):
2/m - Prismatic
Space Group:
P21/b
Setting:
P21/a
Cell Parameters:
a = 9.324(7) Å, b = 12.597(9) Å, c = 6.211(5) Å
β = 107.1°
Ratio:
a:b:c = 0.74 : 1 : 0.493
Unit Cell V:
697.26 ų (Calculated from Unit Cell)
Z:
2
Morphology:
Short prismatic [001] with {001} prominent. Massive, crusts, stalactites.
Comment:
Synthetic

Type Occurrence of BoussingaultiteHide

Geological Setting of Type Material:
Boric acid fumaroles.

Other Language Names for BoussingaultiteHide

Relationship of Boussingaultite to other SpeciesHide

Other Members of this group:
CyanochroiteK2Cu(SO4)2 · 6H2OMon. 2/m
Katerinopoulosite(NH4)2Zn(SO4)2·6H2OMon. 2/m : P21/b
Mohrite(NH4)2Fe(SO4)2 · 6H2OMon. 2/m : P21/b
Nickelboussingaultite(NH4)2Ni(SO4)2 · 6H2O
NickelpicromeriteK2Ni(SO4)2•6H2OMon. 2/m : P21/b
PicromeriteK2Mg(SO4)2 · 6H2OMon. 2/m
Forms a series with:

Related Minerals - Nickel-Strunz GroupingHide

7.CC.CobaltoblöditeNa2Co(SO4)2•4H2OMon. 2/m : P21/b
7.CC.AndychristyitePbCu2+Te6+O5(H2O)Tric. 1 : P1
7.CC.Ammoniovoltaite(NH4)2Fe2+5Fe3+3Al(SO4)12(H2O)18Iso. m3m (4/m 3 2/m) : Fd3c
7.CC.05KrausiteKFe(SO4)2 · H2OMon. 2/m : P21/m
7.CC.10TamarugiteNaAl(SO4)2 · 6H2OMon. 2/m
7.CC.15KaliniteKAl(SO4)2 · 11H2OMon. 2/m : B2/b
7.CC.15MendoziteNaAl(SO4)2 · 11H2OMon. 2/m
7.CC.20Lonecreekite(NH4)Fe3+(SO4)2 · 12H2OIso.
7.CC.20Alum-(K)KAl(SO4)2 · 12H2OIso. m3 (2/m 3) : Pa3
7.CC.20Alum-(Na)NaAl(SO4)2 · 12H2O
7.CC.20Tschermigite(NH4)Al(SO4)2 · 12H2OIso. m3 (2/m 3) : Pa3
7.CC.20LanmuchangiteTl+Al(SO4)2 · 12H2OIso. m3 (2/m 3) : Pa3
7.CC.25VoltaiteK2Fe2+5Fe3+3Al(SO4)12 · 18H2OIso. m3m (4/m 3 2/m) : Fd3c
7.CC.25ZincovoltaiteK2Zn5Fe3+3Al(SO4)12 · 18H2OIso. m3m (4/m 3 2/m) : Fd3c
7.CC.25PertlikiteK2(Fe2+,Mg)2Mg4Fe3+2Al(SO4)12 · 18H2OTet. 4/mmm (4/m 2/m 2/m) : I41/acd
7.CC.25Ammoniomagnesiovoltaite(NH4)2Mg2+5Fe3+3Al(SO4)12 · 18H2OIso. m3m (4/m 3 2/m) : Fd3c
7.CC.30KröhnkiteNa2Cu(SO4)2 · 2H2OMon. 2/m : P21/b
7.CC.35FerrinatriteNa3Fe(SO4)3 · 3H2OTrig. 3 : P3
7.CC.40GoldichiteKFe(SO4)2 · 4H2OMon. 2/m : P21/b
7.CC.45LöweiteNa12Mg7(SO4)13 · 15H2OTrig.
7.CC.50BlöditeNa2Mg(SO4)2 · 4H2OMon. 2/m
7.CC.50NickelblöditeNa2(Ni,Mg)(SO4)2 · 4H2O
7.CC.50ChangoiteNa2Zn(SO4)2 · 4H2OMon. 2/m : P21/b
7.CC.55LeoniteK2Mg(SO4)2 · 4H2OMon. 2/m
7.CC.55MereiteriteK2Fe(SO4)2 · 4H2OMon.
7.CC.60CyanochroiteK2Cu(SO4)2 · 6H2OMon. 2/m
7.CC.60Mohrite(NH4)2Fe(SO4)2 · 6H2OMon. 2/m : P21/b
7.CC.60Nickelboussingaultite(NH4)2Ni(SO4)2 · 6H2O
7.CC.60PicromeriteK2Mg(SO4)2 · 6H2OMon. 2/m
7.CC.65PolyhaliteK2Ca2Mg(SO4)4 · 2H2OTric. 1
7.CC.70LeightoniteK2Ca2Cu(SO4)4 · 2H2OTric.
7.CC.75AmarilliteNaFe(SO4)2 · 6H2OMon. 2/m : B2/b
7.CC.80KonyaiteNa2Mg(SO4)2 · 5H2OMon. 2/m : P21/b
7.CC.85WattevilleiteNa2Ca(SO4)2 · 4H2O (?)Orth.

Related Minerals - Dana Grouping (8th Ed.)Hide

29.3.7.1Mohrite(NH4)2Fe(SO4)2 · 6H2OMon. 2/m : P21/b
29.3.7.3Nickelboussingaultite(NH4)2Ni(SO4)2 · 6H2O

Related Minerals - Hey's Chemical Index of Minerals GroupingHide

25.3.1KieseriteMgSO4 · H2OMon. 2/m
25.3.2SanderiteMgSO4 · 2H2OOrth. 2 2 2 : P21 21 21
25.3.3StarkeyiteMgSO4 · 4H2OMon. 2/m : P21/b
25.3.4PentahydriteMgSO4 · 5H2OTric.
25.3.5HexahydriteMgSO4 · 6H2OMon. 2/m : P2/m
25.3.6EpsomiteMgSO4 · 7H2OOrth. 2 2 2 : P21 21 21
25.3.7CaminiteMg7(SO4)5(OH)4 · H2OTet.
25.3.8VanthoffiteNa6Mg(SO4)4Mon. 2/m : P21/b
25.3.9BlöditeNa2Mg(SO4)2 · 4H2OMon. 2/m
25.3.10KonyaiteNa2Mg(SO4)2 · 5H2OMon. 2/m : P21/b
25.3.11LöweiteNa12Mg7(SO4)13 · 15H2OTrig.
25.3.12UklonskoviteNaMg(SO4)F · 2H2OMon.
25.3.13LangbeiniteK2Mg2(SO4)3Iso. 2 3 : P21 3
25.3.14LeoniteK2Mg(SO4)2 · 4H2OMon. 2/m
25.3.15PicromeriteK2Mg(SO4)2 · 6H2OMon. 2/m
25.3.16Efremovite(NH4)2Mg2(SO4)3Iso.
25.3.18PickeringiteMgAl2(SO4)4 · 22H2OMon. 2/m : P21/b

Fluorescence of BoussingaultiteHide

Not fluorescent in UV

Other InformationHide

Notes:
Sharply astringent and saline taste
Health Risks:
No information on health risks for this material has been entered into the database. You should always treat mineral specimens with care.

References for BoussingaultiteHide

Reference List:
Sort by Year (asc) | by Year (desc) | by Author (A-Z) | by Author (Z-A)
Bechi (1864) Comptes rendu de l’Académie des sciences de Paris: 58: 583.
Popp (1872) Annalen der Chemie, Leipzig (Justus Liebig’s), Suppl. Bd.: 8: 1. (as Cerbolit).
Goldsmith (1873) Proceedings of the Academy of Sciences, Philadelphia: 28: 264.
Tutton (1905) Zeitschrift für Kristallographie, Mineralogie und Petrographie, Leipzig: 41: 328.
Goldschmidt, V. (1913) Atlas der Krystallformen. 9 volumes, atlas, and text: vol. 1: 227.
Larsen, E.P., and Shannon (1920) American Mineralogist: 5: 127.
Hofmann (1931) Zeitschrift für Kristallographie, Mineralogie und Petrographie, Leipzig: 78: 279.
Benrath and Thiemann (1932) Zeitschrift für anorganische und allgemeine Chemie, Hamburg, Leipzig: 208: 179.
Palache, C., Berman, H., & Frondel, C. (1951), The System of Mineralogy of James Dwight Dana and Edward Salisbury Dana, Yale University 1837-1892, Volume II. John Wiley and Sons, Inc., New York, 7th edition, revised and enlarged, 1124 pp.: 455-456.
Zeitschrift für Kristallographie: 117: 344-357.

Internet Links for BoussingaultiteHide

Localities for BoussingaultiteHide

This map shows a selection of localities that have latitude and longitude coordinates recorded. Click on the symbol to view information about a locality. The symbol next to localities in the list can be used to jump to that position on the map.

Locality ListHide

- This locality has map coordinates listed. - This locality has estimated coordinates. ⓘ - Click for further information on this occurrence. ? - Indicates mineral may be doubtful at this locality. - Good crystals or important locality for species. - World class for species or very significant. (TL) - Type Locality for a valid mineral species. (FRL) - First Recorded Locality for everything else (eg varieties). Struck out - Mineral was erroneously reported from this locality. Faded * - Never found at this locality but inferred to have existed at some point in the past (eg from pseudomorphs.)

All localities listed without proper references should be considered as questionable.
Botswana
 
  • North-West District
    • Ngamiland West District
[AmMin 84:194]
Canada
 
  • Saskatchewan
Greengrass, K., Last, W. M., Deleqiat, J., & Suklmn, S. (1999). Waldsea lake Revisited: Another look at the Recent History of One of Western Canada's Best-studied Meromictic lakes.
Czech Republic
 
  • Central Bohemian Region
Zacek, V., Oplustil, S., Mayova, A. & Meyer, F. R. (1995): Die Mineralien von Kladno in Mittelböhmen, Tschechische Republik. Mineralien-Welt 6 (1), 13-30 (in German).
      • Libušin
Hyrsl J., Korbel P.; Tschechien & Slowakei, Mineralien und Fundstellen. Bode Verlag, 2008. Page 268-273; Zacek, V., Skoda, R., Laufek, F., Kosek, F., & Jehlicka, J. (2019). Complementing knowledge about rare sulphates lonecreekite, NH4Fe3+ (SO4) 2· 12 H2O and sabieite, NH4Fe3+ (SO4) 2: chemical composition, XRD and RAMAN spectroscopy (Libusin near Kladno, the Czech Republic). Journal of Geosciences, 64(2), 149-159.
  • Hradec Králové Region
    • Trutnov District
      • Radvanice
Jirásek, J.: Thermal Changes of the Rocks in the Dump Pile of the Kateřina Colliery in Radvanice (Eastern Bohemia). Ostrava: VSB – Technical University of Ostrava, Institute of Geological Engineering - 541, 2001. 69 p.
Germany
 
  • North Rhine-Westphalia
    • Cologne
      • Aachen
        • Alsdorf
Blaß, G. and Strehler, H. (1993): Mineralbildungen in einer durch Selbstentzündung brennenden Bergehalde des Aachener Steinkohlenreviers. Mineralien-Welt 4 (4), 35-42. (in German); Witzke, T., de Wit, F., Kolitsch, U. and Blaß, G. (2015): Mineralogy of the Burning Anna I Coal Mine Dump, Alsdorf, Germany. Chapter 7, pp. 203-240, in: Stracher, G. B., Prakash, A. and Sokol, E. V.: Coal and Peat Fires: A Global Perspective, Volume 3: Case Studies - Coal Fires, Elsevier, 786 pp.
  • Thuringia
    • Gera
      • Ronneburg U deposit
T. Witzke & F. Rüger: Lapis 1998(7/8), 26-64
T. Witzke & F. Rüger: Lapis 1998(7/8), 26-64
Hungary
 
  • Baranya County
    • Pécs
Szakáll, S. & Kristály, F. (2008): Ammonium sulphates from burning coal dumps at Komló and Pécs-Vasas, Mecsek Mts., South Hungary. Mineralogia, Special Papers, Vol. 32 (2nd Central-European Mineralogical Conference 2008 (CEMC)), 154.
Italy
 
  • Sicily
    • Messina Province
      • Eolie Islands (Aeolian Islands)
        • Lipari
          • Vulcano Island
Campostrini I. et al - Vulcano: ein aussergewohnlicher Fundpunkt von neuen und seltenen Mineralien - MineralienWelt 2010 - nr.3 - p.40-57
            • Porto Levante
              • Faraglioni di Levante (Grotte dei Faraglioni; Grotte del Faraglione; "Grotte de Faraglione")
GARAVELLI A., GRASSO M.F., VURRO F. (1996): Mineral occurrence and depositional processes at Baia di Levante area (Vulcano Island, Italy). - Mineralogica et Petrographica Acta - 39, 251- 261.
  • Tuscany
    • Grosseto Province
      • Montieri
[C.R.Acad.Sci.Paris (1864) 58, 583; Clark, 1993 - "Hey's Mineral Index"]
Japan
 
  • Hokkaidō
    • Sorachi Subprefecture
      • Mikasa City
Shimobayashi, N., Ohnishi, M., & Miura, H. (2011). Ammonium sulfate minerals from Mikasa, Hokkaido, Japan: boussingaultite, godovikovite, efremovite and tschermigite. Journal of mineralogical and petrological sciences, 106(3), 158-163.
Lebanon
 
  • South Governate
    • Jezzine District
Kruszewski, Ł., 2018/2019. Secondary sulfate minerals from Bhanine valley coals (South Lebanon) – a crystallochemical and geochemical study. Geological Quarterly (in press)
Netherlands
 
  • Limburg
    • Kerkrade
Peru
 
  • Arequipa
    • Caylloma Province
      • Chivay District
Ciesielczuk, J., Żaba, J., Bzowska, G., Gaidzik, K., & Głogowska, M. (2013). Sulphate efflorescences at the geyser near Pinchollo, southern Peru. Journal of South American Earth Sciences, 42, 186-193.
Poland
 
  • Silesian Voivodeship
    • Mikołów Co.
      • Łaziska Górne
Lukasz Kruszewski 2005: Minerals arising in cause of underground fires of "Skalny" coal mine dump in Laziska (Upper Silesia, Poland). Mag. Thesis (unpublished); Parafiniuk, J. and Kruszewski, Ł. (2009): Ammonium minerals from burning coal-dumps of the Upper Silesian Coal Basin (Poland). Geol. Quart., 53, 341-356. http://www.pgi.gov.pl/images/stories/G_Q/53_3/parafiniuk.pdf]
    • Rybnik City Co.
Kruszewski, Ł., Fabiańska, M.J., Segit, T., Kusy, D., Motyliński, R., Ciesielczuk, J., Deput, E., (2019): Carbon-nitrogen compounds, alcohols, mercaptans, monoterpenes, acetates, aldehydes, ketones, SF6, PH3, and other fire gases in coal-mining waste heaps of Upper Silesian Coal Basin (Poland) – a re-investigation by means of in situ FTIR external database approach. Science of The Total Environment (in press)
    • Rybnik Co.
      • Gmina Czerwionka-Leszczyny
Parafiniuk, J. and Kruszewski, Ł. (2009): Ammonium minerals from burning coal-dumps of the Upper Silesian Coal Basin (Poland). Geol. Quart., 53, 341-356. http://www.pgi.gov.pl/images/stories/G_Q/53_3/parafiniuk.pdf (esp. p. 347)]
    • Wodzisław Co.
      • Radlin
Łukasz Kruszewski (2012) Unique chloride assemblage of exhalative origin from burning coal-mining dump in Radlin (Rybnik Coal Area, S Poland). Mineralogical Society of Poland Special Papers 40
      • Wodzisław Śląski
Kruszewski, Ł., Fabiańska, M.J., Ciesielczuk, J., Segit, T., Orłowski, R., Motyliński, R., Kusy, D., Moszumańska, I. (2018): First multi-tool exploration of a gas-condensate-pyrolysate system from the environment of burning coal mine heaps: An in situ FTIR and laboratory GC and PXRD study based on Upper Silesian materials. Science of the Total Environment: 640-641: 1044-1071
Russia
 
  • Chelyabinsk Oblast
Cesnokov, B., Kotrly, M. and Nisanbajev, T. (1998): Brennende Abraumhalden und Aufschlüsse im Tscheljabinsker Kohlenbecken - eine reiche Mineralienküche. Mineralien-Welt, 9 (3), 54-63 (in German).
      • Kopeisk
Pekov, I. (1998) Minerals First discovered on the territory of the former Soviet Union 369p. Ocean Pictures, Moscow
Tajikistan
 
  • Sughd
    • Zeravshan Range
      • Yagnob River
D.I.Belakovskiy data
USA
 
  • California
    • Imperial Co.
      • Salton Sea
        • Mullet Island
Adams, P., & Lynch, D. (2014). A mineralogical inventory of geothermal features southeast of the Salton Sea, Imperial County, California. Trough to trough: The Colorado River and the Salton Sea (Reynolds, R, 39-43.
Adams, P., & Lynch, D. (2014). A mineralogical inventory of geothermal features southeast of the Salton Sea, Imperial County, California. Trough to trough: The Colorado River and the Salton Sea (Reynolds, R, 39-43.
    • Inyo Co.
Mineralogical Record: 9: 113
    • Sonoma Co.
      • West Mayacmas Mining District
Goldsmith, E. (1877), On boussingaultite and other minerals from Sonoma County, California: Academy of Natural Sciences of Philadelphia Proceedings: 28: 264; Allen, Eugene T. & Arthur L. Day (1927), Steam wells and other thermal activity at “The Geysers,” California: Carnegie Institute Washington Publication 378: 45;Vonsen, Magnus (1946), Minerals at “The Geysers,” Sonoma County, California: California Division Mines Report 42: 289; Palache, C., Berman, H., & Frondel, C. (1951), The System of Mineralogy of James Dwight Dana and Edward Salisbury Dana, Yale University 1837-1892, Volume II. John Wiley and Sons, Inc., New York, 7th edition, revised and enlarged, 1124 pp.: 399; Smith, Robert Leland (1958), Some new occurrences of sassolite in the United States: American Mineralogist: 43: 1204-1205; Dunning, Gail E. and J.F. Cooper (1969a) Letovicite from The Geysers, Sonoma County, California. California Division Mines and Geology Mineral Information Service: 22: 135; American Mineralogist (1970): 55: 2103-2104; Mineralogical Record (1993): 24: 349.
Goldsmith, E. (1877), On boussingaultite and other minerals from Sonoma County, California: Academy of Natural Sciences of Philadelphia Proceedings: 28: 265; Vonsen, Magnus (1946), Minerals at “The Geysers,” Sonoma County, California: California Division Mines Report 42: 288; Murdoch, Joseph & Robert W. Webb (1966), Minerals of California, Centennial Volume (1866-1966): California Division Mines & Geology Bulletin 189: 257.
    • Ventura Co.
      • Santa Paula
Larsen, Esper Signius & Shannon, Earl V. (1920), Boussingaultite from South Mountain near Santa Paula California American Mineralogist: 5: 127-129; Pemberton, H. Earl (1983), Minerals of California; Van Nostrand Reinholt Press: 270; Palache, C., Berman, H., & Frondel, C. (1951), The System of Mineralogy of James Dwight Dana and Edward Salisbury Dana, Yale University 1837-1892, Volume II, 7th edition, revised and enlarged, 1124 pp.: 455.
  • Kentucky
    • Floyd Co.
Hower, J. C., O'Keefe, J. M., Henke, K. R., Wagner, N. J., Copley, G., Blake, D. R., ... & Silva, L. F. (2013). Gaseous emissions and sublimates from the Truman Shepherd coal fire, Floyd County, Kentucky: a re-investigation following attempted mitigation of the fire. International Journal of Coal Geology, 116, 63-74.
  • Ohio
    • Huron Co.
      • Huron River
Carlson, E. (2010), Analysis of Huron River shale fire minerals reveals two specimens New to Ohio: Ohio Geology, 2010, volume 2: 7.
  • Pennsylvania
    • Luzerne Co.
Reed, Juliet C. (1976), Annotated Biblio. of Minerals New to the Pennsylvania List 1965-1974, The Mineralogical Society of PA, Inc.: 21-22; Grant, R.W. (Sep, 1974) PA Mins. (PM) (141), Keystone Newsletter.
    • Schuylkill Co.
Palache, et al (1951), Dana 7:II: 456; Reed, Juliet C. (1976), Annotated Biblio. of Minerals New to the Pennsylvania List 1965-1974, The Mineralogical Society of PA, Inc.: 21; Grant, R.W. (Jul, 1974) PA Mins. (PM) (139), Keystone Newsletter; Roberts, et a
  • Utah
    • San Juan Co.
      • Blanding
Wendlandt, R.F., Harrison, W.J. (2006): Ammonium Sulfate Evaporites Associated With Uranium Mill Tailings Disposal Cells. American Geophysical Union, Fall Meeting 2006, abstract #V31D-0603
      • Red Canyon
Kampf, A.R., Plášil, J., Kasatkin, A.V., Marty, J., Čejka, J. and Lapčák, L. (2015) Shumwayite, IMA 2015-058. CNMNC Newsletter No. 27, October 2015, page 1228; Mineralogical Magazine, 79, 1229–1236.
 
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