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Boracite

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About BoraciteHide

Formula:
Mg3(B7O13)Cl
Colour:
Green, blue, colourless, grey, white; dark green (ferroan); colourless in transmitted light
Lustre:
Adamantine, Vitreous
Hardness:
7 - 7½
Specific Gravity:
2.91 - 3.1
Crystal System:
Orthorhombic
Member of:
Name:
Named in allusion to the composition, containing BORon.
Dimorph of:
Boracite Group. Boracite-Ericaite Series. The magnesium analogue of Ericaite and Chambersite. The orthorhombic dimorph of Trembathite.

Boracite is found in evaporite deposits, usually associated with gypsum, anhydrite and/or halite.



Visit gemdat.org for gemological information about Boracite.


Classification of BoraciteHide

Approved, 'Grandfathered' (first described prior to 1959)
6.GA.05

6 : BORATES
G : Heptaborates and other megaborates
A : Tekto-heptaborates
Dana 7th ed.:
25.6.1.1
25.6.1.1

25 : ANHYDROUS BORATES CONTAINING HYDROXYL OR HALOGEN
6 : Hexaborates
10.1.5

10 : Borates with other anions
1 : Borates with halide

Physical Properties of BoraciteHide

Adamantine, Vitreous
Transparency:
Transparent, Translucent
Colour:
Green, blue, colourless, grey, white; dark green (ferroan); colourless in transmitted light
Comment:
Very rarely pink, yellow.
Streak:
White
Hardness:
7 - 7½ on Mohs scale
Cleavage:
None Observed
Fracture:
Irregular/Uneven, Conchoidal
Density:
2.91 - 3.1 g/cm3 (Measured)    2.97 g/cm3 (Calculated)

Optical Data of BoraciteHide

Type:
Biaxial (+)
RI values:
nα = 1.658 - 1.662 nβ = 1.662 - 1.667 nγ = 1.668 - 1.673
2V:
Measured: 82°
Max Birefringence:
δ = 0.010 - 0.011
Image shows birefringence interference colour range (at 30µm thickness)
and does not take into account mineral colouration.
Surface Relief:
Moderate
Dispersion:
weak

Chemical Properties of BoraciteHide

Formula:
Mg3(B7O13)Cl
IMA Formula:
Mg3B7O13Cl
Common Impurities:
Fe(II)

Crystallography of BoraciteHide

Crystal System:
Orthorhombic
Class (H-M):
mm2 - Pyramidal
Space Group:
Pca21
Cell Parameters:
a = 8.577(6) Å, b = 8.553(8) Å, c = 12.09(1) Å
Ratio:
a:b:c = 1.003 : 1 : 1.414
Unit Cell V:
882.47 ų
Z:
4
Morphology:
Crystals usually isolated in matrix; less often in groups. Small individuals may project from the face-centers of larger single crystals. Often cubic; also dodecahedral, tetrahedral; pseudo-octahedral or cuboctahedral with {111} commonly larger and brighter than {111}. Fine granular, fibrous to plumose aggregates. NOTE: above 265° the crystal system is isometric-hex'tetrahedral - 43_m.
Twinning:
On {111} as penetration twins, rare.

Crystallographic forms of BoraciteHide

Crystal Atlas:
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Boracite no.2 - Goldschmidt (1913-1926)
Boracite no.5 - Goldschmidt (1913-1926)
Boracite no.41 - Goldschmidt (1913-1926)
3d models and HTML5 code kindly provided by www.smorf.nl.

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IDSpeciesReferenceLinkYearLocalityPressure (GPa)Temp (K)
0000382BoraciteSueno S, Clark J R, Papike J J, Konnert J A (1973) Crystal-structure refinement of cubic boracite American Mineralogist 58 691-6971973Solvayshall, Roschwitz, Germany0673
0019539BoraciteIto T, Morimoto N, Sadanaga R (1951) The crystal structure of boracite Acta Crystallographica 4 310-3161951Stassfurt, Germany0293
0019540BoraciteIto T, Morimoto N, Sadanaga R (1951) The crystal structure of boracite Acta Crystallographica 4 310-3161951Stassfurt, Germany0573
0010744BoraciteDowty E, Clark J R (1973) Crystal-structure refinements for orthorhombic boracite, Mg3B7O13Cl, and a trigonal, iron-rich analogue Zeitschrift fur Kristallographie 138 64-991973Solvayshall, Roschwitz, Germany0293
0018134BoraciteMehmel M (1932) Kristallstrukturelle Untersuchungen an Borazit _cod_database_code 1011284 Fortschritte der Mineralogie 17 436-4381932synthetic0293
CIF Raw Data - click here to close

Geological EnvironmentHide

Paragenetic Mode(s):
•  Evaporite
Geological Setting:
Bedded sedimentary deposits of gypsum and anhydrite; salt deposits; potash deposits of the oceanic type.

Type Occurrence of BoraciteHide

Place of Conservation of Type Material:
Mining academy of Freiberg 19324
Geological Setting of Type Material:
Bedded sedimentary deposit of gypsum and anhydrite.
Associated Minerals at Type Locality:

Synonyms of BoraciteHide

Other Language Names for BoraciteHide

Varieties of BoraciteHide

BromboracitArtificial Bromine analogue of Boracite
Iron-bearing Boracite
StassfurtiteA fibrous variety of Boracite from Stassfurt, Germany.

Relationship of Boracite to other SpeciesHide

Member of:
Other Members of this group:
ChambersiteMn2+3(B7O13)ClOrth. mm2 : Pca21
Congolite(Fe2+,Mg)3(B7O13)ClTrig. 3m : R3c
EricaiteFe2+3(B7O13)ClOrth.
Trembathite(Mg,Fe)3(B7O13)ClTrig.
Forms a series with:

Common AssociatesHide

AnhydriteCaSO4
AnhydriteCaSO4
CarnalliteKMgCl3 · 6H2O
DanburiteCaB2Si2O8
GypsumCaSO4 · 2H2O
HaliteNaCl
HilgarditeCa2B5O9Cl · H2O
KainiteKMg(SO4)Cl · 3H2O
MagnesiteMgCO3
Associated Minerals Based on Photo Data:
30 photos of Boracite associated with HilgarditeCa2B5O9Cl · H2O
8 photos of Boracite associated with AnhydriteCaSO4
5 photos of Boracite associated with PyriteFeS2
4 photos of Boracite associated with Hilgardite-3Tc
2 photos of Boracite associated with HaliteNaCl
2 photos of Boracite associated with EricaiteFe2+3(B7O13)Cl
2 photos of Boracite associated with GypsumCaSO4 · 2H2O
2 photos of Boracite associated with MagnesiteMgCO3

Related Minerals - Nickel-Strunz GroupingHide

6.GA.05ChambersiteMn2+3(B7O13)ClOrth. mm2 : Pca21
6.GA.05EricaiteFe2+3(B7O13)ClOrth.
6.GA.10Congolite(Fe2+,Mg)3(B7O13)ClTrig. 3m : R3c
6.GA.10Trembathite(Mg,Fe)3(B7O13)ClTrig.
6.GA.30KorzhinskiteCa(B2O4) · H2OMon. 2/m : P2/m

Related Minerals - Dana Grouping (8th Ed.)Hide

25.6.1.2EricaiteFe2+3(B7O13)ClOrth.
25.6.1.3ChambersiteMn2+3(B7O13)ClOrth. mm2 : Pca21

Related Minerals - Hey's Chemical Index of Minerals GroupingHide

10.1.1TeepleiteNa2[B(OH)4]ClTet. 4/mmm (4/m 2/m 2/m) : P4/nmm
10.1.2BandyliteCu[B(OH)4]ClTet. 4/mmm (4/m 2/m 2/m) : P4/nmm
10.1.3BerboriteBe2(BO3)(OH,F) · H2OTrig.
10.1.4FluoboriteMg3(BO3)(F,OH)3Hex.
10.1.6KarliteMg7(BO3)3(OH,Cl)5Orth.
10.1.7ShabyniteMg5(BO3)(OH)5(Cl,OH)2 · 4H2OMon.
10.1.8/9/10HilgarditeCa2B5O9Cl · H2OTric. 1 : P1
10.1.11SolongoiteCa2(H3B3O7)(OH)ClMon.
10.1.12HydrochlorboriteCa4B8O15Cl2 · 21H2OMon.
10.1.13EkateriniteCa2(B4O7)(Cl,OH)2 · 2H2OHex.
10.1.14VolkovskiteKCa4[B5O8OH]4[B(OH)3]2Cl · 4H2OTric. 1 : P1
10.1.15ChelkariteCaMgB2O4(Cl,OH)2 · 5H2O Or near, with Cl:OH = 3:1Orth.
10.1.16JohachidoliteCaAlB3O7Orth. mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m) : Cmma
10.1.17SatimoliteKNa2(Al5Mg2)[B12O18(OH)12](OH)6Cl4 · 4H2OTrig. 3m (3 2/m) : R3m
10.1.18ChambersiteMn2+3(B7O13)ClOrth. mm2 : Pca21
10.1.19Congolite(Fe2+,Mg)3(B7O13)ClTrig. 3m : R3c
10.1.20EricaiteFe2+3(B7O13)ClOrth.

Other InformationHide

Electrical:
Strongly piezoelectric and pyroelectric.
Thermal Behaviour:
Pyroelectric. At 265° the crystal system reverts to a high-temperature phase and the material becomes isotropic.
Notes:
Slowly but completely soluble in HCl. Very slowly decomposed by water.

Forms pseudomorphs after quartz (Douglashall).
Health Risks:
No information on health risks for this material has been entered into the database. You should always treat mineral specimens with care.

References for BoraciteHide

Reference List:
Sort by Year (asc) | by Year (desc) | by Author (A-Z) | by Author (Z-A)
Lasius (1787) Crell’s Chemical Journal, London: 2: 333 (as Kubische Quarzkrystalle).
Werner (1789) Bergmaennusches Journal, Freiberg (Neues Bergmannische Journal): 393 (as Borazit).
Werner (1790) Bergmaennusches Journal, Freiberg (Neues Bergmannische Journal): 234.
Westrumb (1789) Kl. phys.-ch. Abh.: 3: 167 (as Lüneburger Sedativ-Spath).
Westrumb (1801) Annales de chimie, Paris: (1): 2: 101 (as Borate magnésiocalcaire).
Kirwan, R. (1810) Elements of Mineralogy, third edition, 2 volumes, 452, 459pp.: 1: 155.
Brewster (1821) Edinburgh Philosophical Journal, Edinburgh: 5: 217.
Haüy, R.J. (1822) Traité de minéralogie, second edition, 4 volumes, with fol. Atlas: 2: 56 (as Magnésie boratée).
Hankel (1840) Annalen der Physik, Halle, Leipzig: 50: 471.
Biot (1842) Ac. sc. Paris, Mém: 18: 667.
Hankel (1844) Annalen der Physik, Halle, Leipzig: 61: 282.
Volger, G.H.O. (1854) Annalen der Physik, Halle, Leipzig: 92: 77 (as Parasit).
Rose (1856) Annalen der Physik, Halle, Leipzig: 97: 632 (Stassfurtit).
Huyssen (1865) Neues Jahrbuch für Mineralogie, Geologie und Paleontologie, Heidelberg, Stuttgart: 329 (Eisenstassfurtit).
Dana, J.D. (1868) System of Mineralogy, 5th. Edition, New York: 596, 799 (as Huyssenite, Iron-boracite).
Schultze (1871) Neues Jahrbuch für Mineralogie, Geologie und Paleontologie, Heidelberg, Stuttgart: 844.
Schrauf, Albrecht (1873) Atlas der Krystall-Formen des Mineralreiches. Vienna: Plate 36, figure 6.
Mallard (1876) Annales des mines: (7): 10: 93.
Baumhauer (1879) Zeitschrift für Kristallographie, Mineralogie und Petrographie, Leipzig: 3: 337.
Curie, J. and Curie, P. (1880) Bulletin de la Société française de Minéralogie: 3: 90.
Klein (1880) Jb. Min.: II: 209.;
Mallard (1882) Bulletin de la Société française de Minéralogie: 5: 214.
Friedel and Curie (1883) Bulletin de la Société française de Minéralogie: 6: 191.
Mallard (1883) Bulletin de la Société française de Minéralogie: 6: 122-129.
Klein (1884) Neues Jahrbuch für Mineralogie, Geologie und Paleontologie, Heidelberg, Stuttgart: I: 235.
Mack (1884) Zeitschrift für Kristallographie, Mineralogie und Petrographie, Leipzig: 8: 503.
Bücking (1895) Sitzungsbarichte der Deutchen Akademie der Wissenschaften zu Berlin: 28: 533.
Bücking (1889) Zeitschrift für Kristallographie, Mineralogie und Petrographie, Leipzig: 15: 574.
Ochsenius (1889) Jb. Min.: I: 271.
Rinne (1900) Neues Jahrbuch für Mineralogie, Geologie und Paleontologie, Heidelberg, Stuttgart: II: 108 (ferroan boracite).
Goldschmidt, V. (1913) Atlas der Krystallformen. 9 volumes, atlas, and text: vol. 1: 211.
Marbach (1913) Inaugural Dissertation, Leipzig.
Marbach in: Hintze, Carl (1921) Handbuch der Mineralogie. Berlin and Leipzig. 6 volumes: 1 [4A]: 113.
Doelter, C. (1922) Handbuch der Mineral-chemie (in 4 volumes divided into parts): 3[2]: 418.
Rinne (1924) Zeitschrift für Kristallographie, Mineralogie und Petrographie, Leipzig: 60: 67.
Gruner (1928) American Mineralaogist: 13: 481.
Gruner (1929) American Journal of Science: 17: 453.
Feng (1930) Neue Beobacht. an Boraciten, Rostock.
Hocart (1934) Bulletin de la Société française de Minéralogie: 57: 62.
Mehmel (1934) Zeitschrift für Kristallographie, Mineralogie und Petrographie, Leipzig: 87: 239 (as Alpha-boracite).
Mehmel (1934) Zeitschrift für Kristallographie, Mineralogie und Petrographie, Leipzig: 88: 1 (as Beta-boracite).
Shôji (1937) Science Report of Tôhoku University: (1): 26: 86.
Guppy (1944) Mineralogical Magazine: 27: 51.
Cady (1946) Piezoelectricity, New York, 230.
Palache, C., Berman, H., & Frondel, C. (1951), The System of Mineralogy of James Dwight Dana and Edward Salisbury Dana, Yale University 1837-1892, Volume II. John Wiley and Sons, Inc., New York, 7th edition, revised and enlarged: 378-381.
Zeitschrift für Kristallographie: 138: 64-99.
Burns, P.C. and Carpenter, M.A. (1996) Phase transitions in the series boracite-trembathite-congolite: phase relations. Canadian Mineralogist: 34: 881-892.
Grew, E.S., and Anovitz, L.M. (1996) BORON: Mineralogy, Petrology and Geochemistry, second edition, as revised (2002).
Anthony, J.W., Bideaux, R.A., Bladh, K.W., and Nichols, M.C. (2003) Handbook of Mineralogy, Volume V. Borates, Carbonates, Sulfates. Mineral Data Publishing, Tucson, AZ, 813pp.: 78.

Internet Links for BoraciteHide

Localities for BoraciteHide

This map shows a selection of localities that have latitude and longitude coordinates recorded. Click on the symbol to view information about a locality. The symbol next to localities in the list can be used to jump to that position on the map.

Locality ListHide

- This locality has map coordinates listed. - This locality has estimated coordinates. ⓘ - Click for further information on this occurrence. ? - Indicates mineral may be doubtful at this locality. - Good crystals or important locality for species. - World class for species or very significant. (TL) - Type Locality for a valid mineral species. (FRL) - First Recorded Locality for everything else (eg varieties). Struck out - Mineral was erroneously reported from this locality. Faded * - Never found at this locality but inferred to have existed at some point in the past (eg from pseudomorphs.)

All localities listed without proper references should be considered as questionable.
Australia
 
  • Tasmania
    • West Coast municipality
      • Rosebery district
        • Colebrook Hill
Bottrill, RS, unpub data 2001
  • Western Australia
    • Halls Creek Shire
      • Halls Creek Goldfield
Taylor, W.R, et all (1995), Geology of the Volcanic Hosted Brockman Rare Metals Deposit Halls Creek Mobile Zone West Australia, Mineralogy and Petrology, UWA, Vol 52, pp 209-230, 1995
Bolivia
 
  • Cochabamba
    • Chapare Province
[MinRec 32:461]
        • Cristalmayu subdistrict
          • Chocolatal (Rocko Rancho)
            • Minasmayu valley
(unpublished thesis)
          • Cristalmayu
            • Boston mine
Alfredo Petrov, field collected specimens.
            • Cristalmayu valley
Federico Ahlfeld and Alfredo Petrov specimens.
Canada
 
  • New Brunswick
    • Kings Co.
      • Cardwell Parish
        • Penobsquis
Grice, J.D., Gault, R.A., Van Velthuizen, J. (1996) Penobsquisite: a new borate mineral with a complex framework structure. The Canadian Mineralogist: 34(3): 657-665.; Burns, P.C., Carpenter, M.A. (1996) Phase transitions in the series boracite-trembathite-congolite; phase relations. The Canadian Mineralogist: 34(4): 881-892.
      • Studholm Parish
Grice, J.D., Gault, R.A., Van Velthuizen, J. (2005) Borate minerals of the Penobsquis and Millstream deposits, southern New Brunswick, Canada. The Canadian Mineralogist: 43: 1469-1487.
  • Nova Scotia
    • Cumberland Co.
      • Pugwash
Boehner, R.C. (1986) Salt and Potash Resources in Nova Scotia. Nova Scotia Department of Mines and Energy, Bulletin 5.
China
 
  • Yunnan
    • Pu'er
      • Jiangcheng County
Xiaosong Xu and Jialing Wu (1983): Acta Geoscientica Sinica 5(1); Li, M., Yan, M., Wang, Z., Liu, X., Fang, X., & Li, J. (2015). The origins of the Mengye potash deposit in the Lanping–Simao Basin, Yunnan Province, Western China. Ore Geology Reviews, 69, 174-186.
France
 
  • Grand Est
    • Meurthe-et-Moselle
Palache, C., Berman, H., & Frondel, C. (1951), The System of Mineralogy of James Dwight Dana and Edward Salisbury Dana, Yale University 1837-1892, Volume II: 380.
Germany
 
  • Lower Saxony
    • Celle District
      • Wathlingen
Weiss: "Mineralfundstellen, Deutschland West", Weise (Munich), 1990
    • Göttingen District
      • Bovenden
        • Reyershausen
Braitsch, O. (1961): Beiträge zur Mineralogie und Petrographie 8, 60-66.
    • Hanover Region
      • Lehrte
No reference listed
      • Ronnenberg
Weiss: "Mineralienfundstellen, Deutschland West", Weise (Munich), 1990
      • Sehnde
        • Wehmingen
Palache, C., Berman, H., & Frondel, C. (1951), The System of Mineralogy of James Dwight Dana and Edward Salisbury Dana, Yale University 1837-1892, Volume II: 380.
      • Uetze
        • Hänigsen
Weiss: "Mineralfundstellen, Deutschland West", Weise (Munich), 1990
      • Wunstorf
        • Bokeloh
Andreas Gerstenberg collection
    • Helmstedt District
      • Grasleben
Emser Hefte 1990(1), 11-23
    • Hildesheim District
      • Diekholzen
        • Diekholzen Potash works
Palache, C., Berman, H., & Frondel, C. (1951), The System of Mineralogy of James Dwight Dana and Edward Salisbury Dana, Yale University 1837-1892, Volume II: 380.
      • Giesen
Aufschluss 1987(4), 114
      • Leinebergland
Rob Lavinsky
    • Lüneburg District
      • Lüneburg
Bergmännisches Journal (1789) p. 378.; Palache, C., Berman, H., and Frondel, C. (1951) The System of Mineralogy of James Dwight Dana and Edward Salisbury Dana, Yale University 1837-1892, Volume II: 380.; Krul, H. (1969) Geologische zwerftochten. N.V. W.J. Thieme & Cie - Zutphen, Netherlands, 161 pp. (in Dutch).; Clark (1993) Hey's Mineral Index p. 84.
Palache, C., Berman, H., & Frondel, C. (1951), The System of Mineralogy of James Dwight Dana and Edward Salisbury Dana, Yale University 1837-1892, Volume II: 380.
  • Saxony-Anhalt
    • Börde
      • Ingersleben
        • Morsleben
http://www.mineralienatlas.de/lexikon/index.php/Deutschland/Sachsen-Anhalt/B%C3%B6rde/Morsleben/Schacht%20Bartensleben
    • Harz
      • Halberstadt
Handbook of Mineralogy
    • Saalekreis
      • Landsberg
Krüger, J. C., Romer, R. L., & Kämpf, H. (2013). Late Cretaceous ultramafic lamprophyres and carbonatites from the Delitzsch Complex, Germany. Chemical Geology, 353, 140-150. Seifert, W., Kämpf, H., & Wasternack, J. (2000). Compositional variation in apatite, phlogopite and other accessory minerals of the ultramafic Delitzsch complex, Germany: implication for cooling history of carbonatites. Lithos, 53(2), 81-100. Rollig, G., Viehweg, M., & Reuter, N. (1990). THE ULTRAMAFIC LAMPROPHYRES AND CARBONATITES OF DELITZSCH, GDR. ZEITSCHRIFT FUR ANGEWANDTE GEOLOGIE, 36, 49-54. Wand, U., Stiehl, G., Rölling, G., Mühle, K., Haase, G., & Gerstenberger, H. (1989). C, O, N and Sr isotope characteristics of carbonatites from the Central German Crystalline Zone, GDR. In Proc 5 th Working Meeting Isotopes in Nature, Leipzig (pp. 421-436).
    • Stassfurt Potash deposit
      • Aschersleben
Feit, W. (1889): Ueber Kaliborit, ein neues Borsäure-Mineral.- Chemiker-Zeitung 13, 1188; Palache, C., Berman, H., & Frondel, C. (1951), The System of Mineralogy of James Dwight Dana and Edward Salisbury Dana, Yale University 1837-1892, Volume II: 368, 376.
      • Bernburg
Palache, C., Berman, H., & Frondel, C. (1951), The System of Mineralogy of James Dwight Dana and Edward Salisbury Dana, Yale University 1837-1892, Volume II: 380; Zeitschrift für Kristallographie 138, 64-99 (1973)
Günther, W. (1999): Boracit, ein interessantes Mineral der Bernburger Salzlagerstätte. Aufschluss, Sonderband 34, 117-120.
      • Egeln
        • Tarthun
No reference listed
Palache, C., Berman, H., & Frondel, C. (1951), The System of Mineralogy of James Dwight Dana and Edward Salisbury Dana, Yale University 1837-1892, Volume II: 388.
Naumann, Zirkel: "Elemente der Mineralogie", 13th Ed., 1898; Palache, C., Berman, H., & Frondel, C. (1951), The System of Mineralogy of James Dwight Dana and Edward Salisbury Dana, Yale University 1837-1892, Volume II: 380.
      • Stassfurt
Handbook of Mineralogy
Naumann, Zirkel: "Elemente der Mineralogie", 13th Ed., 1898; Palache, C., Berman, H., & Frondel, C. (1951), The System of Mineralogy of James Dwight Dana and Edward Salisbury Dana, Yale University 1837-1892, Volume II: 380.
  • Schleswig-Holstein
    • Segeberg
      • Bad Segeberg
Palache, C., Berman, H., & Frondel, C. (1951), The System of Mineralogy of James Dwight Dana and Edward Salisbury Dana, Yale University 1837-1892, Volume II: 380; Weiss (1990) "Mineralfundstellen, Deutschland West", Weise (Munich).
  • Thuringia
    • Eichsfeld District
      • Am Ohmberg
Horst, U. (1989): Der Aufschluss 40, 115-120; Zeitschrift fUr Kristallographie, Bd. 138, S. 64-99 (1973)
    • Kyffhäuser District
      • Sondershausen
Christian Bracke and M. Kampf specimens
    • Nordhausen District
Effmert, G.; Wurth, L. (2007): Bleicherode, Thüringen: Ein Feuerwerk von Gips-Kristallen, Mineralien-Welt 6/2007, p.42-47.
    • Wartburg District
      • Krayenberggemeinde
F. Heide & E. Bader (1964): Boracit und Lüneburgit im Werra-Kaligebiet.- Chemie der Erde 23, 219-221
Kazakhstan
 
  • Aktobe Region
    • Shalkar
      • Aksai Valley
Handbook of Mineralogy Vol V p 6; Pekov, I. (1998) Minerals First discovered on the territory of the former Soviet Union 369p. Ocean Pictures, Moscow; Pekov, I.V., Zubkova, N.V., Ksenofontov, D.A., Chukanov, N.V. 2, Yapaskurt, V.O., Korotchenkova, O.V., Chaikovskiy, I.I., Bocharov, V.M., Britvin, S.N., and Pushcharovsky, D.Yu. (2017): Redefinition of satimolite. Mineralogical Magazine, ; Коротченкова, О. В., & Чайковский, И. И. (2016). БОРНЫЕ МИНЕРАЛЫ ЧЕЛКАРСКОГО МЕСТОРОЖДЕНИЯ. Проблемы минералогии, петрографии и металлогении. Научные чтения памяти ПН Чирвинского, (19), 55-65.
  • Atyrau Region
    • Inder
Pekov, I. (1998) Minerals First discovered on the territory of the former Soviet Union 369p. Ocean Pictures, Moscow; Evseev, A. A. (1995) Kazaknstan and Middle Asia. A brief Mineralogical Guide. World of Stone 8:24-30; Pekov, I. V. & Abramov, D. V. (1993): Boron deposit of the Inder and its minerals. World of Stones, 1, 23-30.
  • West Kazakhstan
    • Oral
Handbook of Mineralogy; Pekov, I. (1998) Minerals First discovered on the territory of the former Soviet Union 369p. Ocean Pictures, Moscow; Pekov, I.V., Zubkova, N.V., Ksenofontov, D.A., Chukanov, N.V. 2, Yapaskurt, V.O., Korotchenkova, O.V., Chaikovskiy, I.I., Bocharov, V.M., Britvin, S.N., and Pushcharovsky, D.Yu. (2017): Redefinition of satimolite. Mineralogical Magazine,
Laos
 
  • Khammouane Province
    • Thakhek District
GAO, X., CAI, K. Q., LI, D. R., PENG, Q., FANG, Q. F., & QIN, H. (2012). Mineralogical and geochemical characteristics and genesis of the potassium-magnesium salt deposit in Khammouan Province, Laos [J]. Acta Petrologica Et Mineralogica, 4, 011.
Poland
 
  • Greater Poland Voivodeship
    • Koło County
Jirásek, J.: Solný důl Kłodawa (Polsko). Minerál, 2004, roč. 12, č. 2, s. 98-102. ISSN 1213-0710 (excerpted from unpublished thesis Hanczke, T.: Mineralogia i petrografia soli czechstyńskich kopalni "Kłodawa". Doktroská práce, Uniwersytet Jagiellonski, Instytut nauk geologicznych, 1967.); Wachowiak, J., Pieczka, A. (2016): Motukoreaite from the Kłodawa Salt Dome, Central Poland. Mineralogical Magazine, 80, 277-289
  • Kuyavian-Pomeranian Voivodeship
    • Inowrocław County
      • Inowrocław
Praszkier, T. (2010): Mineralien aus dem ehemaligen Salzbergwerk "Solno" bei Inowrocław. Mineralien-Welt 21 (6), 32-43.
  • Lower Silesian Voivodeship
    • Lubin County
      • Gmina Lubin
Kucha H. 1979: Anilite, Cu7S4, from Lubin mine, Lower Silesia, Poland. Mineralogia Polonica, vol. 10, 89-96; Piestrzynski, A., and Wodzicki, A. (2000): Mineralium Deposita 35, 37-47.
Republic of the Congo
 
  • Kouilou Department
Henry Rauche (2009) Updated Reserve and Resource Estimate for MagMinerals Kouilou Potash Project, Republic of Congo
Russia
 
  • Buryatia
    • Mama River Basin
      • Maigunda River
Vladykin, N. V., & Sotnikova, I. A. (2017). Petrology, geochemistry and source characteristics of the Burpala alkaline massif, North Baikal. Geoscience Frontiers, 8(4), 711-719.
  • Irkutsk Oblast
    • Lower Tunguska
      • Nepa River basin
American Mineralogist, Volume 87, pages 1509–1513, 2002
    • Zheleznogorsk (Korshunikha)
Mazurov, M.P., Grishina, S.N., Istomin, V.E., and Titov, A.T. (2007): Geology of Ore Deposits 49(4), 271-284.; Mazurov et al (2007) Geology of Ore Deposits, 49, 271–284.
South Africa
 
  • Western Cape
    • West Coast District
      • Piketberg
Rozendaa, A., & Boshoff, R. (2012). Rare Earth Element Mineralogy and its Recovery from the Neoproterozoic Riviera W–Mo Deposit, South Africa. In Proceedings of the 10th International Congress for Applied Mineralogy (ICAM) (pp. 605-612). Springer Berlin Heidelberg.
UK
 
  • England
    • North Yorkshire
      • Scarborough
        • Aislaby
Palache, C., Berman, H., & Frondel, C. (1951), The System of Mineralogy of James Dwight Dana and Edward Salisbury Dana, Yale University 1837-1892, Volume II: 380.
Smith, F.W., Dearlove, J.P.L., Kemp, S.J., Bell, C.P., Milne, C.J. and Pottas, T.L. (2014) Potash – Recent exploration developments in North Yorkshire. Pp. 45-50 in Hunger, E., Brown, T. J. and Lucas, G. (Eds.) Proceedings of the 17th Extractive Industry Geology Conference, EIG Conferences Ltd. 202pp
Smith, F.W., Dearlove, J.P.L., Kemp, S.J., Bell, C.P., Milne, C.J. and Pottas, T.L. (2014) Potash – Recent exploration developments in North Yorkshire. Pp. 45-50 in Hunger, E., Brown, T. J. and Lucas, G. (Eds.) Proceedings of the 17th Extractive Industry Geology Conference, EIG Conferences Ltd. 202pp
    • Redcar and Cleveland
      • Loftus
BMS Collection; UK Journal of Mines and Minerals, No. 14 p4-7; Peter G. Embrey (1978) Fourth Supplementary List of British Minerals. Mineralogical Magazine 42:169-177; Milne, J. K. (1978). The potash deposits and their associates in the area of the Boulby mine, Cleveland. PhD thesis University of Edinburgh
USA
 
  • Alabama
    • Clarke Co.
Handbook of Mineralogy
Rocks & Min.: 64:472.
  • California
    • San Bernardino Co.
      • Calico Mts (Calico Hills)
        • Calico District (Daggett District; Calico-Daggett area)
          • Calico
Justin Zzyzx specimen
          • Yermo (Marian; Marion; Otis)
Error in 1930s State publication, uncritically copied by several later authors.
  • Louisiana
    • Ascension Parish
      • Darrow
Smith Jr., A.E. (1994) Louisiana: Mineral locality index. Rocks & Minerals: 69(3): 156-162.
    • Iberville Parish
      • Plaquemine
Hurlbut, C. S., Taylor, R. E. (1937): Hilgardite, a new mineral species from Choctaw Salt Dome, Louisiana. American Mineralogist. 22, 1052-1057.; American Mineralogist 23:898
    • Plaquemines Parish
Smith Jr., A.E. (1994) Louisiana: Mineral locality index. Rocks & Minerals: 69(3): 156-162.
R&M 69:3 pp 156-162
Smith Jr., A.E. (1994) Louisiana: Mineral locality index. Rocks & Minerals: 69(3): 156-162.
 
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