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Lévyne-Ca

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About Lévyne-CaHide

Formula:
(Ca,Na2,K2)[Al2Si4O12] · 6H2O
Colour:
White
Lustre:
Vitreous
Hardness:
4 - 4½
Specific Gravity:
2.09 - 2.16
Crystal System:
Trigonal
Name:
Originally named lévyne by David Brewster in 1825 in honor of Serve-Dieu Abailard "Armand" Lévy (14 November 1794 Paris, France - 29 July 1841 Pecq near Saint-Germain, France), mineralogist and crystallographer, Paris University, France. Lévy used the nickname "Armand", partly as a personal preference and partly to avoid anti-antisemitism. The suffix was added in 1997 by the Subcommittee on Zeolites of the International Mineralogical Association to denote the dominant exchangeable cation and distinguish it from the newly named lévyne-(Na).
Isostructural with:
The calcium-dominant member of the Levyne series.


Classification of Lévyne-CaHide

Approved, 'Grandfathered' (first described prior to 1959)
First Published:
1825
9.GD.15

9 : SILICATES (Germanates)
G : Tektosilicates with zeolitic H2O; zeolite family
D : Chains of 6-membered rings – tabular zeolites
Dana 7th ed.:
77.1.2.8

Physical Properties of Lévyne-CaHide

Vitreous
Transparency:
Transparent
Colour:
White
Streak:
White
Hardness:
4 - 4½ on Mohs scale
Cleavage:
Perfect
Perfect on the {1011}
Density:
2.09 - 2.16 g/cm3 (Measured)    2.17 g/cm3 (Calculated)

Optical Data of Lévyne-CaHide

Type:
Uniaxial (-)
RI values:
nω = 1.489 - 1.510 nε = 1.487 - 1.502
Max Birefringence:
δ = 0.002 - 0.008
Image shows birefringence interference colour range (at 30µm thickness)
and does not take into account mineral colouration.
Surface Relief:
Moderate

Chemical Properties of Lévyne-CaHide

Formula:
(Ca,Na2,K2)[Al2Si4O12] · 6H2O
IMA Formula:
Ca3(Si12Al6)O36 · 18H2O

Crystallography of Lévyne-CaHide

Crystal System:
Trigonal
Class (H-M):
3m (3 2/m) - Hexagonal Scalenohedral
Space Group:
R3m
Cell Parameters:
a = 13.4 Å, c = 22.8 Å
Ratio:
a:c = 1 : 1.701
Unit Cell V:
3 ų
Z:
9

X-Ray Powder DiffractionHide

Image Loading

Radiation - Copper Kα
Data Set:
Data courtesy of RRUFF project at University of Arizona, used with permission.

Type Occurrence of Lévyne-CaHide

Synonyms of Lévyne-CaHide

Lévyne (in part)

Other Language Names for Lévyne-CaHide

German:Levyn-Ca

Relationship of Lévyne-Ca to other SpeciesHide

Other Members of this group:
Chabazite-Ca(Ca,K2,Na2)2[Al2Si4O12]2 · 12H2OTric. 1 : P1
Chabazite-K(K2,Ca,Na2,Sr,Mg)2[Al2Si4O12]2 · 12H2OTrig. 3m (3 2/m) : R3m
Chabazite-Mg(Mg0.7K0.5Ca0.5Na0.1)[Al3Si9O24] · 10H2O Trig. 3m (3 2/m) : R3m
Chabazite-Na(Na2,K2,Ca,Sr,Mg)2[Al2Si4O12]2 · 12H2OHex.
Chabazite-SrSr2[Al2Si4O12]2 · 12H2OTrig. 3m (3 2/m) : R3m
Lévyne-Na(Na2,Ca,K2)[Al2Si4O12] · 6H2OTrig.

Common AssociatesHide

Associated Minerals Based on Photo Data:
9 photos of Lévyne-Ca associated with Erionite-Ca(Ca,K2,Na2)2[Al4Si14O36] · 15H2O
7 photos of Lévyne-Ca associated with Erionite$m2[Al4Si14O36] · 15H2O
3 photos of Lévyne-Ca associated with Bellbergite(K,Ba,Sr)2Sr2Ca2(Ca,Na)4[Al3Si3O12]6 · 30H2O
3 photos of Lévyne-Ca associated with CowlesiteCaAl2Si3O10 · 6H2O
2 photos of Lévyne-Ca associated with Chabazite-Ca(Ca,K2,Na2)2[Al2Si4O12]2 · 12H2O
1 photo of Lévyne-Ca associated with Phillipsite subgroup
1 photo of Lévyne-Ca associated with Pumpellyite-(Mg)Ca2MgAl2[Si2O6OH][SiO4](OH)2(OH)
1 photo of Lévyne-Ca associated with HydroxylapatiteCa5(PO4)3(OH)
1 photo of Lévyne-Ca associated with ThaumasiteCa3(SO4)[Si(OH)6](CO3) · 12H2O
1 photo of Lévyne-Ca associated with WollastoniteCaSiO3

Related Minerals - Nickel-Strunz GroupingHide

9.GD.05Gmelinite-CaCa2(Si8Al4O24] · 11H2OHex.
9.GD.05Gmelinite-KK4(Si8Al4O24) · 11H2OHex.
9.GD.05Gmelinite-NaNa4(Si8Al4O24] · 11H2OHex. 6/mmm (6/m 2/m 2/m) : P63/mmc
9.GD.10WillhendersoniteKCa[Al3Si3O12] · 5H2OTric.
9.GD.10Chabazite-Ca(Ca,K2,Na2)2[Al2Si4O12]2 · 12H2OTric. 1 : P1
9.GD.10Chabazite-K(K2,Ca,Na2,Sr,Mg)2[Al2Si4O12]2 · 12H2OTrig. 3m (3 2/m) : R3m
9.GD.10Chabazite-Na(Na2,K2,Ca,Sr,Mg)2[Al2Si4O12]2 · 12H2OHex.
9.GD.10Chabazite-SrSr2[Al2Si4O12]2 · 12H2OTrig. 3m (3 2/m) : R3m
9.GD.10Chabazite-Mg(Mg0.7K0.5Ca0.5Na0.1)[Al3Si9O24] · 10H2O Trig. 3m (3 2/m) : R3m
9.GD.15Lévyne-Na(Na2,Ca,K2)[Al2Si4O12] · 6H2OTrig.
9.GD.20Bellbergite(K,Ba,Sr)2Sr2Ca2(Ca,Na)4[Al3Si3O12]6 · 30H2OHex.
9.GD.20Erionite-Ca(Ca,K2,Na2)2[Al4Si14O36] · 15H2OHex. 6/mmm (6/m 2/m 2/m) : P63/mmc
9.GD.20Erionite-K(K2,Ca,Na2)2[Al4Si14O36] · 15H2OHex. 6/mmm (6/m 2/m 2/m) : P63/mmc
9.GD.20Erionite-Na(Na2,K2,Ca)2[Al4Si14O36] · 15H2OHex. 6/mmm (6/m 2/m 2/m) : P63/mmc
9.GD.25OffretiteKCaMg(Si13Al5)O36 · 15H2OHex. 6 m2 : P6m2
9.GD.25Wenkite(Ba,K)4(Ca,Na)6[(Si,Al)20O39(OH)2](SO4)3 · 0.5H2OHex.
9.GD.30Faujasite-Ca(Ca,Na2,Mg)3.5[Al7Si17O48] · 32H2OIso.
9.GD.30Faujasite-Mg(Mg,Na2,Ca)3.5[Al7Si17O48] · 32H2OIso.
9.GD.30Faujasite-Na(Na2,Ca,Mg)3.5[Al7Si17O48] · 32H2OIso.
9.GD.35MaricopaitePb7Ca2(Si,Al)48O100 · 32H2OOrth.
9.GD.35Mordenite(Na2,Ca,K2)4(Al8Si40)O96 · 28H2OOrth.
9.GD.40Dachiardite-Ca(Ca,Na2,K2)5Al10Si38O96 · 25H2OMon.
9.GD.40Dachiardite-Na(Na2,Ca,K2)5Al10Si38O96 · 25H2OMon.
9.GD.45EpistilbiteCaAl2Si6O16 · 5H2OMon.
9.GD.50Ferrierite-K(K,Na)5(Si31Al5)O72 · 18H2OOrth.
9.GD.50Ferrierite-Mg[Mg2(K,Na)2Ca0.5](Si29Al7)O72 · 18H2OOrth.
9.GD.50Ferrierite-Na(Na,K)5(Si31Al5)O72 · 18H2OMon. 2/m
9.GD.55BikitaiteLiAlSi2O6 · H2OTric. 1 : P1

Other InformationHide

Health Risks:
No information on health risks for this material has been entered into the database. You should always treat mineral specimens with care.

References for Lévyne-CaHide

Reference List:
Sort by Year (asc) | by Year (desc) | by Author (A-Z) | by Author (Z-A)
Brewster, D. (1825) Description of levyne, a new mineral species. The Edinburgh Journal of Science: 2: 332-334.
Brewster, D. (1825) Description of leveyne, a new mineral species. The Annals of Philosophy: 10: 75-76.
Dana, E.S. (1892) Dana's system of mineralogy, (6th edition), 595.
Sheppard, R.A., Gude, A.J., Desborough, G.A., White Jr., J.S. (1974) Levyne-offretite intergrowths from basalt near Beech Creek, Grant County, Oregon. American Mineralogist: 59: 837-842.
Passaglia, E., Galli, E. (1974) Levynes and erionites from Sardinia, Italy. Contributions to Mineralogy and Petrology: 43: 253-259.
Mizota, T., Shibuya, G., Shimazu, M., Takeshita, Y. (1974) Mineralogical studies on levyne and erionite from Japan. Geological Society of Japan Memoirs: 11: 283-290.
Merlino, S., Galli, E., Alberti, A. (1975) The crystal structure of levyne. Tschermaks Mineralogische und Petrographische Mitteilungen: 22: 117-129.
Wise, W.S., Tschernich, R.W. (1976) The chemical compositions and origin of the zeolites offretite, erionite, and levyne. American Mineralogist: 61: 853-863.
Vezzalini, G., Quartieri, S., Rossi, A., Alberti, A. (1994) Occurrence of zeolites from Northern Victoria Land (Antarctica). Terra Antartica: 1: 96-99.
Sacerdoti, M. (1996) New refinements of the crystal structure of levyne using twinned crystals. Neues Jahrbuch für Mineralogie, Monatshefte: 1996: 114-124.
Coombs, D.S., Alberti, A., Armbruster, T., Artioli, G., Colella, C., Galli, E., Grice, J.D., Liebau, F., Mandarino, J.A., Minato, H., Nickel, E.H., Passaglia, E., Peacor, D.R., Quartieri, S., Rinaldi, R., Ross, M., Sheppard, R.A., Tillmanns, E., Vezzalini, G. (1997) Recommended nomenclature for zeolite minerals: report of the Subcommittee on Zeolites of the International Mineralogical Association, Commission on New Minerals and Mineral Names. The Canadian Mineralogist: 35: 1571-1606.
Coombs, D.S., Alberti, A., Armbruster, T., Artioli, G., Colella, C., Galli, E., Grice, J.D., Liebau, F., Mandarino, J.A., Minato, H., Nickel, E.H., Passaglia, E., Peacor, D.R., Quartieri, S., Rinaldi, R., Ross, M., Sheppard, R.A., Tillmanns, E., Vezzalini, G. (1998) Recommended Nomenclature for Zeolite Minerals: Report of the Subcommittee on Zeolites of the International Mineralogical Association, Commission on New Minerals and Mineral Names. Mineralogical Magazine: 62(4): 533-571.
Gatta, G.D., Comodi, P., Zanazzi, P.F., Ballaran, T.B. (2005) Anomalous elastic behavior and high-pressure structural evolution of zeolite levyne. American Mineralogist: 90: 645-652.
Arletti, R., Vezzalini, G., Quartieri, S., Cámara, F., Alvaro, M. (2013) A new framework topology in the dehydrated form of zeolite levyne. American Mineralogist: 98: 2063-2074.

Internet Links for Lévyne-CaHide

Localities for Lévyne-CaHide

This map shows a selection of localities that have latitude and longitude coordinates recorded. Click on the symbol to view information about a locality. The symbol next to localities in the list can be used to jump to that position on the map.

Locality ListHide

- This locality has map coordinates listed. - This locality has estimated coordinates. ⓘ - Click for further information on this occurrence. ? - Indicates mineral may be doubtful at this locality. - Good crystals or important locality for species. - World class for species or very significant. (TL) - Type Locality for a valid mineral species. (FRL) - First Recorded Locality for everything else (eg varieties). Struck out - Mineral was erroneously reported from this locality. Faded * - Never found at this locality but inferred to have existed at some point in the past (eg from pseudomorphs.)

All localities listed without proper references should be considered as questionable.
Australia
 
  • New South Wales
    • Buckland Co.
England, B.M. (2002) Zeolites and associated minerals from the Krui Valley, Merriwa, New South Wales. Australian Journal of Mineralogy, Vol. 8, 61-71.
  • Victoria
    • Baw Baw Shire
      • Jindivick
Birch, W. D. (1989): Zeolites of Victoria, p. 98; W.D.Birch 1987. Zeolites from Jindivick, Victoria. Australian Mineralogist, July 1987, pp. 15-19; Haupt,J. (1989) Chapter 4: South Gippsland,59-65 in: Birch, W.D. (Ed.) Zeolites of Victoria,101 pp, Melbourne, 1989
Handbook of Mineralogy (http://www.handbookofmineralogy.org/pdfs/levyneca.pdf)
    • Hepburn Shire
      • Clunes
Henry, D. A (1988): Minerals from the Clunes Gold Field. Austral. Mineral. 3 (3), 43-52.
W.D.Birch 1979. Levyne from Clunes, Victoria; a new occurrence. The Australian Mineralogist, Aug 1979 pp. 119-120
Czech Republic
 
  • Liberec Region
    • Česká Lípa District
Pauliš, P., Zeman, P., Zeman, V., Sejkora, J., Malíková, R., Vrtiška, L., Dolníček, Z., Fediuk, F., Pour, O., Radoň, M. (2018) Zeolite mineralization from Heřmanice near Česká Lípa, (Czech Republic). Bulletin Mineralogie Petrologie, 26,2, 123-137 [in Czech].
Pauliš, P., Zeman, P., Zeman, V., Sejkora, J., Malíková, R., Vrtiška, L., Dolníček, Z., Fediuk, F., Pour, O., Radoň, M. (2018) Zeolite mineralization from Heřmanice near Česká Lípa, (Czech Republic). Bulletin Mineralogie Petrologie, 26,2, 123-137 [in Czech].
    • Nový Bor
Pauliš, P., Hrůzek,L., Sejkora, J., Dolníček, Z., Vrtiška, L., Malíková, R., Ekrt, B., Pour, O., Fedyuk, F., Janeček, O. (2019) Zeolite mineralization from the Zaječí vrch and Poustevna near Nový Bor (Czech Republic). Bulletin Mineralogicko-Petrologickeho, 27(2), 346-369 [in Czech with abstract in English].
  • Ústí nad Labem Region
    • Děčín District
      • Česká Kamenice
-P.Pauliš,L.Hrůzek,O.Janeček,J.Sejkora,R.Malíková(2014):Cowlesit a doprovodná mineralizace z vrchu Hackenberg u České Kamenice.Bulletin mineralogicko-petrologického oddělení Národní muzeum Praha-2/2014
Pauliš, P., Hrůzek, L., Janeček, O., Sejkora, J., Malíková, R., Pour, O., Fediuk, F. (2015) Tschernichite, Garronite-Ca and associated zeolite mineralization from Jehla near Česká Kamenice (Czech Republic). Bulletin miner.-petrolog. odď. National muz. Prag.: 23(2): 2015.
L.Hrůzek,O.Janeček,P.Fuchs: Zapomenutá zeolitová lokalita Eschlers Bergel u Kunratic u České Kamenice. čas.Minerál 6/2013
Faroe Islands (TL)
 
  • Sandoy
    • Húsavík Municipality
      • Dalur
Brewster, D. (1825): Description of levyne, a new mineral species. Edinb. J. Sci., 2, 332-334; Merlino, S., Galli, E. and Alberti, A. (1975): The crystal structure of levyne. Tschermaks. Mineral. Petrogr. Mitt. 22, 117-129
  • Sunda Municipality
    • Nesvik
Zeolite Colletion of Volker Betz. Analysis by Erick Keck.
Handbook of Mineralogy (http://www.handbookofmineralogy.org/pdfs/levyneca.pdf)
Germany
 
  • Rhineland-Palatinate
    • Mayen-Koblenz District
      • Vordereifel
        • Ettringen
[Hentschel, G., (1980): Weitere bemerkenswerte Mineralfunde aus quartären Vulkanvorkommen der Eifel, Mainzer geowiss. Mitt. 8, 169-172] [Blass, G., Emmerich, F., Graf, HW., Schäfer, Ch., Tschörtner, J., (2006): Minerale der Eifelvulkane, Version 1.0, CD, published by authors]
Iceland
 
  • Capital Region
    • Kjósarhreppur
Weisenberger, T. & Selbekk, R.S. (2009): Multi stage zeolite facies mineralization in the Hvalfjördur area, Iceland. International Journal of Earth Sciences. 98 (5): 985-999
Weisenberger, T. & Selbekk, R.S. (2009): Multi stage zeolite facies mineralization in the Hvalfjördur area, Iceland. International Journal of Earth Sciences. 98 (5): 985-999
        • Reynivallaháls
          • Snasar
Knut Edvard Larsen collection (according to Weisberger & Selbekk (2009) the levyne in this area is levyne-Ca)
  • Eastern Region
    • Djúpavogshreppur
Handbook of Mineralogy (http://www.handbookofmineralogy.org/pdfs/levyneca.pdf)
  • Northeastern Region
    • Fjallabyggð
      • Siglufjörður
Personally collected by Günter Frenz
  • Western Region
    • Borgarbyggð
      • Hvammur
Handbook of Mineralogy (http://www.handbookofmineralogy.org/pdfs/levyneca.pdf)
  • Westfjords
    • Ísafjarðarbær
Handbook of Mineralogy (http://www.handbookofmineralogy.org/pdfs/levyneca.pdf)
    • Súðavíkurhreppur
Personally collected by Günter Frenz, analyzed with raman and EDX
India
 
  • Maharashtra
    • Pune District
      • Pimpri-Chinchwad
Handbook of Mineralogy (http://www.handbookofmineralogy.org/pdfs/levyneca.pdf)
Italy
 
  • Liguria
    • La Spezia Province
      • Levanto
Bracco R., Castellaro F., Kolitsch U., 2005. Levyna-Ca e altre zeoliti da Costa Sopramare, Levanto (La Spezia, Liguria). Micro, (notizie mineralogiche), 2005 (2): 55-64.
  • Sardinia
    • Oristano Province
Passaglia E., Artioli G. and Gualtieri A. (1998) : Crystal chemistry of the zeolites erionite and offretite. Amer. Mineral. 83, pagg. 577-589.
    • South Sardinia Province
Lapis 2003(2), 21-30
  • Umbria
    • Perugia Province
      • Spoleto
Stoppa F., Scordari F., Mesto E., Sharygin V.V. and Bortolozzi G. - Calcium-aluminium-silicate-hydrate "cement" phases and rare Ca-zeolite association at Colle Fabbri, Central Italy (2010). Centr.Eur.J.Geosci. 2 (2), pag. 175-187 .; Stoppa, F., & Schiazza, M. (2014). Extreme chemical conditions of crystallisation of Umbrian Melilitolites and wealth of rare, late stage/hydrothermal minerals. Central European Journal of Geosciences, 6(4), 549-564.; Stoppa, F., Scordari, F., Mesto, E., Sharygin, V.V., Bortolozzi, G. (2010): Calcium-aluminum-silicate-hydrate “cement” phases and rare Ca-zeolite association at Colle Fabbri, Central Italy. Central European Journal of Geosciences: 2: 175-187
  • Veneto
    • Vicenza Province
      • Montecchio Maggiore
        • San Pietro
"Minerali del Vicentino - La natrolite" M. Boscardin, S. Pegoraro. Rivista Mineralogica Italiana n. 1 / 2000 pp. 4-11
Japan
 
  • Fukushima Prefecture
Matsuyama, F. (2001)
  • Shimane Prefecture
    • Oki District
      • Okinoshima
        • Oki Islands
          • Nishinoshima
Handbook of Mineralogy (http://www.handbookofmineralogy.org/pdfs/levyneca.pdf)
Romania
 
  • Brașov
    • Racoş
Szakáll, S., Kristály, F., 2010. Mineralogy of Székelyland, Eastern Transylvania, Romania. Sfântu Gheorghe-Miercurea Ciuc-Târgu Mureş. 2010.
  • Harghita
    • Odorheiu Secuiesc (Székelyudvarhely; Oderhellen)
      • Racoş (Racoşu de Jos)
Szakáll, S., Almási, E., Köllı, A., Sajó, I., Vezzalini, G. (2006): New data about the minerals of the copper ore deposit at Balan (East Carpathians) and of limestone xenolithes from basalt at Racosu de Jos (Persani Mts.), Romania. Acta Mineral.-Petrogr., Abstr. Ser. 5, p. 112. [http://www.mineral.hermuz.hu/acta_05/pdf/szakalls1.pdf]; Szakáll, S. & Kristály, F., Eds. (2010): Mineralogy of Székelyland, Eastern Transylvania, Romania. Csík County Nature and Conservation Society, Miercurea-Ciuc, Romania, 321 pp.
Spain
 
  • Castile-La Mancha
    • Ciudad Real
      • Campo de Calatrava volcanoes
        • Almagro
Calvo, M., Viñals, J., Sanz, A. and Martí, J. (2013). Zeolites and asociated minerals in the vacuoles of some of the Campo de calatrava volcanoes - Ciudad Real, Spain. Mineral Up,3, 54-69
        • Bolaños de Calatrava
Calvo, M., Viñals, J., Sanz, A. and Martí, J. (2013). Zeolites and asociated minerals in the vacuoles of some of the Campo de calatrava volcanoes - Ciudad Real, Spain. Mineral Up,3, 54-69
UK
 
  • Northern Ireland
    • Co. Antrim
      • Island Magee
Walker, G.P.L. (1959) Mineralogical Magazine 32(246), p. 202-217.
    • Co. Londonderry
      • Limavady
Handbook of Mineralogy (http://www.handbookofmineralogy.org/pdfs/levyneca.pdf)
Handbook of Mineralogy (http://www.handbookofmineralogy.org/pdfs/levyneca.pdf)
USA
 
  • Colorado
    • Jefferson Co.
      • Golden Mining District
        • Golden
Rocks & Minerals 79:4
Rocks & Minerals 79:4
  • New Mexico
    • Grant Co.
      • Alum Mountain Mining District (Alum Mining District)
        • Gila Hot Springs
Patrick Haynes
    • Rio Arriba Co.
Patrick haynes
  • Oregon
    • Clackamas Co.
      • Milwaukie
Wise, W.S. and Tschernich, R.W (1976) The chemical compositions and origin of the zeolites offretite, erionite, and levyne. American Mineralogist, V 61, pp. 853-863.
    • Columbia Co.
Handbook of Mineralogy (http://www.handbookofmineralogy.org/pdfs/levyneca.pdf)
    • Grant Co.
      • Mount Vernon
Gatta, G.D., Comodi, P., Zanazii, P.F. & Ballaran, T.B. (2005): Anomalous elastic behavior and high-pressure structural evolution of zeolite levyne. American Mineralogist. 90:645-652
    • Wheeler Co.
      • Spray
Alan Goldstein
 
矿物 and/or 产地  
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