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Springcreekite

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About SpringcreekiteHide

Formula:
BaV3+3(PO4)2(OH,H2O)6
Colour:
Black
Lustre:
Adamantine, Sub-Metallic
Hardness:
4 - 5
Specific Gravity:
3.48
Crystal System:
Trigonal
Name:
From the type locality at the Spring Creek Mine, Wilmington, South Flinders Ranges, Flinders Ranges, South Australia, Australia.
The only naturally occurring V3+ member of the Alunite Supergroup.


Classification of SpringcreekiteHide

Approved
Approval Year:
1998
7/B.36-155
8.BL.10

8 : PHOSPHATES, ARSENATES, VANADATES
B : Phosphates, etc., with additional anions, without H2O
L : With medium-sized and large cations, (OH, etc.):RO4 = 3:1

Physical Properties of SpringcreekiteHide

Adamantine, Sub-Metallic
Transparency:
Opaque
Colour:
Black
Streak:
Brownish black
Hardness:
4 - 5 on Mohs scale
Tenacity:
Brittle
Cleavage:
Poor/Indistinct
(10-12)
Fracture:
Irregular/Uneven
Density:
3.48(3) g/cm3 (Measured)    3.58 g/cm3 (Calculated)

Optical Data of SpringcreekiteHide

Type:
Uniaxial (-)
RI values:
nω = 1.858 nε = 1.817
Max Birefringence:
δ = 0.041
Image shows birefringence interference colour range (at 30µm thickness)
and does not take into account mineral colouration.
Surface Relief:
Very High

Chemical Properties of SpringcreekiteHide

Formula:
BaV3+3(PO4)2(OH,H2O)6
IMA Formula:
BaV3+3(PO4)(PO3OH)(OH)6
Common Impurities:
Fe,Al,Ca,Sr,Si

Crystallography of SpringcreekiteHide

Crystal System:
Trigonal
Class (H-M):
3m (3 2/m) - Hexagonal Scalenohedral
Space Group:
R3m
Cell Parameters:
a = 7.258(1) Å, c = 17.361(9) Å
Ratio:
a:c = 1 : 2.392
Unit Cell V:
792.03 ų (Calculated from Unit Cell)
Z:
3
Morphology:
Pseudo-cubic {10-12} crystals.
Twinning:
None observed.

Crystal StructureHide

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IDSpeciesReferenceLinkYearLocalityPressure (GPa)Temp (K)
0014903SpringcreekiteKolitsch U, Taylor M R, Fallon G D, Pring A (1999) Springcreekite, BaV(3+)3(PO4)2(OH,H2O)6, a new member of the crandallite group, from the Spring Creek mine, South Australia: the first natural V(3+)-member of the alunite family and its crystal structure Neues Jahrbuch fur Mineralogie, Monatshefte 1999 529-5441999Spring Creek mine, South Australia0293
CIF Raw Data - click here to close

X-Ray Powder DiffractionHide

Powder Diffraction Data:
d-spacingIntensity
5.90 Å(9)
3.627 Å(4)
3.073 Å(10)
2.301 Å(4)
1.971 Å(5)
1.814 Å(4)

Type Occurrence of SpringcreekiteHide

Synonyms of SpringcreekiteHide

Other Language Names for SpringcreekiteHide

Relationship of Springcreekite to other SpeciesHide

Other Members of this group:
BenauiteSrFe3+3(PO4)(PO3OH)(OH)6Trig. 3m (3 2/m) : R3m
CrandalliteCaAl3(PO4)(PO3OH)(OH)6Trig. 3m (3 2/m) : R3m
EylettersiteTh0.75Al3(PO4)2(OH)6Trig.
Florencite-(Ce)CeAl3(PO4)2(OH)6Trig. 3m (3 2/m) : R3m
Florencite-(La)LaAl3(PO4)2(OH)6Trig. 3m (3 2/m) : R3m
Florencite-(Nd)NdAl3(PO4)2(OH)6Trig. 3m (3 2/m) : R3m
Florencite-(Sm)SmAl3(PO4)2(OH)6Trig. 3m (3 2/m) : R3m
GalloplumbogummitePb(Ga,Al,Ge)3(PO4)2(OH)6Trig. 3m : R3m
GorceixiteBaAl3(PO4)(PO3OH)(OH)6Mon. m : Bm
GoyaziteSrAl3(PO4)(PO3OH)(OH)6Trig. 3m (3 2/m) : R3m
KintoreitePbFe3(PO4)(PO3OH)(OH)6Trig. 3m (3 2/m) : R3m
Kintoreite-2cPbFe3+3(PO4)2(OH,H2O)6
PlumbogummitePbAl3(PO4)(PO3OH)(OH)6Trig. 3m (3 2/m) : R3m
UM2006-23-PO:AlBiCaFeH(Ca,Bi)(Fe,Al)3(PO4)(PO3OH)(OH)6
Unnamed (As-analogue of Zaïrite)(Bi,Pb)Fe3+3(AsO4)2(OH)6
WaylanditeBiAl3(PO4)2(OH)6Trig. 3m (3 2/m) : R3m
ZaïriteBiFe3+3(PO4)2(OH)6Trig. 3m (3 2/m) : R3m

Common AssociatesHide

Associated Minerals Based on Photo Data:
2 photos of Springcreekite associated with FluorapatiteCa5(PO4)3F
2 photos of Springcreekite associated with CopperCu
2 photos of Springcreekite associated with CupriteCu2O

Related Minerals - Nickel-Strunz GroupingHide

8.BL.05BeudantitePbFe3(AsO4)(SO4)(OH)6Trig. 3m (3 2/m) : R3m
8.BL.05CorkitePbFe3(PO4)(SO4)(OH)6Trig. 3m (3 2/m) : R3m
8.BL.05HidalgoitePbAl3(AsO4)(SO4)(OH)6Trig.
8.BL.05HinsdalitePbAl3(PO4)(SO4)(OH)6Trig. 3m (3 2/m) : R3m
8.BL.05KemmlitziteSrAl3(AsO4)(SO4)(OH)6Trig.
8.BL.05SvanbergiteSrAl3(PO4)(SO4)(OH)6Trig. 3m (3 2/m) : R3m
8.BL.05WoodhouseiteCaAl3(PO4)(SO4)(OH)6Trig. 3m (3 2/m) : R3m
8.BL.05GallobeudantitePbGa3(AsO4)(SO4)(OH)6Trig.
8.BL.10ArsenogoyaziteSrAl3(AsO4)(AsO3OH)(OH)6Trig. 3m (3 2/m) : R3m
8.BL.10ArsenogorceixiteBaAl3(AsO4)(AsO3OH)(OH)6Trig. 3m (3 2/m) : R3m
8.BL.10ArsenocrandalliteCaAl3(AsO4)(AsO3OH)(OH)6Trig. 3m (3 2/m)
8.BL.10BenauiteSrFe3+3(PO4)(PO3OH)(OH)6Trig. 3m (3 2/m) : R3m
8.BL.10CrandalliteCaAl3(PO4)(PO3OH)(OH)6Trig. 3m (3 2/m) : R3m
8.BL.10DussertiteBaFe3+3(AsO4)(AsO3OH)(OH)6Trig. 3m (3 2/m) : R3m
8.BL.10EylettersiteTh0.75Al3(PO4)2(OH)6Trig.
8.BL.10GorceixiteBaAl3(PO4)(PO3OH)(OH)6Mon. m : Bm
8.BL.10GoyaziteSrAl3(PO4)(PO3OH)(OH)6Trig. 3m (3 2/m) : R3m
8.BL.10KintoreitePbFe3(PO4)(PO3OH)(OH)6Trig. 3m (3 2/m) : R3m
8.BL.10PhilipsbornitePbAl3(AsO4)(AsO3OH)(OH)6Trig.
8.BL.10PlumbogummitePbAl3(PO4)(PO3OH)(OH)6Trig. 3m (3 2/m) : R3m
8.BL.10SegnititePbFe3+3AsO4(AsO3OH)(OH)6Trig. 3m (3 2/m) : R3m
8.BL.13Arsenoflorencite-(La)LaAl3(AsO4)2(OH)6Trig. 3m (3 2/m) : R3m
8.BL.13Arsenoflorencite-(Nd)NdAl3(AsO4)2(OH)6Trig.
8.BL.13Arsenoflorencite-(Ce)CeAl3(AsO4)2(OH)6Trig. 3m (3 2/m) : R3m
8.BL.13Florencite-(Ce)CeAl3(PO4)2(OH)6Trig. 3m (3 2/m) : R3m
8.BL.13Florencite-(La)LaAl3(PO4)2(OH)6Trig. 3m (3 2/m) : R3m
8.BL.13Florencite-(Nd)NdAl3(PO4)2(OH)6Trig. 3m (3 2/m) : R3m
8.BL.13WaylanditeBiAl3(PO4)2(OH)6Trig. 3m (3 2/m) : R3m
8.BL.13ZaïriteBiFe3+3(PO4)2(OH)6Trig. 3m (3 2/m) : R3m
8.BL.13ArsenowaylanditeBiAl3(AsO4)2(OH)6Trig.
8.BL.13Graulichite-(Ce)CeFe3+3(AsO4)2(OH)6Trig. 3m (3 2/m) : R3m
8.BL.13Florencite-(Sm)SmAl3(PO4)2(OH)6Trig. 3m (3 2/m) : R3m
8.BL.15ViitaniemiiteNa(Ca,Mn2+)Al(PO4)(F,OH)3Mon.
8.BL.25PattersonitePbFe3+3(PO4)2(OH)5 · H2OTric. 1 : P1

Other InformationHide

Health Risks:
No information on health risks for this material has been entered into the database. You should always treat mineral specimens with care.

References for SpringcreekiteHide

Reference List:
Sort by Year (asc) | by Year (desc) | by Author (A-Z) | by Author (Z-A)
Kolitsch, U., Taylor, M., Fallon, G. and Pring, A. (1999c): Springcreekite, BaV3+3(PO4)2(OH,H2O)6, a new member of the crandallite group, from the Spring Creek mine, South Australia: the first natural V3+-member of the alunite family. Neues Jahrbuch für Mineralogie Monatshefte, 1999, 529-544.

Internet Links for SpringcreekiteHide

Localities for SpringcreekiteHide

This map shows a selection of localities that have latitude and longitude coordinates recorded. Click on the symbol to view information about a locality. The symbol next to localities in the list can be used to jump to that position on the map.

Locality ListHide

- This locality has map coordinates listed. - This locality has estimated coordinates. ⓘ - Click for further information on this occurrence. ? - Indicates mineral may be doubtful at this locality. - Good crystals or important locality for species. - World class for species or very significant. (TL) - Type Locality for a valid mineral species. (FRL) - First Recorded Locality for everything else (eg varieties). Struck out - Mineral was erroneously reported from this locality. Faded * - Never found at this locality but inferred to have existed at some point in the past (eg from pseudomorphs.)

All localities listed without proper references should be considered as questionable.
Australia (TL)
 
  • South Australia
    • Flinders Ranges
      • South Flinders Ranges
        • Wilmington
U. Kolitsch, M. R. Taylor, G. Fallon and A. Pring (1999): Springcreekite, BaV3+3(PO4)2(OH,H2O)6, a new member of the crandallite group, from the Spring Creek mine, South Australia: the first natural V3+-member of the alunite family and its crystal structure. N. Jb. Mineral. Mh. 1999, 529-544; [AmMin 85:1324]; Mineralogical Magazine 63, 735-741
 
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