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Blixite

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About BlixiteHide

Formula:
Pb8O5(OH)2Cl4
Originally assumed to be Pb2(O,OH)2Cl.
Krivovichev & Burns (2006) later suggested the formula to be Pb8O5(OH)2Cl4.
Colour:
Pale yellow, yellow-orange to greyish yellow
Lustre:
Vitreous, Dull
Hardness:
3
Specific Gravity:
7.35
Crystal System:
Orthorhombic
Name:
For Dr. Ragnar Blix (1898-1985), chemist at the Swedish Museum of Natural History, who performed analyses of many Långban minerals.
This page provides mineralogical data about Blixite.


Classification of BlixiteHide

Approved, 'Grandfathered' (first described prior to 1959)
3.DC.50

3 : HALIDES
D : Oxyhalides, hydroxyhalides and related double halides
C : With Pb (As,Sb,Bi), without Cu
10.2.4.1

10 : OXYHALIDES AND HYDROXYHALIDES
2 : A(O,OH)Xq
8.8.11

8 : Halides - Fluorides, Chlorides, Bromides and Iodides; also Fluoborates and Fluosilicates
8 : Halides of Pb

Physical Properties of BlixiteHide

Vitreous, Dull
Transparency:
Translucent
Colour:
Pale yellow, yellow-orange to greyish yellow
Streak:
Pale yellow
Hardness:
Cleavage:
Distinct/Good
in one direction
Density:
7.35 g/cm3 (Measured)    

Optical Data of BlixiteHide

Type:
Biaxial (+)
RI values:
nα = 2.050 nγ = 2.200
2V:
Measured: 80°
Max Birefringence:
δ = 0.150
Image shows birefringence interference colour range (at 30µm thickness)
and does not take into account mineral colouration.
Surface Relief:
Moderate
Dispersion:
r < v, strong

Chemical Properties of BlixiteHide

Formula:
Pb8O5(OH)2Cl4

Originally assumed to be Pb2(O,OH)2Cl.
Krivovichev & Burns (2006) later suggested the formula to be Pb8O5(OH)2Cl4.
Common Impurities:
Ca,Cu,Fe,Zn

Crystallography of BlixiteHide

Crystal System:
Orthorhombic
Cell Parameters:
a = 5.832 Å, b = 5.694 Å, c = 25.47 Å
Ratio:
a:b:c = 1.024 : 1 : 4.473
Unit Cell V:
845.79 ų (Calculated from Unit Cell)
Z:
8
Morphology:
Massive, in films

X-Ray Powder DiffractionHide

Powder Diffraction Data:
d-spacingIntensity
2.93 Å(10)
3.88 Å(8)
1.660 Å(8)
2.83 Å(6)
2.12 Å(6)
2.04 Å(6)
3.18 Å(5)
Comments:
Recorded on material from Långban, Sweden

Geological EnvironmentHide

Geological Setting:
Reaction product of slags immersed in sea water

Type Occurrence of BlixiteHide

General Appearance of Type Material:
Massive
Place of Conservation of Type Material:
Swedish Museum of Natural History, Stockholm, Sweden (No. 251539)
National Museum of Natural History, Washington, D.C., USA (No. 114720)
Geological Setting of Type Material:
In hausmannite-rich dolomite and manganophyllite skarn in a metamorphosed Fe-Mn orebody
Associated Minerals at Type Locality:

Other Language Names for BlixiteHide

German:Blixit
Spanish:Blixita

Common AssociatesHide

Associated Minerals Based on Photo Data:
3 photos of Blixite associated with ThorikositePb3Cl2(OH)(SbO3,AsO3)
3 photos of Blixite associated with ParalaurionitePbCl(OH)
1 photo of Blixite associated with LeadPb
1 photo of Blixite associated with SundiusitePb10(SO4)O8Cl2
1 photo of Blixite associated with CerussitePbCO3
1 photo of Blixite associated with HausmanniteMn2+Mn3+2O4

Related Minerals - Nickel-Strunz GroupingHide

3.DC.05LaurionitePbCl(OH)Orth. mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m)
3.DC.05ParalaurionitePbCl(OH)Mon. 2/m : B2/m
3.DC.10FiedleritePb3FCl4(OH) · H2OMon. 2/m
3.DC.15PenfielditePb2Cl3(OH)Hex. 6 : P6
3.DC.20LaurelitePb7F12Cl2Hex. 6 : P6
3.DC.25BismocliteBiOClTet. 4/mmm (4/m 2/m 2/m) : P4/nmm
3.DC.25Daubréeite(BiO)(OH,Cl)Tet. 4/mmm (4/m 2/m 2/m) : P4/nmm
3.DC.25MatlockitePbFClTet. 4/mmm (4/m 2/m 2/m) : P4/nmm
3.DC.25RorisiteCaFClTet.
3.DC.25Zavaritskite(BiO)FTet.
3.DC.25ZhangpeishaniteBaFClTet. 4/mmm (4/m 2/m 2/m) : P4/nmm
3.DC.30NadoritePbSbClO2Orth. mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m) : Cmcm
3.DC.30PeritePbBiClO2Orth. mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m) : Cmcm
3.DC.35AravaipaitePb3AlF9 · H2OTric.
3.DC.37CalcioaravaipaitePbCa2AlF9Tric. 1
3.DC.40ThorikositePb3Cl2(OH)(SbO3,AsO3)Tet. 4/mmm (4/m 2/m 2/m) : I4/mmm
3.DC.45MereheaditePb47Cl25(OH)13O24(CO3)(BO3)2Mon. m
3.DC.55PinalitePb3WO5Cl2Orth.
3.DC.60SymesitePb10(SO4)O7Cl4 · H2OTric. 1 : P1
3.DC.65EcdemitePb6Cl4(As2O7)Mon. 2 : P21
3.DC.65HeliophyllitePb6Cl4(As2O7)Orth.
3.DC.70MendipitePb3Cl2O2Orth. 2 2 2 : P21 21 21
3.DC.75DamaraitePb3Cl(OH)O2Orth. mm2 : Pmc21
3.DC.80OnoratoiteSb8Cl2O11Tric. 1 : P1
3.DC.85CotunnitePbCl2Orth. mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m)
3.DC.90PseudocotunniteK2PbCl4Orth.
3.DC.95BarstowitePb4Cl6(CO3) · H2OMon. 2/m : P21/m

Related Minerals - Hey's Chemical Index of Minerals GroupingHide

8.8.1AbhuriteSn21Cl16(OH)14O6Trig.
8.8.2MatlockitePbFClTet. 4/mmm (4/m 2/m 2/m) : P4/nmm
8.8.3LaurelitePb7F12Cl2Hex. 6 : P6
8.8.4CotunnitePbCl2Orth. mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m)
8.8.5MendipitePb3Cl2O2Orth. 2 2 2 : P21 21 21
8.8.6DamaraitePb3Cl(OH)O2Orth. mm2 : Pmc21
8.8.7LaurionitePbCl(OH)Orth. mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m)
8.8.8ParalaurionitePbCl(OH)Mon. 2/m : B2/m
8.8.9PenfielditePb2Cl3(OH)Hex. 6 : P6
8.8.10FiedleritePb3FCl4(OH) · H2OMon. 2/m
8.8.12PseudocotunniteK2PbCl4Orth.
8.8.13DiaboleitePb2CuCl2(OH)4Tet. 4mm : P4mm
8.8.14PseudoboleitePb31Cu24Cl62(OH)48Tet. 4/mmm (4/m 2/m 2/m) : I4/mmm
8.8.15ChloroxiphitePb3CuO2Cl2(OH)2Mon. 2/m : P21/m
8.8.17BideauxitePb2AgCl3(F,OH)2Iso. m3m (4/m 3 2/m) : Fd3m
8.8.18BoleiteKPb26Ag9Cu24(OH)48Cl62Iso. m3m (4/m 3 2/m) : Pm3m
8.8.19AravaipaitePb3AlF9 · H2OTric.
8.8.20YedlinitePb6Cr3+Cl6(O,OH,H2O)8Trig. 3 : R3
8.8.21KolaritePbTeCl2Orth.
8.8.22HematophanitePb4Fe3O8(OH,Cl)Tet. 4/mmm (4/m 2/m 2/m)

Other InformationHide

Health Risks:
No information on health risks for this material has been entered into the database. You should always treat mineral specimens with care.

References for BlixiteHide

Reference List:
Sort by Year (asc) | by Year (desc) | by Author (A-Z) | by Author (Z-A)
Gabrielson, O., Parwel, A. and Wickman, F. E. (1958): Blixite, a new lead-oxyhalide mineral from Långban. Arkiv Mineral. Geol. 2(32), 411-415. - American Mineralogist (1960), 45, 908 (abstract).
Scott, K. M. (1994): Lead oxychlorides at Elura, western NSW, Australia. Mineralogical Magazine 58, 336-338.
Anthony, J. W. et al. (1997): Handbook of Mineralogy, Vol. 3, 67.
Krivovichev, S. V.; Burns, P. C. (2006): The crystal structure of Pb8O5(OH)2Cl4, a synthetic analogue of blixite? Canadian Mineralogist 44, 515-522.

Internet Links for BlixiteHide

Localities for BlixiteHide

This map shows a selection of localities that have latitude and longitude coordinates recorded. Click on the symbol to view information about a locality. The symbol next to localities in the list can be used to jump to that position on the map.

Locality ListHide

- This locality has map coordinates listed. - This locality has estimated coordinates. ⓘ - Click for further information on this occurrence. ? - Indicates mineral may be doubtful at this locality. - Good crystals or important locality for species. - World class for species or very significant. (TL) - Type Locality for a valid mineral species. (FRL) - First Recorded Locality for everything else (eg varieties). Struck out - Mineral was erroneously reported from this locality. Faded * - Never found at this locality but inferred to have existed at some point in the past (eg from pseudomorphs.)

All localities listed without proper references should be considered as questionable.
Australia
 
  • New South Wales
    • Robinson Co.
      • Cobar
Scott, K. M. (1994): Lead oxychlorides at Elura, western NSW, Australia. Mineralogical Magazine 58, 336-338.; Chapman, J. & Scott, K. (2005): Supergene minerals from the oxidised zone of the Elura (Endeavor) lead-zinc-silver deposit. Australian Journal of Mineralogy, 11, 83-90. ; Loidl, Gernot C. (2012) The Elura Orebody: a multidisciplinary study investigating geochemical mineralogical & geometallurgical ore characteristics. PhD thesis Adelaide University; Leverett, P., McKinnon, A. R., & Williams, P. A. (2005). Supergene geochemistry of the Endeavor ore body, Cobar, NSW, and relationships to other deposits in the Cobar basin. Regolith 2005–Ten Years of CRC LEME, 191-194.
Greece
 
  • Attica
    • East Attica
      • Lavreotiki
Grolig, H. & Grolig, E. (1978): Lavrion in Attika. Lapis, 3 (5), 16-25; 40 (in German).
          • Passa Limani area
Gelaude, Piet, van Kalmthout, Piet, and Rewitzer, Christian (1996) Laurion: The Minerals of the Ancient Slags, Janssen Print, Nijmegen, The Netherlands
          • Sounion area
Gelaude, Piet, van Kalmthout, Piet and Rewitzer, Christian, (1996) Laurion: The Minerals in the Ancient Slags, Janssen Print, Nijmegen, The Netherlands
          • Thorikos area
Gelaude, Piet, van Kalmthout, Piet and Rewitzer, Christian (1996) Laurion: The Minerals in the Ancient Slags, Janssen Print, Nijmegen, The Netherlands
          • Vrissaki area
Gelaude, Piet, van Kalmthout, Piet, and Rewitzer, Christian (1996) Laurion: The Minerals in the Ancient Slags, Janssen Print, Nijmegen, The Netherlands
Sweden (TL)
 
  • Värmland County
    • Filipstad
Arkiv Min.Geol.(1958) 2, 411-415; Nysten, P., Holtstam, D. and Jonsson, E. (1999) The Långban minerals. In Långban - The mines,their minerals, geology and explorers (D. Holtstam and J. Langhof, eds.), Swedish Museum of Natural History and Raster Förlag, Stockholm & Chr. Weise Verlag, Munich, pp. 89-183.
Adolfsson, S. G. (1979): Notes on Recent Underground Collecting at Långban. Mineralogical Record. 10: 215-217
UK
 
  • England
    • County Durham
      • Bollihope District
Norman Wilson collection
    • Northumberland
      • Allendale
Norman Wilson personal collection
    • Somerset
      • Mendip
        • Cranmore
Alabaster, C.J. (1975) Proc. Bristol Nat. Soc. 34, 89, 92.; Alabaster, C.J. (1977) An occurrence of brucite at Merehead Quarry, Cranmore, Somerset. Mineralogical Magazine: 41: 406-408.; Embrey, P.G. (1978) Fourth supplementary list of British minerals. Mineralogical Magazine: 42(322): 169-177.; Anthony, J.W. et al. (1997) Handbook of Mineralogy, Vol. 3, 67.; Jambor, J.L., Pertsev, N.N., and Roberts, A.C. (1999) New mineral names. American Mineralogist: 84: 1195-1198.; Turner, R.W. (2006) A mechanism for the formation of the mineralised Mn deposits at Merehead Quarry, Cranmore, Somerset, England. Mineralogical Magazine: 70(6): 629-653.; Turner, R.W. and Rumsey, M.S. (2010) Mineral relationships in the Mendip Hills. Journal of the Russell Society: 13: 3-46.
 
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