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Christelite

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About ChristeliteHide

Formula:
Cu2Zn3(SO4)2(OH)6 · 4H2O
Lustre:
Vitreous
Hardness:
2 - 3
Crystal System:
Triclinic
Name:
Named after Mrs. Christel Gebhard-Giesen (b. 1950), the wife of Dr Georg Gebhard who discovered the mineral.
See also Unnamed (Polytype of Christelite).
Note: Some of the mineral photos may in fact show the unnamed polytype, not christelite.

Cd-bearing varieties may be confused with edwardsite.


Classification of ChristeliteHide

Approved
7.DD.25

7 : SULFATES (selenates, tellurates, chromates, molybdates, wolframates)
D : Sulfates (selenates, etc.) with additional anions, with H2O
D : With only medium-sized cations; sheets of edge-sharing octahedra

Physical Properties of ChristeliteHide

Vitreous
Hardness:
2 - 3 on Mohs scale

Optical Data of ChristeliteHide

Type:
Biaxial (-)
RI values:
nα = 1.598 nβ = 1.626 nγ = 1.635
Max Birefringence:
δ = 0.038
Image shows birefringence interference colour range (at 30µm thickness)
and does not take into account mineral colouration.
Surface Relief:
Moderate
Dispersion:
r < v weak

Chemical Properties of ChristeliteHide

Formula:
Cu2Zn3(SO4)2(OH)6 · 4H2O
IMA Formula:
Zn3Cu2(SO4)2(OH)6 · 4H2O

Crystallography of ChristeliteHide

Crystal System:
Triclinic
Cell Parameters:
a = 5.4143(8) Å, b = 6.336(1) Å, c = 10.470(3) Å
α = 94.32(3)°, β = 90.06(2)°, γ = 90.27(2)°
Ratio:
a:b:c = 0.855 : 1 : 1.652
Unit Cell V:
358.15 ų (Calculated from Unit Cell)
Z:
2
Morphology:
As thin bladed crystals, flattened on {001}.

X-Ray Powder DiffractionHide

Powder Diffraction Data:
d-spacingIntensity
10.459 Å(82)
5.230 Å(100)
3.486 Å(54)
3.157 Å(8)
2.493 Å(10)
2.355 Å(10)
1.743 Å(12)

Type Occurrence of ChristeliteHide

Synonyms of ChristeliteHide

Other Language Names for ChristeliteHide

Common AssociatesHide

Associated Minerals Based on Photo Data:
10 photos of Christelite associated with HerbertsmithiteCu3Zn(OH)6Cl2
4 photos of Christelite associated with ParatacamiteCu3(Cu,Zn)(OH)6Cl2

Related Minerals - Nickel-Strunz GroupingHide

7.DD.05FelsőbányaiteAl4(SO4)(OH)10 · 4H2OMon. 2 : P21
7.DD.10LangiteCu4(SO4)(OH)6 · 2H2OMon. m
7.DD.10PosnjakiteCu4(SO4)(OH)6 · H2OMon. m : Pm
7.DD.10WroewolfeiteCu4(SO4)(OH)6 · 2H2OMon. m : Pm
7.DD.15SpangoliteCu6Al(SO4)(OH)12Cl · 3H2OTrig. 3m : P3 1c
7.DD.20KtenasiteZnCu4(SO4)2(OH)6 · 6H2OMon.
7.DD.30CampigliaiteMn2+Cu4(SO4)2(OH)6 · 4H2OMon.
7.DD.30DevillineCaCu4(SO4)2(OH)6 · 3H2OMon. 2/m : P21/b
7.DD.30OrthoserpieriteCa(Cu,Zn)4(SO4)2(OH)6 · 3H2OOrth. mm2 : Pca21
7.DD.30SerpieriteCa(Cu,Zn)4(SO4)2(OH)6 · 3H2OMon. 2/m : B2/b
7.DD.30NiedermayriteCdCu4(SO4)2(OH)6 · 4H2OMon. 2/m : P21/m
7.DD.30EdwardsiteCu3Cd2(SO4)2(OH)6·4H2O Mon. 2/m : P21/b
7.DD.35Carrboydite(Ni1-xAlx)(SO4)x/2(OH)2 · nH2OHex.
7.DD.35Glaucocerinite(Zn1-xAlx)(OH)2(SO4)x/2 · nH2OHex.
7.DD.35Honessite(Ni1-xFe3+x)(OH)2[SO4]x/2 · nH2OTrig.
7.DD.35Hydrohonessite(Ni1-xFe3+x)(OH)2(SO4)x/2 · nH2OHex.
7.DD.35MotukoreaiteMg6Al3(OH)18[Na(H2O)6][SO4]2 · 6H2OTrig. 3m (3 2/m) : R3m
7.DD.35Mountkeithite[(Mg1-xFe3+x)(OH)2][SO4]x/2 · nH2OHex.
7.DD.35ShigaiteMn6Al3(OH)18[Na(H2O)6](SO4)2 · 6H2OTrig.
7.DD.35WermlanditeMg7Al2(OH)18[Ca(H2O)6][SO4]2 · 6H2OTrig. 3m (3 2/m) : P3c1
7.DD.35WoodwarditeCu1-xAlx(OH)2(SO4)x/2 · nH2OTrig. 3m (3 2/m) : R3m
7.DD.35ZincaluminiteZn6Al6(SO4)2(OH)16 · 5H2O
7.DD.35Hydrowoodwardite(Cu1-xAlx)(OH)2[SO4]x/2 · nH2OTrig. 3m (3 2/m) : R3m
7.DD.35ZincowoodwarditeZn1-xAlx(OH)2[SO4]x/2 · nH2OTrig.
7.DD.35NatroglaucoceriniteZn6Al3(OH)18[Na(H2O)6](SO4)2•6H2OHex.
7.DD.35NikischeriteFe2+6Al3(OH)18[Na(H2O)6](SO4)2 · 6H2OTrig.
7.DD.40Lawsonbauerite(Mn2+,Mg)9Zn4(SO4)2(OH)22 · 8H2OMon. 2/m : P21/b
7.DD.40Torreyite(Mg,Mn2+)72Mn2+2Zn4(SO4)2(OH)22 · 8H2OMon. 2/m : P21/b
7.DD.45MooreiteMg92Mn2Zn4(SO4)2(OH)26 · 8H2OMon. 2/m : P2/b
7.DD.50NamuwiteZn4(SO4)(OH)6 · 4H2OTrig. 3 : P3
7.DD.55BechereriteZn7Cu(OH)13[(SiO(OH)3(SO4)]Trig. 3 : P3
7.DD.60Ramsbeckite(Cu,Zn)15(SO4)4(OH)22 · 6H2OMon. 2/m
7.DD.65VonbezingiteCa6Cu3(SO4)3(OH)12 · 2H2OMon. 2/m : P21/b
7.DD.70RedgilliteCu6(SO4)(OH)10 · H2OMon. 2/m : P21/b
7.DD.75ChalcoalumiteCuAl4(SO4)(OH)12 · 3H2OMon. 2 : P21
7.DD.75Nickelalumite(Ni,Cu)Al4(SO4,(NO3)2)(OH)12 · 3H2OMon.
7.DD.75KyrgyzstaniteZnAl4(SO4)(OH)12·3H2OMon.
7.DD.80GuarinoiteZn6(SO4)(OH)10 · 5H2OHex.
7.DD.80Schulenbergite(Cu,Zn)7(SO4)2(OH)10 · 3H2OTrig.
7.DD.80ThérèsemagnaniteNaCo4(SO4)(OH)6Cl·6H2OHex.
7.DD.80UM1992-30-SO:CCuHZn(Zn,Cu)7(SO4,CO3)2(OH)10 · 3H2OTrig. 3 : P3
7.DD.85MontetrisaiteCu6(SO4)(OH)10 · 2H2OOrth. mm2 : Cmc21

Other InformationHide

Health Risks:
No information on health risks for this material has been entered into the database. You should always treat mineral specimens with care.

References for ChristeliteHide

Reference List:
Sort by Year (asc) | by Year (desc) | by Author (A-Z) | by Author (Z-A)
Schlüter, J. Klaska, K.-H., Adiwidjaja, G. & Gebhard, G. (1996): Christelite, Zn3Cu2(SO4)2(OH)6•4H2O, a new mineral from the San Francisco Mine, Antofagasta, Chile. Neues Jahrbuch für Mineralogie, Monatshefte 1996, 188-192.
Mineralogical Record: 28: 401.
Adiwidjaja, G., K. Friese, K.-H. Klaska, and J. Schlüdter (1996): The crystal structure of christelite Zn3Cu2(SO4)2(OH)6•4H2O. Zeits. Kristallogr., 211, 518–521.

Internet Links for ChristeliteHide

Localities for ChristeliteHide

This map shows a selection of localities that have latitude and longitude coordinates recorded. Click on the symbol to view information about a locality. The symbol next to localities in the list can be used to jump to that position on the map.

Locality ListHide

- This locality has map coordinates listed. - This locality has estimated coordinates. ⓘ - Click for further information on this occurrence. ? - Indicates mineral may be doubtful at this locality. - Good crystals or important locality for species. - World class for species or very significant. (TL) - Type Locality for a valid mineral species. (FRL) - First Recorded Locality for everything else (eg varieties). Struck out - Mineral was erroneously reported from this locality. Faded * - Never found at this locality but inferred to have existed at some point in the past (eg from pseudomorphs.)

All localities listed without proper references should be considered as questionable.
Australia
 
  • New South Wales
    • Yancowinna Co.
      • Broken Hill district
        • Broken Hill
John Haupt collection (analysed by Peter Elliott)
Canada
 
  • Northwest Territories
    • Mackenzie Mountains
      • Nahanni River area
Stavinga, D., Jamieson, H., Layton-Matthews, D., Paradis, S., & Falck, H. (2017). Geochemical and mineralogical controls on metal (loid) mobility in the oxide zone of the Prairie Creek Deposit, NWT. Geochemistry: Exploration, Environment, Analysis, 17(1), 21-33.
Chile (TL)
 
  • Antofagasta
    • Antofagasta Province
      • Sierra Gorda
        • Caracoles
Neues Jahrbuch Min. Mon.: 1996:188-192.
Greece
 
  • Attica
    • East Attica
      • Lavreotiki
Kolitsch, U., Rieck, B., Brandstätter, F., Schreiber, F., Fabritz, K. H., Blaß, G. & Gröbner, J. (2014): Neufunde aus dem altem Bergbau und den Schlacken von Lavrion (I). Mineralien-Welt 25 (1), 60-75 (in German). [identification announced; no description given yet]
          • Km 3
            • Kaminiza mines
Rieck, B., Kolitsch, U., Voudouris, P., Giester, G. and Tzeferis, P. (2018): Weitere Neufunde aus Lavrion, Griechenland. Mineralien-Welt 29 (5), 32-77 (in German).
          • Sounion
            • Cato Sounio mines
Rieck, B., Kolitsch, U., Voudouris, P., Giester, G. and Tzeferis, P. (2018): Weitere Neufunde aus Lavrion, Griechenland. Mineralien-Welt 29 (5), 32-77 (in German).
 
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