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About BismocliteHide

Cream-white, greyish, yellowish brown; colourless in thin section
Greasy, Silky, Pearly, Dull, Earthy
2 - 2½
Specific Gravity:
Crystal System:
In allusion to the ions it is apparently composed of: BISMuth, Oxide and ChLoride.
Matlockite Group.

Very plastic.

In contrast to many bismuth oxycompounds, this mineral does not contain the typical bismuthyl cation (BiO)+.

May be confused with the Bi carbonates bismutite, beyerite and others.

Classification of BismocliteHide

Approved, 'Grandfathered' (first described prior to 1959)

D : Oxyhalides, hydroxyhalides and related double halides
C : With Pb (As,Sb,Bi), without Cu

2 : A(O,OH)Xq

8 : Halides - Fluorides, Chlorides, Bromides and Iodides; also Fluoborates and Fluosilicates
9 : Halides of Sb and Bi

Physical Properties of BismocliteHide

Greasy, Silky, Pearly, Dull, Earthy
Transparent, Translucent
Cream-white, greyish, yellowish brown; colourless in thin section
2 - 2½ on Mohs scale
On {001}
7.36 g/cm3 (Measured)    7.784 g/cm3 (Calculated)

Optical Data of BismocliteHide

Uniaxial (-)
RI values:
nω = 2.150 nε = 1.910
Max Birefringence:
δ = 0.240
Image shows birefringence interference colour range (at 30µm thickness)
and does not take into account mineral colouration.
Surface Relief:
Very High

Chemical Properties of BismocliteHide

Common Impurities:

Crystallography of BismocliteHide

Crystal System:
Class (H-M):
4/mmm (4/m 2/m 2/m) - Ditetragonal Dipyramidal
Space Group:
Cell Parameters:
a = 3.887 Å, c = 7.354 Å
a:c = 1 : 1.892
Unit Cell V:
111.11 ų (Calculated from Unit Cell)
Crystals minute, scaly or thin rectangular, rarely with corners truncated at 45°; often columnar-fibrous, earthy, compact or massive.

Crystal StructureHide

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2x2x2 | 3x3x3 | 4x4x4
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IDSpeciesReferenceLinkYearLocalityPressure (GPa)Temp (K)
0011038BismocliteKeramidas K G, Voutsas G P, Rentzeperis P I (1993) The crystal structure of BiOCl Zeitschrift fur Kristallographie 205 35-401993synthetic0293
0011841BismocliteWyckoff R W G (1963) Second edition. Interscience Publishers, New York, New York Crystal Structures 1 294-29619630293
0014435BismocliteBannister F A (1935) The crystal-structure of the bismuth oxyhalides Mineralogical Magazine 24 49-581935synthetic0293
0018052BismocliteBannister F (1934) Crystal structure of bismuth oxyhalides _cod_database_code 1011175 Nature (London) 134 856-85719340293
CIF Raw Data - click here to close

X-Ray Powder DiffractionHide

Powder Diffraction Data:
3.44 Å(100)
2.677 Å(95)
2.753 Å(75)
7.38 Å(40)
1.946 Å(35)
2.205 Å(30)
1.574 Å(30)
Recorded on synthetic material

Geological EnvironmentHide

Geological Setting:
In granite pegmatites; in greisen

Type Occurrence of BismocliteHide

Geological Setting of Type Material:
In an alluvial specimen, found near bismuth-bearing granite pegmatites
Associated Minerals at Type Locality:

Other Language Names for BismocliteHide

Simplified Chinese:氯铋矿
Traditional Chinese:氯鉍礦

Relationship of Bismoclite to other SpeciesHide

Other Members of this group:
DaubréeiteBiO(OH)Tet. 4/mmm (4/m 2/m 2/m) : P4/nmm
LaurionitePbCl(OH)Orth. mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m)
MatlockitePbFClTet. 4/mmm (4/m 2/m 2/m) : P4/nmm
ParalaurionitePbCl(OH)Mon. 2/m : B2/m

Common AssociatesHide

Associated Minerals Based on Photo Data:
4 photos of Bismoclite associated with QuartzSiO2
3 photos of Bismoclite associated with BismuthBi
3 photos of Bismoclite associated with Bismutite(BiO)2CO3
2 photos of Bismoclite associated with BismuthiniteBi2S3
2 photos of Bismoclite associated with BismiteBi2O3
2 photos of Bismoclite associated with BeyeriteCa(BiO)2(CO3)2
2 photos of Bismoclite associated with BertranditeBe4(Si2O7)(OH)2
1 photo of Bismoclite associated with BaryteBaSO4
1 photo of Bismoclite associated with PharmacosideriteKFe3+4(AsO4)3(OH)4 · 6-7H2O
1 photo of Bismoclite associated with GoldAu

Related Minerals - Nickel-Strunz GroupingHide

3.DC.05LaurionitePbCl(OH)Orth. mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m)
3.DC.05ParalaurionitePbCl(OH)Mon. 2/m : B2/m
3.DC.10FiedleritePb3FCl4(OH) · H2OMon. 2/m
3.DC.15PenfielditePb2Cl3(OH)Hex. 6 : P6
3.DC.20LaurelitePb7F12Cl2Hex. 6 : P6
3.DC.25DaubréeiteBiO(OH)Tet. 4/mmm (4/m 2/m 2/m) : P4/nmm
3.DC.25MatlockitePbFClTet. 4/mmm (4/m 2/m 2/m) : P4/nmm
3.DC.25ZhangpeishaniteBaFClTet. 4/mmm (4/m 2/m 2/m) : P4/nmm
3.DC.30NadoritePbSbClO2Orth. mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m) : Cmcm
3.DC.30PeritePbBiClO2Orth. mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m) : Cmcm
3.DC.35AravaipaitePb3AlF9 · H2OTric.
3.DC.37CalcioaravaipaitePbCa2AlF9Tric. 1
3.DC.40ThorikositePb3Cl2(OH)(SbO3,AsO3)Tet. 4/mmm (4/m 2/m 2/m) : I4/mmm
3.DC.45MereheaditePb47Cl25(OH)13O24(CO3)(BO3)2Mon. m
3.DC.60SymesitePb10(SO4)O7Cl4 · H2OTric. 1 : P1
3.DC.65EcdemitePb6Cl4(As2O7)Mon. 2 : P21
3.DC.70MendipitePb3Cl2O2Orth. 2 2 2 : P21 21 21
3.DC.75DamaraitePb3Cl(OH)O2Orth. mm2 : Pmc21
3.DC.80OnoratoiteSb8Cl2O11Tric. 1 : P1
3.DC.85CotunnitePbCl2Orth. mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m)
3.DC.95BarstowitePb4Cl6(CO3) · H2OMon. 2/m : P21/m

Related Minerals - Dana Grouping (8th Ed.)HideéeiteBiO(OH)Tet. 4/mmm (4/m 2/m 2/m) : P4/nmm

Related Minerals - Hey's Chemical Index of Minerals GroupingHide

8.9.1OnoratoiteSb8Cl2O11Tric. 1 : P1
8.9.2Kelyanite[Hg2]2+6Sb3+BrCl2O6Trig. 3
8.9.6DaubréeiteBiO(OH)Tet. 4/mmm (4/m 2/m 2/m) : P4/nmm
8.9.7PeritePbBiClO2Orth. mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m) : Cmcm

Other InformationHide

Totally soluble in acids. Re-precipitates upon considerable dilution.

Very plastic.
Health Risks:
No information on health risks for this material has been entered into the database. You should always treat mineral specimens with care.

References for BismocliteHide

Reference List:
Sort by Year (asc) | by Year (desc) | by Author (A-Z) | by Author (Z-A)
Means (1916) American Journal of Science: 41: 125 (as Daubréeite ?).
Larsen, E.S. (1921) The Microscopic Determination of the Nonopaque Minerals, First edition, USGS Bulletin 679: 66.
Bannister (1935) Mineralogical Magazine: 24: 49.
Mountain (1935) Mineralogical Magazine: 24: 59.
American Mineralogist (1935), 20, 813.
Mountain, E. D. (1937): Two new bismuth minerals from South Africa. Mineralogical Magazine 24, 59-64.
Frondel, C. (1943) American Mineralogist: 28: 526.
Palache, Charles, Harry Berman & Clifford Frondel (1951), The System of Mineralogy of James Dwight Dana and Edward Salisbury Dana Yale University 1837-1892, Volume II: Halides, Nitrates, Borates, Carbonates, Sulfates, Phosphates, Arsenates, Tungstates, Molybdates, Etc. John Wiley and Sons, Inc., New York, 7th edition, revised and enlarged: 60-62.
Keramidas, K. G., Voutsas, G. P. and Rentzepris, P. I. (1993): The crystal structure of BiOCl. Zeitschrift für Kristallographie 205, 35-40.
Anthony, J. W. et al. (1997): Handbook of Mineralogy, Vol. 3, 61.

Internet Links for BismocliteHide

Localities for BismocliteHide

This map shows a selection of localities that have latitude and longitude coordinates recorded. Click on the symbol to view information about a locality. The symbol next to localities in the list can be used to jump to that position on the map.

Locality ListHide

- This locality has map coordinates listed. - This locality has estimated coordinates. ⓘ - Click for further information on this occurrence. ? - Indicates mineral may be doubtful at this locality. - Good crystals or important locality for species. - World class for species or very significant. (TL) - Type Locality for a valid mineral species. (FRL) - First Recorded Locality for everything else (eg varieties). Struck out - Mineral was erroneously reported from this locality. Faded * - Never found at this locality but inferred to have existed at some point in the past (eg from pseudomorphs.)

All localities listed without proper references should be considered as questionable.
  • San Juan Province
    • Calingasta Department
      • Calingasta
Testa, F.J., Cooke, D.R., Zhang, L., Mas, G.R. (2016): Bismoclite (BiOCl) in the San Francisco de los Andes Bi–Cu–Au Deposit, Argentina. First Occurrence of a Bismuth Oxychloride in a Magmatic–Hydrothermal Breccia Pipe and Its Usefulness as an Indicator Phase in Mineral Exploration. Minerals, 6, 62, doi:10.3390/min6030062; (2016)
    • Iglesia Department
      • Tudcum
        • Frontera mining district
Rudashevsky, N.S. & Rudashevsky, V.N. (2018): Mineral processing of poor sulfide Au-Ag ores of the volcanogenic formation (Veladero deposit, Argentina). Zapiski RMO (Proceedings of the Russian Mineralogical Society) 147, 101-120.
  • New South Wales
    • Blaxland Co.
      • Mount Allen
Gilligan, L.B., Suppel, D.W. (1993) Metallogenic Study and Mineral Deposit Data Sheets: Nymagee 1:250 000 Metallogenic Map (SI/55-2). Geological Survey of New South Wales, Sydney, 171 pages.
    • Bourke Co.
      • Ardlethan
Palache, C., Berman, H., & Frondel, C. (1951), The System of Mineralogy of James Dwight Dana and Edward Salisbury Dana, Yale University 1837-1892, Volume II: 62; Anthony, J. W. et al. (1997): Handbook of Mineralogy, Vol. 3, 61
Palache, C., Berman, H., & Frondel, C. (1951), The System of Mineralogy of James Dwight Dana and Edward Salisbury Dana, Yale University 1837-1892, Volume II: 1093. Frondel, C. (1928) New Data on Agricolite, Bismoclite, Koechlinite and the Bismuth Arsenates, American Mineralogist, Vol.28, Nos.9 and 10, pp 536-540.
    • Clive Co.
NHM Vienna collection (intergrown with zavaritskite, on catalogued zavaritskite specimen; EDS-analysed)
    • Gough Co.
      • Elsmore
Rankin, J., Sharpe, J.L., Williams, P.A. (2008) Mineralogical note: Waylandite from Elsmore, New South Wales. Australian Journal of Mineralogy, 14:2, 79-80. Rankin, J., Lawrence, L.J., Sharpe, J.L., Williams, P.A. (2002) Rare secondary bismuth, tungsten and molybdenum minerals from Elsmore, New England district of New South Wales. Australian Journal of Mineralogy, 8:1, 55-60.
      • Kingsgate
Sharpe, J.L., Williams, P.A. (2004) Secondary bismuth and molybdenum minerals from Kingsgate, New England district of New South Wales. Australian Journal of Mineralogy, 10(1), 7-12.
  • Queensland
    • Tablelands Region
R Bottrill, 2015, unpub rept
  • South Australia
    • Eyre Peninsula
      • Middleback Range
        • Iron Knob
Pring, A., Francis, G. & Birch, W. D. (1992): Nissonite, namibite, and other additions to the mineral suite from Iron Monarch, South Australia. Australian Mineral. 6, 31-39; [MinRec 29:164]
    • Stuart Shelf
      • Roxby Downs
Ehrig, K., McPhie, J., Kamenetsky, V. (2012) Geology and mineralogical zonation of the Olympic Dam iron oxide Cu-U-Au-Ag deposit, South Australia. Economic Geology Special Publication 16, pg. 237-267.
  • Tasmania
    • Kentish municipality
      • Moina - Middlesex District
Tim Murphy pers comm
  • Victoria
    • Golden Plains Shire
      • Pittong
Birch, W.D., Grey, I.E., Mills, S.J., Bougerol, C., Pring, A., Ansermet, S. (2007) Pittongite, a new secondary tungstate from Pittong, Victoria, Australia. Canadian Mineralogist, 45, 857-864.
    • Swan Hill Rural City
      • Lake Boga
Confirmed by Peter Elliot
  • Western Australia
    • Coolgardie Shire
      • Coolgardie
Simpson Mineral Collection of the Western Australian Museum.
      • Nepean
Simpson Mineral Collection of the Western Australian Museum.
    • Leonora Shire
Grguric, B.A., Madsen, I.C. (2002) Bismoclite from the Leinster area, Western Australia. Australian Journal of Mineralogy, Vol. 8, No. 2, pg. 83-85.
    • Yilgarn shire
      • Mount Holland pegmatite field
Anthony, J. W. et al. (1997): Handbook of Mineralogy, Vol. 3, 61
  • Styria
    • Leoben District
      • Kammern im Liesingtal
        • Seiz
          • Wolfsgruben (Wolfgruben)
Auer, C. (2019): Die Mineralien der Wolfsgrube bei Seiz im Liesingtal. Der Steirische Mineralog, 34, 5-11.
  • Potosí
    • Nor Chichas Province
[MinRec 32:481]
Salomon Rivas y Federico Ahlfeld (1998) Los Minerales de Bolivia y sus Parajes. (Santa Cruz); Amer.Min.(1982) 67, 833-840
    • Rafael Bustillo
      • Llallagua
Mineralogical Record: 32: 474.; Hyrsl, J. & A. Petrov (2006): Famous Mineral Localities: Llallagua, Bolivia. Mineralogical Record. 37: 117-162
  • Bahia
    • Juazeiro
Färber, G. & Witzke, T. (2011): Exotische Pseudomorphosen aus Brasilien: Waylandit nach Wismutglanz. Lapis 36 (5), 42-43.
  • Pará
    • Curionópolis
Teixeira, A. S. (2014). Geologia, petrologia e geocronologia do complexo acamadado lago grande: evidência para uma suíte magmática mineralizada a egp na província mineral de Carajás, Brasil.
  • Paraíba
    • Pedra Lavrada
A. Bhaskara Rao and M. S. Adusumilli (1965): Bismoclite from Brazil. Can. Mineral. 8, 390-391.
    • Picuí
Fernando Brederodes Collection
  • Rio de Janeiro
    • Saquarema
Cassedame, J. P., Menezes, S. de O., Mantovano, J. L. (1986): Discovery of bismuth-containing minerals in pegmatite from the State of Rio de Janeiro. Mineracao Metalurgia 50, 39-40, 42, 44-46 (in Portuguese).
  • Rio Grande do Norte
    • Equador
Re-entry of old data; Färber, G. & Witzke, T. (2011): Exotische Pseudomorphosen aus Brasilien: Waylandit nach Wismutglanz. Lapis 36 (5), 42-43.
  • Ontario
    • Sudbury District
      • Levack Township
Li, C. & Naldrett, A.J. (1993) Platinum-group minerals from the Deep Copper zone of the Strathcona deposit, Sudbury, Ontario. Canadian Mineralogist: 31: 31-44.
  • Antofagasta
    • Antofagasta Province
      • Santa Catalina
        • Guanaco (Huanaco)
M. Dini collection
  • Atacama
    • Copiapó Province
      • Tierra Amarilla
        • Pampa Larga mining district
          • Alacrán
samples analysed by Gerhard Moehn and Joy Desor
  • Corsica
    • Corse-du-Sud
      • Sartène
        • Figari
          • Testa
Lheur, C., Meisser,N., Pecorini, R. and Steinmetz, A. (2011): Nouveautés minéralogiques en Corse. La Régne Minéral. 102: 33-40
  • Provence-Alpes-Côte d'Azur
    • Var
      • Le Pradet
        • Cap Garonne Mine
Cap Garonne mine museum and CLAUDE jm collection
  • Baden-Württemberg
    • Freiburg Region
      • Rottweil
        • Schenkenzell
          • Wittichen
            • Böckelsbach valley
Walenta, K. (1992) Die Mineralien des Schwarzwaldes und ihre Fundstellan. Christian Weise Verlag, München, 336 pages [in German].
            • Burgfelsen
No reference listed
            • Heubach Valley
No reference listed
  • North Rhine-Westphalia
    • Arnsberg
      • Siegen-Wittgenstein
        • Siegen
          • Gosenbach
Wittern: "Mineralfundorte in Deutschland", 2001
  • Rhineland-Palatinate
    • Altenkirchen District
      • Daaden-Herdorf
        • Schutzbach
Desor, J. (04/2020) SEM-EDS & Raman spectroscopy
  • Attica
    • East Attica
      • Lavreotiki
        • Lavrion mining district
          • Agios Konstantinos (Kamariza)
            • Kamariza Mines (Kamareza Mines)
Rieck, B., Kolitsch, U., Voudouris, P., Giester, G. and Tzeferis, P. (2018): Weitere Neufunde aus Lavrion, Griechenland. Mineralien-Welt 29 (5), 32-77 (in German).
          • Sounion
            • Cato Sounio mines
Wendel, W. & Rieck, B. (1999c): Lavrion: Die komplette Mineralliste. Lapis, 24 (7-8), 61-63.
Gelaude, Piet, van Kalmthout, Piet and Rewitzer, Christian, Laurion: The Minerals in the Ancient Slags
  • Sardinia
    • Metropolitan City of Cagliari
      • Sarroch
Orlandi, P., Demartin, F., Pasero, M., Leveret,P., William, P.A., Hibbs,D.E., (2011), Gelosaite BiMo6+(2–5x)Mo5+6xO7(OH)·H2O (0 ≤ x ≤ 0.4), a new mineral from Su Senargiu (CA), Sardinia, Italy, and a second occurrence from Kingsgate, New England, Australia. Am. Min.: 96: 268 - 273. ; Orlandi P., Gelosa M., Bonacina E., Caboni F., Mamberti M., Tanca G.A., Vinci A. (2015): Sette nuove specie mineralogiche della Sardegna. I minerali della mineralizzazione a molibdeno e bismuto di Su Seinargiu (CA). Riv. Mineral. Ital., 39, 2, 84-115.
    • Sassari Province
      • La Maddalena
        • La Maddalena Island
Billows, E. (1941): I minerali della Sardegna ed i loro giacimenti. Sardegna Mineraria, Istituto per gli studi Sardi, Regia Università di Cagliari.
    • South Sardinia Province
      • Gonnosfanadiga
        • Fenugu Sibiri Mine
Caboni, F., Mamberti, M., Tanca, G.A., Vinci, A., Bittarello, E., Marengo, A., Brizio, P., Bracco, R., Baralis, L., Desor, J., Ciriotti, M.E. (2018): Arseniati, arseniuri e altre novità di Pira Inferida - Fenugu Sibiri, Gonnosfanadiga, Sud Sardegna. Micro, 16, 110-156 (in Italian with abstracts in English, French and German).
  • Sicily
    • Messina Province
      • Eolie Islands (Aeolian Islands)
        • Lipari
          • Vulcano Island
Demartin, F., Gramaccioli, C.M. & Campostrini, I. (2009): Demicheleite-(Cl), a new mineral from La Fossa crater, Vulcano, Aeolian Islands, Italy. American Mineralogist 94, 1045-1048; Demartin, F., Gramaccioli, C.M., Campostrini, I. (2010): Demicheleite-(I), BiSI, a new mineral from La Fossa Crater, Vulcano, Aeolian Islands, Italy. Mineralogical Magazine, 74, 141-145.; Campostrini I. et al - Vulcano: ein aussergewohnlicher Fundpunkt von neuen und seltenen Mineralien - MineralienWelt 2010 - nr.3 - p.40-57
  • Tuscany
    • Livorno Province
      • Rio
        • Rio Marina
Maggie Wilson
G. Marinelli, 1959 - I minerali di bismuto del cantiere Falcacci a Rio Marina (Isola d'Elba). - Atti Soc. Tosc. Sc. Nat., Mem. Serie A, 66: 337-352.; Senesi, F., Hanauer, M. & Rogner, P. (2013): I minerali di bismuto di Rio Marina, Isola d'Elba. Rivista Mineralogica Italiana, 4/2013, 234-242
  • Kagoshima Prefecture
    • Kumage District
      • Yakushima
        • Yakushima Island
Hori Mineralogy, Tokyo
  • Tochigi Prefecture
    • Nikko City
      • Ashio
Ii & Hori (1992) Koubutsu-Gakkai Kou'en-Youshi, 159.
  • Karaganda Region
    • Karazhal
      • Betpakdala Desert (Bet-Pak-Dal Desert)
P.M. Kartashov data; Evseev, A. A. (1995) Kazaknstan and Middle Asia. A brief Mineralogical Guide. World of Stone 8:24-30
  • Erongo Region
    • Karibib Constituency
      • Okongava Ost Farm 72
- Bezing, L. von, Bode, R. & Jahn, S. (2007): Namibia. Mineralien und Fundstellen. Edition Schloss Freudenstein, Bode Verlag, Haltern, 411 pp. (in English)
New Zealand
  • Southland Region
    • Southland District
      • Stewart Island
Allibone, A.H., MacKenzie, D., Turnbull, R., Tulloch, A., Craw, D. (2016) Polymetallic mineralisation associated with carboniferous I-type granitoids in central Stewart Island New Zealand, New Zealand Journal of Geology and Geophysics, 59:3, 436-456.
  • Nordland
    • Hamarøy
Husdal, T. (2019) Nyfunn av mineraler fra Tysfjord-pegmatittene, Nordland. Norsk Mineralsymposium 2019: 31-46
    • Sørfold
Ellingsen, H.V., Andersen, T. & Haugen, A., (2000): Nye mineraler fra amazonittpegmatitten ved Tennvatn, Nordland. Norsk Bergverksmuseums Skriftserie 17, 52-58.
  • Vestfold og Telemark
    • Drangedal
      • Tørdal
Kristiansen, R. (2008): Nye mineralfunn i Norge. STEIN 35 (1): 17-21
Pacific Ocean
  • East Pacific Rise
    • Juan de Fuca Ridge complex
      • Southern Gorda Ridge
Eos Trans. AGU, 81 (48), Fall Meet. Suppl., 2000
  • Lower Silesian Voivodeship
    • Jelenia Góra County
      • Szklarska Poręba
        • Szklarska Poręba-Huta
Kozłowski, A., & Matyszczak, W. (2018). Oxygenic bismuth minerals in the NE part of the Karkonosze pluton (West Sudetes, SW Poland). Acta Geologica Polonica, 68(4).
  • Chukotka Autonomous Okrug
    • Chukchi Peninsula (Chukotka Peninsula; Chukotski Peninsula)
Kurguzova, A. V., Smirnov, S. Z., Klyukin, Y. I., & Karmanov, N. S. (2014). Bi-rich fluid inclusions in quartz from zwitter related to Li-F granite in the Severny pluton, Chukchi Peninsula: An insight into bismuth behavior during greisenization process. Geology of Ore Deposits, 56(8), 629-636.
  • Kamchatka Krai
Zelenski, M. & Bortnikova, S. (2005): Sublimate speciation at Mutnovsky volcano, Kamchatka. European Journal of Mineralogy, 17, 107-118.
  • Republic of Karelia
    • Pryazhinsky District
Ivashchenko, V. I., Bushmin, S. A., Ruchyev, A. M., Kornakov, A. S., Bogomolov, E. S., Savva, E. V., ... & Frolov, P. V. (2018, June). First Evidence of the Archean Age of Orogenic Gold of the Russian Part of the Karelian Craton (Fennoscandian Shield): Sm–Nd Mineral Isochron for Gold-Bearing Metasomatites of the Novye Peski Deposit. In Doklady Earth Sciences (Vol. 480, No. 2, pp. 804-809). Pleiades Publishing.
  • Sakhalin Oblast
    • Kuril Islands (Kurile Islands)
      • Iturup Island
South Africa
  • Limpopo
    • Waterberg District
      • Mogalakwena
        • Mokopane (Potgietersrus)
Armitage, P. E. B., McDonald, I., Edwards, S. J., & Manby, G. M. (2002). Platinum-group element mineralization in the Platreef and calc-silicate footwall at Sandsloot, Potgietersrus District, South Africa. Applied Earth Science: Transactions of the Institutions of Mining and Metallurgy: Section B, 111(1), 36-45.
  • Northern Cape
    • Namakwa
      • Orange River
Gevers, T. W.; Partridge, F. C.; Joubert, G. K. (1937): The pegmatite area south of the Orange River, Namaqualand. Mem. Geol. Survey, S. Africa, No. 31, 172 pp.
      • Steinkopf
Mineralogical Magazine (1935): 24: 59-62; Palache, C., Berman, H., & Frondel, C. (1951), The System of Mineralogy of James Dwight Dana and Edward Salisbury Dana, Yale University 1837-1892, Volume II: 61.
  • Andalusia
    • Córdoba
      • Belalcázar
        • La Ventosilla farmhouse
Rewitzer, C., Calvo, M. Hochleitner, R., and Utrera, C. (2018). Adamite, austinite, schlegelite, dugganite and other uncommon minerals in the “Cogolla Alta” claim,Belalcázar, Córdoba, Spain. Mineral Up, 5 (2), 50-77.
  • Sughd
    • Ghafurov District
      • Adrasman
        • Karamazar Mountains
Anthony, J. W. et al. (1997): Handbook of Mineralogy, Vol. 3, 61
Lur'ye, L. M., Shadlun, T. N., Ugaste, Y. A., & Vyal'sov, L. N. (1971). Lead, silver, and copper sulfobismuthite from the benjaminite-pavonite group in Kaptarkhan ore deposit, East Karamazar, Central Asia. International Geology Review, 13(11), 1628-1642.
  • England
    • Cornwall
      • St Hilary
[UKJMM 17 (1996) p.17]
Tindle, A.G. (2008) Minerals of Britian and Ireland
    • Dumfries and Galloway
Braithwaite, R.S.W. and Knight, J.R. (1990) Rare Minerals, Including Several New to Britain, in Supergene Alteration of U-Cu-As-Bi-Co Mineralisation Near Dalbeattie, South Scotland. Mineralogical Magazine, vol. 54, n° 374: 129-131.
Anthony, J. W. et al. (1997): Handbook of Mineralogy, Vol. 3, 61
Miller, J.M. and Taylor, K. (1966) Bull. Geol. Surv. G. B. 25, 9. [M.A. 18, 17.]; Livingstone, A. and Macpherson, H.G. (1983) Fifth supplementary list of British minerals (Scottish). Mineralogical Magazine, vol. 47, n° 342, p. 99-105.
      • Needle's Eye
R. S. W. Braithwaite and J. R. Knight (1990) Rare Minerals, Including Several New to Britain, in Supergene Alteration of U-Cu-As-Bi-Co Mineralisation Near Dalbeattie, South Scotland. Mineralogical Magazine 54:129-131.
  • California
    • Inyo Co.
      • Inyo Mts (Inyo Range)
        • Russ Mining District
          • Reward
Adams, Paul (2010) The Brown Monster and Reward Mines Inyo County, California. Mineralogical Record 41:175-193.
    • Mono Co.
      • Bodie Hills
        • Masonic Mining District
          • New York Hill
Kampf, A.R., Housley, R.M., Rossman, G.R., Marty, J., Chorazewicz, M. (2018) Bodieite, Bi3+2(Te4+O3)2(SO4), a New Mineral from the Tintic District, Utah, and the Masonic District, California, USA. Canadian Mineralogist: 56: 763-772.; MarekC pers. coll. 2017-2018
  • Nevada
    • Esmeralda Co.
Schaller, W.T. (1941): Bismoclite from Goldfield, Nevada. American Mineralogist 26, 651-654.
NBMG Spec. Pub. 31 Minerals of Nevada
        • Goldfield
NBMG Spec. Pub. 31 Minerals of Nevada
Rocks & Minerals, Nov. 1999
NBMG Spec. Pub. 31 Minerals of Nevada
NBMG Spec. Pub. 31 Minerals of Nevada
    • Nye Co.
      • Toquima Range
        • Manhattan Mining District
NBMG Spec. Pub. 31 Minerals of Nevada
        • Round Mountain Mining District
[MinRec 22:181]; Canadian Mineralogist Vol. 26, pp. 355-376(1988)
Canadian Mineralogist Vol. 26, pp. 355-376(1988)
  • Utah
    • Juab Co.
      • Eureka
Palache, C., Berman, H., & Frondel, C. (1951), The System of Mineralogy of James Dwight Dana and Edward Salisbury Dana, Yale University 1837-1892, Volume II: 62.
Palache, C., Berman, H., & Frondel, C. (1951), The System of Mineralogy of James Dwight Dana and Edward Salisbury Dana, Yale University 1837-1892, Volume II: 62.; Means, A H "Some New Mineral Occurences From The Tintic District, Utah" American Journal of Science Vol 41, Noi 241 (1916) pp 125-30; Means, A H "Some New Mineral Occurences From The Tintic District, Utah" American Journal of Science Vol 41, Noi 241 (1916) pp 125-30
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