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Akaganeite

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About AkaganeiteHide

Formula:
(Fe3+,Ni2+)8(OH,O)16Cl1.25 · nH2O
Colour:
Yellowish brown, rusty brown
Lustre:
Earthy
Specific Gravity:
3.52 (Calculated)
Crystal System:
Monoclinic
Name:
Named after its discovery locality.
The presence of akaganeite indicates high concentrations of chloride in an acidic environment (Ståhl et al. 2003).

Note: The spelling akaganéite is incorrect (Burke, 2008).


Classification of AkaganeiteHide

Approved
Approval Year:
1962
4.DK.05

4 : OXIDES (Hydroxides, V[5,6] vanadates, arsenites, antimonites, bismuthites, sulfites, selenites, tellurites, iodates)
D : Metal: Oxygen = 1:2 and similar
K : With large (+- medium-sized) cations; tunnel structures
6.1.6.1

6 : HYDROXIDES AND OXIDES CONTAINING HYDROXYL
1 : XO(OH)
7.20.6

7 : Oxides and Hydroxides
20 : Oxides of Fe

Physical Properties of AkaganeiteHide

Earthy
Transparency:
Transparent, Translucent
Colour:
Yellowish brown, rusty brown
Streak:
Brownish yellow
Density:
3.52 g/cm3 (Calculated)

Optical Data of AkaganeiteHide

Type:
Biaxial
Dispersion:
r > v strong

Chemical Properties of AkaganeiteHide

Formula:
(Fe3+,Ni2+)8(OH,O)16Cl1.25 · nH2O
IMA Formula:
(Fe3+,Ni2+)8(OH,O)16Cl1.25 · nH2O
Idealised Formula:
β-Fe3+O(OH)

Crystallography of AkaganeiteHide

Crystal System:
Monoclinic
Class (H-M):
2/m - Prismatic
Cell Parameters:
a = 10.561 Å, b = 3.031 Å, c = 10.483 Å
β = 90.63°
Ratio:
a:b:c = 3.484 : 1 : 3.459
Unit Cell V:
335.54 ų (Calculated from Unit Cell)
Z:
8

X-Ray Powder DiffractionHide

Powder Diffraction Data:
d-spacingIntensity
1.6434 Å(35)
2.2952 Å(35)
2.5502 Å(55)
2.6344 Å(25)
3.333 Å(100)
5.276 Å(30)
7.467 Å(40)
Comments:
Pattern of synthetic β-FeO(OH)

Type Occurrence of AkaganeiteHide

General Appearance of Type Material:
fine-grained to powdery masses, consisting of bundles of tiny spindlelike crystals up to 5 µm in length
Geological Setting of Type Material:
oxidation zone of a pyrrhotite-bearing iron sulphide deposit, apparently formed from pyrrhotite by ferric-sulphate-bearing solutions
Associated Minerals at Type Locality:

Synonyms of AkaganeiteHide

Other Language Names for AkaganeiteHide

German:Akaganeit
Japanese:赤金鉱
Simplified Chinese:四方纤铁矿
β-羟铁矿
Spanish:Akaganeita

Common AssociatesHide

Associated Minerals Based on Photo Data:
2 photos of Akaganeite associated with MicroclineK(AlSi3O8)
1 photo of Akaganeite associated with Goethiteα-Fe3+O(OH)
1 photo of Akaganeite associated with Spinel GroupAE2O4

Related Minerals - Nickel-Strunz GroupingHide

4.DK.FerrihollanditeBa(Mn4+6Fe3+2)O16Mon. 2/m
4.DK.4.DK.FerricoronaditePb(Mn4+6Fe3+2)O16Tet. 4/m : I4/m
4.DK.05aCoronaditePb(Mn4+6Mn3+2)O16Mon. 2/m
4.DK.05aCryptomelaneK(Mn4+7Mn3+)O16Mon. 2/m
4.DK.05aHollanditeBa(Mn4+6Mn3+2)O16Mon. 2/m
4.DK.05aManjiroiteNa(Mn4+7Mn3+)O16Tet. 4/m : I4/m
4.DK.05bMannarditeBa(Ti4+6V3+2)O16Tet. 4/m : I41/a
4.DK.05bPrideriteK(Ti4+7Fe3+)O16Tet.
4.DK.05bRedledgeiteBa(Ti4+6Cr3+2)O16Tet.
4.DK.05bHenrymeyeriteBa(Ti4+7Fe2+)O16Tet. 4/m : I4/m
4.DK.05aStrontiomelaneSr(Mn4+6Mn3+2)O16Mon. 2/m : P21/b
4.DK.10Romanèchite(Ba,H2O)2(Mn4+,Mn3+)5O10Mon. 2/m
4.DK.10Todorokite(Na,Ca,K,Ba,Sr)1-x(Mn,Mg,Al)6O12 · 3-4H2OMon. 2/m : P2/m

Related Minerals - Hey's Chemical Index of Minerals GroupingHide

7.20.1WüstiteFeOIso. m3m (4/m 3 2/m) : Fm3m
7.20.2MagnetiteFe2+Fe3+2O4Iso. m3m (4/m 3 2/m) : Fd3m
7.20.3Maghemite(Fe3+0.670.33)Fe3+2O4Iso. 4 3 2 : P41 3 2
7.20.4HematiteFe2O3Trig. 3m (3 2/m) : R3c
7.20.5Goethiteα-Fe3+O(OH)Orth. mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m)
7.20.7FeroxyhyteFe3+O(OH)Hex.
7.20.8Lepidocrociteγ-Fe3+O(OH)Orth. mm2 : Cmc21
7.20.9FerrihydriteFe3+10O14(OH)2Trig.
7.20.10AmakiniteFe2+(OH)2Trig.
7.20.11MagnesioferriteMgFe3+2O4Iso. m3m (4/m 3 2/m) : Fd3m
7.20.12MuskoxiteMg7Fe4O13 · 10H2OTrig. 3m (3 2/m)
7.20.13SrebrodolskiteCa2Fe3+2O5Orth. mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m) : Pnma
7.20.14HercyniteFe2+Al2O4Iso. m3m (4/m 3 2/m) : Fd3m
7.20.15BrownmilleriteCa2(Al,Fe3+)2O5Orth. mm2

Other InformationHide

Health Risks:
No information on health risks for this material has been entered into the database. You should always treat mineral specimens with care.

References for AkaganeiteHide

Reference List:
Sort by Year (asc) | by Year (desc) | by Author (A-Z) | by Author (Z-A)
Mackay, A.L. (1962) β-ferric oxyhydroxide - akaganéite. Mineralogical Magazine, 33(259), 270-280.
Fleischer, M. (1963) New mineral names. American Mineralogist, 48(5-6), 708-712.
American Mineralogist (1971), 56, 659.
Murad, E. (1979) Mössbauer and X-ray data on β-FeOOH (akaganéite). Clay Minerals, 14, 273-284.
Buchwald, V.F., Clarke, R.S., Jr. (1989) Corrosion of Fe-Ni alloys by Cl-containing akaganéite (β-FeOOH): the Antarctic meteorite case. American Mineralogist, 74(5-6), 656-667.
Post, J.E., Buchwald, V.F. (1991) Crystal structure refinement of akaganéite. American Mineralogist, 76(1-2), 272-277.
Anthony, J.W. et al. (1997) Handbook of Mineralogy, Vol. 3, 7.
Post, J.E., Heaney, P.J., von Dreele, R.B., Hanson, J.C. (2003) Neutron and temperature-resolved synchrotron X-ray powder diffraction study of akaganéite. American Mineralogist, 88(5-6), 782-788.
Ståhl, K., Nielsen, K., Jiang, J., Lebech, B., Hanson, J.C., Norby, P., van Lanschot, J. (2003) On the akaganéite crystal structure, phase transformations and possible role in post-excavational corrosion of iron artifacts. Corrosion Science, 45, 2563–2575.
Holtstam, Dan (2006) Akaganéite as a corrosion product of natural, non-meteoritic iron from Qeqertarsuaq, West Greenland. Gff-Uppsala, 128(1), 69-71.
Rémazeilles, C., Refait, P. (2007) On the formation of β-FeOOH (akaganéite) in chloride-containing environments. Corrosion Science, 49, 844-857.
Burke, E.A.J. (2008) Tidying up mineral names: An IMA scheme for suffixes, hyphens and diacritical marks. Mineralogical Record, 39, 131-135.
Scheck, J., Lemke, T., Gebauer, D. (2015) The role of chloride ions during the formation of akaganéite revisited. Minerals, 5(4), 778-787.
Peretyazhko, T.S., Fox, A., Sutter, B., Niles, P.B., Adams, M., Morris, R.V., Ming, D.W. (2016) Synthesis of akaganeite in the presence of sulfate: Implications for akaganeite formation in Yellowknife Bay, Gale Crater, Mars. Geochimica et Cosmochimica Acta, 188, 284-296.

Internet Links for AkaganeiteHide

Localities for AkaganeiteHide

This map shows a selection of localities that have latitude and longitude coordinates recorded. Click on the symbol to view information about a locality. The symbol next to localities in the list can be used to jump to that position on the map.

Locality ListHide

- This locality has map coordinates listed. - This locality has estimated coordinates. ⓘ - Click for further information on this occurrence. ? - Indicates mineral may be doubtful at this locality. - Good crystals or important locality for species. - World class for species or very significant. (TL) - Type Locality for a valid mineral species. (FRL) - First Recorded Locality for everything else (eg varieties). Struck out - Mineral was erroneously reported from this locality. Faded * - Never found at this locality but inferred to have existed at some point in the past (eg from pseudomorphs.)

All localities listed without proper references should be considered as questionable.
Antarctica
 
  • Eastern Antarctica
    • Queen Elizabeth Land
      • Pensacola Mountains
        • Neptune Mountains
Buchwald, V. & Clark Jr, R.S. (1989) Corrosion of Fe-Ni alloys by Cl-containing akaganéite (β-FeOOH): The Antarctic meteorite case. American Mineralogist 74(5&6):656-667. (May-June1989).
    • Victoria Land
      • Allan Hills
Kuebler, K. E. (2013) A comparison of the iddingsite alteration products in two terrestrial basalts and the Allan Hills 77005 martian meteorite using Raman spectroscopy and electron microprobe analyses: Journal of Geophysical Research: Planets 118 (4): 803-830. (Apr 2013).
Argentina
 
  • Chaco Province
    • Doce de Octubre Department
      • Gran Chaco
J. W. Anthony et al.: Handbook of Mineralogy, Vol. III (1997)
Atlantic Ocean
 
  • Mid-Atlantic Ridge complex
Bogdanov, Y.A., Vikent’ev, I.V., Lein, A.Y., Bogdanova, O.Y., Sagalevich, A.M., and Sivtsov, A.V. (2008): Geology of Ore Deposits 50(2), 119-134.
Bogdanov, Y.A., Vikent’ev, I.V., Lein, A.Y., Bogdanova, O.Y., Sagalevich, A.M., and Sivtsov, A.V. (2008): Geology of Ore Deposits 50(2), 119-134.
Bogdanov, Y.A., Vikent’ev, I.V., Lein, A.Y., Bogdanova, O.Y., Sagalevich, A.M., and Sivtsov, A.V. (2008): Geology of Ore Deposits 50(2), 119-134.
Belgium
 
  • Wallonia
    • Liège
      • Visé
Van Tassel, R. (1959) Strengite, phosphosidérite, cacoxénite et apatite fibroradiée de Richelle. Bulletin de la Société belge de Géologie, 68, 360.; Fransolet, A.-M., Jedwab, J., Van Tassel, R. (1974) Inventaire minéralogique de Richelle, Belgique. Annales de la Société Géologique de Belgique, 27, 23-26.; Hatert, F., Deliens, M., Fransolet, A.-M., Van Der Meersche, E. (2002) Les minéraux de Belgique. 2ème édition, Muséum des Sciences Naturelles, Bruxelles, Belgium, 304 pages (in French).
Brazil
 
  • Santa Catarina
    • São Francisco do Sul
      • Morro do Rócio
[Mandarino, 1997]
Canada
 
  • Nova Scotia
    • Halifax Co.
Walker, S.R., Parsons, M.B., Jamieson, H.E., Lanzirotti, A. (2009) Arsenic mineralogy of near-surface tailings and soils: influences on arsenic mobility and bioaccessibility in the Nova Scotia gold mining districts. Canadian Mineralogist: 47: 533-556.
Walker, S.R., Parsons, M.B., Jamieson, H.E., Lanzirotti, A. (2009) Arsenic mineralogy of near-surface tailings and soils: influences on arsenic mobility and bioaccessibility in the Nova Scotia gold mining districts. Canadian Mineralogist: 47: 533-556.
  • Ontario
    • Sudbury District
      • Levack Township
Ames, D.E., Kjarsgaard, I.M., and Douma, S.L., 2003, Sudbury Ni-Cu-PGE Ore Mineralogy Compilation: Sudbury Targeted Geoscience Initiative (TGI): Geological Survey of Canada, Open File 1787
Chile
 
  • Tarapacá
    • Iquique Province
      • Salar Grande
samples analysed by Anthony Kampf, Curator Emeritus of Mineral Sciences at NHM of LAC, California; Kampf, A.R., Sciberras, M.J., Williams, P.A., Dini, M. & Molina Donoso, A.A. (2013): Leverettite from the Torrecillas mine, Iquique Provence, Chile: the Co-analogue of herbertsmithite. Mineralogical Magazine 77, 3047-3054.
China
 
  • Guangxi
    • Hechi
      • Nandan County
        • Lihu - Yaochai area
B Hendriksen collection
Czech Republic
 
  • Vysočina Region
    • Třebíč District
      • Námešť nad Oslavou
        • Vícenice
Skála R., Frýda J., Sekanina J.: Mineralogy of the Vícenice octahedrite. Journal of the Geological Society, 2000, 45, 1-2, 175-192.
Denmark
 
  • Greenland
    • Qeqertalik
      • Disko Island
Holtstam, Dan (2006) Akaganéite as a corrosion product of natural, non-meteoritic iron from Qeqertarsuaq, West Greenland. Gff-Uppsala: 128(1): 69-71.
Germany
 
  • Baden-Württemberg
    • Freiburg
      • Ortenaukreis
        • Oberwolfach
Walenta, K. (1992): Die Mineralien des Schwarzwaldes. Chr. Weise Verlag, München, 336 pp. (in German)
  • Lower Saxony
    • Goslar
      • Goslar
        • Astfeld
No reference listed
Schnorrer, G. (1993): Mineralogische Notizen VI. Aufschluss, 44, 44-58.
  • North Rhine-Westphalia
    • Arnsberg
      • Märkischer Kreis
        • Iserlohn
          • Letmathe
Blaß, G. & Graf, H.W. (1993) Neue Funde. Mineralien-Welt, 4 (2), 57-60.; Bender, D. and Krimmelbein, W. (1994) Aktuelle Übersicht: Mineralien der Zinkhütte Genna/Sauerland. Stand Juni 1994. Mineralien-Welt, 4/94, 10.
  • Saxony
    • Erzgebirgskreis
      • Wolkenstein
Tony Nickischer
  • Thuringia
    • Suhl
http://www.emc2012.org.uk//documents/Abstracts/Abstracts/EMC2012_0090.pdf
Greece
 
  • Attica
    • East Attica
      • Lavreotiki
Schnorrer-Köhler, G., Standfuss, L. & Standfuss, K. (1991): Neue Funde aus den antiken Schlacken von Lavrion, Griechenland. Lapis, 16 (6), 21-23; 58.
          • Passa Limani area
Gelaude, Piet, van Kalmthout, Piet, and Rewitzer, Christian (1996) Laurion: The Minerals of the Ancient Slags, Janssen Print, Nijmegen, The Netherlands
          • Sounion area
No reference listed
          • Thorikos area
Gelaude, Piet, van Kalmthout, Piet and Rewitzer, Christian (1996) Laurion: The Minerals in the Ancient Slags, Janssen Print, Nijmegen, The Netherlands
          • Vrissaki area
Gelaude, Piet, van Kalmthout, Piet, and Rewitzer, Christian (1996) Laurion: The Minerals in the Ancient Slags, Janssen Print, Nijmegen, The Netherlands
India
 
  • Uttar Pradesh
    • Lakhimpur Kheri district
Organizing Committee IMA-IMAGOD meetings '70. Editorial Committee (1970) Introduction to Japanese Minerals. Geological Survey of Japan
Italy
 
  • Lombardy
    • Pavia Province
      • Barbianello
Fioretti, A.M., Zipfel, J. (2004) Barbianello: An ungrouped nickel-rich iron meteorite found in Italy. Meteoritics and Planetary Science, 39, Issue S8, A143-149.
  • Sardinia
    • Sassari Province
      • Sassari
Ara D., Sanna L., Rossi A., Galli E., De Waele J. (2013): Minerali secondari in ambiente sotterraneo: la miniera dell’Argentiera (Sardegna nord-occidentale). In: Cucchi F., Gudi P. (eds.), Atti del XXI Congresso Nazionale di Speleologia “Diffusione delle conoscenze”, Sessione Attività di esplorazione e ricerca. Trieste 2-5 giugno 2011. Edizioni Università di Trieste, Trieste, 290-295.
  • Tuscany
    • Livorno Province
      • Campigliese (Campiglia Mountains; Campiglia Ridge)
        • Campiglia Marittima
Int. Assoc. of Collectors of Slag Minerals, 10 (2), 4-6.
        • Sassetta
          • Canina Valley
Jansen, H. & van den Berg, W. (1998): Slakkenmineralen in Toscane (Italië). Gea, no. 4, 109-117 (in Dutch).
      • Piombino
Cerutti, G., Preite, D. (1995): Mineralien der etruskischen Schlacken von Baratti, Toskana. Lapis, 20, 4, 13-18 and 50.
Japan (TL)
 
  • Iwate Prefecture
    • Oshu City
      • Esashi ward
[Mineralogical Magazine(1961) 33, 270-280; Clark, 1993 - "Hey's Mineral Index, 3rd Edition"]
Kazakhstan
 
  • West Kazakhstan
    • Oral
Sharygin, V. V. (2019). Sodium-Rich Phosphate and Silicate Inclusions in Troilite Nodule in Darinskoe Iron Meteorite (IIC). Meteoritics & Planetary Science, 54.
Mexico
 
  • Sonora
    • Trincheras Municipality
      • La Mur
Panczner(1987):87 - 295.
New Zealand
 
  • Bay of Plenty Region
Johnston, J. H. (1977) Jarosite and akaganéite from White Island Volcano, New Zealand: an X-ray and Mossbauer study. Geochimica et Cosmochimica Acta 41:4, 539-544. Railton, G.T., Watters, W.A. (1990) Minerals of New Zealand. New Zealand Geological Survey Bulletin 104, 89 pages.
  • Waikato Region
    • Taupo District
      • Orakeikorako Thermal Area (Orakei Korako; The Hidden Valley)
Rod Martin, Minerals of Ruatapu Cave, Orakei Korako, Taupo Volcanic Zone. Essence of Microscope (NZ)
Poland
 
  • Greater Poland Voivodeship
    • Poznań Co.
Gurdziel, A., & Karwowski, Ł. (2016). Reevesyt i jarosyt–nowe wtórne fazy w meteorycie Morasko. Acta Societatis Metheoriticae Polonorum, 7, 27-35.
  • Lesser Poland Voivodeship
    • Tarnów Co.
      • Gmina Pleśna
Musiał J. 1996: Results of preliminary Mossbauer spectroscopy analysis of ochres from Janowice, Ciężkowice region, Outer Carpathians.Mineralogia Polonica, vol. 27, no. 1
  • Lower Silesian Voivodeship
    • Jelenia Góra County
      • Gmina Janowice Wielkie
        • Miedzianka (Kupferberg)
Gunnar Färber
  • Silesian Voivodeship
    • Wodzisław Co.
      • Radlin
Ł. Kruszewski PXRD data (to be published soon); Kruszewski, Ł., Fabiańska, M.J., Segit, T., Kusy, D., Motyliński, R., Ciesielczuk, J., Deput, E., (2019): Carbon-nitrogen compounds, alcohols, mercaptans, monoterpenes, acetates, aldehydes, ketones, SF6, PH3, and other fire gases in coal-mining waste heaps of Upper Silesian Coal Basin (Poland) – a re-investigation by means of in situ FTIR external database approach. Science of The Total Environment (in press)
Red Sea
 
Anthony, John W.; Bideaux, Richard A.; Bladh, Kenneth W. and Nichols, Monte C. (1997) Handbook of Mineralogy, Vol. III, Halides, Hydroxides, Oxides. Mineral Data Publishing.
Russia
 
  • Crimea
Chukhrov F.V., Gorshkov A.I., Berezovskaya V.V., Sivtsov A.V. (1987) New data on mineralogy of Kerch ores, - Izvestiya AN SSSR, ser. geol., 4, p. 60-77 (in Rus.)
      • Kerchenskyi (Fe)-ore basin
        • Kerchenskoe deposit
Arbuzov V.A. et al. (1967) Kerch Iron-Ore Basin (Kerchenskii Zhelezorydny Bassein)/ - Moscow:Nedra. - 576 h/ (Rus.)
  • Murmansk Oblast
    • Khibiny Massif
http://maurice.strahlen.org/kola/khibiny.htm
  • Ryazan Oblast
    • Kasimov District
Pekov, I.V. et al (2007) European Journal of Mineralogy, 19, 891-898.; Chukanov N V, Pekov I V, Levitskaya L A, Zadov A E (2009) Droninoite, Ni3Fe3+Cl(OH)8·2H2O, a new hydrotalcite-group mineral species from the weathered Dronino meteorite. Geology of Ore Deposits 51, 767-773
  • Sakha Republic (Yakutia)
[World of Stones 12:49]
  • Zabaykalsky Krai
    • Buriatia Republic (Buryatia)
      • Baunt District
Sharygin, V. V. Phase CuCrS Meteorite 2 in Uakit Iron (IIAB), Buryatia, Russia: Preliminary Data. In Minerals: Structure, Properties, Methods of Investigation: 9th Geoscience Conference for Young Scientists, Ekaterinburg, Russia, February 5–8, 2018 (p. 229). Springer.
Slovakia
 
  • Prešov Region
    • Prešov Co.
Duda et. all.,1981:Minerály severnej časti Slanských vrchov. Min.Slovca,Monografia 2,Bratislava, 98 p
Sweden
 
  • Norrbotten County
    • Pajala
      • Kitkiöjärvi
D. Holtstam and J. Söderhielm : "The Muonionalusta iron meteorite from Lapland, Sweden : New finds and findings", 5th International Conference "Mineralogy & Museums", Paris, Sept. 5-8th 2004, Bull. de Liaison de la Soc. Franç. de Minéralogie et Cristallographie, 2004, Vol 16, N°2.
UK
 
  • England
    • Cornwall
      • Perranzabuloe
        • Perran Iron Lode (Great Perran Iron Lode)
Ryback, G., and Tandy, P.C. (1992): Mineralogical Magazine 56, 261-275; Golley, P., and Williams, R. (1995): Cornish Mineral Reference Manual. Endsleigh Publications (Truro), 104 pp.
      • St Stephen-in-Brannel
Claire L. Corkhill et al (2017) Multi-scale investigation of uranium attenuation by arsenic at an abandoned uranium mine, South Terras
    • Norfolk
      • North Norfolk
J. W. Anthony et al.: Handbook of Mineralogy, Vol. III (1997)
Tindle, A.G. (2008) Minerals of Britian and Ireland
USA
 
  • Arizona
    • Greenlee Co.
      • Copper Mountain Mining District (Clifton-Morenci Mining District)
        • Morenci
Merritt Stephen Enders (2000) The Evolution of Supergene Enrichment in the Morenci Porphyry Copper Deposit, Greenlee County, Arizona. PhD Thesis, University of Arizona
    • Mohave County
      • Cerbat Mts (Cerbat Range)
        • Wallapai Mining District
          • Mineral Park Mining District
            • Ithaca Peak
Anthony, J.W., et al (1995), Mineralogy of Arizona, 3rd. ed.: 103; Eidel, J.J., et al (1968), Copper-molybdenum mineralization at Mineral Park, Mohave Co., AZ, in J.D. Ridge (ed.), Ore deposits of the United States, 1933-1967, A,I,M.E.: 1258-1281.
    • Santa Cruz Co.
      • Patagonia Mts
        • Patagonia Mining District
          • Washington Camp-Duquesne Mining District
            • San Antonio Canyon
              • Santo Niño Mine area
Anthony, J.W., et al (1995), Mineralogy of Arizona, 3rd.ed.: 103.
  • Colorado
    • San Juan Co.
      • Eureka Mining District
Minerals of Colorado (1997) Eckel, E. B.
  • Massachusetts
    • Franklin Co.
      • Rowe
Cerato, A.. 2003: Mineralogical Study of Davis Mine, Rowe, MA, Using X-Ray Diffraction Techniques
  • Minnesota
    • St. Louis Co.
      • Hibbing
J. W. Anthony et al.: Handbook of Mineralogy, Vol. III (1997)
  • Nevada
    • Elko Co.
NBMG Spec. Pub. 31 Minerals of Nevada
    • Humboldt Co.
NBMG Spec. Pub. 31 Minerals of Nevada
    • Pershing Co.
      • East Range
NBMG Spec. Pub. 31 Minerals of Nevada
  • New Mexico
    • Taos Co.
J. W. Anthony et al.: Handbook of Mineralogy, Vol. III (1997)
  • Pennsylvania
    • Chester Co.
      • Malvern Borough
Jan H.Bernard and Jaroslav Hyrsl,2004,Minerals and their Localities,pg 349
  • Tennessee
    • Cocke Co.
Buchwald, V. F. (1975) Handbook of Iron Meteorites. University of California Press. 1418 pages.
Mars
 
  • Aeolis quadrangle
    • Gale Crater
      • Aeolis Mons (Mount Sharp)
        • Lower Mt. Sharp
          • Kimberley quadrangle
Grotzinger, J.P., Crisp, J.A., Vasavada, A.R., the MSL Science Team (2015): Curiosity's Mission of Exploration at Gale Crater, Mars. Elements: 11: 19-26; Grotzinger, J.P., Crisp, J.A., Vasavada, A.R., the MSL Science Team (2015): Curiosity's Mission of Exploration at Gale Crater, Mars. Elements: 11: 19-26
      • Aeolis Palus
Several papers on: Science Express, www.sciencemag.org , 9 December 2013, summarized by Dr Vivien Gornitz, Bulletin of the New York Mineralogical Club, February 2014.
Grotzinger, J.P., Crisp, J.A., Vasavada, A.R., the MSL Science Team (2015): Curiosity's Mission of Exploration at Gale Crater, Mars. Elements: 11: 19-26
Grotzinger, J.P., Crisp, J.A., Vasavada, A.R., the MSL Science Team (2015): Curiosity's Mission of Exploration at Gale Crater, Mars. Elements: 11: 19-26
The Moon
 
  • Descartes Highlands
http://curator.jsc.nasa.gov/lunar/letss/Mineralogy.pdf
  • Mare Crisium
Mokhov A.V., Kartashov P.M., Bogatikov O.A. (2007) Moon under a microscope, - Moscow, Nauka, p.128 (in Rus.).
 
矿物 and/or 产地  
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