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About PleonasteHide

From the greek for 'abundant' for its many crystal forms.
A variety of Spinel

A ferroan variety of spinel exhibiting crystal forms more complex than the basic octahedron with crystallography exhibiting combinations of the octahedron with either the dodecahedron d{011} or more rarely the cube a{001} forms.

Visit gemdat.org for gemological information about Pleonaste.

Classification of PleonasteHide

Rejected by the IMA

Chemical Properties of PleonasteHide


Other Language Names for PleonasteHide

Simplified Chinese:亚铁尖晶石

Common AssociatesHide

Associated Minerals Based on Photo Data:
12 photos of Pleonaste associated with Fassaite(Ca,Na)(Mg,Fe2+,Al,Fe3+,Ti)[(Si,Al)2O6]
3 photos of Pleonaste associated with GehleniteCa2Al(AlSiO7)
3 photos of Pleonaste associated with SpinelMgAl2O4
2 photos of Pleonaste associated with CalciteCaCO3
2 photos of Pleonaste associated with ZirconZr(SiO4)
2 photos of Pleonaste associated with SapphireAl2O3
1 photo of Pleonaste associated with Clinopyroxene Subgroup
1 photo of Pleonaste associated with UlvöspinelTiFe2O4
1 photo of Pleonaste associated with ChromiteFe2+Cr3+2O4
1 photo of Pleonaste associated with FuchsiteK(Al,Cr)3Si3O10(OH)2

Other InformationHide

Health Risks:
No information on health risks for this material has been entered into the database. You should always treat mineral specimens with care.

References for PleonasteHide

Reference List:
Sort by Year (asc) | by Year (desc) | by Author (A-Z) | by Author (Z-A)
Haüy (1801).
Palache, Charles, Harry Berman & Clifford Frondel (1944), The System of Mineralogy of James Dwight Dana and Edward Salisbury Dana Yale University 1837-1892, Volume I: Elements, Sulfides, Sulfosalts, Oxides. John Wiley and Sons, Inc., New York. 7th edition, revised and enlarged: 689.

Internet Links for PleonasteHide

Localities for PleonasteHide

This map shows a selection of localities that have latitude and longitude coordinates recorded. Click on the symbol to view information about a locality. The symbol next to localities in the list can be used to jump to that position on the map.

Locality ListHide

- This locality has map coordinates listed. - This locality has estimated coordinates. ⓘ - Click for further information on this occurrence. ? - Indicates mineral may be doubtful at this locality. - Good crystals or important locality for species. - World class for species or very significant. (TL) - Type Locality for a valid mineral species. (FRL) - First Recorded Locality for everything else (eg varieties). Struck out - Mineral was erroneously reported from this locality. Faded * - Never found at this locality but inferred to have existed at some point in the past (eg from pseudomorphs.)

All localities listed without proper references should be considered as questionable.
  • Lakhbi
  • New South Wales
    • Clarke Co.
      • Mt Mitchell
Gilligan, L.B., Brownlow, J.W., Cameron, R.G., Henley, H.F. (1992) Metallogenic Study and Mineral Deposit Data Sheets: Dorrigo-Coffs Harbour 1:250 000 Metallogenic Map SH/56-10, SH/56-11. Geological Survey of New South Wales, Sydney, 509 pages.
    • Gough Co.
      • Elsmore
Brown, R.E., and Stroud, W.J. (1997) Inverell 1:250 000 Metallogenic Map SH/56-5: Metallogenic Study and Mineral Deposit Data Sheets. Geological Survey of New South Wales, Sydney, 576pp.
    • Parry Co.
      • Nundle
        • Hanging Rock
Hollis, J.D., & Sutherland, F.L., Occurrences and origins of gem zircons in eastern Australia, in Records of the Australian Museum 36(6):299-311, June 1985
    • Vernon Co.
Matthew Goodwin
    • Wellington Co.
      • Mudgee
Sutherland, F.L., Coenraads, R.R., Schwarz, D., Raynor, L.R., Barron, B.J., Webb, G.B. (2003) Al-rich diopside in alluvial ruby and corundum-bearing xenoliths, Australian and SE Asian basalt fields. Mineralogical Magazine, 67(4), 717-732.
  • Queensland
    • Charters Towers Region
      • McBride Province
Stolz, A. J. (1987). Fluid activity in the lower crust and upper mantle: mineralogical evidence bearing on the origin of amphibole and scapolite in ultramafic and mafic granulite xenoliths. Mineralogical Magazine, 51(5), 719-732.
  • South Australia
    • Murray Basin
      • Murray Mallee
        • Karoonda
J. S. Delaney, C. P. Stokes, C. O'Neill & M. Prinz (1985). The Karoonda Chondrule Corundum Conundrum (Abstract). Lunar and Planetary Science XVI, pp. 175-176.
    • Western Region
      • Maralinga
Keller, L. P. (1992) Petrography and Mineral Chemistry of Calcium-and Aluminum-rich Inclusions in the Maralinga CK4 Chondrite (abstract). Lunar and Planetary Science Conference XXIII: 671-672. (March 1992)
  • Tasmania
    • Dorset municipality
      • Blue Tier district
        • Moorina
Bottrill, R.S. & Baker, W.E. (2008) A Catalogue of the Minerals of Tasmania. Bull. 73. Minerals Resources Tasmania
  • Victoria
    • Rural City of Wangaratta
      • Eldorado
Dunn, E.J.,(1913). Bulletins of the Geological Survey of Victoria No. 25. The Woolshed Valley, Beechworth. Department of Mines.
    • Yarra Ranges Shire
      • Belgrave
  • Lower Austria
    • Melk District
      • Dunkelsteinerwald
        • Gansbach
Carswell, D.A., Möller, C., O'Brien, P.J. (1989): Origin of sapphirine-plagioclase symplectites in metabasites from Mitterbachgraben, Dunkelsteinerwald granulite complex, Lower Austria. Eur. J. Mineral., 1, 455-466.
    • Zwettl District
      • Kottes-Purk
R. Exel: Die Mineralien und Erzlagerstätten Österreichs (1993); MEIXNER, H. (1976): 378. Spinell (Pleonast) von Kottes, Waldviertel, NÖ. P. 37 in MEIXNER, H. (1976): Neue Mineralfunde aus Österreich XXVI. Carinthia II, 166./86., 11-42.
  • Upper Austria
    • Perg District
      • St Georgen an der Gusen
Brandstetter, G. & M. Reich (1998): Luftenberg - eine bedeutende Pegmatitmineralisation in Oberösterreich. OÖ. Geonachr. 13, 11-25; Brandstetter, G. & Reich, M. (1999): Luftenberg - eine bedeutende Pegmatitmineralisation in Oberösterreich. Mineralien-Welt 10 (3), 12-18.
  • Minas Gerais
Jour. of South American Earth Sci. 15:709–723
  • Northwest Territories
Anton R. Chakhmouradian and Roger H. Mitchell (2001) Three compositional varieties of perovskite from kimberlites of the Lac de Gras Field (Northwest Territories, Canada). Mineralogical Magazine 65:133-148; Masun, K. M. (1999). The petrography and mineralogy of the Lac de Gras kimberlite field, Slave Province, Northwest Territories: A comparative study. Master of science, Department of Geology, Lakehead University.
      • Ekati Mine
Kamenetsky, V. S., Grütter, H., Kamenetsky, M. B., & Gömann, K. (2013). Parental carbonatitic melt of the Koala kimberlite (Canada): constraints from melt inclusions in olivine and Cr-spinel, and groundmass carbonate. Chemical Geology, 353, 96-111.
  • Ontario
    • Lanark County
      • Bathurst Township
JR Montgomery Collection
  • Sichuan
    • Panzhihua
      • Dong District
        • Panzhihua Fe-V-Ti-(PGE) deposit
Gao, W., Ciobanu, C. L., Cook, N. J., Huang, F., Meng, L., & Gao, S. (2017). Petrography and trace element signatures in silicates and Fe–Ti-oxides from the Lanjiahuoshan deposit, Panzhihua layered intrusion, Southwest China. Lithos, 294, 164-183.
  • Tibet
    • Ngari
      • Gê'gyai Co. (Geji Co.)
Zhi Zhang, Yuchuan Chen, Juxing Tang, Lin He, Xiaofeng Yao, Yi Yang, Zhenghua Hu, Hongxing Wang, and Junlong Song (2013): Mineral Deposits 32(5), 915-931
Czech Republic
  • Liberec Region
    • Jizerské Mtn (Iser Mtn)
Lukas Jankaj specimen
  • Northern Savonia
O´Brien Hugh,Tyni Matti 2005 Eastern Finland kimberlite province. Fifth international dyke conference 31.7-3.8. 2005 Rovaniemi, Finland
  • Southwest Finland
    • Pargas
Wilke, H.-J. (1976): Mineral-Fundstellen Band 4: Skandinavien. Chr. Weise Verlag, München, 370 pp.(p 283)
  • Auvergne-Rhône-Alpes
    • Cantal
      • Mandailles-Saint-Julien
R. Pierrot, P. Picot, J.J. Périchaud : "Inventaire Minéralogique du Cantal", BRGM and Editions G. de Bussac, 1971
    • Haute-Loire
      • Lavoûte-Chilhac
        • Saint-Ilpize
FORESTIER F. H., LASNIER B. (1969) – Découverte de niveaux d’amphibolites à pargasite, anorthite, corindon et saphirine dans les schistes cristallins de la vallée du Haut-Allier – Existence du faciès granulite dans la massif Central Français, Contr. Mineral. And Petrol. 23, pp. 194-235.
      • Le Puy-en-Velay
        • Ceyssac
LACROIX A. (1892) - Minéralogie de la France
  • Brittany
    • Finistère
      • Logonna-Daoulas
Barrois, Ch. (1887): Sur le Kerzanton de la Rade de Brest, Annales de la Société Géologique du Nord, p. 46.
  • Bavaria
    • Lower Bavaria
      • Regen
        • Bodenmais
Weiss: "Mineralfundstellen, Deutschland West", Weise (Munich), 1990
  • East Macedonia and Thrace
    • Drama
      • Paranesti
Wang et al. (2017), The Origin of a new Pargasite-Schist Hosted Ruby Deposit from Paranesti, Northern Greece. The Canadian Mineralogist, Vol. 55, pp. 535-560.
  • Nógrád County
    • Salgótarján
Koch: Minerals of Hungary
  • Andhra Pradesh
    • Prakasam District
Canadian Mineralogist (1965) 8:334-338
  • Leinster
    • Co. Louth
      • Carlingford
S. R. Nockolds and H. G. C. Vincent (1947) On Tilleyite and Its Associated Minerals from Carlingford, Ireland. Mineralogical Magazine 28:151-158.
  • Campania
    • Naples
      • Somma-Vesuvius Complex
AmMin: 12:14-19 (1927)
  • Lazio
    • Metropolitan City of Rome Capital
      • Bracciano Lake
        • Castel Giuliano
Dario Di Domenico collection
    • Viterbo Province
Lapis 28(12), 19-28 (2003)
  • Lombardy
    • Bergamo Province
      • Cene
        • Rossa Valley
Maida, F. (2002): Descrizione delle specie e varietà di minerali e loro ritrovamento nella Bergamasca. G.O.M. Gruppo Orobico Minerali - Novecento Grafico, Ed., Bergamo 82 pp. (geologic part by F. Pezzotta).
  • Trentino-Alto Adige
    • Trento Province (Trentino)
      • Monzoni Mountains
De Michele, V. (1974). Guida mineralogica d'Italia. Istituto Geografico De Agostini, Novara, 2 vol.
De Michele, V. (1974). Guida mineralogica d'Italia. Istituto Geografico De Agostini, Novara, 2 vol.
De Michele, V. (1974). Guida mineralogica d'Italia. Istituto Geografico De Agostini, Novara, 2 vol.
De Michele, V. (1974). Guida mineralogica d'Italia. Istituto Geografico De Agostini, Novara, 2 vol.
  • Saitama Prefecture
    • Chichibu City
      • Ohtaki-mura
        • Nakatsugawa
          • Chichibu mining district (Chichibu mine)
Yamada, S. (2004) Nihonsan-koubutsu Gojuon-hairetsu Sanchi-ichiranhyou (111 pp.)
  • Anosy
Knut Edvard Larsen collection (# M-323)
Knut Edvard Larsen collection & photo
  • Atsinanana
    • Toamasina II
      • Antetezambaro
Behier, J. (1963): Carte mineralogique de Madagascar. Archive Service Géologique Madagascar. A 1871
  • Tuléar Province (Toliara)
  • Mandalay Region
    • Pyin-Oo-Lwin District
      • Mogok Township
        • Kyauk-Pyat-That
          • Thurein-taung
Pavel M. Kartashov analytical data, Sieghard Ellenberger specimens
New Zealand
  • Otago Region
    • Waitaki District
      • Kakanui
Railton, G. L. and Watters, W.A., Minerals of New Zealand, New Zealand Geological Survey Bulletin #104 (1990).
  • Southland Region
    • Southland District
      • Fiordland National Park
C. M. Ward (1984) Magnesium staurolite and green chromian staurolite from Fiordland, New Zealand . American Mineralogist, Volume 69, pages 531-540.
  • Katsina
Meteoritics (ISSN 0026-1114), vol. 20, pt. 1, June 30, 1985, p. 229-243.
Northwest Africa Meteorites
Weisberg et al., (2008) Meteoritical Bulletin, no. 94: Meteoritics and Planetary Science 43 (9): 1551-1588. (Sept 2008) ; Anorthite, Diopside, Olivine; Merrillite, Pleonaste, Spinel, Troilite
  • Aust-Agder
    • Arendal
      • Arendal Iron Mines
        • Neskilen Mines
Scheerer, Th. (1845): Bidrag til Kundskab om norske Mineralier. Nyt Magazin for Naturvidenskaberne.4:333-349
        • Øyestad
Weibye, P. C. (1848): Beiträge zur topograpischen Mineralogie Norwegens. Archiv für Mineralogie, Geognosie, Bergbau und Hüttenkunde. 22: 465-544
      • Tromøy
Weibye, P. C. (1848): Beiträge zur topograpischen Mineralogie Norwegens. Archiv für Mineralogie, Geognosie, Bergbau und Hüttenkunde. 22: 465-544
SCHEERER, Th. (1845): Geognostisk-mineralogiske Skizzer- samlede paa en Reise i sommeren 1842. Nyt Magasin for Naturvidenskaberne, 4, 126-164
  • Vest-Agder
    • Kristiansand
Scheerer, Th. (1845):Geognostisk-mineralogiske skizzer, samlede paa en Reise i Sommeren 1842. Nyt Magazin for Naturvidenskaberne 4:126-164 (p. 159); Neumann, H. (1985): Norges Mineraler. Norges geologiske Undersøkelse Skrifter 68. p. 53
  • Dhofar
Meteoritical Bulletin No. 86
Meteoritical Bulletin, no. 87, MAPS 38, A189-A248 (2003)
The Meteoritical Bulletin, No. 88, 2004 JULY, Meteoritics & Planetary Science 39, Axxx–Axxx (2004)
  • Lower Silesian Voivodeship
    • Ząbkowice Śląskie Co.
      • Gmina Ząbkowice Śląskie
Sachanbiński et al. 2000: Heavy minerals in the serpentinite weathering cover of the Szklary massif. Geologia Sudetica, vol. 33, pp. 131-141.
  • Podlaskie Voivodeship
    • Suwałki Co.
      • Suwałki Massif
Morgan, J.W., Stein, H.J., Hannah, J.L., Markey, R.J., and Wiszniewska, J. (2000): Mineralium Deposita 35, 391-401.
Morgan, J.W., Stein, H.J., Hannah, J.L., Markey, R.J., and Wiszniewska, J. (2000): Mineralium Deposita 35, 391-401.
Kozlowski A & Wiszniewska J: (2001) The Nelsonite problem: the origin by melt immiscibility. in Abstracts – GEODE field workshop 8-12th July 2001 on ilmenite deposits in the Rogaland anorthosite province, S. Norway.
Morgan, J.W., Stein, H.J., Hannah, J.L., Markey, R.J., and Wiszniewska, J. (2000): Mineralium Deposita 35, 391-401.
  • Sakha Republic (Yakutia)
    • Aldan Shield
      • Aldan
        • El'konskii Gorst
Pavel M. Kartashov data
Pavel M. Kartashov data
  • Banská Bystrica Region
    • Detva District
Rojkovičová,Ľ., 1982: Rudná mineralizácia v Javorí. Min.Slovaca, 14,5,461 – 470
    • Lučenec District
M. Huraiova et al. , Eur. J. Mineral. , 1996, 8, pp. 901-916.
    • Žarnovica District
      • Hodruša-Hámre (Hodritsch)
        • Kopanice
Pauliš,P.,Ďuďa,R.,2002: Nejzajímavejší mineralogická naletište Slovenska. Kuttna,K.Hora, 136p
    • Žiar nad Hronom District
Ďuďa R., 1993 : Die mineralien der Gold und Silber - lagersttäte von Kremnitz ( Kremnica) in der Slowakei. Mineralien Welt /Haltern,Nemecko/,5, s. 20 - 32
  • Prešov Region
    • Prešov District
Ďuďa,R., et al., 1981: Mineralógia severnej časti Slanských vrchov. Min.Slovaca, Monografia 2, 98s
      • Vyšná Šebastová
Ďuďa,R., et al., 1981: Mineralógia severnej časti Slanských vrchov. Min.Slovaca, Monografia 2, 98s
South Africa
  • North West
    • Bojanala Platinum District
      • Rustenburg (Rustenburg District)
Scoon, R. N., & Eales, H. V. (2002). Unusual Fe-Ti-Cr spinels from discordant bodies of iron-rich ultramafic pegmatite at the Amandelbult Platinum mine, northwestern Bushveld Complex. Mineralogical Magazine, 66(6), 857-879.
  • Northern Cape
    • Frances Baard
      • Dikgatlong
        • Windsorton
Field, M., Stiefenhofer, J., Robey, J., and Kurszlaukis, S. (2008): Ore Geology Reviews 34, 33-75.
      • Sol Plaatje
        • Kimberley
          • KEM JV Mine (Kimberley Ekapa Mining Joint Venture mine; Kimberley Underground mine)
Giuliani, A., Kamenetsky, V. S., Phillips, D., Kendrick, M. A., Wyatt, B. A., & Goemann, K. (2012). Nature of alkali-carbonate fluids in the sub-continental lithospheric mantle. Geology, 40(11), 967-970.
Sri Lanka
  • Sabaragamuwa Province
    • Ratnapura District
      • Ratnapura
Ceylon Aluvial Mine, (Book, Co. 2002)
  • Sipaliwini District
De Roever, E.W.F., Kieft, C., Murray, E., Klein, E., Drucker, W.H., and Moore, P.B. (1976) Surinamite, a new Mg-Al silicate from the Bakhuis Mountains, western Surinam. I. Description, occurrence, and conditions of formation II. X-ray crystallography and proposed crystal structure. American Mineralogist: 61: 193-199.
  • Dalarna County
    • Falun
No reference listed
  • Jönköping County
    • Jönköping
      • Månsarp
Nils Hollander: Electron microprobe analysis of iron-titanium oxides in Månsarp and Taberg, southern Sweden. GFF 91 , 1969
  • Östergötland County
    • Åtvidaberg
No reference listed
  • Stockholm County
    • Norrtälje
      • Stabby ore field
Appel, P.W.U. and Brigatti, M. F. (1999): Ludwigite from central Sweden: new data and crystal structure refinement. Mineralogical Magazine. 63(4),511-518
  • Värmland County
    • Filipstad
      • Persberg ore district
        • Gåsgruvan ore field
Sandström, F., Lorin, T. & Strand, U. (2009): Geologi och mineralogi i Gåsgruvefältet, Filipstad. Litofilen. 26 (2): 16-38
  • Kanchanaburi Province
    • Bo Phloi District
      • Bo Phloi
Srithai, B. (2005, November). Petrography and mineral chemistry of ultramafic xenoliths from Bo Ploi basalt, Kanchanaburi, Thailand. In Proceeding of international conference on geology, geotechnology and mineral resources of Indochina (pp. 28-30).
  • Scotland
    • Highland
      • Isle of Skye
        • Minginish
Lenaz, D., Velicogna, M., Hålenius, U., O'Driscoll, B. (2016): Structural parameters of Cr-bearing spinels and pleonaste from the Cuillin Igneous Complex (Isle of Skye, Scotland): Implications for metamorphic and cooling history. Mineralogical Magazine: 80 (in press); http://forum.amiminerals.it/viewtopic.php?f=5&t=12496 (2016)
  • California
    • Inyo Co.
      • Panamint Mts (Panamint Range)
        • Butte Valley Mining District
          • Butte Valley (Hidden Valley)
McAllister, James Franklin (1955), Geology of mineral deposits in the Ubehebe Peak quadrangle, Inyo County, California. California Division Mines, Special Report 42, 63 pp.: 61; Murdoch, Joseph & Robert W. Webb (1966), Minerals of California, Centennial Volume (1866-1966): California Division Mines & Geology Bulletin 189: 345.
    • San Diego County
      • Lakeside
SDSU Geology Department unpublished field trip guide, circa 1980.
      • Pala Mining District
        • Pala
Jahns, Richard Henry & Wright, Lauren A. (1951), Gem and lithium-bearing pegmatites of the Pala district, San Diego County, California. California Division of Mines Special Report 7-A: p. 31.
      • Rincon Mining District
        • Rincon
          • Rincon Mountain
Kunz, G. F. (1905a), Gems, jeweler's materials, and ornamental stones of California. California State Mining Bureau bulletin 37: 48; Murdoch, Joseph & Robert W. Webb (1966), Minerals of California, Centennial Volume (1866-1966): California Division Mines & Geology Bulletin 189: 346.
Rogers, A. F. 1910. Minerals From The Pegmatite Veins Of Rincon, San Diego Co., California. Columbia University School Of Mines Quarterly Journal Of Applied Science, Vol. 31 pp. 208-218.
  • Georgia
    • Columbia Co.
      • Phinizy
Minerals of Georgia: Their properties and occurrences. Robert Cook GGWRD Bull 92
    • Towns Co.
      • Youngstown
Minerals of Georgia: Their properties and occurrences. Robert Cook GGWRD Bull 92
  • Hawaii
    • Honolulu Co.
      • Oahu
Geology; January 1988; v. 16; no. 1; p. 69-72
  • Kentucky
    • Elliott Co.
Jeffrey J. Agee, James R. Garrison, Jr. and Lawrence A. Taylor (1982) Petrogenesis of oxide minerals in kimberlite, Elliot County, Kentucky. American Mineralogist 67:28-42
  • Massachusetts
    • Middlesex Co.
Hitchcock, 1841. Geology of Massachusetts
  • Montana
    • Judith Basin Co.
      • Little Belt Mountains
        • Yogo District
  • Nevada
AmMin 27:462
      • Kinkaid Siding
American Mineralogist 27:462-463
  • North Carolina
    • Cabarrus Co.
      • Concord
Barbara A.Olsen,Harry Y.Mcsween,Jr, American Mineralogist,Vol.68,pg 315-333,1983,Petrogenesis of the Concord gabbro-syenite complex,North Carolina,pg # 324
    • Macon Co.
      • Cowee Valley
        • Ellijay Mining District
          • Franklin
Gerald M.Friedman,Sept 27,1951,Study Of Hogbomite
Dana 6: 1077.
  • Vermont
    • Windsor Co.
Nielson, Dennis L. (1973). Silica diffusion at Ascutney Mountain, Vermont, Contributions to Mineralogy and Petrology 40(2):141-148.
  • Virginia
Minerals of Virginia 1990 by R. V. Dietrich
    • Hanover Co.
Minerals of Virginia 1990 by R. V. Dietrich
Minerals of Virginia 1990 by R. V. Dietrich
  • Sơn La Province
Nguyôn Kinh Quèc, Nguyôn Quúnh Anh () Aquamarine, Beryl And Possibility Of Finding Emerald And Alexandrite In Việt Nam. Generations, 41, 50-58.
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