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About BerthierineHide

Pierre Berthier
Dark olive green, yellowish green
Specific Gravity:
3.06 (Calculated)
Crystal System:
Named in honor of Pierre Berthier (3 July 1782, Nemours, Seine-et-Marne, France – 24 August 1861, France), a chemist and mineralogist at the Ecole des Mines, France. He was also Inspector of Mines during his career. He named a number of species including chamosite, franklinite, halloysite, and nontronite. He is well-known for his study of bauxite. The mineral berthierite is also named after him.
A member of the Kaolinite-Serpentine group.

1M and 1H polytypes are known.

Classification of BerthierineHide

Approved, 'Grandfathered' (first described prior to 1959)

9 : SILICATES (Germanates)
E : Phyllosilicates
D : Phyllosilicates with kaolinite layers composed of tetrahedral and octahedral nets

71 : PHYLLOSILICATES Sheets of Six-Membered Rings
1 : Sheets of 6-membered rings with 1:1 layers

16 : Silicates Containing Aluminum and other Metals
19 : Aluminosilicates of Fe and Mg

Physical Properties of BerthierineHide

Dark olive green, yellowish green
Greenish white
2½ on Mohs scale
3.06 g/cm3 (Calculated)

Optical Data of BerthierineHide

RI values:
nα = 1.620 nγ = 1.650
Max Birefringence:
δ = 0.030
Image shows birefringence interference colour range (at 30µm thickness)
and does not take into account mineral colouration.
Surface Relief:
r < v strong

Chemical Properties of BerthierineHide


Crystallography of BerthierineHide

Crystal System:
Class (H-M)
Space Group:
Space Group Setting:
Cell Parameters:
Unit Cell Volume (calc):


X-Ray Powder DiffractionHide

Powder Diffraction Data:
7.04 Å(100)
3.513 Å(100)
2.673 Å(40)
2.514 Å(90)
2.399 Å(40)
2.137 Å(60)
1.552 Å(70)

Geological EnvironmentHide

Geological Setting:
Unmetamorphosed marine sediments, lateritic and polar soils.

Type Occurrence of BerthierineHide

Synonyms of BerthierineHide

Other Language Names for BerthierineHide

Varieties of BerthierineHide

Titanian BerthierineSerpentine Group

Relationship of Berthierine to other SpeciesHide

Other Members of this group:
AmesiteMg2Al(AlSiO5)(OH)4Tric. 1 : P1
AntigoriteMg3(Si2O5)(OH)4Mon. m : Bm
CronstedtiteFe2+2Fe3+((Si,Fe3+)2O5)(OH)4Trig. 3m : P3 1m
GuidottiiteMn2Fe3+(Fe3+SiO5)(OH)4Hex. 6 : P63
KellyiteMn2+2Al(AlSiO5)(OH)4Hex. 6 : P63
LizarditeMg3(Si2O5)(OH)4Trig. 3m : P3 1m

Common AssociatesHide

Chlorite GroupA group of mostly monoclinic (also triclinic or orthorhombic) micaceous phyllosilicate minerals with a structure ...
Smectite GroupA0.3D2-3[T4O10]Z2 · nH2O
Associated Minerals Based on Photo Data:
2 photos of Berthierine associated with PyriteFeS2
2 photos of Berthierine associated with SideriteFeCO3
1 photo of Berthierine associated with Ancylite-(Ce)CeSr(CO3)2(OH) · H2O
1 photo of Berthierine associated with Goethiteα-Fe3+O(OH)
1 photo of Berthierine associated with Ancylite Group

Related Minerals - Nickel-Strunz GroupingHide

9.ED.ClinochrysotileMon. 2/m
9.ED.05DickiteAl2(Si2O5)(OH)4Mon. m : Bb
9.ED.05KaoliniteAl2(Si2O5)(OH)4Tric. 1 : P1
9.ED.05NacriteAl2(Si2O5)(OH)4Mon. m : Bb
9.ED.05Odinite(Fe,Mg,Al,Fe,Ti,Mn)2.4((Si,Al)2O5)(OH)4Mon. m : Bm
9.ED.10HalloysiteAl2(Si2O5)(OH)4Mon. m : Bb
9.ED.10HisingeriteFe3+2(Si2O5)(OH)4 · 2H2OMon.
9.ED.10Halloysite-7ÅAl2(Si2O5)(OH)4Mon. m : Bb
9.ED.15AmesiteMg2Al(AlSiO5)(OH)4Tric. 1 : P1
9.ED.15AntigoriteMg3(Si2O5)(OH)4Mon. m : Bm
9.ED.15CronstedtiteFe2+2Fe3+((Si,Fe3+)2O5)(OH)4Trig. 3m : P3 1m
9.ED.15KellyiteMn2+2Al(AlSiO5)(OH)4Hex. 6 : P63
9.ED.15LizarditeMg3(Si2O5)(OH)4Trig. 3m : P3 1m
9.ED.15GuidottiiteMn2Fe3+(Fe3+SiO5)(OH)4Hex. 6 : P63
9.ED.20Allophane(Al2O3)(SiO2)1.3-2 · 2.5-3H2OAmor.
9.ED.20ChrysocollaCu2-xAlx(H2-xSi2O5)(OH)4 · nH2O, x < 1Orth.
9.ED.20Neotocite(Mn,Fe,Mg)SiO3 · H2OAmor.
9.ED.25BismutoferriteFe3+2Bi(SiO4)2(OH)Mon. m : Bm
9.ED.25ChapmaniteFe3+2Sb3+(Si2O5)O3(OH)Mon. m : Bm

Related Minerals - Dana Grouping (8th Ed.)Hide

71.1.2c.1AmesiteMg2Al(AlSiO5)(OH)4Tric. 1 : P1
71.1.2c.5KellyiteMn2+2Al(AlSiO5)(OH)4Hex. 6 : P63

Related Minerals - Hey's Chemical Index of Minerals GroupingHide

16.19.1IndialiteMg2Al3(AlSi5O18)Hex. 6/mmm (6/m 2/m 2/m) : P6/mcc
16.19.2Cordierite(Mg,Fe)2Al3(AlSi5O18)Orth. mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m) : Cccm
16.19.5StauroliteFe2+2Al9Si4O23(OH)Mon. 2/m : B2/m
16.19.6Chloritoid(Fe2+,Mg,Mn2+)Al2(SiO4)O(OH)2Mon. 2/m : B2/b
16.19.7AmesiteMg2Al(AlSiO5)(OH)4Tric. 1 : P1
16.19.9YoderiteMg(Al,Fe3+)3(SiO4)2O(OH)Mon. 2/m : P21/m
16.19.11Ferrocarpholite(Fe2+,Mg)Al2(Si2O6)(OH)4Orth. mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m) : Ccca
16.19.16Odinite(Fe,Mg,Al,Fe,Ti,Mn)2.4((Si,Al)2O5)(OH)4Mon. m : Bm
16.19.17ClinochloreMg5Al(AlSi3O10)(OH)8Mon. 2/m : B2/m
16.19.22VermiculiteMg0.7(Mg,Fe,Al)6(Si,Al)8O20(OH)4 · 8H2OMon. 2/m
16.19.23Corrensite(Mg,Fe)9((Si,Al)8O20)(OH)10 · nH2OOrth.

Other InformationHide

Health Risks:
No information on health risks for this material has been entered into the database. You should always treat mineral specimens with care.

References for BerthierineHide

Reference List:
Sort by Year (asc) | by Year (desc) | by Author (A-Z) | by Author (Z-A)
Beudant, F.S. (1832) Berthiérine. in Traité Élémentaire de Minéralogie, 2nd Edition, (Paris): 128-129.
Brindley, G. W. (1951) The crystal structure of some chamosite minerals. Mineralogical Magazine: 29: 502-522.
Brindley, G.W. and R.F. Youell (1953) Ferrous chamosite and ferric chamosite. Mineralogical Magazine: 37: 57-70.
Brindley, G.W. (1982) Chemical composition of berthierines - a review. Clays and Clay Minerals: 30: 153-155.
Bhattacharyya, D.P. (1983) Origin of berthierine in ironstones. Clays and Clay Minerals: 31: 173-182.
MacKenzie, K.J.D., Berezowski, R.M. (1984) Thermal and Mössbauer studies of iron-containing hydrous silicates. V. Berthierine. Thermochimica Acta: 74: 291-312.
Arima, M., Fleet, M.E., and Barnett, R.L. (1985) Titanian berthierine: a Ti-rich serpentine group mineral from the Picton ultramafic dyke, Ontario. Canadian Mineralogist: 23: 213-220.
Chauvel, J.J. (1990) Chamosite and berthierine: is it possible to make clear the terminology? Sediments: 13: 87-88.
Wiewióra, A. (1990) Crystallochemical classifications of phyllosilicates based on the unified system of projection of chemical composition: III. The serpentine-kaolin group. Clay Minerals: 25: 93-98.
Slack, J.F., Jiang, W.T., Peacor, D.R., Okita, P.M. (1992) Hydrothermal and metamorphic berthierine from the Kidd Creek volcanogenic massive sulfide deposit, Timmins, Ontario. Canadian Mineralogist: 30: 1127-1142.
Toth, T.A., Fritz, S.J. (1997) An Fe-berthierine from a cretaceous laterite: part I. Characterization. Clays and Clay Minerals: 45: 564-579.
Zhou, Z.J., Gunter, W.D. (1997) Hydrothermal stability of berthierine: experimental and modeling studies. Proceedings of the 30th International Geological Congress: 19: 3-25.
Bertoldi, C., Dachs, E., Cemič, L., Theye, T., Wirth, R., and Groger, W. (2005) The heat capacity of the serpentine-subgroup mineral berthierine (Fe2.5Al0.5)[Si1.5Al0.5 O5](OH)4. Clays and Clay Minerals: 53: 381-389.

Internet Links for BerthierineHide

Localities for BerthierineHide

This map shows a selection of localities that have latitude and longitude coordinates recorded. Click on the symbol to view information about a locality. The symbol next to localities in the list can be used to jump to that position on the map.

Locality ListHide

- This locality has map coordinates listed. - This locality has estimated coordinates. ⓘ - Click for further information on this occurrence. ? - Indicates mineral may be doubtful at this locality. - Good crystals or important locality for species. - World class for species or very significant. (TL) - Type Locality for a valid mineral species. (FRL) - First Recorded Locality for everything else (eg varieties). Struck out - Mineral was erroneously reported from this locality. Faded * - Never found at this locality but inferred to have existed at some point in the past (eg from pseudomorphs.)

All localities listed without proper references should be considered as questionable.
  • Western Australia
    • Laverton Shire
      • Laverton
        • Windarra Ni Mine (Mount Windarra; Windarra; Discovery gossan; Poseidon deposit)
Riley, J.F. (1975) A nickel-bearing aluminium serpentine (septechlorite) from Western Australia, Mineralogical Magazine, 40:310, 200-202.
  • Oruro
    • Dalence Province
      • Huanuni
Ben Dísraeli collection.
  • Minas Gerais
    • Poços de Caldas alkaline complex
      • Poços de Caldas
Atencio et al. (1999) Canadian Mineralogist 37, 91-98.
  • Sofia City Province
Damyanov, Z., & Vassileva, M. (2001). Authigenic phyllosilicates in the Middle Triassic Kremikovtsi sedimentary exhalative siderite iron formation, Western Balkan, Bulgaria. Clays and clay minerals, 49(6), 559-585.; Damyanov, Z. K. (1998). Ore petrology, whole-rock chemistry and zoning of the Kremikovtsi carbonate-hosted sedimentary exhalative iron (+ Mn)-barite-sulfide deposit, Western Balkan, Bulgaria. Neues Jahrbuch für Mineralogie Abhandlungen, 174, 1-42.
  • British Columbia
    • Golden Mining Division
Pell, Jennifer (1994) Carbonatites, Nepheline Syenites, Kimberlites and Related Rocks in British Columbia. British Columbia Ministry of Energy Bulletin 88.
  • Northwest Territories
    • Yellowknife Pegmatite field
Wise, M.A., Černý, P. (1990) Beusite-triphyllite intergrowths from the Yellowknife pegmatite field, Northwest Territories. The Canadian Mineralogist: 28: 133-139.
  • Nunavut
    • Qikiqtaaluk Region
Handbook of Mineralogy
  • Ontario
    • Cochrane District
      • Timmins area
        • Kidd Township
Jiang, Peacor, & Slack. Clays and Clay Minerals 40:501-514; Canadian Mineralogist Vol. 30,pp. 1127-1142 (1992)
    • Prince Edward County
      • Sophiasburgh Township
Canadian Mineralogist: 23: 213-220.
  • Québec
    • Montérégie
      • La Vallée-du-Richelieu RCM
        • Mont Saint-Hilaire
GRICE, J.D. (1989) Mont Saint-Hilaire, Quebec: Canada's Most Diverse Mineral Locality. In: Famous mineral localities of Canada. Published by Fitzhenry & Whiteside Limited & the National Museum of Natural Sciences, 190 pages: 100-108; 166-175.; HORVÁTH, L., GAULT, R.A. (1990) The mineralogy of Mont Saint-Hilaire. Mineralogical Record, 21, 281-359.
    • Montréal
      • Mont Royal
Tarassoff collection
  • Guangxi
    • Beihai
      • Hepu Co.
Heping Sun and Curtis, C.D. (1988): Acta Mineralogica Sinica 8(2), 97-103
  • Shanghai
    • Chongming Co.
Guijia Zhang, Heping Sun, Congxian Li, and Zhizheng Ye (1991): Acta Mineralogica Sinica 11(1), 39-44
Czech Republic
  • Moravian-Silesian Region
    • Bruntál District
Fojt B.: Ba-minerály železnorudné mineralizace na stratiformním sulfidickém ložisku Horní Benešov v Nízkém Jeseníku. Minerál, 2013, roč. 21, č. 4, s. 311-312.; Mücke A., Dolníček Z., Fojt B., Hladíková J., Pudilová M., Reif J., Škoda R.: The Horní Benešov ore deposit in the Devonian Šternberk-Horní Benešov Belt, Jeseníky Mts, Czech Republic. Part II: Fe-ore occurrences. – Čas. Slez. Muz. Opava (A), 2013, 62, 215-254.
  • Vysočina Region
    • Žďár nad Sázavou District
      • Bory
Schreyer, W., Bernhardt, H.-J., Medenbach, O.: Ferrogedrite, siderophyllite, septechamosite, andalusite and chloritoid as alteration products of sekaninaite (ferrocordierite) from the Dolní Bory pegmatite, Moravia. Russian Geology and Geophysics, 1993, 34, 12, 125-131.
Staněk, J.: Asociace minerálů významnějších pegmatitových žil v Hatích u Dolních Borů na západní Moravě. Acta Musei Moraviae, Scientiae naturales, 1997, roč. 82, 3-19.
  • Kymenlaakso
    • Kotka
Ilkka Mikkola collection
  • Auvergne-Rhône-Alpes
    • Haute-Loire
      • Brioude
        • Mercœur
No reference listed
  • Brittany
    • Finistère
      • Châteaulin
        • Poullaouen
R.PIERROT, L. CHAURIS, C. LAFORET (1973) : "Inventaire minéralogique de la France : 29- Finistère.", B.R.G.M. Paris.
  • Grand Est
    • Moselle
      • Thionville
Handbook of Mineralogy; Philippe Michelin Amethyst's'; Philippe Michelin Amethyst's'; Philippe Michelin Amethyst's
  • Pays de la Loire
    • Loire-Atlantique
      • Châteaubriant-Ancenis
        • Saint-Aubin-des-Châteaux
Moëlo, Y., Gloaguen, E., Lulzac, Y. (2006): III. Les minéraux de Saint-Aubin. Le Cahier des Micromonteurs, 1/2006, 13-25
  • Bavaria
    • Upper Palatinate
      • Neustadt an der Waldnaab District
        • Waidhaus
          • Hagendorf
  • Thuringia
    • Saale-Orla District
      • Wurzbach
        • Weitisberga
Wittern: "Mineralfundorte in Deutschland", 2001
  • Baranya County
    • Komló District
      • Komló
Szakáll, S., Fehér, B. & Tóth, L. (2016): Magyarország ásványai [Minerals of Hungary]. GeoLitera, Szeged (in Hungarian).
    • Pécs District
  • Veszprém County
    • Ajka district
      • Halimba
Szakáll, S., Gatter, I., Szendrei, G. (2005): A Magyarországi Ásványfajok. (The Mineral Species of Hungary). Kőország Kiadó, Budapest, 427. (in Hungarian)
  • Piedmont
    • Cuneo Province
      • Valdieri
        • San Lorenzo
Parola, F. (2015): I minerali della Miniera del Lausetto in Valle Gesso (Cuneo). Tesi di laurea in Scienze Geologiche. Università degli Studi di Torino, Dipartimento di Scienze della Terra, Torino, 47 pp.
    • Metropolitan City of Turin
      • Léssolo
        • Cálea
Campostrini, I. (2001) Le miniere di Brosso. Monografie XXIX. Museo Regionale di Scienze Naturali, Ed., Torino, 185 pages.
    • Verbano-Cusio-Ossola Province
      • Baveno
        • Feriolo
Piccoli, G.C., Maletto, G., Bosio, P., Lombardo, B. (2007): Minerali del Piemonte e della Valle d'Aosta. Associazione Amici del Museo "F. Eusebio" di Alba, Ed., Alba, 607 pp.
        • Oltrefiume
          • Mount Camoscio
Grill, E. (1935): I minerali del granito di Baveno, la fayalite. Periodico di Mineralogia, 129-133. - Gallitelli, P. (1936): Le miche del granito di Baveno. . Periodico di Mineralogia, 61-76 - Pagliani, G. (1948): Le Zeoliti del granito di Baveno. Periodico di Mineralogia, 175-188. - Ravagnani, D. (1974): I giacimenti uraniferi italiani - Gruppo Mineralogico Lombardo - Museo Civico di Storia Naturale di Milano, Ed., Milano, 188 pp. - min. Rec. 14 (3), 157-168 - Am. Min. 83, 1330-1334 (1998) - Am. Min. 84, 782-789 (1999). - Guastoni, A. & Pezzotta, F. (2004): Kristiansenite a Baveno, second ritrovamento Mondiale della specie. Rivista Mineralogica Italiana, 4/2004, 247-251. - Guastoni, A., Demartin, F., Pezzotta, F. (2004): Sekaninaite delle pegmatiti granitiche di Feriolo e Baveno (VB). Atti della Società Italiana di Scienze Naturali e del Museo Civico di Storia Naturale di Milano, 145, 59-68. - Mineralogist americano (2005) 90, 1442-1452.
Piccoli, G.C., Maletto, G., Bosio, P., Lombardo, B. (2007). Minerali del Piemonte e della Valle d'Aosta. Associazione Amici del Museo "F. Eusebio" Alba, Ed., Alba (Cuneo) 607 pp.
  • Sardinia
    • Nuoro Province
      • Gadoni
Stara, P., Rizzo, R., Sabelli, C., Ibba, A. (1999): I minerali di Funtana Raminosa. Rivista Mineralogica Italiana, 1/1999, 10-27.
    • South Sardinia Province
      • Fluminimaggiore
        • Oridda Valley
Olmi, F., Sabelli, C., Santucci, A. & Brizzi, G. (1995): Les minéraux rares de Sardaigne. Le Règne Minéral, 4/1995, 4-25
  • Trentino-Alto Adige
    • Trento Province (Trentino)
      • Canal San Bovo
        • Vanoi Valley
          • Pralongo
Venzo, Z., Bittarello, E., Canal, A., Ciriotti, M.E., Gasparetto, P., Pegoraro, S., Toffolo, L., Tosato, F. (2017): La Cava di granito "Grisotto" in località Pralongo, Valle del Vanoi, Canal San Bovo. Trento. Micro, 15, 1-2017, 44-62.
  • Saitama Prefecture
    • Chichibu City
      • Ohtaki-mura
        • Nakatsugawa
The Mineral Species of Japan (5th ed) Matsubara
  • Kostanay Region
    • Lisakovsk
Rudmin, M.; Reva, I.; Sokol, E.; Abdullayev, E.; Ruban, A.; Kudryavtsev, A.; Tolkachev, O.; Mazurov, A. (2020) Minerals of Rare Earth Elements in High-Phosphorus Ooidal Ironstones of the Western Siberia and Turgai Depression. Minerals 10, 11.
New Zealand
  • Canterbury Region
    • Waimate District
      • Waihaorunga
Coombs, D. S., Zhao, G., & Peacor, D. R. (2000). Manganoan berthierine, Meyers Pass, New Zealand: occurrence in the prehnite-pumpellyite facies. Mineralogical Magazine, 64(6), 1037-1046.
  • Southland Region
    • Southland District
Gejing Li et al. : "Solid solution in the celadonite family: The new minerals ferroceladonite and and ferroaluminoceladonite", American Mineralogist, Volume 82, pages 503–511, 1997
  • Agadez
    • Aïr Mountains
      • South Aïr
Wolley, A.R. (2001): Alkaline Rocks and Carbonatites of the World: Africa.- The Geological Society, London
  • Łódź Voivodeship
    • Opoczno County
Kozłowska, A., Maliszewska, A. (2015): Berthierine in the Middle Jurassic sideritic rocks from southern Poland. Geological Quarterly: 59(3): 551-564
    • Piotrków County
      • Aleksandrów Commune
Kozłowska, A., Maliszewska, A. (2015): Berthierine in the Middle Jurassic sideritic rocks from southern Poland. Geological Quarterly: 59(3): 551-564
  • Altai Krai
Rudmin, M.; Reva, I.; Sokol, E.; Abdullayev, E.; Ruban, A.; Kudryavtsev, A.; Tolkachev, O.; Mazurov, A. (2020) Minerals of Rare Earth Elements in High-Phosphorus Ooidal Ironstones of the Western Siberia and Turgai Depression. Minerals 10, 11.
Handbook of Mineralogy
  • Komi Republic
    • Timan Range
Mordberg, L.E. (1999): Journal of Geochemical Exploration 66(1/2), 353-361.
  • Krasnoyarsk Krai
    • Taymyrskiy Autonomous Okrug
      • Taimyr Peninsula
        • Putoran Plateau
          • Noril'sk
            • Talnakh Cu-Ni Deposit
Mariya S. Alferova (2007) Grossular, Vesuvianite and Achtarandite Mineralogy of the Talnakh Region. New Data on Minerals 42:50-61
  • Murmansk Oblast
  • Zabaykalsky Krai
    • Krasnokamensk
      • Strel'tsovskoe Mo-U ore field
Laverov, N.P., Petrov, V.A., Poluektov, V.V., Nasimov, R.M., Hammer, J., Burmistrov, A.A., and Shchukin, S.I. (2008): Geology of Ore Deposits 50(5), 339-361.
  • Andalusia
    • Córdoba
      • Hornachuelos
        • Sierra Albarrana
Maria del Mar Abad-Ortega and Fernando Nieto, Eur. Journ. Mineral. , 1995, 7, pp. 363-367.
  • Södermanland County
    • Eskilstuna
  • England
    • County Durham
Handbook of Mineralogy
    • North Yorkshire
      • Scarborough
        • Osgodby
Jason Evans collection
        • Scarborough
Gunnar Färber specimens
    • Northamptonshire
      • Corby
        • Weldon
Handbook of Mineralogy
    • West Sussex
      • Mid Sussex
Handbook of Mineralogy
Handbook of Mineralogy
Tindle, A.G. (2008) Minerals of Britian and Ireland
  • California
    • Santa Clara Co.
      • Black Wonder Mining District
        • Mount Hamilton
  • Colorado
    • San Juan Co.
      • Elk Park
Minerals of Colorado (1997) Eckel, E. B.
  • Kentucky
    • Rockcastle Co.
  • Maine
    • Androscoggin Co.
      • Auburn
        • West Mount Apatite Mining District
Wise, M. A. (2007). Crystallization of 'pocket' berthierine from the pulsifer granitic pegmatite, Poland, Maine, USA. Clays and Clay Minerals, 55(6), 583-592.
  • Wyoming
    • Fremont Co.
Rocks & Minerals 76:382
  • Samarqand
    • North Nuratau Mountains
      • Zarmitan
Gromova, E. I.; Glotov, A. M.; Khrenov, V. A.; Lipskaya, V. I. (1980): Gold-​silver-​antimony mineralization in Charmitan deposits. Uzbekiston Geologiya Zhurnali 1980 (5), 8-11 (in Russian).
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