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Beryllium

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Beryllium is a toxic white-grey light metal.


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Properties of BerylliumHide

Atomic Number:
4
Atomic Weight:
9.012182(3)
Melting Point:
1560 K (1833°C, 2348°F)
Boiling Point:
2743 K (3016°C, 4477°F)
Density:
1.85 g/cm3

Beryllium in HistoryHide

Although it was first discovered in 1797 by French chemist Louis-Nicolas Vauquelin, it wasn't until 1898 that Paul Lebeau produced the first pure (99.5%+) samples of beryllium.

The first commercially successful process for producing beryllium was developed in 1932.

Other Commodities associated with Beryllium *Hide

CommodityAssociated LocalitiesTotal Localities% Association (commodity)% Association (Beryllium)
Mica902,3203.88% of all Mica deposits have Beryllium.20.88% of all Beryllium deposits have Mica.
Feldspar651,2965.02% of all Feldspar deposits have Beryllium.15.08% of all Beryllium deposits have Feldspar.
Uranium447,1490.62% of all Uranium deposits have Beryllium.10.21% of all Beryllium deposits have Uranium.
Niobium (Columbium)3515422.73% of all Niobium (Columbium) deposits have Beryllium.8.12% of all Beryllium deposits have Niobium (Columbium).
Tantalum3411230.36% of all Tantalum deposits have Beryllium.7.89% of all Beryllium deposits have Tantalum.
Copper289,4690.30% of all Copper deposits have Beryllium.6.50% of all Beryllium deposits have Copper.
Thorium285814.82% of all Thorium deposits have Beryllium.6.50% of all Beryllium deposits have Thorium.
Gemstones277423.64% of all Gemstones deposits have Beryllium.6.26% of all Beryllium deposits have Gemstones.
* in exploitable quantities, based on associations listed on mindat.org

Important ores of BerylliumHide

Processing BerylliumHide

Beryllium is extracted from the beryllium silicate ore by either sintering or melting into a soluble mixutre.

The sintering process uses sodium fluorosilicate and soda at around 770 °C (1,420 °F) to create sodium fluoroberyllate which is then decomposed to beryllium hydroxide with water.

The melt process involves heating the ore to 1,650 °C (3,000 °F) and quickly cooling with water and reheating in concentrated sulfuric acid to produce beryllium sulfate, which is treated with ammonia to produce the hydroxide.

The hydroxide can be converted into the fluoride, which can then be heated with magnesium to release beryllium metal.

Environmental ConcernsHide

Although beryllium metal is toxic the silicate ores are non-toxic and do not pose any specific environmental concerns.

Deposits of BerylliumHide

This map shows a selection of deposits that have latitude and longitude coordinates recorded. Click on the symbol to view information about a locality. The symbol next to localities in the list can be used to jump to that position on the map.

Locality ListHide

- This locality has map coordinates listed. - This locality has estimated coordinates.
Afghanistan
 
  • Wardak
    • Maydan Shahr District
Australia
 
  • New South Wales
    • Clive Co.
  • Western Australia
    • Upper Gascoyne Shire
      • Yinnietharra (Yinnietharra Station; Yinnetharra)
Brazil
 
  • Goiás
  • Minas Gerais
    • Padre Paraíso
China
 
  • Sichuan
    • Garzê Autonomous Prefecture (Ganzi Autonomous Prefecture)
      • Kangding Co.
        • Kangding pegmatite field
    • Mianyang
      • Pingwu Co.
    • Ngawa Autonomous Prefecture (Aba Autonomous Prefecture)
      • Jinchuan Co.
  • Xinjiang
    • Hetian Prefecture (Khotan Prefecture; Hotan Prefecture; Hoten Prefecture)
      • Pishan Co. (Pixina Co.; Guma Co.)
    • Yili Hasake Autonomous Prefecture (Ili Kazakh Autonomous Prefecture)
      • Aletai Prefecture (Altay Prefecture)
        • Fuhai Co. (Burultokay Co.)
          • Kalu’an-Azubai Pegmatite Field
DR Congo
 
Madagascar
 
  • Amoron'i Mania
    • Ambatofinandrahana
      • Mandrosonoro
        • Ankiperatra pegmatites
  • Analamanga
    • Anjozorobe
      • Marotsipoy
    • Ankazobe District
      • Ambolotarakely
      • Tsaramasoandro
  • Betsiboka
    • Maevatanana
      • Mahazoma
    • Tsaratanàna
      • Bekapaika Commune
  • Haute Matsiatra
    • Ikalamavony
      • Fitampito
      • Ikalamavony Commune
  • Sofia
    • Bealanana District
      • Antsamaka Commune
Mauritania
 
  • Adrar Region
    • Atar
  • Dakhlet Nouadhibou Region
    • Chami
  • Inchiri Region
    • Akjoujt (Akjout; Fort Repoux)
    • Chami
Mexico
 
  • Coahuila
    • Acuna Municipality
Namibia
 
  • Erongo Region
    • Arandis
  • ǁKaras Region
    • Karasburg West
Norway
 
  • Aust-Agder
    • Gjerstad
      • Brenndalsmo
  • Nordland
    • Meløy
      • Glomfjord
  • Østfold
    • Halden
Russia
 
  • Buryatia
    • Eastern Sayan
  • Zabaykalsky Krai
South Africa
 
  • Northern Cape
    • ZF Mgcawu
      • Kai !Garib
        • Kenhardt
Thailand
 
  • Kanchanaburi Province
  • Phuket Province
  • Prachuap Khiri Khan Province
USA
 
  • Alabama
    • Clay Co.
    • Cleburne Co.
  • Alaska
    • Denali Borough
      • Kantishna Mining District
    • Juneau
      • Juneau Mining District
    • Kenai Peninsula Borough
      • Hope Mining District
    • Matanuska-Susitna Borough
      • Willow Creek Mining District
    • Nome Census Area
      • Council Mining District
      • Nome Mining District
      • Port Clarence Mining District
    • Northwest Arctic Borough
      • Noatak Mining District
    • Prince of Wales-Hyder Census Area
      • Ketchikan Mining District
        • Prince of Wales Island
          • Kendrick Bay
            • West Arm Kendrick Bay
            • West Arm of Kendrick Bay
    • Wrangel City and Bourough
      • Petersburg Mining District
    • Yukon-Koyukuk Census Area
      • Iditarod Mining District
      • Koyukuk Mining District
      • Sheenjek Mining District
      • Shungnak Mining District
  • Arizona
    • Gila Co.
      • Dripping Spring Mountains
        • Banner Mining District
          • Christmas
    • Graham Co.
      • Aravaipa Mining District
    • Mohave County
      • Aquarius Cliffs
      • Aquarius Mountains (Aquarius Range; Peacock Range)
        • Wikieup
      • Black Mountains
        • Oatman Mining District
          • Oatman
          • Union Pass Mining District (Katherine Mining District)
            • Union Pass
      • Golden Valley
      • Hualapai Mountains
        • Boriana Mining District
          • Bull Canyon
        • Diamond Joe Mining District
          • Diamond Joe Peak
        • Kingman Mining District
          • Kingman area
      • Peach Springs vicinity
        • Wright Creek Ranch area
      • Virgin Mountains
        • Virgin Peak (Bunkerville Mt.)
  • California
    • Fresno Co.
      • Sanger
    • Plumas Co.
      • Thompson Peak
    • San Diego County
      • Warner Springs Mining District
        • Puerta La Cruz
  • Colorado
    • Boulder Co.
      • Crystal Mountain
      • Left Hand Creek Mining District
      • Ward Mining District
    • Chaffee Co.
      • Monarch Mining District
      • Mt Antero
      • Turret Mining District
    • Clear Creek Co.
      • Clear Creek Pegmatite Province
      • Floyd Hill
      • Lower Clear Creek Area
    • El Paso Co.
      • Crystal Park
    • Fremont Co.
      • Devils Hole Area
      • Eight Mile Park Pegmatite Mining District
      • Lookout Mountain Area
      • McIntyre Hills Area
      • Pleasanton Area
    • Grand Co.
    • Gunnison Co.
      • Curecanti Needle Area
      • Quartz Creek Pegmatite Mining District
      • Rock Creek Mining District
    • Jefferson Co.
    • Larimer Co.
      • Crystal Mountain Pegmatite Mining District (Storm Mountain Mining District)
      • Livermore Area
      • Manhattan Mining District
      • Masonville Mining District
      • Mayesville Mining District
      • Poudre Park Area
      • Prairie Divide Mining District (St. Cloud Mining District)
    • Mesa Co.
      • Uravan Mining District
    • Park Co.
      • Guffey Mining District
      • Lake George
      • Lake George (Badger Flats) Area
      • Lake George Beryllium area (Badger Flats Beryllium area; Mountain Dale)
      • Micanite Mining District
    • Summit Co.
      • Kokomo-Tenmile area
      • Monte Cristo Area
    • Teller Co.
      • Pikes Peak batholith
  • Connecticut
    • Middlesex Co.
      • Haddam
  • Georgia
    • Troup Co.
  • Idaho
    • Ada Co.
      • Boise Mining District
    • Boise Co.
      • Atlanta Area
    • Bonner Co.
      • Priest Lake Mining District
    • Cassia Co.
      • Almo Area
    • Clearwater Co.
      • Pierce City Mining District (Placer Mining District)
      • Unorganized Mining District
        • Stocking Meadows area
      • Weippe Mining District (Musselshell Mining District)
        • Weippe
    • Custer Co.
      • Rocky Bar Area
      • Stanley Basin Mining District
    • Elmore Co.
      • Leggit Creek - La Moyne Creek Area
      • Roaring River Mining District
      • Snowyside Peak Area
    • Gem Co.
    • Latah Co.
      • Avon Mining District (Mica Mountain Mining District)
      • Princeton - Harvard Area
    • Lemhi Co.
      • Idaho Primitive Area
    • Shoshone Co.
      • Avery Mining District
    • Sagadahoc Co.
      • Topsham
  • Maryland
    • Howard Co.
      • Scaggsville
  • Michigan
    • Baraga Co.
  • Montana
    • Deer Lodge Co.
      • Anaconda Range
    • Jefferson Co.
    • Mineral Co.
    • Missoula Co.
    • Ravalli Co.
      • Anaconda Range
      • Sula Mining District
  • Nevada
    • Churchill Co.
      • Clan Alpine Mountains
        • Chalk Mountain Mining District
    • Clark Co.
      • Searchlight Mining District
      • Virgin Mountains
        • Bunkerville Mining District
    • Elko Co.
      • Harrison Pass Mining District
      • Ruby Valley Mining District
      • Valley View Mining District
  • New Hampshire
    • Cheshire Co.
      • Walpole
    • Sullivan Co.
      • South Acworth
  • New Mexico
    • Mora Co.
    • Rio Arriba Co.
      • Petaca District
        • Las Tablas
    • San Miguel Co.
      • Elk Mountain District
      • Tecolote District
    • Santa Fe Co.
      • Nambe District
    • Sierra Co.
      • Iron Mountain No. 2 District
    • Socorro Co.
    • Taos Co.
      • Picuris District
  • North Carolina
    • Burke Co.
      • South Mountain Mining District
    • Caldwell Co.
      • Blue Ridge Mining District
    • Cleveland Co.
      • Gaffney
      • Kings Mountain Mining District
    • Gaston Co.
      • Carolina Tin-Spodumene Belt
        • Bessemer City
    • Lincoln Co.
    • Mitchell Co.
    • Swain Co.
    • Watauga Co.
  • Oregon
    • Douglas Co.
    • Jackson Co.
      • Trail Mining District
    • Josephine Co.
      • Gold Hill Mining District
  • South Dakota
    • Custer Co.
      • Custer Mining District
        • Custer
          • Beecher Lode
        • Pringle
        • Vestal Springs
      • Keystone
      • Unorganized mining district [1]
    • Pennington Co.
      • Hill City Mining District
      • Keystone Mining District
      • Oreville Mining District
      • Unorganized mining district [5]
  • Utah
    • Davis Co.
      • Hot Springs Mining District (Adams Mining District)
    • Juab Co.
      • Dugway
      • Honeycomb Hills
      • Honeycomb Hills Area
      • Spring Creek Area
      • Spring Creek Mining District
      • Thomas Range
        • Spor Mountain
      • Tintic Mining District
        • Mammoth
      • Trout Creek Mining District (Johnson Peak Mining District)
    • Millard Co.
    • Tooele Co.
      • Dugway Range
        • Dugway Mountains Mining District
      • Gold Hill Mining District (Clifton Mining District)
      • Sheeprock Mountains
        • Columbia Mining District
  • Virginia
    • Amelia Co.
      • Amelia (Amelia Court House)
    • Charlotte Co.
      • Charlotte-Cumberland
  • Washington
    • Stevens Co.
      • Chewelah Mining District
        • Chewelah
      • Kettle Falls Mining District
  • Wyoming
    • Albany Co.
    • Carbon Co.
    • Converse Co.
    • Fremont Co.
      • Copper Mountain Mining District
    • Goshen Co.
      • Hartville Mining District
    • Lincoln Co.
 
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