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Phonolite

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About PhonoliteHide

Phonolitic rocks, with felsics comprising 10-60% foids and alkali feldspar/total feldspar >0.9.

The extrusive or fine grained equivalent of nepheline syenite. The principal mineral is anorthoclase or sanidine. Other major minerals may be nepheline, aegirine and diopside, usually with other feldspathoidal minerals such as sodalite or hauyne. Accessories include apatite and sphene.


Classification of PhonoliteHide

QAPF_V_11.png

Phonolite appears in field 11 in the QAPF diagram.^TAS

Sub-divisions of PhonoliteHide

Mineralogy of PhonoliteHide

Essential minerals - these are minerals that are required within the classification of this rock:
Feldspar > Alkali FeldsparFeldspar Group minerals rich in Potassium or Sodium.
Non-essential minerals - these minerals are common, sometimes major components, but are not always present:
Feldspathoid > Haüyne(Na,K)3(Ca,Na)(Al3Si3O12)(SO4,S,Cl)
Feldspathoid > NephelineNa3K(Al4Si4O16)

Age distributionHide

Recorded ages:
Phanerozoic : 131 Ma to Ma - based on 12 recorded ages.

Internet Links for PhonoliteHide

mindat.org URL:
https://www.mindat.org/min-48540.html
Please feel free to link to this page.

Localities for PhonoliteHide

This map shows a selection of localities that have latitude and longitude coordinates recorded. Click on the symbol to view information about a locality. The symbol next to localities in the list can be used to jump to that position on the map.

Locality ListHide

- This locality has map coordinates listed. - This locality has estimated coordinates. ⓘ - Click for further information on this occurrence. ? - Indicates mineral may be doubtful at this locality. - Good crystals or important locality for species. - World class for species or very significant. (TL) - Type Locality for a valid mineral species. (FRL) - First Recorded Locality for everything else (eg varieties). Struck out - Mineral was erroneously reported from this locality. Faded * - Never found at this locality but inferred to have existed at some point in the past (eg from pseudomorphs.)

All localities listed without proper references should be considered as questionable.
Afghanistan
 
  • Helmand
    • Dushan District
      • Khanneshin complex
Vikhter, B. Y., Yeremenko, G. K., & Chmyrev, V. M. (1976). A young volcanogenic carbonatite complex in Afghanistan. International Geology Review, 18(11), 1305-1312. Mars, J. C., & Rowan, L. C. (2011). ASTER spectral analysis and lithologic mapping of the Khanneshin carbonatite volcano, Afghanistan. Geosphere, 7(1), 276-289.
Angola
 
  • Huambo Province
    • Londuimbali City Council
[Tinguaite] Amores-Casals, S.; Gonçalves, A.O.; Melgarejo, J.-C.; Molist, J.M. (2020) Nb and REE Distribution in the Monte Verde Carbonatite–Alkaline–Agpaitic Complex (Angola). Minerals 10, 5.
Antarctica
 
  • Eastern Antarctica
    • Victoria Land
Smith, W. C. (1959). The Volcanic Rocks of Cape Adare, South Victoria Land. British Antarctic Expedition, 1910. National Antarctic Expedition, Natural History Reports, Geology, II, No 2. British Museum (Natural History), London, 109-150.
Harrington, H. J., Wood, B. L., McKellar, I. C., & Lensen, G. J. (1967). Topography and geology of the Cape Hallett-Tucker Glacier district, Antarctica. Bull. NZ. Geo!. Surv, 80, 100. Hamilton, W. B. (1972). The Hallett Volcanic Province, Antarctica (No. 456-C), 1-62
LeMasurier, W. E., Thomson, J. W., Baker, P. E., Kyle, P. R., Rowley, P. D., Smellie, J. L., & Verwoerd, W. J. (1990). Volcanoes of the Antarctic Plate and Southern Ocean (Vol. 48). American Geophysical Union, 117-119
LeMasurier, W. E., Thomson, J. W., Baker, P. E., Kyle, P. R., Rowley, P. D., Smellie, J. L., & Verwoerd, W. J. (1990). Volcanoes of the Antarctic Plate and Southern Ocean (Vol. 48). American Geophysical Union, 120-123
Martin, A. P., Cooper, A. F., & Price, R. C. (2013). Petrogenesis of Cenozoic, alkalic volcanic lineages at Mount Morning, West Antarctica and their entrained lithospheric mantle xenoliths: Lithospheric versus asthenospheric mantle sources. Geochimica et Cosmochimica Acta, 122, 127-152.
Gair, H. S. (1967). The geology from the upper Rennick Glacier to the coast, northern Victoria Land, Antarctica. New Zealand journal of geology and geophysics, 10(2), 309-344. LeMasurier, W. E., Thomson, J. W., Baker, P. E., Kyle, P. R., Rowley, P. D., Smellie, J. L., & Verwoerd, W. J. (1990). Volcanoes of the Antarctic Plate and Southern Ocean (Vol. 48). American Geophysical Union, 65-68
Armienti, P., & Tripodo, A. (1991). Petrography and geochemistry of lavas and comagmatic xenoliths of Mt. Rittmann, a volcano discovered during the IV Italian Expedition in Northern Victoria Land (Antarctica). Memorie della Società Geologica Italiana, (46), 427-451.
      • Ross Archipelago
Cole, J. W., & Ewart, A. (1968). Contributions to the volcanic geology of the Black Island, Brown Peninsula, and Cape Bird areas, Mcmurdo sound, Antarctica. New Zealand Journal of Geology and Geophysics, 11(4), 793-828. Goldich, S. S., Treves, S. B., Suhr, N. H., & Stuckless, J. S. (1975). Geochemistry of the Cenozoic volcanic rocks of Ross Island and vicinity, Antarctica. The Journal of Geology, 83(4), 415-435.
Kyle, P. R., Adams, J., & Rankin, P. C. (1979). Geology and petrology of the McMurdo volcanic group at Rainbow Ridge, Brown Peninsula, Antarctica. Geological Society of America Bulletin, 90(7), 676-688. LeMasurier, W. E., Thomson, J. W., Baker, P. E., Kyle, P. R., Rowley, P. D., Smellie, J. L., & Verwoerd, W. J. (1990). Volcanoes of the Antarctic Plate and Southern Ocean (Vol. 48). American Geophysical Union, 99-102, 113-116 SMITH, W. (1954). The volcanic rocks of the Ross Archipelago. British Antarctic (“Terra Nova”) Expedition, 1910 Natural History Report. Geology, II, No 2. British Museum, London.
        • Ross Island
Kyle, P. R. (1981). Mineralogy and geochemistry of a basanite to phonolite sequence at Hut Point Peninsula, Antarctica, based on core from Dry Valley Drilling Project Drillholes 1, 2 and 3. Journal of Petrology, 22(4), 451-500.
LeMasurier, W. E., Thomson, J. W., Baker, P. E., Kyle, P. R., Rowley, P. D., Smellie, J. L., & Verwoerd, W. J. (1990). Volcanoes of the Antarctic Plate and Southern Ocean (Vol. 48). American Geophysical Union, 97-98 Goldich, S. S., Treves, S. B., Suhr, N. H., & Stuckless, J. S. (1975). Geochemistry of the Cenozoic volcanic rocks of Ross Island and vicinity, Antarctica. The Journal of Geology, 83(4), 415-435.
Kammerer, M. M. (2011). Nature and origin of salt deposits around the crater of Erebus volcano, Antarctica (Master dissertation, New Mexico Institute of Mining and Technology).
LeMasurier, W. E., Thomson, J. W., Baker, P. E., Kyle, P. R., Rowley, P. D., Smellie, J. L., & Verwoerd, W. J. (1990). Volcanoes of the Antarctic Plate and Southern Ocean (Vol. 48). American Geophysical Union, 99-102 Jones, L. M. (1972). GEOCHEMISTRY OF MCMURDO VOLCANICS, VICTORIA LAND. 1. STRONTIUM ISOTOPE COMPOSITION. Antarctic Journal of the United States, 7(5), 142-144.
Yoshida, Y., Kaminuma, K., & Shiraishi, K. (1992). Recent progress in Antarctic earth science. Tokyo: Terra Sci Pub Com, 257-264
LeMasurier, W. E., Thomson, J. W., Baker, P. E., Kyle, P. R., Rowley, P. D., Smellie, J. L., & Verwoerd, W. J. (1990). Volcanoes of the Antarctic Plate and Southern Ocean (Vol. 48). American Geophysical Union, 60-64 Kyle, P. R., & Rankin, P. C. (1976). Rare earth element geochemistry of Late Cenozoic alkaline lavas of the McMurdo Volcanic Group, Antarctica. Geochimica et Cosmochimica Acta, 40(12), 1497-1507. Stump, E. (1986). Geological investigations in northern Victoria Land (Vol. 46). American Geophysical Union, 305-337
  • Western Antarctica
    • Marie Byrd Land
      • Crary Mountains
Boudette, E.L., Ford, A.B. (1966) Physical properties of anorthoclase from Antarctica. The American Mineralogist, 51(9-10), 1374-1387. LeMasurier, W.E., Rex, D.C. (1982) Eruptive potential of volcanoes in Marie Byrd Land. Antarctic Journal of the United States, 17, 34-36. LeMasurier, W.E., Rex, D.C. (1982) Volcanic record of Cenozoic glacial history in Marie Byrd Land and Western Ellsworth Land: Revised chronology and evaluation of tectonic factors. In: Craddock, C. (ed.) (1977) Antarctic Geoscience, University of Wisconsin Press, Madison, WI, 725-734.
Boudette, E.L., Ford, A.B. (1966) Physical properties of anorthoclase from Antarctica. The American Mineralogist, 51(9-10), 1374-1387. LeMasurier, W.E., Rex, D.C. (1982) Eruptive potential of volcanoes in Marie Byrd Land. Antarctic Journal of the United States, 17, 34-36. LeMasurier, W.E., Rex, D.C. (1982) Volcanic record of Cenozoic glacial history in Marie Byrd Land and Western Ellsworth Land: Revised chronology and evaluation of tectonic factors. In: Craddock, C. (ed.) (1977) Antarctic Geoscience, University of Wisconsin Press, Madison, WI, 725-734.
      • Executive Committee Range
Woolley A.R. (2019) Alkaline Rocks and Carbonatites of the World. Part 4: Antarctica, Asia and Europe, p. 8
Woolley A.R. (2019) Alkaline Rocks and Carbonatites of the World. Part 4: Antarctica, Asia and Europe, p. 8
      • Flood Range
LeMasurier, W. E., Thomson, J. W., Baker, P. E., Kyle, P. R., Rowley, P. D., Smellie, J. L., & Verwoerd, W. J. (1990). Volcanoes of the Antarctic Plate and Southern Ocean (Vol. 48). American Geophysical Union, 229-233
        • Mount Bursey
LeMasurier, W. E., Thomson, J. W., Baker, P. E., Kyle, P. R., Rowley, P. D., Smellie, J. L., & Verwoerd, W. J. (1990). Volcanoes of the Antarctic Plate and Southern Ocean (Vol. 48). American Geophysical Union, 221-224
Adie, R. J. (Ed.). (1972). Antarctic Geology and Geophysics. Universitetsforlaget, Oslo, 261-275
Hart, S. R., Blusztajn, J., LeMasurier, W. E., & Rex, D. C. (1997). Hobbs Coast Cenozoic volcanism: implications for the West Antarctic rift system. Chemical Geology, 139(1-4), 223-248.
Australia
 
  • New South Wales
    • Clarke Co.
      • Rockvale
[Tinguaite] Gilligan, L.B., Brownlow, J.W., Cameron, R.G., Henley, H.F. (1992) Metallogenic Study and Mineral Deposit Data Sheets: Dorrigo-Coffs Harbour 1:250 000 Metallogenic Map SH/56-10, SH/56-11. Geological Survey of New South Wales, Sydney, 509 pages.
Brazil
 
  • Minas Gerais
Andrezza Azzi, Daniel Atencio, Marcelo Andrade, Reynaldo Contreira (2018) Crystal-chemistry of Y-poor hainite-(Y) from Poços de Caldas alkaline complex, Minas Gerais, Brazil. in abstracts of the 22nd IMA Meeting Melbourne p 226
China
 
  • Anhui
    • Ma'anshan
      • He County
Tao, K., Xie, J., Huang, G., Yin, J., Yang, Z., Wang, Q. & Yu, Y. 1996. Volcanic Geology and Mineral Resources in Jiangsu and Zhejiang Provinces. Field Trip Guide 4, 30th International Geological Congress, 4-14 August 1996, Beijing, China, Y324.1-34.
  • Beijing
    • Pinggu District
Yu, J., Fu, H., Zhang, F., & Wan, F. (1994). Petrogenesis of potassic alkaline volcanics associated with rapakivi granites in the Proterozoic rift of Beijing, China. Mineralogy and Petrology, 50(1-3), 83-96.
  • Heilongjiang
    • Mudanjiang
      • Ning'an City
Chen, J. C., Hsu, C. N., & Ho, K. S. (2003). Geochemistry of Cenozoic volcanic rocks and related ultramafic xenoliths from the Jilin and Heilongjiang provinces, northeast China. Journal of Asian Earth Sciences, 21(9), 1069-1084. Zhang, Z., Feng, C., Li, Z., Li, S., Xin, Y., Li, Z., & Wang, X. (2002). Petrochemical study of the Jingpohu Holocene alkali basaltic rocks, northeastern China. Geochemical Journal, 36(2), 133-153.
  • Liaoning
    • Dandong
      • Kuandian County
[Tinguaite] MOU, B., & YAN, G. (1992). Geological features of Triassic alkaline and subalkaline igneous complexes in the Yan-Liao area. ACTA GEOLOGICA SINICA-ENGLISH EDITION, 5(4), 339-355. Saima Deposit Research Group. (1978). Uranium deposit in the Saima alkaline massif, Northeast China. Sci. Sinica, 21, 365-389. Wu, F. Y., Yang, Y. H., Marks, M. A., Liu, Z. C., Zhou, Q., Ge, W. C., ... & Markl, G. (2010). In situ U–Pb, Sr, Nd and Hf isotopic analysis of eudialyte by LA-(MC)-ICP-MS. Chemical Geology, 273(1-2), 8-34. Wu, B., Wang, R. C., Yang, J. H., Wu, F. Y., Zhang, W. L., Gu, X. P., & Zhang, A. C. (2015). Wadeite (K2ZrSi3O9), an alkali-zirconosilicate from the Saima agpaitic rocks in northeastern China: Its origin and response to multi-stage activities of alkaline fluids. Lithos, 224, 126-142.
  • Shanxi
    • Lüliang
      • Xing County
Ying, J., Zhang, H., Sun, M., Tang, Y., Zhou, X., & Liu, X. (2007). Petrology and geochemistry of Zijinshan alkaline intrusive complex in Shanxi Province, western North China Craton: implication for magma mixing of different sources in an extensional regime. Lithos, 98(1-4), 45-66. Yang, Z., & Woolley, A. (2006). Carbonatites in China: a review. Journal of Asian Earth Sciences, 27(5), 559-575.
  • Tibet
    • Nagchu Prefecture (Naqu Prefecture)
      • Nyima Co. (Nima Co.)
Zhao, Z., Mo, X., Dilek, Y., Niu, Y., DePaolo, D. J., Robinson, P., ... & Luo, Z. (2009). Geochemical and Sr–Nd–Pb–O isotopic compositions of the post-collisional ultrapotassic magmatism in SW Tibet: petrogenesis and implications for India intra-continental subduction beneath southern Tibet. Lithos, 113(1-2), 190-212. Zhao, Z. D., Mo, X. X., Nomade, S., Renne, P. R., Zhou, S., Dong, G. C., ... & Liao, Z. L. (2006). Post-collisional ultrapotassic rocks in Lhasa block, Tibetan Plateau: Spatial and temporal distribution and its' implications. Acta Petrologica Sinica, 22(4), 787-794.
Ding, L., Kapp, P., Zhong, D., & Deng, W. (2003). Cenozoic volcanism in Tibet: evidence for a transition from oceanic to continental subduction. Journal of Petrology, 44(10), 1833-1865.
Denmark
 
  • Greenland
    • Sermersooq
      • Blosseville Coast
        • Cape Dalton
[Tinguaite] Woolley, A.R.: Alkaline Rocks and Carbonatites of the World. Part 1: North and South America. British Museum (Natural History), London, 1987 [cited in http://www.koeln.netsurf.de/~w.steffens/green.htm]
Eritrea
 
  • Northern Red Sea Region
Namias, I. (1892) Contributo allo studio di alcune rocce d'Abissinia. Atti della Società dei Naturalisti e Matematici di Modena, serie 3, 12 (27), 87-94.
France
 
  • Auvergne-Rhône-Alpes
    • Cantal
      • Vic-sur-Cère
Belot, Victor R. (1978) Guide des minéraux, coquillages et fossiles: où les trouver en France, comment les reconnaître et les collectionner (Guides Horay). Pierre Horay (Ed.), 224 pp.
Belot, Victor R. (1978) Guide des minéraux, coquillages et fossiles: où les trouver en France, comment les reconnaître et les collectionner (Guides Horay). Pierre Horay (Ed.), 224 pp.
Germany
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Geology_of_Germany
  • Baden-Württemberg
    • Freiburg
      • Breisgau-Hochschwarzwald
        • Bötzingen
A former H. Westenberger, Kelkheim, Germany, specimen (label), from the Stefan Stolte collection, Frankfurt (#854).
Pape, H. (1974) Der Gesteinssammler. Franck'sche Verlagshandlung, W. Keller & Co, Stuttgart, 100 pages.
    • Karlsruhe
      • Rhein-Neckar-Kreis
        • Eberbach
[Tinguaite] Stähle, V., Koch, M. (2003): Primary and secondary pseudobrookite minerals in volcanic rocks from the Katzenbuckel Alkaline Complex, southwestern Germany. Schweizerische Mineralogische und Petrographische Mitteilungen, 83, 145-158.
  • Hesse
    • Kassel Region
      • Fulda
        • Hilders
          • Rupsroth
Automatically generated from locality name
Meyer, W. (1983) Geologischer Wanderführer: Eifel. Franckh'sche Verlangshandlung W. Keller & Co., Stuttgart.
  • Saxony
    • Erzgebirgskreis
      • Oberwiesenthal
        • Hammerunterwiesenthal
Automatically generated from locality name
India
 
  • Assam
    • East Karbi Anglong District
      • Samchampi-Samteran alkaline igneous complex
Kumar, D., Mamallan, R., Saravanan, B., Jain, S. K., & Krishnamurthy, P. (1989). Petrology and geochemistry of the Samchampi alkaline carbonatite complex, Mikir Hills, Assam, India. Exploration and Research of Atomic Minerals, 2, 183-199. Nag, S., Sengupta, S. K., Gaur, R. K., & Absar, A. (1999). Alkaline rocks of Samchampi-Samteran, District Karbi-Anglong, Assam, India. Proceedings of the Indian Academy of Sciences-Earth and Planetary Sciences, 108(1), 33-48.
  • Gujarat
    • Chhota Udaipur District
Chandra, J., Paul, D., Viladkar, S. G., & Sensarma, S. (2018). Origin of the Amba Dongar carbonatite complex, India and its possible linkage with the Deccan Large Igneous Province. Geological Society, London, Special Publications, 463(1), 137-169.; Deans, T., Sukheswala, R. N., Sethna, S. F., & Viladkar, S. G. (1972). Metaso-matic feldspar rocks (potash fenites) associated with the fluorite deposits and earbonatites of Amba Dongar, Gujarat, India: Institution of Mining and Metallurgy Transactions, v. 81, p. Deans, T., Sukheswala, R. N., Sethna, S. F., & Viladkar, S. G. (1973). Discussion and contributions: Metasomatic feldspar rocks (potash fenites) associated with the fluorite deposits and carbonatites of Amba Dongar, Gujarat, India. Inst. Mining Metall. Trans, 82, 33-40. Notholt, A. J. G., Highley, D. E., & Deans, T. (1990). Economic minerals in carbonatites and associated alkaline igneous rocks. Institution of Mining and Metallurgy Transactions. Section B. Applied Earth Science, 99. Viladkar, S. G., & Wimmenauer, W. (1992). Geochemical and petrological studies on the Amba Dongar carbonatites (Gujarat, India). Chem. Erde, 52, 277-291. Srivastava, R. K. (1994). Petrology, petrochemistry and genesis of the alkaline rocks associated with the Ambadungar Carbonatite Complex, Baroda district, Gujarat, India. JOURNAL-GEOLOGICAL SOCIETY OF INDIA, 43, 23-23. Viladkar, S. G. (1981). The carbonatites of Amba Dongar, Gujarat, India. Bull. Geol. Soc. Finland, 53, 17-28. Viladkar, S. G. (1984). Alkaline rocks associated with the carbonatites of Amba Dongar, Chhota Udaipur, Gujarat, India. Indian Mineral, 130-135. Rock, N. M. S., Gwalani, L. G., & Griffin, B. J. (1994). Alkaline rocks and carbonatites of Amba Dongar and adjacent areas, Deccan Alkaline Province, Gujarat, India. 2. Complexly zoned clinopyroxene phenocrysts. Mineralogy and Petrology, 51(2-4), 113-135.
Gwalani, L. G., Rock, N. M. S., Chang, W. J., Fernandez, S., Allegre, C. J., & Prinzhofer, A. (1993). Alkaline rocks and carbonatites of Amba Dongar and adjacent areas, Deccan Igneous Province, Gujarat, India: 1. Geology, petrography and petrochemistry. Mineralogy and Petrology, 47(2-4), 219-253. Khandelwal, M. K., Maithani, P. B., Pant, P. C., Hansda, P. K., & Ramachandran, S. (1997). Geological and Geochemical Studies on Carbonatites and Rocks of Carbonatite (?) Affinity from Areas North of the Narmada Lineament in Madhya Pradesh and Gujarat. JOURNAL-GEOLOGICAL SOCIETY OF INDIA, 50, 307-314. Rock, N. M. S., Gwalani, L. G., & Griffin, B. J. (1994). Alkaline rocks and carbonatites of Amba Dongar and adjacent areas, Deccan Alkaline Province, Gujarat, India. 2. Complexly zoned clinopyroxene phenocrysts. Mineralogy and Petrology, 51(2-4), 113-135. Sukheswala, R. N., & Avasia, R. K. (1971). Carbonatite-alkalic complex of Panwad-Kawant, Gujarat, and its bearing on the structural characteristics of the area. Bulletin Volcanologique, 35(3), 564-578. Viladkar, S. G., & Avasia, R. K. (1994). Analcime-phonolite and associated alkaline rocks of Panwad-Kawant Complex, Gujarat, India. Chem Erde, 54, 49-66.; Gwalani, L. G., Rock, N. M. S., Chang, W. J., Fernandez, S., Allegre, C. J., & Prinzhofer, A. (1993). Alkaline rocks and carbonatites of Amba Dongar and adjacent areas, Deccan Igneous Province, Gujarat, India: 1. Geology, petrography and petrochemistry. Mineralogy and Petrology, 47(2-4), 219-253. Khandelwal, M. K., Maithani, P. B., Pant, P. C., Hansda, P. K., & Ramachandran, S. (1997). Geological and Geochemical Studies on Carbonatites and Rocks of Carbonatite (?) Affinity from Areas North of the Narmada Lineament in Madhya Pradesh and Gujarat. JOURNAL-GEOLOGICAL SOCIETY OF INDIA, 50, 307-314. Rock, N. M. S., Gwalani, L. G., & Griffin, B. J. (1994). Alkaline rocks and carbonatites of Amba Dongar and adjacent areas, Deccan Alkaline Province, Gujarat, India. 2. Complexly zoned clinopyroxene phenocrysts. Mineralogy and Petrology, 51(2-4), 113-135. Sukheswala, R. N., & Avasia, R. K. (1971). Carbonatite-alkalic complex of Panwad-Kawant, Gujarat, and its bearing on the structural characteristics of the area. Bulletin Volcanologique, 35(3), 564-578. Viladkar, S. G., & Avasia, R. K. (1994). Analcime-phonolite and associated alkaline rocks of Panwad-Kawant Complex, Gujarat, India. Chem Erde, 54, 49-66.
[Tinguaite] AVASIA, R. (1968). INTERPENETRANT AND GROOVED TRAPEZOHEDRA OF PSEUDOLEUCITE, GHORI, CHHOTA UDAIPUR, GUJARAT. The Indian Mineralogist: Journal of the Mineralogical Society of India, 9, 76-78. Czygan, W. 1985. Petrography and geochemistry of foid syenites and related rocks of the Deccan Trap area, India. Indian Mineralogist (Sukheswala Volume), 20-43. Gwalani, L. G., Fernandez, S., Karanth, R. V., Demeny, A., Chang, W. J., & Avasia, R. K. (1994). Alkaline and tholeiitic dyke swarm associated with Amba Dongar and Phenai Mata complexes, Chhota Udaipur alkaline sub-province, Western India. MEMOIRS-GEOLOGICAL SOCIETY OF INDIA, 391-424. Sukheswala, R. N., & Sethna, S. F. (1973). Oversaturated and undersaturated differentiates in the tholeiitic igneous complex of Phenai Mata, Baroda District, Gujarat State, India. Neues Jahrbuch für Mineralogie, Abhandlungen, 118, 159-176.
[Tinguaite] Sethna, S. F., SF, S., & SM, B. (1981). Petrology of the carbonatites and associated alkaline rocks of Siriwasan, Chhota Udaipur. Journal of the Geological Society of India, 22, 417-425. Gwalani, L. G., Rock, N. M. S., Chang, W. J., Fernandez, S., Allegre, C. J., & Prinzhofer, A. (1993). Alkaline rocks and carbonatites of Amba Dongar and adjacent areas, Deccan Igneous Province, Gujarat, India: 1. Geology, petrography and petrochemistry. Mineralogy and Petrology, 47(2-4), 219-253. Sukheswala, R. N., & Borges, S. M. (1975). The carbonatite-injected sandstones of Siriwasan, Chhota Udaipur, Gujarat. Indian Jour. Earth Sci, 2(1), 1-10.
    • Kutch District
      • Bhuj Taluka
Karkare, S.G., Kumar, S. & Srivastava, R.K. 1991. Evolution of the island chain of Kutch and role of rift magmatism and autonomous activization. Journal of Scientific Research, Banares Hindu University, 41B, 163-175.
      • Nakhatrana Taluka
Guha, D., Das, S., Srikarni, C., & Chakraborty, S. K. (2005). Alkali basalt of Kachchh: its implication in the tectonic framework of Mesozoic of western India. JOURNAL-GEOLOGICAL SOCIETY OF INDIA, 66(5), 599. Karmalkar, N. R., Rege, S., Griffin, W. L., & O'Reilly, S. Y. (2005). Alkaline magmatism from Kutch, NW India: implications for plume–lithosphere interaction. Lithos, 81(1-4), 101-119. Krishnamurthy, P., Pande, K., Gopalan, K., & Macdougall, J. D. (1988). Upper mantle xenoliths in alkali basalts related to Deccan Trap volcanism. Deccan Flood Basalts, 10, 53-67. Krishnamurthy, P., Pande, K., Gopalan, K., & Macdougall, J. D. (1999). Mineralogical and chemical studies on alkaline basaltic rocks of Kutch, Gujarat, India. Memoirs-Geological Society of India, (2), 757-784. Kshirsagar, P. V., Sheth, H. C., & Shaikh, B. (2011). Mafic alkalic magmatism in central Kachchh, India: a monogenetic volcanic field in the northwestern Deccan Traps. Bulletin of Volcanology, 73(5), 595-612. Le Maitre, R. W., Streckeisen, A., Zanettin, B., Le Bas, M., Bonin, B., Bateman, P., ... & Lameyre, J. 2002, Igneous Rocks: A Classification and Glossary of Terms: Recommendations of the International Union of Geological Sciences Subcommission on the Systematics of Igneous Rocks.
  • Karnataka
    • Chamarajanagar District
[Tinguaite] MAKKONEN, H., LAAJOKI, K., & DEVARAJU, T. 1993. MINERAL CHEMISTRY OF CLINOPYROXENE AND FELDSPARS IN THE NEOPROTEROZOIC ALKALINE DYKES OF THE BANGALORE DISTRICT, KARNATAKA, INDIA. Bulletin of the Geological Society of Finland, 65, 77-88.
    • Ramanagara District
[Tinguaite] Devaraju, T.C., Laajoki, K., Makkonen, H., Khandali, S.D., Ugarkar, A.G. & Jamakhandi, M.S.R. 1995. Neo-Proterozoic dyke swarms of southern Karnataka: Part I: Field characters, petrography and mineralogy. Memoir, Geological Society of India, 33, 209-265. Devaraju, T.C., Laajoki, K., Zozulya, D., Khanadali, S.D., & Ugarkar, A.G. 1995. Neo-Proterozoic dyke swarm of southern Karnataka: Part II: Geochemistry, oxygen isotope composition, Rb-Sr age and petrogenesis. Memoir, Geological Society of India, 33, 267-306. Ikramuddin, M., & Stueber, A. M. (1976). Rb-Sr ages of Precambrian dolerite and alkaline dikes, southeast Mysore state, India. Lithos, 9(3), 235-241.
  • Meghalaya
    • East Garo Hills District
[Tinguaite] KUMAR, S., DHANA RAJU, R., Varma, H. M., & Dougall, N. K. (1984). Cancrinite-tinguaite and K-rich tachyte in the Nongcharam-Darugiri area of east Garo Hills district, Meghalaya: a preliminary study. Journal of the Geological Society of India, 25(8), 528-532.
    • West Khasi Hills District
[Tinguaite] RAGHAVAN NAMBIAR, A. (1987). Alkaline magmatism in parts of West Khasi Hills and East Garo Hills district, Meghalaya. Records of the Geological Survey of India, 115(3-4), 25-44. Ray, J. S., Ramesh, R., & Pande, K. (1999). Carbon isotopes in Kerguelen plume-derived carbonatites: evidence for recycled inorganic carbon. Earth and Planetary Science Letters, 170(3), 205-214. Sarkar, A., Datta, A. K., Poddar, B. C., Bhattacharyya, B. K., Kollapuri, V. K., & Sanwal, R. (1996). Geochronological studies of Mesozoic igneous rocks from eastern India. Journal of Southeast Asian Earth Sciences, 13(2), 77-81.
  • Rajasthan
    • Barmer District
Bhushan, S. K. (2015). Geology of the Kamthai rare earth deposit. Journal of the Geological Society of India, 85(5), 537-546.
      • Malani Igneous Province
Chandrasekaran, V., Srivastava, R. K., & Chawade, M. P. (1990). Geochemistry of the alkaline rocks of Sarnu-Dandali area, district Barmer, Rajasthan, India. Journal of the Geological Society of India, 36(4), 365-382. Chandrasekaran, V., & Chawade, M. P. (1990). Carbonatites of Barmer district, Rajasthan. Indian Minerals, 44(4), 315-324. Chandrasekaran, V., & Srivastava, R. K. (1992). Geochemistry of the Sarnu-Dandali carbonatites, District Barmer, Rajasthan, India. Journal of the Geological Society of India, 39(4), 321-328. Ray, J. S., & Ramesh, R. (1999). Evolution of carbonatite complexes of the Deccan flood basalt province: stable carbon and oxygen isotopic constraints. Journal of Geophysical Research: Solid Earth, 104(B12), 29471-29483. Srivastava, R. K. (1989). Alkaline and peralkaline rocks of Rajasthan. Mem. Geol. Soc. India, 15, 3-24.
    • Jodhpur district
      • Sirohi district
Subrahmanyam, N. P., & Rao, G. V. D. (1977). Petrography, geochemistry and origin of the carbonatite veins of Mer pluton, Mundwara igneous complex, Rajasthan. Geological Society of India, 18(7), 306-322. LE-BAS, M. J., & Srivastava, R. K. (1989). The mineralogy and geochemistry of the Mundwara carbonatite dykes, Sirohi District, Rajasthan, India. Neues Jahrbuch für Mineralogie. Abhandlungen, (2), 207-227. Subrahmanyam, N. P., & Leelanandam, C. (1991). Geochemistry and petrology of the cumulophyric layered suite of rocks from the Toa pluton of the Mundwara alkali igneous complex, Rajasthan. Journal of the Geological Society of India, 38(4), 397-411. Narayan Das, G.R., Sharma, C.V. & Navaneetham, K.V. 1982. Carbonate-alkaline Complex of Mundwara. Journal of the Geological Society of India, 23, 604-609.
Subrahmanyam, N. P., & Leelanandam, C. (1991). Geochemistry and petrology of the cumulophyric layered suite of rocks from the Toa pluton of the Mundwara alkali igneous complex, Rajasthan. Journal of the Geological Society of India, 38(4), 397-411.
Indonesia
 
  • Central Java Province
    • Jepara Regency
Leterrier, J., Yuwono, Y. S., Soeria-Atmadja, R., & Maury, R. C. (1990). Potassic volcanism in central Java and south Sulawesi, Indonesia. Journal of Southeast Asian Earth Sciences, 4(3), 171-187. EDWARDS, C., MENZIES, M., & THIRLWALL, M. (1991). Evidence from Muriah, Indonesia, for the interplay of supra-subduction zone and intraplate processes in the genesis of potassic alkaline magmas. Journal of Petrology, 32(3), 555-592.
  • East Java Province
    • Gresik Regency
Leterrier, J., Yuwono, Y. S., Soeria-Atmadja, R., & Maury, R. C. (1990). Potassic volcanism in central Java and south Sulawesi, Indonesia. Journal of Southeast Asian Earth Sciences, 4(3), 171-187. Soeria-Atmadja, R., Maury, R. C., Bellon, H., Yuwono, Y. S., & Cotten, J. (1988). Remarques sur la répartition du volcanisme potassique quaternaire de Java (Indonésie). Comptes rendus de l'Académie des sciences. Série 2, Mécanique, Physique, Chimie, Sciences de l'univers, Sciences de la Terre, 307(6), 635-641.
  • South Sulawesi Province
Iddings, J. P., & Morley, E. W. (1915). Contributions to the petrography of Java and Celebes. The Journal of Geology, 23(3), 231-245.
Iran
 
  • East Azerbaijan Province
    • Ahar County
Woolley, A.R. (2019) Alkaline Rocks and Carbonatites of the World. Part 4: Antarctica, Asia and Europe (excluding the former USSR), Australasia and Oceanic Islands. Geological Society, 384 pages, p.131. Alberti, A. A., Comin-Chiaramonti, P., Di Battistini, G., Nicoletti, M., Petrucciani, C., & Sinigoi, S. (1976). Geochronology of the Eastern Azerbaijan volcanic plateau (northwest Iran). Rend. Soc. Ital. Mineral. Petrol, 32(2), 579-589. Alberti, A., Comin‐Chiaramonti, P., Di Battistini, G., Sinigoi, S., & Zerbi, M. (1979). Upper Eocene to early Oligocene shoshonitic volcanism in eastern Azerbaijan. Neues Jahrb. Mineral Abh, 134, 248-264. Alberti, A., Comin‐Chiaramonti, P., Di Battistini, G., Fioriti, R. & Sinigoi, S. 1981. Crystal fractionation in the eastern Azerbaijan (Iran) Lower Tertiary shoshonitic suite. Neues Jahrbuch für Mineralogie Monatshefte, 35-48. Riou, R., Dupuy, C., & Dostal, J. (1981). Geochemistry of coexisting alkaline and calc-alkaline volcanic rocks from northern Azerbaijan (NW Iran). Journal of Volcanology and Geothermal Research, 11(2-4), 253-275.
    • Osku County
Moine-Vaziri, H., Khalili-Marandi, S., & Brousse, R. (1991). Importance d'un volcanisme potassique, au Miocène supérieur, en Azerbaidjan (Iran). Comptes rendus de l'Académie des sciences. Série 2, Mécanique, Physique, Chimie, Sciences de l'univers, Sciences de la Terre, 313(13), 1603-1610. Le Maitre, R. W., Streckeisen, A., Zanettin, B., LeBase, M. J., Bonin, B., Batemen, P., ... & Lameyre, J. 2002, Igneous rocks: A classification and glossary of Terms. Moayyed, M., Moazzen, M., Calagari, A. A., Jahangiri, A., & Modjarrad, M. (2008). Geochemistry and petrogenesis of lamprophyric dykes and the associated rocks from Eslamy peninsula, NW Iran: Implications for deep-mantle metasomatism. Chemie der Erde-Geochemistry, 68(2), 141-154. Stocklin, J., & Nabavi, M. H. (1973). Tectonic map of Iran. Geological Survey of Iran, Tehran. Pang, K. N., Chung, S. L., Zarrinkoub, M. H., Lin, Y. C., Lee, H. Y., Lo, C. H., & Khatib, M. M. (2013). Iranian ultrapotassic volcanism at~ 11 Ma signifies the initiation of post‐collisional magmatism in the A rabia–E urasia collision zone. Terra Nova, 25(5), 405-413.
  • Kerman Province
    • Shahr-e Babak County
Aftabi, A., & Atapour, H. (2000). Regional aspects of shoshonitic volcanism in Iran. Episodes, 23(2), 119-125.
  • Yazd Province
    • Ardakan County
Torabi, G. (2009). Subduction-related Eocene shoshonites from the Cenozoic Urumieh-Dokhrat magmatic arc (Qaleh-Khargooshi area, West of the Yazd province, Iran). Turkish Journal of Earth Sciences, 18(4), 583-613.
Italy
 
  • Umbria
    • Perugia Province
      • Spoleto
Wheeler, S., Spigarelli, S., Stoppa, F., & Rinaldi, R. (1996). Secondary minerals from the igneous complex of Colle Fabbri, Spoleto (PG). Plinius, 16(2), 1.
Kenya
 
  • Kajiado County
Nash, W.P., Carmichael, I.S.E., Hohnson, R.W. (1969) The Mineralogy and Petrology of Mount Suswa, Kenya. Journal of Petrology, 10:3, 409-439.
  • Kwale County
Woolley, A. R. (1987). Alkaline rocks and carbonatites of the world: Africa. Geological Society of London.
  • Trans-Nzoia County
    • Mount Elgon
Bowell, R. J., Warren, A., & Redmond, I. (1996). Formation of cave salts and utilization by elephants in the Mount Elgon region, Kenya. Geological Society, London, Special Publications, 113(1), 63-79.
Mongolia
 
  • Dornogovi Aimag
    • Khövsgöl
Kynicky, J., et al., (2018) The role of carbonate-fluoride melt immiscibility in shallow REE deposit evolution, Geoscience Frontiers.
Namibia
 
  • Khomas Region
    • Windhoek Rural
      • Aris
Jost, B.M., Koller, F., Vogel, N., Ulmer, P., and Driesner, T. (2014) Origin of water in miarolitic cavities of the Ariskop phonolite, Namibia. Goldschmidt 2014, 8-13 June, Sacramento, California USA, Abstracts, 1177.; Koller F, Skoda R, Palfi A, Popp F, Jost B (2014) Paleogene phonolites of the Aris, Staalhart and Klinghardt groups, central and south Namibia, Africa. 21 st meeting of the International Mineralogical Association. p 194
Koller F, Skoda R, Palfi A, Popp F, Jost B (2014) Paleogene phonolites of the Aris, Staalhart and Klinghardt groups, central and south Namibia, Africa. 21 st meeting of the International Mineralogical Association. p 194
  • ǁKaras Region
    • ǃNamiǂNûs Constituency
Koller F, Skoda R, Palfi A, Popp F, Jost B (2014) Paleogene phonolites of the Aris, Staalhart and Klinghardt groups, central and south Namibia, Africa. 21 st meeting of the International Mineralogical Association. p 194
New Zealand
 
Campbell, H.J., Andrews, P.B., Beu, A.G., Edwards, A.R., Hornibrook, N. deB., Laird, M.G., Maxwell, P.A., Watters, W.A. (1988) Cretaceous-Cenozoic lithostratigraphy of the Chatham Islands. Journal of the Royal Society of New Zealand, 18:3, 285-308.
  • Otago Region
    • Dunedin City
McLeod, O.E., White, J.D.L. (2018) Petrogenetic links between the Dunedin Volcano and peripheral volcanics of the Karitane Suite,.New Zealand Journal of Geology and Geophysics, 61(4), 543-561.
Paraguay
 
  • Alto Paraguay Department
Comin-Chiaramonti, P., Renzulli, A., Ridolfi, F., Enrich, G. E., Gomes, C. B., De Min, A., ... & Ruberti, E. (2016). Late-stage magmatic to deuteric/metasomatic accessory minerals from the Cerro Boggiani agpaitic complex (Alto Paraguay Alkaline Province). Journal of South American Earth Sciences, 71, 248-261.
Poland
 
  • Podlaskie Voivodeship
Specjalne, P. T. M. P. (2005) Fluid Inclusions and Cathodoluminescence of Fluorite from Carbonatites of the Tajno Massif, NE Poland. in Mineralogical Society of Poland – Special Papers; Volume 26, 2005
Romania
 
  • Harghita
    • Ditrău (Ditró)
      • Jolotca (Orotva)
[Tinguaite] Hirtopanu, P., Bermanec, V., Udubasa, G., & Melgarejo, J. C. (2000). Monazite and Allanite from the Ditrau Alkaline Massif, East Carpathians, Romania. Anuarul Institutului Geologic al Romaniei, 72, 41.
Russia
 
  • Murmansk Oblast
[Tinguaite] Kogarko et al. (1995) Alkaline Rocks and Carbonatites of the World, Part 2 Former USSR
Chakhmouradian, A. R., & Mitchell, R. H. (1998). Lueshite, pyrochlore and monazite-(Ce) from apatite-dolomite carbonatite, Lesnaya Varaka complex, Kola Peninsula, Russia. Mineralogical Magazine, 62(6), 769-782.
South Africa
 
  • North West
    • Bojanala Platinum District
      • Pilanesberg Alkaline Ring Complex
Clarke, L. B. (1989). The Geology of the Kruidfontein Volcanic Complex Transvaal. S. Africa (Doctoral dissertation, University of Leicester).
South Korea
 
  • North Gyeongsang Province
    • Ulleung County
Harumoto, A. (1970). Volcanic rocks and associated rocks of Utsuryoto Island (Japan Sea). 京都大学理学部地質学鉱物学教室春本篤夫教授退官記念事業, 39. Kim, Y. K. (1985). Petrology of Ulreung Island, Korea—Part 1. Geology. J. Japan. Assoe. Min. Petr. Econ. Geol., 80, 128-135. KIM, K. (1985). Petrology of Ulreung islands, Korea-Part 2, Petrography and bulk chemical composition. J. Min. Petr. Econ. Geol., 80, 292-303. Kim, Y.K. 1986. Magmatic differentiation in the volcanic rocks from Ulreung Island, Korea. Journal of the Japanese association of Mineralogists, Petrologists and Economic Geologists, Sendai, 81, 165-180. Kim, Y. K., & Fujimaki, H. (1987). Plutonic inclusions and olivines in high-K volcanics from Ulreung island, Korea. Mineralogy and Petrology, 37(2), 117-136. Kim, G. B., Cronin, S. J., Yoon, W. S., & Sohn, Y. K. (2014). Post 19 ka BP eruptive history of Ulleung Island, Korea, inferred from an intra-caldera pyroclastic sequence. Bulletin of Volcanology, 76(4), 802. Machida, H., & Arai, F. (1983). Extensive ash falls in and around the Sea of Japan from large late Quaternary eruptions. Journal of Volcanology and Geothermal Research, 18(1-4), 151-164.
Spain
 
  • Canary Islands
    • Las Palmas Province
      • Gran Canaria
        • San Bartolome de Tirajana
          • La Plata
Automatically generated from locality name
Sweden
 
  • Dalarna County
    • Älvdalen
      • Särna
[Tinguaite] Nils H. Magnusson (1923) The alkaline rocks of Siksjöberget and Ekorråsen in Särna, Geologiska Föreningen i Stockholm Förhandlingar, 45:3-4, 295-334, DOI: 10.1080/11035892309444563
Tajikistan
 
  • Gorno-Badakhshan
[Tinguaite] Solovova, I. P., Girnis, A. V., Ryabchikov, I. D., & Simakin, S. G. (2006, October). High-temperature carbonatite melt and its interrelations with alkaline magmas of the Dunkel’dyk complex, southeastern Pamirs. In Doklady earth sciences (Vol. 410, No. 1, pp. 1148-1151). MAIK Nauka/Interperiodica.
Tanzania
 
  • Arusha region
    • Ngorongoro District
Zaitsev, A. N., Marks, M. A. W., Wenzel, T., Spratt, J., Sharygin, V. V., Strekopytov, S., & Markl, G. (2012). Mineralogy, geochemistry and petrology of the phonolitic to nephelinitic Sadiman volcano, Crater Highlands, Tanzania. Lithos, 152, 66-83.
UK
 
  • England
    • Cornwall
Geological Magazine, 114(4), 249-264.
  • Scotland
    • East Lothian
      • Haddington
Battey, M.H. and Moss, A.A. (1962) Powellite from Traprain Law, Haddingtonshire, Scotland. Mineralogical Magazine, vol. 33, n° 257, p. 158-161.; Livingstone, A. and Macpherson, H.G. (1983) Fifth supplementary list of British minerals (Scottish). Mineralogical Magazine, vol. 47, n° 342, p. 99-105.
USA
 
  • Arizona
    • Greenlee Co.
      • Copper Mountain Mining District (Clifton-Morenci Mining District)
        • Dorsey Gulch
U.S. Geological Survey, (2005) Mineral Resources Data System: U.S. Geological Survey, Reston, Virginia.
  • Colorado
    • Teller Co.
      • Cripple Creek Mining District
From USGS MRDS database
From USGS MRDS database
U.S. Geological Survey, (2005) Mineral Resources Data System: U.S. Geological Survey, Reston, Virginia.
  • Idaho
    • Valley Co.
      • Thunder Mountain Mining District
        • Idaho Primitive Area
U.S. Geological Survey, (2005) Mineral Resources Data System: U.S. Geological Survey, Reston, Virginia.
  • Nevada
    • Nye Co.
      • Bruner Mining District
U.S. Geological Survey, (2005) Mineral Resources Data System: U.S. Geological Survey, Reston, Virginia.
U.S. Geological Survey, (2005) Mineral Resources Data System: U.S. Geological Survey, Reston, Virginia.
  • New Mexico
    • Otero Co.
      • Cornudas Mountains
McLemore, Virginia T. and James R. Guilinger (1993): Geology and mineral resources in the Cornudas Mountains, Otero County, New Mexico and Hudspeth County, Texas pp. 145-153 in Carlsbad Region (New Mexico and West Texas), Love, D. W.; Hawley, J. W.; Kues, B. S.; Austin, G. S.; Lucas, S. G.; [eds.], New Mexico Geological Society 44th Annual Fall Field Conference Guidebook, 357 p.
  • Utah
    • Piute Co.
      • Kingston Canyon Area
U.S. Geological Survey, (2005) Mineral Resources Data System: U.S. Geological Survey, Reston, Virginia.
U.S. Geological Survey, (2005) Mineral Resources Data System: U.S. Geological Survey, Reston, Virginia.
Zimbabwe
 
  • Manicaland
    • Buhera District
Swift, W. H. (1952). The Geology of Chishanya, Buhera District, Southern Rhodesia. Transactions of the Edinburgh Geological Society, 15(1), 346-359.
 
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