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An ultramafic volcanic rock consisting essentially of melilite and pyroxene; perovskite is also commonly present.

Now defined as a general term for volcanic rocks in the melilite-bearing rocks classification or chemically in field F of the TAS classification as a rock which does not contain kalsilite but has normative cs (larnite) > 10% and K2O < Na2O.

If modal olivine > 10% the rock should be called an olivine melilitite.

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Classification of MelilititeHide


Modal classification of volcanic rock containing melilite, after Streckeisen, 1978)

Sub-divisions of MelilititeHide

Mineralogy of MelilititeHide

Essential minerals - these are minerals that are required within the classification of this rock:
Non-essential minerals - these minerals are common, sometimes major components, but are not always present:
OlivineEquivalent to Fayalite-Forsterite Series; usually a more or less Fe-bearing forsterite.
PyroxeneA petrological term for Pyroxene Group.

References for MelilititeHide

Reference List:
Sort by Year (asc) | by Year (desc) | by Author (A-Z) | by Author (Z-A)
Le Maitre (ed.) (2002) Igneous Rocks - A Classification and Glossary of Terms. Cambridge Press

Internet Links for MelilititeHide URL:
Please feel free to link to this page.

Localities for MelilititeHide

This map shows a selection of localities that have latitude and longitude coordinates recorded. Click on the symbol to view information about a locality. The symbol next to localities in the list can be used to jump to that position on the map.

Locality ListHide

- This locality has map coordinates listed. - This locality has estimated coordinates. ⓘ - Click for further information on this occurrence. ? - Indicates mineral may be doubtful at this locality. - Good crystals or important locality for species. - World class for species or very significant. (TL) - Type Locality for a valid mineral species. (FRL) - First Recorded Locality for everything else (eg varieties). Struck out - Mineral was erroneously reported from this locality. Faded * - Never found at this locality but inferred to have existed at some point in the past (eg from pseudomorphs.)

All localities listed without proper references should be considered as questionable.
[Hauyne melilitite] Odman, O.H. 1931. Volcanic rocks of Mt. Elgon in British East Africa. Geologiska Föreningens i Stockholm Förhandlingar, 52, 455-537. Rock, N. M. S. (1976). Petrogenetic significance of some new xenolithic alkaline rocks from East Africa. Mineralogical Magazine, 40(314), 611-625. Searle, D. L. (1954). Geology of the Sultan Hamud Area (with Coloured Geological Map): Explanation of Degree Sheet 59, NW (No. 29). Geological Survey of Kenya. Bishop, W. W., Miller, J. A., & Fitch, F. J. (1969). New potassium-argon age determinations relevant to the Miocene fossil mammal sequence in East Africa. American Journal of Science, 267(6), 669-699. Davies, K. A. (1952). The building of Mount Elgon (East Africa): Uganda Geol. Surv. Ödman, O.H. 1931. Volcanic rocks of Mt Elgon in British East Africa. Geologiska Föreningens i Stockholm Förhandlingar, 52, 455-537. Ödman, O. H. (1932). Mineragraphic Study on the Opaque Minerals in the Lavas from Mt. Elgon, British East Africa. Geologiska Föreningen i Stockholm Förhandlingar, 54(3), 285-304. Simonetti, A., & Bell, K. (1995). Nd, Pb and Sr isotopic data from the Mount Elgon volcano, eastern Uganda-western Kenya: implications for the origin and evolution of nephelinite lavas. Lithos, 36(2), 141-153. Walker, A. (1969). Fossil Mammal Locality on Mount Elgon, Eastern Ugand: Lower Miocene Fossils from Mount Elgon Uganda. Nature, 223(5206), 591-596.
  • Tasmania
    • Central Highlands municipality
      • Derwent Bridge
Bottrill, R. S. & Baker, W. E. (2008): A Catalogue of the Minerals of Tasmania. Geological Survey Bulletin 73, Mineral Resources Tasmania, 254 pp.
      • Interlaken
Bottrill, R. S. & Baker, W. E. (2008): A Catalogue of the Minerals of Tasmania. Geological Survey Bulletin 73, Mineral Resources Tasmania, 254 pp.
Bottrill, R. S. & Baker, W. E. (2008): A Catalogue of the Minerals of Tasmania. Geological Survey Bulletin 73, Mineral Resources Tasmania, 254 pp.
Czech Republic
  • Liberec Region
    • Liberec District
      • Osečná
[Hauyne melilitite] Pivec, E., Ulrych, J., & Rutsek, J. (1998). Melilitic rocks from northern Bohemia: geochemistry and mineralogy. Neues Jahrbuch für Mineralogie-Abhandlungen, 119-154. Ulrych, J., Povondra, P., Rutšek, J., & Pivec, E. (1988). Melilitic and melilite-bearing subvolcanic rocks from the Ploučnice river region, Czechoslovakia. Acta Univ. Carol., Geol, 2, 195-231. Ulrych, J., Pivec, E., Povondra, P., & RUTSEK, J. (1988). Perovskite from melilite rocks, Osecná complex, northern Bohemia, Czechoslovakia. Neues Jahrbuch für Mineralogie Monatshefte, (2), 81-95. Ulrych, J., Pivec, E. Rutšek, J. & Povondra, P. 1990. Olivines, monticelites and clinopyroxenes in melilitic rocks, Ploučnice River Region, Czechoslovakia. Acta Universitatis Carolinae Geologica, 141-164. Ulrych, J., Pivec, Povondra, P. & Rutšek 1990. Phlogopites from subvolcanic melilitic rocks, Ploučnice River Region, Czechoslovakia. Acta Universitatis Carolinae Geologica, 9-24. Ulrych, J., Pivec, E., Povondra, P., & Rutsek, J. (2000). Upper-mantle xenoliths in melilitic rocks of the Osecnà complex, North Bohemia. Journal of Geosciences, 45(1-2), 79-83. Ulrych, J., Povondra, P., Pivec, E., Rutsek, J., & Sitek, J. (1994). Compositional evolution of metasomatic garnet in melilitic rocks of the Osecná complex, Bohemia. The Canadian Mineralogist, 32(3), 637-647. Ulrych, J., Dostal, J., Hegner, E., Balogh, K., & Ackerman, L. (2008). Late Cretaceous to Paleocene melilitic rocks of the Ohře/Eger Rift in northern Bohemia, Czech Republic: Insights into the initial stages of continental rifting. Lithos, 101(1-2), 141-161. Ulrych, J., Adamovic, J., Krmicek, L., Ackerman, L., & Balogh, K. (2014). Revision of Scheumann’s classification of melilitic lamprophyres and related melilitic rocks in light of new analytical data. Journal of Geosciences, 59(1), 3-22.
  • Ústí nad Labem Region
[Hauyne melilitite] Kopecky, L. (1966). Tertiary volcanics. Regional Geology of Czechoslovakia. I. The Bohemian Massif. Czechoslovak Academy of Sciences (Praha), 554-581. Kopecký, L., Píšová, J., & Pokorný, L. (1967). Pyrope-bearing diatremes of the České středohoří Mountains. Sborník geologických věd: Geologie, 12, 81-130. Allen, J. B., & Charsley, T. J. (1968). Nepheline-syenite and Phonolite. HMSO. London. Shrbený, O. (1995). Chemical composition of young volcanites of the Czech Republic. Czech Geological Survey Special Paper, 4. Czech Geological Survey. Cajz, V., Vokurka, K., Balogh, K., Lang, M., & Ulrych, J. (1999). The České středohoří Mts.: volcanostratigraphy and geochemistry. Geolines, 9, 21-28. Suhr, P. (1999). Phreatomagmatic structures in the northern environs of the Ohre Rift (Saxony). Geolines, 9, 119-122. Ulrych, J. 2000. Intrusive centres of Neodic volcanism in the Bohemian Massiff: petrological, geochemical and mineralogical characteristics (with emphasis on the Roztoky, Osečná and Dvůr Králové centres). Summary of the Dissertation in Geology for Scientific Degree Doctor of sciences, University of Prague. Ulrych, J. A. R. O. M. I. R., & Balogh, K. A. D. O. S. A. (2000). Roztoky Intrusive Centre in the Ceske stredohori Mts.: Differentiation, emplacement, distribution, orientation and age of dyke series. GEOLOGICA CARPATHICA-BRATISLAVA-, 51(6), 383-398. Ulrych, J., Svobodová, J., & Balogh, K. (2002). The source of Cenozoic volcanism in the České středohoří Mts., Bohemian Massif. Neues Jahrbuch für Mineralogie-Abhandlungen: Journal of Mineralogy and Geochemistry, 177(2), 133-162. Cajz, V. (2003). Dyke swarm pattern and tectonics in the České Středohoří Mts. Volcanic centre, Ohře (Eger) Rift, Central Europe (Starting points for further research). Geolines, 15, 15-22. Kotková, J., O’Brien, P. J., & Ziemann, M. A. (2011). Diamonds in the Bohemian Massif—evidence for ultrahigh-pressure metamorphism. Geologické výzkumy na Morave a ve Slezsku 18, 1, 35-38. Ackerman, L., Medaris, G., Špaček, P., & Ulrych, J. (2015). Geochemical and petrological constraints on mantle composition of the Ohře (Eger) rift, Bohemian Massif: peridotite xenoliths from the České Středohoří Volcanic complex and northern Bohemia. International Journal of Earth Sciences, 104(8), 1957-1979. Woolley A.R. (2019) Alkaline Rocks and Carbonatites of the World. Part 4: Antarctica, Asia and Europe, p.305
DR Congo
  • North Kivu
    • Nyiragongo Territory
[Hauyne melilitite] Bell, K., & Powell, J. L. (1969). Strontium isotopic studies of alkalic rocks: the potassium-rich lavas of the Birunga and Toro—Ankole Regions, East and Central Equatorial Africa. Journal of Petrology, 10(3), 536-572. Demant, A., Lestrade, P., Lubala, R. T., Kampunzu, A. B., & Durieux, J. (1994). Volcanological and petrological evolution of Nyiragongo volcano, Virunga volcanic field, Zaire. Bulletin of Volcanology, 56(1), 47-61. Denaeyer, M. E. (1972). LES LAVES DU FOSSE TECTONIQUE DE L'AFRIQUE CENTRALE (KIVU, RWANDA, TORO-ANKOLE). I. SUPPLEMENT AU RECUEIL D'ANALYSES DE 1965. II. MAGMATOLOGIE. Annales, Musee Royal de l'Afrique Centrale, Tervuren, Belgique. Serie In 8º, Sciences Geologiques, 72. Denaeyer, M. E., Schellinck, F., & Coppez, A. (1965). Recueil d'analyses des laves du fossé tectonique de l'Afrique centrale. Annales. Musée Roy. Afrique Centrale. Belgique, Ann. Ser. 8, Sci. Geol., 49, 1-234. GEE, L. L., & Sack, R. O. (1988). Experimental petrology of melilite nephelinites. Journal of Petrology, 29(6), 1233-1255. Hamaguchi, H. (1983). Volcanoes Nyiragongo and Nyamuragira: geophysical aspects. Tohoku Univ. Richard, J.J. & Padang, M.N. 1957. Active volcanoes of the world. Part 4 Africa and the Red Sea. International Volcanological Association, Napoli, Italy. Sahama, T. G. (1960). Kalsilite in the lavas of mt. Nyiragongo (Belgian Congo). Journal of Petrology, 1(2), 146-171. Sahama, T. G. (1973). Evolution of the Nyiragongo magma. Journal of Petrology, 14(1), 33-48. Sahama, T. G. (1978). The Nyiragongo main cone. Annales, Musee Royal de l'Afrique Centrale, Tervuren, Belgique. Serie In 8º, Sciences Geologiques 81. Sahama, G., & Meyer, A. (1958). Study of the volcano Niragongo. A progress Report, Exploration du parc National Albert, mission d’études volcanologiques, Fasc 2, 1-85. Tazieff, H. 1975. Nyiragongo: the forbidden volcano. Cassell, London. Tazieff, H. (1984). Mt. Niragongo: renewed activity of the lava lake. Journal of Volcanology and Geothermal Research, 20(3-4), 267-280. Thonnard, R. L. G., & Denaeyer, M. E. (1965). Carte volcanologique des Virunga, Feuille No. 1. 1:50000 and Introduction generale et Notice Explicative de la Feuille No. 1. Centre National de Volcanologie (Belgique), Bruxelles. Vollmer, R., & Norry, M. J. (1983). Possible origin of K-rich volcanic rocks from Virunga, East Africa, by metasomatism of continental crustal material: Pb, Nd and Sr isotopic evidence. Earth and Planetary Science Letters, 64(3), 374-386.
  • Baden-Württemberg
    • Freiburg Region
      • Konstanz
Keller, J., Brey, G., Lorenz, V., & Sachs, P. (1990). Volcanism and petrology of the upper Rhinegraben (Urach-Hegau-Kaiserstuhl). Fieldguide, IAVCEI 1990 preconference excursion, 2. Wedepohl, K. H., Gohn, E., & Hartmann, G. (1994). Cenozoic alkali basaltic magmas of western Germany and their products of differentiation. Contributions to Mineralogy and Petrology, 115(3), 253-278.
  • Saxony
    • Sächsische Schweiz-Osterzgebirge
      • Sebnitz
[Hauyne melilitite] Pfeiffer, L. (1994). Der tertiäre Magmatismus im Erzgebirge und in den benachbarten Gebieten der Tschechischen Republik. Beih. Eur. J. Mineral, 6(23), 179-228. Seifert, W. (1994). Zur Mineralchemie des Polzenites vom Zeughausgangzug im Elbsandsteingebirge. Abhandlungen des staatlichen Museums für Mineralogie und Geologie, Dresden, 40, 99-106. Seifert, W., & Thomas, R. (1995). Silicate-carbonate immiscibility: a melt inclusion study of olivine melilitite and wehrlite xenoliths in tephrite from the Elbe Zone, Germany. Chemie der Erde, 55, 263-280.
  • Basilicata
    • Potenza Province
      • Rionero in Vulture
Beccaluva, L., Coltorti, M., Di Girolamo, P., Melluso, L., Milani, L., Morra, V., & Siena, F. (2002). Petrogenesis and evolution of Mt. Vulture alkaline volcanism (Southern Italy). Mineralogy and Petrology, 74(2-4), 277-297. Bindi, L., Cellai, D., Melluso, L., Conticelli, S., Morra, V., & Menchetti, S. (1999). Crystal chemistry of clinopyroxene from alkaline undersaturated rocks of the Monte Vulture Volcano, Italy. Lithos, 46(2), 259-274. De Astis, G., Kempton, P. D., Peccerillo, A., & Wu, T. W. (2006). Trace element and isotopic variations from Mt. Vulture to Campanian volcanoes: constraints for slab detachment and mantle inflow beneath southern Italy. Contributions to Mineralogy and Petrology, 151(3), 331-351. D'orazio, M., Innocenti, F., Tonarini, S., & Doglioni, C. (2007). Carbonatites in a subduction system: the Pleistocene alvikites from Mt. Vulture (southern Italy). Lithos, 98(1-4), 313-334. Downes, H., Kostoula, T., Jones, A., Beard, A., Thirlwall, M., & Bodinier, J. L. (2002). Geochemistry and Sr–Nd isotopic compositions of mantle xenoliths from the Monte Vulture carbonatite–melilitite volcano, central southern Italy. Contributions to Mineralogy and Petrology, 144(1), 78-92. Jones, A. P., Kostoula, T., Stoppa, F., & Woolley, A. R. (2000). Petrography and mineral chemistry of mantle xenoliths in a carbonate-rich melilititic tuff from Mt. Vulture volcano, southern Italy. Mineralogical Magazine, 64(4), 593-613. La Volpe, L., Patella, D., Rapisardi, L., & Tramacere, A. (1984). The evolution of the Monte Vulture volcano (Southern Italy): inferences from volcanological, geological and deep dipole electrical soundings data. Journal of volcanology and geothermal research, 22(3-4), 147-162. Melluso, L., Morra, V., & Di Girolamo, P. (1996). The Mt. Vulture volcanic complex (Italy): evidence for distinct parental magmas and for residual melts with melilite. Mineralogy and Petrology, 56(3-4), 225-250. Rosatelli, G., Wall, F., & Stoppa, F. (2007). Calcio-carbonatite melts and metasomatism in the mantle beneath Mt. Vulture (Southern Italy). Lithos, 99(3-4), 229-248. Solovova, I. P., Girnis, A. V., Kogarko, L. N., Kononkova, N. N., Stoppa, F., & Rosatelli, G. (2005). Compositions of magmas and carbonate–silicate liquid immiscibility in the Vulture alkaline igneous complex, Italy. Lithos, 85(1-4), 113-128. Stoppa, F., & Principe, C. (1997). Eruption style and petrology of a new carbonatitic suite from the Mt. Vulture Southern Italy: The Monticchio Lakes Formation. Journal of volcanology and geothermal research, 78(3-4), 251-265. Stoppa, F., Jones, A.P. & Sharygin, V.V. 2009. Nyereite from carbonatite rocks at Vulture volcano; implications for mantle metasomatism and petrogenesis of alkali carbonate melts. Central European Journal of Geoscience, 1, 131-151. Villa, I. M., & Buettner, A. (2009). Chronostratigraphy of Monte Vulture volcano (southern Italy): secondary mineral microtextures and 39 Ar-40 Ar systematics. Bulletin of volcanology, 71(10), 1195.
  • Lazio
    • Rieti Province
      • Rieti
        • Santa Rufina
[Kalsilite-phlogopite melilitite] Conticelli, S., D’antonio, M., Pinarelli, L., & Civetta, L. (2002). Source contamination and mantle heterogeneity in the genesis of Italian potassic and ultrapotassic volcanic rocks: Sr–Nd–Pb isotope data from Roman Province and Southern Tuscany. Mineralogy and Petrology, 74(2-4), 189-222. Cundari, A., & Ferguson, A. K. (1991). Petrogenetic relationships between melilitite and lamproite. Contributions to Mineralogy and Petrology, 107(3), 343-357. Isakova, A. T., Panina, L. I., & Stoppa, F. (2017). Genesis of kalsilite melilitite at Cupaello, Central Italy: Evidence from melt inclusions. Petrology, 25(4), 433-447. Sabatini, V. (1903). La pirossenite melilitica di Coppaeli. Boll. R. Com. geol. Ital., 34, 376. Stoppa, F., & Cundari, A. (1995). A new Italian carbonatite occurrence at Cupaello (Rieti) and its genetic significance. Contributions to Mineralogy and Petrology, 122(3), 275-288. Villa, I., Serva, L., & Quercioli, C. (1991). Verso una datazione della lava di Cupaello (Rieti). Plinius, 4, 102-103.
  • Umbria
    • Perugia Province
      • Spoleto
Wheeler, S., Spigarelli, S., Stoppa, F., & Rinaldi, R. (1996). Secondary minerals from the igneous complex of Colle Fabbri, Spoleto (PG). Plinius, 16(2), 1.
  • Vestfold og Telemark
    • Larvik
      • Brunlanes
Dahlgren, S. & Larsen, A.O. (2012): Minerals of the banalsite-stronalsite series in amygdules from the Brunlanes ultramafic series. Norsk Bergverksmuseum Skrifter: 49: 93-100.
  • Irkutsk Oblast
    • Beloziminskoe
Ashchepkov, I.; Zhmodik, S.; Belyanin, D.; Kiseleva, O.N.; Medvedev, N.; Travin, A.; Yudin, D.; Karmanov, N.S.; Downes, H. (2020) Aillikites and Alkali Ultramafic Lamprophyres of the Beloziminsky Alkaline Ultrabasic-Carbonatite Massif: Possible Origin and Relations with Ore Deposits. Minerals 10, 404.
  • Krasnoyarsk Krai
    • Boguchansky District
Prokopyev, I.; Starikova, A.; Doroshkevich, A.; Nugumanova, Y.; Potapov, V. (2020) Petrogenesis of Ultramafic Lamprophyres from the Terina Complex (Chadobets Upland, Russia): Mineralogy and Melt Inclusion Composition. Minerals 10, 419.
Chebotarev, D. A., Doroshkevich, A. G., & Sharygin, V. V. (2017). Evolution and Formation Conditions for Pyrochlore-supergroup Minerals of Chuktukon Carbonatite Massif, Chadobets Upland (Krasnoyarsk Territory, Russia). In Magmatism of the Earth and related strategic metal deposits (pp. 47-50).; Doroshkevich, A. G., Chebotarev, D. A., Sharygin, V. V., Prokopyev, I. R., & Nikolenko, A. M. (2019). Petrology of alkaline silicate rocks and carbonatites of the Chuktukon massif, Chadobets upland, Russia: Sources, evolution and relation to the Triassic Siberian LIP. Lithos, 332, 245-260.
  • Västernorrland County
    • Sundsvall
Andersson, M., Malehmir, A., Troll, V. R., Dehghannejad, M., Juhlin, C., & Ask, M. (2013). Carbonatite ring-complexes explained by caldera-style volcanism. Scientific reports, 3(1), 1-9. Barber, D. J., & Wenk, H. R. (1984). Microstructures in carbonates from the Alnø and Fen carbonatites. Contributions to Mineralogy and Petrology, 88(3), 233-245. Brueckner, H. K., & Rex, D. C. (1980). KA and Rb Sr geochronology and Sr isotopic study of the Alnö alkaline complex, northeastern Sweden. Lithos, 13(2), 111-119. Von Eckermann, H. (1958). The alkaline and carbonatite dykes of the Alnö formation on the mainland north-west of Alnö Island Kungl. Svensk. Vetenskaps Handl. Fjärde Serien., 7, 1-61. Von Eckermann, H. (1966). Progress of research on the Alnö carbonatite. In Carbonatites. Intersci. Publishers New York. Eckermann, H. V. (1966). The pyroxenes of the Alnö carbonatites (sövite) and the surrounding fenites. Mineral. Soc. India, IMA Vol., 126-139. Eckermann, H. von. 1967. The strontium and barium contents of the Alnö sövites and the alkaline, carbonatitic and ultrabasic rocks. Arkiv för Mineralogi och Geologi, 4, 417-424. Ingrid, H. K. (1998). Rare earth elements in sövitic carbonatites and their mineral phases. Journal of Petrology, 39(11-12), 2105-2121. Kresten, P. (1977). K, Rb and Cs in carbonatites and associated rocks from central Sweden. Geologiska Föreningen i Stockholm Förhandlingar, 99(4), Kresten, P. 1979. The Alnö complex: discussion of the main features, bibliography and excursion guide. Paper presented at the Nordic Carbonatite Symposium, Alnö, Sweden. Kresten, P. (1980). The Alnö complex: tectonics of dyke emplacement. Lithos, 13(2), 153-158. Kresten, P. (1986). Alkaline and carbonatitic Alnø dikes (Map). Sveriges Geologiske Undersøkning, Ser. Ba, (31). Kresten, P., Printzlau, I., Rex, D., Vartiainen, H., & Woolley, A. (1977). New ages of carbonatitic and alkaline ultramafic rocks from Sweden and Finland. Geologiska Föreningen i Stockholm Förhandlingar, 99(1), 62-65. Meert, J. G., Walderhaug, H. J., Torsvik, T. H., & Hendriks, B. W. (2007). Age and paleomagnetic signature of the Alnø carbonatite complex (NE Sweden): Additional controversy for the Neoproterozoic paleoposition of Baltica. Precambrian Research, 154(3-4), 159-174. Morogan, V. (1989). Mass transfer and REE mobility during fenitization at Alnö, Sweden. Contributions to Mineralogy and Petrology, 103(1), 25-34. Morogan, V., & Lindblom, S. (1995). Volatiles associated with the alkaline–carbonatite magmatism at Alnö, Sweden: a study of fluid and solid inclusions in minerals from the Laångarsholmen ring complex. Contributions to Mineralogy and Petrology, 122(3), 262-274. Morogan, V., & Woolley, A. R. (1988). Fenitization at the Alnö carbonatite complex, Sweden; distribution, mineralogy and genesis. Contributions to Mineralogy and Petrology, 100(2), 169-182. Vuorinen, J. H., & Hålenius, U. (2005). Nb-, Zr-and LREE-rich titanite from the Alnö alkaline complex: crystal chemistry and its importance as a petrogenetic indicator. Lithos, 83(1-2), 128-142. Vuorinen, J. H., & Skelton, A. D. (2004). Origin of silicate minerals in carbonatites from Alnö Island, Sweden: magmatic crystallization or wall rock assimilation?. Terra Nova, 16(4), 210-215.
  • Western Region
    • Kasese
      • Katwe-Kikorongo volcanic field (Katwe volcanic field)
Stoppa, F., Woolley, A. R., Lloyd, F. E., and Eby, N. (2000) Carbonatite lapilli-bearing tuff and a dolomite carbonatite bomb from Murumuli crater, Katwe volcanic field, Uganda. Mineralogical Magazine 64, 641-650.
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