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Zussmanite

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About ZussmaniteHide

Formula:
K(Fe,Mg,Mn)13(Si,Al)18O42(OH)14
Colour:
Light to medium green
Lustre:
Sub-Vitreous, Resinous, Greasy
Specific Gravity:
3.146
Crystal System:
Trigonal
Name:
Named after Jack Zussman (1924 - ), Professor of Mineralogy, University of Manchester (England).
Prof. Zussman was one of the authors of the Rock-Forming Minerals book series (W.A. Deer, R.A. Howie and J. Zussman).
Isostructural with:
Fe2+-analogue of Coombsite.

Dark green micaceous mineral in stilpnomelane and quartz gneiss. A modulated phyllosilicate.


Classification of ZussmaniteHide

Approved
Approval Year:
1964
9.EG.35

9 : SILICATES (Germanates)
E : Phyllosilicates
G : Double nets with 6-membered and larger rings
74.1.4.1

74 : PHYLLOSILICATES Modulated Layers
1 : Modulated Layers with joined islands
16.16.17

16 : Silicates Containing Aluminum and other Metals
16 : Aluminosilicates of Mn

Physical Properties of ZussmaniteHide

Sub-Vitreous, Resinous, Greasy
Transparency:
Transparent
Colour:
Light to medium green
Tenacity:
Flexible
Cleavage:
Perfect
{0001}
Fracture:
Micaceous
Density:
3.146 g/cm3 (Measured)    3.14 g/cm3 (Calculated)

Optical Data of ZussmaniteHide

Type:
Uniaxial (-)
RI values:
nω = 1.643 nε = 1.623
Birefringence:
0.020
Max Birefringence:
δ = 0.020
Image shows birefringence interference colour range (at 30µm thickness)
and does not take into account mineral colouration.
Surface Relief:
Moderate
Optical Extinction:
parallel
Pleochroism:
Weak
Comments:
O = pale green, e = colourless

Chemical Properties of ZussmaniteHide

Formula:
K(Fe,Mg,Mn)13(Si,Al)18O42(OH)14
Common Impurities:
Na,Ti

Crystallography of ZussmaniteHide

Crystal System:
Trigonal
Class (H-M):
3 - Pyramidal
Space Group:
R3
Cell Parameters:
a = 11.66 Å, c = 28.69 Å
Ratio:
a:c = 1 : 2.461
Unit Cell V:
3,377.99 ų (Calculated from Unit Cell)
Z:
3
Morphology:
Platy granular

Crystal StructureHide

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IDSpeciesReferenceLinkYearLocalityPressure (GPa)Temp (K)
0014450ZussmaniteLopes-Vieira A, Zussman J (1969) Further detail on the crystal structure of zussmanite Mineralogical Magazine 37 49-601969Laytonville district, Mendocino County, California0293
CIF Raw Data - click here to close

X-Ray Powder DiffractionHide

Powder Diffraction Data:
d-spacingIntensity
9.60 Å(100)
4.78 Å(100)
3.78 Å(50)
3.69 Å(50)
3.19 Å(80)
2.74 Å(50)
2.20 Å(50)
1.908 Å(50)

Type Occurrence of ZussmaniteHide

General Appearance of Type Material:
Green grains and bands of grains in black matrix
Geological Setting of Type Material:
Blue-schist facies metamorphism.
Associated Minerals at Type Locality:

Synonyms of ZussmaniteHide

Other Language Names for ZussmaniteHide

Common AssociatesHide

Associated Minerals Based on Photo Data:
3 photos of Zussmanite associated with Stilpnomelane(K,Ca,Na)(Fe,Mg,Al)8(Si,Al)12(O,OH)36 · nH2O
2 photos of Zussmanite associated with HowieiteNa(Fe,Mn)10(Fe,Al)2Si12O31(OH)13
1 photo of Zussmanite associated with Pumpellyite-(Mg)Ca2MgAl2[Si2O6OH][SiO4](OH)2(OH)

Related Minerals - Nickel-Strunz GroupingHide

9.EG.05CymriteBaAl2Si2(O,OH)8 · H2OMon.
9.EG.10Naujakasite(Na,K)6(Fe2+,Mn2+,Ca)(Al,Fe)4Si8O26Mon. 2/m : B2/m
9.EG.10ManganonaujakasiteNa6(Mn2+,Fe2+)Al4Si8O26Mon.
9.EG.15DmisteinbergiteCa(Al2Si2O8)Trig. 3 2 : P3 1 2
9.EG.20KampfiteBa12(Si11Al5)O31(CO3)8Cl5Mon. m
9.EG.25SträtlingiteCa2Al2SiO7 · 8H2OTrig.
9.EG.25VertumniteCa4Al4Si4O6(OH)24 · 3H2OMon. 2/m : P21/m
9.EG.30Eggletonite(Na,K,Ca)2(Mn,Fe)8(Si,Al)12O29(OH)7 · 11H2OMon.
9.EG.30Ganophyllite(K,Na,Ca)2Mn8(Si,Al)12(O,OH)32 · 8H2OMon.
9.EG.30Tamaite(Ca,K,Ba,Na)3-4Mn24(Si,Al)40(O,OH)112 · 21H2OMon.
9.EG.35CoombsiteK(Mn,Fe,Mg)13(Si,Al)18O42(OH)14Trig.
9.EG.40Franklinphilite(K,Na)4(Mn2+,Mg,Zn)48(Si,Al)72(O,OH)216 · 6H2OTric.
9.EG.40LennilenapeiteK6-7(Mg,Mn,Fe,Zn)48(Si,Al)72(O,OH)216 · 16H2OTric.
9.EG.40Parsettensite(K,Na,Ca)7.5(Mn,Mg)49Si72O168(OH)50 · nH2OMon. 2/m : B2/m
9.EG.40Stilpnomelane(K,Ca,Na)(Fe,Mg,Al)8(Si,Al)12(O,OH)36 · nH2OTric. 1 : P1
9.EG.45Latiumite(Ca,K)4(Si,Al)5O11(SO4,CO3)Mon.
9.EG.45Tuscanite(K(Ca,Na)6(Si,Al)10O22[SO4,CO3,(OH)2] · H2OMon.
9.EG.50JagoitePb18Fe3+4[Si4(Si,Fe3+)6][Pb4Si16(Si,Fe)4]O82Cl6Hex.
9.EG.55WickenburgiteCaPb3Al2Si10O24(OH)6Trig. 3m : P3 1c
9.EG.60HyttsjöitePb18Ba2Ca5Mn2+2Fe3+2Si30O90Cl · 6H2OTrig.
9.EG.65ArmbrusteriteK5Na7Mn15[(Si9O22)4](OH)10 · 4H2OMon. 2/m : B2/m
9.EG.70Britvinite[Pb7(OH)3F(BO3)2(CO3)][Mg4.5(OH)3(Si5O14)]Tric. 1 : P1
9.EG.75Bannisterite(Ca,K,Na)(Mn2+,Fe2+)10(Si,Al)16O38(OH)8 · nH2OMon. 2/m : B2/b

Related Minerals - Hey's Chemical Index of Minerals GroupingHide

16.16.1KanonaiteMn3+Al(SiO4)OOrth. mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m) : Pnnm
16.16.2SpessartineMn2+3Al2(SiO4)3Iso. m3m (4/m 3 2/m) : Ia3d
16.16.3DavreuxiteMnAl6Si4O17(OH)2Mon.
16.16.4SursassiteMn2+2Al3(SiO4)(Si2O7)(OH)3Mon. 2/m : P21/m
16.16.5CarpholiteMn2+Al2(Si2O6)(OH)4Orth.
16.16.6KellyiteMn2+2Al(AlSiO5)(OH)4Hex. 6 : P63
16.16.7PennantiteMn2+5Al(AlSi3O10)(OH)8Tric.
16.16.8AkatoreiteMn2+9Al2Si8O24(OH)8Tric.
16.16.9Ganophyllite(K,Na,Ca)2Mn8(Si,Al)12(O,OH)32 · 8H2OMon.
16.16.10Mangano-ferri-eckermannite{Na}{Na2}{Mn2+4Fe3+}Si8O22(OH)2Mon.
16.16.11Masutomilite(K,Rb)(Li,Mn3+,Al)3(AlSi3O10)(F,OH)2Mon.
16.16.13HowieiteNa(Fe,Mn)10(Fe,Al)2Si12O31(OH)13Tric.
16.16.14Eggletonite(Na,K,Ca)2(Mn,Fe)8(Si,Al)12O29(OH)7 · 11H2OMon.
16.16.15Bannisterite(Ca,K,Na)(Mn2+,Fe2+)10(Si,Al)16O38(OH)8 · nH2OMon. 2/m : B2/b
16.16.16Taneyamalite(Na,Ca)(Mn,Mg,Fe)12Si12(O,OH)44Tric.
16.16.18CoombsiteK(Mn,Fe,Mg)13(Si,Al)18O42(OH)14Trig.
16.16.19HenritermieriteCa3Mn3+2(SiO4)2[◻(OH)4]Tet. 4/mmm (4/m 2/m 2/m) : I41/acd
16.16.20MacfalliteCa2Mn3+3(SiO4)(Si2O7)(OH)3Mon.
16.16.21Ottrélite(Mn2+,Fe2+,Mg)Al2(SiO4)O(OH)2Mon.
16.16.22Piemontite{Ca2}{Al2Mn3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)Mon. 2/m : P21/m
16.16.23OkhotskiteCa2Mn2+Mn3+2[Si2O6OH][SiO4](OH)2(OH)Mon.
16.16.24Pumpellyite-(Mn2+)Ca2Mn2+Al2[Si2O6OH][SiO4](OH)2(OH)Mon.
16.16.25Piemontite-(Sr){CaSr}{Al2Mn3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)Mon.

Fluorescence of ZussmaniteHide

Not fluorescent in UV

Other InformationHide

Health Risks:
No information on health risks for this material has been entered into the database. You should always treat mineral specimens with care.

References for ZussmaniteHide

Reference List:
Sort by Year (asc) | by Year (desc) | by Author (A-Z) | by Author (Z-A)
Agrell, S.O. (1964) Deerite, howieite, and zussmanite, three new minerals from the Franciscan of the Laytonville district, Mendocino County, California (title only), American Mineralogist: 49.
Agrell, S.O., M.G. Brown & McKie (1965) Deerite, howieite and zussmanite, three new minerals from the Franciscan of the Laytonville district, Mendocino County, California: American Mineralogist: 50: 278.
Lopez-Viera, A. & J. Zussman (1967) The crystal structure of the mineral zussmanite: Mineralogical Magazine: 36: 292-293.
Lopez-Viera, A. & J. Zussman (1969) Further details on the crystal structure of the mineral zussmanite: Mineralogical Magazine: 37: 49-60.
Boerner, U. (1969) Deerit, Howieit und Zussmanit, neue seltene Mineralien von einen Steinbruch bei Laytonville in Nord-Kalifornien: Aufschluss: 20: 338-341.
Mineralogical Magazine (1980): 43: 605.

Internet Links for ZussmaniteHide

Localities for ZussmaniteHide

This map shows a selection of localities that have latitude and longitude coordinates recorded. Click on the symbol to view information about a locality. The symbol next to localities in the list can be used to jump to that position on the map.

Locality ListHide

- This locality has map coordinates listed. - This locality has estimated coordinates. ⓘ - Click for further information on this occurrence. ? - Indicates mineral may be doubtful at this locality. - Good crystals or important locality for species. - World class for species or very significant. (TL) - Type Locality for a valid mineral species. (FRL) - First Recorded Locality for everything else (eg varieties). Struck out - Mineral was erroneously reported from this locality. Faded * - Never found at this locality but inferred to have existed at some point in the past (eg from pseudomorphs.)

All localities listed without proper references should be considered as questionable.
Australia
 
  • Tasmania
    • Circular Head municipality
      • Balfour-Temma district
        • Temma
unpublished data, R. Bottrill
Chile
 
  • Araucanía
    • Cautín Province
Massonne, H.J., Hervé, F., Medenbach, O., Muñoz, V., Willner, A.P. (1998) Zussmanite in ferruginous metasediments from Southern Central Chile. Mineralogical Magazine, 62:6, 869-876.
  • Los Lagos
    • Osorno Province
Duhart, P., McDonough, M., Munoz, J., Martin, M., Villeneuve, M. (2010) The Bahía Mansa Metamorphic Complex in the Coastal Range of south central Chile (39°30'-42°00'S): K-Ar, 40Ar/39Ar and U-Pb geochronology and their implications in the evolution of the southwestern margin of Gondwana. Revista Geológica de Chile, 28: 2, 179-208. [doi:http://dx.doi.org/10.5027/andgeoV28n2-a03].
Norway
 
  • Buskerud
    • Drammen
Sigurd Stordal collection
USA
 
  • California
    • Mendocino Co.
      • Coastal Range
[MinRec 8:433]
Agrell, S.O. (1964), Deerite, howieite, and zussmanite, three new minerals from the Franciscan of the Laytonville district, Mendocino County, California (title only), Am.Min.: 49; MM 43 (1980), 605; HB2/2 (1995).; Wood, R. W. (1979) The iron-rich blueschist facies minerals: 2. Howieite. Mineralogical Magazine 43:363-370.; Robert Muir Wood (1982) The Laytonville Quarry (Mendocino County California) Exotic Block: Iron-rich Blueschist-Facies Subduction-Zone Metamorphism. Mineralogical Magazine 45:87-99.
        • Longvale
Anonymous (1964), Three new minerals from California (deerite, howieite, and zussmanite): California Division of Mines and Geology, Mineral Information Service: 17: 138; USGS MRDS database (2005), loc. file ID #10286314 & 10031493.
 
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