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Zirconolite

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About ZirconoliteHide

Formula:
CaZrTi2O7
Colour:
Black to brown, red
Lustre:
Resinous, Sub-Metallic
Hardness:
Crystal System:
Orthorhombic
Name:
Named for the zirconium in its composition.
A complex zirconium titanium oxide with three polytypoids known (2M, 3O, 3T).

Gieré et al. (1998) identified five hypothetical end-members, CaZrTi2O7, CaZrMe5+Me3+O7, ACTZrTiMe2+O7, REEZrTiMe3+O7 and REEZrMe5+Me2+O7.
The last one has been observed as a 53% percentage of REEZrNb(Mn,Fe)O7 in a sample from the Eifel volcanic region (Della Ventura et al., 2000).

Related to laachite.


Classification of ZirconoliteHide

Approved, 'Grandfathered' (first described prior to 1959)
4.DH.30

4 : OXIDES (Hydroxides, V[5,6] vanadates, arsenites, antimonites, bismuthites, sulfites, selenites, tellurites, iodates)
D : Metal: Oxygen = 1:2 and similar
H : With large (+- medium-sized) cations; sheets of edge-sharing octahedra
8.2.5.5

8 : MULTIPLE OXIDES CONTAINING NIOBIUM,TANTALUM OR TITANIUM
2 : A2B2O6(O,OH,F)
7.10.5

7 : Oxides and Hydroxides
10 : Oxides of Zr and Th

Physical Properties of ZirconoliteHide

Resinous, Sub-Metallic
Transparency:
Translucent, Opaque
Colour:
Black to brown, red
Streak:
Dark brown, brownish yellow
Hardness:
5½ on Mohs scale

Optical Data of ZirconoliteHide

Type:
Biaxial
Dispersion:
r > v strong

Chemical Properties of ZirconoliteHide

Formula:
CaZrTi2O7
IMA Formula:
(Ca,Y)Zr(Ti,Mg,Al)2O7

Crystallography of ZirconoliteHide

Polytype:
Formula:
Crystal System:
Class (H-M)
Space Group:
Space Group Setting:
Cell Parameters:
Ratio:
Unit Cell Volume (calc):
Z:
Zirconolite-2MZirconolite-3OZirconolite-3T
(Ca,REE)2Zr2(Ti,Nb)3FeO14(Ca,REE)2Zr2(Ti,Nb)3FeO14(Ca,REE)2Zr2(Ti,Nb)3FeO14
Monoclinic Orthorhombic Trigonal 
2/m - Prismaticmmm (2/m 2/m 2/m) - Dipyramidal3 2 - Trapezohedral
B2/b  P31 2 1
C2/c   
a = 12.444(2) Å, b = 7.266(1) Å, c = 11.341(2) Å
β = 100.59(1)°
a = 10.148(4) Å, b = 14.147(5) Å, c = 7.278(3) Å
a = 7.279(2) Å, c = 16.89(2) Å
a:b:c = 1.713 : 1 : 1.561a:b:c = 0.717 : 1 : 0.514a:c = 1 : 2.32
V 1,007.97 ų
(Calculated from Unit Cell)
V 1,044.86 ų
(Calculated from Unit Cell)
V 775.00 ų
(Calculated from Unit Cell)
   

Type Occurrence of ZirconoliteHide

Other Language Names for ZirconoliteHide

Varieties of ZirconoliteHide

NiobozirconoliteA Nb-bearing variety of zirconolite.

Common AssociatesHide

Associated Minerals Based on Photo Data:
3 photos of Zirconolite associated with CalzirtiteCaZr3TiO9
2 photos of Zirconolite associated with CalciteCaCO3
2 photos of Zirconolite associated with SpinelMgAl2O4
2 photos of Zirconolite associated with RutileTiO2
2 photos of Zirconolite associated with IlmeniteFe2+TiO3
1 photo of Zirconolite associated with MagnetiteFe2+Fe3+2O4
1 photo of Zirconolite associated with UlvöspinelTiFe2O4
1 photo of Zirconolite associated with FayaliteFe2+2SiO4
1 photo of Zirconolite associated with Hornblende
1 photo of Zirconolite associated with SanidineK(AlSi3O8)

Related Minerals - Nickel-Strunz GroupingHide

4.DH.Fluornatropyrochlore(Na,Pb,Ca,REE,U)2Nb2O6FIso. m3m (4/m 3 2/m)
4.DH.Roméite GroupA2(Sb5+)2O6Z
4.DH.Hydroxykenomicrolite(◻,Na,Sb3+)2Ta2O6(OH)Iso.
4.DH.OxyplumboroméitePb2Sb2O6OIso. m3m (4/m 3 2/m) : Fd3m
4.DH.Cesiokenopyrochlore□Nb2(O,OH)6Cs1−x (x ∼ 0.20)Iso. m3m (4/m 3 2/m) : Fd3m
4.DH.05BranneriteUTi2O6Mon. 2/m : B2/m
4.DH.05OrthobranneriteU4+U6+Ti4O12(OH)2Orth.
4.DH.05Thorutite(Th,U,Ca)Ti2(O,OH)6Mon.
4.DH.10KassiteCaTi2O4(OH)2Orth.
4.DH.10Lucasite-(Ce)CeTi2(O,OH)6Mon.
4.DH.15Bariomicrolite (of Hogarth 1977)Iso. m3m (4/m 3 2/m) : Fd3m
4.DH.15Betafite (of Hogarth 1977)(Ca,Na,U)2(Ti, Nb,Ta)2O6Z(OH)Iso. m3m (4/m 3 2/m) : Fd3m
4.DH.15Bismutomicrolite (of Hogarth 1977)Iso. m3m (4/m 3 2/m) : Fd3m
4.DH.15Ceriopyrochlore (of Hogarth 1977)A2Nb2(O,OH)6Z
4.DH.15JixianitePb(W,Fe3+)2(O,OH)7Iso. m3m (4/m 3 2/m) : Fd3m
4.DH.15Hydropyrochlore(H2O,□)2Nb2(O,OH)6(H2O)Iso. m3m (4/m 3 2/m) : Fd3m
4.DH.15Plumbopyrochlore (of Skorobogatova et al.)A2Nb2(O,OH)6Z
4.DH.15Plumbomicrolite (of Hogarth 1977)
4.DH.15Plumbobetafite (of Hogarth 1977)A2-mD2X6-wZ1-n
4.DH.15Stibiomicrolite (of Groat et al.)
4.DH.15Strontiopyrochlore (of Hogarth 1977)A2Nb2(O,OH)6Z
4.DH.15Stannomicrolite (of Hogarth 1977)
4.DH.15Stibiobetafite (of Černý et al.)A2-mD2X6-wZ1-nIso.
4.DH.15Uranpyrochlore (of Hogarth 1977)(Ca,U,Ce)2(Nb,Ti,Ta)2O6(OH,F)Iso.
4.DH.15Yttropyrochlore (of Hogarth 1977)A2Nb2(O,OH)6Z
4.DH.15Fluornatromicrolite(Na1.5Bi0.5)Ta2O6FIso. m3m (4/m 3 2/m) : Fd3m
4.DH.15Bismutopyrochlore (of Chukanov et al.)(Bi,Ca,U,Pb)2-xNb2(O,OH)6(OH)Amor.
4.DH.15Hydrokenoelsmoreite2W2O6(H2O)Iso. m3m (4/m 3 2/m) : Fd3m
4.DH.20BismutostibiconiteBi(Sb5+,Fe3+)2O7Iso. m3m (4/m 3 2/m) : Fd3m
4.DH.20BindheimitePb2Sb2O6OIso. m3m (4/m 3 2/m) : Fd3m
4.DH.20MonimolitePb2Sb5+2O7Iso. m3m (4/m 3 2/m)
4.DH.20CuproroméiteCu2Sb2(O,OH)7Iso.
4.DH.20StetefeldtiteAg2Sb2(O,OH)7Iso.
4.DH.20StibiconiteSb3+Sb5+2O6(OH)
4.DH.25RosiaitePbSb5+2O6Trig. 3m (3 2/m) : P3 1m
4.DH.35LiandratiteU(Nb,Ta)2O8Trig.
4.DH.35PetscheckiteUFe(Nb,Ta)2O8Hex.
4.DH.40IngersoniteCa3Mn2+Sb5+4O14Trig. 3 2 : P31 2 1
4.DH.45PittongiteNa0.22(W,Fe3+)(O,OH)3 · 0.44H2OHex. 6 m2 : P6m2

Related Minerals - Dana Grouping (8th Ed.)Hide

8.2.5.1Zirkelite(Ti,Ca,Zr)O2-xIso.

Related Minerals - Hey's Chemical Index of Minerals GroupingHide

7.10.1BaddeleyiteZrO2Mon. 2/m : P21/b
7.10.2ArkeliteIso.
7.10.3PainiteCaZrAl9(BO3)O15Hex. 6/m : P63/m
7.10.4SrilankiteZrTi2O6Orth. mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m) : Pbcn
7.10.6CalzirtiteCaZr3TiO9Tet.
7.10.7Tazheranite(Zr,Ti,Ca)O2-xIso.
7.10.8Zirkelite(Ti,Ca,Zr)O2-xIso.
7.10.9UhligiteCa3(Ti,Al,Zr)9O20 ?Iso.
7.10.10ThorianiteThO2Iso. m3m (4/m 3 2/m)

Other InformationHide

Health Risks:
May be slightly radioactive.

References for ZirconoliteHide

Reference List:
Sort by Year (asc) | by Year (desc) | by Author (A-Z) | by Author (Z-A)
Gatehouse, B.M., Grey, I.E., Hill, R.J., Rossell, H.J. (1981) Zirconolite, CaZrxTi3-xO7; structure refinements for near-end-member compositions with x = 0.85 and 1.30. Acta Crystallographica: B37: 306-312.
Mazzi, F., Munno, R. (1983) Calciobetafite (new mineral of the pyrochlore group) and related minerals from Campi Flegrei, Italy; crystal structures of polymignite, and zirkelite: comparison with pyrochlore and zirconolite. American Mineralogist: 68: 262-276.
Kesson, S. E., Sinclair, W. J. and Ringwood, A. E. (1983): Solid solution limits in SYNROC zirconolite. Nucl. Chem. Waste Manage. 4, 259-265.
Bayliss, P., Mazzi, F., Munno, R. White, T.J. (1989) Mineral nomenclature: zirconolite. Mineralogical Magazine: 53: 565-569.
Cheary, R.W. (1992) Zirconolite CaZr0.92Ti2.08O7 from 294 to 1173 K. J. Solid State Chemistry: 98: 323-329.
Rossell, H.J. (1992) Solid solution of metal oxides in the zirconolite phase CaZrTi2O7. I. Heterotype solid solutions. Journl of Solid State Chemistry: 99: 38-51.
Rossell, H.J. (1992) Solid solution of metal oxides in the zirconolite phase CaZrTi2O7. II: The ternary phase CaZrxTi3−xO7. Journal of Solid State Chemistry: 99: 52-57.
Mineralogical Magazine (1994): 5: 259-269.
Doklady Akademii Nauk SSSR: 110: 845-848.
Calos, N.J., Forrester, T.S., Kennard, C.H.L., White, T.J. (1996) Crystal structure of calcium titanium ytterbium zirconium oxide (zirconolite-2M), Ca0.71Ti1.16Yb0.66Zr1.46O7. Z. Kristallogr. 211, 703-704.
Gieré, R., Williams, C.T., Lumpkin, G.R. (1998) Chemical characteristics of natural zirconolite. Schweizerische Mineralogische und Petrographische Mitteilungen: 78: 433-459.
Bulakh, A.G., Nesterov, A.R., Anastasenko, G.F., Anisimov, I.S. (1999) Crystal morphology and intergrowths of calzirtite Ca2Zr5TiO16, zirkelite (Ti,Ca,Zr)O2-x, zirconolite CaZrTi2O7 in phoscorites and carbonatites of the Kola Peninsula (Russia). Neues Jahrbuch für Mineralogie - Monatshefte: 1999: 11-20.
Della Ventura, G., Bellatreccia, F., Williams, C.T. (2000) Zirconolite with significant REEZrNb(Mn,Fe)O7 from a xenolith of the Laacher See eruptive center, Eifel volcanic region, Germany. Canadian Mineralogist: 38: 57-65.
Della Ventura, G., Williams, T.C., Raudsepp, M., Bellatreccia, F., Caprilli, E., Giordano, G. (2001) Perrierite-(Ce) and zirconolite from a syenitic ejectum of the Roccamonfina volcano (Latium, Italy): implications for the mobility of Zr, Ti and REE in volcanic environments. Neues Jahrbuch für Mineralogie: 2001: 385-402.
Bellatreccia, F., Della Ventura, G., Williams, C.T., Lumpkin, G.R., Smith, K.L., Colella, M. (2002) Non-metamict zirconolite polytypes from the feldspathoid-bearing alkali-syenitic ejecta of the Vico volcanic complex (Latium, Italy). European Journal of Mineralogy: 14: 809-820.
Blaß, G., Graf, H.-W., Kolitsch, U. (2003) Zirconolite (CaZrTi2O7) from the volcanic Eifel - Verification of three different polytypoids. Mineralien-Welt: 14(3): 32-35. (in German)
Zubkova, N.V., Chukanov, N.V., Pekov, I.V., Ternes, B., Schüller, W., Ksenofontov, D.A., Pushcharovsky, D.Yu. (2018): The crystal structure of nonmetamict Nb-rich zirconolite-3T from the Eifel paleovolcanic region, Germany. Zeitschrift für Kristallographie - Crystalline Materials, 233, 463–468.

Internet Links for ZirconoliteHide

Localities for ZirconoliteHide

This map shows a selection of localities that have latitude and longitude coordinates recorded. Click on the symbol to view information about a locality. The symbol next to localities in the list can be used to jump to that position on the map.

Locality ListHide

- This locality has map coordinates listed. - This locality has estimated coordinates. ⓘ - Click for further information on this occurrence. ? - Indicates mineral may be doubtful at this locality. - Good crystals or important locality for species. - World class for species or very significant. (TL) - Type Locality for a valid mineral species. (FRL) - First Recorded Locality for everything else (eg varieties). Struck out - Mineral was erroneously reported from this locality. Faded * - Never found at this locality but inferred to have existed at some point in the past (eg from pseudomorphs.)

All localities listed without proper references should be considered as questionable.
Algeria
 
  • Tamanghasset Province
    • Ahaggar Mtn (Hoggar Mtn)
      • Laouni
Can Miner. 25, 687-693 (1987)
Angola
 
  • Cuanza Sul Province
    • Sumbe City Council
33rd International Geological Congress (2008) session MPI-07 Alkaline and carbonatite magmatism and related ore deposits: Extrusive calcite carbonatite from Catanda, Angola: Magmatic and hydrothermal history from studies of pyrochlore
  • Huíla Province
    • Lubango City Council
Amores-Casals, S., Melgarejo, J. C., Bambi, A., Gonçalves, A. O., Morais, E. A., Manuel, J., ... & Molist, J. M. (2019). Lamprophyre-Carbonatite Magma Mingling and Subsolidus Processes as Key Controls on Critical Element Concentration in Carbonatites—The Bonga Complex (Angola). Minerals, 9(10), 601.
Mariano, A. N., Roeder, P. L., 1989. Wöhlerite: chemical composition, cathodoluminescence and environment of crystallization. Canadian Mineralogist, 27: 709-720.
Antarctica
 
  • Eastern Antarctica
    • Princess Elizabeth Land
      • Ingrid Christensen Coast
MinMag 58:259 (1994)
    • Queen Maud Land
      • Sør Rondane Mountains
Grew, E. S., Essene, E. J., Peacor, D. R., Su, S. C. and Asami, M. (1991): Dissakisite-(Ce), a new member of the epidote group and the magnesium analogue of allanite-(Ce), from Antarctica. American Mineralogist 76, 1990-1997.
Australia
 
  • Queensland
    • Tablelands Region
      • Kinrara National Park
Sutherland,FL, Coenraads, R, Abduriyim, A and Meffre, S., 2013. Lava Plains, NE Queensland, gem mineral suite. Abstracts, 36th Annual Seminar, Mineralogical Societies of Australasia. Sydney. p. 21-23.
  • Tasmania
Sebastian Meffre, pers comm
    • Kingborough municipality
      • Snug
Melluso, L., Hergt, J. M., & Zanetti, A. (2014). The late crystallization stages of low-Ti, low-Fe tholeiitic magmas: insights from evolved Antarctic and Tasmanian rocks. Lithos, 188, 72-83.
  • Western Australia
    • Ashburton Shire
      • Barradale
Rasmussen et. al, 2011, Tranquillityite: The last lunar mineral comes down to Earth, in Geology, January 2012; v. 40; no. 1; p. 83–86.
    • Derby-West Kimberley Shire
Rasmussen et. al, 2011, Tranquillityite: The last lunar mineral comes down to Earth, in Geology, January 2012; v. 40; no. 1; p. 83–86
    • East Pilbara Shire
Rasmussen et. al, 2011, Tranquillityite: The last lunar mineral comes down to Earth, in Geology, January 2012; v. 40; no. 1; p. 83–86.
Rasmussen et. al, 2011, Tranquillityite: The last lunar mineral comes down to Earth, in Geology, January 2012; v. 40; no. 1; p. 83–86.; Hickman, A.H. (1978) Nullagine, Western Australia: Geological Survey of Australia 1:250,000 Geological Series Explanatory Notes, 22p. Rasmussen, B., and Fletcher, I.R. (2004) Zirconolite, a new U-Pb geochronometer. Geology, 32, 785-788. doi:10.1130/G20658.1. Rasmussen, B. et al (2012) Tranquillityite: the last lunar mineral comes down to Earth. Geology, 40(1) 83-86.
Rasmussen et. al, 2011, Tranquillityite: The last lunar mineral comes down to Earth, in Geology, January 2012; v. 40; no. 1; p. 83–86
    • Halls Creek Shire
      • Lamboo Station
        • Mount Dockrell pegmatites (Mount Dockerell)
Jacobson, M., Calderwood, M., Grguric, B.(2007): Pegmatites of Western Australia (2007); Downes, P. J., Dunkley, D. J., Fletcher, I. R., McNaughton, N. J., Rasmussen, B., Jaques, A. L., ... & Sweetapple, M. T. (2016). Zirconolite, zircon and monazite-(Ce) U-Th-Pb age constraints on the emplacement, deformation and alteration history of the Cummins Range Carbonatite Complex, Halls Creek Orogen, Kimberley region, Western Australia. Mineralogy and Petrology, 110(2-3), 199-222.
    • Kalgoorlie-Boulder Shire
      • Kalgoorlie-Boulder
Rasmussen, B. et al. (2009): Contrib. Mineral. Petrol. 157, 559-572.
Austria
 
  • Lower Austria
    • Melk District
      • Dunkelsteinerwald
        • Kochholz
Kolitsch, U. (2018): 2095) Arsenopyrit (Co-haltig), Fluorapatit, Geikielith, Klinochlor und Zirkonolith im Spinell-Forsterit-Marmor von Kochholz, Dunkelsteinerwald, Niederösterreich. Pp. 238-240 in Walter, F. et al. (2018): Neue Mineralfunde aus Österreich LXVII. Carinthia II, 208./128., 185-254.
  • Styria
    • Weiz District
      • Stubenberg am See
Tropper, P. et al. (2001, 2003, 2005, 2007); http://www.franzbernhard.x10hosting.com/polishedslabs.html
  • Tyrol
    • Imst District
      • Längenfeld
Purtscheller, F. & Tessadri, R. (1985): Zirconolite and baddeleyite from metacarbonates of the Oetztal-Stubai complex (northern Tyrol, Austria). Mineral. Mag. 49, 523-529.
        • Sulz valley
          • Gries
Purtscheller, F. & Tessadri, R. (1985): Zirconolite and baddeleyite from metacarbonates of the Oetztal-Stubai complex (northern Tyrol, Austria). Mineral. Mag. 49, 523-529.
Brazil
 
  • Goiás
    • Catalão I carbonatite complex
      • Ouvidor
Romanian Journal of Mineral Deposits, Vol 85, No. 1 pp14-18
Bilal, E., De Mello, F. M., Soubiès, F., & Bounakhla, M. (2012). REE minerals in Catalão II, Goias, Brazil. Romanian Journal of Mineral Deposits, 85(1), 14-18.
  • Minas Gerais
    • Araxá
Traversa, G., Gomes, C. B., Brotzu, P., Buraglini, N., Morbidelli, L., Principato, M. S., ... & Ruberti, E. (2001). Petrography and mineral chemistry of carbonatites and mica-rich rocks from the Araxá complex (Alto Paranaíba Province, Brazil). Anais da Academia Brasileira de Ciências, 73(1), 71-98.
  • Rio de Janeiro
    • Itatiaia
elluso, L., Guarino, V., Lustrino, M., Morra, V., De' Gennaro, R. (2016): The REE- and HFSE-bearing phases in the Itatiaia Alkaline Complex (Brazil), and geochemical evolution of feldspar-rich felsic melts. Mineralogical Magazine: 80: (in press); http://forum.amiminerals.it/viewtopic.php?f=5&t=12839&sid=298fa3a883df3b6a74caf0dae5778cc7 (2016)
  • São Paulo
    • Cajati
MinMag 63:649; Costanzo, A., Moore, K. R., Wall, F., & Feely, M. (2006). Fluid inclusions in apatite from Jacupiranga calcite carbonatites: evidence for a fluid-stratified carbonatite magma chamber. Lithos, 91(1), 208-228.; Wu, F. Y., Yang, Y. H., Mitchell, R. H., Bellatreccia, F., Li, Q. L., & Zhao, Z. F. (2010). In situ U–Pb and Nd–Hf–(Sr) isotopic investigations of zirconolite and calzirtite. Chemical Geology, 277(1), 178-195.
Canada
 
  • British Columbia
    • Greenwood Mining Division
      • Grand Forks
Richard Gunter specimens, ID by XRD
  • Newfoundland and Labrador
    • Labrador
Tappe, S., (2005) Genesis of Ultramafic Lamprophyres and Carbonatites, Aillik Bay, Canada: Implications for Incipient Rifting in the Labrador Sea Area. Nature and Origin of Ultramafic Lamprophyres and Carbonatites from the Borders of the Labrador Sea: Insights from Petrology, Geochemistry, and Geochronology. PhD thesis Johannes Gutenberg-Universität Mainz
  • Ontario
    • Thunder Bay District
Mitchell et al. (1993)
      • Killala Lake Area
Mariano, A. N., Roeder, P. L., 1989. Wöhlerite: chemical composition, cathodoluminescence and environment of crystallization. Canadian Mineralogist, 27: 709-720. ; Wu, F. Y., Yang, Y. H., Mitchell, R. H., Bellatreccia, F., Li, Q. L., & Zhao, Z. F. (2010). In situ U–Pb and Nd–Hf–(Sr) isotopic investigations of zirconolite and calzirtite. Chemical Geology, 277(1), 178-195.
Can Mineral February 1997 v. 35 no. 1 p. 105-118
      • Seagull Lake Area
        • Seagull Lake complex
Wilson, G., & Harper, G. (2013). Nipigon Reefs Project: A New Look at the PGE-bearing Seagull Mafic-Ultramafic Complex. Field Guide to the Copper-Nickel-Platinum Group Element Deposits of the Lake Superior Region, Precambrian Research Center Guidebook, 13-01.
  • Québec
    • Laurentides
      • Deux-Montagnes RCM
        • Oka
          • Oka complex
ZUREVINSKI, S.E. AND MITCHELL, R.H. (2004) Extreme compositional variation of pyrochlore-group minerals at the Oka carbonatite complex, Canadian Mineralogist, 42, 1159-1168.
Cape Verde
Kogarko, L. N., Sorokhtina, N. V., Zaitsev, V. A., & Senin, V. G. (2009). Rare metal mineralization of calcite carbonatites from the Cape Verde Archipelago. Geochemistry International, 47(6), 531-549.
Cuba
 
  • Holguín Province
    • Moa-Baracoa District
      • Barracanao (Baracoa)
Aiglsperger, T., Oliete, M. P., Proenza, J. A., Sola, N. P., Linares, F. G., Jiménez, J. M. G., & Saunders, J. E. PGE distribution in Fe-Ni-Cu sulfides from the Potosí mine (Eastern Cuban Ophiolites). Mineral Resources to Discover - 14th SGA Biennial Meeting 2017, Volume 2 pp 411-414
Czech Republic
 
  • Olomouc Region
    • Šumperk District
      • Ruda nad Moravou
Novák M. Gadas P. (2010) ZONED, ANORTHITE- AND GROSSULARITE-BEARING, LEUCOTONALITIC PEGMATITE FROM SERPENTINIZED LHERZOLITE AT RUDA NAD MORAVOU, STARÉ MĚSTO UNIT, CZECH REPUBLIC. Can Miner 48 (3): 629-650.; Gadas, P., Novák, M., Talla, D., & Galiová, M. V. (2013). Compositional evolution of grossular garnet from leucotonalitic pegmatite at Ruda nad Moravou, Czech Republic; a complex EMPA, LA-ICP-MS, IR and CL study. Mineralogy and Petrology, 107(2), 311-326.
  • Vysočina Region
    • Třebíč District
      • Okříšky
Houzar S.: Zinkem a baryem bohaté minerální asociace (sfalerit - Zn-spinel - hyalofán - Ba-flogopit) z mramoru u Číchova na západní Moravě (moldanubikum). Acta rerum naturalium (Jihlava), 2015, 18, 1-7.
Čopjáková,R., Houzar,S. (2008) Zirconolite in marble at Krahulov and age HT/LT metamorphism in contact aureole of the třebíč pluton (moldanubicum zone). Acta Musei Moraviae, Scientiae Geologicae, 94, 67-76 [in Czech].
Egypt
 
  • Red Sea
    • Eastern Desert
Mohamed, A. (2013). Mineral chemistry and genesis of Zr, Th, U, Nb, Pb, P, Ce and F enriched peralkaline granites of El-Sibai shear zone, central Eastern Desert, Egypt.
Finland
 
  • Lapland
    • Savukoski
      • Tulppio
Lee, M. J., Lee, J. I., Garcia, D., Moutte, J., Williams, C. T., Wall, F., & Kim, Y. (2006). Pyrochlore chemistry from the Sokli phoscorite-carbonatite complex, Finland: Implications for the genesis of phoscorite and carbonatite association. GEOCHEMICAL JOURNAL-JAPAN-, 40(1), 1.
    • Sodankylä
      • Kevitsansarvi (Keivitsansarvi)
Mutanen, T. 1997. Geology and ore petrology of the Akanvaara and Koitelainen mafic layered intrusions and the Keivitsa-Satovaara layered complex, northern Finland. Geological Survey of Finland, Bulletin 395, 233 s.
Gabon
 
  • Estuaire Province
    • Monts de Cristal complex
Maier, W. D., Rasmussen, B., Fletcher, I. R., Godel, B., Barnes, S. J., Fisher, L. A., ... & Lahaye, Y. (2015). Petrogenesis of the∼ 2· 77 Ga Monts de Cristal Complex, Gabon: Evidence for Direct Precipitation of Pt-arsenides from Basaltic Magma. Journal of Petrology, 56(7), 1285-1308.
Germany
 
  • Baden-Württemberg
Canadian Mineralogist 38:57-65
  • Rhineland-Palatinate
    • Mayen-Koblenz
      • Bell
[Zirconolite-2M] Blaß, G. & Kruijen, F. (2013): Die Mineralogischen Neuigkeiten aus der Vulkaneifel. Mineralien-Welt 24 (3), 33-41.
      • Kruft
Blass, G., Graf, H.W., Kolitsch,U., Zirkonolith (CaZrTi2O7) aus der Vulkaneifel: Nachweis drei verschiedener Polytypoide, Mineralien Welt 14/3, 352-35, 2003
      • Mayen
        • Ettringen
          • Bellerberg volcano
Blass, G., Graf, H.W., Kolitsch, U., Zirkonolith (CaZrTi2O7) aus der Vulkaneifel: Nachweis drei verschiedener Polytypoide, Mineralien-Welt 14, 352-358, 2003
      • Mendig
Blass, G., Graf, H.W., Kolitsch,U., Zirkonolith (CaZrTi2O7) aus der Vulkaneifel: Nachweis drei verschiedener Polytypoide, Mineralien Welt 14/3, 352-35, 2003
Blass, G., Graf, H.W., Kolitsch,U., Zirkonolith (CaZrTi2O7) aus der Vulkaneifel: Nachweis drei verschiedener Polytypoide, Mineralien Welt 14/3, 352-35, 2003
        • Wingertsberg
Blass, G., Graf, H.W., Kolitsch,U., Zirkonolith (CaZrTi2O7) aus der Vulkaneifel: Nachweis drei verschiedener Polytypoide, Mineralien Welt 14/3, 352-35, 2003
      • Nickenich
Blass, G., Graf, HW., Kolitsch, U., Sebold, D., Über neue Mineralfunde aus der Vulkaneifel, Mineralien-Welt 6/2005
India
 
  • Assam
    • West Karbi Anglong District
Heaman, L. M., Srivastava, R. K., & Sinha, A. K. (2002). A precise U–Pb zircon/baddeleyite age for the Jasra igneous complex, Karbi–Analong District, Assam, NE India. Current Science, 744-748. Kumar, D., Mamallan, R., & Dwivedy, K. K. (1996). Carbonatite magmatism in northeast India. Journal of Southeast Asian Earth Sciences, 13(2), 145-158. Melluso, L., Srivastava, R. K., Guarino, V., Zanetti, A., & Sinha, A. K. (2010). Mineral compositions and petrogenetic evolution of the ultramafic-alkaline–carbonatitic complex of Sung Valley, northeastern India. The Canadian Mineralogist, 48(1), 205-229. Srivastava, R. K., & Sinha, A. K. (2004). Geochemistry of Early Cretaceous alkaline ultramafic-mafic complex from Jasra, Karbi Anglong, Shillong plateau, northeastern India. Gondwana Research, 7(2), 549-561. Srivastava, R. K., & Sinha, A. K. (2007). Nd and Sr isotope systematics and geochemistry of a plume-related Early Cretaceous alkaline-mafic-ultramafic igneous complex from Jasra, Shillong Plateau, northeastern India. SPECIAL PAPERS-GEOLOGICAL SOCIETY OF AMERICA, 430, 815-830.
  • Gujarat
    • Chhota Udaipur District
Berger, V.I., Singer, D.A., and Orris, G.J. (2009): USGS Open-File Report 09-1139
Indonesia
 
  • East Nusa Tenggara Province
    • Lembata Island (Lomblen Island)
www.geo.uu.nl/Research/Petrology/hoog96.htm.
Iran
 
  • Yazd Province
    • Ardakan County
Iranmanesh, J., Rahmani, H., & Raziani, S. (2018). Geology, Mineralogy and Petrography of Rocks with Radioactive Element Mineralization in Anomaly 6 of the Khoshumi Area, Islamic Republic of Iran (No. IAEA-CN--261).
Israel
 
  • Haifa District
    • Mount Carmel
Griffin, W. L., Gain, S. E. M., Adams, D. T., Huang, J. X., Saunders, M., Toledo, V., ... & O’Reilly, S. Y. (2016). First terrestrial occurrence of tistarite (Ti2O3): Ultra-low oxygen fugacity in the upper mantle beneath Mount Carmel, Israel. Geology, 44(10), 815-818.
Italy
 
  • Campania
    • Caserta
      • Roccamonfina Volcanic Complex
        • Sessa Aurunca
-Della Ventura, G., Williams, T.C., Raudsepp, M., Bellatreccia, F., Caprilli, E., Giordano, G. (2001): Perrierite-(Ce) and zirconolite from a syenitic ejectum ofthe Roccamonfina volcano (Latium, Italy): implications for the mobility of Zr, Ti and Ree in volcanic environments, Neues Jahrbuch für Mineralogie, Monatshefte, 2001, 385-402.
    • Naples
      • Bacoli
Fedele L., Tarzia M., Belkin H.E., De Vivo B., Lima A., Lowenstern J.B. (2006): Magmatic–hydrothermal fluid interaction and mineralization in alkali-syenite nodules from the Breccia Museo pyroclastic deposit, Naples, Italy. In: De Vivo B. (ed.), Volcanism in the Campania Plain: Vesuvius, Campi Flegrei and Ignimbrites. Developments in Volcanology, vol. 9, Elsevier B.V., Amsterdam, pages 125-161.
Canadian Mineralogist 38:57-65; Mazzi, F. and Munno, R. (1983): Calciobetafite (new mineral of the pyrochlore group) and related minerals from Campi Flegrei, Italy; crystal structures of polymignite, and zirkelite: comparison with pyrochlore and zirconolite. American Mineralogist: 68: 262-276
Russo, M., Punzo, I., Blass, G., & Ciriotti, M. E. (2007). Zirconolite, albite ed epidoto: nuova e poco note specie del Somma-Vesuvio. Micro (UK report), 1/2007, 43-48.; Pascal, M.-L., Di Muro, A., Boudouma, O., Fointeilles, M., Principe, C. (2008): Zirconlite, calzirtite, baddeleyite, betafite, geikielite and qandilite in skarn ejecta from Vesuvius - inferences for the magma-wallrock interactions. EGU General Assembly 2008. Geophysical Research Abstract, 10, EGU2008-A-06674, 2008. ; Pascal, M.-L., Di Muro, A., Boudouma, O., Fointeilles, M., Principe, C. (2008): Zirconolite, calzirtite, baddeleyite, betafite, geikielite and qandilite in skarn ejecta from Vesuvius - inferences for the magma-wallrock interactions. EGU General Assembly 2008. Geophysical Research Abstract, 10, EGU2008-A-06674, 2008.
Pascal, M.L. et al. (2008): Zirconolite, Calzirtite, Baddeleyite, Betafite, Geikielite and Quandilite in skarn ejecta from Vesuvius – inferences for the magma-wallrock interactions, Geophysical Research Abstracts, Vol. 10
          • Ercolano
Russo, M., Punzo, I., Blass, G., Ciriotti, M.E. (2007): Zirconolite, albite ed epidoto: nuova e poco note specie del Somma Vesuvio. Micro, 1/2007, 43-48.
            • San Vito
Ciriotti, M.E. & Biagioni, C. (2011): Pot-pourri 2011: identificazioni di minerali di interesse. Micro, 3/2011, 125-133
  • Lazio
    • Metropolitan City of Rome Capital
Caponera, I., Fiori, S., Pucci, R., & Signoretti, E. (2007). I minerali dei Colli Albani. Un aggiornamento sugli ultimi dieci anni di ricerche. Rivista Mineralogica Italiana, 31 (2), 74-91.
      • Sacrofano Caldera
        • Campagnano di Roma
Giuseppe Illuminati Collection
    • Viterbo Province
      • Capranica
"Giorgio Bortolozzi (visual identification)"
      • Làtera volcano
Gianfranco Ciccolini Collection
No reference listed
"Giorgio Bortolozzi (visual identification)"
Signoretti, E., Carlini, R., Mattei, L. (2004): Località minori del vulcano Vicano: Pian di S. Martino, Le Carcarelle, Torre del Quercio. Il Cercapietre, 1-2, articolo 3; http://www.gminromano.it/Cercapietre/rivista04/testo/04A04.html
http://www.gminromano.it/Cercapietre/rivista04/testo/04A02.html
      • Viterbo
Bill Henderson specimens
http://www.gminromano.it/Cercapietre/rivista04/testo/04A04.html; Cámara,F., Williams,C.T., Della Ventura,G., Oberto,R. & Caprilli,E. (2004): Non-metamict betafite from Le Carcarelle (Vico volcanic complex, Italy): occurrence and crystal structure, Mineralogical Magazine, 68, 939-950
  • Piedmont
    • Verbano-Cusio-Ossola Province
      • Different Municipalities
Zaccarini, F., Meisel, T., Thalhammer, O., & Garuti, G. (2005). The Finero chromitites (Ivrea Zone, Italy): evidence for metasomatism in a mantle plume. Poster session presented at Platinum 10th International Platinum Symposium, Oulu, Finnland, .; Martin, R. F., & De Vito, C. (2005). The patterns of enrichment in felsic pegmatites ultimately depend on tectonic setting. The Canadian Mineralogist, 43(6), 2027-2048.
  • Trentino-Alto Adige
    • South Tirol
      • Vizze Valley (Pfitsch valley)
Gartner, Ar., Gartner An. (2002): Burgum im schönen Pfitschtal. Tipografia Novaprint Cavalese, 126 pp.
    • Trento Province (Trentino)
      • Giudicarie Valleys
        • Breguzzo
          • San Pietro-Breguzzo Valley
            • Malga Trivena hut
Gieré, R., Williams, C.T. (1992): REE-bearing minerals in a Ti-rich vein from the Adamello contact aureole (Italy). Contributions to Mineralogy and Petrology, 112, 83-100.
  • Tuscany
    • Grosseto Province
      • Pitigliano
AMI UK Service analysis.
[Zirconolite-3T] Nasti, V., Benvegnù, N., Fiori, S., Fratangeli, G., Mussino, A., Signoretti, E. (2006): Segnalazioni in breve. Zirconolite di Poggio Bettinello. Stoppaniite (?) di Capranica. Il Cercapietre, 1-2/2006.
Japan
 
  • Ehime Prefecture
    • Inland Sea (Setonaikai)
Nishio & Minakawa (2003) Koubutsu-Gakkai Kou'en-Youshi, 201.
Yukikazu Ogoshi, Tetsuo Minakawa (2011) Nb- Ta minerals in metasomatic skarn from Yuge Is. 2011 Joint Annual Meeting of Japan Association of Mineralogical Sciences and The Geological Society of Japan, Session ID: R1-P17
  • Iwate Prefecture
    • Miyako City
      • Kamineichi
Kato, A. & Matsubara, S. (1991): Geikielite, baddeleyite and zirconolite in dolomitic marble from the Neichi mine, Miyako City, Iwate Prefecture, Japan. Bulletin of the National Science Museum, Tokyo, Series C, 17, 11-20.
Kazakhstan
 
  • Aktobe Region
    • Yrgyz
Pavel M. Kartashov analytical data (2013)
Madagascar
 
  • Anosy
    • Amboasary Sud
      • Maromby
www.gemresearch.ch/andranon/madcon.htm.
      • Tranomaro
Seydoux-Guillaume, A-M.,Montel, J-M., Wirth, R. & Moine, B. (2009): Radiation damage in diopside and calcite crystals from uranothorianite inclusions. Chemical Geology, (2009),318-332
Mozambique
 
  • Nampula Province
Hurai, V., Huraiová, M., Gajdošová, M., Konečný, P., Slobodník, M., & Siegfried, P. R. (2018). Compositional variations of zirconolite from the Evate apatite deposit (Mozambique) as an indicator of magmatic-hydrothermal conditions during post-orogenic collapse of Gondwana. Mineralogy and Petrology, 112(3), 279-296.; Gajdošová, M., Huraiová, M., Hurai, V., & Konečný, P. (2017) In situ chemical dating of new accessory minerals from the Evate deposit in Mozambique. CAM–2017 (Conference on Accessory Minerals)
Myanmar
 
  • Mandalay Region
    • Pyin-Oo-Lwin District
Myint Myat Phyo, Guillong, M., Franz, L., Berger, A., Wang, H.A.O., Krzemnicki, M.S. (2018): A geochronological study of zircon and zirconolite observed in ruby and spinel gemstones and in marble host rock from Mogok, Myanmar. 16th Swiss Geoscience Meeting, Bern, Switzerland. SGM 2018 Abstract Book, 122-123. [https://geoscience-meeting.ch/sgm2018/wp-content/uploads/SGM_2018_Symposium_02.pdf]
        • Kyauk-Pyat-That
          • Thurein-taung
[Zirconolite-3T] Pavel M. Kartashov analytical data, Sieghard Ellenberger specimens
Namibia
 
  • Kunene Region
    • Khorixas
Bodeving, S. (2015): Petrogenesis of the Lofdal Intrusive Suite: Implications for rare earth elements mineralization. Unpublished M.Sc. thesis, McGill University, Montreal, Quebec, Canada. 202 p.
Norway
 
  • Oslo
    • Vestre Aker
      • Sørkedalen
Barth, T.F.W. (1944): Studies of the igneous rock complex of the Oslo region. II. Systematic petrography of the plutonic rocks. Det Norske Videnskaps-Akademi Skrifter. Mat,-Nat.Kl. 1944, 9, 1-104 (p.58); Neumann, H. (1985): Norges Mineraler. Norges Geologiske Undersøkelse Skrifter 68, p. 82.
  • Telemark
    • Porsgrunn
      • Langangen
Larsen, A.O. & Åsheim, A.(1976): Mineraler fra Langangen. NAGS-nytt 3(1),9-12. (in norwegian)
      • Rønningen (Skredderrønningen)
Burvald, Ingulv (1993): To forekomster av nefelin-syenitt-pegmatitt i Telemark. STEIN 20 (3), 176-179
      • Slevolden
Larsen, A. O. (ed.) (2010): The Langesundsfjord. History, geology, pegmatites, minerals. Bode Verlag Gmbh, Salzhemmendorf, Germany, 240 pp.
  • Vestfold
    • Færder
Knut Edvard Larsen collection # MM-1371
    • Larvik
      • Hedrum
[Zirconolite-3O] Svein A. Berge collection/observation 1993.
        • Lågendalen
Andersen, F. (1993): Hedrum pukkverk i Lågendalen. STEIN 20 (4), 236-238
Knut Edvard Larsen observation in field july 2009
Nordrum, F.S. (2007): Nyfunn av mineraler i Norge 2006-2007. Norsk Bergverksmuseum Skrift. 35: 61-68
      • Larvik town
Larsen, A. O. (ed.) (2010): The Langesundsfjord. History, geology, pegmatites, minerals. Bode Verlag Gmbh, Salzhemmendorf, Germany, 240 pp.
      • Malerød
Andresen, P. (2011): Mineralene fra Midtfjellet larvikittbrudd, Malerød, Larvik. Norsk Bergverksmuseum Skrift. 46: 41-47
      • Rekkevikbukta
Knut Edvard Larsen observation in field 25.10.2012
Berzelius, J. (1824): Undersökning af några Mineralier. 2. Polymignit. Kongliga Svenska Vetenskaps-akademiens Handlingar. 338-345
[MinRec 23:435]; Larsen, A. O. (ed.) (2010): The Langesundsfjord. History, geology, pegmatites, minerals. Bode Verlag Gmbh, Salzhemmendorf, Germany, 240 pp.
Brøgger, W.C. (1890): Die Mineralien der Syenitpegmatitgänge der südnorwegischen Augit-und Nephelinsyenite. Zeitschrift für Kristallographie und Mineralogie 16. 663 pp (p. 395)
Larsen, A. O. (ed.) (2010): The Langesundsfjord. History, geology, pegmatites, minerals. Bode Verlag Gmbh, Salzhemmendorf, Germany, 240 pp.
Brøgger, W. C. (1890): Die Mineralien der Syenitpegmatitgänge der südnorwegischen Augit-und Nephelinsyenite. Zeitschrift für Kristallographie und Mineral. 16,p.395
        • Rakke
Knut Edvard Larsen observation in field 20-09-2017
Knut Edvard Larsen collection # MM-2455
Nordrum, F.S. (2011): Noen nyfunn av mineraler i Norge 2010-2011. Stein. 38 (2): 14-23
Weibye, P.C. (1848): Beiträge zur topographischen Mineralogie Norwegens. Archiv für Mineralogie, Geognosie, Bergbau und Hüttenkunde 22:465-544
[Zirconolite-3O] Charles D Young photo ID: 971173
        • Håkestad
Hansen, R.(1981). Mineralnotater. NAGS-nytt 8(4),18;Haifler, J. & Škoda, R. (2012): Chemical characterisation and xrd study of zirconolite from Håkestad alkaline pegmatite, Larvik Plutonic Complex, Norway. Acta Mineralogica-Petrographica, Abstract Series, Szeged. 7,51
        • Klåstad
Larsen, A. O. (ed.) (2010): The Langesundsfjord. History, geology, pegmatites, minerals. Bode Verlag Gmbh, Salzhemmendorf, Germany, 240 pp.
Svein A. Berge collection; Larsen, K.E. & Stensvold, B.K.(2015): Berylliummineraler og andre sjeldne mineraler i syenittpegmatitter i Skallist larvikittbrudd, Tjølling, Larvik, Vestfold. Norsk Mineralsymposium 2015, 47-56
        • Stålaker
Hansen, R.(1981).Mineralnotater. NAGS-nytt 8(4),18
      • Tvedalen
        • Mørje
Larsen, A. O. (ed.) (2010): The Langesundsfjord. History, geology, pegmatites, minerals. Bode Verlag Gmbh, Salzhemmendorf, Germany, 240 pp.
MAC depository of Unpublished Data, document Larvik Plutonic complex, CM51_735 (Piilonen et al 2013)
    • Re
      • Ramnes
Andersen, F. & Berge, S. A. (1994): Himberg pukkverk, Ramnes, Vestfold. STEIN 21 (2), 96-102
    • Sandefjord
Knut Edvard Larsen collection # MM-2001 & MM-1845
      • Fokserød
Knut Edvard Larsen collection # MM-947
Berge, S.A. & Larsen,A.O.(1980): Mineraler fra Sandefjordsområdet-IV.Granater".NAGS-nytt 7(2),21-24. (in norwegian)
Berge, S.A. & Larsen, A.O.(1980): Mineraler fra Sandefjordsområdet-IV.Granater. NAGS-nytt 7(2),21-24.
Berge, S. A. & Hansen, R. (1975): Mineraler fra Sandefjord. NAGS-nytt : 3 (1): 10-12
      • Østerøya
Berge, S. A. & Andersen, F. (2002): Mineralforekomster i Sandefjordområdet. Bergverksmuseets Skrift 20, 50-59
[Zirconolite-3O] Knut Edvard Larsen collection and observation 1978
[Zirconolite-3O] Larsen, K.E. & Nordrum, F.S. (2013): Noen funn av mineraler i Norge 2012-2013. Norsk Bergverksmuseum Skrift. 50, 111-117
MAC depository of Unpublished Data, document Larvik Plutonic complex, CM51_735 (Piilonen et al 2013)
[Zirconolite-3O] MAC depository of Unpublished Data, document Larvik Plutonic complex, CM51_735 (Piilonen et al 2013)
      • Vesterøya
Berge, S. A. & Larsen, A.O.(1980): Mineraler fra Sandefjordsområdet-IV.Granater. NAGS-nytt 7 (2),21-24. (in norwegian)
Svein A. Berge collection
Berge, S.A. & Hansen, R. (1976): Mineraler i Sandefjordsområdet III-Varden. NAGS-nytt 3 (4), 13-16 (in norwegian)
Oman
 
  • Dhofar
The Meteoritical Bulletin, No. 88, 2004 JULY, Meteoritics & Planetary Science 39, Axxx–Axxx (2004)
Poland
 
  • Lower Silesian Voivodeship
    • Jelenia Góra County
Matyszczak, W. (2018). Liandratite from Karkonosze pegmatites, Sudetes, Southwestern Poland. Mineralogy and Petrology, 1-14.
Matyszczak, W. (2018). Liandratite from Karkonosze pegmatites, Sudetes, Southwestern Poland. Mineralogy and Petrology, 1-14.
      • Szklarska Poręba
Szełęg E. & Škoda R. 2008: Y, REE-rich zirconolite from the Skalna Brama pegmatite near Szklarska Poręba (Karkonosze Massif, Lower Silesia, Poland). Mineralogia - Special Papers, vol. 32, p. 159
Portugal
 
  • Azores
    • São Miguel Island
Samples collected by Luigi Chiappino and analysed by Dr. Anthony Kampf, Natural History Museum of Los Angeles County, USA; Lavarde, S., Chiappino, L., Alves, P., Astolfi, M., (2019) Les Minéraux du massif volcanique du Fogo, Ile de São Miguel, Açores, Portugal. Le Règne Mineral, 145, 30-50
      • Ribeira Grande
Chiappino, L., Kampf, A., Alves, P., Astolfi, M., and Fretti, G. (2017) Mineralien aus dem Vulkanmassiv “Água de Pau” von der Insel São Miguel, Azoren, Portugal (I). Mineralien-Welt, 28(1), 80-93 (in German).
Russia
 
  • Krasnoyarsk Krai
    • Maimecha and Kotui Rivers Basin
Kogarko, L. N., Sorokhtina, N. V., Kononkova, N. N., & Klimovich, I. V. (2013). Uranium and thorium in carbonatitic minerals from the Guli massif, Polar Siberia. Geochemistry International, 51(10), 767-776.; Malitch, K. N., Sorokhtina, N. V., Badanina, I. Y., & Kononkova, N. N. (2013) Parent sources of noble-metal placers of the Guli Massif (Polar Siberia): New mineralogical data. In Doklady Earth Sciences (Vol. 451, No. 1, p. 743). Springer Science & Business Media.
  • Murmansk Oblast
[World of Stones 95:5-6, 64]; Pekov, I. (1998) Minerals First discovered on the territory of the former Soviet Union 369p. Ocean Pictures, Moscow; Chakhmouradian A.R., Zaitsev A.N. (1999): Calcite–amphibole–clinopyroxene rock from the Afrikanda complex, Kola Peninsula, Russia: mineralogy and a possible link to carbonatites. I. Oxide minerals. - Canadian Mineralogist, Vol.37,pp. 177-198.; Wu, F. Y., Yang, Y. H., Mitchell, R. H., Bellatreccia, F., Li, Q. L., & Zhao, Z. F. (2010). In situ U–Pb and Nd–Hf–(Sr) isotopic investigations of zirconolite and calzirtite. Chemical Geology, 277(1), 178-195.
www.koeln.netsurf.de/~w.steffens/khib.htm
Menshikov, Y. P., Mikhailova, Y. A., Pakhomovsky, Y. A., Yakovenchuk, V. N., & Ivanyuk, G. Y. (2015). Minerals of zirconolite group from fenitized xenoliths in nepheline syenites of Khibiny and Lovozero plutons, Kola Peninsula. Geology of Ore Deposits, 57(7), 591-599.
Mikhailova, Y.A., Konopleva, N.G., Yakovenchuk, V.N., Ivanyuk, G.Y., Men’shikov, Y.P., and Pakhomovsky, Y.A. (2007): Geology of Ore Deposits 49(7), 590-598.
Menshikov, Y. P., Mikhailova, Y. A., Pakhomovsky, Y. A., Yakovenchuk, V. N., & Ivanyuk, G. Y. (2015). Minerals of zirconolite group from fenitized xenoliths in nepheline syenites of Khibiny and Lovozero plutons, Kola Peninsula. Geology of Ore Deposits, 57(7), 591-599.
        • East slope
European Journal of Mineralogy 19, 95-103(2007)
Menshikov, Y. P., Mikhailova, Y. A., Pakhomovsky, Y. A., Yakovenchuk, V. N., & Ivanyuk, G. Y. (2015). Minerals of zirconolite group from fenitized xenoliths in nepheline syenites of Khibiny and Lovozero plutons, Kola Peninsula. Geology of Ore Deposits, 57(7), 591-599.
Pavel M. Kartashov data
Shlyukova Z.V. (1986) Mineralogy of contact formations of Khibina massif, - Moscow, Nauka, p. 96 (in Rus.)
Menshikov, Y. P., Mikhailova, Y. A., Pakhomovsky, Y. A., Yakovenchuk, V. N., & Ivanyuk, G. Y. (2015). Minerals of zirconolite group from fenitized xenoliths in nepheline syenites of Khibiny and Lovozero plutons, Kola Peninsula. Geology of Ore Deposits, 57(7), 591-599.
    • Kolsky District
Sorokhtina, N.V., Chukanov, N.V., Voloshin, A.V., Pakhomovsky, Y.A., Bogdanova, A.N., and Moiseev, M.M. (2008): Geology of Ore Deposits 50(7), 620-628.; Kogarko, L.N. et al (1995) Alkaline Rocks and Carbonatites of the World Vol 2.
Williams, C. T. (1996). The occurrence of niobian zirconolite, pyrochlore and baddeleyite in the Kovdor carbonatite complex, Kola Peninsula, Russia. Mineralogical Magazine, 60(401), 639-646.; Subbotin, R. P. L. V. V., & Pakhomovsky, Y. A. (1998). A new type of scandium mineralization in phoscorites and carbonatites of the Kovdor massif, Russia. Canadian Mineralogist 36:971-980. ; Zaitsev, A. N., Williams, C. T., Jeffries, T. E., Strekopytov, S., Moutte, J., Ivashchenkova, O. V., ... & Borozdin, A. P. (2014). Rare earth elements in phoscorites and carbonatites of the Devonian Kola Alkaline Province, Russia: examples from Kovdor, Khibina, Vuoriyarvi and Turiy Mys complexes. Ore Geology Reviews, 61, 204-225.; Mikhailova, J. A., Kalashnikov, A. O., Sokharev, V. A., Pakhomovsky, Y. A., Konopleva, N. G., Yakovenchuk, V. N., ... & Ivanyuk, G. Y. (2016). 3D mineralogical mapping of the Kovdor phoscorite–carbonatite complex (Russia). Mineralium Deposita, 51(1), 131-149.
Mikhailova, J. A., Kalashnikov, A. O., Sokharev, V. A., Pakhomovsky, Y. A., Konopleva, N. G., Yakovenchuk, V. N., ... & Ivanyuk, G. Y. (2016). 3D mineralogical mapping of the Kovdor phoscorite–carbonatite complex (Russia). Mineralium Deposita, 51(1), 131-149.; Gregory Ivanyuk, Andrei Kalashnikov, Julia Mikhailova, Yakov Pakhomovsky, Nataly Konoplyova, Victor Yakovenchuk, Ayya Bazai (2018) 3D mineralogical mapping of the Kovdor phoscorite-carbonatite pipe. in abstracts of the 22nd IMA Meeting Melbourne p101
    • Lovozersky District
Menshikov, Y. P., Mikhailova, Y. A., Pakhomovsky, Y. A., Yakovenchuk, V. N., & Ivanyuk, G. Y. (2015). Minerals of zirconolite group from fenitized xenoliths in nepheline syenites of Khibiny and Lovozero plutons, Kola Peninsula. Geology of Ore Deposits, 57(7), 591-599.
    • Northern Karelia
www.koeln.netsurf.de/~w.steffens/vuori.htm
    • Turii Cape
www.koeln.netsurf.de/~w.steffens/tury.htm
  • Sakha Republic (Yakutia)
Pavel M. Kartashov data
  • Tuva
Doroshkevich, A. G., Veksler, I. V., Izbrodin, I. A., Ripp, G. S., Khromova, E. A., Posokhov, V. F., ... & Vladykin, N. V. (2016). Stable isotope composition of minerals in the Belaya Zima plutonic complex, Russia: Implications for the sources of the parental magma and metasomatizing fluids. Journal of Asian Earth Sciences, 116, 81-96.
  • Zabaykalsky Krai
    • Buriatia Republic (Buryatia)
Spiridonov, E. M., Ariskin, A. A., Kislov, E. V., Korotaeva, N. N., Nikolaev, G. S., Pshenitsyn, I. V., & Yapaskurt, V. O. (2018). Laurite and Ir-osmium from plagioclase lherzolite of the Yoko–Dovyren mafic–ultramafic pluton, Northern Baikal Region. Geology of Ore Deposits, 60(3), 210-219.
Slovakia
 
  • Banská Bystrica Region
    • Lučenec District
Farsang, Š., Szakáll, S., Ozdín, D., Zajzon, N., Gaál, Ľ. (2014) Minerals of volcanites of the Cerová Highlands, Slovakia. In: Fehér, B. (ed.): In the attraction of minerals. Studies in honour of the 60-year old Sándor Szakáll. Herman Ottó Múzeum & Magyar Minerofil Társaság, Miskolc, 27-43. (in Hungarian with English abstract)
South Africa
 
  • Limpopo
    • Phalaborwa
      • Loolekop
[var: Niobozirconolite] No reference listed
Spain
 
  • Andalusia
    • Málaga
      • Ojén
        • Sierra Blanca
Calvo, M. (2009). Minerales y Minas de España. Vol IV.Óxidos e hidróxidos. Escuela Técnica Superior de Ingenieros de Minas de Madrid. Fundación Gómez Pardo. 751 págs.
  • Canary Islands
    • Las Palmas Province
Ковальчук, Н. С., & Шумилова, Т. Г. (2014). Редкоземельная и циРконий-ниобиевая минеРализация в алмазсодеРжащих каРбонатитах о. ФуэРтевентуРа (испания). Вестник института геологии Коми научного центра Уральского отделения РАН, (10 (238)).
Sri Lanka
 
  • Sabaragamuwa Province
    • Ratnapura District
      • Bambarabotuwa
De Hoog, J., van Bergen, M.J. (1997): Notes on the Chemical composition of Zirconolite with Thorutite inclusions from Walaweduwa, Sri Lanka, Mineralogical Magazine, October 1997, Vol. 61, pp 721-725
Lapis 8(9), 17 (1983)
Sweden
 
  • Jönköping County
    • Jönköping
      • Gränna
http://www.vendsysselstenklub.dk/dokumenter/Norra%20Kaerr.pdf
  • Värmland County
    • Filipstad
      • Persberg ore district
Sandström, F., Lorin, T. & Strand, U. (2009): Geologi och mineralogi i Gåsgruvefältet, Filipstad. Litofilen. 26 (2): 16-38
Zakrezewski, M.a., Lustenhouwer, W.H., Nugteren, H.J. & Williams, C.T. (1992). Rare earth minerals yttrian zirconolite and allanite-(Ce) and associated minerals from Koberg Mine, Bergslagen, Sweden. Mineralogical Magazine. 56: 27-35.
  • Västernorrland County
    • Sundsvall
[Zirconolite-3O] Sandström, F., Binett, T., Wiklund, C. & Vikström, J. (2010): Alnöområdets geologi och mineralogi. Litiofilen. 27 (2) :14-42
    • Timrå
      • Tynderö
[Zirconolite-3O] Sandström, F., Binett, T., Wiklund, C. & Vikström, J. (2010): Alnöområdets geologi och mineralogi. Litiofilen. 27 (2) :14-42
Switzerland
 
  • Grisons
Canadian Mineralogist 38:57-65
UK
 
  • Scotland
    • Argyll and Bute
www.abdn.ac.uk/geology/profiles/analysis/probe.htm.
USA
 
  • Massachusetts
    • Essex Co.
Gleba, 1978. Massachusetts Mineral & Fossil Localities
Januzzi, R.E. and Seaman, David M. (1976) Mineral Localities Of Connecticut and Southern New York State and Pegmatite Minerals of the World.
  • New Mexico
    • Union Co.
Hunt, W. F., Schwartz, J. M. & McCallum, I. S. (2005) Comparative study of equilibrated and unequilibrated eucrites: Subsolidus thermal histories of Haraiya and Pasamonte. The American Mineralogist 90 (11): 1871-1886.
The Moon
 
  • Mare Crisium
Pavel M. Kartashov analytical data (2013)
  • Mare Fecunditatis
A.V. Mokhov and P.M. Kartashov data; Gornostaeva, T. A., Kartashov, P. M., Mokhov, A. V., & Bogatikov, O. A. (2012, June). Native rhodium-bearing ferroplatinum in a lunar regolith sample from the Mare Fecunditatis. In Doklady Earth Sciences (Vol. 444, No. 2, pp. 770-772). MAIK Nauka/Interperiodica.
  • Taurus-Littrow Valley
Meyer, H. O. A., & Boctor, N. Z. (1974). Opaque mineralogy-Apollo 17, rock 75035. In Lunar and Planetary Science Conference Proceedings (Vol. 5, pp. 707-716).
 
矿物 and/or 产地  
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