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Zapatalite

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About ZapataliteHide

01988690014948843122456.jpg
General Emiliano Zapata
Formula:
Cu3Al4(PO4)3(OH)9 · 4H2O
Colour:
Pale blue to turquoise blue
Lustre:
Dull
Hardness:
Specific Gravity:
3.016
Crystal System:
Tetragonal
Name:
Named after Emiliano Zapata (1879-1919), peasant hero of the Mexican revolution. He was the Mexican rebel leader who stated that "It is better to die on your feet than to live on your knees." He was a former sharecropper who organised and led peasants during the battles of the Mexican Revolution.
This page provides mineralogical data about Zapatalite.


Classification of ZapataliteHide

Approved
Approval Year:
1971
8.DE.20

8 : PHOSPHATES, ARSENATES, VANADATES
D : Phosphates, etc. with additional anions, with H2O
E : With only medium-sized cations, (OH, etc.):RO4 = 3:1
42.5.3.1

42 : HYDRATED PHOSPHATES, ETC.CONTAINING HYDROXYL OR HALOGEN
5 : (AB)7(XO4)3Zq·xH2O
19.2.7

19 : Phosphates
2 : Phosphates of Cu

Pronounciation of ZapataliteHide

Pronounciation:
PlayRecorded byCountry
Jolyon & Katya RalphUnited Kingdom

Physical Properties of ZapataliteHide

Transparency:
Translucent
Colour:
Pale blue to turquoise blue
Streak:
Pale blue
Hardness:
1½ on Mohs scale
Tenacity:
Sectile
Cleavage:
Distinct/Good
Good on {001}
Density:
3.016(26) g/cm3 (Measured)    3.017 g/cm3 (Calculated)

Optical Data of ZapataliteHide

Type:
Uniaxial (-)
RI values:
nω = 1.646 nε = 1.635
Max Birefringence:
δ = 0.011
Image shows birefringence interference colour range (at 30µm thickness)
and does not take into account mineral colouration.
Surface Relief:
Moderate
Pleochroism:
Weak
Comments:
In shades of pale green
Comments:
May be biaxial

Chemical Properties of ZapataliteHide

Formula:
Cu3Al4(PO4)3(OH)9 · 4H2O

Crystallography of ZapataliteHide

Crystal System:
Tetragonal
Cell Parameters:
a = 15.223 Å, c = 11.518 Å
Ratio:
a:c = 1 : 0.757
Unit Cell V:
2,669.18 ų (Calculated from Unit Cell)
Z:
6
Morphology:
Massive, botryoidal crusts.

X-Ray Powder DiffractionHide

Powder Diffraction Data:
d-spacingIntensity
11.60 Å(99)
7.617 Å(100)
6.817 Å(69)
5.754 Å(73)
4.584 Å(44)
3.042 Å(48)
2.531 Å(45)

Geological EnvironmentHide

Geological Setting:
Oxidised zone of hydrothermal deposits.

Type Occurrence of ZapataliteHide

Place of Conservation of Type Material:
Smithsonian Institution, Washington D.C., USA

Synonyms of ZapataliteHide

Other Language Names for ZapataliteHide

German:Zapatalit
Spanish:Zapatalita

Common AssociatesHide

ChrysocollaCu2-xAlx(H2-xSi2O5)(OH)4 · nH2O
PseudomalachiteCu5(PO4)2(OH)4
Associated Minerals Based on Photo Data:
8 photos of Zapatalite associated with QuartzSiO2
6 photos of Zapatalite associated with PseudomalachiteCu5(PO4)2(OH)4
6 photos of Zapatalite associated with LibetheniteCu2(PO4)(OH)
5 photos of Zapatalite associated with OrdoñeziteZnSb2O6
4 photos of Zapatalite associated with ChenevixiteCu2Fe3+2(AsO4)2(OH)4
2 photos of Zapatalite associated with MalachiteCu2(CO3)(OH)2
2 photos of Zapatalite associated with ReichenbachiteCu5(PO4)2(OH)4
1 photo of Zapatalite associated with CacoxeniteFe3+24AlO6(PO4)17(OH)12 · 75H2O
1 photo of Zapatalite associated with RashleighiteCu(Al,Fe)6(PO4)4(OH)8 · 5H2O
1 photo of Zapatalite associated with PlaneriteAl6(PO4)2(HPO4)2(OH)8 · 4 H2O

Related Minerals - Nickel-Strunz GroupingHide

8.DE.05SenegaliteAl2(PO4)(OH)(OH)2 · H2OOrth. mm2
8.DE.10FluelliteAl2(PO4)F2(OH) · 7H2OOrth. mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m) : Fddd
8.DE.15BulachiteAl2(AsO4)(OH)3 · 3H2OOrth.
8.DE.25CeruleiteCu2Al7(AsO4)4(OH)13 · 11.5H2OTric.
8.DE.35AldermaniteMg5Al12(PO4)8(OH)22 · 32H2OOrth.
8.DE.40Juanitaite(Cu,Ca,Fe)10Bi(AsO4)4(OH)11 · 2H2OTet. 4/mmm (4/m 2/m 2/m) : P42/nnm
8.DE.45IangreyiteCa2Al7(PO4)2(PO3OH)2(OH,F)15 · 8H2OTrig. 3 2 : P3 2 1

Related Minerals - Hey's Chemical Index of Minerals GroupingHide

19.2.1LibetheniteCu2(PO4)(OH)Orth. mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m) : Pnnm
19.2.2CornetiteCu3(PO4)(OH)3Orth. mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m) : Pbca
19.2.3ReichenbachiteCu5(PO4)2(OH)4Mon. 2/m
19.2.4LudjibaiteCu5(PO4)2(OH)4Tric. 1 : P1
19.2.5PseudomalachiteCu5(PO4)2(OH)4Mon. 2/m : P21/b
19.2.6NissoniteCu2Mg2(PO4)2(OH)2 · 5H2OMon.
19.2.8TurquoiseCu(Al,Fe3+)6(PO4)4(OH)8 · 4H2OTric. 1 : P1
19.2.9SieleckiiteCu3Al4(PO4)2(OH)12 · 2H2OMon. 2/m : B2/m
19.2.10PlaneriteAl6(PO4)2(HPO4)2(OH)8 · 4 H2OTric. 1 : P1
19.2.11HentscheliteCuFe3+2(PO4)2(OH)2Mon.
19.2.13ChalcosideriteCuFe3+6(PO4)4(OH)8 · 4H2OTric. 1 : P1
19.2.14Phosphofibrite(H2O,K)3.5Fe8(PO4)6(OH)7 · 5H2OMon. 2/m

Other InformationHide

Health Risks:
No information on health risks for this material has been entered into the database. You should always treat mineral specimens with care.

References for ZapataliteHide

Reference List:
Sort by Year (asc) | by Year (desc) | by Author (A-Z) | by Author (Z-A)
Williams, S. A. (1972) Zapatalite, a new mineral from Sonora, Mexico. Mineralogical Magazine: 38: 541-544.
American Mineralogist (1972): 57: 1911-1912.

Internet Links for ZapataliteHide

Localities for ZapataliteHide

This map shows a selection of localities that have latitude and longitude coordinates recorded. Click on the symbol to view information about a locality. The symbol next to localities in the list can be used to jump to that position on the map.

Locality ListHide

- This locality has map coordinates listed. - This locality has estimated coordinates. ⓘ - Click for further information on this occurrence. ? - Indicates mineral may be doubtful at this locality. - Good crystals or important locality for species. - World class for species or very significant. (TL) - Type Locality for a valid mineral species. (FRL) - First Recorded Locality for everything else (eg varieties). Struck out - Mineral was erroneously reported from this locality. Faded * - Never found at this locality but inferred to have existed at some point in the past (eg from pseudomorphs.)

All localities listed without proper references should be considered as questionable.
Australia
 
  • South Australia
    • Flinders Ranges
      • South Flinders Ranges
        • Wilmington
P. Elliott & U. Kolitsch (X-ray powder diffraction + SEM-EDS)
Austria
 
  • Tyrol
    • Kufstein District
Lapis 19(7/8):13-78 (1994)
Mexico
 
  • San Luis Potosí
    • Rioverde Municipality
Planer-Friedrich, B. (2000). Hydrogeological and hydrochemical investigations in the Rio Verde Basin, Mexico. Freiberg Online Geoscience, 3, 1-145.
  • Sonora
    • Naco Municipality
      • Cerro Morita
[Min Mag 38 (1972), 541; Am. Min., 57, 1911-1912 (1972) ; MinRec 5:40]
Portugal
 
  • Évora
    • Vila Viçosa
      • Conceição
Rewitzer, C. & Marques de Sá, J.P. (1998): Die Miguel Vacas Mine: Eine Kupferlagerstätte im Süden Portugals. Lapis 23(5), 13-23 Handbook of Mineralogy
USA
 
  • Nevada
    • Elko Co.
      • Snowstorm Mountains Mining District
Photos in mindat galleries. Material collected 2007 by Jim McGlasson.
    • Lander Co.
NBMG Spec Pub 31 Minerals of Nevada
 
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