登录注册
主页关于 MindatMindat手册Mindat的历史版权Who We Are联系我们于 Mindat.org刊登广告
捐赠给 MindatCorporate Sponsorship赞助板页已赞助的板页在 Mindat刊登 广告的广告商于 Mindat.org刊登广告
Learning CenterWhat is a mineral?The most common minerals on earthInformation for EducatorsMindat ArticlesThe Elements书籍及杂志
搜索矿物的性质搜索矿物的化学Advanced Locality Search随意显示任何一 种矿物Random Locality使用minID搜索邻近产地Search Articles搜索词汇表更多搜索选项
搜索:
矿物名称:
地区产地名称:
关键字:
 
Mindat手册添加新照片Rate Photos产区编辑报告Coordinate Completion Report添加词汇表项目
Mining Companies统计会员列表Mineral Museums矿物展及活动The Mindat目录表设备设置
照片搜索Photo Galleries今天最新的照片昨天最新的照片用户照片相集过去每日精选照片相集Mineral Photography

Yarrowite

This page is currently not sponsored. Click here to sponsor this page.
Hide all sections | Show all sections

About YarrowiteHide

Formula:
Cu9S8
"Extended" formula is Cu+20Cu2+7(S2)7S10 (Goble, 1985).
Colour:
Bluish-grey, black
Lustre:
Metallic
Hardness:
Crystal System:
Trigonal
Name:
Named after its discovery locality, Yarrow Creek and Spionkop Creek Valley, Alberta, Canada.
Chalcocite-Yarrowite Series.

See also the closely related spionkopite.


Classification of YarrowiteHide

Approved
Approval Year:
1978
2.CA.05d

2 : SULFIDES and SULFOSALTS (sulfides, selenides, tellurides; arsenides, antimonides, bismuthides; sulfarsenites, sulfantimonites, sulfbismuthites, etc.)
C : Metal Sulfides, M: S = 1: 1 (and similar)
A : With Cu
2.7.3.1

2 : SULFIDES
7 : AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 9:8
3.1.12

3 : Sulphides, Selenides, Tellurides, Arsenides and Bismuthides (except the arsenides, antimonides and bismuthides of Cu, Ag and Au, which are included in Section 1)
1 : Sulphides etc. of Cu

Physical Properties of YarrowiteHide

Metallic
Transparency:
Opaque
Colour:
Bluish-grey, black
Hardness:
2½ on Mohs scale

Chemical Properties of YarrowiteHide

Formula:
Cu9S8

"Extended" formula is Cu+20Cu2+7(S2)7S10 (Goble, 1985).
Common Impurities:
Fe,Ag

Crystallography of YarrowiteHide

Crystal System:
Trigonal
Cell Parameters:
a = 3.8 Å, c = 67.26 Å
Ratio:
a:c = 1 : 17.7
Unit Cell V:
841.11 ų (Calculated from Unit Cell)

Type Occurrence of YarrowiteHide

Synonyms of YarrowiteHide

Other Language Names for YarrowiteHide

German:Yarrowit
Simplified Chinese:雅硫铜矿
Spanish:Yarrowita

Relationship of Yarrowite to other SpeciesHide

Other Members of this group:
ChalcociteCu2SMon. 2/m : P21/b
DigeniteCu9S5Trig. 3m (3 2/m) : R3m
DjurleiteCu31S16Mon. 2/m
RoxbyiteCu9S5Tric. 1 : P1
Forms a series with:

Common AssociatesHide

Associated Minerals Based on Photo Data:
8 photos of Yarrowite associated with QuartzSiO2
6 photos of Yarrowite associated with DjurleiteCu31S16
5 photos of Yarrowite associated with SpionkopiteCu39S28
4 photos of Yarrowite associated with ChalcociteCu2S
2 photos of Yarrowite associated with WooldridgeiteNa2CaCu2+2(P2O7)2 · 10H2O
2 photos of Yarrowite associated with CalciteCaCO3
2 photos of Yarrowite associated with HematiteFe2O3
1 photo of Yarrowite associated with RoxbyiteCu9S5

Related Minerals - Nickel-Strunz GroupingHide

2.CA.05aCovelliteCuSHex. 6/mmm (6/m 2/m 2/m) : P63/mmc
2.CA.05bKlockmanniteCuSeHex. 6/mmm (6/m 2/m 2/m) : P63/mmc
2.CA.05cSpionkopiteCu39S28Trig.
2.CA.10NukundamiteCu3.33Fe0.66S4Trig. 3m (3 2/m) : P3m1
2.CA.15CalvertiteCu5Ge0.5S4Iso. 4 3m : F4 3m

Related Minerals - Hey's Chemical Index of Minerals GroupingHide

3.1.1ChalcociteCu2SMon. 2/m : P21/b
3.1.2DjurleiteCu31S16Mon. 2/m
3.1.3DigeniteCu9S5Trig. 3m (3 2/m) : R3m
3.1.4AniliteCu7S4Orth. mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m) : Pnma
3.1.5RoxbyiteCu9S5Tric. 1 : P1
3.1.6SpionkopiteCu39S28Trig.
3.1.7GeeriteCu8S5Trig. 3
3.1.8CovelliteCuSHex. 6/mmm (6/m 2/m 2/m) : P63/mmc
3.1.9BerzelianiteCu2SeIso. m3m (4/m 3 2/m) : Fm3m
3.1.10BellidoiteCu2SeTet. 4/m : P42/n
3.1.11UmangiteCu3Se2Tet.
3.1.13AthabascaiteCu5Se4Orth.
3.1.14KlockmanniteCuSeHex. 6/mmm (6/m 2/m 2/m) : P63/mmc
3.1.15Krut'aiteCuSe2Iso. m3 (2/m 3) : Pa3
3.1.16WeissiteCu2-xTeHex.
3.1.17RickarditeCu7Te5Orth.
3.1.18VulcaniteCuTeOrth.
3.1.19BambollaiteCu(Se,Te)2Tet.
3.1.20LautiteCuAsSOrth. mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m) : Pnma
3.1.21MgriiteCu3AsSe3
3.1.22CubaniteCuFe2S3Orth. mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m)
3.1.23BorniteCu5FeS4Orth. mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m) : Pbca
3.1.24FukuchiliteCu3FeS8Iso. m3 (2/m 3) : Pa3
3.1.25ChalcopyriteCuFeS2Tet. 4 2m : I4 2d
3.1.26MooihoekiteCu9Fe9S16Tet.
3.1.27HaycockiteCu4Fe5S8Orth. 2 2 2
3.1.28IsocubaniteCuFe2S3Iso. m3m (4/m 3 2/m) : Fm3m
3.1.29IdaiteCu5FeS6Hex.
3.1.30NukundamiteCu3.33Fe0.66S4Trig. 3m (3 2/m) : P3m1
3.1.31PutoraniteCu1.1Fe1.2S2Iso.
3.1.32Orickite2CuFeS2 · H2OHex.
3.1.33EskeborniteCuFeSe2Tet.
3.1.34Chaméanite(Cu,Fe)4As(Se,S)4Iso.
3.1.35TalnakhiteCu9(Fe,Ni)8S16Iso. 4 3m : I4 3m

Other InformationHide

Health Risks:
No information on health risks for this material has been entered into the database. You should always treat mineral specimens with care.

References for YarrowiteHide

Reference List:
Sort by Year (asc) | by Year (desc) | by Author (A-Z) | by Author (Z-A)
Goble, R.J. (1980): Copper sulfides from Alberta: yarrowite Cu9S8 and spionkopite Cu39S28. Canadian Mineralogist 18, 511-518. [Abstracted in: American Mineralogist (1981): 1279]
Goble, R.J. (1985): The relationship between crystal structure, bonding and cell dimensions in the copper sulfides. Canadian Mineralogist, 23, 61-76.

Internet Links for YarrowiteHide

Localities for YarrowiteHide

This map shows a selection of localities that have latitude and longitude coordinates recorded. Click on the symbol to view information about a locality. The symbol next to localities in the list can be used to jump to that position on the map.

Locality ListHide

- This locality has map coordinates listed. - This locality has estimated coordinates. ⓘ - Click for further information on this occurrence. ? - Indicates mineral may be doubtful at this locality. - Good crystals or important locality for species. - World class for species or very significant. (TL) - Type Locality for a valid mineral species. (FRL) - First Recorded Locality for everything else (eg varieties). Struck out - Mineral was erroneously reported from this locality. Faded * - Never found at this locality but inferred to have existed at some point in the past (eg from pseudomorphs.)

All localities listed without proper references should be considered as questionable.
Atlantic Ocean
 
  • Mid-Atlantic Ridge complex
    • Ashadze hydrothermal area
Firstova, A., Stepanova, T., Cherkashov, G., Goncharov, A., & Babaeva, S. (2016). Composition and formation of gabbro-peridotite hosted seafloor massive sulfide deposits from the Ashadze-1 hydrothermal field, Mid-Atlantic Ridge. Minerals, 6(1), 19.
Gablina, I.F., Semkova, T.A., Stepanova, T.V., and Gor'kova, N.V. (2006): Lithology and Mineral Resources 41(1), 27-44.
    • Rainbow Massif
New Data on Minerals (2004): 39: 99-105
Vlasov E.A., Pertsev A.N., Kotova M.S., Beltenev V.E. (2010) Ore-hosting metasomatic rocks of hydrothermal fields in the ore cluster «Semenov» region (Mid-Atlantic ridge, 13°31'). Abstracts of XXVII International conference School «Geochemistry of Alkaline rocks». – Moscow-Koktebel’. pp. 240 pp.
Firstova, A., Stepanova, T., Sukhanova, A., Cherkashov, G., & Poroshina, I. (2019). Au and Te Minerals in Seafloor Massive Sulphides from Semyenov-2 Hydrothermal Field, Mid-Atlantic Ridge. Minerals, 9(5), 294.
Australia
 
  • New South Wales
    • Robinson Co.
      • Cobar
Leverett, P., McKinnon, A. R., & Williams, P. A. (2005). Supergene geochemistry of the Endeavor ore body, Cobar, NSW, and relationships to other deposits in the Cobar basin. Regolith 2005–Ten Years of CRC LEME, 191-194.
  • Queensland
    • Mount Isa City Shire
      • Gunpowder District
        • Mount Gordon
Richardson, S.M. and Day, A.D. (1997) Geology of the Esperanza copper deposit. Proceedings of the 3rd International Mining Geology Conference, Launceston. pg. 51-56
Austria
 
  • Styria
    • Graz
Bojar, H.-P. & Postl, W. (1999)
- Bojar, H.P., Postl, W. (1999): 1192. Ein Silber-Gold-Amalgam, ged.Gold(?), ged.Kupfer, Cuprit, Djurleit, Yarrowit, Spionkopit, Azurit(?) und Quarz aus dem Grazer Schloßberg, Graz, Steiermark. In: Niedermayr et al.(1999): Neue Mineralfunde aus Österreich XLVIII.- Carinthia II, 189/109, p.230-231.
    • Murtal District
      • Knittelfeld
        • Flatschach
Raith, J. G., Leitner, T., & Paar, W. H. (2015). Orogenic-type copper-gold-arsenic-(bismuth) mineralization at Flatschach (Eastern Alps), Austria. Mineralogy and Petrology, 109(5), 531-553.
    • Voitsberg District
      • Krems
Moser & Postl (1990); Exel (1993)
Belgium
 
  • Wallonia
    • Luxembourg
Hatert, F., Baijot, M., & Dal Bo, F. (2014). Occurrence of tellurides in the Stavelot Massif, Belgium. 21 st meeting of the International Mineralogical Association. p 131
Canada
 
  • Alberta
    • Yarrow Creek-Spionkop Creek deposit
Anthony, Bideaux, Bladh, Nichols: "Handbook of Mineralogy", Vol. 1, 1990
GOBLE, R.J. (1980): Copper sulfides from Alberta: yarrowite Cu9S8 and spionkopite Cu39S28. Canadian Mineralogist 18, 511-518. GOBLE, R.J. (1985): The relationship between crystal structure, bonding and cell dimensions in the copper sulfides. Canadian Mineralogist 23, 61-76.
  • New Brunswick
    • Charlotte Co.
      • Saint George Parish
Sabina, A.P. (2015) Bay of Fundy, New Brunswick and Nova Scotia; South Shore, Nova Scotia. Geological Survey of Canada Popular Geoscience 97.
Sabina, A.P. (2015) Rocks and minerals for the collector: Bay of Fundy, New Brunswick and Nova Scotia; South Shore, Nova Scotia. Geological Survey of Canada, Popular Geoscience 97: 456 pages.
    • Kings Co.
      • Springfield Parish
Sabina, A.P. (2015) Rocks and minerals for the collector: Bay of Fundy, New Brunswick and Nova Scotia; South Shore, Nova Scotia. Geological Survey of Canada, Popular Geoscience 97: 456 pages.
      • Studholm Parish
Sabina, A.P. (2015) Bay of Fundy, New Brunswick and Nova Scotia; South Shore, Nova Scotia. Geological Survey of Canada, Popular Geoscience 97.
  • Northwest Territories
    • Mazenod Lake District
      • Diane Lake
Anthony, Bideaux, Bladh, Nichols: "Handbook of Mineralogy", Vol. 1, 1990
  • Nova Scotia
    • Cumberland Co.
Sabina, A.P. (2015) Rocks and minerals for the collector: Bay of Fundy, New Brunswick and Nova Scotia; South Shore, Nova Scotia. Geological Survey of Canada, Popular Geoscience 97: 456 pages, doi:10.4095/293933.
      • Parrsboro
Sabina, A.P. (2015) Rocks and minerals for the collector: Bay of Fundy, New Brunswick and Nova Scotia; South Shore, Nova Scotia. Geological Survey of Canada, Popular Geoscience 97: 456 pages.
    • Lunenburg Co.
      • New Ross
Sabina, A.P. (2015) Rocks and minerals for the collector: Bay of Fundy, New Brunswick and Nova Scotia; South Shore, Nova Scotia. Geological Survey of Canada, Popular Geoscience 97: 456 pages, doi:10.4095/293933.
  • Ontario
    • Algoma District
      • Plummer Additional Township
        • Bruce Mines
Sabina, Ann P., GSC Miscellaneous Report 49, page 49, Bruce Mines Copper Mines
    • Rainy River District
      • Little Turtle Lake Area
Ann P.Sabina (1991), Rocks and Minerals for the Collector, Sudbury to Winnipeg. GSC Misc. Report 49. p.159
China
 
  • Fujian
    • Longyan
      • Shanghang Co.
        • Zijinshan ore field
Yu Liu, Wenyuan Liu, and Shaohuai Wang (2011): Mineral Deposits 30(4), 735-741; Huang, H., Wang, S., & Chi, C. (2014). Identification of the complete Cu–S series minerals from the Zijinshan Cu–Au deposit, Fujian Province. Geol. J. China Univ., 20, 50-57.
Czech Republic
 
  • Ústí nad Labem Region
    • Klášterec nad Ohří
- Hyrsl, J. & Korbel, P. (2009): Tschechien & Slowakei, Mineralien und Fundstellen. Page 71.
Dominican Republic
 
  • Monseñor Nouel Province
    • Maimón
Torró, L., Proenza, J. A., Melgarejo, J. C., Alfonso, P., de Pablo, J. F., Colomer, J. M., ... & Chávez, C. (2016). Mineralogy, geochemistry and sulfur isotope characterization of Cerro de Maimón (Dominican Republic), San Fernando and Antonio (Cuba) Lower Cretaceous VMS deposits: formation during subduction initiation of the Proto-Caribbean lithosphere within a fore-arc. Ore Geology Reviews, 72, 794-817.
DR Congo
 
  • Lualaba
    • Kolwezi mining district
      • Kolwezi
Canadian Mineralogist 46,19-31(2008); Wilson, W. E. (2018) The Musonoi mine, Kolwezi District, Lualaba Province, Democratic Republic of the Congo. Mineralogical Record 49:236-304
Germany
 
  • Baden-Württemberg
    • Freiburg
      • Ortenaukreis
        • Oberwolfach
Walenta, K. (1992): Die Mineralien des Schwarzwaldes. Chr. Weise Verlag, München, 336 pp. (in German)
      • Rottweil
        • Schenkenzell
          • Wittichen
            • Böckelsbach valley
K. Walenta: "Die Mineralien des Schwarzwaldes", Weise (Munich), 1992
            • Burgfelsen
No reference listed
            • Gallenbach valley
K. Walenta: "Die Mineralien des Schwarzwaldes", Weise (Munich), 1992
            • Heubach Valley
No reference listed
      • Waldshut
        • St Blasien
          • Menzenschwand
Walenta: "Die Mineralien des Schwarzwaldes", Weise (Munich), 1992
          • Urberg
Walenta: "Die Mineralien des Schwarzwaldes", Weise (Munich), 1992
    • Karlsruhe
      • Calw
        • Calw
Walenta, K. (1992): "Die Mineralien des Schwarzwaldes", Weise (Munich).
K. Walenta: "Die Mineralien des Schwarzwaldes", Weise (Munich), 1992
      • Pforzheim
        • Würm
K. Walenta: "Die Mineralien des Schwarzwaldes", Weise (Munich), 1992
  • Bavaria
    • Lower Franconia
      • Aschaffenburg
        • Schöllkrippen
          • Großkahl
A. Wittern: "Mineralfundorte in Deutschland", Schweizerbart (Stuttgart), 2001
        • Westerngrund
          • Huckelheim
Schmitt, R. T. (1993): "Sulfide und Arsenide aus den Gruben Segen Gottes bei Huckelheim und Hilfe Gottes bei Großkahl im Spessart", Der Aufschluss 44, 111-122. (in German)
  • Lower Saxony
    • Goslar
      • Clausthal-Zellerfeld
        • Oberschulenberg
Lapis, 11 (1), 9-18+42
  • Rhineland-Palatinate
    • Birkenfeld
      • Fischbach
Scheiderhöhn & Kautzsch 1936, research R. Lang, 1994-1998
      • Sonnenberg-Winnenberg
Roger Lang analyses/research 1994-1998
  • Saxony-Anhalt
Wittern: "Mineralfundorte in Deutschland", 2001
  • Saxony
    • Görlitz District
      • Niesky
        • Horscha
Witzke, T. & Giesler, T. (2007): Der Schieferabbau Pansberg bei Horscha in der Lausitz, Sachsen. Lapis 32 (7-8), 68-73; 86.
India
 
  • Madhya Pradesh
    • Jabalpur division
      • Balaghat District
        • Baihar Tehsil
          • Padritola
Sikka, D. B., Petruk, W., Nehru, C. E., & Zhang, Z. (1991). Geochemistry of secondary copper minerals from Proterozoic porphyry copper deposit, Malanjkhand, India. Ore Geology Reviews, 6(2-3), 257-290.
Indonesia
 
  • West Java Province
    • Bogor Regency
The Canadian Mineralogist Vol. 41, pp. 185-200 (2003)
Iran
 
  • Yazd Province
    • Ardakan County
      • Ardakan (Ardekan)
http://www.fos.ut.ac.ir/~journal/G.80.1E_2.htm; Shekarifard, A., Rahimpour, B. H., & Rouh, S. J. (2004) Alteration of sulfide minerals in the Ardakan barite-chalcopyrite ore deposits. Iranian Journal of Crystallography and Mineralogy. Vol. 12, No. 2, 1383/2004 Fall & Winter
Ireland
 
  • Munster
    • Co. Kerry
      • Killarney
        • Lough Leane
Ixer, R.A. 2004. Catalogue of Petrographic Descriptions for Rock and Ore Samples, Ross Island Mine. In: O'Brien, W. ed. Ross Island - Mining, Metal and Society in Early Ireland. Bronze Age Studies 6, Department of Archaeology, National University of Ireland, Galway, 768pp.
Italy
 
  • Lombardy
    • Sondrio Province
      • Valtellina
        • Masino Valley
AA. VV., 1996. Collezionare minerali. Hobby & Work.
Japan
 
  • Fukushima
    • Iwaki City
Matsubara et al (2002) Journal of Mineralogical and Petrological Sciences, 97, 177-184.
  • Iwate
    • Shimohei District
      • Tanohata-mura
Matsubara, S. et al (2002) Journal of Mineralogical and Petrological Sciences, 97, 177-184.; Matsubara, S., Miyawaki, R., Kurosawa, M., & Suzuki, Y. (2002). Potassicleakeite, a New Amphibole from the Tanohata Mine, Iwate Prefecture, Japan. Journal of mineralogical and petrological sciences, 97(4), 177-184.
Papua New Guinea
 
  • Central Province
    • Astrolabe mineral field
Noku, S.K., Espi, J.O., Matsueda, H. (2012) Magmatic contributions to the mineralization of the Laloki and Federal Flag strata-bound massive sulfide deposits, Papua New Guinea: Sulfur isotope evidence. Paper presented at PNG Research, Science and Technology Conference, Pacific Adventist University, Port Moresby, Papua New Guinea.
Poland
 
  • Lower Silesian Voivodeship
Piestrzyński, A., & Pieczonka, J. (2012). Low temperature ore minerals associations in the Kupferschiefer type deposit, Lubin–Sieroszowice mining district, SW Poland. Мінералогічний збірник, (2), 59-66.
    • Lubin Co.
Kucha H. 2007: Mineralogia kruszcowa i geochemia ciała rudnego złoża Lubin-Sieroszowice. Biuletyn PIG, vol. 423, pp. 77-94
Russia
 
  • Tuva
Palyanova, G. A., Murzin, V. V., Zhuravkova, T. V., & Varlamov, D. A. (2018). Au-Cu-Ag mineralization in rodingites and nephritoids of the Agardag ultramafic massif (southern Tuva, Russia). Russian Geology and Geophysics, 59(3), 238-256.
Spain
 
  • Catalonia
    • Lleida (Lérida)
      • El Pallars Jussà
        • La Vall Fosca
          • La Torre de Cabdella (La Torre de Capdella)
            • Castell-estaó
Castillo-Oliver, M.; Melgarejo, J.C.; Torró, L.; Villanova-de-Benavent, C.; Campeny, M.; Díaz-Acha, Y.; Amores-Casals, S.; Xu, J.; Proenza, J.; Tauler, E. Sandstone-Hosted Uranium Deposits as a Possible Source for Critical Elements: The Eureka Mine Case, Castell-Estaó, Catalonia. Minerals 2020, 10, 34.
Switzerland
 
  • Valais
    • Anniviers Valley
      • Saint-Luc
Stalder, H. A., Wagner, A., Graeser, S. and Stuker, P. (1998): Mineralienlexikon der Schweiz. Wepf (Basel), p. 109.; Ansermet, S. (2012): Mines et minéraux du Valais - II. Anniviers et Tourtemagne. With contributions by N. Meisser, Ed. Porte-plumes (Ayer)
Turkey
 
  • Gümüşhane Province
Beih. z. Eur. J. Mineral 18 (2006) 28
UK
 
  • England
    • Cumbria
      • Allerdale
        • Caldbeck
Journal of The Russell Society, Volume 9, 2006
    • Leicestershire
      • Hinckley and Bosworth
        • Stanton under Bardon
          • Cliffe Hill Quarry
UKJMM 26:43-51
    • North Somerset
      • Clevedon
Ixer, R. A., Pattrick, R. A., & Starkey, R. E. (1993) Lead-Zinc-Copper-Arsenic-Baryte Mineralization from Clevedon, near Bristol, England. Journal of the Russell Society, 5(1), 23-30.
    • Somerset
      • Sedgemoor
        • Cannington
Anthony, Bideaux, Bladh, Nichols: "Handbook of Mineralogy", Vol. 1, 1990
    • Warwickshire
      • Nuneaton and Bedworth
UKJMM 26:43-51
  • Scotland
    • Highland
      • Loch Kishorn
Faithfull, J., Young, B., Starkey, R.E. (2012) Copper mineralisation at Rassal, Kishorn, Highland Region. Journal of the Russell Society, Vol. 15, pg. 49-58.
  • Wales
    • Powys
      • Old Radnor
        • Wethel
Cotterell TF et al (2011) The mineralogy of Dolyhir quarry, Old Radnor. Powys, Wales. UKJMM 32:5-61
USA
 
  • Arizona
    • Cochise County
[MinRec 24:421]
Anthony, J.W., et al (1995), Mineralogy of Arizona, 3rd.ed.: 428; Graeme, R. (1993), Bisbee revisited, Min.Rec.: 24: 421-436.
Rob Bowell, lab tested
Robert Bowell and Rolf Luetcke
  • California
    • San Bernardino Co.
      • Ivanpah Mining District
        • Ivanpah Mts
          • Kessler Peak
Ronald Wynn Sheets, James R. Craig, Robert J. Bodnar (1995) Composition And Occurrence Of Electrum At The Morning Star Deposit, San Bernardino County, California: Evidence For Remobilization Of Gold And Silver. Canadian Mineralogist 33:137-151
  • Minnesota
    • St. Louis Co.
      • Western Margin Duluth Complex
Raič, S., Mogessie, A., Benkó, Z., Molnár, F., Hauck, S., & Severson, M. (2015). Arsenic-rich Cu-Ni-PGE mineralization in Wetlegs, Duluth complex, St. Louis county, Minnesota, USA. The Canadian Mineralogist, 53:105-132
  • Nevada
    • Lander Co.
      • Battle Mountain Mining District
Moore-Roth, M. N. (2012). Supergene enrichment profile at copper basin Battle Mountain, Nevada (Doctoral dissertation, New Mexico Institute of Mining and Technology).
  • New Mexico
    • Otero Co.
Anthony, Bideaux, Bladh, Nichols: "Handbook of Mineralogy", Vol. 1, 1990
  • Virginia
    • Charlotte Co.
Minerals of Virginia 1990 by R. V. Dietrich
    • Halifax Co.
Minerals of Virginia 1990 by R. V. Dietrich
  • Washington
    • Okanogan Co.
      • Golden Horn Batholith
Boggs, R.C. (1984) Mineralogy and geochemistry of the Golden Horn batholith, northern Cascades, Washington. PhD thesis University of California, Santa Barbara.
 
矿物 and/or 产地  
版权所有© mindat.org1993年至2020年,除了规定的地方。 Mindat.org全赖于全球数千个以上成员和支持者们的参与。
隐私政策 - 条款和条款细则 - 联络我们 Current server date and time: 2020.1.19 15:58:50 Page generated: 2020.1.12 13:28:10
Go to top of page