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Xilingolite

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About XilingoliteHide

Formula:
Pb3Bi2S6
Colour:
Lead-grey
Lustre:
Metallic
Hardness:
3
Specific Gravity:
7.08
Crystal System:
Monoclinic
Name:
Named after its discovery locality, the Chaobuleng Fe-Zn deposit, Xilin Gol (in standard Chinese phonetics: Xilinguole) League, Inner Mongolia, China.
Dimorph of:
Ramdohrite-Lillianite Group. The monoclinic dimorph of (Ag-free) lillianite.

Compare 'UM1989-22-S:BiPb'.


Classification of XilingoliteHide

Approved
Approval Year:
1982
First Published:
1982
2.JB.40a

2 : SULFIDES and SULFOSALTS (sulfides, selenides, tellurides; arsenides, antimonides, bismuthides; sulfarsenites, sulfantimonites, sulfbismuthites, etc.)
J : Sulfosalts of PbS archetype
B : Galena derivatives, with Pb
3.4.16.1

3 : SULFOSALTS
4 : ø = 3
5.6.29

5 : Sulphosalts - Sulpharsenites and Sulphobismuthites (those containing Sn, Ge,or V are in Section 6)
6 : Sulpharsenites etc. of Pb alone

Physical Properties of XilingoliteHide

Metallic
Transparency:
Opaque
Colour:
Lead-grey
Streak:
Gray
Hardness:
Density:
7.08 g/cm3 (Measured)    7.07 g/cm3 (Calculated)

Optical Data of XilingoliteHide

Type:
Anisotropic
Anisotropism:
Distinct, dark gray to gray
Reflectivity:
405nmR1=43.2%R2=46.6%
436nmR1=44.5%R2=46.8%
480nmR1=44.3%R2=46.8%
526nmR1=44.2%R2=44.9%
546nmR1=41.8%R2=44.5%
578nmR1=41.4%R2=44.1%
589nmR1=40.9%R2=43.8%
622nmR1=40.5%R2=43.3%
644nmR1=40.0%R2=43.0%
656nmR1=39.9%R2=43.0%
664nmR1=39.8%R2=43.0%
700.nmR1=37.5%R2=41.2%

Reflectance graph
Graph shows reflectance levels at different wavelengths (in nm). Top of box is 100%. Peak reflectance is 46.8%.
R1 shown in black, R2 shown in red
Pleochroism:
Visible
Comments:
White to white with blue tint.

Chemical Properties of XilingoliteHide

Formula:
Pb3Bi2S6
Common Impurities:
Zn,Cu,Ag,Sb

Crystallography of XilingoliteHide

Crystal System:
Monoclinic
Cell Parameters:
a = 13.65 Å, b = 4.07 Å, c = 20.68 Å
β = 93°
Ratio:
a:b:c = 3.354 : 1 : 5.081
Unit Cell V:
1,147.31 ų (Calculated from Unit Cell)
Morphology:
Prismatic crystals, elongated and striated on {010}
Twinning:
On {001}.

X-Ray Powder DiffractionHide

Powder Diffraction Data:
d-spacingIntensity
3.386 Å(100)
2.177 Å(90)
2.073 Å(80)
2.051 Å(70)
1.955 Å(70)
1.788 Å(60)
1.396 Å(50)

Type Occurrence of XilingoliteHide

Synonyms of XilingoliteHide

Other Language Names for XilingoliteHide

German:Xilingolit
Simplified Chinese:锡林郭勒矿
Spanish:Xilingolita

Varieties of XilingoliteHide

Argentiferous XilingoliteA variety of xilingolite that contains up to about 6% (w/w) of silver.

Relationship of Xilingolite to other SpeciesHide

Other Members of this group:
Andorite IVPb18Ag15Sb47S96Mon. 2 : P2
Andorite VIAgPbSb3S6Orth. mm2 : Pmn21
AndreadiniiteCuHgAg7Pb7Sb24S48Mon. 2/m : P21/b
ArsenquatrandoriteAg17.6Pb12.8Sb38.1As11.5S96Mon. 2/m : P21/b
AschamalmitePb6Bi2S9Mon. 2/m
Clino-oscarkempffiteAg15Pb6Sb21Bi18S72Mon. 2/m : P21/b
ErzwiesiteAg8Pb12Bi16S40Orth. mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m) : Pbcn
EskimoiteAg7Pb10Bi15S36Mon.
FizélyiteAg5Pb14Sb21S48Mon. 2/m
GustaviteAgPbBi3S6Orth. mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m)
HeyrovskýitePb6Bi2S9Orth. mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m) : Cccm
JasrouxiteAg16Pb4(Sb24As16)S72Tric. 1 : P1
LillianitePb3-2xAgxBi2+xS6Orth. mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m)
MenchettiiteAgPb2.40Mn1.60Sb3As2S12Mon. 2/m : P21/b
OscarkempffiteAg10Pb4(Sb17Bi9)S48Orth. mm2
OurayiteAg3Pb4Bi5S13Orth.
OyoniteAg3Mn2Pb4Sb7As4S24Mon. 2/m
RamdohritePb5.9Fe0.1Mn0.1In0.1Cd0.2Ag2.8Sb10.8S24Mon. 2/m
RoshchiniteAg19Pb10Sb51S96Orth.
SchirmeritePbAgBi3S6 - Pb3Ag1.5Bi3.5S9Orth.
StaročeskéiteAg0.70Pb1.60(Bi1.35Sb1.35)Σ2.70S6Orth. mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m) : Cmcm
TerrywallaceiteAgPb(Sb,Bi)3S6Mon. 2/m : P21/b
TreasuriteAg7Pb6Bi15S32Mon.
UchucchacuaiteAgMnPb3Sb5S12Orth. mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m) : Pmmm
UstarasitePb(Bi,Sb)6S10 (?)
VikingiteAg5Pb8Bi13S30Mon. 2/m : B2/m

Common AssociatesHide

Associated Minerals Based on Photo Data:
1 photo of Xilingolite associated with QuartzSiO2
1 photo of Xilingolite associated with CosalitePb2Bi2S5

Related Minerals - Nickel-Strunz GroupingHide

2.JB.Andorite VIAgPbSb3S6Orth. mm2 : Pmn21
2.JB.05DiaphoriteAg3Pb2Sb3S8Mon. 2/m : P21/b
2.JB.10CosalitePb2Bi2S5Orth. mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m)
2.JB.15FreieslebeniteAgPbSbS3Mon. 2/m : P21/b
2.JB.15MarriteAgPbAsS3Mon. 2/m : P21/b
2.JB.20CannizzaritePb48Bi56S132Mon. 2/m : P21/m
2.JB.20WittitePb9Bi12(S,Se)27Mon.
2.JB.25aJunoiteCu2Pb3Bi8(S,Se)16Mon. 2/m : B2/m
2.JB.25iNeyiteAg2Cu6Pb25Bi26S68Mon.
2.JB.25cNordströmiteCuPb3Bi7(Se4S10)Mon.
2.JB.25gNuffielditeCu1.4Pb2.4Bi2.4Sb0.2S7Orth.
2.JB.25dProuditeCuPb7.5Bi9.33(S,Se)22Mon. 2/m : B2/m
2.JB.25hWeibullitePb5Bi8Se7S11Orth.
2.JB.25bFelbertaliteCu2Pb6Bi8S19Mon. 2/m : B2/m
2.JB.25jRouxeliteCu2HgPb23Sb27S65.5Mon. 2/m : B2/m
2.JB.25fÁngelaiteCu2AgPbBiS4Orth. mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m) : Pnma
2.JB.25iCuproneyiteCu7Pb27Bi25S68Mon. 2/m : B2/m
2.JB.30aGeocronitePb14(Sb,As)6S23Mon. 2/m : P21/m
2.JB.30aJordanitePb14(As,Sb)6S23Mon. 2/m : P21/m
2.JB.30bKirkiitePb10Bi3As3S19Mon. 2/m : P21/m
2.JB.30cTsugaruitePb28As15S50ClOrth.
2.JB.35cPillaitePb9Sb10S23ClO0.5Mon. 2/m : B2/m
2.JB.35aZinkenitePb9Sb22S42Hex. 6 : P63
2.JB.35bScainiitePb14Sb30S54O5Mon. 2/m : B2/m
2.JB.35dPellouxite(Cu,Ag)Pb10Sb12S27O(Cl,S)0.6Mon. 2/m : B2/m
2.JB.35fTubuliteAg2Pb22Sb20S53Mon. m : Pb
2.JB.35eChovanitePb15-2xSb14+2xS36Ox (x ~ 0.2)Mon. 2/m : B2/m
2.JB.40bAschamalmitePb6Bi2S9Mon. 2/m
2.JB.40aBursaitePb5Bi4S11 (?)Orth.
2.JB.40bEskimoiteAg7Pb10Bi15S36Mon.
2.JB.40aFizélyiteAg5Pb14Sb21S48Mon. 2/m
2.JB.40aGustaviteAgPbBi3S6Orth. mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m)
2.JB.40aLillianitePb3-2xAgxBi2+xS6Orth. mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m)
2.JB.40cOurayiteAg3Pb4Bi5S13Orth.
2.JB.40aRamdohritePb5.9Fe0.1Mn0.1In0.1Cd0.2Ag2.8Sb10.8S24Mon. 2/m
2.JB.40aRoshchiniteAg19Pb10Sb51S96Orth.
2.JB.40dSchirmeritePbAgBi3S6 - Pb3Ag1.5Bi3.5S9Orth.
2.JB.40aTreasuriteAg7Pb6Bi15S32Mon.
2.JB.40aUchucchacuaiteAgMnPb3Sb5S12Orth. mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m) : Pmmm
2.JB.40eUstarasitePb(Bi,Sb)6S10 (?)
2.JB.40aVikingiteAg5Pb8Bi13S30Mon. 2/m : B2/m
2.JB.40bHeyrovskýitePb6Bi2S9Orth. mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m) : Cccm
2.JB.40UM1988-05-S:AgBiCuHgPb(Hg,Ag,Cu,Pb)5Pb5Bi11S27
2.JB.40UM1988-06-S:AgBiCuHgPb(Pb,Hg)12(Cu,Ag)3(Bi,Sb)10(S,Te)27
2.JB.40aAndorite IVPb18Ag15Sb47S96Mon. 2 : P2
2.JB.55GratonitePb9As4S15Trig. 3m : R3m
2.JB.60MarrucciiteHg3Pb16Sb18S46Mon. 2/m : B2/m
2.JB.65VurroitePb20Sn2(Bi,As)22S54Cl6Orth.

Related Minerals - Hey's Chemical Index of Minerals GroupingHide

5.6.1SartoritePbAs2S4Mon. 2/m : P21/m
5.6.2DufrénoysitePb2As2S5Mon. 2 : P21
5.6.3LiveingitePb9As13S28Mon.
5.6.4BaumhaueritePb12As16S36Tric. 1 : P1
5.6.5GratonitePb9As4S15Trig. 3m : R3m
5.6.6JordanitePb14(As,Sb)6S23Mon. 2/m : P21/m
5.6.7FülöppitePb3Sb8S15Mon. 2/m : B2/b
5.6.8ZinkenitePb9Sb22S42Hex. 6 : P63
5.6.9PlagionitePb5Sb8S17Mon. 2/m
5.6.10HeteromorphitePb7Sb8S19Mon. 2/m : B2/b
5.6.11LaunayiteCuPb10(Sb,As)12S20Mon.
5.6.12PlayfairitePb16(Sb,As)19S44ClMon.
5.6.13SemseyitePb9Sb8S21Mon. 2/m : B2/b
5.6.14MadocitePb19(Sb,As)16S43Orth.
5.6.15BoulangeritePb5Sb4S11Mon. 2/m : P21/b
5.6.17RobinsonitePb4Sb6S13Mon. 2/m : P21/m
5.6.18GuettarditePbAsSbS4Mon. 2/m : P21/b
5.6.19Twinnite Pb0.8Tl0.1Sb1.3As0.8S4Mon. 2/m
5.6.20VeenitePb16Sb9-xAs7+xS40, x ~ 0-0.5Mon. 2 : P21
5.6.21SorbyiteCuPb9(Sb,As)11S26Mon. 2/m : B2/m
5.6.22GeocronitePb14(Sb,As)6S23Mon. 2/m : P21/m
5.6.23GalenobismutitePbBi2S4Orth. mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m)
5.6.24CosalitePb2Bi2S5Orth. mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m)
5.6.25CannizzaritePb48Bi56S132Mon. 2/m : P21/m
5.6.26LillianitePb3-2xAgxBi2+xS6Orth. mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m)
5.6.27GiessenitePb27Cu2(Bi,Sb)19S57Mon. 2/m
5.6.28Platynite
5.6.30WeibullitePb5Bi8Se7S11Orth.
5.6.31WittitePb9Bi12(S,Se)27Mon.
5.6.32KirkiitePb10Bi3As3S19Mon. 2/m : P21/m
5.6.33UstarasitePb(Bi,Sb)6S10 (?)

Other InformationHide

Health Risks:
No information on health risks for this material has been entered into the database. You should always treat mineral specimens with care.

References for XilingoliteHide

Reference List:
Sort by Year (asc) | by Year (desc) | by Author (A-Z) | by Author (Z-A)
Hong, H., Wang, X., Shi, N., Peng, Z. (1982) Xilingolite, a new sulphide of lead and bismuth, Pb3+xBi2-2/3xS6. Acta Petrologica Mineralogica et Analytica (China): 1(4): 14-18. (in Chinese with English abstract)
Dunn, P.J., Cabri, L.J., Chao, G.Y., Fleischer, M., Francis, C.A., Grice, J.D., Jambor, J.L., Pabst, A. (1984) New mineral names. American Mineralogist: 69: 406-412.
Berlepsch, P., Armbruster, T., Makovicky, E., Hejny, C., Topa, D., Graeser, S. (2001) The crystal structure of (001) twinned xilingolite, Pb3Bi2S6 from Mittal-Hohtenn, Valais, Switzerland. Canadian Mineralogist: 39: 1653-1663.
Jambor, J.L., Grew, E.S., Roberts, A.C. (2002) New mineral names. American Mineralogist: 87: 1509-1513.
Kolitsch, U., Brandstätter, F. (2011) 1689) Xilingolit von der Abichlalm, Untersulzbachtal. P. 156 in Niedermayr, G. et al. (2011): Neue Mineralfunde aus Österreich LX. Carinthia II, 201./121., 135-186.
Ohta, M., Chung, D.Y., Kunii, M., Kanatzidis, M.G. (2014) Low lattice thermal conductivity in Pb5Bi6Se14, Pb3Bi2S6, and PbBi2S4: promising thermoelectric materials in the cannizzarite, lillianite, and galenobismuthite homologous series. Journal of Materials Chemistry A: Materials for Energy and Sustainability: 2: 20048-20058.

Internet Links for XilingoliteHide

Localities for XilingoliteHide

This map shows a selection of localities that have latitude and longitude coordinates recorded. Click on the symbol to view information about a locality. The symbol next to localities in the list can be used to jump to that position on the map.

Locality ListHide

- This locality has map coordinates listed. - This locality has estimated coordinates. ⓘ - Click for further information on this occurrence. ? - Indicates mineral may be doubtful at this locality. - Good crystals or important locality for species. - World class for species or very significant. (TL) - Type Locality for a valid mineral species. (FRL) - First Recorded Locality for everything else (eg varieties). Struck out - Mineral was erroneously reported from this locality. Faded * - Never found at this locality but inferred to have existed at some point in the past (eg from pseudomorphs.)

All localities listed without proper references should be considered as questionable.
Austria
 
  • Carinthia
    • Spittal an der Drau District
      • Weißensee
        • Wurten
Kolitsch, U. (2012): 1736) Xilingolit vom Sandfeldkopf, Wurten, Goldberggruppe, Kärnten. Pp. 140-141 in Niedermayr, G. et al. (2012): Neue Mineralfunde aus Österreich LXI. Carinthia II, 202./122., 123-180.
  • Salzburg
    • Zell am See District
      • Neukirchen am Großvenediger
        • Abichl Alp - Beryller area
Kolitsch, U. & Brandstätter, F. (2011): 1689) Xilingolit von der Abichlalm, Untersulzbachtal. P. 156 in Niedermayr, G. et al. (2011): Neue Mineralfunde aus Österreich LX. Carinthia II, 201./121., 135-186.
China (TL)
 
  • Inner Mongolia
    • Xilingol League (Xilinguole Prefecture)
      • East Ujimqin Banner (Dongwuzhumuqin Co.; Dongwu Qi)
Hong Huidi, Wang Xiangwen, Shi Nicheng, and Peng Zhizhong (1982): Acta Petrologica Mineralogica et Analytica 1(4), 14-18, 41.
  • Jiangxi
    • Ganzhou
      • Yudu Co.
Yingchen Ren (1999): Contributions to Geology and Mineral Resources Research 14(1), 1-12, 38
Switzerland
 
  • Valais
    • Westlich Raron (West Raron)
      • Steg-Hohtenn
        • Mittal
Graeser, S. (1984): Die Mineralien des Strassentunnels Mittal-Hohtenn/VS. Schweizer Strahler 12(6), 293-309. [as unknown mineral M2] (see Berlepsch et al., 2001); Schweizer Strahler 4/2001 p 19-23; Berlepsch, P., Armbruster, T., Makovicky, E., Hejny, C., Topa, D., Graeser, S. (2001) The crystal structure of (001) twinned xilingolite, Pb3Bi2S6 from Mittal-Hohtenn, Valais, Switzerland. Canadian Mineralogist: 39: 1653-1663., Canadian Mineralogist (2001): 39: 1653-1663.
USA
 
  • Michigan
    • Marquette Co.
      • Ishpeming Greenstone belt (Marquette Greenstone belt)
Travis Olds collection
  • New Mexico
    • Luna County
Robert E Walstrom (2015) Skarn Minerals of the Victorio Mountains, Luna County, New Mexico. 36th Annual New Mexico Mineral Symposium p 34
Robert E. Walstrom Collection
 
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