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About WinchiteHide

The winchite-group minerals are defined as sodium-calcium amphiboles with A(Na+K+ 2Ca)<0.5 apfu and with C(Al+Fe3++2Ti)<1.5 apfu. The W position may contain (OH),F or Cl.

Winchite is defined with
C2+ position: Mg dominant
C3+ position: Al dominant
W position: (OH) dominant.
Cobalt-blue to violet-blue, lavender-gray, gray, colorless
Crystal System:
Named in honor of Howard James Winch (1877, Buckhurst Hill, Essex, England - 1964, Essex, England) analytical chemist, mineralogist, metallurgist, and mining engineer with the Kajlidongri quarry, who discovered of the mineral. He also discovered hollandite.
Compare the chemically similar richterite.

The Kajlidongri mine, Madhya Pradesh, India, is generally considered to be the type locality for winchite, but since Fe3+ >> Al the mineral composition of the mineral found here corresponds to a ferri-winchite composition. See locality page for further information.

Classification of WinchiteHide

Approved, 'Grandfathered' (first described prior to 1959)

9 : SILICATES (Germanates)
D : Inosilicates
E : Inosilicates with 2-periodic double chains, Si4O11; Clinoamphiboles

66 : INOSILICATES Double-Width,Unbranched Chains,(W=2)
1 : Amphiboles - Mg-Fe-Mn-Li subgroup

14 : Silicates not Containing Aluminum
25 : Silicates of Fe, Ca and alkalis and of Fe, Mg, Ca and alkalis

Physical Properties of WinchiteHide

Cobalt-blue to violet-blue, lavender-gray, gray, colorless
Pale blue-grey
5½ on Mohs scale

Optical Data of WinchiteHide

Biaxial (+)
RI values:
nα = 1.636 nβ = 1.646 nγ = 1.658
Max Birefringence:
δ = 0.022
Image shows birefringence interference colour range (at 30µm thickness)
and does not take into account mineral colouration.
Surface Relief:

Chemical Properties of WinchiteHide


The winchite-group minerals are defined as sodium-calcium amphiboles with A(Na+K+ 2Ca)<0.5 apfu and with C(Al+Fe3++2Ti)<1.5 apfu. The W position may contain (OH),F or Cl.

Winchite is defined with
C2+ position: Mg dominant
C3+ position: Al dominant
W position: (OH) dominant.
IMA Formula:
Common Impurities:

Chemical AnalysisHide

Empirical formulas:
Sample IDEmpirical Formula
1(Na0,142)?0,142 (Na1,061Ca0,588Fe0,304Mn0,047)?2 (Mg2,526Feii1,458Al0,584FeIII0,428Ti0,004)?5 (Si7,915Al0,085)?8 O22 ((OH)1,983O0,017)?2

Crystallography of WinchiteHide

Crystal System:
Class (H-M):
2/m - Prismatic
Cell Parameters:
a = 9.83 Å, b = 18.06 Å, c = 5.3 Å
β = 104.45°
a:b:c = 0.544 : 1 : 0.293
Unit Cell V:
911.14 ų (Calculated from Unit Cell)

Crystal StructureHide

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IDSpeciesReferenceLinkYearLocalityPressure (GPa)Temp (K)
0020107WinchiteJenkins D M, Della Ventura G, Oberti R, Bozhilov K (2013) Synthesis and characterization of amphiboles along the tremolite-glaucophane join American Mineralogist 98 588-6002013synthetic0293
0020108WinchiteJenkins D M, Della Ventura G, Oberti R, Bozhilov K (2013) Synthesis and characterization of amphiboles along the tremolite-glaucophane join American Mineralogist 98 588-6002013synthetic0293
0005710WinchiteSokolova E V, Hawthorne F C, Gorbatova V, McCammon C, Schneider J (2001) Ferrian winchite from the Ilmen mountains, southern Urals, Russia and some problems with the current scheme for amphibole nomenclature adjusted to match reported bond lengths The Canadian Mineralogist 39 171-1772001Ilmen mountains, southern Urals, Russia0293
0007426WinchiteGhose S, Kersten M, Langer K, Rossi G, Ungaretti L (1986) Crystal field spectra and Jahn Teller effect of Mn3+ in clinopyroxene and clinoamphiboles from India Physics and Chemistry of Minerals 13 291-30519860293
CIF Raw Data - click here to close

Synonyms of WinchiteHide

Other Language Names for WinchiteHide

Simplified Chinese:蓝透闪石
Traditional Chinese:藍透閃石

Relationship of Winchite to other SpeciesHide

Other Members of this group:
Ferri-winchite◻(NaCa)(Mg4Fe3+)Si8O22(OH)2Mon. 2/m : B2/m
Ferro-winchite ◻{CaNa}{Fe2+4Al}(Si8O22)(OH)2Mon.

Common AssociatesHide

Associated Minerals Based on Photo Data:
1 photo of Winchite associated with BrauniteMn2+Mn3+6(SiO4)O8

Related Minerals - Nickel-Strunz GroupingHide

9.DE.Clino-suenoite◻{Mn2+2}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2Mon. 2/m : B2/m
9.DE.05Clino-holmquistite Root Name Group◻{Li2}{Z2+3Z3+2}(Si8O22)(OH,F,Cl)2Mon.
9.DE.05Grunerite◻{Fe2+2}{Fe2+5}(Si8O22)(OH)2Mon. 2/m : B2/m
9.DE.05Ferri-fluoro-leakeite{Na}{Na2}{Mg2Fe3+2Li}(Si8O22)F2Mon. 2/m : B2/m
9.DE.10Actinolite◻Ca2(Mg4.5-2.5Fe0.5-2.5)Si8O22OH2Mon. 2/m : B2/m
9.DE.10Ferro-tschermakite◻{Ca2}{Fe2+3Al2}(Al2Si6O22)(OH)2Mon. 2/m : B2/m
9.DE.10Magnesio-hornblende◻Ca2(Mg4Al)(Si7Al)O22(OH)2Mon. 2/m : B2/m
9.DE.10Tremolite◻{Ca2}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2Mon. 2/m : B2/m
9.DE.10Tschermakite◻(Ca2)(Mg3Al2)(Al2Si6O22)(OH)2Mon. 2/m : B2/m
9.DE.10Parvo-manganotremolite◻{CaMn2+}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2Mon. 2/m : B2/m
9.DE.10Fluoro-tremolite◻{Ca2}{Mg5}(Si8O22)F2Mon. 2/m : B2/m
9.DE.10Ferro-ferri-hornblende◻Ca2(Fe2+4Fe3+)(AlSi7O22)(OH)2Mon. 2/m : B2/m
9.DE.15PargasiteNaCa2(Mg4Al)(Si6Al2)O22(OH)2Mon. 2/m : B2/m
9.DE.15Fluoro-edeniteNaCa2Mg5(Si7Al)O22F2Mon. 2/m : P2/m
9.DE.15Magnesio-fluoro-hastingsiteNaCa2(Mg4Fe3+)(Si6Al2)O22F2Mon. 2/m : B2/m
9.DE.15Potassic-fluoro-hastingsiteKCa2(Fe2+4Fe3+)(Si6Al2)O22F2Mon. 2/m : B2/m
9.DE.15Potassic-chloro-hastingsiteKCa2(Fe2+4Fe3+)(Si6Al2)O22Cl2Mon. 2/m : B2/m
9.DE.15Fluoro-pargasiteNaCa2(Mg4Al)(Si6Al2)O22F2Mon. 2/m : B2/m
9.DE.15Parvo-mangano-edenite{Na}{CaMn2+}{Mg5}(AlSi7O22)(OH)2Mon. 2/m : B2/m
9.DE.15Potassic-chloro-pargasiteKCa2(Mg4Al)(Si6Al2)O22Cl2Mon. 2/m : B2/m
9.DE.15Potassic-magnesio-hastingsiteKCa2(Mg4Fe3+)(Si6Al2)O22(OH)2Mon. 2/m : B2/m
9.DE.15Potassic-ferro-pargasiteKCa2(Fe2+4Al)(Si6Al2)O22(OH)2Mon. 2/m : B2/m
9.DE.15Chromio-pargasite{Na}{Ca2}{Mg4Cr3+}(Al2Si6O22)(OH)2Mon. 2/m : B2/m
9.DE.15Potassic-fluoro-pargasiteKCa2(Mg4Al)(Si6Al2)O22F2Mon. 2/m : B2/m
9.DE.15Ferri-kaersutiteNaCa2(Mg3Fe3+Ti)(Si6Al2O22)O2Mon. 2/m : B2/m
9.DE.15Vanadio-pargasiteNaCa2(Mg3+4V)(Al2Si6)O22(OH)2Mon. 2/m : B2/m
9.DE.20Ferro-taramiteNa(CaNa)(Fe2+3Al2)(Al2Si6O22)(OH)2Mon. 2/m : B2/m
9.DE.20Ferro-ferri-katophoriteNa(NaCa)(Fe2+4Fe3+)(Si7Al)O22(OH)2Mon. 2/m : B2/m
9.DE.20Ferro-barroisite◻{CaNa}{Fe2+3Al2}(AlSi7O22)(OH)2Mon. 2/m : B2/m
9.DE.20Ferro-winchite ◻{CaNa}{Fe2+4Al}(Si8O22)(OH)2Mon.
9.DE.20Ferro-katophorite{Na}{CaNa}{Fe2+4Al}[(AlSi7)O22](OH)2Mon. 2/m : B2/m
9.DE.20Richterite{Na}{NaCa}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2Mon. 2/m : B2/m
9.DE.20Taramite{Na}{CaNa}{Mg3Al2}(Al2Si6O22)(OH)2Mon. 2/m : B2/m
9.DE.20Fluoro-richterite{Na}{CaNa}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(F,OH)2Mon. 2/m
9.DE.20Katophorite{Na}{CaNa}{Mg4Al}[(AlSi7)O22](OH)2Mon. 2/m : B2/m
9.DE.20Potassic-richterite{K}{CaNa}{Mg5}Si8O22(OH)2Mon. 2/m : B2/m
9.DE.20Ferri-ghoseite◻[Mn2+Na][Mg4Fe3+]Si8O22(OH)2Mon. 2/m
9.DE.20Ferri-winchite◻(NaCa)(Mg4Fe3+)Si8O22(OH)2Mon. 2/m : B2/m
9.DE.20Fluoro-taramite{Na}{CaNa}{Mg3Al2}(Al2Si6O22)F2Mon. 2/m : B2/m
9.DE.20Ferri-fluoro-katophoriteNa(CaNa)(Mg4Fe3+)(AlSi7O22)F2Mon. 2/m : B2/m
9.DE.25Arfvedsonite[Na][Na2][Fe2+4Fe3+]Si8O22(OH)2Mon. 2/m : B2/m
9.DE.25EckermanniteNaNa2(Mg4Al}Si8O22(OH)2Mon. 2/m : B2/m
9.DE.25Potassic-mangani-leakeite[(Na,K)][Na2][Mg2Mn3+2Li]Si8O22(OH)2Mon. 2/m : B2/m
9.DE.25Magnesio-arfvedsonite{Na}{Na2}{Mg4Fe3+}(Si8O22)(OH)2Mon. 2/m : B2/m
9.DE.25NybøiteNaNa2(Mg3Al2)(AlSi7O22)(OH)2Mon. 2/m : B2/m
9.DE.25Riebeckite◻[Na2][Fe2+3Fe3+2]Si8O22(OH)2Mon. 2/m : B2/m
9.DE.25Ferro-ferri-nybøiteNaNa2[(Fe2+3,Mg)Fe3+2](AlSi7O22)(OH)2Mon. 2/m : B2/m
9.DE.25Clino-ferro-ferri-holmquistite◻{Li2}{Fe2+3Fe3+2}(Si8O22)(OH)2Mon. 2/m : B2/m
9.DE.25Potassic-ferri-leakeite[K][Na2][Mg2Fe3+2Li]Si8O22(OH)2Mon. 2/m : B2/m
9.DE.25Fluoro-nybøiteNaNa2(Mg3Al2)(AlSi7O22)(F,OH)2Mon. 2/m : B2/m
9.DE.25Mangani-dellaventuraiteNaNa2(MgMn3+2Ti4+Li)Si8O22O2Mon. 2/m : B2/m
9.DE.25Fluoro-pedriziteNaLi2(Mg2Al2Li)(Si8O22)F2Mon. 2/m : B2/m
9.DE.25Potassic-arfvedsonite[(K,Na)][Na2][Fe2+4Fe3+]Si8O22(OH)2Mon. 2/m : B2/m
9.DE.25Mangani-obertiiteNaNa2(Mg3Mn3+Ti4+)Si8O22O2Mon. 2/m : B2/m
9.DE.25Potassic-magnesio-fluoro-arfvedsonite[(K,Na)][Na2][Mg4Fe3+][Si8O22][(F,OH)2]Mon. 2/m : B2/m
9.DE.25Ferro-ferri-pedrizite[Na][Li2][Fe2+2Fe3+2Li]Si8O22(OH)2Mon. 2/m : B2/m
9.DE.25Potassic-magnesio-arfvedsonite[K][Na2][Mg4Fe3+]Si8O22(OH)2Mon. 2/m : B2/m
9.DE.25PedriziteNaLi2(LiMg2Al2)(Si8O22)(OH)2Mon. 2/m : B2/m
9.DE.25Ferro-pedriziteNaLi2(Fe2+2Al2Li)Si8O22(OH)2Mon. 2/m : B2/m
9.DE.25Ferro-fluoro-pedriziteNa(Li2)(Fe2+2Al2Li)[Si8O22]F2Mon. 2/m : B2/m
9.DE.25Fluoro-leakeiteNaNa2(Mg2Al2Li)(Si8O22)F2Mon. 2/m : B2/m
9.DE.25Ferro-ferri-obertiiteNaNa2(Fe2+3Fe3+Ti)Si8O22O2Mon. 2/m : B2/m
9.DE.25Ferri-obertiiteNaNa2(Mg3Fe3+Ti)Si8O22O2Mon. 2/m : B2/m

Related Minerals - Dana Grouping (8th Ed.)Hide

66.1.3b.9Richterite{Na}{NaCa}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2Mon. 2/m : B2/m
66.1.3b.11Katophorite{Na}{CaNa}{Mg4Al}[(AlSi7)O22](OH)2Mon. 2/m : B2/m
66.1.3b.15Taramite{Na}{CaNa}{Mg3Al2}(Al2Si6O22)(OH)2Mon. 2/m : B2/m

Related Minerals - Hey's Chemical Index of Minerals GroupingHide

14.25.2Ferri-winchite (of Leake 1978)
14.25.3Alumino-ferrowinchite ◻{CaNa}{Fe2+4Al}(Si8O22)(OH)2
14.25.5Ferro-winchite ◻{CaNa}{Fe2+4Al}(Si8O22)(OH)2Mon.
14.25.6Arfvedsonite[Na][Na2][Fe2+4Fe3+]Si8O22(OH)2Mon. 2/m : B2/m
14.25.9Yakhontovite(Ca,Na)0.5(Cu,Fe,Mg)2(Si4O10)(OH)2 · 3H2OMon.

Other InformationHide

Health Risks:
No information on health risks for this material has been entered into the database. You should always treat mineral specimens with care.

References for WinchiteHide

Reference List:
Sort by Year (asc) | by Year (desc) | by Author (A-Z) | by Author (Z-A)
Fermor, L.L. (1904) A new form of blue amphibole from Central India. Records of the Geological Survey of India: 31: 235-236.
Fermor, L.L. (1906) Manganese in India, Transactions of the Mining and Geological Institute of India: 1, Part 2, 2nd edition.
Nayak, V.K., Leake, B.E. (1975) On 'winchite' from the original locality at Kajlidongri, India. Mineralogical Magazine: 40: 395-399.
Leake, B.E., Ferrow, C.M., Nayak, V.K. (1981) Further studies on winchite from the type locality. American Mineralogist: 66: 625-631.
Leake, B.E., Farrow, C.M., Chao, F., Nayak, V.K. (1986) Winchite re-discovered from the type locality in India. Mineralogical Magazine: 50: 173-175.
Mandarino, J.A. (1998) The Second List of Additions and Corrections to the Glossary of Mineral Species (1995). The Amphibole Group. Mineralogical Record: 29: 169-174.
Hawthorne, F.C., Oberti, R. (2006) On the classification of amphiboles. The Canadian Mineralogist: 44: 1-21.
Hawthorne, F.C., Oberti, R., Harlow, G.E., Maresch, W.V., Martin, R.F., Schumacher, J.C., Welch, M.D. (2012) Nomenclature of the amphibole supergroup. American Mineralogist: 97: 2031-2048.

Internet Links for WinchiteHide

Localities for WinchiteHide

This map shows a selection of localities that have latitude and longitude coordinates recorded. Click on the symbol to view information about a locality. The symbol next to localities in the list can be used to jump to that position on the map.

Locality ListHide

- This locality has map coordinates listed. - This locality has estimated coordinates. ⓘ - Click for further information on this occurrence. ? - Indicates mineral may be doubtful at this locality. - Good crystals or important locality for species. - World class for species or very significant. (TL) - Type Locality for a valid mineral species. (FRL) - First Recorded Locality for everything else (eg varieties). Struck out - Mineral was erroneously reported from this locality. Faded * - Never found at this locality but inferred to have existed at some point in the past (eg from pseudomorphs.)

All localities listed without proper references should be considered as questionable.
  • Badakhshan
    • Khash & Kuran Wa Munjan Districts
      • Koksha Valley (Kokscha Valley; Kokcha Valley)
Frank Hawthorne
    • Kuran wa Munjan District
      • Koksha Valley (Kokscha Valley; Kokcha Valley)
        • Sar-e Sang (Sar Sang; Sary Sang)
Min Rec 36:3 p294
  • Skikda Province
    • Azzaba District
      • Es Sebt
Byramjee R.and Meindre M.(1956): Le gisement de manganèse de Guettara. Symposium du manganèse XX congrès international de géologie, Heflik W., 1989: Symplectic intergrowths in vulcanites from the Djebel Guettara manganese deposit (Northern Algeria). Mineralogia Polonica, vol. 20(2), 11-28
  • Northern Territory
    • Central Desert Region
      • Alcoota Station
Currie, K.L., Knutson, J., Temby, P.A. (1992) The Mud Tank carbonatite complex, central Australia - an example of metasomatism at mid-crustal levels. Contributions to Mineralogy and Petrology, Vol. 109 (3), pp.326-339.
  • Tasmania
    • Latrobe municipality
Bottrill, R. S.; 2001, Glaucophane and phengite bearing amphibolite, Port Sorell: mineral composition and petrology. Mineral resources Tasmania., Record 2001/13
    • Waratah-Wynyard municipality
      • Corinna-Savage River district
Bottrill & Taheri, 2008, Savage River mine, Unpub. Rept, Mineral Resources Tasmania
  • Victoria
    • City of Greater Bendigo
C. V. Spaggiari,  D. R. Gray and D. A. Foster(2002): Blueschist metamorphism during accretion in the Lachlan Orogen, south-eastern Australia, Journal of Metamorphic Geology, volume 20, Issue 8, pages 711–726,
  • Sofia City Province
Dyulgerov, M., Ovtcharova-Schaltegger, M., Ulianov, A., & Schaltegger, U. (2018). Timing of K-alkaline magmatism in the Balkan segment of southeast European Variscan edifice: ID-TIMS and LA-ICP-MS study. International Journal of Earth Sciences, 107(4), 1175-1192. Dyulgerov, M. (2005). Le plutonisme de tendance alcalin potassique de Stara planina, Bulgarie: etude petrologique des complexes de Buhovo-Seslavtzi, Svidnya et Shipka (Doctoral dissertation, Paris 11). Dyulgerov, M. M., & Platevoet, B. (2006). Unusual Ti and Zr aegirine-augite and potassic magnesio-arfvedsonite in the peralkaline potassic oversaturated Buhovo-Seslavtzi complex, Bulgaria. European Journal of Mineralogy, 18(1), 127-138. Lilov, P., Grozdanov, L., & Peeva, I. (1968). On the absolute age for the magmatic rocks from the deposits of Svidnya and Seslavci. Bulletin Geological Institute, Series Geochemistry, Mineralogy and Petrography, 17, 79-82.
  • British Columbia
    • Kamloops Mining Division
      • Blue River carbonatites
Chudy T, Groat L, Cempírek J (2014) The magmatic evolution of the Fir carbonatite system and implications for Ta enrichment in carbonatites. 21 st meeting of the International Mineralogical Association. p 73
    • Omineca Mining Division
      • Pinchi Lake
Ghent, E.D., Stout, M.Z., erdmer, P. (1990) Howieite in blueschists, Pinchi Lake, British Columbia. Canadian Mineralogist, 28, 855-858.
  • Nova Scotia
    • Cumberland Co.
Doucette, C., Pe-Piper, G. (1997) Digitial mapping of the Wentworth plutonic complex, Cobequid Highlans, Nova Scotia, and petrology of its felsic phases. 1997 AGS Abstracts, Atlantic Geology: 33(1): 56.
  • Ontario
    • Kenora District
      • Ring of Fire
        • BMA527861 Area
Laarman,J.E. 2014. A DETAILED METALLOGENIC STUDY OF THE MCFAULDS LAKE CHROMITE DEPOSITS, NORTHERN ONTARIO , PhD Thesis, University of Western Ontario, London, Ontario, Canada
  • Jiangsu
    • Lianyungang
      • Donghai Co.
Rong Yan and Jianjun Yang (2013): Acta Petrologica Sinica 29(5), 1621-1633
  • Xinjiang
    • Yili Hasake Autonomous Prefecture (Ili Kazakh Autonomous Prefecture)
Gao Jiu, Klemd, R., Zhang Lifei, Wang Su, and Xiao Xiong (1999): Journal of Metamorphic Geology 17(6), 621-636.
Czech Republic
  • Karlovy Vary Region
    • Sokolov District
      • Kraslice
Beran, P.: Mineralogie ložiska Cu (Ag, Au, Co) rud Tisová u Kraslic. Bulletin mineralogicko-petrografického oddělení Národního muzea v Praze, 1997, roč. 4-5, s. 65-77.
Dominican Republic
  • María Trinidad Sánchez Province
    • Río San Juan
Krebs, M., Maresch, W. V., Schertl, H. P., Münker, C., Baumann, A., Draper, G., ... & Trapp, E. (2008). The dynamics of intra-oceanic subduction zones: a direct comparison between fossil petrological evidence (Rio San Juan Complex, Dominican Republic) and numerical simulation. Lithos, 103(1-2), 106-137.
  • Corsica
    • Corse-du-Sud
      • Ajaccio
        • Tolla
Bonin, B. (1988). Peralkaline granites in Corsica: some petrological and geochemical constraints. Rendiconti della Società italiana di Mineralogia e Petrologia, 43(2), 281-306. Bonin, B., & Martin, R. F. (1974). Coexisting alkali feldspars in felsic members of the Cauro-Bastelica ring complex, Corsica. Lithos, 7(1), 23-28. Bonin, B., Vialette, Y. & Lameyre, J. (1972). GEOCHRONOLOGIE ET SIGNIFICATION DU COMPLEXE GRANITIQUE ANNULAIRE DE TOLLA-CAURO (CORSE). Compte Rendu Sommaire des Séances de la Sociéte Géologique de France, 14, 52-55. POITRASSON, F., DUTHOU, J. L., & PIN, C. (1995). The relationship between petrology and Nd isotopes as evidence for contrasting anorogenic granite genesis: example of the Corsican Province (SE France). Journal of Petrology, 36(5), 1251-1274.
    • Haute-Corse
      • Calvi
        • Manso
          • Monte Cinto Complex
Bonin, B. (1988). Peralkaline granites in Corsica: some petrological and geochemical constraints. Rendiconti della Società italiana di Mineralogia e Petrologia, 43(2), 281-306. Egeberg, A. T., Bonin, B. E. R. N. A. R. D., & Sorensen, H. (1993). The Bonifato peralkaline granites (NW Corsica); a possible case of evolution through volatile transfer. Bulletin de la Société Géologique de France, 164(5), 739-758. Maluski, H. (1974). MISE EN EVIDENCE PAR LA METHODE 40K-40A DE L'AGE PERMIEN DE CERTAINS GRANITES HYPERALCALINS DE CORSE. Compte Rendu Sommaire des Séances de la Societé Géologique de France, 16, 93-95. POITRASSON, F., DUTHOU, J. L., & PIN, C. (1995). The relationship between petrology and Nd isotopes as evidence for contrasting anorogenic granite genesis: example of the Corsican Province (SE France). Journal of Petrology, 36(5), 1251-1274.
  • Central Greece
    • Euboea
P. Xypolias, I. Iliopoulos, V. Chatzaras, and S. Kokkalas (2012) Subduction- and exhumation-related structures in the Cycladic Blueschists: Insights from south Evia Island (Aegean region, Greece)TECTONICS, VOL. 31, 22pp
  • South Aegean
    • Kalymnos
      • Arkoi
        • Akrotiri Koumaros
Eur. J. Mineral. , 1992, 4, pp. 527-537.
Eur. J. Mineral. , 1992, 4, pp. 527-537.
    • Milos
      • Sifnos
        • Sifnos Island
Eur. J. Mineral. , 1992, 4, pp. 619-634.
  • Gujarat
    • Panch Mahal District
Sathe, R.V., Peshawa, V.V., and Karmarkar, B.M. (1965): Bull. Geochem. Soc. India 1, 36-39.
Sadashivajah, M.S., and Naganna, C. (1964): Proc. Indian Acad. Sci. 59A, 355-361. Nayak, V. K. and Leake, B. E. (1975). On 'winchite' from the original locality at Kajlidongri, India, Mineralogical Magazine, 40,395-399.
  • Madhya Pradesh
    • Chhindwara District (Chindawara District; Chindwara District)
Roy, S., and Purkait, P.K. (1968): Contributions to Mineralogy and Petrology 20, 86-114.
    • Jabalpur division
      • Balaghat District
Kilpady, S.R. (1964): J. Univ. Geol. Soc. Nagpur 1, 7.
        • Tirodi
    • Jhabua District
Nayak, V. K. (1966): Mineralogy and genesis of the manganese ores of Kajlidongri mine, district Jhabua, Madhya Pradesh, India. Economic Geology 61, 1280-1282.; B. E. LEAKE, C. M. FARROW, F. CHAO, V. K. NAYAK(1986): Winchite re-discovered from the type locality in India, MINERALOGICAL MAGAZINE,VOL. 50, pp 173-175
  • Maharashtra
    • Bhandara District
Bilgrami, S. A. (1955). Manganese amphiboles from Chikla, Bhandara district, India. Min. Mag, 30, 633-644. Nayak, V. K. and Leake, B. E. (1975). On 'winchite' from the original locality at Kajlidongri, India, Mineralogical Magazine, 40,395-399
  • Telangana
    • Nalgonda District
Talukdar, D., Pandey, A., Rao, N. C., Kumar, A., Pandit, D., Belyatsky, B., & Lehmann, B. (2018). Petrology and geochemistry of the Mesoproterozoic Vattikod lamproites, Eastern Dharwar Craton, southern India: evidence for multiple enrichment of sub-continental lithospheric mantle and links with amalgamation and break-up of the Columbia supercontinent. Contributions to Mineralogy and Petrology, 173(8), 67.
  • Aosta Valley
    • Saint-Marcel
Piccoli, G.C., Maletto, G., Bosio, P., Lombardo, B. (2007): Minerali del Piemonte e della Valle d'Aosta. Associazione Amici del Museo "F. Eusebio" Alba, Ed., Alba (Cuneo) 607 pp.
  • Lombardy
    • Sondrio Province
Lapis, 19 (10), 15-21+86.
  • Ehime Prefecture
    • Niihama City
      • Besshi
        • Sebadani
Naohito Kishira, Akira Takasu and Md. Fazle Kabir(2013):Modes of occurrence and chemical compositions of amphiboles. in eclogite from the northeastern part of the Seba eclogitic basic schists in the Sambagawa metamorphic belt, central Shikoku, Japan. Geoscience Rept. Shimane Univ.,vol 32, pp33-42
  • Iwate Prefecture
    • Karumai
Dr. Matsuo Nambu collection (curated at Geological Survey of Japan)
    • Shimohei District
      • Yamada-machi
Dr. Matsuo Nambu ore collection (curated at Geological Survey of Japan)
  • Nagasaki Prefecture
    • Nagasaki City
      • Kinkai-Tone-machi
Yamada, S. (2004) Nihonsan-koubutsu Gojuon-hairetsu Sanchi-ichiranhyou (111 pp.)
    • Saikai City
Nishiyama, T., Mori, Y., & Shigeno, M. (2017). Jadeitites and associated metasomatic rocks from serpentinite mélanges in the Nishisonogi unit, Nagasaki Metamorphic Complex, western Kyushu, Japan: a review. Journal of Mineralogical and Petrological Sciences, 170322.
Okamoto, A., & Toriumi, M. (2005). Progress of actinolite‐forming reactions in mafic schists during retrograde metamorphism: an example from the Sanbagawa metamorphic belt in central Shikoku, Japan. Journal of Metamorphic Geology, 23(5), 335-356.
  • Kachin State
    • Mohnyin District
      • Hpakant Township (Hpakan; Phakant; Phakan)
Shi, G. H., Zhu, X. K., Deng, J., Mao, Q., Liu, Y. X., & Li, G. W. (2011). Geochimica et Cosmochimica Acta, 75(6), 1608-1620 Guanghai Shi, George E. Harlow, Jing Wang, Jun Wang, Enoch Ng, Xia Wang, ShuMin Cao and Wenyuan CUI(2012): Mineralogy of jadeitite and related rocks from Myanmar: a review with new data. European Journal of mineralogy, Vol 24, pp 345-384 ; Shi, G., Harlow, G.E., Wang, J. Wang, J., Ng, E., Wang, X., Cao, G. & Cui, W. (2012): Mineralogy of jadeitite and related rocks from Myanmar:a review with new data. Eur. J. Mineral. 24, 345–370
Shi, G., Harlow, G. E., Wang, J., Wang, J., Ng, E., Wang, X., ... & Cui, W. (2012). Mineralogy of jadeitite and related rocks from Myanmar: a review with new data. European Journal of Mineralogy, 24(2), 345-370.
Jing Wang, Guanghai Shi, Jun Wang, Ye Yuan, and Mengchu Yang (2013): Acta Petrologica Sinica 29(4), 1450-1460
Nyunt, T. T. (2009). Petrological and geochemical contribution to the origin of jadeitite and associated rocks of the Tawmaw Area, Kachin State, Myanmar.
  • Otjozondjupa Region
    • Omatako
Bezing, L. von, Bode, R. & Jahn, S. (2007): Namibia. Minerals and Localities. Edition Schloss Freudenstein, Bode Verlag, Haltern, 368 pp. (in English)
  • Muscat Governorate
    • Saih Hatat
Jour.Met.Geo 19:233–248 (2001)
  • Lower Silesian Voivodeship
    • Kłodzko County broken? sept 2014).
Hirtopanu, P. (2006). One hundred minerals for one hundred years (dedicated to the Centennial of the Geological Institute of Romania). In 3rd Conference on Mineral Sciences in the Carpathians, Miskolc Hungary. Acta Mineralogica–Petrographica, Abstract series (Vol. 5, p. 86).
  • Suceava
    • Suceava district
      • Iacobeni
  • Bashkortostan
    • Sibay
Brusnitsyn, A.I., and Zhukov, I.G. (2005): Lithology and Mineral Resources 40(1), 30-47.
  • Chelyabinsk Oblast
    • Vishnevye Mountains
Nedosekova, I.L. (2007): Geology of Ore Deposits 49(2), 129-146.
  • Irkutsk Oblast
    • Vitim Plateau
      • Biraya and Bya Rivers confluence area (Chara Basin)
Koneva A.A., Konev A.A., Vladykin N.V. (2010) Vein complex of the Biraya carbonatite deposit. in Abstracts of XXVII International conference School «Geochemistry of Alkaline rocks». – Moscow-Koktebel’. pp. 240 pp. Chukanov, Nikita V. (2013): Infrared spectra of mineral species: Extended library, Springer Science & Business Media, 1735 pp
A. Konev et al.: European Journal of Mineralogy 17(5):715–721 (2005)
  • Sverdlovsk Oblast
Gregor Borg et al (2001) Deep Exhumation and Tectonic Emplacement of the Nishni Tagil Ultramafic Complex and its Platinum Ores, Urals, Russia in (2001) European Union of Geosciences Conference XI (OS6)
  • Banská Bystrica Region
    • Rimavská Sobota District
Koděra et all.,1990: Topografická mineralógia Slovenska, I-III, 1590p
South Korea
  • North Chungcheong Province
    • Chungju City
      • Joongwon-gun
        • Mt. Eorae
P.M. Kartashov data
  • Andalusia
    • Huelva
Eur. J. Mineral. , 1993, 5, pp. 961-970.
  • Grisons
    • Maloja Region
      • Bregaglia
        • Val Bregaglia
          • Vicosoprano
Stalder, H. A., Wagner, A., Graeser, S. and Stuker, P. (1998): "Mineralienlexikon der Schweiz", Verlag Wepf & Co. (Basel), p. 64
  • Valais
    • Sierre
      • Anniviers
        • Saint-Luc
Ansermet, S. (2012): Mines et minéraux du Valais - II. Anniviers et Tourtemagne. With contributions by N. Meisser, Ed. Porte-plumes (Ayer)
Ansermet, S. with contributions of Meisser, N. (2012): Mines et minéraux du Valais. II. Anniviers et Tourtemagne. Musée de la Nature (Sion), Musée Cantonal de Géologie (Lausanne), and Editions Porte-Plumes (Ayer), 374 pp.
Tindle, A.G. (2008) Minerals of Britian and Ireland
  • California
    • Sonoma Co.
      • Coast Range
        • Cazadero
  • Colorado
    • Fremont Co.
USGS Bull 2192
    • Gunnison Co.
      • White Earth Mining District (Powderhorn Mining District)
USGS Bull 2192
  • Montana
    • Lincoln Co.
      • Libby Mining District (Snowshoe Mining District)
        • Libby
American Mineralogist, Volume 88, pages 1955–1969, 2003; Lowers, H.A., Wilson, S.A., Hoefen, T.M., Benzel, W.M., and Meeker, G.P., 2012, Preparation and characterization of “Libby Amphibole” toxicological testing material: U.S. Geological Survey Open-File Report 2012–1012, 20 p.; Gobla, M. J. (2012) Montana Mineral Locality Index. Rocks and Minerals 87:208-240.
      • Rainy Creek Mining District
Eur. J. Mineral. 2008, 20, 1043–1053
Gobla, M.J. (2012) Montana mineral locality index. Rocks & Minerals, 87, #3, 208-240.
  • New Jersey
    • Sussex County
      • Franklin Mining District
        • Franklin
          • Franklin Mine
Dr. Frank Craig
  • Vermont
Rocks & Min. Vol. 71. (1996)
Rocks & Min 71:330
    • Orleans Co.
Rocks & Min. Vol. 71, (1996)
  • Nueva Esparta
    • Margarita Island
Handbook of Mineralogy
  • Abyan Governorate
    • Lawdar District
Le Bas, M.J., Ba-bttat, M.A.O., Taylor, R.N., Milton, J.A., Windley, B.F., Evins, P.M. (2004) The carbonatite-marble dykes of Abyan Province, Yemen Republic: the mixing of mantle and crustal carbonate materials revealed by isotope and trace element analysis. Mineralogy and Petrology, 82, 105–135.
  • Midlands
    • Zvishavane District
      • Zvishavane (Shabani; Shabanie; Shavani)
矿物 and/or 产地  
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