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Willyamite

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About WillyamiteHide

Formula:
CoSbS
May contain variable amounts of Ni substituting for Co.
Colour:
Tin-white, steel-gray
Lustre:
Metallic
Hardness:
5 - 5½
Specific Gravity:
6.76
Member of:
Name:
For the type locality, Willyama Township, New South Wales, Australia.

Classification of WillyamiteHide

Approved, 'Grandfathered' (first described prior to 1959)
2.EB.25

2 : SULFIDES and SULFOSALTS (sulfides, selenides, tellurides; arsenides, antimonides, bismuthides; sulfarsenites, sulfantimonites, sulfbismuthites, etc.)
E : Metal Sulfides, M: S <= 1:2
B : M:S = 1:2, with Fe, Co, Ni, PGE, etc.
2.12.3.4

2 : SULFIDES
12 : AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 1:2
3.11.39

3 : Sulphides, Selenides, Tellurides, Arsenides and Bismuthides (except the arsenides, antimonides and bismuthides of Cu, Ag and Au, which are included in Section 1)
11 : Sulphides etc. of Ni

Physical Properties of WillyamiteHide

Metallic
Transparency:
Opaque
Colour:
Tin-white, steel-gray
Hardness:
5 - 5½ on Mohs scale
Comment:
Slightly harder than ullmannite.
Tenacity:
Brittle
Fracture:
Irregular/Uneven
Density:
6.76(3) g/cm3 (Measured)    

Chemical Properties of WillyamiteHide

Formula:
CoSbS

May contain variable amounts of Ni substituting for Co.
Common Impurities:
Fe,As

Crystallography of WillyamiteHide

Cell Parameters:
a = 5.86 Å
Z:
4
Morphology:
Zoned crystals to several mm.
Comment:
Symmetry and space group unknown, but probably monoclinic or triclinic. Pseudocubic; a ~ b ~ c within error limits.

Geological EnvironmentHide

Geological Setting:
Calcite - siderite veins.

Type Occurrence of WillyamiteHide

General Appearance of Type Material:
Crystals several mm on a side, showing zonal growth patterns.
Place of Conservation of Type Material:
National Museum of Natural History, Washington, D.C., USA, R849A.
Associated Minerals at Type Locality:

Other Language Names for WillyamiteHide

Relationship of Willyamite to other SpeciesHide

Member of:
Other Members of this group:
ChangchengiteIrBiSIso.
CobaltiteCoAsSOrth. mm2 : Pca21
GersdorffiteNiAsSIso. m3 (2/m 3) : Pa3
Hollingworthite(Rh,Pt,Pd)AsSIso. m3 (2/m 3)
Irarsite(Ir,Ru,Rh,Pt)AsSIso.
JolliffeiteNiAsSeIso. m3 (2/m 3) : Pa3
KalungaitePdAsSeIso. m3 (2/m 3) : Pa3
MaslovitePtBiTeIso. 2 3 : P21 3
MayingiteIrBiTeIso. m3 (2/m 3) : Pa3
MicheneritePdBiTeIso. 2 3 : P21 3
MilotaitePdSbSeIso. 2 3 : P21 3
PadmaitePdBiSeIso.
PlatarsitePtAsSIso.
TestibiopalladitePdTe(Sb,Te)Iso.
TolovkiteIrSbSIso.
UllmanniteNiSbSIso. 2 3 : P21 3
Forms a series with:

Common AssociatesHide

Related Minerals - Nickel-Strunz GroupingHide

2.EB.05aAurostibiteAuSb2Iso. m3 (2/m 3) : Pa3
2.EB.05bBambollaiteCu(Se,Te)2Tet.
2.EB.05aCattieriteCoS2Iso. m3 (2/m 3) : Pa3
2.EB.05aErlichmaniteOsS2Iso. m3 (2/m 3) : Pa3
2.EB.05aFukuchiliteCu3FeS8Iso. m3 (2/m 3) : Pa3
2.EB.05aGeversitePtSb2Iso. m3 (2/m 3) : Pa3
2.EB.05aHaueriteMnS2Iso. m3 (2/m 3) : Pa3
2.EB.05aInsizwaitePt(Bi,Sb)2Iso. m3 (2/m 3) : Pa3
2.EB.05aKrut'aiteCuSe2Iso. m3 (2/m 3) : Pa3
2.EB.05aLauriteRuS2Iso. m3 (2/m 3) : Pa3
2.EB.05aPenroseite(Ni,Co,Cu)Se2Iso. m3 (2/m 3) : Pa3
2.EB.05aPyriteFeS2Iso. m3 (2/m 3) : Pa3
2.EB.05aSperrylitePtAs2Iso. m3 (2/m 3) : Pa3
2.EB.05aTrogtaliteCoSe2Iso. m3 (2/m 3) : Pa3
2.EB.05aVaesiteNiS2Iso. m3 (2/m 3) : Pa3
2.EB.05aVillamaninite(Cu,Ni,Co,Fe)S2Tric.
2.EB.05aDzharkeniteFeSe2Iso. m3 (2/m 3) : Pa3
2.EB.05aGaotaiiteIr3Te8Iso.
2.EB.10bAlloclasiteCo1-xFexAsSMon. 2 : P21
2.EB.10dCostibiteCoSbSOrth. mm2 : Pmn21
2.EB.10aFerroseliteFeSe2Orth. mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m) : Pnnm
2.EB.10aFrohbergiteFeTe2Orth. mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m) : Pnnm
2.EB.10cGlaucodot(Co0.50Fe0.50)AsSOrth. mm2 : Pmn21
2.EB.10aKulleruditeNiSe2Orth. mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m) : Pnnm
2.EB.10aMarcasiteFeS2Orth. mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m) : Pnnm
2.EB.10aMattagamiteCoTe2Orth.
2.EB.10eParacostibiteCoSbSOrth.
2.EB.10ePararammelsbergiteNiAs2Orth. mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m) : Pbca
2.EB.10fOeniteCoSbAsOrth.
2.EB.15aAnduoite(Ru,Os)As2Orth.
2.EB.15aClinosaffloriteCoAs2Mon. 2/m : P21/m
2.EB.15aLöllingiteFeAs2Orth. mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m) : Pnnm
2.EB.15aNisbiteNiSb2Orth.
2.EB.15aOmeiite(Os,Ru)As2Orth.
2.EB.15cPaxiteCuAs2Mon.
2.EB.15aRammelsbergiteNiAs2Orth. mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m) : Pnnm
2.EB.15aSafflorite(Co,Ni,Fe)As2Orth. mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m) : Pnnm
2.EB.15bSeinäjokite(Fe,Ni)(Sb,As)2Orth.
2.EB.20ArsenopyriteFeAsSMon. 2/m : P21/b
2.EB.20GudmunditeFeSbSMon. 2/m : P21/b
2.EB.20Osarsite(Os,Ru)AsSMon.
2.EB.20Ruarsite(Ru,Os)AsSMon.
2.EB.25CobaltiteCoAsSOrth. mm2 : Pca21
2.EB.25GersdorffiteNiAsSIso. m3 (2/m 3) : Pa3
2.EB.25Hollingworthite(Rh,Pt,Pd)AsSIso. m3 (2/m 3)
2.EB.25Irarsite(Ir,Ru,Rh,Pt)AsSIso.
2.EB.25JolliffeiteNiAsSeIso. m3 (2/m 3) : Pa3
2.EB.25KrutoviteNiAs2Iso.
2.EB.25MaslovitePtBiTeIso. 2 3 : P21 3
2.EB.25MicheneritePdBiTeIso. 2 3 : P21 3
2.EB.25PadmaitePdBiSeIso.
2.EB.25PlatarsitePtAsSIso.
2.EB.25TestibiopalladitePdTe(Sb,Te)Iso.
2.EB.25TolovkiteIrSbSIso.
2.EB.25UllmanniteNiSbSIso. 2 3 : P21 3
2.EB.25ChangchengiteIrBiSIso.
2.EB.25MayingiteIrBiTeIso. m3 (2/m 3) : Pa3
2.EB.25Hollingsworthite(Rh,Pt,Pd)AsS
2.EB.25KalungaitePdAsSeIso. m3 (2/m 3) : Pa3
2.EB.25MilotaitePdSbSeIso. 2 3 : P21 3
2.EB.30UrvantsevitePd(Bi,Pb)2Tet.
2.EB.35RheniiteReS2Tric.

Related Minerals - Dana Grouping (8th Ed.)Hide

2.12.3.1CobaltiteCoAsSOrth. mm2 : Pca21
2.12.3.2GersdorffiteNiAsSIso. m3 (2/m 3) : Pa3
2.12.3.3UllmanniteNiSbSIso. 2 3 : P21 3
2.12.3.5TolovkiteIrSbSIso.
2.12.3.6PlatarsitePtAsSIso.
2.12.3.7Irarsite(Ir,Ru,Rh,Pt)AsSIso.
2.12.3.8Hollingworthite(Rh,Pt,Pd)AsSIso. m3 (2/m 3)
2.12.3.9JolliffeiteNiAsSeIso. m3 (2/m 3) : Pa3
2.12.3.10PadmaitePdBiSeIso.
2.12.3.11MicheneritePdBiTeIso. 2 3 : P21 3
2.12.3.12MaslovitePtBiTeIso. 2 3 : P21 3
2.12.3.13TestibiopalladitePdTe(Sb,Te)Iso.

Related Minerals - Hey's Chemical Index of Minerals GroupingHide

3.11.1HeazlewooditeNi3S2Trig. 3 2 : R3 2
3.11.2Godlevskite(Ni,Fe)9S8Orth. 2 2 2 : C2 2 2
3.11.3MilleriteNiSTrig. 3m : R3m
3.11.4PolydymiteNi2+Ni3+2S4Iso.
3.11.5VaesiteNiS2Iso. m3 (2/m 3) : Pa3
3.11.6ShanditeNi3Pb2S2Trig.
3.11.7DonharrisiteNi3HgS3Mon. 2/m : B2/m
3.11.8ViolariteFe2+Ni3+2S4Iso.
3.11.9Pentlandite(FexNiy)Σ9S8Iso. m3m (4/m 3 2/m) : Fm3m
3.11.10Bravoite(Fe,Ni)S2Iso. m3 (2/m 3) : Pa3
3.11.11SiegeniteCoNi2S4Iso. m3m (4/m 3 2/m) : Fd3m
3.11.12FletcheriteCu(Ni,Co)2S4Iso. m3m (4/m 3 2/m) : Fd3m
3.11.13Villamaninite(Cu,Ni,Co,Fe)S2Tric.
3.11.14Mäkineniteγ-NiSeTrig.
3.11.15Sederholmitebeta-NiSeHex. 6/mmm (6/m 2/m 2/m) : P63/mmc
3.11.16TrüstedtiteNi3Se4Iso.
3.11.17WilkmaniteNi3Se4Mon.
3.11.18KulleruditeNiSe2Orth. mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m) : Pnnm
3.11.19Penroseite(Ni,Co,Cu)Se2Iso. m3 (2/m 3) : Pa3
3.11.20TyrrelliteCu(Co3+,Ni3+)2Se4Iso. m3m (4/m 3 2/m) : Fd3m
3.11.21ImgreiteNiTe (?)Hex.
3.11.22MeloniteNiTe2Trig. 3m (3 2/m) : P3m1
3.11.23KitkaiteNiTeSeTrig. 3m (3 2/m) : P3m1
3.11.24DieneriteNi3AsIso. 4 3m : I4 3d
3.11.25OrceliteNi5-xAs2, x ~ 0.25Hex. 6mm : P63mc
3.11.26MaucheriteNi11As8Tet. 4 2 2 : P41 21 2
3.11.27NickelineNiAsHex. 6/mmm (6/m 2/m 2/m) : P63/mcm
3.11.28RammelsbergiteNiAs2Orth. mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m) : Pnnm
3.11.29PararammelsbergiteNiAs2Orth. mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m) : Pbca
3.11.30Nickelskutterudite(Ni,Co,Fe)As3Iso. m3 (2/m 3) : Im3
3.11.31OregoniteNi2FeAs2Hex.
3.11.32Westerveldite(Fe,Ni,Co)AsOrth.
3.11.33Langisite(Co,Ni)AsHex. 6 : P63
3.11.34GersdorffiteNiAsSIso. m3 (2/m 3) : Pa3
3.11.35JolliffeiteNiAsSeIso. m3 (2/m 3) : Pa3
3.11.36BreithauptiteNiSbHex. 6/mmm (6/m 2/m 2/m) : P63/mmc
3.11.38UllmanniteNiSbSIso. 2 3 : P21 3

Other InformationHide

Health Risks:
No information on health risks for this material has been entered into the database. You should always treat mineral specimens with care.

References for WillyamiteHide

Reference List:
Sort by Year (asc) | by Year (desc) | by Author (A-Z) | by Author (Z-A)
Pittman, E.F. (1893): Note on the occurrence of a new mineral at Broken Hill. Proceedings of the Royal Society of New South Wales 27: 366-375.
Cabri, L.J., Harris, D.C., Stewart, J.M., Rowland, J.F. (1970): Willyamite redefined. Proceedings of the Australasian Institute of Mining and Metallurgy 233, 95-100.
American Mineralogist (1971) 56: 361.
Bayliss, P. (1986): Subdivision of the pyrite group and a chemical and x-ray-diffraction investigation of ullmannite. Canadian Mineralogist 24, 27-33.
Dobbe, R.T.M. (1991) Ullmannite, cobaltian ullmannite and willyamite from Tunaberg, Bergslagen, central Sweden. Canadian Mineralogist 29, 199-205.
Weiser, T.W., Kojonen, K.K. and Lodziak, J. (2008): New data of eskolaite, Zn-bearing chromite, willyamite and ullmannite from the Outokumpu mine, eastern Finland. Bulletin of the Geological Society of Finland, 80, 5–18.

Internet Links for WillyamiteHide

Localities for WillyamiteHide

This map shows a selection of localities that have latitude and longitude coordinates recorded. Click on the symbol to view information about a locality. The symbol next to localities in the list can be used to jump to that position on the map.

Locality ListHide

- This locality has map coordinates listed. - This locality has estimated coordinates. ⓘ - Click for further information on this occurrence. ? - Indicates mineral may be doubtful at this locality. - Good crystals or important locality for species. - World class for species or very significant. (TL) - Type Locality for a valid mineral species. (FRL) - First Recorded Locality for everything else (eg varieties). Struck out - Mineral was erroneously reported from this locality. Faded * - Never found at this locality but inferred to have existed at some point in the past (eg from pseudomorphs.)

All localities listed without proper references should be considered as questionable.
Australia
 
  • New South Wales
    • Yancowinna Co.
      • Broken Hill district
        • Broken Hill
Ramdohr, P. (1950): Contributions to Mineralogy and Petrology 2(4), 291-333.
Pittman (1893); Am.Min.:56:361 (1971)(abstract); Rocks & Min.:62:224-225.; L.Lawrence, A.R.Ramsden & I.T.Graham 1999. On oxidation of Dyscrasite and associated minerals of the Consols Lode, Broken Hill, New South Wales. Australian Journal of Mineralogy Vol.5, No.2, Dec.1999, pp. 63-68; Vera Munro-Smith (2006) Cobalt Mineralisation in Selected Australian Deposits. PhD thesis, University of Western Sydney.
Ramdohr, P. (1950): Contributions to Mineralogy and Petrology 2(4), 291-333.
Ramdohr, P. (1950): Contributions to Mineralogy and Petrology 2(4), 291-333.
  • Queensland
No reference listed
    • Mount Isa City Shire
      • Mount Isa
Sielecki, R. (1988) The Mount Isa-Cloncurry mineral field. Mineralogical Record, Vol. 19, pg. 469-490.
Austria
 
  • Salzburg
    • St. Johann im Pongau District
      • Forstau
Kolitsch, U., Schachinger, T., Auer, C., Grill, J. (2019): 2124) Arsenopyrit, Sb-haltiger Bismuthinit, Bornit, Brannerit, S-reicher Clausthalit, Cobaltit, Covellin, Cubanit, teils Se-reicher Galenit, Gold, eine (Au,Ag,Hg)-Legierung (~Au3Ag2Hg), Klinochlor, Kobellit, Limonit, Metatorbernit, Metazeunerit, Monazit-(Ce), Muskovit, Pyrit, Pyrrhotin, Quarz, Rutil, Segnitit, Skorodit, Tetraedrit, Tintinait, Willyamit, Xenotim-(Y), Zirkon und das Se-Analogon von Joséit-A vom Oberhüttensee, Forstautal, Radstätter Tauern, Salzburg – ein Vorbericht. Pp. 278-284 in Walter, F. et al. (2019): Neue Mineralfunde aus Österreich LXVIII. Carinthia II, 209./129., 237-362.
Canada
 
  • Ontario
    • Kenora District
      • Red Lake Gold District
Marsden, S. (2012). GEOLOGY, HYDROTHERMAL ALTERATION AND MINERALIZATION OF THE GOLD EAGLE DEPOSIT: A NEW DISCOVERY IN THE RED LAKE CAMP, CANADA. MS Thesis Queens University, Kingston Ontario
  • Québec
    • Nord-du-Québec
      • Chibougamau mining district
        • Opemisca deposits
Vollo, N. B. (1959). The Geology of the Henderson Copper Deposit Chibougamau Region, Quebec (Master of Science thesis, McGill University).
China
 
  • Shaanxi
    • Baoji
      • Taibai County
Jingwen Mao, Yumin Qiu, Goldfarb, R.J., Zhaochong Zhang, Garwin, S., and Ren Fengshou (2002): Mineralium Deposita 37(3/4), 352-377.
Czech Republic
 
  • Central Bohemian Region
    • Kutná Hora District
      • Zruč nad Sázavou
Brabec, P. (2002) Antimonová mineralizace ve Vlastějovicích. (Unpublished MSc. Thesis), Charles University, Prague (in Czech with English summary) 128pages.
Finland
 
  • North Karelia
    • Outokumpu Cu-Co-Zn-Ni-Ag-Au ore field
Weiser, T.W., Kojonen, K.K. and Lodziak, J. (2008): New data of eskolaite, Zn-bearing chromite, willyamite and ullmannite from the Outokumpu mine, eastern Finland. Bulletin of the Geological Society of Finland, 80, 5–18. [http://www.geologinenseura.fi/bulletin/Volume80/Weiser.pdf]
  • Southwest Finland
    • Somero
Eilu, P. (2003). Exploration for orogenic gold deposits. Fennoscandian Exploration and Mining 2003. Rovaniemi, Finland
Italy
 
  • Sardinia
    • Sassari Province
      • Sassari
Venerandi Pirri I. (1992): Willyamite from the Pb-Zn-Ag-Sb deposit of Argentiera, Nurra, NW Sardinia. Eur. Journ. Mineral., 4, 395-397.; Ara D., Sanna L., Rossi A., Galli E., De Waele J. (2013): Minerali secondari in ambiente sotterraneo: la miniera dell’Argentiera (Sardegna nord-occidentale). In: Cucchi F., Gudi P. (eds.), Atti del XXI Congresso Nazionale di Speleologia “Diffusione delle conoscenze”, Sessione Attività di esplorazione e ricerca. Trieste 2-5 giugno 2011. Edizioni Università di Trieste, Trieste, 290-295.
Kazakhstan
 
  • East Kazakhstan
    • Semey
Kovalev, K.R., Kalinin, Y.A., Naumov, E.A., Pirajno, F., and Borisenko, A.S. (2009): Ore Geology Reviews 35, 186-205.; Kalinin, Y. A., Palyanova, G. A., Bortnikov, N. S., Naumov, E. A., & Kovalev, K. R. (2018) Aggregation and Differentiation of Gold and Silver during the Formation of the Gold-Bearing Weathering Crusts (on the Example of Kazakhstan Deposits). In Doklady Earth Sciences (Vol. 482, No. 1, pp. 1193-1198). Pleiades Publishing.
Norway
 
  • Aust-Agder
    • Vegårshei
Naik, M. S.; Griffin, W.L. & Cabri, L. J. (1976): Contribution to the mineralogy of Norway No. 62: (Co,Ni)SbS phases and argentian boulangerite in galena from Espeland, Norway. Norsk Geologisk Tidsskrift 56: 449-454
Russia
 
  • Magadan Oblast
    • Kolyma River Basin
      • Ducat District
        • Omsukchan
          • Ducat ore field
Bryzgalov, I. A., Krivitskaya, N. N., & Spiridonov, E. M. (2007, November). First finding of nisbite and aurostibite in the eastern Transbaikal region. In Doklady Earth Sciences (Vol. 417, No. 1, pp. 1265-1267). MAIK Nauka/Interperiodica.
  • Zabaykalsky Krai
    • Chitinskaya Oblast
      • Vershino-Darasunskiy
Spiridonov, E. M., Krivitskaya, N. N., Bryzgalov, I. A., Kulikova, I. M., & Gorodetskaya, M. D. (2010, December). Bismuth-rich aurostibite: A product of maldonite replacement in a volcanogenic-plutonogenic Darasun deposit (Eastern Transbaikalia). In Doklady Earth Sciences (Vol. 435, No. 2, pp. 1611-1613). MAIK Nauka/Interperiodica.
Slovakia
 
  • Banská Bystrica Region
    • Poltár District
Maťo,Ľ., Maťová, 1994: Mineralizácia v okolí Ozdína, výskyt zlata s obsahom Sb-Ni v tmavých bridliciach, JZ časti veporského kryštalinika (stredné Slovensko). Min.Slovaca, 26,1,30 – 37
    • Rimavská Sobota District
Koděra et all.,1990: Topografická mineralógia Slovenska, I-III, 1590p
Ragan M., 1989: Mineralogická, geochemická a paragenetická charakteristika sulfidickej mineralizácie v oblasti Hnúšte (veporikum). Manuscript, Archive ŠGÚDŠ, Bratislava, 199 p. (in Slovak)
  • Košice Region
    • Rožňava Co.
Koděra et all.,1990: Topografická mineralógia Slovenska, I-III, 1590p
Koděra et all.,1990: Topografická mineralógia Slovenska, I-III, 1590p
Sweden
 
  • Gävleborg County
    • Ljusdal
Nysten, P. & Annersten, H. (1984): The gold mineralization at Enåsen, central Sweden. Geologiska Foereningens i Stockholm Foerhandlingar 106, 245-256.
  • Örebro County
    • Lindesberg
No reference listed
  • Södermanland County
    • Nyköping
      • Tunaberg
Dobbe, R. T. M. (1991): Ullmannite, cobaltian ullmannite and willyamite from Tunaberg, Bergslagen, central Sweden, The Canadian Mineralogist. 29, 199-205
Tanzania
 
  • Tabora Region
    • Lake Victoria Goldfield
      • Nzega District
Vos, I.M.A. et al. (2009): The geology and mineralization at the Golden Pride gold deposit, Nzega Greenstone Belt, Tanzania. Mineralium Deposita 44, 751-764.
 
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