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Wicksite

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About WicksiteHide

Formula:
NaCa2(Fe2+,Mn2+)4MgFe3+(PO4)6 · 2H2O
Colour:
Dark blue, dark green, black
Lustre:
Sub-Metallic
Hardness:
4½ - 5
Specific Gravity:
3.54
Crystal System:
Orthorhombic
Member of:
Name:
Named in 1981 by Bozidar Darko Sturman, Donald R. Peacor, and Pete J. Dunn in honor of Frederick John Wicks (b. 1937), Curator of Mineralogy of the Royal Ontario Museum, Toronto, and a specialist in the investigations of the serpentine-group minerals.
Wicksite Group. The M(3)Fe analogue of maneckiite. A possible Mn analogue is coded as 'UM1985-09-PO:CaFeHMn'.


Classification of WicksiteHide

Approved
Approval Year:
1979
8.CF.05

8 : PHOSPHATES, ARSENATES, VANADATES
C : Phosphates without additional anions, with H2O
F : With large and medium-sized cations, RO4:H2O > 1:1
40.2.10.1

40 : HYDRATED NORMAL PHOSPHATES,ARSENATES AND VANADATES
2 : AB2(XO4)2·xH2O
19.12.32

19 : Phosphates
12 : Phosphates of Mn

Physical Properties of WicksiteHide

Sub-Metallic
Transparency:
Opaque
Colour:
Dark blue, dark green, black
Streak:
Green
Hardness:
4½ - 5 on Mohs scale
Cleavage:
Distinct/Good
Good on {010}
Density:
3.54(2) g/cm3 (Measured)    3.58 g/cm3 (Calculated)

Optical Data of WicksiteHide

Type:
Biaxial (+)
RI values:
nα = 1.713(3) nβ = 1.718(3) nγ = 1.728(3)
2V:
Measured: 66° (2), Calculated: 72°
Max Birefringence:
δ = 0.015
Image shows birefringence interference colour range (at 30µm thickness)
and does not take into account mineral colouration.
Surface Relief:
High
Dispersion:
r < v strong
Pleochroism:
Strong
Comments:
X= blue
Y= greenish blue
Z= pale yellowish brown

Chemical Properties of WicksiteHide

Formula:
NaCa2(Fe2+,Mn2+)4MgFe3+(PO4)6 · 2H2O
IMA Formula:
NaCa2Fe2+2(Fe3+,Mn2+,Fe2+)4(PO4)6 · 2H2O

Crystallography of WicksiteHide

Crystal System:
Orthorhombic
Class (H-M):
mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m) - Dipyramidal
Cell Parameters:
a = 12.907(2) Å, b = 12.524(1) Å, c = 11.646(2) Å
Ratio:
a:b:c = 1.031 : 1 : 0.93
Unit Cell V:
1,882.54 ų (Calculated from Unit Cell)
Z:
4
Morphology:
Crystals are platy, granular, massive

Geological EnvironmentHide

Geological Setting:
Nodules in shale bed in iron formation

Type Occurrence of WicksiteHide

Place of Conservation of Type Material:
ROM Toronto M37364

Synonyms of WicksiteHide

Other Language Names for WicksiteHide

German:Wicksit
Russian:Виксит
Simplified Chinese:魏磷石
Spanish:Wicksita

Relationship of Wicksite to other SpeciesHide

Member of:
Other Members of this group:
BederiteCa2(Mn2+)4(Fe3+)2(PO4)6 · 2H2OOrth.
GrischuniteNaCa2Mn2+5Fe3+(AsO4)6 · 2H2OOrth.
Maneckiite(Na◻)Ca2Fe2+2(Fe3+Mg)Mn2(PO4)6 · 2H2OOrth. mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m) : Pbca
Tassieite(Na,◻)Ca2(Mg,Fe2+,Fe3+)2(Fe2+,Mg)2(Fe3+,Mg)2(PO4)6 · 2H2OOrth. mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m) : Pbca

Common AssociatesHide

Associated Minerals Based on Photo Data:
5 photos of Wicksite associated with MarićiteNaFe2+(PO4)
4 photos of Wicksite associated with PyriteFeS2
2 photos of Wicksite associated with Satterlyite(Fe2+,Mg,Fe)12(PO4)5(PO3OH)(OH,O)6

Related Minerals - Nickel-Strunz GroupingHide

8.CF.EspadaiteNa4Ca3Mg2[AsO3(OH)]2[AsO2(OH)2]10·7H2OOrth. mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m) : Ccca
8.CF.05GrischuniteNaCa2Mn2+5Fe3+(AsO4)6 · 2H2OOrth.
8.CF.05BederiteCa2(Mn2+)4(Fe3+)2(PO4)6 · 2H2OOrth.
8.CF.05Tassieite(Na,◻)Ca2(Mg,Fe2+,Fe3+)2(Fe2+,Mg)2(Fe3+,Mg)2(PO4)6 · 2H2OOrth. mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m) : Pbca
8.CF.10HaigerachiteKFe3+3(HPO4)2(H2PO4)6 · 4H2OMon. 2/m : B2/b

Related Minerals - Hey's Chemical Index of Minerals GroupingHide

19.12.1MetaswitzeriteMn2+3(PO4)2 · 4H2OMon. 2/m : P2/b
19.12.2BermaniteMn2+Mn3+2(PO4)2(OH)2 · 4H2OMon. 2/m : P2/b
19.12.3NatrophiliteNaMn2+PO4Orth. mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m) : Pmna
19.12.4SidorenkiteNa3Mn2+(CO3)(PO4)Mon.
19.12.5Niahite(NH4)(Mn2+,Mg)(PO4) · H2OOrth. mm2 : Pmn21
19.12.6RobertsiteCa2Mn3+3(PO4)3O2 · 3H2OMon. m : Bb
19.12.7PararobertsiteCa2Mn3+3(PO4)3O2 · 3H2OMon. 2/m : P21/b
19.12.8SinkankasiteMn2+Al(PO3OH)2(OH) · 6H2OTric.
19.12.9MangangordoniteMn2+Al2(PO4)2(OH)2 · 8H2OTric.
19.12.10Heterosite(Fe3+,Mn3+)PO4Orth. mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m) : Pmna
19.12.11PurpuriteMn3+(PO4)Orth. mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m) : Pmna
19.12.12Wolfeite(Fe2+,Mn2+)2(PO4)(OH)Mon. 2/m : P21/b
19.12.13Triploidite(Mn2+,Fe2+)2(PO4)(OH)Mon. 2/m : P2/b
19.12.14LipscombiteFe2+Fe3+2(PO4)2(OH)2Tet.
19.12.15FrondeliteMn2+Fe3+4(PO4)3(OH)5Orth. 2 2 2 : C2 2 21
19.12.16RockbridgeiteFe2+Fe3+4(PO4)3(OH)5Orth. mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m)
19.12.17Kryzhanovskite(Fe3+,Mn2+)3(PO4)2(OH,H2O)3Orth.
19.12.18LandesiteMn2+3-xFe3+x(PO4)2(OH)x · (3-x)H2OOrth.
19.12.19Phosphoferrite(Fe2+,Mn2+)3(PO4)2 · 3H2OOrth. mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m) : Pmna
19.12.20Reddingite(Mn2+,Fe2+)3(PO4)2 · 3H2OOrth. mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m) : Pmna
19.12.21EarlshannoniteMn2+Fe3+2(PO4)2(OH)2 · 4H2OMon.
19.12.22Hureaulite(Mn,Fe)5(PO4)2(HPO4)2 · 4H2OMon. 2/m : B2/b
19.12.23SwitzeriteMn2+3(PO4)2 · 7H2OMon.
19.12.24LaueiteMn2+Fe3+2(PO4)2(OH)2 · 8H2OTric. 1 : P1
19.12.25PseudolaueiteMn2+Fe3+2(PO4)2(OH)2 · 8H2OMon. 2/m : P21/b
19.12.26StrunziteMn2+Fe3+2(PO4)2(OH)2 · 6H2OTric. 1 : P1
19.12.27StewartiteMn2+Fe3+2(PO4)2(OH)2 · 8H2OTric. 1 : P1
19.12.28Alluaudite(Na,Ca)Mn2+(Fe3+,Mn2+,Fe2+,Mg)2(PO4)3Mon.
19.12.29Ferroalluaudite(Na,Ca)Fe2+(Fe3+,Mn2+,Fe2+)2(PO4)3Mon. 2/m : B2/b
19.12.30Fillowite{Mn2+}{Na8}{Ca4Na4}{(Mn2+,Fe2+)43}(PO4)36Trig. 3 : R3
19.12.31JohnsomervilleiteNa10Ca6Mg18Fe25(PO4)36Trig.
19.12.33Dickinsonite-(KMnNa){KNa}{Mn2+◻}{Ca}{Na3}{Mn2+13}{Al}(PO4)12(OH)2Mon. 2/m : B2/b
19.12.34Sarcopside(Fe2+,Mn2+,Mg)3(PO4)2Mon. 2/m : P21/b
19.12.35LudlamiteFe2+3(PO4)2 · 4H2OMon. 2/m : P21/b
19.12.36GraftoniteFe2+Fe2+2(PO4)2Mon. 2/m : P21/b
19.12.37WilhelmvierlingiteCaMnFe3+(PO4)2(OH) · 2H2OOrth.
19.12.38FairfielditeCa2Mn2+(PO4)2 · 2H2OTric. 1 : P1
19.12.39BeusiteMn2+Mn2+2 (PO4)2Mon.
19.12.40MesseliteCa2Fe2+(PO4)2 · 2H2OTric. 1 : P1
19.12.41Jahnsite-(CaMnFe){Ca}{Mn2+}{Fe2+2}{Fe3+2}(PO4)4(OH)2 · 8H2OMon. 2/m : P2/b
19.12.42Jahnsite-(CaMnMn){Ca}{Mn2+}{Mn2+2}{Fe3+2}(PO4)4(OH)2 · 8H2OMon. 2/m : P2/b
19.12.43Jahnsite-(CaMnMg){Ca}{Mn2+}{(Mg,Fe2+)2}{Fe3+2}(PO4)4(OH)2 · 8H2OMon. 2/m : P2/b
19.12.44KeckiteCaMn2+(Fe3+Mn2+)Fe3+2(PO4)4(OH)3 · 7H2OMon. 2/m : P2/b
19.12.45StanfielditeCa4Mg5(PO4)6Mon.
19.12.46Laubmannite(Fe2+,Mn2+,Ca)3Fe3+6(PO4)4(OH)12
19.12.47ZodaciteCa4Mn2+Fe3+4(PO4)6(OH)4 · 12H2OMon.
19.12.48HagendorfiteNaCaMn2+Fe2+2(PO4)3Mon. 2/m : B2/b
19.12.49Maghagendorfite(□,Na,)(Na,Ca,Fe2+)Mn(Mg,Fe2+,Fe3+)3(PO4)3Mon.
19.12.50VaruliteNaCaMn2+Mn2+2(PO4)3Mon. 2/m : B2/b
19.12.51GriphiteNa4Li2Ca6(Mn2+,Fe2+,Mg)19Al8(PO4)24(F,OH)8Iso. m3 (2/m 3) : Pa3
19.12.52Attakolite(Ca,Sr)Mn(Al,Fe)4(HPO4,PO4)3(SiO4,PO4)(OH)4Mon. 2/m : B2/m
19.12.53Arrojadite-(KFe){KNa}{Fe2+◻}{Ca}{Na2◻}{Fe2+13}{Al}(PO4)11(HPO4)(OH)2Mon.
19.12.54Lun'okite(Mn,Ca)(Mg,Fe,Mn)Al(PO4)2OH · 4H2OOrth. mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m) : Pbca
19.12.55EosphoriteMn2+Al(PO4)(OH)2 · H2OOrth. mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m) : Cmca
19.12.56Ernstite(Mn2+,Fe3+)Al(PO4)(OH,O)2 · H2OMon.
19.12.57ChildreniteFe2+Al(PO4)(OH)2 · H2OOrth. mm2 : Ccc2
19.12.58BobfergusoniteNa2Mn5FeAl(PO4)6Mon. 2/m : P2/b
19.12.59QingheiiteNaMn3+Mg(Al,Fe3+)(PO4)3Mon. 2/m : P21/b
19.12.60Whiteite-(CaFeMg){Ca}{(Fe2+,Mn2+)}{Mg2}{Al2}(PO4)4(OH)2 · 8H2OMon. 2/m : P21/b
19.12.61Whiteite-(CaMnMg){Ca}{Mn2+}{Mg2}{Al2}(PO4)4(OH)2 · 8H2OMon. 2/m
19.12.62Whiteite-(MnFeMg){(Mn2+,Ca)}{(Fe2+,Mn2+)}{Mg2}{Al2}(PO4)4(OH)2 · 8H2OMon. 2/m : P21/b
19.12.63Rittmannite{(Mn2+,Ca)}{Mn2+}{(Fe2+,Mn2+,Mg)2}{(Al,Fe3+)2}(PO4)4(OH)2 · 8H2OMon.
19.12.64ZanazziiteCa2Mg5Be4(PO4)6(OH)4 · 6H2OMon. 2/m : B2/b
19.12.65Samuelsonite(Ca,Ba)Ca8Fe2+2Mn2+2Al2(PO4)10(OH)2Mon. 2/m : B2/m

Other InformationHide

Health Risks:
No information on health risks for this material has been entered into the database. You should always treat mineral specimens with care.

References for WicksiteHide

Reference List:
Sort by Year (asc) | by Year (desc) | by Author (A-Z) | by Author (Z-A)
STURMAN, B.D., PEACOR, D.R. & DUNN, P.J. (1981): Wicksite, a new mineral from northeastern Yukon Territory. Canadian Mineralogist 19, 377-380.
COOPER, M.A. & HAWTHORNE, F.C. (1997): The crystal structure of wicksite. Canadian Mineralogist 35, 777-784.
ROBINSON, G.W., VAN VELTHUIZEN, J., ANSELL, H.G. & STURMAN, B.D. (1992): Mineralogy of the Rapid Creek and Big Fish River area Yukon Territory. Mineralogical Record 23, 1-47.

Internet Links for WicksiteHide

Localities for WicksiteHide

This map shows a selection of localities that have latitude and longitude coordinates recorded. Click on the symbol to view information about a locality. The symbol next to localities in the list can be used to jump to that position on the map.

Locality ListHide

- This locality has map coordinates listed. - This locality has estimated coordinates. ⓘ - Click for further information on this occurrence. ? - Indicates mineral may be doubtful at this locality. - Good crystals or important locality for species. - World class for species or very significant. (TL) - Type Locality for a valid mineral species. (FRL) - First Recorded Locality for everything else (eg varieties). Struck out - Mineral was erroneously reported from this locality. Faded * - Never found at this locality but inferred to have existed at some point in the past (eg from pseudomorphs.)

All localities listed without proper references should be considered as questionable.
Canada (TL)
 
  • Yukon
    • Dawson mining district
STURMAN, B.D., PEACOR, D.R. & DUNN, P.J. (1981): Wicksite, a new mineral from northeastern Yukon Territory. Canadian Mineralogist 19, 377-380. COOPER, M.A. & HAWTHORNE, F.C. (1997): The crystal structure of wicksite. Canadian Mineralogist 35, 777-784.
Robinson, G.W., Van Velthuizen, J., Ansell, H.G. & Sturman, B.D. (1992): Mineralogy of the Rapid Creek and Big Fish River area, Yukon Territory. Mineralogical Record 23, 1-47.
Grice, Joel D. (1989) Unexpected Treasures from Rapid Creek, Yukon Territory. In: Famous mineral localities of Canada. Published by Fitzhenry & Whiteside Limited & the National Museum of Natural Sciences, 190 pages: 31-39; 150-152.
Sweden
 
  • Värmland County
    • Torsby
Grensman, F.(1989): Hålsjøberg- En fyndortsbeskrivning. NAGS-nytt 16(3), 24-27
USA
 
  • South Dakota
    • Custer Co.
      • Custer Mining District
        • Custer
Rocks & Min.:60:117.
 
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