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Whitlockite

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About WhitlockiteHide

07002310014946581774014.jpg
Herbert P. Whitlock
Formula:
Ca9Mg(PO4)6(HPO4)
Colour:
Colourless, grey-white, light pink, light yellow; colourless in transmitted light.
Lustre:
Vitreous, Resinous
Hardness:
5
Specific Gravity:
3.12
Crystal System:
Trigonal
Name:
Named after Herbert Percy Whitlock (31 July 1868, New York City, New York, USA - 22 February 1948), Curator of Minerals, American Museum of Natural History, New York (USA).
Whitlockite Group.
Structurally related to wopmayite.

All non-terrestrial whitlockites are actually merrillite (Dowty, 1977).

Visit gemdat.org for gemological information about Whitlockite.


Classification of WhitlockiteHide

Approved, 'Grandfathered' (first described prior to 1959)
8.AC.45

8 : PHOSPHATES, ARSENATES, VANADATES
A : Phosphates, etc. without additional anions, without H2O
C : With medium-sized and large cations
38.3.4.1

38 : ANHYDROUS NORMAL PHOSPHATES, ARSENATES, AND VANADATES
3 : (AB)3(XO4)2
19.4.8

19 : Phosphates
4 : Phosphates of Ca

Physical Properties of WhitlockiteHide

Vitreous, Resinous
Transparency:
Transparent, Translucent
Colour:
Colourless, grey-white, light pink, light yellow; colourless in transmitted light.
Hardness:
Tenacity:
Brittle
Cleavage:
None Observed
Fracture:
Irregular/Uneven, Sub-Conchoidal
Density:
3.12 g/cm3 (Measured)    3.102 g/cm3 (Calculated)

Optical Data of WhitlockiteHide

Type:
Uniaxial (-)
RI values:
nω = 1.629 nε = 1.626
Max Birefringence:
δ = 0.003
Image shows birefringence interference colour range (at 30µm thickness)
and does not take into account mineral colouration.
Surface Relief:
Moderate

Chemical Properties of WhitlockiteHide

Formula:
Ca9Mg(PO4)6(HPO4)
IMA Formula:
Ca9Mg(PO3F)(PO4)6

Crystallography of WhitlockiteHide

Crystal System:
Trigonal
Class (H-M):
3m - Ditrigonal Pyramidal
Space Group:
R3c
Cell Parameters:
a = 10.33 Å, c = 37.103(5) Å
Ratio:
a:c = 1 : 3.592
Unit Cell V:
3,428.79 ų (Calculated from Unit Cell)
Z:
3
Morphology:
Crystals exhibit rhombohedral development; rarely tabular {0001}. Coarse-granular to earthy. Cave pearls.

X-Ray Powder DiffractionHide

Image Loading

Radiation - Copper Kα
Data Set:
Data courtesy of RRUFF project at University of Arizona, used with permission.

Geological EnvironmentHide

Geological Setting:
Pegmatites; phosphate-rock deposits.

Type Occurrence of WhitlockiteHide

Place of Conservation of Type Material:
Harvard University 95030
Geological Setting of Type Material:
Pegmatite
Associated Minerals at Type Locality:

Synonyms of WhitlockiteHide

Other Language Names for WhitlockiteHide

Varieties of WhitlockiteHide

Martinite (of Kloos)A carbonate-bearing variety of whitlockite.
ZeugiteA carbonate-bearing Whitlockite.

Relationship of Whitlockite to other SpeciesHide

Other Members of this group:
FerromerrilliteCa9NaFe2+(PO4)7Trig. 3m : R3c
Hedegaardite(Ca,Na)9(Ca,Na)Mg(PO4)6(PO3OH)Trig. 3m : R3c
MatyhiteCa18(Ca,□)2Fe2+2(PO4)14Trig. 3m : R3c
MerrilliteCa9NaMg(PO4)7Trig. 3m : R3m
StrontiowhitlockiteSr9Mg(PO4)6(HPO4)Trig. 3m : R3c
TuiteCa3(PO4)2Trig. 3m (3 2/m) : R3m

Common AssociatesHide

Associated Minerals Based on Photo Data:
26 photos of Whitlockite associated with MontgomeryiteCa4MgAl4(PO4)6(OH)4 · 12H2O
11 photos of Whitlockite associated with RobertsiteCa2Mn3+3(PO4)3O2 · 3H2O
8 photos of Whitlockite associated with LaueiteMn2+Fe3+2(PO4)2(OH)2 · 8H2O
8 photos of Whitlockite associated with FairfielditeCa2Mn2+(PO4)2 · 2H2O
8 photos of Whitlockite associated with AlbiteNa(AlSi3O8)
8 photos of Whitlockite associated with StrunziteMn2+Fe3+2(PO4)2(OH)2 · 6H2O
5 photos of Whitlockite associated with Gormanite(Fe2+,Mg)3(Al,Fe3+)4(PO4)4(OH)6 · 2H2O
5 photos of Whitlockite associated with MitridatiteCa2Fe3+3(PO4)3O2 · 3H2O
5 photos of Whitlockite associated with FluorapatiteCa5(PO4)3F
4 photos of Whitlockite associated with KulaniteBa(Fe2+,Mn2+,Mg)2(Al,Fe3+)2(PO4)3(OH)3

Related Minerals - Nickel-Strunz GroupingHide

8.AC.AngarfiteNaFe3+5(PO4)4(OH)4·4H2O Orth. 2 2 2 : C2 2 21
8.AC.WopmayiteCa6Na3□Mn(PO4)3(PO3OH)4Trig. 3m : R3c
8.AC.EdtolliteK2NaCu5Fe3+O2(AsO4)4Tric. 1 : P1
8.AC.AlumoedtolliteK2NaCu5AlO2(AsO4)4Tric. 1 : P1
8.AC.05HowardevansiteNaCuFe2(VO4)3Tric. 1 : P1
8.AC.10Alluaudite(Na,Ca)Mn2+(Fe3+,Mn2+,Fe2+,Mg)2(PO4)3Mon.
8.AC.10Arseniopleite(Ca,Na)NaMn2+(Mn2+,Mg,Fe2+)2(AsO4)3Mon. 2/m : P2/b
8.AC.10Caryinite(Na,Pb)(Ca,Na)CaMn2+2(AsO4)3Mon. 2/m
8.AC.10Ferroalluaudite(Na,Ca)Fe2+(Fe3+,Mn2+,Fe2+)2(PO4)3Mon. 2/m : B2/b
8.AC.10HagendorfiteNaCaMn2+Fe2+2(PO4)3Mon. 2/m : B2/b
8.AC.10JohilleriteNa(Mg,Zn)3Cu(AsO4)3Mon. 2/m : B2/b
8.AC.10Maghagendorfite(□,Na,)(Na,Ca,Fe2+)Mn(Mg,Fe2+,Fe3+)3(PO4)3Mon.
8.AC.10NickenichiteNa0.8Ca0.4Cu0.4(Mg,Fe)3(AsO4)3Mon. 2/m : B2/b
8.AC.10VaruliteNaCaMn2+Mn2+2(PO4)3Mon. 2/m : B2/b
8.AC.10FerrohagendorfiteNaCaFe2+Fe2+2(PO4)3Mon.
8.AC.10BradaczekiteNaCu4(AsO4)3Mon. 2/m : B2/b
8.AC.10YazganiteNaFe3+2(Mg,Mn2+)(AsO4)3 · H2OMon. 2/m : B2/b
8.AC.10GroatiteNaCaMn2(PO4)(HPO4)2Mon. 2/m : B2/b
8.AC.15BobfergusoniteNa2Mn5FeAl(PO4)6Mon. 2/m : P2/b
8.AC.15Ferrowyllieite(Na,Ca,Mn)(Fe,Mn)(Fe,Fe,Mg)Al(PO4)3Mon. 2/m : P21/b
8.AC.15QingheiiteNaMn3+Mg(Al,Fe3+)(PO4)3Mon. 2/m : P21/b
8.AC.15Rosemaryite(Na,Ca,Mn)(Mn,Fe2+)(Fe3+,Mg)Al(PO4)3Mon. 2/m : P21/b
8.AC.15Wyllieite(Na,Ca,Mn)(Mn,Fe)(Fe,Mg)Al(PO4)3Mon. 2/m
8.AC.15Ferrorosemaryite◻NaFe2+Fe3+Al(PO4)3Mon.
8.AC.15Qingheiite-(Fe2+)Na2Fe2+MgAl(PO4)3Mon. 2/m : P21/m
8.AC.18ManitobaiteNa16Mn2+25Al8(PO4)30Mon. m : Pb
8.AC.20MarićiteNaFe2+(PO4)Orth. mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m) : Pmna
8.AC.25Berzeliite(NaCa2)Mg2(AsO4)3Iso. m3m (4/m 3 2/m) : Ia3d
8.AC.25ManganberzeliiteNaCa2Mn2+2(AsO4)3Iso. m3m (4/m 3 2/m) : Ia3d
8.AC.25Palenzonaite(NaCa2)Mn2+2(VO4)3Iso. m3m (4/m 3 2/m) : Ia3d
8.AC.25SchäferiteCa2NaMg2(VO4)3Iso.
8.AC.30BrianiteNa2CaMg(PO4)2Mon. 2/m : P21/b
8.AC.35Vitusite-(Ce)Na3(Ce,La,Nd)(PO4)2Orth. mm2 : Pca21
8.AC.40Olgite(Sr,Ba)(Na,Sr,REE)2Na(PO4)2Trig. 3m (3 2/m) : P3m1
8.AC.40Bario-olgite(Ba,Sr)(Na,Sr,REE)2Na(PO4)2 · Trig. 3 : P3
8.AC.45StrontiowhitlockiteSr9Mg(PO4)6(HPO4)Trig. 3m : R3c
8.AC.45MerrilliteCa9NaMg(PO4)7Trig. 3m : R3m
8.AC.45TuiteCa3(PO4)2Trig. 3m (3 2/m) : R3m
8.AC.45FerromerrilliteCa9NaFe2+(PO4)7Trig. 3m : R3c
8.AC.50Chladniite{Ca}{Na8}{Ca4Na4}{(Mg,Fe2+)43}(PO4)36Trig. 3 : R3
8.AC.50Fillowite{Mn2+}{Na8}{Ca4Na4}{(Mn2+,Fe2+)43}(PO4)36Trig. 3 : R3
8.AC.50JohnsomervilleiteNa10Ca6Mg18Fe25(PO4)36Trig.
8.AC.50Galileiite{Fe2+}{Na8}{Fe2+4Na4}{Fe2+43}(PO4)36Trig. 3 : R3
8.AC.50Stornesite-(Y){(Y, Ca)}{Na62}{(Ca,Na)8}{(Mg,Fe2+)43}(PO4)36Trig. 3 : R3
8.AC.50XenophylliteNa4Fe2+7(PO4)6Tric. 1 : P1
8.AC.55HarrisoniteCa(Fe2+,Mg)6(PO4)2(SiO4)2Trig.
8.AC.60KosnariteKZr2(PO4)3Trig. 3m (3 2/m) : R3c
8.AC.65Panethite(Na,Ca)2(Mg,Fe2+)2(PO4)2Mon. 2/m : P21/b
8.AC.70StanfielditeCa4Mg5(PO4)6Mon.
8.AC.75RonneburgiteK2MnV4O12Mon. 2/m
8.AC.80Tillmannsite(Ag3Hg)(VO4,AsO4)Tet. 4 : I4
8.AC.85FilatoviteK(Al,Zn)2(As,Si)2O8Mon. 2/m

Related Minerals - Dana Grouping (8th Ed.)Hide

38.3.4.2StrontiowhitlockiteSr9Mg(PO4)6(HPO4)Trig. 3m : R3c
38.3.4.3Merrillite-(Ca)(Ca,◻)19Mg2(PO4)14Trig.
38.3.4.4MerrilliteCa9NaMg(PO4)7Trig. 3m : R3m
38.3.4.6TuiteCa3(PO4)2Trig. 3m (3 2/m) : R3m
38.3.4.7FerromerrilliteCa9NaFe2+(PO4)7Trig. 3m : R3c
38.3.4.8BobdownsiteTrig. 3m : R3c

Related Minerals - Hey's Chemical Index of Minerals GroupingHide

19.4.1MonetiteCa(HPO4)Tric. 1
19.4.2HydroxylapatiteCa5(PO4)3(OH)Hex. 6/m : P63/m
19.4.3BrushiteCa(HPO4) · 2H2OMon. m : Bb
19.4.4IsoclasiteCa2(PO4)(OH) · 2H2OMon.
19.4.5BuchwalditeNaCa(PO4)Orth. mm2 : Pmn21
19.4.6CanaphiteNa2Ca(P2O7) · 4H2OMon.
19.4.7Mundrabillaite(NH4)2Ca(HPO4)2 · H2OMon. m : Pm
19.4.9BrianiteNa2CaMg(PO4)2Mon. 2/m : P21/b
19.4.10Petersite-(Y)(Y,Ce,Nd)Cu6(PO4)3(OH)6 · 3H2OHex.

Other InformationHide

Electrical:
Piezoelectric, pyroelectric
Notes:
Readily soluble in dilute acids.
Health Risks:
No information on health risks for this material has been entered into the database. You should always treat mineral specimens with care.

References for WhitlockiteHide

Reference List:
Sort by Year (asc) | by Year (desc) | by Author (A-Z) | by Author (Z-A)
Julien, A.A. (1865) On metabrushite, zeugite, ornithite, and other minerals of the Key of Sombrero, W.I.. American Journal of Science: 40: 367-379. (as Zeugite)
Shepard, C.U., Jr. (1878) On a new mineral, pyrophosporite: an anhydrous pyrophosphate of lime from the West Indies. American Journal of Science: 15: 49-51. (as Pyrophosphorite)
American Mineralogical Society, Program and Abstracts (1940): 7.
Frondel, C. (1941) Whitlockite: a new calcium phosphate, Ca3(PO4)2. American Mineralogist: 26: 145-152.
Frondel, C. (1943) Mineralogy of calcium phosphates in insular phosphate rock. American Mineralogist: 28: 215-232.
Bannister, F.A., Bennett, H. (1947) Whitlockite from Sebdou, Oran, Algeria. Mineralogical Magazine: 28: 29-30.
Frondel, C. (1949) Wolfeite, xanthoxenite, and whitlockite from the Palermo Mine, New Hampshire. American Mineralogist: 34: 692-705.
Palache, C., Berman, H., Frondel, C. (1951) The System of Mineralogy of James Dwight Dana and Edward Salisbury Dana, Yale University 1837-1892, Volume II. John Wiley and Sons, Inc., New York, 7th edition, revised and enlarged, 1124 pp.: 684-686.
Fisher, D.J. and Volborth, A. (1960) Morinite-Apatite-Whitlockite. American Mineralogist 45, 645-667.
Gopal, R., Calvo, C. (1972) Structural relationship of whitlockite and β Ca3(PO4)2. Nature Physical Science: 237: 30-32.
Gopal, R., Calvo, C., Ito, J., Sabine, W.K. (1974) Crystal structure of synthetic Mg-whitlockite, Ca18Mg2H2(PO4)14. Canadian Journal of Chemistry: 52: 1155-1164.
Calvo, C., Gopal, R. (1975) The crystal structure of whitlockite from the Palermo Quarry. American Mineralogist: 60: 120-133.
Kostiner, E., Rea, J.R. (1976) The crystal structure of manganese-whitlockite, Ca18Mn2H2(PO4)14. Acta Crystallographica: B32: 250-253.
Schroeder, L.W., Dickens, B., Brown, W.E. (1977) Crystallographic studies of the role of Mg as a stabilizing impurity in β-Ca3(PO4)2. II. Refinement of Mg-containing β-Ca3(PO4)2. Journal of Solid State Chemistry: 22: 253-262.
Dowty, E. (1977) Phosphate in Angra dos Reis: structure and composition of the Ca3(PO4)2 minerals. Earth and Planetary Science Letters: 36: 347-351.
Hughes, J.M., Jolliff, B.L., Rakovan, J. (2008) The crystal chemistry of whitlockite and merrillite and the dehydrogenation of whitlockite to merrillite. American Mineralogist: 93: 1300–1305.
Adcock, C.T., Hausrath, E.M., Forster, P.M., Tschauner, O., Sefein, K.J. (2014) Synthesis and characterization of the Mars-relevant phosphate minerals Fe- and Mg- whitlockite and merrillite and a possible mechanism that maintains charge balance during whitlockite to merrillite transformation. American Mineralogist: 99: 1221-1232.
Tsirlin, A.A., Dikarev, E.V., Shpanchenko, R.V., Antipov, E.V. (2006) A new whitlockite, Ca8.42Na1.16V(PO4)7. Acta Crystallographica: C62: i13-i15.

Internet Links for WhitlockiteHide

Localities for WhitlockiteHide

This map shows a selection of localities that have latitude and longitude coordinates recorded. Click on the symbol to view information about a locality. The symbol next to localities in the list can be used to jump to that position on the map.

Locality ListHide

- This locality has map coordinates listed. - This locality has estimated coordinates. ⓘ - Click for further information on this occurrence. ? - Indicates mineral may be doubtful at this locality. - Good crystals or important locality for species. - World class for species or very significant. (TL) - Type Locality for a valid mineral species. (FRL) - First Recorded Locality for everything else (eg varieties). Struck out - Mineral was erroneously reported from this locality. Faded * - Never found at this locality but inferred to have existed at some point in the past (eg from pseudomorphs.)

All localities listed without proper references should be considered as questionable.
Algeria
 
  • Tlemcen Province
Palache, C., Berman, H., & Frondel, C. (1951), The System of Mineralogy of James Dwight Dana and Edward Salisbury Dana, Yale University 1837-1892, Volume II: 686.; F. A. Bannister and Miss Hilda Bennett (1947) Whitlockite from Sebdou, Oran, Algeria. Mineralogical Magazine 28:29-30
Anguilla
 
Palache, C., Berman, H., & Frondel, C. (1951), The System of Mineralogy of James Dwight Dana and Edward Salisbury Dana, Yale University 1837-1892, Volume II: 686.
Antarctica
 
  • Eastern Antarctica
    • Queen Maud Land
      • Steingarden Nunataks site (Queenmet site)
Brandstätter, F., Koeberl, C., and Topa, D. (2014) The Steingarden Nunataks L6 chondrites STG 07002, 07003 and 07004: Relationships to type 7 chondrites. 7th Annual Meeting of the Meteoritical Society, held September 7-12, 2014 in Casablanca, Morocco. LPI Contribution No. 1800, id. 5047, https://www.hou.usra.edu/meetings/metsoc2014/pdf/5047.pdf
Brandstätter, F., Koeberl, C., and Topa, D. (2014) The Steingarden Nunataks L6 chondrites STG 07002, 07003 and 07004: Relationships to type 7 chondrites. 7th Annual Meeting of the Meteoritical Society, held September 7-12, 2014 in Casablanca, Morocco. LPI Contribution No. 1800, id. 5047, https://www.hou.usra.edu/meetings/metsoc2014/pdf/5047.pdf
Brandstätter, F., Koeberl, C., and Topa, D. (2014) The Steingarden Nunataks L6 chondrites STG 07002, 07003 and 07004: Relationships to type 7 chondrites. 7th Annual Meeting of the Meteoritical Society, held September 7-12, 2014 in Casablanca, Morocco. LPI Contribution No. 1800, id. 5047, https://www.hou.usra.edu/meetings/metsoc2014/pdf/5047.pdf
    • Transantarctic Mountains
Semenova, A. S., Nazarov, M. A., & Guseva, E. V. (1992, March). Lunar Meteorite MAC 88105: Petrology of Igneous Rock Clasts. In Lunar and Planetary Science Conference (Vol. 23).
Argentina
 
  • Buenos Aires Province
    • Coronel Suaréz
      • D'Orbigny
http://www.hou.usra.edu/meetings/lpsc2014/pdf/1818.pdf
  • Chaco Province
    • Doce de Octubre Department
      • Gran Chaco
Bunch, T.E., Keil, K., and Olsen, E. (1970): Contributions to Mineralogy and Petrology 25, 297-340.
Australia
 
  • South Australia
    • Flinders Ranges
      • North Flinders Ranges
        • Wooltana homestead area
Snow, M.R., Pring, A., Allen, N. (2014) Minerals of the Wooltana Cave, Flinders Ranges, South Australia. Transactions of the Royal Society of South Australia, 138:2, 214-230.
      • South Flinders Ranges
        • Wilmington
American Mineralogist (2000): 85: 1324.; Mineralogical Magazine 63, 735-741
    • Olary Province
      • Weekeroo Station
Bunch, T.E., Keil, K., and Olsen, E. (1970): Contributions to Mineralogy and Petrology 25, 297-340.
  • Western Australia
    • Dundas Shire
      • Cocklebiddy Roadhouse
Caves: processes, development, and management By David S. Gillieson; Bridge, P.J.(1973):Guano Minerals from Murra-el-Evelyn Cave Western Australia, Mineralogical Magazine (December 1973):39:467-469
      • Madura Roadhouse
Mineralogical Magazine (1977): 41: 33-35.
Austria
 
  • Carinthia
    • Spittal an der Drau District
      • Millstatt lake
Walter, F. (1998): Exkursion E4 am 27.9.1998 - MinPet 98 (Pörtschach am Wörthersee/Kärnten) - Die Pegmatite des Millstätter See-Rückens. Mitt. Österr. Mineral. Ges. 143, 437-450. [http://www.uibk.ac.at/mineralogie/oemg/bd_143/143minpet98_437-450.pdf]
      • Spittal an der Drau
        • Wolfsberg
Pichler, A. (2009) Bergbau in Westkärnten, Eine Bestandsaufnahme der noch sichtbaren Merkmale der historischen Bergbaue in Westkärnten. Verlag des Naturwissenschaftlichen Vereins für Kärnten, Klagenfurt, Sonderheft 63, 416 pages [in German].
Bahamas
 
  • San Salvador District
    • San Salvador Island
Onac B.P., Mylroie J.E., White W.B. (2001): Mineralogy of cave deposits on San Salvador Island, Bahamas. Carbonates and Evaporites, 16, 1, 8-16.; Onac B.P., Sumrall J., Mylroie J.E., Kearns J. (2009): Cave minerals of San Salvador Island, Bahamas. The University of South Florida karst studies series, 1, 70 pp.
Brazil
 
  • Minas Gerais
    • Martinho Campos
      • Ibitira
Heim, N. A., Wadhwa, M. & Davis, A. M. (March 1999) Rare Earth Element Abundances in Vapor Deposited Minerals in Ibitira Vesicles: Lunar and Planetary Science Conference XXX: abstract no. 1908. (March 1999)
  • Paraíba
    • Borborema mineral province
      • Picuí
Sergio Varvello collection
  • Rio de Janeiro
    • Angra dos Reis
      • Ilha Grande
Prinz, M., Keil, K., Hlava, P. F., Berkely, J. L., Gomes, C. B. & Curvello, W. S. (1977) Studies of Brazilian meteorites. III - Origin and history of the Angra DOS Reis achondrite: Earth and Planetary Science Letters 35 (2): 317-330. (June 1977) ; Dowty, E. (1977) Phosphate in Angra Dos Reis - Structure and composition of the Ca3(PO4)2 minerals. Earth and Planetary Science Letters 35 (2): 347-351. (June 1977)
Canada
 
  • Manitoba
    • Lac-du-Bonnet area
      • Bernic Lake
Grice, Joel D. (1989) Bernic Lake, Manitoba: Mining for Space-age Elements. In: Famous mineral localities of Canada. Published by Fitzhenry & Whiteside Limited & the National Museum of Natural Sciences, 190 pages: 64-67; 153-155.; Mandarino, J.A. (2001) Abstracts of New Mineral Descriptions. Mineralogical Record, 32(5), 416-421.
  • Newfoundland and Labrador
    • Labrador
      • Seal Lake alkaline complex (Letitia Lake)
GSC locality database; GSC database locality No. 4100
  • Saskatchewan
    • Springwater
Davis, A. M., & Olsen, E. J. (1989, March). The origin of phosphate minerals in the Eagle Station and Springwater pallasites. In Lunar and Planetary Science Conference (Vol. 20, p. 220).
  • Yukon
    • Dawson mining district
Horvath, L. (2003). Whitlockit vom Big Fish River, Yukon, Kanada. Lapis 28 (9), 39-40 + 58.
Richard Gunter Collection
[MinRec 23:Yukon 34]
Chile
 
  • Antofagasta
    • Antofagasta Province
      • Taltal
Kimura, M., Ikeda, Y., Ebihara, M., & Prinz, M. (1991). New enclaves in the Vaca Muerta mesosiderite: Petrogenesis and comparison with HED meteorites. Antarctic Meteorite Research, 4, 263.
China
 
  • Anhui
    • Bozhou
      • Qiaocheng District
        • Xiaoyanzhuang
Kuiren Wang and Junxin Wang (1987): Acta Mineralogica Sinica 7(3), 238-244
  • Guangdong
    • Shaoguan
      • Wengyuan Co.
Xie, X., Chen, M., Zhai, S., & Wang, F. (2014). Eutectic metal+ troilite+ Fe‐Mn‐Na phosphate+ Al‐free chromite assemblage in shock‐produced chondritic melt of the Yanzhuang chondrite. Meteoritics & Planetary Science, 49(12), 2290-2304.
  • Hubei
    • Suizhou
      • Zengdu District (Cengdou District)
        • Xihe
Chen, M., Shu, J., & Mao, H. K. (2008). Xieite, a new mineral of high-pressure FeCr2O4 polymorph. Chinese Science Bulletin, 53(21), 3341-3345.; Chen, M., & Xie, X. (2015). Shock-produced akimotoite in the Suizhou L6 chondrite. Science China Earth Sciences, 58(6), 876-880.
  • Jiangsu
    • Taizhou
      • Gaogang District
        • Sixiangkou
Chen, M., El Goresy, A. & Gillet, P. Ringwoodite lamellae in olivine: clues to olivine–ringwoodite phase transition mechanisms in shocked meteorites and subducting slabs. Proc. Natl Acad. Sci. USA 101, 15033–15037 (2004)
  • Jilin
    • Jilin
      • Chuanying District
Wankang Huang, Yingwen Xie, and Jingming Pan (1978): Geochimica 7(1), 25-34
  • Shaanxi
    • Hanzhong
      • Ningqiang County
Wang, Y. & Hsu, W. (2009). Petrology and Mineralogy of the Ningqiang carbonaceous chondrite. Meteoritics & Planetary Science Vol. 44, #5, 763-780. (May 2009).
  • Xinjiang
    • Changji Autonomous Prefecture (Sanji Autonomous Prefecture)
      • Fukang Co.
Connolly, Jr., H.C., Zipfel, J., Grossman, J.N., Folco, L., Smith, C., Jones, R.H., Righter, K., Zolensky, M., Russell, S.S., Benedix, G.K., Yamaguchi, A., and Cohen, B.A. (2006): Meteoritics & Planetary Science 41(9), 1383–1418
Cuba
 
  • Santiago de Cuba Province
Handbook of Mineralogy - Anthony, Bideaux, Bladh, Nichols
France
 
  • Provence-Alpes-Côte d'Azur
    • Alpes-Maritimes
      • Saint-Cézaire-sur-Siagne
Audra, P., De Waele, J., Bentaleb, I., Chroňáková, A., Krištůfek, V., D’Angeli, I. M., Carbone, C., Madonia, G., Vattano, M., Scopelliti, G., Cailhol, D., Vanara, N., Temovski, M., Bigot, J.-Y., Nobécourt, J.-C., Galli, E., Rull, F., and Sanz-Arranz, A. (2019) Guano-related phosphate-rich minerals in European caves. International Journal of Speleology, 48, 1, 75-105.
Germany
 
  • Bavaria
    • Upper Bavaria
Neumair, A., Waitzinger, M. & Finger, F. (2016) Interesting glass coatings on cobbles and rock fragments from the Alpine Foreland, SE-Bavaria, Germany, and their possible origin. Poster-Neumair-GeoTirol-2016
  • Hesse
    • Giessen Region
      • Lahn-Dill
        • Lahnau
          • Waldgirmes
Weiss, S. (1990) Mineralfundstellen Atlas, Deutschland West. Weise Verlag, München, 320 pages.
  • North Rhine-Westphalia
    • Cologne
      • Aachen
        • Stolberg
Blaß, G. & Graf, H. W. (1995): Neufunde von Schlackenhalden in der nördlichen Eifel (II). Mineralien-Welt, 6 (3), 28-31.
  • Saxony-Anhalt
    • Magdeburg
      • Salzwedel
        • Hohenlangenbeck
Matthes, J. (1995): The Salzwedel meteorite. Petrology and shock metamorphism. Chemie der Erde 55, 257-261.
  • Schleswig-Holstein
    • Nordfriesland
      • Bredstedt
        • Joldelund
A. Wittern: "Mineralfundorte in Deutschland", Schweizerbart (Stuttgart), 2001
  • Thuringia
    • Gera
      • Ronneburg U deposit
T. Witzke & F. Rüger: Lapis 1998(7/8), 26-64
India
 
  • Bihar
    • Gaya District
Lundberg, L. L., Crozaz, G., McKay, G., & Zinner, E. (1988). Rare earth element carriers in the Shergotty meteorite and implications for its chronology. Geochimica et Cosmochimica Acta, 52(8), 2147-2163.
  • Tamil Nadu
    • Dindigul district
Kurat, G., Varela, M. E., & Zinner, E. (2005). Silicate inclusions in the Kodaikanal IIE iron meteorite.
Iran
 
  • Markazi Province
    • Delijan County
      • Naragh (Naraq; Narāq; Narāk)
Adib D., Liou J. G. (1979): The Naragh meteorite - A new olivine-bronzite chondrite fall. Meteoritics, 14, 257-272.
Israel
 
  • Southern District (HaDarom District)
Vapnik, Y., Sokol, E., Murashko M., Sharygin V. (2006): The enigma of Hatrurim. Mineralogical Almanac, 10, 69-77.
Italy
 
  • Sicily
    • Agrigento Province
      • Agrigento (Girgenti)
Levi-Donati G.R., Jarosewich E. (1972): Mineralogical and chemical researches on L-chondrites: Girgenti. Meteoritics, 7, 2, 109-125.
Kenya
 
  • Laikipia County
Schulze, H. & Otto, J. (1993) Rumuruti: A New Carlisle Lakes-type Chondrite, Meteoritics 28 (3): 433. (July 1993) ; Schulze, H., Bischoff, A., Palme, H., Spettel, B., Dreibus, G. & Otto, J. (1994). Mineralogy and chemistry of Rumuruti: The first meteorite fall of the new R chondrite group, Meteoritics 29 (2), 275-286. (March 1994)
Malaysia
 
  • Sarawak
Wurster, C. M., Munksgaard, N., Zwart, C., & Bird, M. (2015). The biogeochemistry of insectivorous cave guano: a case study from insular Southeast Asia. Biogeochemistry, 124(1-3), 163-175.
Mineralogical Magazine (1983): 47: 79-80.
Mexico
 
  • Coahuila
    • Cuatro Ciénegas Municipality
      • Cuatro Ciénegas (Cuatrociénegas de Carranza; Venustiano Carranza)
        • Limestone caves
Forti, P. et al. (2006): ACTA CARSOLOGICA 35/1, 79–98.
  • Durango
    • Mapimí Municipality
      • Mapimí
Panczner (1987): 392.
  • Guerrero
    • Acapulco de Juárez Municipality
Michel-Lévy, M. C. & Lorin, J. C. (1978) El Quemado, A New Type of Stone Meteorite Fallen Near Acapulco: Meteoritics 13: 411-412. (Dec 1978)
Morocco
 
  • Drâa-Tafilalet Region
    • Ouarzazate Province
      • Tazenakht
Favreau, G. (2012): Les minéralisations à phosphates de la pegmatite d'Angarf-Sud (Maroc).Le Cahier des Micromonteurs, 3-2012, 3-70.
  • Marrakesh-Safi Region
    • Rehamna Province
      • Jebilet Mtn (Djebilet Mtn)
        • Sidi Bou Othmane
Favreau, G. (2012): Deux pegmatites à phosphates de Sidi Bou Othmane (Maroc). Le Cahier des Micromonteurs, 3-2012, 71-109
Namibia
 
  • Erongo Region
    • Dâures
Von Bezing, L., Bode, R., and Jahn, S., (2008) Namibia Minerals and Localities. Edition Schloss Freudenstein, Bode Verlag GmbH, Haltern. 409 (in English).
Keller, P. (1974): Phosphatmineralien aus Pegmatiten Südwestafrikas. Der Aufschluss 25,577-591.
    • Karibib
      • Okatjimukuju Farm 55 (Friedrichsfelde Farm)
P. Keller and O. von Knorring, Eur. J. Mineral. , 1989, 1, pp. 567-593.
  • Oshikoto Region
    • Tsumeb
New Mineral Names. Mineral News, 28, #1 (January 2012), 13.
Netherlands
 
  • Curaçao
Palache, C., Berman, H., & Frondel, C. (1951), The System of Mineralogy of James Dwight Dana and Edward Salisbury Dana, Yale University 1837-1892, Volume II: 686.; Ten Have, T., Heijnen, W., & Nickel, E. (1982). Alterations in guano phosphates and mio-pliocene carbonates of table mountain Santa Barbara, Curacao. Sedimentary Geology, 31(2), 141-165.
Nigeria
 
  • Katsina
McCoy, T.J., Wadhwa, M., and Keil, K. (1999) New lithologies in the Zagami meteorite: evidence for fractional crystallization of a single magma unit on Mars. Geochimica et Cosmochimica Acta, Volume 63, Issues 7–8, April 1999, Pages 1249-1262.; Wang, A., Jolliff, B.L., and Haskin, L.A. (1999) Raman spectroscopic characterization of a Martian SNC meteorite: Zagami. Journal of Geophysical Research: Planets (1991–2012), 104(E4), 8509-8519.; Minitti, M.E. and McCoy, T.J. (2012) Assessing the longwave ultraviolet fluorescent characteristics of Martian meteorites. In: 43rd Lunar and Planetary Science Conference, PDF 2349.
Northwest Africa Meteorites
 
Greshake, A. (2014) A strongly hydrated microclast in the Rumuruti chondrite NWA 6828: Implications for the distribution of hydrous material in the solar system. Meteoritics & Planetary Science 49 (5): 824-841. (May 2014)
Norway
 
  • Telemark
    • Bamble
Morton, R. D. (1961): Contributions to the mineralogy of Norway. No.9). On the occurrence of two rare phospates in the Ødegården Apatite mines, Bamble, South Norway. Norsk Geologisk Tidsskrift 41: 233-246.
Oman
 
  • Al Wusta Governorate
    • Sayh al Uhaymir
MPS 37,835(2002)
Meteoritical Bulletin, no. 87, MAPS 38, A189-A248 (2003)
  • Dhofar Governorate
Taylor, L. A., Nazarov, M. A., Ivanova, M. A., Patchen, A., Clayton, R. N., & Mayeda, T. K. (2000). Petrology of the Dhofar 019 shergottite. Meteoritics and Planetary Science Supplement, 35, 155.
Yukio, I., Makoto, K., Hiroshi, T., Gen, S., Kita, N., Yuichi, M., ... & Gerlind, D. (2006). Petrology of a new basaltic shergottite: Dhofar 378. Antarctic Meteorite Research, 19, 20-44.
Philippines
 
  • Luzon
    • Calabarzon Region
      • Quezon province
H. J. Axon and M. J. Nasir (1977) A Metallographic and Microprobe Examination of a Metallic Nodule from the Bondoc Peninsula Meteorite. Mineralogical Magazine 41:121-122.
Poland
 
  • Greater Poland Voivodeship
    • Poznań Co.
Karwowski, Ł., Kusz, J., Muszyński, A., Kryza, R., Sitarz, M., Galuskin, E.V. (2015): Moraskoite, Na2Mg(PO4)F, a new mineral from the Morasko IAB-MG iron meteorite (Poland). Mineralogical Magazine, 79, 387-398.
  • Lower Silesian Voivodeship
Pieczka A., Łobos K., Sachanbiński M. 2004: The first occurence of elbaite in Poland. Mineralogia Polonica, vol. 35, 3-14
    • Świdnica County
      • Gmina Świdnica
Włodek, A., Pieczka, A. (2011): Primary phosphate mineralization in a granitic pegmatite at Lutomia (Sowie Mts block, SW Poland). Mineralogia Special Papers: 38: 188
Pieczka, A., Włodek, A., Gołębiowska, B., Szełęg, E., Szuszkiewicz, A., Ilnicki, S., Nejbert, K., Turniak, K. (2015): Phosphate-bearing pegmatites in the Góry Sowie Block and adjacent areas, Sudetes, SW Poland. 7th International Symposium on Granitic Pegmatites, PEG 2015 Książ, Poland. Abstracts: 77-78
Pieczka, A., Hawthorne, F.C., Gołębiowska, B., Włodek, A., Grochowina, A. (2016): Maneckiite, ideally NaCa2Fe2+2(Fe3+Mg)Mn2(PO4)6(H2O)2, a new phosphate mineral of the wicksite supergroup from the Michałkowa pegmatite, Góry Sowie block, southwestern Poland. Mineralogical Magazine: 80: (in press
  • Silesian Voivodeship
    • Rybnik Co.
      • Gmina Czerwionka-Leszczyny
Kruszewski, Ł., Ciesielczuk, J., Misz-Kennan, M. (2012): What have meteorites to do with coal fires? A case of Upper and Lower Silesian Basins. Mineralogia Special Papers 40: 28-30
Portugal
 
  • Viana do Castelo
    • Ponte da Barca
      • São Lourenço de Touvedo
Leal Gomes, C., Azevedo, A., Lopes Nunes, J., & Dias, P. A. (2009). Phosphate fractionation in pegmatites of Pedra da Moura II claim–Ponte da Barca–Portugal. Estudos Geológicos, 19(2), 172.
Romania
 
  • Brașov
Puşcaş, C. M., Kristaly, F., Stremţan, C. C., Onac, B. P., & Effenberger, H. S. (2014). Stability of cave phosphates: Case study from Liliecilor Cave (Trascău Mountains, Romania). Neues Jahrbuch für Mineralogie-Abhandlungen: Journal of Mineralogy and Geochemistry, 191(2), 157-168.
Russia
 
  • Chukotka Autonomous Okrug
    • Chaunskii District (Chaun)
Zaslavskaya, N. I., Petaev, M. I., Kononkova, N. N., & Barsukova, L. D. (1991, March). Mineralogy of Phosphate-Silicate Inclusions in the Chaunskij Iron. In Lunar and Planetary Science Conference (Vol. 22). p418
  • Magadan Oblast
    • Magadan
Sharygin, V. V., Kovyazin, S. V. & Podgornykh, N. M. (2006) Mineralogy of Olivine-hosted Inclusions from the Omolon Pallasite (abstract). Lunar and Planetary Science Conference, XXXVII, abstract no.1235. (Mar 2006)
  • Zabaykalsky Krai
    • Buriatia Republic (Buryatia)
      • Dzhida Basin
        • Zakamensk
          • Dzhida W-Mo District
Pavel M. Kartashov data
Saint Helena
 
Richard, G. (1928): Newberyite and other phosphates from Ascension Island. Am. Mineral. 13, 397-401.; American Mineralogist 28:215-232
Saudi Arabia
 
  • Mecca Region
Saudi Geological Survey Open-File Report SGS-OF-2004-12, 68 p.
South Africa
Cairncross, B. and Dixon, R., (1995), Minerals of South Africa.
  • Gauteng
    • West Rand District (West Rand)
      • Far West Rand (West Wits Line)
        • Western Sector
          • Carletonville
Martini, I. (1978). Mineralogy of the Transvaal caves. South African Journal of Geology, 81(1), 47-54.
  • Mpumalanga
    • Ehlanzeni District
      • Mbombela (Nelspruit)
Martini, J.E.J. et al (1997), "Mbobo Mkulu Cave, South Africa", in "Cave Minerals of the World" (1997)
  • North West
    • Dr Kenneth Kaunda District
      • Ventersdorp
Martini, I. (1978). Mineralogy of the Transvaal caves. South African Journal of Geology, 81(1), 47-54.
  • Western Cape
    • West Coast District
Miller, C. E., Mentzer, S. M., Berthold, C., Leach, P., Ligouis, B., Tribolo, C., ... & Porraz, G. (2016). Site-formation processes at Elands Bay Cave, South Africa. Southern African Humanities, 29(1), 69-128.
Spain
 
  • Andalusia
    • Granada
      • Benalúa de las Villas
Takeda, H., Hsu, W., & Huss, G. R. (2003). Mineralogy of silicate inclusions of the Colomera IIE iron and crystallization of Cr-diopside and alkali feldspar from a partial melt. Geochimica et Cosmochimica Acta, 67(12), 2269-2287.
  • Aragón
    • Huesca
      • Isábena
        • Roda de Isábena
Domanik, K. J., Sideras, L. C. & Drake, M. J. (2005) Olivine and Ca-Phosphate in the Diogenites Manegaon and Roda: Lunar and Planetary Science Conference XXXVI, abstract no.2128.
  • Castile and Leon
    • Salamanca
      • Garcirrey
Calvo, M. (2015): Minerales y Minas de España. Vol. VII, Fosfatos, arseniatos y vanadatos. Escuela Técnica Superior de Ingenieros de Minas de Madrid - Fundación Gómez Pardo. 479 pp
  • Catalonia
    • Barcelona
      • Vallès Occidental
        • Montcada i Reixac
Rosell, J., Viñals, J. y Moreno, M. (2010). Whitlockita, Ca9Mg(PO3OH)(PO4)4, un nuevo fosfato de la cantera del Turó de Montcada, Montcada i Reixac, Vallés Occidental, Barcelona. Revista de Minerales, 4, (4), 58-60.
USA
 
  • California
    • Trinity Co.
      • Klamath Mountains
        • Hyampom
Lydon, Philip Andrew (1964), Unusual phosphatic rock: California Division of Mines & Geology, Mineral Information Service: 17: 66-74; Murdoch, Joseph & Robert W. Webb (1966), Minerals of California, Centennial Volume (1866-1966): California Division Mines & Geology Bulletin 189: 80, 384; Pemberton, H. Earl (1983), Minerals of California; Van Nostrand Reinholt Press: 317, 318.
  • Illinois
    • Jo Daviess Co.
      • Woodbine
Bunch, T.E., Keil, K., and Olsen, E. (1970): Contributions to Mineralogy and Petrology 25, 297-340.
  • Iowa
    • Emmet Co.
Fuchs L H (1967) Abstract of paper presented at the twelfth annual meeting: Stanfieldite, a new phosphate mineral in stony-iron meteorites. The Canadian Mineralogist 9, 289-290.
  • Kentucky
    • Carroll Co.
Davis, A. M., & Olsen, E. J. (1989, March). The origin of phosphate minerals in the Eagle Station and Springwater pallasites. In Lunar and Planetary Science Conference (Vol. 20, p. 220).
  • Maine
    • Androscoggin Co.
      • Poland
KKing, V. T. and Foord, E. E., 1994, Mineralogy of Maine, Descriptive Mineralogy, volume 1, Maine Geological Survey, Augusta, Maine, USA, pp. 418 + 88 plates.
    • Oxford County
      • Newry
King, V. and Foord, E., 1994, Mineralogy of Maine, V. 1; King, V. (ed.), 2000, Mineralogy of Maine, V. 2.
Handbook of Mineralogy - Anthony, Bideaux, Bladh, Nichols
King, V. T., 2006, Minerals of Halls Ridge and Plumbago-Puzzle Mountain, Newry, ... Maine, Mineral News, v. 22(6): p. 1-3.
      • Rumford
King & Foord, 1994. Mineralogy of Maine, V. 1.; King and Foord, 2000, Addenda to Volume 1, Mineralogy of Maine, v. 2.
  • Nevada
    • Eureka Co.
      • Lynn Mining District
NBMG Spec. Pub. 31 Minerals of Nevada
    • Humboldt Co.
      • Osgood Mountains
        • Potosi Mining District
          • Twin Creeks Mine
Min News (1999) 15:6 pp 1,5-8
    • Mineral Co.
      • Candelaria Mining District
Kampf, A.R., Adams, P.M. and Nash, B.P. (2016) Whiteite-(CaMgMg),CaMg3Al2(PO4)4(OH)2·8H2O, a New Jahnsite-group Mineral from the Northern Belle Mine, Candelaria, Nevada, U.S.A. Canadian Mineralogist. 54: 1513-1523.
  • New Hampshire
    • Grafton Co.
      • Groton
American Mineralogical Society, Program and Abstracts (1940) p. 7; Palache, C., Berman, H., & Frondel, C. (1951), The System of Mineralogy of James Dwight Dana and Edward Salisbury Dana, Yale University 1837-1892, Volume II: 686, 842, 953, 977; Rocks & Minerals: 16: 208-211.; Mineralogical Record (1973) 4:103-130; USGS Prof Paper 255; USGS Prof Paper 353; American Mineralogist (1953): 38: 728-729.
    • Strafford Co.
      • Strafford
        • Parker Mountain
Rocks & Min.:64:504.; Rocks & Minerals 80:4 pp234-241
  • Puerto Rico
    • Mayagüez
Handbook of Mineralogy - Anthony, Bideaux, Bladh, Nichols
Wise, W. (1997), J. Cave and Karst Studies, 53,170.
  • South Dakota
    • Custer Co.
      • Custer Mining District
        • Custer
Januzzi, R.E. and Seaman, David M. (1976) Mineral Localities Of Connecticut and Southern New York State and Pegmatite Minerals of the World.
        • Fourmile
Mineralogical Record: 14: 195; Rocks & Minerals: 60: 117.
        • Pringle
          • Cicero Peak
Rocks & Minerals: 75(3): 156-169.
  • Texas
    • Castro Co.
      • Dimmitt
Rubin, A. E., Scott, E. R., Taylor, G. J., Keil, K., Allen, J. S., Mayeda, T. K., ... & Bogard, D. D. (1983). Nature of the H chondrite parent body regolith: Evidence from the Dimmitt breccia. Journal of Geophysical Research: Solid Earth (1978–2012), 88(S02), A741-A754.
  • Utah
    • Rich Co.
      • Crawford Mountains
U.S. Geological Survey, 2005, Mineral Resources Data System: U.S. Geological Survey, Reston, Virginia.
U.S. Geological Survey, 2005, Mineral Resources Data System: U.S. Geological Survey, Reston, Virginia.
U.S. Geological Survey, 2005, Mineral Resources Data System: U.S. Geological Survey, Reston, Virginia.
U.S. Geological Survey, 2005, Mineral Resources Data System: U.S. Geological Survey, Reston, Virginia.
U.S. Geological Survey, 2005, Mineral Resources Data System: U.S. Geological Survey, Reston, Virginia.
U.S. Geological Survey, 2005, Mineral Resources Data System: U.S. Geological Survey, Reston, Virginia.
U.S. Geological Survey, 2005, Mineral Resources Data System: U.S. Geological Survey, Reston, Virginia.
      • Laketown Mining District
U.S. Geological Survey, 2005, Mineral Resources Data System: U.S. Geological Survey, Reston, Virginia.
      • Woodruff Creek
U.S. Geological Survey, 2005, Mineral Resources Data System: U.S. Geological Survey, Reston, Virginia.
  • West Virginia
    • Grant Co.
      • Landes
Meteoritics, volume 7, number 1, pages 31-38
  • Wisconsin
    • Waushara Co.
      • Saxeville
Bunch, T.E., Keil, K., and Olsen, E. (1970): Contributions to Mineralogy and Petrology 25, 297-340.
Venezuela
 
  • Federal Dependencies
Palache, C., Berman, H., & Frondel, C. (1951), The System of Mineralogy of James Dwight Dana and Edward Salisbury Dana, Yale University 1837-1892, Volume II. John Wiley and Sons, Inc., New York, 7th edition, revised and enlarged, 1124 pp.: 661, 686.; American Mineralogist 28:215-232
  • Miranda
Urbani, F. (1996) Venezuelan cave minerals: a review. Boletín de la Sociedad Venezolana de Espeleología, No.30, 1-13.
Franco Urbani (2009) Venezuelan Cave Minerals: Second Review. Mineralogy 1 2009 ICS Proceedings. In 15th International Congress of Speleology. p 345
Outer Space
 
  • Main Belt Asteroids
Terada, K., et al. (2018) Thermal and impact histories of 25143 Itokawa recorded in Hayabusa particles. Scientific Reports: 8: 11806. 10.1038/s41598-018-30192-4
The Moon
 
  • Descartes Highlands
Dowty, E., Keil, K., & Prinz, M. (1974) Igneous rocks from Apollo 16 rake samples. In: Lunar Science Conference, 5th, Houston, Tex., March 18-22, 1974, Proceedings. Volume 2. (A75-39540 19-91) New York, Pergamon Press, Inc., 1974, p. 431-445.
  • Mare Imbrium
    • Palus Putredinis
Peckett, A., Phillips, R., Brown, G.M. (1972): New zirconium-rich minerals from Apollo XIV and XV rocks. Nature: 236: 215-217; in: Fleischer, M. (1973): New mineral names. American Mineralogist: 58: 139-141
 
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