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Wadalite

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About WadaliteHide

05992710014947046829517.jpg
Dr Tsunashiro Wada
Formula:
(Ca,Mg)6(Al,Fe3+)4((Si,Al)O4)3O4Cl3
Colour:
Lemon-yellow, colourless, grey
Lustre:
Vitreous
Specific Gravity:
3.06 (Calculated)
Crystal System:
Isometric
Member of:
Name:
Named after Tsunashiro Wada (1856, Japan - 20 December 1920, Tokyo, Japan), the first director general of the Geological Survey of Japan. He also variously served as professor at the Faculty of Science of the Imperial University of Tokyo, as the director-general of Mining Affairs of the Ministry of Agriculture and Commerce and as the Commissioner of Steelworks. He helped to establish the modern study of mineralogy in Japan.
Related to IMA2014-028.



Classification of WadaliteHide

Approved
Approval Year:
1993
8/A.08-155
9.AD.25

9 : SILICATES (Germanates)
A : Nesosilicates
D : Nesosilicates without additional anions; cations in [6] and/or greater coordination
51.4.5.1

51 : NESOSILICATES Insular SiO4 Groups Only
4 : Insular SiO4 Groups Only with cations in [6] and >[6] coordination

Physical Properties of WadaliteHide

Vitreous
Transparency:
Transparent, Translucent
Colour:
Lemon-yellow, colourless, grey
Streak:
colourless
Density:
3.06 g/cm3 (Calculated)

Optical Data of WadaliteHide

Type:
Isotropic
RI values:
n = 1.708
Birefringence:
Isotropic minerals have no birefringence
Surface Relief:
High

Chemical Properties of WadaliteHide

Formula:
(Ca,Mg)6(Al,Fe3+)4((Si,Al)O4)3O4Cl3
IMA Formula:
Ca6Al5Si2O16Cl3
Common Impurities:
Mg,Fe

Crystallography of WadaliteHide

Crystal System:
Isometric
Class (H-M):
4 3m - Hextetrahedral
Space Group:
I4 3d
Cell Parameters:
a = 12.014 Å
Unit Cell V:
1,734.06 ų (Calculated from Unit Cell)
Z:
4

Type Occurrence of WadaliteHide

Place of Conservation of Type Material:
Geology Museum (Geological Survey of Japan)
Geological Setting of Type Material:
Calcsilicate xenolith in two-pyroxene andesite

Synonyms of WadaliteHide

Other Language Names for WadaliteHide

German:Wadalit
Japanese:和田石
Spanish:Wadalita

Relationship of Wadalite to other SpeciesHide

Member of:
Other Members of this group:
AdrianiteCa12(Al4Mg3Si7)O32Cl6Iso. 4 3m : I4 3d
EltyubyuiteCa12Fe3+10Si4O32Cl6Iso. 4 3m : I4 3d
Forms a series with:

Common AssociatesHide

Associated Minerals Based on Photo Data:
1 photo of Wadalite associated with SpinelMgAl2O4

Related Minerals - Nickel-Strunz GroupingHide

9.AD.AdrianiteCa12(Al4Mg3Si7)O32Cl6Iso. 4 3m : I4 3d
9.AD.05LarniteCa2SiO4Mon. 2/m
9.AD.10Calcio-olivineCa2SiO4Orth. mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m)
9.AD.15MerwiniteCa3Mg(SiO4)2Mon. 2/m : P21/b
9.AD.20BredigiteCa7Mg(SiO4)4Orth.
9.AD.25AndraditeCa3Fe3+2(SiO4)3Iso. m3m (4/m 3 2/m) : Ia3d
9.AD.25AlmandineFe2+3Al2(SiO4)3Iso. m3m (4/m 3 2/m) : Ia3d
9.AD.25Calderite(Mn2+,Ca)3(Fe3+,Al)2(SiO4)3Iso.
9.AD.25GoldmaniteCa3V3+2(SiO4)3Iso.
9.AD.25GrossularCa3Al2(SiO4)3Iso. m3m (4/m 3 2/m) : Ia3d
9.AD.25HenritermieriteCa3(Mn3+,Al)2(SiO4)2(OH)4Tet. 4/mmm (4/m 2/m 2/m) : I41/acd
9.AD.25HibschiteCa3Al2(SiO4)3-x(OH)4xIso. m3m (4/m 3 2/m) : Ia3d
9.AD.25HydroandraditeCa3Fe3+2(SiO4)3-x(OH)4x
9.AD.25KatoiteCa3Al2(SiO4)3-x(OH)4x (x = 1.5-3)Iso.
9.AD.25KimzeyiteCa3(Zr,Ti)2((Si,Al,Fe3+)O4)3Iso.
9.AD.25KnorringiteMg3Cr2(SiO4)3Iso.
9.AD.25MajoriteMg3(Fe2+,Si,Al)2(SiO4)3Iso.
9.AD.25MorimotoiteCa3(Ti,Fe2+,Fe3+)2((Si,Fe3+)O4)3Iso.
9.AD.25PyropeMg3Al2(SiO4)3Iso.
9.AD.25SchorlomiteCa3(Ti,Fe3+)2((Si,Fe3+)O4)3Iso.
9.AD.25SpessartineMn2+3Al2(SiO4)3Iso. m3m (4/m 3 2/m) : Ia3d
9.AD.25UvaroviteCa3Cr2(SiO4)3Iso. m3m (4/m 3 2/m) : Ia3d
9.AD.25HoltstamiteCa3(Al,Mn3+)2(SiO4)2(OH)4Tet. 4/mmm (4/m 2/m 2/m) : I41/acd
9.AD.25KerimasiteCa3Zr2(SiO4)(Fe3+O4)2Iso. m3m (4/m 3 2/m) : Ia3d
9.AD.25ToturiteCa3Sn2(SiO4)(Fe3+O4)2Iso. m3m (4/m 3 2/m) : Ia3d
9.AD.25Momoiite(Mn2+,Ca)3V3+2(SiO4)3Iso. m3m (4/m 3 2/m) : Ia3d
9.AD.25EringaiteCa3Sc2(SiO4)3Iso. m3m (4/m 3 2/m) : Ia3d
9.AD.25EltyubyuiteCa12Fe3+10Si4O32Cl6Iso. 4 3m : I4 3d
9.AD.25HutcheoniteCa3Ti2(SiAl2)O12Iso. m3m (4/m 3 2/m) : Ia3d
9.AD.30CoffiniteU(SiO4) · nH2OTet.
9.AD.30HafnonHfSiO4Tet. 4/mmm (4/m 2/m 2/m) : I41/amd
9.AD.30ThoriteTh(SiO4)Tet.
9.AD.30ZirconZr(SiO4)Tet. 4/mmm (4/m 2/m 2/m) : I41/amd
9.AD.30Stetindite-(Ce)Ce(SiO4)Tet. 4/mmm (4/m 2/m 2/m) : I41/amd
9.AD.35HuttoniteThSiO4Mon.
9.AD.35Tombarthite-(Y)Y4(Si,H4)4O12-x(OH)4+2xMon.
9.AD.40EulytineBi4(SiO4)3Iso. 4 3m : I4 3d
9.AD.45ReiditeZrSiO4Tet. 4/m : I41/a

Related Minerals - Dana Grouping (8th Ed.)Hide

51.4.5.5HutcheoniteCa3Ti2(SiAl2)O12Iso. m3m (4/m 3 2/m) : Ia3d

Other InformationHide

Health Risks:
No information on health risks for this material has been entered into the database. You should always treat mineral specimens with care.

References for WadaliteHide

Reference List:
Sort by Year (asc) | by Year (desc) | by Author (A-Z) | by Author (Z-A)
Feng, Q.L., Glasser, F.P., Howie, R.A., Lachowski, E.E. (1988) Chlorosilicate with the 12CaO.7Al2O3 structure and its relationship to garnet. Acta Crystallographica: C44: 589-92.
Tsukimura, K., Kanazawa, Y., Aoki, M., Bunno, M. (1993) Structure of wadalite Ca6Al5Si2O16Cl3. Acta Crystallographica: C49: 205-207.
Jambor, J.L., Vanko, D.A. (1993) New mineral names. American Mineralogist: 78: 1314-1319.
Glasser, F.P. (1995) Comments on wadalite, Ca6Al5SiO16Cl3, and the structures of garnet, mayenite and calcium chlorosilicate. Addendum. Acta Crystallographica: C51: 340.
Kanazawa, Y., Aoki, M., Takeda, H. (1997) Wadalite, rustumite, and spurrite from La Negra mine, Queretaro, Mexico. Chishitsu Chosasho Geppo: 48: 413-420.
Kanazawa, Y., Aoki, M., Takeda, H. (1997) Wadalite, rustumite, and spurrite from La Negra mine, Queretaro, Mexico. Bulletin of the Geological Survey of Japan: 48: 413-420.
Gottschalk, M. (1997) Internally consistent thermodynamic data for rock-forming minerals in the system SiO2-TiO2-Al2O3-CaO-MgO-FeO-K2O-Na2O-H2O-CO2. European Journal of Mineralogy: 9: 175-223.
Bai, T.B., Koster van Groos, A.F. (1998) Phase relations in the system MgO-NaCl-H2O: The dehydroxylation of brucite in the presence of NaCl-H2O fluids. American Mineralogist: 83: 205-212.
Jambor, J.L., Pertsev, N.N., Roberts, A.C. (1998) New mineral names. American Mineralogist: 83: 907-911.
Fujita, S., Suzuki, K., Ohkawa, M., Shibasaki, Y., Mori, T. (2001) Reaction of hydrogrossular with hydrogen chloride gas at high temperature. Chemistry of Materials: 13: 2523-2527.
Mihajlović, T., Lengauer, C.L., Ntaflos, T., Kolitsch, U., Tillmanns, E. (2004) Two new minerals rondorfite, Ca8Mg[SiO4]4Cl2, and almarudite, K(ٱ,Na)2(Mn,Fe,Mg)2(Be,Al)3[Si12O30], and a study of iron-rich wadalite, Ca12[(Al8Si4Fe2)O32]Cl6, from the Bellerberg (Bellberg) volcano, Eifel, Germany. Neues Jahrbuch für Mineralogie, Abhandlungen: 179: 265-294.
Bailau, R., Galuskin, E.V., Gazeev, V.M., Pertzev, N.N. (2010) Classification and potential new minerals in the "mayenite" group. Acta Mineralogica Petrographica Abstract Series. 20th General Meeting of the International Mineralogical Association 21-27 August, 2010. Budapest, Hungary: 6: 493-493.
Banno, Y., Bunno, M., Tsukimura, K. (2018): A reinvestigation of holotype wadalite from Tadano, Fukushima Prefecture, Japan. Mineralogical Magazine. 82: 1023-1031

Internet Links for WadaliteHide

Localities for WadaliteHide

This map shows a selection of localities that have latitude and longitude coordinates recorded. Click on the symbol to view information about a locality. The symbol next to localities in the list can be used to jump to that position on the map.

Locality ListHide

- This locality has map coordinates listed. - This locality has estimated coordinates. ⓘ - Click for further information on this occurrence. ? - Indicates mineral may be doubtful at this locality. - Good crystals or important locality for species. - World class for species or very significant. (TL) - Type Locality for a valid mineral species. (FRL) - First Recorded Locality for everything else (eg varieties). Struck out - Mineral was erroneously reported from this locality. Faded * - Never found at this locality but inferred to have existed at some point in the past (eg from pseudomorphs.)

All localities listed without proper references should be considered as questionable.
Czech Republic
 
  • South Moravian Region
    • Brno-Country District
      • Oslavany
Hršelová, P., Cempírek, J., Houzar, S., Sejkora, J. (2013): S,F,Cl-rich mineral assemblages from burned spoil heaps in the Rosice-Oslavany coalfield, Czech Republic. Can. Mineral.: 51(1): 171-188
Germany
 
  • Rhineland-Palatinate
    • Mayen-Koblenz
      • Mayen
        • Ettringen
          • Bellerberg volcano
T. Mihajlović, C. L. Lengauer, T. Ntaflos, U. Kolitsch and E. Tillmanns (2004): Two new minerals rondorfite, Ca8Mg[SiO4]4Cl2, and almarudite, K(ٱ,Na)2(Mn,Fe,Mg)2(Be,Al)3[Si12O30], and a study of iron-rich wadalite, Ca12[(Al8Si4Fe2)O32]Cl6, from the Bellerberg (Bellberg) volcano, Eifel, Germany. N. Jahrb. Mineral. Abh. 179, 265-294.
Galuskin, E.V., Krüger, B., Krüger, H., Blass, G., Widmer, R., Galuskina, I.O. (2016): Wernerkrauseite, CaFe3+2Mn4+O6 - the first non-stoichiometric post-spinel mineral, from Bellerberg volcano, Eifel, Germany. European Journal of Mineralogy, 28, 485-493
Japan (TL)
 
  • Fukushima Prefecture
[Acta Cryst. 49C (1993), 205; European Journal of Mineralogy 9 (1997), 220; MinRec 32:421]
Mexico
 
  • Chihuahua
    • Pueblito de Allende
Krot, A.N., Nagashima, K., Ma, C. and Wasserburg, G.J. (2015): Forsterite-bearing type B CAI with a relict eringaite-bearing ultra-refractory CAI. Meteoritics and Planetary Science: 50 (S1): Abstract No. 5308
  • Queretaro
    • Cadereyta Municipality
      • Maconi
[MinRec 32:421]
Russia
 
  • Chelyabinsk Oblast
    • Chelyabinsk coal basin
Sharygin, V. V. (2015). Mayenite-supergroup minerals from burned dump of the Chelyabinsk Coal Basin. Russian Geology and Geophysics, 56(11), 1603-1621.
  • Kabardino-Balkaria
    • Baksan Valley
Galuskin, E.V., Galuskina, I.O., Kusz, J., Gfeller, F., Armbruster, T., Bailau, R., Dulski, M., Gazeev, V.M., Pertsev, N.N., Zadov, A.E., Dzieržanowski, P. (2015): Mayenite supergroup, part II: Chlorkyuygenite from Upper Chegem, northern Caucasus Kabardino-Balkaria, Russia, a new microporous mayenite supergroup mineral with “zeolitic” H2O. European Journal of Mineralogy. 27, 113-122; Bailau, R., Gałuskin, E. V., Gazeev, V. M., & Gałuskina, I. O. Raman investigation of potential new mineral-Fe 3-analogue of wadalite from calcareous-silicate xenoliths of the Upper Chegem caldera, Northern Caucasus, Russia.
American Mineralogist, Volume 94, pages 1361–1370, 2009; .
Galuskina, I.O., Krüger, B., Galuskin, E.V. ,Armbruster, T., Gazeev, V.M., Włodyka, R., Dulski, M. & Dzierżanowski, P. (2015): Fluorchegemite, Ca7(SiO4)3F2, a new mineral from the edgrewitebearing endoskarn zone of an altered xenolith in ignimbrites from Upper Chegem Caldera, Northern Caucasus, Kabardina-balkaria, Russia; Occurrence, crystal structure, and new data on the mineral assemblages. Canadian Mineralogist. 53, 325-344.
Galuskin, E.V., Galuskina, I.O., Gazeev, V.M., Dzierżanowski, P., Prusik, K., Pertsev, N.N., Zadov, A.E., Bailau, R., Gurbanov, A.G. (2011): Megawite, CaSnO3: a new perovskite-group mineral from skarns of the Upper Chegem caldera, Kabardino-Balkaria, Northern Caucasus, Russia. Mineralogical Magazine, 75, 2563-2572.
  • Sakha Republic (Yakutia)
    • Mirninsky District
Gałuskina, I.O., Gałuskin, E.V., Lazic, B., Armbruster, T., Dzierżanowski, P., Prusik, K., Wrzalik, R. (2010): Eringaite, Ca3Sc2(SiO4)3, a new mineral of the garnet group. Mineralogical Magazine, 74, 365-373.
South Ossetia
 
  • Greater Caucasus Mountain Range
    • Kel’ volcanic area
      • Shadil-Khokh volcano
Galuskina, I.O., Krüger, B., Galuskin, E.V. ,Armbruster, T., Gazeev, V.M., Włodyka, R., Dulski, M. & Dzierżanowski, P. (2015): Fluorchegemite, Ca7(SiO4)3F2, a new mineral from the edgrewitebearing endoskarn zone of an altered xenolith in ignimbrites from Upper Chegem Caldera, Northern Caucasus, Kabardina-balkaria, Russia; Occurrence, crystal structure, and new data on the mineral assemblages. Canadian Mineralogist. 53, 325-344.; Środek, D., Juroszek, R., Krüger, H., Krüger, B., Galuskina, I., & Gazeev, V. (2018). New Occurrence of Rusinovite, Ca10 (Si2O7) 3Cl2: Composition, Structure and Raman Data of Rusinovite from Shadil-Khokh Volcano, South Ossetia and Bellerberg Volcano, Germany. Minerals, 8(9), 399.
Ukraine
 
  • Donetsk Oblast
    • Donetsk
      • Kalinin coal mine
Шарыгин, В. В. (2015). Минералогия метакарбонатной породы из горелого террикона угольной шахты им. Калинина, г. Донецк. Минералогия техногенеза–2015, Миасс, Имин УрО РАН, 13-40. (Mineralogy of a Metacarbonate Rock from a Burned Dump of the Kalinin Coal Mine, Donetsk)
 
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